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2018年河北省中考英语试题及答案

2018 年河北省初中毕业生升学文化课考试英语试卷

卷 I(选择题,共 85 分)
听力部分(第一节) I.听句子,选出句子中所包含的信息。(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,计 5 分) 1.A.easy B.busy C.crazy 2.A.11:15 B.12:15 C.12:30 3.A have a picnic B. have a rest C.have a party 4.A .We are already on the plane B. We may be late for the plane C. We are waiting for the plane. 5.A .Cindy can not cross the street. B.Cindy tells the speaker to cross the street. C .Cindy should be careful when crossing the street Ⅱ,听句子,选出该句的最佳答语。(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,计 5 分) 6 .A. Sounds good B. Glad to hear that C. Nice to see you, too. 7. A. He's a policeman B. He's thirty-five C.He’s tall and cool. 8.A.Yes. here you are B No, thank you C. Sure, I'm hungry 9.A I like to travel B. It was great C. They went to a zoo 10.A.Why not B.Not really C.Not at all Ⅲ.听对话和问题,选择正确答案,(共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,计 8 分) 11. What is Tina reading?

12. Where are they talking?

13. What are they going to do? A. Eat breakfast B. Go to school C. See a doctor 14. What does Tony want Jane to do? A. Watch a match. B. Join the team. C. Teach him 15. What is Jane's last reason to refuse Tony? A.She isn't good at baseball. B.Baseball has too many rules. C.Baseball takes a long time to play. 16. Where should the woman meet with her frends? A. At the ticket office B. At the coffee shop. C At the bus stop 17. Why does she feel worried? A. She can't find a taxi. B. The theater is too far C. She's gone to a wrong place 18. What do you think she will do after talking to the man? A Buy gifts for her friends B Hurry to the New Theater. C.Decide which movie to see Ⅳ.听短文和问题,选择正确答案。(共 7 小题,每小题 1 分,计 7 分) 19. Who is speaking? A. A teacher B A guide C. A tourist

20. How will the tourists go to see all the places? A By bus. B On foot C By train 21. Why don't they have to worry about the weather? A. It isn’t raining B. They can enjoy the rain. C. The rain will 22. How many students are there in each group? A Two B.Four C.Six 23. Who will role-play a phone call first? A. The boys B. The girls C A girl and a boy 24. When can they go somewhere in the role-play? A. On Friday B. On Saturday C.On Sunday 25. What will the girls finally do? A Role-play a phone call. B. Talk about the boys C Copy the key words

笔试部分 V. 单项选择(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,计 10 分)
选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 26. Please come in, Alice. Welcome to _________ house. A. her B. his C. my D. your 27. Did you hear the ________? A scientist will visit our school. A. advice B. news C. praise D. choice 28. This dog looks ________. It’s wearing red shoes. A. clever B. brave C. funny D. careful 29. Bob, dinner is ready. Please wash your hands ________ you eat. A. until B. after C. while D. before 30. Gary is the best singer in my class. No one else ________ so well. A. sings B. sang C. will sing D. is singing 31. –The bread is really delicious.--Thank you I ________ it myself. A. make B. made C. will make D. am making 32. Can you help me ________ the pen? It’s under the chair. A. ask for B. look for C. pick up D. put up 33. I ________ an invitation to the concert. I can’t wait to go. A. receive B. will receive C. was receiving D. have received 34. Look at the picture. The top five TV plays ________ in it. A. list B. are listed C. will list D. will be listed 35. – Hi, Ken. Did Mrs. Zhang tell us ________?--Yes. She said we should meet there at nine. A. which was the way to the station B. why we should meet at the station C. when we should get to the station D. who we should meet at the station

VI. 完形填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,计 10 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。 Once there was a king and his daughter. The king asked his daughter how much she loved him. She said that she loved him as much as the loved 36 . Her answer made the king very happy. Salt is simple thing, 37 it is very important. So the king thought his daughter cared a lot about him. Salt has many 38 . Bodies need salt. If we don’t have enough, our bodies can’t work properly. We put salt on icy roads to make them 39 . We also use salt to produce other products, like paper and glass. But for many years, salt’s most important job was to 40 food. Like other living things, most bacteria(细菌) need water to live. Salt takes in plenty of water, so most bacteria(细菌) can not live 41 a salty environment. As a result, salt protects food and many other things. For much of humans history, this ability has made salt 42 . Every ancient culture from Egypt to China depended on salt. Even today, the hard working useful people are 43 as ―the salt of the earth‖. For centuries, salt was also hard to 44 . It’s usefulness, together with rarity(稀有) made it very expensive. Salt could even be used like 45 . In fact, the word salary (薪水) comes from the word salt.

Today, salt is used more widely and it still plays an important role in our life. 36. A. salt B. air C. gold D. sugar 37. A. or B. so C. and D. but 38. A. forms B. secrets C. uses D. skills 39. A. wide B. safe C. smooth D. thick 40. A. protect B. provide C. produce D. prepare 41. A. in B. outside C. for D. without 42. A. hopeful B. comfortable C. valuable D. successful 43. A. saved B. dreamed C. invited D. described 44. A. sell B. get C. take D. keep 45. A. money B. medicine C. earth D. food

VII.阅读理解(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,计 30 分)
阅读 A、B、C 三篇材料,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。 A Dear sir, I ordered a skirt from you last month, but there are some problems with it. First, the color is not as green as it is shown on your website. I understand that the picture does not always show the real color, but it should nor be that different. Second, I asked for Size M because it is the size I usually wear. But your Size M is so small that I have to give it to my younger sister. I think you should be more serious about your business. Truly Susan Rosen Dear Ms. Rosen, Thank you for telling us the problems with your order. We hope we can give you better service. We are sending you another skirt with this letter. It is Size L, and its green color is brighter than the one you had. We hope you like it. Our office hours are 9:00 a.m.—5:00 p.m. Please call us if you have any more questions. Yours truly Victor Smith 46. Why did Susan Rosen write the letter? A. To say sorry to her sister. B. To show the picture to Smith. C. To tell her problem to a friend. D. To talk about what she bought. 47. What did Victor Smith do for Susan Rosen? A. He helped her cancel the order. B. He sent her a new skirt. C. He asked her to visit the office. D. He called her for another color. B Edward rose early on the New-year morning. He looked in every room and wished a Happy New Year to his family. Then he ran into the street to repeat that to those he might meet. When he came back, his father gave him two bright, new silver dollars . His face lighted up as he took them. He had wished for a long time to buy some petty books that he had seen at the bookstore. He left the house with a light heart, expecting to buy the books. As he ran down the street, he saw a poor family. ―I wish you a happy New Year.‖ said Edward, as he was happily passing on. The man shook his head. ―You are not from this country? ‖ said Edward. The man again shook his head, for he could not understand or speak his language. But he pointed to his mouth, and to the children shaking with cold, as if (好像)to say, ―These little ones have had nothing to eat for a long time‖ Edward quickly understood that these poor people were in trouble. He took out his dollars, and gave one to the man and the other to his wife. They were excited and said something in their language, which doubtless meant, ―We thank you so much that we

will remember you all the time.‖ When Edward came home, his father asked what books he had bought. He hung his head a moment, but quickly looked up. ―I have bought no books,‖ said he, ―I gave my money to some poor people, who seemed to be very hungry then.‖ He went on, ―I think I can wait for my books till next New Year.‖ ―My dear boy,‖ said his father, ―Here are some books, more as a reward for your goodness of heart than as a New-Year gift‖. ―I saw you give the money cheerfully to the poor German family. It was nice for a little boy to do so. Be always ready to help others and every year of your life will be to you a Happy New Year.‖ 48. Edward expected to ________ with the money he got from his father. A. help the poor family B. buy something to eat C. buy some pretty books D. learn another language 49. Why did the poor man shake his head when Edward spoke to him? A. He couldn’t understand the boy. B. He wouldn’t accept the money. C. He didn’t like the boy’s language. D. He was too cold to say anything. 50. How much did Edward give the poor family? A. One dollar. B. Two dollars. C. Three dollars. D. Four dollars. 51. We know that Edward ________ from the passage. A. got a prize for his kind heart B. had to buy his books next year C. bought the books at the bookstore D. got more money from his father C DIY Your Own Desserts ◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆ We offer different kinds of classed to you all. A very popular class we are offering these 10 days is the class named ―DIY Your Own Desserts‖.
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Can you imagine how happy your beloved one will be happy w hen you give him/her your DIY desserts on the special days like birthday, Mother’s Day and Father’s Day? Come to our class and make your own desserts. Give your beloved one some surprises! The class runs daily and it is a completely hands-on personal cooking experience lasting up to 4 hours learning 3-4 recipes (食谱) each lesson. The teacher will first show how to cook different recipes in front of you. And then he will guide you on how to prepare and make the food. At the end of the class you can either eat the meal prepared during the class or take it home with you. What’s more, you’ll be able to take home the copies of all the recipes. Costs: $30 each lesson. You can start at any time. Go to our website to get more information about the class. You can either e-mail us or come to our office for attending it. 52. You can join the class if you like to ________. A. offer some recipes B. teach how to cook C. make desserts yourself D. get some surprises 53. You will _________ in the class. A. eat the meal with the teacher B. celebrate the special days C. learn 2-3 recipes each lessons D. have a hands-on experience 54. You will pay _________ for five lessons. A. $30 B. $60 C. $120 D. $150 55. How can you attend the class? A. Make a phone call to them. B. Send them an e-mail.

C. Get information from parents.

D. Come to the class directly. D ―Volunteering makes you look at the world differently. You see how little things can change a person’s life for the better, which makes everyone a better person.‖ Mason, a volunteer said. National Volunteer Week started in 1974 and is held every April. It is a time to thank volunteers for their achievements. It is also a perfect opportunity (机会) to encourage others to take their first step toward becoming a volunteer. Making the decision to take the first step can be the biggest problem, because they often wonder if they will be able to meet the organization’s expectations (期望). Some people fear not knowing anyone else in the group. Not having enough time also prevents some from sharing their abilities. The following tips can help if you have some of these worries. ★ Start out slowly, don’t add too much pressure. Even a few hours a month can make a big difference in someone’s life. ★ Choose an organization with the same interests and common values. ★ Take part in a training meeting for new volunteers, even if it is not asked . ★ Work with a veteran volunteer. He volunteered a lot, he can help you increase the confidence and completely understand the organization’s expectations. ★ Invite a friend or family member to serve. It is a good experience to volunteer with them. ★ Finally, it is most important to enjoy the volunteer experience and to remember that not all volunteer experiences are perfect. If one experience doesn’t work, don’t give up and you’ll surely find the right opportunity. Spend some time on volunteer work and you will see great changes in people’s lives. As Ma son discovered during his volunteer experience, ―…little things can change a person’s life.‖ 56. Volunteering can help _________. A. make a decision B. see the world clearly C. thank other people D. make person’s life better 57. What could be the reason to stop people taking the first step? A. They don’t have enough time. B. They are prevented by their families. C. They fear that their abilities are shared. D. They don’t expect to become volunteers. 58. Which of the following can help people take the first step? A. Start out quickly. B. Organize a training meeting. C. Invite a friend to be with them. D. Join in a group with different values. 59. The underlined word ―veteran‖ in the passage means ― _________ ‖. A. polite B. humorous C. young D. experienced 60. What is the main idea of the passage? A. To tell people to make changes in their lives. B. To encourage people to start their volunteering. C. How to make great achievements in volunteering. D. How to keep on volunteering whatever happened.

卷 II (非选择题,共 45 分)
笔试部分
IX. 任务型阅读(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,计 10 分) 阅读短文,并按要求完成 66-70 题。 Artificial intelligence (AI) (人工智能) is growing rapidly. We are living in a world that depends more and more on AI. AI is a group of technologies that help machines get, understand and use information to do tasks. AI’s recent developments have got a lot of social attention. Some people have welcomed AI because it makes things possible. For example, AI will have a big influence on areas like medicine and engineering. But this attention has also produced a lot of fear. Especially, many workers are worrying that AI could make them lose their jobs. According to a recent study, nearly five percent of jobs will disappear because of AI. In some industries, AI is already doing the work that people used to do, such as assembling (装配) cars, digging the coal and lifting goods. Self-driving cars and trucks controlled by AI will also take away the driver’s jobs in the future.

On the other hand, AI will also create many new jobs for people. More people will be needed to write programmers for AI systems ( 系统 ) and they will set up and work on them, too. Meanwhile, jobs that require feelings, excellent communication skills with people will not be replaced (取代) by AI. These includes jobs in fields like teaching, nursing and personal training. AI is here. It is changing how people live and work in many ways. That makes AI important to watch, not to fear. 66、67 题完成句子;68 题简略回答问题;69 题找出并写下第二段的主题句;70 题将问中画线句子译成汉语。 66. AI is ___________________________________ that help machines to do tasks. 67.____________________________________controlled by AI may make the drivers lose their jobs. 68. What will AI create for people? ___________________________________________________________________ 69. __________________________________________________________________ 70.__________________________________________________________________ X. 词语运用 (每小题 1 分,计 10 分) 根据短文内容及所给提示,在文中的空白处填写一个正确的单词。 June 15,2018 This morning I took a bus to school. The traffic was 71. ________ (busy) than usual and there were more people on the bus. At Xinhua Stop, I saw 72. ________ old man get on the bus. He looked very weak. I stood 73. ________ and gave my seat to him. He thanked me and asked me about my name and my school. We talked 74. ________ (happy). Later in the 75. ________ (three) class, Mr. Du came in and asked me to go to the front. I didn’t know 76. w________, so I was a little afraid. Everyone was looking at me. Then he told 77. _________ (they) what I did on the bus this morning. He 78. ________ (know) it because he got a phone call from the old man. Mr. Du said I could be a good example to my 79. ________ (classmate). It was really a good day 80.f________ me! I was so proud. XI. 基础写作(包括 A、B 两部分,A 部分 5 分,B 部分 15 分,共计 20 分) A) 连词成句 (共 5 小题, 每小题 1 分, 计 5 分) 将所给词语连成句子, 标点已给出。 要求:符合语法, 语句通顺, 大小写正确,词语不得重复使用。 81. it, outside, hot, is ______________________________________________________? 82. on time, to, remember, arrive ______________________________________________________. 83. for lunch, we, what, do, have ______________________________________________________? 84. a cup of, Lucy, me, tea, brought ______________________________________________________. 85. your, beautiful, are, how, kites ______________________________________________________! B)书面表达(计 15 分) 86. 请仔细观察下面的图片,并根据所给提示和要求写一篇短文。 提示: (1)What are the man and the woman doing? (2)What should you do when you see people litter like this? Why? 要求: (1)短文须包括所有提示内容,可适当发挥。 (2)短文中不要出现真实的地名、校名和人名。 (3)词数 80 个左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数) 。 参考词汇:throw, environment, civilized(文明的

I can see a man and a woman in the picture. The man is_______________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案: 26-30 CBCDA 31-35 BCDBC 36-40 ADCBA 41-45 ACDBA 46-47 DB 48-51 CABA 52-55 CDDB 56-60 DDCDB 66. a group of technologies 67. Cars and trucks. 68. Many new jobs. 69. Al’s recent developments have got a lot of social attention. 70. 它在许多方面改变着人们的生活和工作方式。 71. busier 72. an 73. up 74. happily 75. third 76. why 77. them 78. knew 79. classmates 80. for 81. Is it hot outside 82. Remember to arrive on time 83. What do you have for lunch 84. Lucy brought me a cup of tea 85. How beautiful your kites are 86. 略

2018 年河北省初中毕业生升学文化课考试









本试卷分卷 I 和卷 II 两部分。卷 I 为选择题,卷 II 为非选择题。 本试卷满分 120 分,考试时间 120 分钟。

卷 I(选择题,共 85 分)
注意事项:1. 答卷 I 前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、科目填涂在答题卡上。考试结束,监考人员将试卷和 答题卡一并收回。 2. 答卷 I 时,每小题选出答案后, 用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,答在试卷上无效。 3.听力部分共包括两小节:第一节在卷 I,第二节在卷 II。完成第一节后,请根据录音指令,在卷 II 完成第二节。

听力部分(第一节) 略 笔试部分 V. 单项选择(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,计 10 分)
选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 26. Please come in, Alice. Welcome to _________ house. A. her 【答案】C 【解析】形容词性物主代词的辨析。句意: 请进来,爱丽斯。欢迎来我的家。四个选项都是形容词性物主代词, 其不同在于适用于不同的人称。根据句意欢迎来到我的家,应选 C。 27. Did you hear the ________? A scientist will visit our school. A. advice 【答案】B B. news C. praise D. choice B. his C. my D. your

【解析】 名词辨析; 句意: 你听说这个消息了吗?一位科学家将要拜访我们的学校。考查名词的辨析, A. advice 意见; B. news 新闻,消息,不可数;C. praise 表扬,赞扬;D. choice 选择,抉择。根据语境,表示听说这个消息, 故选 B。 28. This dog looks ________. It’s wearing red shoes. A. clever 【答案】C 【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:这条狗看起来很有趣,它正穿着双红鞋。clever 意为―聪明的‖; brave 意为―勇敢的‖; funny 意为―有趣的‖; careful 意为―认真的‖。根据句子意思故选 C。 29. Bob, dinner is ready. Please wash your hands ________ you eat. A. until 【答案】D 【解析】考查连词词义辨析。句意:Bob,晚饭准备好了,在吃饭前请洗手。根据句意请在吃饭之前洗手,表 示在…之前,故选 D。 30. Gary is the best singer in my class. No one else ________ so well. A. sings 【答案】A 【解析】 考查动词的时态。 句意: Gary 在我们班是最好的歌手, 没有其他人唱地那么好了。 由 Gary is the best singer in my class.得知该句为一般现在时。故选 A。 31. –The bread is really delicious. --Thank you I ________ it myself. A. make 【答案】B 【解析】动词时态的辨析。句意:--面包真的很好吃。 --谢谢,我自己做的。根据句意―面包美味可口‖得知是 过去自己做的。故选 B。 32. Can you help me ________ the pen? It’s under the chair. A. ask for 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词短语辨析。由句意得知你能帮助我捡起这个钢笔吗?它在你椅子下面。A. ask for 向 某 人 要,寻求; look for 寻找;C. pick up 捡起;D. put up 搭建,张贴。pick up ―捡起‖ 符合语境故选 C。 B. look for C. pick up D. put up B. made C. will make D. am making B. sang C. will sing D. is singing B. after C. while D. before B. brave C. funny D. careful

33. I ________ an invitation to the concert. I can’t wait to go. A. receive 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词时态。句意:我已经收到那次音乐会的邀请,我等不及了。由句意得知我已经收到去音乐会 B. will receive C. was receiving D. have received

的邀请函,要用现在完成时,故选 D 。 34. Look at the picture. The top five TV plays ________ in it. A. list 【答案】 B 【解析】 考查动词的时态和语态。 句意: 看这张图片, 最好的五个电视剧在上面列出了。 由语境得知―The top five TV plays‖与 list 之间存在被动关系;由―Look at the picture‖得知是一般现在时,因此为一般现在时的被动语态,故选 B。 35. – Hi, Ken. Did Mrs. Zhang tell us ________? --Yes. She said we should meet there at nine. A. which was the way to the station C. when we should get to the station 【答案】C 【解析】 考查宾语从句。 句意: --张老师告诉我们什么时候到达车站了吗?--是的, 她说我们应该在九点到那里。 由答语―we should meet there at nine.‖可知,问句询问时间,故选 C。 B. why we should meet at the station D. who we should meet at the station B. are listed C. will list D. will be listed

VI. 完形填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,计 10 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。 Once there was a king and his daughter. The king asked his daughter how much she loved him. She said that she loved him as much as the loved 36 . Her answer made the king very happy. Salt is simple thing, 37 it is very important.

So the king thought his daughter cared a lot about him. Salt has many 38 roads to make them . Bodies need salt. If we don’t have enough, our bodies can’t work properly. We put salt on icy We also use salt to produce other products, like paper and glass. But for many years, salt’s 40 food. Like other living things, most bacteria(细菌) need water to live. Salt takes in 41 a salty environment. As a result, salt protects food and many 42 . Every ancient culture from Egypt to China

39 .

most important job was to

plenty of water, so most bacteria(细菌) can not live

other things. For much of humans history, this ability has made salt depended on salt. Even today, the hard working useful people are For centuries, salt was also hard to could even be used like 45 44 43

as ―the salt of the earth‖.

. It’s usefulness, together with rarity(稀有) made it very expensive. Salt

. In fact, the word salary (薪水) comes from the word salt.

Today, salt is used more widely and it still plays an important role in our life. 36. A. salt 37. A. or 38. A. forms 39. A. wide 40. A. protect B. air B. so B. secrets B. safe B. provide C. gold C. and C. uses C. smooth C. produce D. sugar D. but D. skills D. thick D. prepare

41. A. in 42. A. hopeful 43. A. saved 44. A. sell 45. A. money

B. outside B. comfortable B. dreamed B. get B. medicine

C. for C. valuable C. invited C. take C. earth

D. without D. successful D. described D. keep D. food

【答案】36--40ADCBA; 41--45 ACDBA 【文章大意】本文通过国王的女儿爱国王就像喜爱食盐一样的故事作为引入,引出盐的重要作用。接下来的段落介 绍盐的用途。 36. A 【解析】 名词的辨析。 句意: 她说爱你就像爱食盐一样。 根据上文 Her answer made the king very happy. Salt is simple thing, ______ it is very important.可知,正确答案为选项 A。 37. D【解析】连词的辨析。句意:盐是很简单的东西,但是它很重要。根据上下句的关系判断,表示转折关系,故 用 but。正确答案为选项 D。 38. C【解析】名词的辨析。句意:盐有许多用途。根据后文介绍我们身体不能缺少食盐,以及食盐能够吸水等等用 途可知,表示用途。A. forms 形式;B. secrets 秘密,秘诀;C. uses 用处,用途;D. skills 技能,技巧。选项 A,B 和 D 不符合表达要求,故正确答案选项 C。 。 39. B【解析】形容词的辨析。句意:我们把盐放在光滑的雪地上让地面变得安全。这个句子表达的是食盐的一个用 途,根据常识我们知道下雪路滑的时候,我们撒上食盐,融化较快,是路面变的安全。A. wide 宽阔的;B. safe 安 全的;C. smooth 光滑的;平整的;D. thick 厚的。故正确答案是选项 B。 40. A 【解析】 动词的辨析及语境理解。 句意: 但是数年来, 盐的最重要的作用是保护食物。 根据下文―Like other living things, most bacteria(细菌) need water to live. Salt takes in plenty of water, so most bacteria(细菌) can not live in a salty environment.‖可知,盐应该是保护食物。A. protect 保护;B. provide 提供;C. produce 生产;D. prepare 准备。故正 确答案为选项 A。 41. A【解析】介词的辨析。句意:盐能够吸收大量的水,因此大部分细菌在很咸的环境下不能生存。根据选项及上 下文语境可知,表达在咸的环境下,正确答案为 A。 42. C 【解析】 形容词的辨析。 句意: 在人类历史上, 盐的这种能力已经使它更有价值。 根据下文 “Every ancient culture from Egypt to China depended on salt.”可知盐的价值。A. hopeful 有希望的;B. comfortable 舒服的;C. valuable 有价 值的;D. successful 成功的。根据选项及语境可知,正确答案为选项 C。 43. D【解析】动词的辨析。句意:甚至当今社会,人们把那些努力工作有用的人被描述成“有用的人,正派的人” 。 A. saved 节约;B. dreamed 梦想; C. invited 邀请;D. described 描述。根据句意,表示描述,所以正确答案为选 项 D。 44. B 【解析】动词的辨析。句意:几个世纪以来,盐很难得到。根据后文“It’s usefulness, together with rarity(稀有) made it very expensive.”表示盐很难得到,因为它很稀有并且昂贵。根据选项及语境可知表示得到,获得用 get,正 确答案为选项 B。

45. A【解析】名词的辨析。句意:盐甚至能像钱一样被使用。根据后文“In fact, the word salary (薪水) comes from the word salt.”薪水这个词来自盐这个词, A. money 钱;B. medicine 药物;C. earth 地球,泥土; D. food 食物。根 据选项及语境可知,正确答案为选项 A。

VII.阅读理解(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,计 30 分)
阅读 A、B、C 三篇材料,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。 A Dear sir, I ordered a skirt from you last month, but there are some problems with it. First, the color is not as green as it is shown on your website. I understand that the picture does not always show the real color, but it should nor be that different. Second, I asked for Size M because it is the size I usually wear. But your Size M is so small that I have to give it to my younger sister. I think you should be more serious about your business. Truly Susan Rosen Dear Ms. Rosen, Thank you for telling us the problems with your order. We hope we can give you better service. We are sending you another skirt with this letter. It is Size L, and its green color is brighter than the one you had. We hope you like it. Our office hours are 9:00 a.m.—5:00 p.m. Please call us if you have any more questions. Yours truly Victor Smith 46. Why did Susan Rosen write the letter? A. To say sorry to her sister. C. To tell her problem to a friend. 47. What did Victor Smith do for Susan Rosen? A. He helped her cancel the order. C. He asked her to visit the office. 【答案】46-47 DB 【解析】本文讲的是网上购物遇到的问题,通过信件我们可以看到 Susan Rosen 遇到了两个问题,一个是买的裙子 颜色不像网站展示的那么绿;其次裙子的尺码偏小。卖家 Victor Smith 为了表达歉意,给 Susan Rosen 再次邮寄一 件 L 号的新裙子,并表达歉意。 46. D 【解析】细节判断题。问题:Susan Rosen 为什么要写这封信?根据第一封信的内容“I ordered a skirt from you last month, but there are some problems with it. First, the color is not as green as it is shown on your website….Second, I B. He sent her a new skirt. D. He called her for another color. B. To show the picture to Smith. D. To talk about what she bought.

asked for Size M because it is the size I usually wear. But your Size M is so small that I have to give it to my younger sister.”可知,Susan Rosen 在和卖家谈论买的裙子,正确答案为 D。 47. B 【解析】综合判断题。问题: Victor Smith 为 Susan Rosen 做了什么?根据第二封信的内容“We hope we can give you better service. We are sending you another skirt with this letter. It is Size L, and its green color is brighter than the one you had.”可知卖家又新邮寄一件裙子,正确答案为 B。 B Edward rose early on the New-year morning. He looked in every room and wished a Happy New Year to his family. Then he ran into the street to repeat that to those he might meet. When he came back, his father gave him two bright, new silver dollars . His face lighted up as he took them. He had wished for a long time to buy some petty books that he had seen at the bookstore. He left the house with a light heart, expecting to buy the books. As he ran down the street, he saw a poor family. ―I wish you a happy New Year.‖ said Edward, as he was happily passing on. The man shook his head. ―You are not from this country? ‖ said Edward. The man again shook his head, for he could not understand or speak his language. But he pointed to his mouth, and to the children shaking with cold, as if (好像)to say, ―These little ones have had nothing to eat for a long time‖ Edward quickly understood that these poor people were in trouble. He took out his dollars, and gave one to the man and the other to his wife. They were excited and said something in their language, which doubtless meant, ―We thank you so much that we will remember you all the time.‖ When Edward came home, his father asked what books he had bought. He hung his head a moment, but quickly looked up. ―I have bought no books,‖ said he, ―I gave my money to some poor people, who seemed to be very hungry then.‖ He went on, ―I think I can wait for my books till next New Year.‖ ―My dear boy,‖ said his father, ―Here are some books, more as a reward for your goodness of heart than as a New-Year gift‖. ―I saw you give the money cheerfully to the poor German family. It was nice for a little boy to do so. Be always ready to help others and every year of your life will be to you a Happy New Year.‖

48. Edward expected to ________ with the money he got from his father. A. help the poor family B. buy something to eat C. buy some pretty books D. learn another language

49. Why did the poor man shake his head when Edward spoke to him? A. He couldn’t understand the boy. B. He wouldn’t accept the money.

C. He didn’t like the boy’s language. 50. How much did Edward give the poor family? A. One dollar. B. Two dollars.

D. He was too cold to say anything.

C. Three dollars.

D. Four dollars.

51. We know that Edward ________ from the passage. A. got a prize for his kind heart B. had to buy his books next year D. got more money from his father

C. bought the books at the bookstore 【答案】 :48-51 CABA

【主旨大意】 :本篇是一个记叙文。主要记叙了一个叫 Edward 的小男孩,用父母给自己的两美元去帮助更需要的穷 人。最后小男孩不仅从爸爸那得到了喜欢的书作为新年礼物并且还得到了比新年礼物更重要的奖励——这就是善良 和他人的感谢的故事。 48. C【解析】 细节理解题。 Edward 期望用爸爸给他的钱去买________。 根据第三段第二句 ―He had wished for a long time to buy some pretty books. 可知答案,故选 C。 49. A 【解析】细节理解题。当 Edward 对这个穷人说话时,他为什么总是摇头?根据第六段第二句 ―The man again shook his head, for he could not understand or speak his language.‖ 可知他不懂孩子说的语言。故答案选 A。 50. B 【解析】细节理解题。Edward 给穷人家多少钱?根据第七段第二句 ―He took out his dollars, and gave one to the man , and the other to his wife‖和 第二段―When he came back, his father gave him two bright, new silver dollars‖可知,他 给穷人家里两美元。故选 B。 51. A【解析】 细节理解题。 通过这篇短文我们知道 Edward ________。 根据第十一段内容 My dear boy,‖ said his father, ―Here are some books, more as a reward for your goodness of heart than as a New-Year gift‖可知, 由于男孩的善良爸爸 给他买了书作为奖赏。故选 A。 C

DIY Your Own Desserts ◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆◆ We offer different kinds of classed to you all. A very popular class we are offering these 10 days is the class named ―DIY Your Own Desserts‖.

Can you imagine how happy your beloved one will be happy when you give him/her your DIY desserts on the special days like birthday, Mother ’s Day and Father ’s Day? Come to our class and make your own desserts. Give your beloved one some surprises!

The class runs daily and it is a completely hands-on personal cooking experience lasting up to 4 hours learning 3-4 recipes (食谱) each lesson. The teacher will first show how to cook different recipes in front of you. And then he will guide you on how to prepare and make the food.

At the end of the class you can either eat the meal prepared during the class or take it home with you. What’s more, you’ll be able to take home the copies of all the recipes.

Costs: $30 each lesson. You can start at any time. Go to our website to get more information about the class. You can either e-mail us or come to our office for attending it. 52. You can join the class if you like to ________. A. offer some recipes B. teach how to cook C. make desserts yourself D. get some surprises

53. You will _________ in the class. A. eat the meal with the teacher C. learn 2-3 recipes each lessons 54. You will pay _________ for five lessons. A. $30 B. $60 C. $120 D. $150 B. celebrate the special days

D. have a hands-on experience

55. How can you attend the class? A. Make a phone call to them. C. Get information from parents. 【答案】 :52-55 CDDB 【主旨大意】 : 本文是一篇广告。 主要是介绍 DIY Your Own Desserts 课程的主要内容以及课程的费用和报名的方式。 52. C 【解析】细节理解题。由第二段中 ―Come to our class and make your own desserts.‖ 可知,如果你想亲自做些甜 B. Send them an e-mail. D. Come to the class directly.

品,可以加入这个课程。本题难度较小。 53. D【解析】细节理解题。 由第三段中 ―The class runs daily and it is a completely hands-on personal cooking experience lasting up to 4 hours learning 3-4 recipes each lesson.‖ 可知,在这个课堂上,你可以有亲身实践的烹饪经历。本题难度 适中。 54. D 【解析】细节推断题。由文中 ―$30 each lesson‖ 可知,五节课需要$150。本题难度较小。 55. B 【解析】细节理解题。由文中 ―You can either e-mail us or come to our office for attending it‖ 可知,可以通过发 送邮件或直接去办公室报名参加。本题难度较小。 D ―Volunteering makes you look at the world differently. You see how little things can change a person’s life for the better, which makes everyone a better person.‖ Mason, a volunteer said. National Volunteer Week started in 1974 and is held every April. It is a time to thank volunteers for their achievements. It is also a perfect opportunity (机会) to encourage others to take their first step toward becoming a volunteer. Making the decision to take the first step can be the biggest problem, because they often wonder if they will be able to meet the organization’s expectations (期望). Some people fear not knowing anyone else in the group. Not having enough time also prevents some from sharing their abilities. The following tips can help if you have some of these worries. ★ Start out slowly, don’t add too much pressure. Even a few hours a month can make a big difference in someone’s life. ★ Choose an organization with the same interests and common values. ★ Take part in a training meeting for new volunteers, even if it is not asked. ★ Work with a veteran volunteer. He volunteered a lot, he can help you increase the confidence and completely understand the organization’s expectations. ★ Invite a friend or family member to serve. It is a good experience to volunteer with them. ★ Finally, it is most important to enjoy the volunteer experience and to remember that not all volunteer experiences are perfect. If one experience doesn’t work, don’t give up and you’ll surely find the right opportunity. Spend some time on volunteer work and you will see great changes in people’s lives. As Mason discovered during his volunteer experience, ―…little things can change a person’s life.‖ 56. Volunteering can help _________. A. make a decision C. thank other people B. see the world clearly D. make person’s life better

57. What could be the reason to stop people taking the first step? A. They don’t have enough time. B. They are prevented by their families. D. They don’t expect to become volunteers.

C. They fear that their abilities are shared.

58. Which of the following can help people take the first step? A. Start out quickly. C. Invite a friend to be with them. B. Organize a training meeting. D. Join in a group with different values.

59. The underlined word ―veteran‖ in the passage means ― _________ ‖. A. polite B. humorous C. young D. experienced

60. What is the main idea of the passage? A. To tell people to make changes in their lives. B. To encourage people to start their volunteering. C. How to make great achievements in volunteering. D. How to keep on volunteering whatever happened. 【答案】 :56-60 DACDB 【主旨大意】 :本篇文章是一篇议论文。通过阐述参加志愿者活动的益处以及如何帮助人们消除对参加志愿者活 动的顾虑从而鼓励人们参加志愿者活动。 56. D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段第二句 ―You see how little things can change a person’s life for the better ‖ 可知。本题难度适中。学生在选题时容易受到第一句的影响误选 B.但如果仔细看后面的句子不难选出正确答案。做 题时务必控制答题速度。 57. A【解析】 细节理解题。 根据第二段最后一句 ―Not having enough time also prevents some from sharing their abilities‖ 可知。本题难度较小。 58. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段后面★标注的几条建议,我们可以逐一排除错误选项。根据第五条建议中 提到的 ―Invite a friend or family member to serve‖ 可知。本题难度较小。 59. D 【解析】词义推断题。根据下划线单词 ―Veteran‖后面的句子 ―He volunteered a lot‖说明他参加了很多活动,也 就是经验丰富的意思。本题难度较小。 60. B 【解析】 主旨大意题。 通过最后一段第一句和最后一句―Spend some time on volunteer work and you will see great changes in people’s lives‖ ―...little things can change a person’s life‖说明参加志愿者活动的好处。可以推测出作者是要 鼓励人们参加志愿者活动。\ 得分 评卷人

2018 年河北省初中毕业生升学文化课考试

英 语 试 卷 卷 II (非选择题,共 45 分)
注意事项:1. 答卷 II 前,将密封线左侧的项目填写清楚。 2. 答卷 II 时,将答案用黑色自己的钢笔、签字笔或圆珠笔直接写在试卷上。 XI 题号 VIII IX X A B

得分

笔试部分
IX. 任务型阅读(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,计 10 分) 阅读短文,并按要求完成 66-70 题。 Artificial intelligence (AI) (人工智能) is growing rapidly. We are living in a world that depends more and more on AI. AI is a group of technologies that help machines get, understand and use information to do tasks. AI’s recent developments have got a lot of social attention. Some people have welcomed AI because it makes things possible. For example, AI will have a big influence on areas like medicine and engineering. But this attention has also produced a lot of fear. Especially, many workers are worrying that AI could make them lose their jobs. According to a recent study, nearly five percent of jobs will disappear because of AI. In some industries, AI is already doing the work that people used to do, such as assembling (装配) cars, digging the coal and lifting goods. Self-driving cars and trucks controlled by AI will also take away the driver’s jobs in the future. On the other hand, AI will also create many new jobs for people. More people will be needed to write programmers for AI systems ( 系统 ) and they will set up and work on them, too. Meanwhile, jobs that require feelings, excellent communication skills with people will not be replaced (取代) by AI. These includes jobs in fields like teaching, nursing and personal training. AI is here. It is changing how people live and work in many ways. That makes AI important to watch, not to fear. 66、67 题完成句子;68 题简略回答问题;69 题找出并写下第二段的主题句;70 题将问中画线句子译成汉语。 66. AI is ___________________________________ that help machines to do tasks. 67.____________________________________controlled by AI may make the drivers lose their jobs. 68. What will AI create for people? ___________________________________________________________________ 69. __________________________________________________________________ 70.__________________________________________________________________ 【答案】 : 66. A group of technologies 67. Self-driving cars and trucks 68. AI will also create many new jobs for people 69. AI’s recent developments have got a lot of social attention. 70. 人工智能在很多方面正在改变人们怎么样居住和工作。 【解析】 :

66.【解析】细节题,考察精确查找答案的能力。通过抓住关键词 help machine 很容易确定答案 67.【解析】细节题,根据第三段最后一句可以确定答案。 68.【解析】根据 create 关键词 可以确定区间为为第四段第一句话,从而确定主体。 69.【解析】考察对第二段文章主要内容的理解。 70.【解析】翻译时需要注意文章时态,以及关键词 how 和 it 的翻译。

X. 词语运用 (每小题 1 分,计 10 分) 根据短文内容及所给提示,在文中的空白处填写一个正确的单词。 June 15,2018 This morning I took a bus to school. The traffic was 71. ________ (busy) than usual and there were more people on the bus. At Xinhua Stop, I saw 72. ________ old man get on the bus. He looked very weak. I stood 73. ________ and gave my seat to him. He thanked me and asked me about my name and my school. We talked 74. ________ (happy). Later in the 75. ________ (three) class, Mr. Du came in and asked me to go to the front. I didn’t know 76. w________, so I was a little afraid. Everyone was looking at me. Then he told 77. _________ (they) what I did on the bus this morning. He 78. ________ (know) it because he got a phone call from the old man. Mr. Du said I could be a good example to my 79. ________ (classmate). It was really a good day 80.f________ me! I was so proud. 【答案】 : 71. busier 72. an 73. up 74. happily 75. third 76. why 77. them 78. knew 79. classmates 80. for 【主旨大意】 : 本篇文章主要讲述作者给老人让座, 老人给学校打电话表扬作者的行为以及作者受到表扬后的心 情。 【逐题解析】 : 71. busier 【解析】句意为:交通比平时繁忙,由 than 可知以用比较级 busier。 72. an 73. up 【解析】句意为:我看到 一个老人上车,由 old man 可知,用冠词 an. 【解析】句意为:我站起来,把座位让给老人。由 stood 可知,用 up.

74. happily 【解析】句意为:我们 高兴地交谈,修饰 talk 应该用 happy 的副词 happily。 75. third 【解析】句意为:后来在第三节节课,由 class 可知,用 three 的序数词 third。 76. why 【解析】 句意为:我不知道为什么 , 所以我有点害怕。由后面的 afraid 可知老师找学生,学生不知道

为啥,所以比较害怕。 77. them 【解析】句意为:他告诉他们今天早上我在公交车上所做的事。told 后面做宾语,用 they 的宾格 them。 78. knew 【解析】句意为:他知道这件事,是因为他接到老人的电话。由后面的动词 got 可知,用一般过去时, know 过去式为 knew. 79. classmates【解析】句意为:杜老师说对于我的同班同学们来说,我是个好榜样。同学不是一个人,所以用复 数 classmates。

80. for 【解析】句意为:对我来说,今天是美好的一天。由后面的我很骄傲可知,今天对作者来说,很美好。 由首字母 f___,可知用介词 for. XI. 基础写作(包括 A、B 两部分,A 部分 5 分,B 部分 15 分,共计 20 分) A) 连词成句 (共 5 小题, 每小题 1 分, 计 5 分) 将所给词语连成句子, 标点已给出。 要求:符合语法, 语句通顺, 大小写正确,词语不得重复使用。 81. it, outside, hot, is ______________________________________________________? 82. on time, to, remember, arrive ______________________________________________________. 83. for lunch, we, what, do, have ______________________________________________________? 84. a cup of, Lucy, me, tea, brought

______________________________________________________. 85. your, beautiful, are, how, kites ______________________________________________________! 【参考答案】 : 81. Is it hot outside? 82. Remember to arrive on time. 83. What do we have for lunch? 84. Lucy brought me a cup of tea. 85. How beautiful your kites are! 【逐题解析】 : 81. Is it hot outside? 【解析】句意为:外面的天气热吗?根据所给标点可知用疑问句。分析所给词汇可知是一般疑问句 , 系动词 is 提前, it 做主语,hot 做表语,outside 做地点状语。 82. Remember to arrive on time. 【解析】句意为:记得准时到达。根据所给的标点可知是陈述句。分析所给词汇可知是动词原形开头的祈使句, remember 是动词做谓语,to arrive 做宾语,on time 做时间状语。 83. What do we have for lunch? 【解析】句意为:我们中午吃什么?根据所给标点可知用疑问句。分析所给词汇可知是特殊疑问句,what 是特 殊疑问词,do 是助动词(引导一般疑问句) ,we 是主语,have for lunch 是固定搭配做谓语和宾语。 84. Lucy brought me a cup of tea.

【解析】句意为:露西带给我一杯咖啡。根据所给标点可知用陈述句。分析所给词汇,Lucy 做主语,brought 做谓语,me 是双宾中的间接宾语,a cup of tea 是直接宾语。 85. How beautiful your kites are! 【解析】句意为:你的风筝真漂亮。根据所给标点可知用感叹句。分析所给词汇是 how 引导的感叹句,how 是 感叹词,beautiful 是形容词,your kites 是主语,are 是谓语。 B)书面表达(计 15 分) 86. 请仔细观察下面的图片,并根据所给提示和要求写一篇短文。 提示: (1)What are the man and the woman doing? (2)What should you do when you see people litter like this? Why? 要求: (1)短文须包括所有提示内容,可适当发挥。 (2)短文中不要出现真实的地名、校名和人名。 (3)词数 80 个左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数) 。 参考词汇:throw, environment, civilized(文明的)

I can see a man and a woman in the picture. The man is_____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 【解析】 今年的英语书面表达与 2016 年河北中考书面表达模式相同,都是给出图片,由考生观察图片内容, 并根据提示和要求写出一篇 80 字左右的短文。今年的书面表达回归到我们一直关注的环保问题,描述图中一位男 士正在往地上扔垃圾,旁边的女士温馨提示,要把垃圾扔到垃圾箱,城市是我们的家园,呼吁大家一起保护环境!

要求考生描述图片内容,并写出如果是自己遇到这种情况该怎么做,并说明理由。 【本篇书面表达的写作思路】 : 1. 描述图片内容,男人的行为和女士的说话内容概括,要注意用现在进行时态。 2. 叙述当你看到这种行为该怎么做,写出自己的建议和做法,并陈述理由。这是文章详写的部分,引入到环保 的话题中。 可用到平时积累的建议类句型: 1) I think we should ... 2) We’d better (not) ... 3) It’s a good idea / way to ... 原因状语从句(because 引导)和时间状语从句(when 引导) 3. 结尾呼吁大家 (call on people) 采取行动 (take action),保护我们的环境。 15 分的作文,是否涵盖了材料中的所有内容,是否有语法错误,是否行文流畅,是否有恰当的连接词,是否有 生硬的汉语式表达。对于同学们如果想在写作方面拿到高分,请大家关注以下几个方面: 1. 务必保持卷面整洁,书写清晰,阅卷老师的第一印象极为重要。 2. 进行审题-列提纲-打草稿-修改-定稿的写作流程,尤其注意时态、人称和要点分段。 3. 好词、好句的积累,扩句练习和改错练习,学以致用。 4. 加强练习,多写多练,学会升级词汇,不用重复句型,注重从句的


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