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Emily Dickinson艾米丽·狄金森


Emily Dickinson
------Made by Wang Qian ------Presented by Yang Juan

Emily Elizabeth Dickinson(1830-1886): 1. She was born in Massachusetts and lived there all her life. 2. She was well-educated since she was a little child. 3. American poet. 4. “The greatest poet” as well as Walt Whitman. 5. She wrote nearly 2000 poems, but fewer than 20 of them were printed in her life time. 6. She went into seclusion in 1860.

1.Early stage:
She liked to write Harmonic poem[偕诗] when she was a teenager. She also study Bible well and was very familiar with light literature[通
俗文学].

2. Reclusive stage. 3. Later period.

2. Reclusive stage:
She began to review and filtrate her works in 1858. and consolidated them into fascicles[诗稿]. She finished 40 fascicles from 1858 to 1865, which included nearly 800 poems. In the late 1950s, she composed three rolls of letters which were named “letters to master”. In the early 1960s, she was away from the madding crowd further. And it was her most productive period.

3. Later period:
In the late period of her life time, she created few poets and no longer edit and organize the lines.

Dickinson’s link with Transcendentalism can be seen primarily in her defense of individualism and her inward search of the spiritual light. She is a kind of individualist who does not easily capitulate to badges and names, to large societies and dead institutions.

Dickinson’s poetry is informed by a Christian perspective. Her religion, however, is not the dogma of the church but is the light acquired by the individual. Regarding truth, she views it from a skeptical[怀疑论的,不可知论的] perspective.

Transcendentalism:
A literary and philosophical movement in America. It sprang up in 1830s in New England.

Leader: Ralph· Waldo· Emerson
It emphasized the direct communication between God and human and the divinity among human nature. It had a strong critical spirit. Its social goal was to establish a Utopian society with consummate morality. Its spirits became a important heritage of American culture.

1. Many of her lines are ironical, even cynical, suggesting a distrust of honesty and integrity in human activity. e.g.: I died for beauty

2. Her nature poems suggest that she is romantically inclined.
e.g.: Wild Nights—Wild Nights! A Narrow Fellow in the Grass 3. Many poems convey her anguish and pain. The depiction of an individual’s suffering becomes allegorical.

4. She is well known for her poetic meditations on dying and death.
e.g.: Because I could not stop for Death

5. Her poems often are written in short phrases and words separated and joined by dashes. e.g.: Pain—has an element of Blank—
It cannot recollect When it begun—or if them were A day when it was not—

Dickinson’s poetries were published in 1890s, critics all thought she was a talent, but just a strange talent or a weird talent. When modernism sprang up, people thought her poems can express modern people’s feelings. In 1950s, her poems were listed in The western canon[西方正典].more and more biography writers advocated her independent and tough qualities.


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