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Using language-Reading speaking and writing


Unit 1

Using language Reading, speaking and writing

A letter to an architect

To help the disabled, from the reading text (on p2.), we know we should:
never feel sorry for them never make fun of them not ignore them accept them for who they are give them encouragement to live a colorful life develop some accessible public accommodations for the disabled

? Disabled people may meet with

some embarrassing situations in public buildings. Can you give some examples?
? What

can we do to make they feel better?

Do you often go to the cinema? If you feel that the cinema is not so convenient for the disabled, will you raise some suggestions to the architect?

How can we help disabled people in a cinema? * hearing-impaired people * elderly or disabled people by car * people in wheelchairs

Solutions :

escalators自动扶梯

People in wheelchairs

Reading
Read the letter and list the suggestions the writer put forward. 1. Adequate access for wheelchairs. 2. Earphones for people who have trouble hearing. 3. Raised seating. 4. Toilets. 5. Car parking.

True or False
1 Alice Major will be the architect for the new Bankstown cinema. F 2 The lifts should be at the back of the cinema. F 3 Every seat should have s set of earphones so that the disabled customers don’t have to sit in a special area. T 4 Disabled customers would be pleased if they can find and use the toilets easily. T 5 Good access for the disabled people will only benefit the cinema owners. F

Choose the best answers.
? 1 The writer writes this letter to give her suggestions about designing____. ? A a lift in a cinema ? B a cinema ? C a parking lot ? D an access to a cinema

2 From the passage, we can see the writer is a(n)___. A disabled person B famous person C able-bodied person D a person from Cambridge Street

3 Which of the following adjectives is not used in the passage about the equipment or facilities(设施)? 设施)? 设施 A handy B easy C convenient D comfortable

4 Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word: dignity”____ A self-respect B pride C politeness D good manners

5 Who will be happy if the cinema is designed as the writer suggests? A The people in the wheelchair B The hearing-impaired customers C The cinema owners and the disabled people D The able-bodied people

Language points
1. …that you are to be the architect for the new Bankstown cinema. 句中的动词不定式to 句中的动词不定式 be the architect for … 作表语。 作表语。 他的任务是抹窗户扫地。 他的任务是抹窗户扫地。 His task is to clean the floor and the windows.

2. I hope you will not mind me writing … mind: v. 介意;反对 介意; mind doing sth.: 介意做某事 mind sb. doing sth= mind one’s doing sth. mind me writing= mind my writing 你介意我把电视台换到8台吗 台吗? 你介意我把电视台换到 台吗? Would you mind me/my switching the television to channel 8? never mind 不要紧 mind one’s own business 少管闲事

3. Adequate access for wheelchairs. adequate: adj.足够的 充分的 适当的 适合的 足够的,充分的 适当的,适合的 足够的 充分的;适当的 We took adequate food for the short holiday. I want a salary adequate to support my family. I hope you will prove adequate to the job.

词义辨析 adequate/enough/sufficient
1.enough 和sufficient 在含义上几乎没有差异,指 在含义上几乎没有差异, 充分的;足够的” “充分的;足够的”,表示数量完全满足需要或 期望。一般enough 比sufficient 使用更普遍。 使用更普遍。 期望。一般 而在用法上, 而在用法上,enough 后面既可以加可数名词也 可以加不可数名词。 可以加不可数名词。如:enough people 足够人 足够的金钱。 数;enough money 足够的金钱。而sufficient 后面一般只能加不可数名词。 后面一般只能加不可数名词。如:sufficient sunlight, water and oxygen 充足的阳光、水和 充足的阳光、 氧气; 充分调查。 氧气;sufficient investigation 充分调查。但也 可以用于少数可数名词, 可以用于少数可数名词,如: sufficient funds 足够的资金; 足够的资金; sufficient foreign exchange reserves 足够的外 汇储备。 汇储备。

? adequate 虽然也表示“足够的;充分的”,但是与 虽然也表示“足够的;充分的” enough 和sufficient 二词之间有着细微差异。主要体 二词之间有着细微差异。 内涵是 合理的、 现在以下两点: 现在以下两点:(i) adequate 的内涵是:合理的、公平 的或不苛刻的,在主观上并不一定是让人满足的, 的或不苛刻的,在主观上并不一定是让人满足的,有时 往往指满足一个最低或客观标准。 往往指满足一个最低或客观标准。如:His wages are adequate to support three people. 这句话说的是: 这句话说的是: 他的工资够养活3个人的 个人的。 这些钱养活3个人够得上 他的工资够养活 个人的。即,这些钱养活 个人够得上 一般生活水平。 一般生活水平。但这些钱可能并不能满足他心里的期望 而,He has enough money to spend. 他有足够的钱 让他去花。 即表示他的钱完全能够满足他的需要。 让他去花。 即表示他的钱完全能够满足他的需要。 (ii) adequate 在表示“充分、足够”时包含了“公平、合 在表示“充分、足够”时包含了“公平、 适当”的意思,其并不单单指数量, 理、适当”的意思,其并不单单指数量,更倾向于表示 质量、标准或要求。 质量、标准或要求。如:adequate compensation 适 当补偿; 当补偿;adequate remedy at law 法律上的充分救济 充分的船员配备; ;adequate manning 充分的船员配备;adequate disclosure 充分披露。因此在指数量上的足够时,一 充分披露。因此在指数量上的足够时, 般用enough 或sufficient 。 般用

the form of a suggestion letter
Heading: This includes the address, line by line with the date being the last line. Greeting: The greeting ends with a comma. Body: 1st part: tells the receiver the purpose of your letter. 2nd part: your suggestion 3rd part: asks the receiver to consider your suggestions and encourage him / her to take your suggestions. Complimentary close: begins with a capital letter and ends with a comma. Signature: your name

Sample writing
Dear Mr. Smith, I read in the newspaper that you are the architect who is to design the new supermarket in our suburb. I am writing to ask you to consider the matter of easy use of the supermarket by people in wheelchairs. In particular, I would like you to consider the following things: 1. Width of aisles. Can you please make sure that the aisles are wide enough to allow wheelchairs to pass through. In some supermarkets the aisles are so narrow that a person in a wheelchair can not move along them easily.

2. Height of shelves. Can you please design shelves that can be reached by people in wheelchairs. In some supermarkets people in wheelchairs have to ask other shoppers to help them. This takes away their independence. 3. Lifts to other floors. Lifts should be in places that people in wheelchairs can get to easily. It is very difficult if lifts are right at the back of the shop and people have to go up and down the shelves before they get to it. 4. Car parks. I hope you will leave some car spaces close to the front of the shop for people in wheelchairs. It is very difficult if they have to park a long way away from the shop and wheel themselves over rough ground to the entrance.

Thank you for reading my letter. I hope you will consider my suggestions. Disabled people should have the same opportunities as ablebodied people to shop independently and they should be able to do so with dignity. I am sure many people will admire your supermarket if you design it with good access for disabled people. The supermarket owners will also be happy as more people will be able to shop there. Yours sincerely, Julia

Homework
1. Revise the reading passage; 2. Suppose an art exhibition will be held in our town, what good suggestions will you give? Write a letter of suggestion.

Read the letter again and in pairs discuss the questions before writing the answers. 1. What is the purpose of the first paragraph of the letter? To tell the reader the purpose of the letter. 2. Why do you think the writer has numbered her suggestions and used italics? The writer has used numbers and a title in italics for each paragraph to organize the ideas and to make it easier for the reader to understand and remember the five suggestions.

3. What is the purpose of the last paragraph? To finish the letter in a polite way and to put forward some reasons why the architect should consider the writer’s suggestions.

access: n. 通道 入口;进入 接近 的机会 通道, 入口;进入, 接近(的机会 的机会) The only access to the farmhouse is across the fields. As her private secretary, he has access to all her correspondence. Citizens may have free access to the library. accessible: adj. 可得到的, 可进入的, 易接近的 可得到的 可进入的 This island is accessible only by boat. A manager should be accessible to his staff.

4. meet with:会晤 遇到 经受 符合 会晤, 会晤 遇到, 经受;符合 The President met with the visiting officials at breakfast. No matter what difficulty you will meet with, carry out your plan. Her proposal met with a lot of resistance. The plan seems to meet with their ideas.

The writer uses polite forms in the letter. Polite forms are used to encourage the reader to take the ideas seriously. Underline the examples of the polite forms in this letter. Examples: I hope you will not mind me writing to ask I wonder if ... It would be handy to have lifts ....

In groups discuss how accessible your community is for people with disabilities. Then discuss ways in which such access could be improved. Make a list of your ideas and think of some good reasons.

Discuss the problems that people with walking difficulties might have in a cinema.


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