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2016年高考英语试题汇编 完形填空


2016 年高考英语试题汇编(1) 完形填空部分
【题型要求】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 全国卷 I
(广东、安徽、河北、河南、山西、江西、福建、湖北、湖南、山东 10 省用)

A Heroic Driver Larry works with Transport Drivers, Inc. One morning in 2009, Larry was 41 along 165 north after delivering to one of his 42 . Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on. 43 he got closer, he found 44 vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed 45 shooting out from under the 46 vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 47 the fire extinguisher(灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out. The man who had his bright lights on 48 and told Larry he had 49 an emergency call. They 50 heard a woman‘s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle. 51 the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay 52 until the emergency personnel arrived, 53 she thought the car was going to 54 . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move 55 she injured her neck. Once fire and emergency people arrived, Larry and the other man 56 and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the 57 if he was needed or 58 to go. They let him and the other man go. One thing is 59 -Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His 60 most likely saved the woman‘s life. 41.A. walking B. touring C. traveling D. rushing 42.A. passengers B. colleagues C. employers D. customers 43.A. Since B. Although C. As D. If 44.A. each B. another C. that D. his 45.A. flames B. smoke C. water D. steam 46.A. used B. disabled C. removed D. abandoned 47.A. got hold of B. prepared C. took charge of D. controlled 48.A. came down B. came through C. came in D. came over 49.A. returned B. received C. made D. confirmed 50.A. then B. again C. finally D. even 51.A. Starting B. Parking C. Passing D. Approaching 52.A. quiet B. still C. away D. calm 53.A. for B. so C. and D. but 54.A. explode B. slip away C. fall apart D. crash 55.A. as if B. unless C. in case D. after 56.A. stepped forward B. backed off C. moved on D. set out 57.A. woman B. police C. man D. driver 58.A. forbidden B. ready C. asked D. free 59.A. for certain B. for consideration C. reported D. checked 60.A. patience B. skills C. efforts D. promise 【KEYS】CDCBA BADCA DBDAC BBDAC 全国卷 II
(甘肃、青海、西藏、黑龙江、吉林、辽宁、宁夏、新疆、内蒙古、陕西、重庆、海南 12 省市区用)

Hundreds of people have formed impressions of you through that little device (装置) on your desk. And they‘ve never actually 21 you. Everything they know about you 22 through this device, sometimes from

hundreds of miles away. powerful the 25 is.

23

they feel they can know you 26

24

from the sound of your voice. That‘s how

Powerful, yes, but not always agent whom I‘d never met 28 One morning, I had to 27 me. I sometimes wished to

. For years I dealt with my travel agent only by phone. Rani, my faceless

, got me rock-bottom prices on airfares, cars, and hotels. But her cold voice really 29 another agent. 31 . 33 smile, nodded

30 an immediate flight home for a family emergency. I ran into Rani‘s office 32 my madness, sympathetically jumped up. She gave me a immediately. ―What a wonderful lady!‖ I thought.

The woman sitting at the desk, Rushing out 35 turned around and saw a

while listening patiently, and then printed out the 34 36

I called out over my shoulder, ―By the way, what‘s your name?‖ ―I‘m Rani,‖ she said. I woman with a big smile on her face waving to wish me a safe trip. I was 38 . 39 ---her warm smile, her nods, 37 !

Why had I thought she was cold? Rani was, well, so her ?I‘m here for you‘ 40 21. A. accepted 22. A. came 23. A. Thus 24. A. rather 25. A. telephone 26. A. direct 27. A. in person 28. A. annoyed 29. A. promote 30. A. arrange 31. A. for the first time 32. A. expecting 33. A. shy 34. A. bill 35. A. hopefully 36. A. careful 37. A. amused 38. A. calm 39. A. forgiveness 40. A. explanation

Sitting back in the car on the way to the airport, I figured it all out. Rani‘s B. noticed B. moved B. Yet B. also B. voice B. useful B. by myself B. interested B. train B. postpone B. at any time B. seeing B. comforting B. form B. disappointedly B. serious B. worried B. nice B. eagerness B. attitude C. heard C. ran C. Then C. just C. connection C. easy C. in public C. discouraged C. find C. confirm C. from time to time C. testing C. familiar C. ticket C. gratefully C. nervous C. helpless C. proud C. friendliness C. concept

---were all silent signals that didn‘t travel through wires. D. met D. developed D. Indeed D. already D. impression D. accurate D. on purpose D. confused D. know D. book D. in good time D. avoiding D. forced D. list D. regretfully D. pleasant D. speechless D. clever D. skillfulness D. behavior

【KEYS】DABCA DAACD ABBCC DDBCB 全国卷 III
(广西、贵州、云南省区用)

When I was 13 my only purpose was to become the star on our football team. That meant King, who was the best 23 . 22 at our school.

21

Miller

Football season started in September and all summer long I worked out. I carried my football everywhere for Just before September, Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm. I went to see him after he come back

from

24 . He looked very

25

, but he didn`t cry. 27 the home games from the bench. We went 10-1 29 . going over a fence — which wasn`t 32 34 from. on 28 I often had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller`s

That season, I 26 all of Miller`s records while he and I was named most valuable player, 31

One afternoon, I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller 30 But even that challenge he accepted. I 33 filling in for 36 .‖ 38 ahead of me. I was right to have C. relying on C. teacher C. comfort C. hospital C. relaxed C. set C. organized C. but C. accident C. tried C. fun C. assistance C. had C. trapped C. quickly C. me C. attitudes C. yet C. invited C. cleverer

to climb if you had both arms. I`m sure I was the last person in the world he wanted to accept him move slowly over the fence. When we were finally

the other side, he said to me, ―You know, I didn`t tell you this during the season, but you did

35 .Thank you for

His words freed me from my bad 37 .I thought to myself, how even without an arm he was more of a leader. Damaged but not defeated, he was 40 and a little more real. B. beating out B. student B. show B. vacation B. calm B. broke B. judged B. then B. mistake B. hurt B. hard B. advice B. helped B. ready B. wrong B. yourself B. ideas B. also B. cured B. bigger D. staying with D. player D. pleasure D. training D. ashamed D. tried D. watched D. thus D. sacrifice D. lost D. fit D. apology D. noticed D. safe D. normally D. them D. dreams D. just D. admired D. cooler 21.A. cheering for 22.A.coach 23.A.practice 24.A.school 25.A. pale 26.A. held 27.A.reported 28.A.and 29.A. decision 30.A.stuck 31.A. steady 32.A.praise 33.A.let 34.A. dropped 35.A.fine 36.A. us 37.A.memories 38.A.still 39.A. challenged 40.A.healthier 39 him. From that day on, I grew

【KEYS】BDACA BDCCA BCBDA CDADB 北京卷 A Race Against Death It was a cold January in 1925 in Nome Alaska. The town was cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snow. On the 20th of that month, Dr. Welch 36 a sick boy, Billy, and knew he had diphtheria, a deadly infectious 37 38 if it struck the town. Dr. Welch , the closest supply was over 1,000 (传染的) disease mainly affecting children. The children of Nome would be needed medicine as soon as possible to stop other kids from getting sick. miles away, in Anchorage.

How could the medicine get to Nome? The town‘s Cars and horses couldn‘t travel on the 41 came up with a(n) 43 40

39

was already full of ice, so it couldn‘t come by ship. 42 . Nome‘s town officials

roads. Jet airplanes and big trucks didn‘t exist yet. 44 from Anchorage to Nenana. From there,

January 26, Billy and three other children had died. Twenty more were . They would have the medicine sent by 45

dogsled (狗拉雪橇) drivers — known as ―mushers‖— would rode all night. the most 48 46

it to Nome in a relay (接力).

The race began on January 27. The first musher, Shannon, picked up the medicine from the train at Nenana and he handed the medicine to the next musher, Shannon‘s face was black from the extreme cold. 47 a frozen body of water called Norton Sound .It was 49 , and so would the sick On January 31, a musher named Seppala had to

part of the journey. Norton Sound was covered with ice, which could sometimes break up without

warning. If that happened, Seppala might fall into the icy water below. He would children of Nome. But Seppala made it across.

A huge snowstorm hit on February 1.A musher named Kaasen had to brave this storm. At one point, huge piles of snow blocked his the ground, 52 50 . He had to leave the trail (雪橇痕迹) to get around them. Conditions were so bad that it 51 the trail again. The only hope was Balto, Kaasen‘s lead dog. Balto put his nose to 53 . He had found the trail. was impossible for him to

to find the smell of other dogs that had traveled on the trail. If Balto failed, it would mean 54 in Nome. Within minutes, Dr. Welch had the medicine.

disaster for Nome. The minutes passed by. Suddenly, Balto began to At 5:30 am on February 2, Kaasen and his dog Nome had been 36.A.examined 37.A.harmless 38.A.Moreover 39.A.airport 40.A.narrow 41.A.From 42.A.tired 43.A.plan 44.A.air 45.A.carry 46.A.Though 47.A.enter 48.A.shameful 49.A.escape 50.A.memory 51.A.find 52.A.pretending 53.A.run 54.A.gathered 55.A.controlled 55 . C. interviewed C. fearless C. Otherwise C. harbor C. busy C. By C. pale C. message C. sea C. mail C. When C. visit C. dangerous C. swim C. way C. pass C. asking C. bite C. camped C. founded He quickly gave it to the sick children. All of them recovered. B. warned B. helpless B. Therefore B. station B. snowy B. On B. upset B. excuse B. rail B. return B. Since B. move B. boring B. bleed B. exit B.fix B. trying B. leave B. stayed B. saved

D. cured D. careless D. However D. border D. dirty D. After D. sick D. topic D. road D. give D. If D. cross D. foolish D. die D. destination D. change D. learning D. play D. arrived D. developed

【KEYS】 ABDCB CDABA CDCDC ABADB

江苏卷 Years ago, a critical event occurred in my life that would change it forever. I met Kurt Kampmeir of Success Motivation Incorporation for breakfast. While we were __36 , Kurt asked me, ― John, what is your personal growth? Never at a loss for words, I tried to find things in my life that might many activities in which I was 39 . And I went into a 41 40 making. I must have talked for ten minutes. Kurt don‘t have a personal plan for growth, do you?‖ ―No,‖ I 43 . 44 process.‖ 46 to make myself better. And at that moment, I 48 . 50 her the 45 me. I wasn‘t doing anything 49 ―You know,‖ Kurt said simply, ―growth is not a(n) And that‘s when it made the 47 38 for growth. I told him about the 42 smiled and said, ―You about how hard I worked and the gains I was 37 for

patiently, but then he

: I will develop and follow a personal growth plan for my 51

That night, I talked to my wife about my workbook and tapes Kurt was selling. We 52

with Kurt and what I had learned. I

that Kurt wasn‘t just trying to make a sale. He was offering a 53 the resources. But more importantly,

for us to change our lives and achieve our dreams. 54 together as a couple. From that day on, we learned together, traveled together, 55 decision. While too many couples grow apart, we were growing together. C. thinking C. plan C. call C. lost C. discussion C. drank C. gratefully C. apologized C. independent C. pleased C. on sale C. decision C. performance C. negotiation C. showed C. recognized C. way C. give C. move C. firm BCABC CCBAD 上海卷 D. eating D. request D. qualify D. bathed D. debate D. explained D. finally D. complained D. changing D. hit D. on balance D. arrangement D. investment D. argument D. offered D. declared D. rule D. deliver D. gather D. wise

Several important things happened that day. First, we decided to we made a commitment to 36.A.working 37.A.suggestion 38.A.appeal 39.A.involved 40.A.lecture 41.A.calculated 42.A.eagerly 43.A.admitted 44.A.automatic 45.A.confused 46.A.on loan 47.A.comment 48.A.life 49.A.contract 50.A.lent 51.A.recalled 52.A.tool 53.A.provide 54.A.grow 55.A.difficult 【KEYS】DCDA B and sacrificed together. It was a B. preparing B. demand B. look B. trapped B. speech B. listened B. gradually B. interrupted B. slow B. informed B. on purpose B. announcement B. progress B. conversation B. sold B. defined B. method B. buy B. survive B. random BDAAD

In the 1960s, Douglas McGregor, one of the key thinkers in the art of management, developed the most famous

Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X is the idea that people instinctively In any case, despite so much evidence to the 53 imposed from 54

51

work and will do anything to avoid it.

Theory Y is the view that everyone has the potential to find satisfaction in work. 52 , many managers still agree to Theory X. They believe, , that their employees need constant supervision if they are to work effectively, or that decisions must be without consultation. This, of course, makes for authoritarian (专制的) managers. 55 people. Unlike authoritarian management, some cultures, Different cultures have different ways of work group are asked to 56

particularly in Asia, are well known for the consultative nature of decision-making—all members of the department or to this process. This is management by the collective opinion. Many western 57 . Some experts companies have tried to imitate such Asian ways of doing things, which are based on general in a way that traditional without 59 58 managers cannot. 60

say that women will become more effective managers than men because they have the power to reach common goals A recent trend has been to encourage employees to use their own initiative, to make decisions on their own managers first. This empowerment (授权) has been part of the trend towards downsizing: 61 the number of management layers in companies. After de-layering in this way, a company may be takes the idea of delegation (委托) much further than has mean new forms of management control to Another trend is off-site or 64 63 62 with just

a top level of senior managers, front-line managers and employees with direct contact with the public. Empowerment been the case. Empowerment and delegation that the overall business plan is being followed, and that

operations become more profitable under the new organization, rather than less. management, where teams of people linked by e-mail and the Internet 65 of the team members in terms of work on projects from their own houses. Project managers evaluate the 51. A. desire 52. A. contrary 53. A. vice versa 54. A. outside 55. A. replacing 56. A. refer 57. A. agreement 58. A. bossy 59. A. asking 60. A. doubling 61. A. honoured 62. A. economically 63. A. deny 64. A. virtual 65. A. opinion B. seek B. expectation B. for example B. inside B. assessing B. contribute B. practice B. experienced B. training B. maintaining B. left B. traditionally B. admit B. ineffective B. risk C. lose C. degree C. however C. below C. managing C. object C. election C. western C. warning C. reducing C. crowded C. inadequately C. assume C. day-to-day C. performance 四川卷 Lainey finished third grade. She had good grades and could read 41 grade level, but she did not like to 42 . But read. On a family car trip, her Aunt Dede pulled out a copy of Harry Potter, as a surprise for her

what they produce for projects, rather than the amount of time they spend on them. D. dislike D. extreme D. otherwise D. above D. encouraging D. apply D. impression D. male D. firing D. estimating D. compared D. occasionally D. ensure D. on-the-scene D. attractiveness

【KEYS】DABDC BADAC BBDAC

Lainey took one look at it, class were 45

43

her eyes, and said, ―Borring!‖ 44 47 the youngest children in the joined in grand conversations 46 with great interest and then

Aunt Dede, a teacher, had read the book to her students, and they loved it. by the story. They 48 about Harry`s adventures. ―How can you say it`s ? Have you read it? ‖ asked Aunt Dede. 49 .‖ complained Lainey. ―No, it`s too long and it doesn`t have any ―Oh, that`s where you are read the words to Another 55 53 51 them. It`s like magic.‖ 52 from the back seat. was in order. ―Well, if you don‘t want to read it, give it 56 were coming from the back seat:―Please read a little 58

50 ; there are lots of pictures. Every page is full of pictures; you just have to

―Nice try , Aunt Dede,‖ Lainey replied

54 57

. Maybe your mom would .‖ 59 about reading when

hearing the story.‖ The book sailed through the air to Aunt Dede and she began to read it aloud. By the end reader. As shown here, Lainey can become

of the first chapter, 60

Lainey is an example of an reading process. 41.A.within 42.A.daughter 43.A.opend 44.A.Even 45.A.surpriesd 46.A.read 47.A.suspectedly 48.A.amazing 49.A.pictures 50.A.crazy 51.A.see 52.A.sourly 53.A.idea 54.A.away 55.A.enjoy 56.A.decisions 57.A.more clearly 58.A.Unpleasant 59.A.astonished 60.A.Presented B. on B. niece B. dried B. Still

with literature on topics that interest her, and when the people around her model involvement in the C. to C. student C. rolled C. Just C. puzzled C. listened C. calmly C. ridiculous C. adventures C. wrong C. show C. eagerly C. belief C. in C. mind C. comments C. louder C. unwilling C. confused C. disturbed 天津卷 D. above D. friend D. shaded D. Yet D. attracted. D. wrote D. enthusiastically D. conversations D. conversations D. different D. recognize D. shyly D. behavior D. back D. finish D. promises D. more carefully D. independent D. excited D. replaced

B. annoyed B. told B. anxiously B. boring B. stories B. foolish B. match B. patiently B. try B. out B. admit B. requests B. longer B. Innocent B. worried B. concerned

【KEYS】DBCAD CDBAC AABDA BCCDA The journey my daughter Cathy has had with her swimming is as long as it is beautiful. Cathy suffered some terrible became healthy. Two years ago, while Cathy was watching the Olympics, a dream came into her sweet little head — to be a 16 in her early childhood. After years of regular treatment, she 17

swimmer. Last summer, she wanted to team practice, 20

18

out local swim team. She practiced hard and finally 21 22

19

it. The

was a rough start. She coughed and choked and could hardly 23

her first few weeks.

Hearing her coughing bitterly one night, I decided to morning, wearing her swimsuit refused to 24 and insisted she go .

her from it all. But Cathy woke me up early next

to go! I told her she shouldn‘t swim after a whole night‘s coughing, but she 25 a single practice. She had a 28 26 intention

From that day on, Cathy kept swimming and didn‘t 27

within herself to be the best she could be. My ten-year-old was growing and changing right before my eyes, into this human being with a passion and a mission. There were moments of of course: often she would be 29 - ever. But that didn‘t the last swimmer in the race. It was difficult for Cathy to accept that she wasn‘t a stop her from trying. Then came the final awards ceremony at the end of the year. Cathy didn‘t expect any award but was still there to 30 her her friends and praise their accomplishments. As the ceremony was nearing the end, I suddenly heard the 31 , ―The highest honor goes to Cathy!‖ Looking around, he continued, ―Cathy has inspired us with and enthusiasm. 34 33 skills and talents bring great success, the most valuable asset(财富)one can 35 in her ten years, this was the 32 head coach

hold is the heart.‖ It was the greatest 16. A. failure 17. A. usually 18. A. improve 19. A. increased 20. A. however 21. A. use 22. A. pull 23. A. afraid 24. A. take off 25. A. attend 26. A. rich 27. A. trusted 28. A. frustration 29. A. beginner 30. A. cheer on 31. A. admitting 32. A. humor 33. A. Although 34. A. discovery 35. A. through 【KEYS】DBCDA of my daughter‘s life. With all she hade been B. pressure B. finally B. train B. found B. therefore B. survive B. tell B. nervous B. set off B. miss B. weak B. determined B. delight B. learner B. compete with B. explaining B. will B. Since B. choice B. under BACCB CBADA C. loss C. firstly C. join C. created C. otherwise C. save C. hide C. ready C. give up C. ban C. firm C. experienced C. excitement C. partner C. respond to C. announcing C. honesty C. Once C. influence C. across CBADA 浙江卷 22 been so unhappy. My husband was ordered out on a hour of true triumph (成功). D. illness D. frequently D. contact D. made D. instead D. waste D. fire D. free D. show up D. Start D. kind D. embarrassed D. surprise D. winner D. run after D. whispering D. wisdom D. Because D. moment D. around

During the war, my husband was stationed at an army camp in a desert in California. I went to live there in order to be 21 him. I hated the place. I had never

long-term duty, and I was left in a tiny shack (棚屋) alone. The heat was a cactus (仙人掌). 24 breathed, were 25 with sand, sand, sand!

23

-almost 1250F even in the shade of

a soul to talk to. The wind blew non-stop, and all the food I ate, and the very air I 26 and coming back home. I said I with just two lines - two

I was so sorry for myself that I wrote to my parents. I told them I was couldn‘t stand it one minute longer. I 27 lines that will always sing in my 29 Two men looked out from prison bars. One saw the mud ,the other saw the stars. I read those two lines my present 31 which they had sunsets, and 35 . What brought about this 36 34 30

be in prison! My father answered my 28

- two lines that completely changed my life:

I was ashamed of myself. I made up my mind I would find out what was good in 32 amazed me. They gave me presents of their favorite artworks

; I would look for the stars. 33 to sell to tourists. I studied the delightful forms of the cactus. I watched for the desert

I made friends with the natives, and their

for seashells that had been left there millions of years ago when the desert had been an ocean change in me? The desert hadn‘t changed, 37 39 40 I had. I had changed my of my life. I was excited the stars.

38 . And by doing so, I changed an unhappy experience into the most amazing by this new world that I had discovered I had looked out of my self-created prison and 21. A. off 22. A. before 23. A. inflexible 24. A. Only 25. A. covered 26. A. catching up 27. A. ought to 28. A. request 29. A. comparison 30. A. over and over 31. A. company 32. A. movement 33. A. refused 34. A. asked 35. A. floor 36. A. shocking 37. A. as 38. A. attitude 39. A. vacation 40. A. sought B. behind B. already B. incomprehensible B. Not B. filled B. keeping up B. might well B. call B. imagination B. by and by B. occupation B. reaction B. failed B. hunted B. surface B. challenging B. but B. principle B. operation B. counted C. near C. then C. uncontrollable C. Many C. buried C. giving up C. would rather C. question C. consideration C. up and down C. situation C. guidance C. managed C. waited C. rock C. puzzling C. for C. identity C. affair C. found D. beyond D. still

D. unbearable D. Such D. charged D. getting up D. had better D. letter D. memory D. now and then D. relationship D. purpose D. happened D. headed D. level D. astonishing D. or D. standard D. adventure D. reached

【KEYS】CADBB CCDDA CBABA DBADC

2016 年高考英语试题汇编(2) 语法填空部分

【题型要求】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 全国卷 I Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia‘s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top 61 (attract). So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where pocket money helps pay for research. I 62 (allow) to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be 63 (official) given to me at a ceremony in London. But my connection with pandas goes back 64 my days on the TV show in the mid-1980s, 65 I was the first Western TV reporter 66 (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include 67 (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research centre in the misty mountains of Bifengxia. On my recent visit, I held a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by 68 mother. The nursery team switches him every few 69 (day) with his sister so that the one is being bottle-fed, 70 other is with mum – she never suspects. 【KEYS】61. attraction 62. was allowed 63. officially 64. to 65. when 66. permitted 67. introducing 68. his 69. days 70. the 全国卷 II If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别)those of (great) and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so you‘ll feel a real sense of Leaving the less important things until tomorrow Most of us are more focused start and try to be as productive Recent 45 44 43 (be) often acceptable. 41 42 (achieve).

our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day. So, get an early possible before lunch. This will give you the confidence you need to get 47 (regular).

you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished. 46 (study) show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks 48 49 Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for while, exercising, or dong something you enjoy. (bring) your work 50 (make) sure it‘s a relief

If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you‘ll be less likely home. It could be anything - gardening, cooking, music, sports - but whatever it is, from daily stress rather than another thing to worry about. 【KEYS】41. greater 46. studies 42. achievement 47. regularly 43. is 48. a 44. on 49. to bring 全国卷 III 45. as 50. make

In much of Asia, especially the so-called ―rice bowl‖ cultures of China, Japan, Korea, is usually eaten with chopsticks.

41

Vietnam, food

Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might designs. The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their rood in large pots, 44 (use) twigs (树枝) to remove it. Over time, 45 the population grew, people began cutting food into 46 47 (gradual) turned into chopsticks. lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 42 (make) of gold and 43 (create) special silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal

influenced the 49 hands.

48

(develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 50 their

(be) too violent for use at the table. Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat

【KEYS】41.and 46.gradually

42.be made 47.who

43.to create 48.development 上海卷 (A) Bags of Love

44.using 49.were

45.as/when 50.with

Last year, I was assigned to work at an office near my mother‘s house, so I stayed with her for a month. During that time, I helped out with the housework and contributed to the groceries. After less than a week, I started noticing that the groceries were running out pretty quickly — we were always suddenly out of something. (25)_______(wonder) how my mum could consume them so quickly, I began observing her daily routine for two weeks. To my surprise, I found that she would pack a paper bag full of canned goods and head out every morning at about nine. Eventually, I decided to follow her and (26)_______ happened truly amazed me. She was taking the food to the refugee camp, in (27)______ she distributed it to children. I asked around and found out that my mum was very well known in the area. The kids were very friendly with her and even looked up to her as if she were their own mother. Then it hit me —why would she not want to tell me about what she (28)_____(do)? Was she worried about how I would react or that I would stop (29)_____(buy) the groceries if I found out? When she got home, I told her about my discovery. (30)_____ she could react, I gave her a big hug and told her she didn‘t need to keep it a secret (31)______ me. She told me that some of the children lived with an older lady in a shelter while others slept on the streets. For years, my mum has been helping out by giving them whatever food she could spare. I was so impressed by (32)_____ selfless she was. 【KEYS】25. Wondering 26. what 27. which 28. had done 29. buying (B) Stress: Good or Bad? Stress used to be an almost unknown word, but now that we are used to talking about it, I have found that people are beginning to get stressed about being stressed. In recent years, stress (33)______(regard) as a cause of a whole range of medical problems, from high blood pressure to mental illness. But like so many other things, it is only too much stress (34)______ does you harm. It is time you considered that if there were no stress in your life, you would achieve a little. If you are stuck at home with no stress, then your level of performance will be low. Up to a certain point, the more stress you are under, the (35)_____(good) your performance will be. Beyond a certain point, though , further stress will only lead to exhaustion, illness and finally a breakdown. You can tell when you are over the top and on the downward slope, by asking yourself (36)_______ number of questions. Do you, for instance, feel that too much is being expected of (37)______, and yet find it impossible to say no? Do you find yourself getting impatient or (38) _____(annoy) with people over unimportant things?... If the answer to all those questions is yes, you had better (39)______(control ) your stress, as you probably are under more stress than is good for you. To some extent you can control the amount of stress in your life. Doctors have worked out a chart showing how much stress is involved in various events. Getting married is 50, pregnancy 40, moving house 20, Christmas 12,etc. If the total stress in your life is over 150, you are twice as likely (40)_______ (get )ill. 【KEYS】33. has been regarded 34. that 35. better 36. a 37. you 38. annoyed 39. control 40. to get 30. Before 31. from 32. how

四川卷 The giant panda 61 (love) by people throughout the world. Chinese scientists 63 64 62 (recent) had a chance to study a wild female panda with a newborn baby. She was a very her baby, not even to find something baby constantly to keep it clean. Any smell might attract natural (care) mother. For 25days, she never left

(eat)! She would not let any other pandas come near. She licked the 65 (enemy) that would try to eat the little 66 it cried, she 67

comforting pats. The mother held the baby in her front paws much the way a human does. more than two years. By that time, the panda no longer needed panda away. It was time for her to have a new baby, 【KEYS】61. is loved 66. When/If 62. recently 67. for 68. its 70

rocked it back and forth and gave it little comforting pats, The mother continued to care for the young panda her and leaned about the ways of the forest. Then, after two and a half years, the mother 63. caring/careful 64. to eat 69. drove 65. enemies 70. and

68 (it) mother for food. However, it stayed with 69 (drive) the young

it was also time for the young panda to be independent.

2016 年高考英语试题汇编(3) 短文改错部分
【题型要求】文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 全国卷 I My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady. 【KEYS】 that→ where dreams 后加 of 去掉 but had→ have honest→ honesty or→ and using→ used. the→ a our→ his steady→ steadily 全国卷 II The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot. 【答案】1.how 改为 what 2.chose 改为 choose 3.take 改为 taking 4.but 改为 and 5.about 后加 the

6.your 改为 our 7.knowledges 改为 knowledge 8.删除 can 或 can 改为 should

9.thought 改为 think

10.many 改为 much 全国卷 III

The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me . They were also the best and worse years in my life . At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn‘t seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time , I even felt my parents couldn‘t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help. 【KEYS】51.year—years 52.worse—worst 53.the 去掉 56.tell—told 57.freely—free 58.wear—wearing 四川卷 54.yourself—myself 55.such—so 59.to—for 60.I ∧need

It is Mother‘s Day today. Though it‘s a western festival, it‘s popular in China now. Mom has a full-time job, so she has to do most of the houseworks. She is a great mother. Both Dad or I planned to do something on Mother‘s Day. We get up early in the morning. Dad cleaned the house, and then went on shopping. When he came back, I found a bunch of flowers in her hand. I asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in kitchen.The dishes what I cooked were Mom‘s favoritiest. At dinner, we said to her, ―Happy Mother‘s Day!‖Mom was grateful and moving. 【KEYS】so-but houseworks-housework or-and get-got went on –went her-his kitchen-the kitchen what-that/which(去掉 what) favoritest-favorite moving-moved 浙江卷 When I was a very young children, my father created a regular practice I remember well years late. Every time he arrived home at end of the day ,we‘d greet het at the door. He would ask who we was and pretend not to knowing us, Then he and my mother would have had a drink while she prepared dinner and they would talk about his day and hers. While they chat, my father would lift my sister and me up to sit in the top of the fridge. It was both excited and frightening to be up there! My sister and I thought he was so cool for putting us there. 【KEYS】children-child have had – had late-later end- the end her-him was-were knowing-know chat-chatted in-on excited-exciting

2016 年高考英语试题汇编(4) 书面写作部分
全国卷 I 假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外资公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历(resume) 。给外教 Ms. Jenkins 写信,请她帮你修改所附材料的文字和格式(format) 。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【参考范文】 Dear Ms. Jenkins, I‘m Li Hua and I plan to take a part-time job in a foreign company during the summer holiday. I have already

filled in the application form and had my resume ready for it. However, I am not sure about the words and format. Therefore, I am writing to ask for your help and professional advice. Would you please spare some time to read through the materials attached? Would you mind finding out the mistakes in terms of words and format? Besides, I‘d like you to correct the mistakes found in the materials. I would much appreciate it if you could do me a favor. I am looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua 全国卷 II 假定你是李华,你校摄影俱乐部(photography club)将举办国际中学摄影展。请给你的英国朋友 Peter 写封 信。请他提供作品。信的内容包括: 1.主题:环境保护; 2.展览时间; 3.投稿邮箱:intlphotoshow@gmschool.com. 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【答案】 Dear Peter, Our school photography club is going to hold an International High School student Photography Show. The theme of the show is environmental protection. It will start from June 15th and last three weeks. Any students who is interested in welcome to participate. I know you take good pictures and you've always wanted to do something for environmental protection. I remember you showed me some photos on that theme the last time you visited our school. This is surely a good chance for more people to see them. If you want to join, you can send your photos to intlphotoshow@gm.school.com. Hope to hear from you soon. Yours Li hua 全国卷 III 假定你是李华,与留学生朋友 Bob 约好一起去书店,因故不能赴约。请给他写封邮件,内容包括: 1.表示歉意; 2.说明原因; 3.另约时间。 注意:1.词数 100 左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【参考范文】 Dear Bob, I‘m sorry to say that I cannot go to the bookstore with you on Friday afternoon. I have just found that I have to attend an important class meeting that afternoon. I hope the change will not cause you too much trouble. Shall we go on Saturday morning? We can set out early so that we‘ll have more time to read and select books. If it‘s convenient for you, let‘s meet at 8:30 outside the school gate. If not, let me know what time suits you best. I should be available any time after school next week. Yours, Li Hua 北京卷 第一节(15 分) 假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你的英国朋友 Jim 在给你的邮件中提到他对中国历史很感兴趣,并请 你介绍一位你喜欢的中国历史人物。请你给 Jim 回信,内容包括:学科&网 1. 该人物是谁; 2. 该人物的主要贡献; 3. 该人物对你的影响。 注意:1. 词数不少于 50;2. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Jim, __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

Yours, Li Hua 第二节 ( 20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华。你班同学参加了学校的―地球日‖系列活动。请按照以下四幅图 的先后顺序,以―Actions for a Greener Earth‖为题,给校刊―英语角‖写一篇英文稿件,介绍活动的全过程。 注意:词数不少于 60。提示词:地球日 Earth Day 上海卷 I. Translation: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1.我真希望自己的文章有朝一日能见报。 (hope) 2.二十世纪末中国经济迅速发展。 (witness) 3.为买一双运动鞋而通宵排队有意义吗?(point) 4.虽然当时我年幼,不理解这部电影的含义,但我记得我的家人都感动得落泪了。 (too…to…) 5.我阿姨苦读四年之后获得了文凭,那一刻她欣喜万分。 (The moment…) II. Guided Writing Write an English composition in 120~150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假设你是中华中学学生姚平,最近参加了一项研究性学习调研,课题为―父母是否以子女为荣‖。通过调 研你校学生及其父母,结果发现双方对此问题的看法有差异(数据如图所示) 。根据图表写一份报告,在报 告中,你必须: 1. 描述调研数据; 2. 分析可能导致这一结果的原因。

四川卷 某中学生英文报正举办“The Season I Like Best”的征文活动。请用英文写一篇短文投稿,内容包括: 1. 你最喜欢的季节; 2. 你喜欢该季节的两条理由(如:气候、景色、活动、感受??) 。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右;2. 题目已为你写好;3. 行文连贯,语篇完整;4. 文中不得透露个人真实信息。 天津卷 假设你是晨光中学的学生会主席李津。一批来自英国的高中生与你校学生开展了为期两周的交流活动。 现在,他们即将回国,你将在欢送会上致辞。请根据以下提示写一篇发言稿。 (1) 回顾双方的交流活动(如学习、生活、体育、文艺等方面) ; (2) 谈谈收获或感情; (3) 表达祝愿语期望。 注意: (1) 词数不少于 100; (2) 可适当加入细节,是内容充实、行文连贯; (3) 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear friends, How time flies! Thank you. 【参考答案】 浙江卷


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