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人教版高中英语必修一高一英语校本作业:unit2单元测试题1

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) (略) 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. — How was your weekend? — Great! We ______ a picnic by the lake. A. have B. are having C. had D. will have 22. He looked at the envelope and __________ Jenny’s handwriting immediately. A. understood B. knew C. recognized D. recovered 23. A large number of students in our school ____ from the countryside; the number _____ growing these years. A. is; has been B. are; has been C. is; have been D. are; have been 24. Washington D.C., the capital of the United States, is one of ______ cities in the world. A. the biggest B. bigger C. much bigger D. big 25. One of her American friends asked her, “Would you please ______ to my apartment for a visit?” A. come up B. keep up C. put up D. catch up 26. — Excuse me? ______ — It is over there, near the bus stop. A. How do you like the cinema? B. May I ask you the way? C. Where is the Bank of China? D. How far is the market from here? 27. The ______ from England to India used to take more than six months as there were storms and huge waves at times. A. travel B. journey C. trip D. voyage 28. — Mum, ______ I play computer games? — Yes, you can. But you have to finish your homework first. A. must B. may C. will D. need

29. English has become the most wildly spoken language in the world ______ its special role as an international language. A. because B. from C. with D. because of 30. Chinese is also spoken in many other countries in Asia, ______ Singapore and Malaysia. A. for example B. such as C. instead of D. according to 31. American English has so many _________ because the American people have come from all over the world. A. grammar B. vocabulary C. pronunciations D. dialects 32. I don’t know ______ tomorrow. Can you tell me? A. when we started B. when did we start C. when we will start D. when will we start 33. Kitty and Lucy are both from England, so they are ______ English speakers. A. native B. international C. foreign D. same 34. — John has hurt his leg. — Really? ______? A. Who did that B. How did that happen C. What’s wrong with him D. Why was he so careless 35. Americans and Canadians can understand each other ______ they don’t speak the same kind of English. A. now that B. even if C. as if D. only if 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) “Dad, I’m sure I can do it well this time. I promise,” I said to myself and went up to the stage and began my play ... Finally I 36 from my piano and took a bow to the people in the hall. There was a 37 and then loud applause (掌声) burst out. I knew I 38 it. Tears filled my eyes. Then I 39 three years ago right here when it was my turn to play. I 40 the hall and saw my dad. He sat at the end of a 41 with a serious face. Suddenly I became 42 . I had practiced my piece for months, 43 then it seemed there was something wrong with my fingers. I forced out some 44 tune and left the stage in tears. I 45 . On the way home my father didn’t say even a word. He just 46 the car in silence. I didn’t say anything either. What could I say, really, after what I’d done? I knew how 47 Dad worked to earn enough money 48 my piano. That time he was 49 to come to a competition(比赛), but I let him down. I didn’t remember how we got home. Dad never said a word the entire way home, and he never 50 one of my competitions again. I never got over the hurt of having 51 the person I most wanted to make proud. I’d 52 more than my competition that afternoon. I felt as if I’d lost the key to my father’s heart, and he died before I could 53 it again. “God, why didn’t you give me a 54 to make it up to him?” I’d often asked. I won first prize in the contest now. How I wish my father could share the 55 moment

with me! 36. A. dropped B. rose C. turned D. slid 37. A. silence B. noise C. laughter D. shout 38. A. got B. missed C. made D. caught 39. A. thought B. realized C. understood D. remembered 40. A. looked up B. looked around C. looked out D. looked over 41. A. seat B. row C. group D. team 42. A. nervous B. excited C. sick D. tired 43. A. and B. though C. but D. so 44. A. soft B. moving C. nice D. terrible 45. A. succeeded B. won C. failed D. disappeared 46. A. drove B. started C. washed D. repaired 47. A. quickly B. hard C. warmly D. happily 48. A. on B. in C. for D. with 49. A. sad B. happy C. able D. unable 50. A. attended B. noticed C. heard D. cared 51. A. pleased B. surprised C. disappointed D. satisfied 52. A. felt B. lost C. made D. learned 53. A. open B. close C. forget D. find 54. A. piano B. duty C. chance D. contest 55. A. exciting B. surprising C. interesting D. relaxing 第三部分 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) A Many centuries ago, all people had to gather seeds and plants to eat. They did not know how to farm or raise animals for food. We call them the Stone Age people because they used stone tools and weapons. You may feel surprised in the world today there are still people who live like the Stone Age people. They live in the places that are hard to reach. Because they have met few people from the outside world, they don’t know about modern inventions. They have not learned ways of doing things from others. For 25,000 years, groups of people have lived alone in the middle of Australia. One of these groups is the Arunta tribe (部落). They do not know how to farm and how to raise sheep or cattle. The Aruntas spend most of their time searching for food and water. The men hunt animals with stone-tipped spears. The women and children look for roots, seeds and nuts. They use sticks to dig up the roots. Several Arunta families live together. They have no house. At night, they sleep around small fires. Now other people are moving into the center of Australia. Soon the Aruntas will no longer be a Stone Age people.

56. The Stone Age people are called so because they ____. A. gathered seeds and plants to eat B. didn’t know how to farm C. used stone tools and weapons D. didn’t raise animals for food 57. The Arunta tribe has lived ________. A. in the middle of Africa B. in the center of Australia C. together with other people D. in poorly built houses 58. Why do the Aruntas still live in the way as they lived before? A. Because they have not yet learned new ways from other people. B. Because they do not want to change their way of living. C. Because other people are moving in and living with the Aruntas. D. Because each family live alone without knowing others. 59. It can be inferred from the passage that ________. A. the Australians live much like the Stone Age people B. the Arunta tribe has a history of 25 centuries C. the Stone Age people have at last disappeared in the world D. the Aruntas will change their way of living sooner or later B There are more than 250,000 rivers in the United States. Added up together, they flow for more than 5,500,000 kilometers. The largest and most famous river in the United States is the Mississippi. It starts near the northern border of the United States and flows through the center of the country for more than 3,700 kilometers. About 250 smaller rivers flow into the Mississippi. The mouth of the Mississippi empties into the Gulf of Mexico. However, the Missouri River is the longest river in the United States. It flows for about 4,000 kilometers. It begins in the Rocky Mountains of North America. It flows along the borders of seven states before it empties into the Mississippi River near the city of Saint Louis, Missouri. Three rivers that join together in the north central state of Montana form the Missouri River. The water is clear there. But, as it moves east and south, the Missouri River turns brown as it collects huge amounts of dirt from the land. That is why many people call the Missouri River the “Big Muddy”. Some people say the Columbia River in the northwest is the most beautiful river in America. It flows from the Canadian province of British Columbia into the United States through the state of Washington. The Columbia River is the largest river that empties into the Pacific Ocean. Another famous river is the Rio Grande. It is the longest river in the state of Texas. It forms the border between Texas and Mexico. The oldest river in the United States is the New River. It begins in the Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina and flows north through parts of Virginia and West Virginia. The New River may be also the second oldest in the world. It is funny how something so old can be called new. 60. Near the city of Saint Louis is the place ________.

A. where the Missouri River rises B. where the Missouri River joins the Mississippi River C. where other three rivers join the Missouri River D. where the Mississippi River flows into the ocean 61. From Paragraph 4 we know that the water in the upper reaches of the Missouri River is ________. A. muddy B. dirty C. clear D. brown 62. In the state of Washington you can visit the beautiful ___. A. Missouri River B. Mississippi River C. New River D. Columbia River 63. Which of the following rivers is the border between Texas and Mexico? A. The Rio Grande River. B. The New River. C. The Columbia River. D. The Mississippi River. C Nowadays many students are interested in studying abroad. Attending schools abroad has many advantages. First, by looking at our own country from outside, we can best see the strong points and weak points of our nation and therefore widen our vision and broaden our minds. Second, while studying in a foreign country, we can travel widely, visiting famous scenic spots and making friends with the local people. Third, we can use the foreign language in our daily life so that our ability in that language may be improved quickly. But the most important is to learn advanced science and technology. For all these advantages, it is really worthwhile to go abroad for education. However, as everything has two sides, there are also some disadvantages in attending a foreign university. The most serious problem is the language barrier (障碍). Most of the students who are ready to go abroad do not prepare themselves well for the new language environment. As a result, on arriving there, they will find it difficult to understand what the instructors are saying in class. Besides, for not knowing about the customs and way of life of the local people, they may run into trouble in dealing with various situations. Therefore, misunderstandings often arise. Furthermore, the cost of living is much higher than that in our country, so most students have to find part-time jobs in order to help support themselves. Faced with these difficulties, many students find themselves unable to pay full attention to their studies and some students may even fail in their courses and learn little. Therefore, given an opportunity to attend a school abroad, one must consider the factors carefully before making up his mind. On the one hand, it is a good thing to go and study abroad. But on the other hand, one must not neglect (忽视) the disadvantages. 64. The following are all advantages of studying abroad EXCEPT ________. A. having more chances to get good jobs B. improving foreign language ability quickly C. visiting well-known scenic spots D. learning advanced science and technology 65. The underlined word “instructors” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________. A. neighbors B. teachers

C. strangers D. classmates 66. Why do some students find part-time jobs? A. Because they want to learn more skills in a different country. B. Because they want to make full use of their spare time. C. Because they are not interested in studying. D. Because they have to support themselves. 67. The passage mainly tells us that ________. A. studying abroad is a good way to learn advanced science and technology B. everything has two sides C. people should think twice before going abroad D. going abroad has more advantages than disadvantages D There is a lake near a forest in Sweden. The water in the lake is very clear and everything is quiet and still. On the far side of the water is some farmland and further away, across the field, is an old church built on a hill. It has just stopped raining. The brook flowing into the lake is full and there is still some half-melted (半融化的) snow from last winter on the ground. The reason why the water is so clear and everything is so quiet and still is that most of the animals and plants in and around the lake are dead. There are no birds because all the fish and insects, which the birds need for food, have disappeared. Many trees in the forest are losing their leaves and bark (树皮), and are sick and dying. Others were blown down by the strong winds of last winter. A farmer is working in a field planting something, but unless he plants a stronger kind of seed this year, the crop will be between 25 to 40 percent lower than a few years ago. The stones of the old church tower are turning to powder and unless the tower is repaired soon, it will fall down. All the death and destruction (破坏) in this place is caused by the smoke coming out of factories and poisonous gases from cars and trucks. And yet this silent lake is hundreds of kilometers away from the nearest factory and highway. 68. Which season do you think it is? A. Spring. B. Summer. C. Autumn. D. Winter. 69. Why are there no animals or birds in or around the lake? A. Because the weather is terribly cold. B. Because the lake is quiet. C. Because the area is seriously polluted. D. Because they have all been killed. 70. Why does the farmer have to plant a stronger kind of seed? A. Because the soil is becoming less and less. B. Because few plant life can stand the weather there. C. Because the water in the lake can’t be used to irrigate (灌溉) the field. D. Because the soil there is becoming unfit for farming. 71. What do you think is the best title of the passage? A. A beautiful place of interest. B. A polluted place. C. A quiet place in Sweden. D. A faraway mountain area.

E One of the most difficult things for children to deal with when moving to a new town is leaving their friends and making new ones. We once moved and one of our new neighbors told us about a summer camp at the Recreation Center all the kids went to. My husband and I looked into it and we found it was unbelievably cheap. I had the kids sign up (报名) the next day so that they could know more kids there. Another thing we did was to have them sign up for sports when school started. They were happy to be on teams with new friends they made. This also gave me a chance to meet new people and from them I sometimes got some useful ideas for my new books. If you’re just moving to a new house in the same city you live in now, it won’t really be a problem unless your kids are changing schools. If they are, it is a great idea to have them take the address book to school. Thus, your children won’t feel “lost” without their old friends. If you’re able to, over the summer vacation, try inviting the friend your child misses most to come and visit your new home for a week, or even a few weeks. I know this can be difficult if that child has to fly, but maybe you can work out a plan with the child’s parents. Think how happy the kids will be when they meet! 72. The author had her kids sign up for the summer camp mainly because _____. A. she could afford the cost B. she was asked to do so by her kids C. it could give her kids a chance to meet more kids D. it could make the summer holiday not so boring 73. What is probably the author? A. A housewife. B. A business woman. C. A teacher. D. A writer. 74. What we can’t learn from the passage is that ____. A. a summer camp at the Recreation Center was very cheap B. having the kids take part in sports is good for both the author and her kids C. parents should ask their children not to think of their old friends D. parents should create more chances for children to make new friends 75. The purpose of the passage is to teach parents how to ______ when they move to a new place. A. get used to the new life in a short time B. help their children make new friends and keep the old ones C. get along with their new neighbors D. help their children get used to the new school life

第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) China is a country with a long history. The paper was one 76. ________ of the most important invention in China. We know 77. ________ many about Chinese history because records were kept 78. ________ on paper. Before writing developed, people used to

79. ________ keep records by putting the number of stones together. 80. ________ People carved (雕刻) words on animal’s bones, which 81. ________ was another way of keeping records . Paper was also made from silk. The problem was that it 82. ________ was too expensive. People developed a kind of paper was 83. ________ made from the fibers (纤维) of plants. They used fishing nets, the outside of trees and pieces of old clothes. The make 84. ________ of paper became common. On the eighth century, paper 85. ________ was sent all over Europe. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你在暑假期间参加了一个英语夏令营, 在该夏令营结束时举行的晚会上, 你要对这 次夏令营进行简单总结,并表达感谢。请用英语写一份发言稿,要点如下: 1. 时间:7 月 10 日—7 月 28 日; 2. 人数:110 人(教师 10 人,学生 100 人); 3. 主要活动:练习英语口语,朗诵英文诗歌,唱英文歌曲等。 注意: 1. 短文必须包括所有的内容要点,但不得逐句翻译; 2. 词数:100 左右。 必修 1 Unit 2 English around the world 单元测试题听力原文、参考答案及重点解析 听力原文 Text 1 M: Excuse me, I’m looking for Professor Wang. W: Oh, he is not on this floor. He is on the fourth floor. Go up the stairs and then turn left. M: Thank you very much. Text 2 W: Hello, can I help you? M: No, thanks. I’m just looking around. W: OK. Ask me if you need any help. Text 3 W: Would you like to go to the cinema tonight? M: I’d rather stay at home and watch TV. I have to get up early to attend the driving test tomorrow. W: Wish you good luck tomorrow! Text 4 W: I like to read Charlie Green’ s books. M: So do I. I hear he writes on the computer and his next novel will come out next month. W: Great! I’ll get one as soon as it’s out. Text 5 W: What time is it now? M: It’ s 12 o’ clock. We are running out of time. W: Don’ t worry. The film will begin in 40 minutes. Text 6 W:Where on earth are we now? M:Judging by all the traffic, I would say we are near the heart

of the downtown area. W: What did I do wrong? Did I take a wrong turn? M: I am not sure, but I think that perhaps you turned left when you ought to have turned right. W: Oh, my God! What should we do now? Text 7 W: What a lovely day today! M: Yes, it is a very beautiful day. W: Now that you have been here for some time, how do you like the weather here? M: To tell the truth, I couldn’t like it better. Generally speaking, it seems neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter. W: Well, sometimes we do have very cold days, but that usually doesn’ t last more than a week. What’ s the weather like in Beijing? M: I think the main difference is that Beijing is much drier. W: I agree with you. Text 8 W: Hello, Mr Smith. How are you? M: Fine, thanks, Mrs Downs. How is your boy, Jack? W: He is a bit tired. You know, he goes to school at eight o’clock every morning. He doesn’t get home till after four. Then he does his homework. It often takes him a couple of hours to finish it. M:Poor boy. They work hard at school nowadays, don’ t they? Does he like it? W:School, you mean? Yes, he does. He likes his teachers, and that always makes a difference. M: Does he go to school by bus? W: No, he walks. He likes walking. He meets some of his friends at the corner and they go together. M: How does he go to school when it rains? W: My husband takes him in the car. He passes the school on the way to the office. Text 9 W: Good afternoon. I’ d like some information about the train, please. M: Yes, madam. Which train? Where are you going? W: To London. You see, I have a sister there and ... M: So your question is “When is the next train to London?” Is that right? W: Yes, that’s right. When is the next train to London, please? M: At half past four. That’s in about a minute. W: Thank you very much. Oh! Can I get something to eat on the train? I always have something to eat when I travel. I find a cup of tea and a cake always calm me down. M: Yes, madam. You can get what you want on the train. W: Oh, good! Err, how much is a cup of tea? M: I am not sure, madam. Fifty pence, I think. W: Fifty pence! Oh, dear! Things are getting so expensive! M: Yes, madam. Your train is going to leave in half a minute now. W: Thank you. Oh! Which platform does the train leave from? M: Platform 13. W: Platform 13! Oh, dear! I never travel on trains that leave from Platform 13! 13 is an unlucky number. When is the next train after the 4:30? Text 10 Most Americans don’t like to get advice from members of their families. When they need advice, they don’t usually ask people that they know. Instead, many Americans write letters to newspapers and magazines. They can get advice on many different subjects, such as family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, childcare, clothes, and how to buy a house or car. Most newspapers publish letters from readers with problems. There are answers written by doctors, lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special training for this kind of work. One of them is called “ Dear Abby” by readers and the other is called “Dear Ann Landers”. Experience is their preparation for giving advice. 参考答案 1-5 AACAC 6-10 CBABC 11-15 CABAB 16-20 BCCCB

听力填空题(选做)(18-20 One possible version) 18. different subjects 19. problems 20. famous 21-25 CCBAA 26-30 CDBDB 31-35 DCABB 36-40 BACDB 41-45 BACDC 46-50 ABCCA 51-55 CBDCA 56-60 CBADB 61-65 CDAAB 66-70 DCACD 71-75 BCDCB 76-85 (One possible version) 76. The paper → Paper 77. invention → inventions 78. many → much 79. 在 developed 前 加 was 80. the → a 81. animal’s → animals’ 82. √ 83. 去掉第二个 was 84. make → making 85. On → In 书面表达(One possible version) How time flies! Eighteen days have passed before I knew it. Our English Summer Camp, from July 10 to July 28, has successfully achieved its aims. All the participants — ten teachers and one hundred students — contributed a lot to making it successful. During the summer camp, we held many interesting activities, such as practising oral English, reading aloud English poems and singing English songs. I am very grateful to have the chance to know so many respectable teachers and kind friends, who have given me great help in improving my English. I hope I will have another opportunity to attend such interesting activities next year. 重点解析 22. C。 句意为 “他看了看信封, 然后很快地认出了 Jenny 的笔迹” 。 根据句意, recognized 为正确答案,意思是“认出” 。27. D。句意为“过去,从英国到印度的航程通常需要六 个月以上的时间,因为不时地会遇上风暴和巨浪。 ” 根据句意,voyage 为正确答案,voyage 主要指远距离的水上旅行。29. D。because of 为复合介词,后跟名词短语表示原因。而 because 用来引导原因状语从句。30. B。such as 表示列举。for example 表示举例时后 面应该用逗号,然后再列出具体的例子。31. D。句意为“美国英语有很多方言,因为 美国人来自世界各地” 。根据句意,dialects 为正确答案,意思是“方言” 。38. C。显然, 我演出成功了, 得到了在场观众的认可。 make it 意思是 “成功” , 相当于 succeed。 56. C。 由第一段最后一句“We call them the Stone Age people because they used stone tools and weapons.”可知,那些人被称为“Stone Age people”是因为他们使用石头做的工具和武器, 故 C 正确。 60. B。 根据第三段最后一句 “... before it empties into the Mississippi River near the city of Saint Louis, Missouri.”可知, 在 Saint Louis 附近密苏里河汇入密西西比河的地方。 68. A。 由短文第一段最后一句 “The brook flowing into the lake is full and there is still some half-melted snow from last winter on the ground.”可知,当时的季节为春季。


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