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第二单元 A Beijing Opera is also called Peking Opera. It came into being after 1790 when the famous four Anhui opera troupes(戏班) came to Beijing. Its music and singing came from Xipi and Er-huang in Anhui and Hubei. Its costumes are all fascinating and artistic. It is the highest expression of the Chinese culture. It’s full of famous stories, beautiful facial paintings, and wonderful gestures and fighting. This kind of opera is very popular with Chinese people. There are four main roles in Beijing Opera: Sheng ,Dan, Jing and Chou. Sheng is the leading male actor。For example, a Wusheng is a soldier or fighter .A Xiaosheng is a young man. A Laosheng is an old man. Dan is the female role. Jing,mostly male , is the face-painted role and Chou is the comedy actor or clown. Stories in Beijing Opera are very interesting. Some of them are from the history book, but most of them are from the literature, especially famous novels. The people in the story usually have some disagreements. They become angry and unhappy. They are sad and lonely. Sometimes they are nervous and worried. Then they find a way to make peace. The stories usually end with happiness and laughter and people are all happy in the end. 1.Beijing Opera’s singing is from _______. A. the literature and novels C. the history book B. Beijing and Anhui D. Anhui and Hubei

2.The second paragraph (段落) of the reading is about the ______of Beijing Opera. A. roles B. stories C. gestures D. Paintings

3.From the reading, we know the Chou most probably has a(n) _____feature. A. honest B. dull C. funny D. serious

4.Which of the following statements is TURE? A. There are only four roles in Beijing Opera. B. Peking Opera is full of different gestures. C. Beijing Opera is the most popular in the world. D. The people in the story usually are in agreement. B As more and more people speak the global languages of English, Chinese, Spanish, and Arabic, other languages are rapidly disappearing. In fact, half of the 6,000-7,000 languages spoken around the world today will likely die out by the next century, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In an effort to prevent language loss, scholars from a number of organizations- UNESCO and National Geographic among them –have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect. Mark Turin, a scientist at the Macmillan Center, Yale University, who specializes in the languages and oral traditions of the Himalayas, is following in that tradition. His recently published book, A Grammar of Thangmi

with an Ethnolinguistic Introduction to the Speakers and Their Culture, grows out of his experience living, looking and raising a family in a village in Nepal. Documenting the Tangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin, who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayans reaches of India, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. But he is not content to simply record these voices before they disappear without record. At the University of Cambridge Turin discovered a wealth of important materials- including photographs, films, tap recordings, and field notes- which had remained unstudied and were badly in need of care and protection. Now, through the two organizations that he has founded-the Digital Himalaya Project and the World Oral Literature Project- Turin has started a campaign to make such documents, found in libraries and stores around the world, available not just to scholars but to the younger generations of communities from whom the materials were originally collected. Thanks to digital technology and the widely available Internet., Turin notes, the endangered languages can be saved and reconnected with speech communities. 5. Many scholars are making efforts to _____. A.promote global languages B.rescue the disappearing languages C.search for language communities D.set up language research organizations. 6. What does ―that tradition‖ in Paragraph 3 refer to? A.Having first records of the languages B.Writing books on language searching C.Telling stories about language users D.Linking with the native speakers 7. What is Turin’s book based on? A.The cultural statics in India. B.The documents available at Yale. C.His language research in Britain. D.His personal experience in Nepal. 8. Which of the following best describes Turin’s Work? A.Write, sell and donate. B.Record, repeat and reward. C.Collect, protect and reconnect.

D.Design, experiment and report. C When I was a kid in the 1960s. my parents had a country store in the small town of Frankfort, Maine. No neighboring houses could be seen From our place, and new salesmen were always amazed at the amount of business we did. Dad's motto was, ―We sell everything.‖ If he didn't have something in store, he would pick it up for customers on his weekly trip to Bangor. One time Dad was in Bangor getting shoes for someone at a shoe factory, He saw big boxes full of shoes and asked about them. They were the mates(一双鞋中的一只) to faulty shoes that had been thrown away. He looked through the boxes and realized that there were usable brand-new shoes in there. He offered the manager five cents a shoe, Dad made the deal and got the manager to reserve any future boxes for him. Of course Mon, his business partner, was more practical, and her first reaction was, ―But what are you going to do with them?‖ Dad bought an old school bus. He cleaned it up, removed the seats and placed big containers down both sites of the aisle(通道). When all was ready, the whole Family helped to put the shoes in place. At first, it looked like we had plenty of room on the bus, but Dad kept bringing home more boxes. There was no sign on the Shoe Bus. 'The only advertising Dad did was to place a piece of paper beside the store exit that read ―Shoes $1 a pair. "When folks asked about the deal. they learned it wasn’t that easy because they had to find their own pairs. The attraction was a combination of getting a good deal on a quality pair of shoes and the thrill of the hunt. To this day I still run into people who talk about the fun they had searching for pairs in Dad's Shoe Bus. . The author's parents ran their store well because 9. A. they always had enough supplies in store B. they won the great support of new salesmen C. they opened it in a very crowded neighborhood D. they did all they could to meet their customers' need 10. Why did the customers think it fun shaping in the Shoe Bus? A. There were free bus rides offered on them. B. 'They could receive better customer service. C. They could match pairs of shoes by themselves. D. There was a wide variety of shoes to choose from. 11. What can we learn about the author's father from the text? A. He had a good nose for business.

B. He was clever at transforming a store. C. He was patient with customers D. He had a strong preference for bargains. D Mirroring China’s Past: Emperors and Their Bronzes Chinese bronzes (青铜) of the second and first millennia BC are some of the most distinctive achievements in the history of art. These vessels (容器) were made to carry sacrificial offerings, to use in burial or to honor noble families in public ceremonies. When they were found by emperors centuries later, these spiritually significant objects were seen as signs of heavenly messages about a ruler or a dynasty and became prized items in royal collections. This exhibition —the first to explore these ancient objects throughout Chinese history — presents a rare opportunity to experience a large number of these works together in the United States. Unlike Greek and Roman bronze sculptures of human and animal forms, most objects from Bronze Age China (about 2000 - 221 BC) were vessels for ceremonial use. Beginning with the Song dynasty (960 - 1279), emperors unearthed these symbolic works and began collecting them, considering them to be evidence of their own authority as rulers. In addition to impressive collections, the royal fascination with bronzes led to the creation of numerous reproductions and the comprehensive cataloguing of palace holdings. These catalogues are works of art themselves, featuring beautiful drawings and detailed descriptions of each object. From the 12th century onward, scholars and artists also engaged in collecting and understanding ancient bronzes. Unlike emperors, scholars regarded bronzes as material evidence of their efforts to recover and reconstruct the past, and they occasionally exchanged them as tokens (象征) of friendship. Today ancient bronzes still occupy a primary position in Chinese culture — as historical objects and as signifiers of an important cultural heritage that inspires new generations, as seen in the works of contemporary artists on view in this presentation. Mirroring China’s Past brings together approximately 180 works from the An Institute of Chicago’s strong holdings and from the Palace Museum in Beijing, the Shanghai Museum, and important museums and private collections in the United States. By providing viewers with a new understanding of ancient bronzes and their significance through time, the exhibition demonstrates China’s fascinating history and its developing present. 12. In what way are Chinese bronzes different from Greek and Roman ones?

A. They fascinated the royal family. B. They took animal or human forms. C. They served ceremonial purposes. D. They were important cultural heritage. 13. What does the author think of catalogues of bronzes? A. Unreal. Necessary. 14. What can we infer about the exhibition according to the text? A, h is held in China. C. It is organized by scholars. B. It is arranged by time. D. It includes modem artworks. B. Creative. C. Artistic. D.

15. What does the underlined word “holdings” in the last paragraph refer to? A. Viewers. B. Collections. C. Museums. D. Art dealers.

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Make a Chinese Hotpot Eating a Chinese hotpot is a very common experience. People gather around the pot, dipping their food, mixing their own seasonings(调味品) and enjoying each other's company. 16 .

Firstly, prepare a large pot of soup. There is no right or wrong way to prepare a soup, so feel free to make your own. A simple soup can be made by boiling water with the addition of meat bones or fish heads and a mixture of herbs, seasonings and vegetables. Then, cut a variety of meats and fish into thin slices. 17 . Choose any food that you enjoy. Some common

choices for a Chinese hotpot include thin pieces of beef, pork, lamb and so on. Meanwhile, select, wash and prepare some vegetables. 18 .Mushrooms of all kinds are also common to Chinese hotpot preparations.

19 . At home, a single hotpot would work well up to 4—8 people depending on the size of the pot. Make sure everyone is sitting in a circle and has easy access to everything on the table. Prepare a separate small dish for each guest to mix their seasonings. 20 !

A. Finally, arrange the seating reasonably B. Now comes the turn to enjoy your hotpot C. It will guarantee that the items will cook quickly and fully D. Here are some easy steps to make a Chinese hotpot at home

E. For more varieties, consider dumplings, rice cakes and tangyuan F. Popular choices include: cabbage, pea leaves and potatoes G. It usually lasts a couple of hours because you are cooking and eating in small parts

第二部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Long, long ago, there was a small village. This village had a 21 tradition. At the beginning of every year,

any boy who had reached the age of majority (成年) was given land and money to build a home. The boy had to 22 his home before winter. Even if his home failed to endure(忍耐) the cold weather in winter, the villagers 23 him in any way. 25 their land and money and decided to search 26 and talked to the

could not One

24 , Paul and Marc reached their majority. They

nearby villages for ideas on building their homes. In each village, they found the nicest owners. Each owner gladly offered 27 . 28

E.After Marc saw several homes, he

the best ideas and went back to his own land. Paul, 30

29 ,

continued collecting more ideas. Soon he had so many great ideas that he began to always believed he could find even better ideas in the next village. Marc began building his home. He had several false starts, 31

some of them. But he

his home gradually rose from his land. By fall, 32 it later. Paul enjoyed all the

Marc had finished his home. It wasn't perfect, but it was strong and he could beautiful homes and time, 34 33

with home owners. The first snow came and Paul, realizing he was running out of 35 .The first

back to his land. He built the best home he could in the time he had, but it was 36 .The villagers mourned for him.

winter storm destroyed his home and he froze to Marc 37

the winter. Each year, Marc searched for other good ideas he could use to make his own home look 38 a family, and lived a happy, content life. 39 and fun for us to search for ideas from other 40 the best ideas.

better. He became a leader in the village,

F.We all build and improve our own mental homes. It's

mental home owners, but we only improve our own mental home if we actually

21.A.strange 22.A.find 23.A.help 24.A.winter

B. hopeful B. run B. encourage B. summer

C. good C. complete C. scold C. autumn

D. reasonable D. buy D. persuade D. spring

25.A.exchanged B. received 26.A.girls 27.A.rooms 28.A.expected 29.A.similarly 30.A.forget 31.A.because 32.A.repair B. jobs B. drinks B. gathered B. finally B. believe B. although B. rebuild

C. recognized D. won C. houses C. attention C. created C. however C. replace C .but C. sell D. presents D. advice D. understood D. therefore D. doubt D. so D. improve C. struggles D. arguments

33.A.conversations B. achievements 34.A.drove 35.A.weak 36.A.blindness B. rushed B. funny B. death

C .flew C. small C. sadness C. survived C. contacted C. dangerous C. collect

D. moved D. amazing D. disease D. spent D. raised D. special D. apply

37.A.experienced B. hated 38.A.brought 39.A.slow 40.A.realize B. earned B. easy B. bring

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 China, which takes pride in four inventions in ancient times, has once again shown its ability 41 (change)

the world with its ―new‖ four great inventions: high-speed railways, electronic payment, shared bicycles and online shopping. Recently, the ―new‖ four great inventions 42 (improve) the quality of people’s lives. Thanks to online 43 (simple) with a tap of the phone

shopping and mobile payment, people can buy what they want within doors. High-speed trains have shortened 44

journey from Beijing to the coastal city Tianjin to half

an hour. As for the bikes, they themselves are not new. It is the operating model of bike-sharing 45 G.(base) on satellite navigation(导航)system, mobile payment as well as big data Shared bicycles are bringing cycling back 48 (attract). 47 46 has surprised the world.

people’s lives and they are making public transport more

It is increasingly clear that China is no longer ways. A growing number of foreign 50


(copy) western ideas and is leading in many new

(company) hope to promote the development in their home

country by highlighting the need for technological achievements like that of China.

第三部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每 句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you how we students use computers on our daily life. First, some students surf the Internet while doing their homework, what makes them not concentrate their efforts on our studies. Second, some use computers to get bad informations such as violence. Third, computer games destroy many students because they throw themselves into a virtual world, complete forgetting that they’ve got to do. Fourth, a large number of students absorbed in online shopping and watching movies and they keep think of the various goods and the exciting plots even when they’re having classes! So I suggest that we used computers in a right and healthy way for a proper period of time while at the home. Yours, Li Hua 第二节 书面表达(百强校英语解析团队专供) (满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你的英国朋友 Mark 希望向你了解国画的有关知识,原定见面时间,因故需要推迟,请给 Mark 写一封邮件,说明情况。要点包括: 1.表示歉意并说明原因; 2. 重约见面讨论时间; 3. 推荐先参观国画展览。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

1-4 DACB 5-8 BADC 9-11 DCA 12-15 CCDB 16-20 DCFAB 21-40 ACADB 41 46 CDBCA CDABA BCDBD simply attractive 44 49 the 45 copying based 50 companies

to change that 47

42 have improved 43 to 48


51.第一句:on→in 短语 in one’s daily life 意思是―在某人的日常生活中‖。 52.第二句:what→which 根据句子的结构来判断,此处应用 which 引导非限制性定语从句来指代前面的内 容。 53.第二句:our→their 此处指他们不能把注意力集中在他们的学习上。makes them 也是提示。 54.第三句:information→information information 是不可数名词,没有复数形式。

55.第四句:complete→completely 根据句子的结构可知应用副词。 56.第四句:that→what that 为连接词,在从句中不作成分,且无实际意义,故把 that 改为 what。 57.第五句:在 students 和 absorbed 之间加上 are be absorbed in 是固定搭配。 58.第五句:think→thinking 短语 keep doing sth.意思是―坚持做某事‖。 59.第六句:used→use suggest 表示建议时,其后从句中的谓语用―should+do‖,其中 should 可省略。 60.第六句:去掉 the 固定短语 at home 表示―在家‖,不用冠词,故去掉 the。 One possible version: Dear Mark, I hate to say sorry, but there is a change in my school arrangements. So I am afraid I won’t be able to keep my appointment to discuss traditional Chinese paintings with you. I sincerely apologize to you for any inconvenience caused by the unexpected change. I suggest we put it off from 3 pm this weekend until the same time next Thursday. Will that be fine for you? Good news is that an exhibition of Chinese paintings is to be held this weekend. Works by some nationwide famous painters will be included in the exhibits. A visit there will definitely help better your understanding of the paintings. Looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

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