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2009届高三英语专题复习之完形填空部分


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2009届高三英语专题复习之完形填空部分

【专题讲解】
* 完形填空的四个显著特点
  1.短文特点 以故事性较强的记叙文或者夹叙夹议的文体为主,篇幅在300以内,难度低于阅读理解中的短文。一般来讲,故事类文段情节多有曲折,结尾出人意料,常常是幽默所在,"包袱"所在;议论类文段结构严谨,层次分明,语句中有较多的"对仗"现象。
  2. 设空特点 短文的第一句通常不设空。考生通过它可以迅速确定文章的话题和故事发生的背景,把握文章的发展方向。
  3. 选项特点 同一题的四个选项均属于同一词类或同一语法形式,而且往往都和设空前后的单词形成某种搭配,这样便形成了很强的迷惑性和干扰性,其区别在于语境意义的不同。有时单独看那一句,可能用哪个选项都正确,没有语法错误,但根据文章的整体理解和上下文语境却只有一个语义正确的选项。
  4. 语境特点 语境就是指上下文,若空格的答案由上文决定叫前制性设空,空格的答案由下文决定叫后制性设空,空格的答案需要综合上下文而定的则为语篇性设空,高考完形填空通常以后制性设空为主。语境型设空可分为三个层次:①句子层次,空格的答案由所处的那一个句子决定;②句组层次,空格的答案由相邻不远的一组句子决定;③语篇层次,空格的答案由语篇内容综合决定。高考完形填空按句组层次和语篇层次设空的题居多,这种设题方式体现了"突出语篇"的命题思路。
* 完形填空的八个常考考点
  1. 考查语法规则
  考查考生语法知识的运用能力。近年来完形填空中单纯考查语法知识的题一般不考,只是偶尔有个别考题。如:
On May 27, 1995, our life was suddenly changed. It happened a few minutes past three, 36 my husband, Chris, fell from his horse...(江苏)
36. A. since B. before C. when D. while
因a few minutes past three是"我丈夫"从马上掉下来的时间,应是定语从句的先行词,所以用when引导定语从句,正确选项是C。
2. 考查固定搭配
考查考生对常见的英语固定短语和习惯用法的掌握情况。如动词与名词的搭配;动词与介词或副词的搭配;介词与名词的搭配,句式结构的固定搭配等等。这类搭配在高考完形填空中时有出现。:
... The former 37 every possible effort to avoid being discovered...It was not long 50 a customer who had seen him arrive hurried in to inform him... (重庆)
37. A. do B. take C. make D. try
50. A. when B. after C. until D. before
因make every effort(尽力)是固定词组,It was not long before...(不久以后就)是固定句式,所以这两题的正确选项分别是C和D。
3. 考查词语辨析
考查考生在特定语境中区别近义词的能力。几个选项的词性相同,意义相近,要求我们在特定的语境中区分它们之间的细微差别。一般说来,其中的两个选项容易排除,难辨的是两个。如:
Scott and his companions were terribly disappointed. When they got to the South Pole, they found the Norwegians(挪威人)had 36 them in the race to be the first ever to reach it.(辽宁)
36. A. hit B. fought C. won D. beaten
  由第一句的disappointed可知,挪威人已经"胜过了"Scott和他的同伴,很易排除 选项A和B;而其余两个选项都有"胜过"之意,这就要求我们知道它们之间的细微差别:win的宾语通常是比赛、奖品或荣誉等,而beat的宾语则是竞赛或竞争的对手;所以正确选项是D。
  4. 考查行文逻辑
  考查考生对上下文逻辑关系的理解,如转折关系、让步关系、因果关系、递进关系、增补关系、比较关系、对比关系等。四个选项都是表示文章的起承转合、上下连贯等逻辑关系的词语,必须弄清句子前后的逻辑关系,才可作出正确选择。如:
  You are near the front line of a battle. Around you shells are exploding; people are shooting from a house behind you. What are you doing there? You aren't a soldier. You aren't 36 carrying a gun. You're standing in front of... (湖北)
  36. A. simply B. really C. merely D. even
  因为第36空这句话与前句是递进关系,"你不是士兵,'甚至连'枪也没有带",所以正确选项是D。
  5. 考查经验常识
  考查考生在日常的学习和生活中所积累的经验和基本常识,以及一些基本的科学常识。如:
  But we run so much that, afterwards, we had trouble 45 . (北京)
A. speaking B. moving C. sleeping D. breathing
  跑得太多,其结果当然是上气不接下气,即呼吸困难了,我们一般都会有这样的生活经历,所以正确选项是D。
  6. 考查文章结构
  考查考生对文章脉络层次的把握能力。如:
  First of all, I respected his devotion to teaching... 43 , I admired the fact that he would talk to students outside the classroom or talk...Finally, I was attracted by his lively sense of humor.(全国)
  43. A. Later B. Secondly C. However D. Therefore
  本文的写作结构很清楚:开篇点题--难忘的哲学教授;诸条陈述--何以难忘:前有First of all提起, 后有Finally落脚,那么中间只有用Secondly来过渡了,所以正确选项是B。
  7. 考查逻辑推理
  考查考生根据文意和所掌握的知识经验进行简单的逻辑推理来确定选项的能力。如:
The Greek myth that explains why there are changes of seasons is about Demeter, the goddess of the harvest. She had a daughter, Persephone, whom she loved very much. Hades, god of the underworld, fell in love with Persephone, and he asked Zeus, the 37 of the gods, to give Persephone to him as his wife. Zeus did not want either to disappoint Hades or to upset Demeter, so...(广东)
  37. A. winner B. ruler C. advisor D. fighter
  冥王海地斯(Hades)要求宙斯(Zeus)把农业女神得墨忒耳(Demeter)的女儿珀尔塞福涅Persephone赐给(give)他做妻子,谁能行使如此大权?不难推知,只有众神之统领(rule)了,所以正确选项是B。
  8. 考查前后语境
  考查考生根据上下文提供的信息进行分析及推理的能力。高考的完形填空题中绝大多数属这种题型。有的根据上文、有的根据下文、有的要上下文结合,甚至通篇看完并理解才能作出正确的选择。如:
  One afternoon, I was out exploring...and saw a new kind of cactus (仙人掌). I crouched (蹲) down for a closer look. "You'd better not 47 that." (湖南)
I turned around to see an old woman.
  ...
  "Would you like to come to my home tomorrow? Someone should teach you which plant you should and shouldn't touch."
  47. A. move B. dig C. pull D. touch
  此题若不读到最后一段的最后一句的最后一个单词,很难选出正确选项D来。
* 完形填空的三个解题原则
根据近年完形填空题的特点,要正确解答完形填空题,我们必须遵循下列三项原则。
  (1)上下求索--寻信息。有的空格的提示信息很可能在文章的后面出现;有的空格的提示信息也可能在前面出现;有的空格的提示信息在前面和后面都有出现,需要综合起来考虑。
  (2)左顾右盼--找搭配。答题时,眼睛不能只盯在空格上或盯在一个句子上,一定要"左顾右盼",弄清前后的固定搭配。
  (3)思前想后--通全文。选择答案时,一定要考虑到此选项不但在本句中是可以的,而且要在全文中讲得通。 但在具体的解答过程中,还需要从以下几个方面加以关注。
* 完形填空的四个解题步骤
(1) 通读全文,理解大意。因为高考的完形填空题以后制性设空和语境设空为主,所以千万不要看一句填一空。而要首先利用首句,跳过空格,浏览全文,从整体上感知全文,理解文章大意,了解故事发展情节,然后再进行试填。这是做好完形填空的前提,万万不可省略。如:
In Renee Smith's classroom, attendance is up, trips to the headmaster's office are down and students are handing in assignments on time. The Springfield High School teacher says she has seen great ___(65)___since adding a few new students to her class-five Labrador puppies and their father. (上海)
65. A. promotion B. progress C. disturbance D. disappointment
解析:从首句可知,作者直截了当的给考生交待了所要叙述的事情的结果:在Renee Smith 的班上,听课的学生人数增多了,违纪的人数减少了。分析65空可知,该句是从正面的角度阐述了导致这一结果的原因,同时又是下文所陈述内容的总结句。故选B。
(2) 瞻前顾后,避难就易。在理解文章大意的情况下,结合各选项的意义和用法,遵循先易后难的原则,先解决那些自己有把握的问题。对少数难题,暂时跳过,或许在上文中难以判断的题在下文中就有暗示或者明显的提示,或许一个在前面不能解的题在填出了另一空后会令你豁然开朗。
(3) 复读全文,解决残敌。借助已经补全的空白,我们对全文有了更清楚的理解,可以集中解决所遗留的少数疑难问题。我们根据短文中句与句,段与段的逻辑关系进行判断,采用排除法逐步缩小范围,最终得出所有答案等方法。对于实在无从下手的个别题目,我们则完全可以凭语感来确定:把几个选项逐一放在空格内念两遍,哪个念起来顺口、舒服就选哪个。如:
I've ___50___to tell every girl I know to do something that people don't think girls can do. It's part of being human to advance to new ___51___, so shouldn't it be expected that girls should step up and start ___52___ the limits of things boys and men used to dominate(主宰). (北京)
50. A. chosen B. tried C. learned D. promised
  51. A. levels B. points C. steps D. parts
52. A. reading B. accepting C. pushing D. setting
  解析: 从语法角度看, 50题的四个选项都正确, 但从上下句子之间的语境及逻辑角度推测,只有B才能说出作者当时的心理状态。51题为四个名词,与上下文的似乎没有多大关系,只有根据作者的心理活动句意的推断,方可做出正确选择,说明女孩能做人们认为不能做的事,这是人们应该达到的一种新的思想境界(水平),故选A。 52题是较难的一个小题,考生只有通过分析本句句意,经过认真推敲,才能选出pushing the limits of things...意为"摆脱男人们过去主宰的事情的限制", 故选C。
 (4) 再次复读,弥补疏漏
全部做好后,考生务必要结合自己的选择答案重新阅读短文内容, 注意围绕文章中心,查看文章内容是否通顺、结构是否完整、搭配是否有误等,切忌死抠语法或断章取义。要着眼于全局,从宏观上考虑。

【巩固练习】
Ex 1
BRITISH newspapers are among the oldest and most famous in the world. 1 recently big changes have seen these traditional publications try to 2 the modern world. After 216 years, The Times has halved its 3 to become much smaller. In fact, the paper
has 4 its size in half from a broadsheet to tabloid.
In Britain the newspaper market is 5 between the larger broadsheets and the smaller tabloids. These terms 6 the size of the papers' pages but there is also a clear 7 in content. Broadsheets such as The Times, the Guardian and Daily Telegraph are 8 papers. They cover a broad range of political, economic and international issues. Their stories are also 9 long and use quite formal language.
Tabloids have far more stories about 10 seri- ous issues such as celebrities' love lives. Their stories are shorter and use more simple language. Tabloids of-ten have bigger pictures. Britain's 11 newspaper, the Sun, is a tabloid and has a naked 12 on page three every day.
By 13 to the size of a tabloid, The Times is following in the footsteps of a less 14 broadsheet paper the Independent. 15 changed to tabloid last year and saw its sales increase 16 . Although both papers have 17 to the smaller size, the content of the papers has 18 the same. They are both still se-rious papers.
The two papers claim that people 19 the smaller size easier to handle when they travel to work on the bus or the train in the morning. 20 says its new size is "compact", not tabloid.
1. A. Then B. So C. And D. But
2. A. match B. suit C. fit D. change
3. A. length B. size C. width D. thickness
4. A. cut B. added C. enlarged D. printed
5. A. devided B. separated C. arranged D. marked
6. A. turn into B. refer to C. think about D. connect with
7. A. meaning B. mark C. difference D. sign
8. A. old B. interesting C. modern D. serious
9. A. possibly B. especially C. reasonably D. not
10. A. more B. less C. even D. quite
11. A. best-selling B. good-looking C.slow-moving D. ugly-looking
12. A. line B. page C. paragraph D. edition
13. A. going B. getting C. changing D. coming
14. A. important B. welcoming C. helpful D. famous
15. A. It B. This C. That D. They
16. A. slowly B. greatly C. little D. usually
17. A. halved B. made C. switched D. cut
18. A. become B. found C. left D. remained
19. A. find B. hope C. expect D. agree

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20. A. The Independent B. The Times C. The Guardion D. Daily Telegraph

Ex. 2
The half-empty coffee cups, still standing next to their plates, tell of a morning like any other. And yet, that grey covering of dust that everything 1 tells a different story: it tells of screams, tears, terror and 2 . Now the restaurant in the World Trade Center will 3 again serve breakfast. And never again will all those people go there to eat or 4 . So many people whose faces we associate with life and liveliness are gone 5 . So many words remain 6 , and so much happiness has been destroyed. In their places are tear-stained faces.
My generation has seen this. On Monday, a fight with my sister, a bad grade and homework 7 to be the biggest problems in the world. Tonight, so many across the country know that America's pain is at its 8 ever.
We have 9 World WarⅡBut to most of us students, that's an event on a textbook 10 that would never happen" today.
After all, this was a time of 11 and wealth-the United States was powerful and successful. There would be no more wars, and we were 12 to live in such a time.
But when those planes 13 ; when firefighters with 14 on their faces ran among the parts of the building that had fallen; when people 15 for their family members; when history was unfolding before our eyes, in full, clear color--then we knew the world had been changed. 16 how many human beings turned to ashes in a second, and seeing some jump from the buildings, I know that my generation is growing up in a world where 17 can still be evil.
But seeing those heroes risk their lives among the castle-like ruins, and seeing the 18 blood donors(捐献者) at the hospitals, my generation has learned that tears are allowed, that mankind can also be 19 ,and that the ghost of evil never 20 the spirit of good. :
1. A. dresses B. gets C. wears D. covers
2. A. blood B. surprise C. laugh D. cry
3. A. still B. never C. hardly D. seldom
4. A. work B. drive C. play D. swim
5. A. yesterday B. tonight C. last night D. this morning
6. A. unknown B. untold C. unchanged D. unsaid
7. A. turned B. had C. got D. seemed
8. A. least B. worst C. best D. most
9. A. experienced B. known C. read about D. seen
10. A. text B. lesson C. copy D. page
11. A. tears B. terror C. peace D. health
12. A. unlucky B. promising C. convenient D. lucky
13. A. fell B. landed C. hit D. exploded
14. A. terror B. surprise C. joy D. smile
15. A. called B. screamed C. died D. reached
16. A. Knowing B. Tellin C. Hearing D. Remembering
17. A. everyone B. nobody C. mankind D. our country
18. A. unwilling B. eager C. happy D. curious
19. A. beautiful B. terrible C. terrified D. hopeful
20. A. hurt B. beat C. wins D. defeats

Ex. 3
Water and its importance to human life were the centre of the world's attention last week. March 22 was World Water Day and 1 the theme "Water for Life".
There are more than one billion people in the world who live without 2 drinking water. The United Nations 3 to cut this number in half by 2015.
Solving such a big problem seems like 4 chal-lenge. But everyone, 5 teenagers, can do some-thing to help. A teenage girl in the US has set an exam-ple to 6 of her age around the world.
Rene Haggerty, 13, was awarded the 2004 Gloria Barron Prize for her work 7 discarded batteries which pollute water.
In 2003, Haggerty went on a field trip to the Great Lakes Science Centre in Ohio. There, she saw an ex-hibit about how 8 in old batteries harm the water of Lake Erie.
Haggerty learnt that 9 the batteries was an easy solution. "I think everybody can do it, because everyone 10 batteries, and it can make a bigdiffer-ence. " With these words, she began to 11 aware-ness in her area.
She 12 her county government and school board. She got permission to start a recycling pro-gramme in schools 13 the public library, hospital, and churches. With help from her family, friends and local waste-management 14 , she gathered contain-ers, arranged transportation, and made a(n) 15 video.
Over the past two years, she collected four tons of batteries and drew the attention of officials, who were in charge of a battery recycling programme but had made 16 progress.
When asked 17 she feels like a hero Haggerty is quite 18 . "Not really. Well, maybe for the fish I saved !"
Every year the Gloria Barron Prize 19 young Americans aged 8 to 18 who have shown leadership and courage in 20 the public and the planet. Each year ten winners receive US $ 2,000 each, to help with their education costs or their public service work.
1. A. had B. gave C. wrote D. discussed
2. A. enough B. safe C. much D. polluted
3. A. asks B. orders C. hopes D. ensures
4. A. a great B. a strong C. an important D. an unreal
5. A. especially B. sometimes C. even D. seldom
6. A. boys B. others C. students D. grown-ups
7. A. collecting B. selling C. buying D. using
8. A. things B. chemicals C. water D. air
9. A. making B. recycling C. reducing D. handling
10. A. uses B. has C. throws D. needs
11. A. tell B. increase C. spread D. inform
12. A. talked to B. listened to C. heard from D. thought about
13. A. and B. besides C. as well as D. as good as
14. A. officials B. workers C. clerks D. experts
15. A. industrial B. agricutural C. scientific D. educational
16. A, much B. no . C. some D. little
17. A. if B. how C. when D. why
18. A. pround B. glad C. modest D. worried
19. A. praises B. helps C. supports D. honours
20. A. benefiting B. saving C. serving D. favouring

Ex. 4
Salsa is a musical type that has existed for many years and is still 1 today. Salsa comes from Cuba, but many people 2 that the Puerto Ricans who moved to the US 3 the style of salsa we know today.
Because of political problems in the 4 20th century, many people left Puerto Rico and settled in the US. Between 1915 and 1930, about 50,000 Puerto Ricans 5 in the US. In 1917, a 6 was passed that made people from Puerto Rico Americans move 7 After this, Puerto Ricans were able to move 8 between their home and the US mainland.
Between 1940 and 1969, about 800,000 Puerto Ri-cans moved to the US, 9 to New York City and Miami. They brought with them their culture, style, and Latin rhythm (节拍). One style of music and dance they 10 to the US was a mixture of Afro-Cuban rhythms and Puerto Rican traditional dance. In New York, 11 incorporated (little) American jazz, and the salsa we know today 12 . During this time, sala music and dance, were popular in the New York City and around the US.
The song words 13 stories of the immigrants' (移民) struggle to make a 14 in New York City. By the late 1970's, salsa caliente was 15 popular; another style-salsa romantica, with its romantic love lyrics (词句) -became popular, 16 . Salsa romantica is still popular today and is 17 by musicians suchas Mare Anthony, a singer from Puerto Rico.
18 Puerto Ricans continue to make special mixtures of salsa by combining it with other musical styles. A mixture of hip-hop and salsa can be 19 in Jennifer. Lopez's music which became world famous by combining rock rhythms with the salsa romantics style.
For many people, listening to salsa music is not 20 ;its fast rhythm and lively beat make them want to get up and dance.
1. A. new B. popular C. beautiful D. wonderful
2. A. believe B. doubt C. agree D. guess
3, A. formed B. got C. developed D. invented
4. A. middle B. late C. unknown D. early
5. A. arrived B. lived C. worked D. visited
6. A. plan B. law C. suggestion D. rule
7. A. back and forth B. up and down C. in and out D. here and there
8. A. slowly B. quickly C. gradually D. freely
9. A. exactly B. certainly C. mainly D. impossibly
10. A. brought B. took C. carried D. gave
11. A. singers B. musicians C. dancers D. New Yorkers
12. A. was born B. came out C. was finished D. went on
13. A. wrote B. made up C. changed into D. told
14. A. journey B. room C. living D. contribution
15. A. for ever B. even more C. no longer D. now and then
16. A. instead B. indeed C. too D. either
17. A. acted B. performed C. played D. showed
18. A. Old B. Young C. Man D. Woman
19. A. seen B. felt C. heard D. imagined
20. A. good B. comfortable C. enough D. easy












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答案
EX.1
1.D从后文内容看.《泰晤士报》历经216年后缩小版面,进行改革,此处应为转折关系,用But。
2.C使......适应。D逻辑不符,match意为"......与......相配",suit指某物适合某人,某人适合做
某事。
3.B大小、尺寸、规模,指报纸则为版面,长度、宽度、厚度都不能表述报纸的版面。
4.A cut削减,减少。B增加,c扩大,D印刷,均不合文意。
5.A分为,分成。B离开,C安排,D作记号。
6.B涉及、提及。A变成,C考虑,D联系,均不符合文意。
7:C从but表转折之意看应为difference。
8.D从后文叙述的其内容为政、经、国际问题以及文章相当长、语言正式看应为serious。
9.C相当地。A、B、D不符合逻辑和文意。
10.B less serious不太严肃,从more stories和love lives恋情知A、C、D都不对。
11.A 畅销的。从其内容更市民化、生活化知其畅销。
12.B一般说来,big picture不存在在哪行或哪段,且报纸一般不存在印刷几版的问题,只能是在第3页(版)。
13.C变成,变为;由文章第一段可知。
14.D从后文叙述两报虽经缩版,但内容不变,仍为严肃报纸知A、B、C不合文意,只不过大版面特色不复存在,故较之往昔其名气稍逊一筹。
15.A It指代The Times。
16.B 从全文的主旨是英国报业的成功改革看,可以推定greatly为正确答案。
17.C switch此处相当于change。
18.D保留原样,有主观的含意,A、B均指客观发生的状态,left不合文意。
19.A指读者在客观上对已有事实的发现,B、c表达的不是已有事实,D不合逻辑。
20.B,文章叙述的主体是《泰晤士报》,答案自然为B。

EX.2
1.C Wear此处喻指大楼倒塌后周围的物体表面覆盖着灰尘,而dress在此处用法不对。
2.A 根据全文以及这里的表示痛苦和灾难的词screams,tears和terror判断只有blood与它们是同
一个范畴的。
3.B根据整个文章判断,世贸大厦倒塌后,人们不再去吃早饭和工作,由下句中的And never again亦可得到提示。
4.A 同上。
5.B根据前面的morning判断,这里说的是今天的事情。
6.D话当然是"说"出来的。
7.D根据上下文判断。
8.B世贸大厦倒塌使人们感到从未有过的痛苦。
9.C根据后文判断,作者是从书本上了解到的二次世界大战。
10.D若选lesson或text,则前面的介词应该是in。
11.C根据上下文以及后面的wealth和there would be no more wars判断。
12.D生活在没有战争的时代,所以是"幸运"的。
13.C 这里是说飞机撞击世贸大厦。
14. A 根据后面的seeing those heroes risk their lives among the castle-like ruins判断,消防员在倒塌的大楼里救援的时候是充满了恐慌的。
15.B这里是指人们为自己的家人而哭泣。
16.A根据上下文判断。
17.C根据19空处的mankind来判断。
18.B这里描述的是人们"急切"为伤员捐血。
19.A人们为伤员捐血反映了人类美丽的一面。
20.D邪恶是永远不会战胜正义的。
EX.3
1.A因为每个节日都"有"一个主题,所以"节水日"也是一样。
2.B这里是指没有洁净的水,所以饮用也就不"安全"。
3.C 这里是说联合国"希望"将这个数字减少一半。
4.D要达到这个目的有极大的困难,好像是一个不真实的挑战。
5.C这里是说"甚至"青少年也可以参与到这个活动中,做一些有帮助的事情。
6.B泛指与之年龄相仿的其他青少年,并非指其他某类人。
7.A根据后文知是"收集"废弃龟池。
8.B是由于电池里面的"化学物"对环境造成的污染和危害。
9.B这里只有"回收"电池符合上下文。
10.A人人都能做点事是因为人人都"使用"它。
11.B因为她有这种想法,所以她开始使她生活的地方的人们认识到这一点。
12.A于是她就向她们县的管理部门和学校董事会"谈"这件事。
13.C因为后面有and,所以这里只能用as well as。
14.A存waste-management部门工作的是政府官员。
15.D这里说的是她制作一个用于宣传教育的电视影像。
16 . D根据这甲的but判断。
17.A根据后面的答语not really来判断。
18.C根据下文判断。
19.D根据后文知,the Gloria Barron Prize每年都要"奖励"些8到18岁的那些"为公众服务和保护地
球"的青少年.
20.C 同上。

EX.4
1.B 既已存在多年,自然不是new,另后文有提示popular和很多人仍然了解、熟悉。
2.A由第二、三、四、五段陈述的Salsa演变的事实决定此空应为believe。
3.C从Salsa最初的形式到今天的形式应是演变、发展,而不是发明、得到、形成。
4.D由后句1915 and 1930和in 1917知是20世纪初,不是middle和late。
5.A从前句settled,本句的50,000 Puerto Ricans以及后文内容知此处应是arrived,不是B、C、D项。
6.B移民是一项严肃的国策,涉及许多社会问题,只有法(1aw)才能解决,并非计划、建议、规定能决定。
7.C从前后文看此处移民是国与国之间的移民,只能是移进移出,并非前后、上下和空泛的here and
there。
8.D从前句的in and out和下段的移民数字800,000及本句句意综合看答案应是相对于一般移民的严格限制而言的自由freely,而不是时间的快、慢和进度的gradually。
9.C A选项是指精确地,B选项是指当然地,与前后文逻辑上毫无关联且与事实不符,D选项是指不可能地,在文中不合逻辑,C选项由上下文可知。
10.A移民带到美国的音乐和舞蹈的风格,"带到"只能是brought to。
11.B从句意和文意看能够改编、创作乐曲的人当然是选项四种人中的B。
12.A WflS born诞生、问世,音乐诞生只能用was born。
13.D told讲述,A、B、C与文意均不相符。
14.C make a living谋生,对于新移民而言首要的任务是谋生,不是在纽约旅游。make a room留出空间,与文意不符,make a contribution做贡献,更是与文意不符。
15.C该句前后两部分内容形成对照,后一句讲另一种风格的Salsa became popular,前一句自然就是no longer popular。
16.A后者替代前者。
17.B 演奏,played接乐器类名词,showed表演,acted扮演。
18. B Man, Woman填于此空与全文没有任何联系,由continue可推断答案应为Young。
19.C hip-hop和salsa都是音乐,音乐只能听到。
20.C 由后句想跳舞知答案为c,光听还不够,还要伴乐而跳。


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本文档是个人收集整理的,仅供交流学习,如有错误,欢迎指正!

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