当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词


1. take place
1) 发生 Was there anybody passing by when the accident took place? 2)举行 The singer was ill. The performance didn’t take place after all.

与place相关短语:

in the first place in the last place in one’s place in place take one’s place take the place of ….

首先, 第一点 最后 处于某人的位置, 为 某人设身处地想一想 放在原来的位置, 就位 代替, 用……而不用…… 找某人接替某人的位置

辨析: take place, happen, occur, break out, come about 1) take place 指事先计划或预想到的事情的发生。 我们学校的运动会将于下周三举行。 Our school sports meeting is going to take place next Friday. 2)happen 偶然或未能预见的发生, 可以和to 连用或接that引导的从句。 他碰巧没有读过那部小说。 He happened not to have read the novel. It happened that he had read the novel.

3)occur 既可指某事偶然发生, 也指某事按计划发生,

可与happen互换。也有‘想起 ” 之意,常与to连用
许多事故是发生在家里的。 常用于;sth occurs to sb/it occurs to sb that….. Many accidents occur in the house. A good idea occurred to him.

4) break out 仅用于负面场合, 常用于灾难, 战争,
疾病之类事情的突然发生。 发生了大火/战争爆发了。 A fire / war broke out.

5) come about 属于中性词组, 既可用于表达正面

事情的发生, 又可用于表达负面事情的发生。
你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗?

Can you tell me how the accident came about?

2. beauty beautiful

beautify v美化
3. harvest

n/v 收获,收割
The farmer hired extra workers for the harvest. a good harvest 丰收 harvester 收割机/人 We will harvest the fruit in autumn.

4. celebrate 庆祝 We held a party to celebrate our success. celebration n.
congratulate 祝贺 congratulate sb. on (doing ) sth. I ~ him on passing the exam. congratulation

5.starve v.
1) 挨饿; 饿死

Millions of people starved to death during the war.
2) (使某人)得不到某事物而受苦或渴望获得某事物; 缺乏

The homeless children were starved for love . 3) to feel very hungry 感觉很饿, 仅用于进行时态 When will dinner be ready? I’m starving. starvation n. [U] 饿死 die of starvation starvation wages 不够维持基本生活的工资

6. origin
起源,由来,起因

What was the origin of the accident? The origins of life on earth 可用做可数名词或不可数名词, 通常用作复数形式
original adj. 原始的

7. religious
1)宗教上的,信奉宗教的 Most western people have religious beliefs. 2) 虔诚的 She is a very religious person. religion n.

8. in memory of 纪念 The museum was built in memory of the famous scientist. in honor of in praise of in celebration of in search of in need of in favour of in charge of

9. belief
1)信任; 信心 [U] I have strong belief in my future. 2) 信仰[C]

religious beliefs
宗教信仰 beyond belief 难以置信 believe v.

10. dress up 盛装,打扮 You should dress up when you take part in the party. dress 给…穿衣服 dress sb./oneself
Wake up children and dress them. Hurry up and get dressed. (动态) The girl was dressed in red. (静态)

11. trick

1)n. 诡计,花招 They had to think of a trick to get passed the guards. do/perform a trick 玩把戏 2) n. 窍门,招数 Daily practice is the trick in learning a foreign language. 3)vt. 欺骗,诈骗 She tricked the SnowWhite into eating the poisoned apple. The man tricked the old woman out of all her money trick sb into sth/doing sth 诱骗某人做某事 trick sb. out of sth 诱骗某人某物

12. play a trick/tricks on…
捉弄… 戏弄…. The naughty boy loves playing tricks on others. 13. poet 诗人 Li Bai is a great poet who wrote many famous poems.

14.arrival
1)到达,到来 The arrival of the train is 9:00. On our arrival at the farm, we were welcomed by the farmers. 2) 到达者 They went out to welcome the new arrivals. a new arrival=a baby

arrive v

15. gain
1) 获得 He gained full marks in the exam.

2) 赢得 The scientist gained the respect of his students. No pains, no gains.

16. independence
独立,自主 India gained independence from Britain in 1947. depend v dependent adj independent adj 独立的,自主的

be dependent on/upon 依靠 be independent of 不受…支配的 不依赖的

17. gather
1)搜集 The writer is gathering materials for his works. 2)集合 The teacher gathered the students around her. 3) 聚集 The clouds are gathering. 【辨析】 collect 指有计划, 有选择地收集。 He collects stamps.

18. award
1)v.授予,判定 They awarded him the title of Hero. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics. The referee awarded a free kick.

2) n. 奖,奖品 She got the first award in the English contest. The award for the year’s best actress was a young woman.

award sb. sth. =award sth to sb. 奖赏某人某物 辨析: award 和reward award后接双宾语 reward 奖赏, 给……报酬, 不能接双宾语; reward sb. for sth. 因 ……奖赏某人; reward sb. with sth. 用某物酬劳某人 She rewarded herself with a cup of coffee after a whole morning’s hard work.

19. produce
1)v 生产 The factory produces 1,000 cars a week. 2)n 产品,尤指农产品 The shop sells only fresh local produce. product 产品 production 产量 productive 多产的,生产的

a productive writer

20. admire
1)钦佩,羡慕 We all admire him for his courage and bravery. admire sb. for sth.在某方面钦佩某人
2) 欣赏 I admire your poems very much . 3) 赞美 He admired her new dress. admiration n.

21. look forward to (doing) sth. 期待着(做)某事
Children are looking forward to Spring Festival. He’s looking forward to hearing from his pen pal.

22. day and night 日夜; 昼夜; 整天
Her mother is ill. She has to take care of her day and night in the hospital.

23. clothing 服装(总称,除衣裤还包括鞋帽) an article of clothing 一件衣服 The cost of food, clothing and shelter is high. 辨析: cloth, clothes, clothing

1)cloth 指做衣服等用的材料, 如布料, 毛料, 丝绸等, 不可数。“一块布料”是 a piece of cloth 注意: cloth 指具体用途的布时, 可与冠词连用。 a table cloth 一块桌布 a dish cloth 一块擦碗布

2) clothes 指具体的衣服, 包括上衣, 裤子等, 不能 与不定冠词或数词连用, 但可与物主代词, 指示 代词, 少数不定代词连用。作主语时, 谓语用 复数形式。 He wears fine clothes. 他穿着很讲究。 3) clothing 是衣服, 服装的总称, 是集合名词。 作主语时候, 谓语动词用单数形式。如果要表示 “一件衣服”时, 可以说an article of clothing 或a piece of clothing, 但不能用 a suit of clothing 那家商店卖童装。 The shop sells children's clothing.

24. as though as though和as if没有什么区别。as if用得普遍些, 却可引导方式状语从句和表语从句, 其从句谓语 常用虚拟语气。 1) 引导方式状语从句 She acted as though nothing had happened. 她装得好像什么事也没发生过似的。 当从句主语和主句主语一致, 从句谓语中又含 有动词be时, 可以把主语和 be一起省去。 He looked about as though (he was) in search of something. 他四处张望, 好像寻找什么。

2) 引导表语从句 It looks as if it’s going to rain. as though和as if从句用虚拟语气, 还是用陈述

语气, 完全根据具体情况而定。如果从句表示
的意思与事实完全相反, 或者纯粹是一种假设,

通常用虚拟语气。
The child talks as if she were an adult. He talked as if he had known everything.

25. have fun (with sb)

(与某人)玩得开心
We had fun with each other on that day.

fun为不可数名词, 没有复数, 也不能加a.
make fun of 取笑?? for fun read for fun

adj. funny 有趣的

26. custom
1)风俗 The celebration of the Spring Festival is a custom for Chinese. It is the custom for the Japanese to take off their shoes when they get into a hall.

2) 习惯=habit It was her custom to rise early. the Customs 海关

27. worldwide 世界性的
Wild life protection has attracted worldwide attention.

28. fool
1)n. 愚人,白痴,受骗者 I felt a fool when I realized my mistake.

2)v.愚弄,欺骗 You’re fooling yourself if you think playing computer games will not affect your studies.

29. permission
允许,许可
I asked for his permission to use the car. You have my permission to leave. permit sb. to do sth.

30. turn up. 1) 出席(某活动), 出现 We planned to meet at 7:00, but he didn’t turn up. 2) 把(收音机等)音量开大一些 Turn up the radio a little, I can hardly hear the program. The teacher turned down the students’ proposal(请求 拒绝 I thought it would rain the next day, but it turned out to be a sunny day. 结果是?? turn off 关掉 turn on 打开 turn to sb. for help 向某人求助

31. keep one’s word
守信,履行诺言 I promised my teacher to work hard, I must~. =perform one’s word. break one’s word 失信 Don’t break your word, otherwise, no one will trust you. word 此处为诺言为不可数名词 消息 Word came that he had succeeded.

32. hold one’s breath
= stop breathing for a time 屏住呼吸 The girl held her breath at the sight of the snake. All Americans held their breath to see who would

win the election. take breath 歇会儿 get one’s breath 喘过气来 be out of breath 喘不过气来

breathe v.

33. apologize 道歉 say sorry apologize to sb for (doing) sth You must apologize to the teacher for being so rude. apology n. 表达道歉 接受道歉

make / offer an apology accept an apology refuse an apology

拒绝道歉

34. drown (drowned, drowned) v. 1)淹死 Don’t play by the river in case you fall and drown. There was a drowning man .(快要淹死的) drowned 已经淹死的 2) 浸, 泡
The floods drowned the streets and houses. 3) 淹没 The noise in the street drowned out her voice. 借?? 消愁 drown one’s sorrow/sadness in…

35. obvious adj. 明显的, 清楚的 His meaning is obvious. 1) be obvious + to + 表示人的名词或代词 Her disappointment was obvious to her friend. 2) It + be + obvious +that-clause It is obvious that you are wrong. Obviously, he is telling a lie.

36. wipe
1) 擦/抹某物 Wipe your hands with the handkerchief.

2)把…擦掉,抹掉 The girl wiped her tears away. 3)把…擦干 The students wiped the floor dry.

37. weep (wept, wept)
哭泣,流泪 Failing in the exam, the girl wept over/for her bad learning results.

38. set off
1)动身, 出发; Tom and his father set off for America yesterday. 2)使(地雷、炸弹)爆炸; The bomb set off among the crowd. 3)使某物更有吸引力

A woman’ s beauty is set off by her clothes and
jewellery.

set about doing sth. 着手(做某事)

set in
set up

开始
建立, 创立

set down 使某人开始工作

写下, 记下

set somebody to do something. set somebody doing something

使某人处于某种状态

39. remind
提醒, 使想起 remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起… remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 remind sb. that 提醒… The photo reminds me of my mother. Remind me to take my books tomorrow. My teacher reminded me that I should finish my homework on time.

What you said just now ____ me C of that American professor. A. mentioned B. informed C. reminded D. memorized

40. forgive (forgave, forgiven) vt. 原谅, 饶恕 Please forgive me, I didn’t mean to hurt you. Please forgive me for being late. =please forgive my being late. forgiving adj. 宽仁的, 宽大的 forgiveness n. 宽恕 ask for forgiveness receive forgiveness


相关文章:
高中英语必修三Unit1单词(人教版).doc
高中英语必修三Unit1单词(人教版) - take place 发生 beau
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - 1. take place 1) 发生
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - Unit 1 Festivals aro
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - 1. take place 1) 发生
2018精品1人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词ppt课件_图文.ppt
2018精品1人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词ppt课件 - Unit 1 F
...人教课标版高中英语必修三 必修三Unit1重点词汇详解....ppt
[新版]人教课标版高中英语必修三 必修三Unit1重点词汇详解[精] - 必修③
人教版高中英语必修三unit1知识点汇总及练习.doc
人教版高中英语必修三unit1知识点汇总及练习 - 必修三 复习 Unit 1
人教版高中英语必修三 第一单元词汇与短语.doc
高中英语| 短语| 词汇|人教版高中英语必修三 第一单元词汇与短语_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。人教版高中英语必修三 Unit 1 Festivals around the world I...
人教版高中英语必修三unit1 语言点 Book3 Unit1 langua....ppt
人教版高中英语必修三unit1 语言点 Book3 Unit1 language points_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。 词汇拓展 beautiful 1. beauty n.美; 美人→ ___adj. 美...
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - Unit1 Festivals arou
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - 1. take place 1) 发生
人教版高中英语必修3unit1_词汇学习课件(共22张PPT)_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1_词汇学习课件(共22张PPT) - Unit 1
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - Unit 1 Festivals aro
人教版高一英语必修1-4单词表.doc
人教版高一英语必修1-4单词表 - 必修一 UNIT1 survey 调查;测验
人教版2017高一英语必修三Unit1复习ppt课件_图文.ppt
人教版2017高一英语必修三Unit1复习ppt课件_英语_高中教育_教育专区。人教版2017高中英语 PPT课件 必修三 Unit1 Festivals around the world 核心单词 1. ...
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - 1. take place 1) 发生
人教版高中英语必修3unit1_reading_课件_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1_reading_课件 - UNIT 3 Festivals around the world 沂水第三中学 姚在美 Aims: ? Improve readi...
人教版高一英语必修三 unit 2重点词汇自创_图文.ppt
人教版高一英语必修三 unit 2重点词汇自创 - 1. Everybody
人教版高一英语必修三Unit1词汇练习.doc
英语| 高一英语| 词汇|人教版高一英语必修三Unit1词汇练习_英语_高中教育
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修3unit1单词 - Unit 1 Festivals aro
更多相关标签: