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BOOK 3 Module 1 How to learn English 【1】Speaking English We study spoken English in order to talk with English speakers. We should find some partners to practise speaking English together. If we want to make friends with other English learners and improve our interest in English, going to an English corner? We can also improve our speaking by role-play. For example, three people make a group: one speaks Chinese, one acts as a foreigner who can only speak English, and the third acts as translator. Then change roles. This is a good method for learning from one another. If we need to practise our pronunciation, we read some English tongue twisters? Can you say "I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream" correctly? When we speak in English, we pay more attention to phrases and small words, because real spoken English is full of short phrases, and most of these phrases are made of small words. that other English skills can also improve our speaking. Writing and reading help us to learn more vocabulary, and improve our spoken English. Complete the passage with the following expressions. Pay attention to capitals when needed. don't forget; how about; should; try to; why don't 【2】An Interview Q1: Thank you for allowing me to interview you, Miss Lin. Can I start by asking you how you learnt English? A1: It was very hard work. I did not have all the help modern students have. I had a grammar book and worked until I completed it.

I will show it to my teacher and ask him to correct my mistakes. After school I did some English language exercises I found on the Internet. My results were good! Day 2: Today I saw two foreign tourists looking at a map. I went to them and asked, "Can I help you?" They smiled and thanked me. We talked for ten minutes. I gave them some sightseeing advice.

What are my main problems with English? I think my pronunciation is not very clear. I read and learn how to spell new words and their meanings, but I don't know how to say them. This evening I used an online Day 3: dictionary which you click to hear the correct pronunciation. I will make a list of new words, and use this in future—it was very useful. Tonight I listened to the radio in English. They were speaking very fast so I could not understand much. It's Day 4: all right to guess some words, but not 50% of them! I think I will buy some CDs of English songs and learn the words. I told Zhang my plan, and he invited me to his home. They have lots of Karaoke VCDs of English songs. Day 5: We sang pop songs in English and had fun. We understood most of the words. My daily English language practice is already getting me better marks in English. Soon I will be top of the class! Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box. correct; diary; guess; main; notebook; lot; smile; spell 1. If you don't know the answer, . 2. You have full marks! You've got them all . 3. It's hard to find a word in the dictionary when you do not know how to 4. I will come to bed in a minute. I'm writing in my . 5. I can't come to the party for of reasons. 6. This is only a small post office. The one is in the town centre. 7. At the beginning of the school year I buy 10 new . 8. I want you all to for the photo. Say "cheese".

Q2: Do you think this is a good way to learn a language? Well, it is not very enjoyable and it doesn't help your pronunciation, but you don't make many grammar A2: mistakes! You should find the method that is best for you. Don't forget to use all the help you can get from tapes, newspapers, radio and the Internet. Q3: Some people are very shy when they speak a foreign language. What do you say to them? A3: It's like swimming—if you want to learn, take a deep breath and jump into the water. Find someone who speaks English and ask him / her to sit and talk to you.

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Q4: What sort of books should students read? A4: The main point is that the book should interest you. Go to the library and find a book that you will enjoy. Don't use one that is too easy or too difficult.

Q5: What mistakes do language learners often make? A5: Some have language holidays. That's a bad habit. You need daily practice or you may forget things. Don't think: "Oh, it's a holiday. I'm going to relax." That is not a good attitude.

Q6: Do you use your dictionary a lot? A6: Yes, I think a good dictionary is very important. I enjoy finding new words! Match these words with their meanings. 1 grammar 2 complete 3 pronunciation 4 mistake 5 daily 6 relax 7 advice 8 breath 【3】Learner Diary Day 1: Today I'm starting writing my learner diary. I'm going to write something in my notebook every day. Maybe
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a air going in and out of the body b not work hard, rest c what I think you should do d once every 24 hours e getting something wrong f finish g rules of a language h way of saying a word

【4】You Have to Be Careful! There are many possible problems we encounter when learning languages. Sometimes people feel shy when they speak a foreign language and they start using strange voices. Oral examiners sometimes find students start using very high voices or shouting. When someone does not understand us, we may start speaking more loudly, but it does not help when it is a language problem! When people learn languages from books, they may know the grammar and vocabulary quite well, but not be able to pronounce words correctly. Then there may be many misunderstandings. Sometimes someone says something very nice and polite, but because their pronunciation is wrong it causes trouble—people hear something very naughty and everyone's face goes red! What else can go wrong? Some learners may be good at speaking. Maybe you can ask in French, "How do I get to the station?" But if your listening is not good, it won't help you when the Frenchman (who thinks you are a fluent speaker of French) gives you a long, fast answer that you cannot understand. You also need to be sure you speak the correct form of a language. For example, Japanese men and women speak slightly differently. Also, if you learn a language from books you may be using words from the past that no one uses anymore, and do not sound natural. You really do have to be careful. Complete the passage with the words in the box. days; high; polite; red; careful; language; pronunciation; speak; grammar; old; quickly; woman The article says that there is more to learn a(n) than just to remember words and rules. Sometimes we are good at one thing and not another: We can well, but we cannot understand replies that are spoken too . We may learn the wrong form of a language: a man may speak like a(n) or we may use very words that no one uses these . If our of a word is wrong, people may not understand us or we may say something

that is not and people will be embarrassed and their faces will go . When we speak a foreign language we may do strange things—some people use very or loud voices and the people listening to them want to smile. We need to be when we learn a language. 【5】A Problem Teacher: OK, everyone, it's time to begin. Are you ready? Students: Yes! Teacher: Great! I've got a great problem for you to discuss. You need to listen carefully. A man is driving home late at night. It's raining and it's very very cold. At a bus stop he sees three people waiting for a bus. The first person is his best friend. This friend once saved his life. The second person is an old lady. She's very ill and needs to go to hospital. The third person is a woman. The man loves this woman very much. The man wants to help all three people but he can only take one person in his car. What should he do? Student 1: Why can he only take one person in his car? Teacher: I don't know. Maybe he's got a lot of things in it. He can't take them out. Student 2: I think he should take the woman. Student 3: Yes, but what about the old lady? She's very ill. Teacher: Everyone, this is our problem for discussion. So why don't you get into groups and discuss it? Read the conversation and explain the problem in your own words. Use the questions below to help you. 1. What are the three people doing? 2. Explain why the man in the car wants to help the three people: He wants to help the man because ... He wants to help the old lady because ... He wants to help the woman because ... 3. What decision does he have to make? Why? Module 2 Experiences 【1】A Newcomer Marcus is Danish, but he has recently left Denmark and come to London because of a new job. A. The only small problem he has had was moving out of the flat he was offered when he first arrived. B. This was because the bus routes had changed just before he started to work in the new company and it took him two hours to get to his workplace every day. C. Marcus liked living in the first flat very much, because it was comfortable. D. He expected to have quite a lot of problems but he hasn't had any big ones so far. E. Unfortunately, the journey from the flat to work was too long. F. Therefore, he has had to move to a new place closer to the company. Marcus hasn't been worried by this problem at all and he is really enjoying the new work. Now, everything is fine. Everyone has been friendly to him since he arrived and he has already made a lot of new friends. "It is a good place to use my knowledge and it has got a good environment—weather, traffic and people," said Marcus. Reorder sentences A—F. 【2】The Job for Me Dear Sir / Madam, I have seen your advertisement for a teacher in the magazine Guangzhou Education I think I'm suitable for the job. I am 28 years old. I finished my high school education in Xiamen, and then went to university in Fuzhou. I studied languages, with English as my major. I always got good scores for all my subjects. At university, I was a very active student. I was chairman of the English Film Club and a member of the university squash team. I have travelled to a number of English-speaking countries. I think my English language skills have improved as a result and I can teach senior classes without any problems. I have worked as a teacher for four years. I have taught at a well-known language school in Hangzhou. This has been a good
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experience. I have taught special courses in Writing for Business, showing people how to write good business letters and email messages. I have also started a new course: Spoken English for Tour Guides. All these experiences have helped me become a good teacher. I am a warm and friendly person, and my students enjoy their lessons. I like my students to work hard, but I think language learning can be fun. I encourage students to use English outside the classroom, do projects and take part in English language activities. I have helped students put on plays and give concerts of English songs. I want to live in Guangzhou and teach in your school. I hope for an interview so I can tell you more. Yours faithfully, William Fang Complete the sentences with the words in the box. centre; experience; invited; person; scores; senior; suitable; tour 1. The university some foreign professors to come and talk to the students. 2. On the , you can see lots of interesting places and improve your Japanese. 3. She is a new teacher with very little . 4. You can improve your English at the college English . 5. I don't think he is . He never allows the students to practise. 6. I think she is the right for the job. She seems very clever and nice. 7. Who is going to teach the class? 8. Your on the test aren't very good. You must all work harder. 【3】What Have You Never Done but Want to Do? P: I have never made a film. I love watching films and going to the cinema. I want to find a good story and use it to make a very exciting film with beautiful colours and music. I have read a lot of books about film-making. It isn't easy and I need a lot of help, but that is my dream. Q: I have never travelled on an aeroplane. I want to be a special passenger so that the pilot and stewards welcome me when I come on to the plane. I want to sit in the cabin, watch us take off and then enjoy the good food and drinks and then land in interesting places like Tokyo and Singapore. I have travelled on a train but I think flying is more exciting! That's my dream. R: I have never written a book. I have only written small things like brochures and projects. I want to go to the bookshop and see my book there with a lot of people buying it. Perhaps my photo will be on the back and I will be a famous person! S: I have never won a competition. I have entered a lot of competitions but I have never had a prize. I want to receive a telephone call telling me I have won a big prize—a holiday in an interesting city or a computer. Will they put my picture in the newspaper? I hope they will! T: I have never been to a rock concert. I enjoy rock music and listen to a lot of rock CDs but I haven't been to a concert. My hometown is small and has no concerts or big bands. I want to go to a city and hear some good music and meet my favourite rock stars. That's my dream. Choose the best answer. 1. Who likes music? R. S. T. 2. Who wants to travel? P. Q. R. 3. Who probably likes Stephen Spielberg? P. R. S. 4. Who wants to be a famous person? Q. R. T. 5. Who enjoys winning?

Q. S. T. 6. Who is often in the cinema? P. R. T. 【4】How I Have Spent My Life We were all students together many, many years before. We had finished the noodles at the end of the meal, when the monitor said, "Let's take it in turns to talk about our experiences." Cathy started," I have travelled a lot. Because of my work I have visited many countries. I have seen the River Amazon, shopped in Paris, seen the snow in Canada, and been riding on a camel in the Arabian Desert." Joyce said, "I have been very successful and am rich. I have opened many businesses, worked hard and had plenty of good ideas." "Well, I have done a lot of good things. I have spent my life looking after people in hospital, raising money for the hospital's services and helping people," said Ricky. Next was Ken. Once he was a cute little boy; now he was a serious older man with heavy glasses and not much hair. "I have worked in a science research centre. I have been busy in my laboratory day after day. I have always been thinking about the future and helping us get ready for it." Then there was silence. "So what about you, May?" May smiled sweetly, "I have done everything you have all done." "How can that be?" "I have travelled all around the world and into space and into the past and many other wonderful things, all through the world of books. I have done well by looking after my old parents. I have prepared for the future by bringing up a lovely daughter. I have been very happy, and I am rich in love." Everyone agreed this was the best life of all. What do you think? Complete the sentences with the names of the people. 1. Cathy's life represents seeing the world. 2. life represents helping others. 3. life represents making money. 4. life represents thinking. 5. life represents family 【5】Happy to Go Home Mike Robinson is a 15-year-old English schoolboy. His sister Clare is 14. At the moment, Mike and Clare are at a school in Sydney, one of the biggest cities in Australia. They have been there for two years. They like the school, but they know that soon they will leave and return to England with their parents. Mike and Clare have also been to schools in America, Germany, France and China. This is because their father, Peter, works for a very big international company. The company has offices in many different countries. The company has sent Peter to work in many different countries. Peter usually stays in one country for about two years. Then the company moves him again. His family always goes with him. The Robinsons are a happy family and love seeing the world. Mike and Clare have learnt to speak French, German and a little Chinese. The two children have friends all over the world. But they are glad that they are going to return to England. Recently, the children told their parents, "We want to stay in England. We don't want to move again." Their father agrees and has asked his company to keep him in England. The company has agreed. Mike and Clare are very happy about this. Answer the questions. 1. Where are Mike and Clare at school? 2. What countries have the Robinson family lived in? 3. Who does Peter Robinson work for? 4. Where does the company have offices? 5. How long does Peter stay in one country?
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6. What languages have Mike and Clare learnt to speak? 7. What do the children now want to do? 8. Why are Mike and Clare very happy? Module 3 Journey to space 【1】China's Successful Manned Space Mission China has succeeded in sending its first manned spacecraft into orbit, making it only the third country ever to send a human into space. Only the United States and the Soviet Union had previously sent humans into space. On board was a single astronaut, Yang Liwei. He was expected to circle the planet 14 times, returning to Earth after a flight of about 22 hours. Yang Liwei, a 38-year-old serving in the People's Liberation Army, was only publicly confirmed as the first astronaut—or yuhangyuan—just before the flight began. His first words to mission control from space were, "I feel good. See you tomorrow." Yang spent more than 21 hours in outer space, travelling more than 600,000 kilometres in earth orbit before Shenzhou 5 brought him back at 6:23 a.m. Beijing time October 16. Yang said he felt excellent after the more than 21-hour journey, the first by a Chinese. Write short answers to the questions. 1. What is special about Yang Liwei's mission? 2. Which two countries have completed the same mission before? 3. Where does the first Chinese astronaut work? 4. How long did the journey take? 5. Which word in the passage tells us that Yang Liwei travelled alone? 【2】Mars Mystery Day 1: We have now landed. We haven't yet opened the doors or left the spacecraft. The planet looks like a desert on Earth. It will be dark soon, so we will stay in the spacecraft. The scientists with us are in a hurry to go out and explore, but we do not know what we will discover, so we will be careful. Day 2: We have travelled about 2 km in every direction from the spacecraft, but we have not discovered anything interesting yet. There are some mountains about 20 km away. Tomorrow most of the team will go there. I will stay on the spacecraft alone. Day 3: The scientists have reached the mountains. They have already discovered a lake. There is some water left on Mars. Maybe there is some life. I have found some special stones. I have not seen any like them before. Day 4: The scientists have not come back yet. The stones I found yesterday have grown larger in the night. I do not understand how this can happen. Day 5: The team in the mountains has not yet contacted me. Have they lost or broken their radio-phone? This morning the stones were even bigger and a different colour. I have taken them outside. I do not want them on the spacecraft. Tonight the wind is blowing and the air is full of sand. Day 6: The weather has been very bad. The storm has not yet finished. I cannot go outside. I received a short message from one scientist. "Go, go, go," is all he said. The stones I put outside are shining. I don't know what has happened. There were no more messages! Write the day that each of the following things happen. 1. They do not find anything important. 2. The writer takes something into the spacecraft. 3. The writer starts to feel afraid. 4. The astronauts decide it is safe to leave the spacecraft. 5. The writer is left alone. 6. The visit to Mars seems very successful. 7. They decide to wait before leaving the spacecraft.

Day Day Day Day Day Day Day

8. The writer has lost contact with the others. 9. The writer is surprised and puzzled. 10. The writer of the reports decides to stay with the spacecraft.

Day Day Day

【3】Some Planets The four planets closest to the Sun—Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars—are the four inner planets of the solar system. After Mars, there are some very large planets. They are called "gas giants" because they do not have a surface you can walk on. The largest planet in the solar system is Jupiter, the fifth planet. Jupiter has many volcanoes and a big red spot. That is a big storm. Spacecraft have been to Jupiter. It has a lot of interesting moons—63 in all. Two of them, Europa and Callisto, may have icy seas. We haven't explored them yet. Small spacecraft have already explored the sixth planet, Saturn, with its many beautiful rings. We do not yet know what causes the rings. Saturn is very cold and not a good place for humans or for life. One of its moons, called Titan, looks more suitable. The seventh planet is Uranus. We have not yet learnt much about it. It is blue-green in colour and takes 84 Earth years to travel in orbit around the Sun. The eighth planet is Neptune, 4.5 billion km from the Sun. Scientists discovered it in 1824. They watched the orbit of Uranus and made use of mathematics to find Neptune. A spacecraft has passed and taken photos, but no spacecraft has studied it carefully. Pluto lies past the gas giants, very far away. A scientist discovered it in 1930. We have many questions to ask about Pluto, but no spacecraft has gone near it. Pluto is very far from the Sun and very little light or heat reaches it. It is not alone though— there are quite a lot of icy objects out there with it. Scientists have discovered 500 of them, and one, Quaoar, has been "named" the 10th planet by a couple of scientists. Check the things we have already done. 1. Discovered what Jupiter's red spot is. 2. Learnt much about Uranus. 3. Taken photos of the ninth planet. 4. Sent spacecraft to explore Saturn's rings. 5. Sent machines to explore Jupiter's moons. 6. Discovered why Saturn has rings. 7. Taken photos of the eighth planet. 8. Discovered Quaoar. 9. Sent spacecraft to the fifth planet. 【4】The War of the Worlds Late in the nineteenth century, people were excited to see flashes of light coming from Mars, the red planet. What could they be? On the following nights strange lights moved through the sky. Something was happening, but no one knew what. Then large metal objects landed around London. When they hit the ground, they made deep holes, but they were too hot to get close to. Were they spacecraft? Was there life on Mars? Thousands of people gathered near the strange objects. Policemen and soldiers watched carefully. Little markets opened with people selling food and drink. Then noises started coming from some of the objects. Strange mirrors rose from them. They looked around and then, suddenly, a laser gun burnt everything it touched. Hundreds were killed. The Martians were here and they were not friendly. Soon huge machines with three legs were moving around. The government brought up big guns. But the Martians were too strong. Then they started moving round in flying machines—something that had never been seen before. Everyone left London. It looked as if Martians would easily take over Earth. Mars was an old dying planet; the Martians looked at Earth and decided to come and live here. They had very big heads and very small bodies. They did everything with machines. For food they needed animal blood, and they really liked human blood. They would keep humans as farm animals. Then suddenly the Martians all started to die. The Earth's bacteria were new to them and killed them. Humans were saved. This is the story of the famous old book by H. G. Wells: The War of the Worlds.
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Match the sentences with the words in the box. flash; sky; metal; close; mirror; ray; gun; brain; blood; bacterium 1. It isn't far—you can walk there in three minutes. 2. Go and look at your face—it is very dirty! 3. She is very clever! 4. The room was bright for just a second or two. 5. Look up—isn't the Moon beautiful tonight? 6. Look at the sunlight coming into the room through that window! 7. Wash your hands carefully before you eat. 8. I have had an accident and cut my hand. 9. Put up your hands! This is a robbery! 10. It's not stone or wood. 【5】The Moon Missions People have looked at the moon and written poems about it for thousands of years, but nobody expected to go there until 1961 when Yuri Gagarin made the first manned space flight. Then the Americans decided to send a man to the moon. Apollo 11 took off on 16 July, 1969. The moon is 238,900 miles from Earth and the journey took four days. On 21 July, Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. The astronaut in the pictures of the first moon landing isn't Neil Armstrong. The photos show the second man to walk on the moon, Buzz Aldrin. That's because Armstrong took the photos! There were six manned missions to the moon between 1969 and 1972, and 12 people have walked on the moon. No astronauts have been to the moon since 1972. We've learnt a lot about the moon because of these missions. For example, we know that there's no life there. Nothing has ever lived on the moon, but some scientists think that people will live on the moon one day. Life on the moon won't be easy. It will be a difficult and dangerous place to live. Answer the questions. 1. When did the first astronaut go to the moon? 2. How far is the moon from Earth? 3. How long did the Apollo 11 astronauts take to get to the moon? 4. Who do the photos of the first moon landing show? Why? 5. How many astronauts have walked on the moon? 6. When did the last astronauts go to the moon? 7. Why will life on the moon be difficult? 8. Would you like to live on the moon? Why or why not? Module 4 Education 【1】American and German Schools This year some twenty-three hundred teenagers (young people aged from 13 to 19) from all over the world will spend about ten months in the US homes. They will attend the US schools and meet the US teenagers. Teenagers will go to other countries to learn new languages and understand the rest of the world better. Here is an example of a two-way student exchange: Fred, 19, spent last year in Germany with George's family. In turn, George's son Mike spent a year in Fred's home in America. Fred knew little German when he arrived, but after 2 months the language began to come to him. Schools were completely different from what he had expected—much harder. Students stood up when the teacher entered the classroom. They took 14 subjects instead of 6 that are usual in the US. There were almost no outside activities. Mike was also forming his own idea. "I think I should criticise American schools," he says. "It is far too easy by German standards. But I have to say I like it very much. In Germany, we do nothing but study. Here we took part in many outside activities. I think that your schools are better for training citizens. There should be some middle ground between the two." Choose the best answer. 1. The whole exchange programme is mainly to ____. A. help teenagers in others countries know the real America

B. let students learn something about other countries C. send students to travel in Germany D. have teenagers learn new languages 2. Explain the sentence "... the language began to come to him." A. He began to understand and speak the language. B. He started to study the language. C. People began to speak to him. D. He went to a place where people spoke good German. 3. Both Fred and Mike agree that ____. A. German teachers are better than American teachers B. German schools are harder than American schools C. American schools are harder than German schools D. there isn't much difference between German and American schools 【2】Project Help Dear ____, 1. Education is very important for everyone. With education people can get jobs and choose a safe and healthy life. A country of educated people will be a successful one. Sadly, however, there are young people who are not receiving education. Their parents are too poor or do not understand how important it is. Children drop out of school after only a few years and before they have learnt enough. You can help these children. 2. How? We are writing to all businesses in the area for help. Please give us something useful or organise a money-raising activity for us. Talk to your workers. A factory concert or a company sale can help us to help children get an education. Every yuan you raise can help pay for school buildings, teachers and books. Your money will help us train boys and girls to be good workers for the future. 3. Project Help has been active since 1975 and is well known both in China and abroad. As people have heard of us they are more willing to help. Please do something to help. Read what He Wanjing says: My school was far away. My father told me I had to drop out. He could not pay for the bus or books. Then Project Help opened a school in our village. Now we can all have a good education. Thank you, Project Help. 4. Every business has some skills or products that can be useful to Project Help. If we all work together, we can build a better country—and the smiles of the children and their schools will be a big "thank you" for you. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. but; centre; done; for; good; has; have; gone; long; ten A: How have you had a school here in the village? B: It has been here ten years now. A: How you improved the school in those years? B: At first we only had one teacher, now we have three. In the beginning there was only one book for students, but now everyone one. A: Are your teachers trained? B: Yes, we have trained them in our teacher . A: Are you having results? B: Yes, now all the children in the village can read and write, and some have into the city for a senior high school education. A: You have certainly a good job. B: Thank you. 【3】School Action Group Introduction: After a lot of discussion, we have decided to raise money for Project Help, a group that builds new schools in small villages. Now we must decide the methods of raising money. People have made a number of suggestions. Suggestions:
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1. We can have a basketball day. Students can pay the school's best basketball players for lessons and advice on the game. Then we can have a special match and sell tickets for it. Discussion: Basketball is very popular in the school and probably a lot of people would be interested. We must ask the players for their help. They will probably say yes. The school will allow us to use the gymnasium and teachers will help. 2. There are many students who are good at art. We can get a lot of pictures and put them in a hall in town, and ask people to pay to see them. Discussion: The idea is nice, but we are afraid not many people will be interested. It will be difficult to find a good place and we won't be able to raise much money. 3. We should have a concert. Some of our members play in bands. We can ask them to give a special show for Project Help. Since it is for raising money to help children, we can ask students to pay for tickets. Discussion: It will be hard work to prepare a good concert. We will need the help of the school and teachers. We should talk to the bands and the music teacher. It may be better to have a singing competition and ask people to pay to join. Conclusion: It is not easy to get good ideas. Sport and music are popular. We should do more work on these ideas. Find words in the passage with these meanings. 1. talking about something (10 letters) 2. way (6 letters) 3. game (5 letters) 4. sports room (9 letters) 5. large room (4 letters) 6. give money for (3 letters) 7. worried (6 letters) 8. musical group (4 letters) 9. get ready (7 letters) 10. liked by many (7 letters) 【4】Helping Others Thomas Barnardo was born in Ireland in 1845. He was not very successful at school, but he wanted to help people. He moved to London and started to study medicine. London was full of poor children. Barnardo decided to help and opened a school for poor boys. The school was popular; Barnardo was a good teacher and he had a lot of ideas. All his ideas needed money. In 40 years he raised ? 3,250,000. That is a large amount of money now; then, it was huge! Barnardo made friends with rich and important people, he wrote letters and made speeches. He started a club for Young Helpers with 34,000 teenage members who raised money for the poor children. He also sold photos of children before and after they received help. These pictures made his work famous, and showed people their money was really improving the lives of poor children. Barnardo opened not only schools, but homes for boys who had nowhere to go. Barnardo and his staff went into the streets looking for children who needed help. The boys learnt to make shoes and brushes, and earned money carrying messages (there were no telephones then). In 1873, he opened his first home for girls—and later there was a Girls' Village to help many more. It had 70 houses with 1,000 young women. Barnardo was so busy that he did not become a doctor until 1876. His next idea was to pay people to take care of homeless children so that they had families, and he helped many more go to Canada and Australia (but not everyone thought this was a good idea). When Barnardo died in 1905, he had helped thousands and thousands of people and made their lives happier. Answer the questions. 1. Was Barnardo a good student? 2. Why did he go to London? 3. Why was his school successful? 4. Why do you think people bought the photos of poor children? 5. Why does the passage tell us Barnardo went into the streets to look for children? 6. Do you think Barnardo used the boys to make money? 7. How long did it take for Barnardo to become a doctor? 8. Why did Barnardo think it was better for the children to be in ordinary people's houses than to be in his homes?

【5】A girl in Nepal The picture shows eighteen-year-old Katy Ross in Nepal, a small country north of India. Katy left school eight months ago and soon she will go to university. She loves travelling and decided to visit Asia before she goes to university. Katy is living with a family in the capital of Nepal. She has learnt a lot about the country since she arrived four months ago. The family has two children but many uncles and cousins live with them in their big house. They have taken Katy to many parties. Katy teaches for four hours a day at a small school. All the classes are in English, and the pupils have spoken English since the age of six. The older children speak English very well. Katy has taught writing, grammar, and art, all in English. She enjoys art the most, and she thinks the children like these lessons best, too! Katy has not had a lot of time to see Nepal, but soon, she will stop teaching and travel around Nepal with a friend. "After that," Katy says, "we'll visit more countries in Asia. We're not sure which ones yet." Answer the questions. 1. When did Katy leave school? 2. Where is she? 3. How long has she been there? 4. Who is Katy living with? 5. Where has the family taken her? 6. How long have the pupils at the school spoken English? 7. What has Katy taught at the school? 8. What are Katy's plans? Module 5 Western music 【1】The Biggest Band in the World The Beatles are probably the most famous pop group in the world. A Beatles song is played every second of the day on radios across the world. 1966 was the most successful year for the band although it broke up in 1970. The Beatles were made up of John Lennon, Paul McCarthy, George Harrison and Pete Best (Ringo Starr replaced Pete Best in 1962). They began playing together in 1959 and were rejected by 4 record companies. Three years later they were accepted by Parlophone record company. Their first single Love Me Do came out in 1962. Simple love words and beautiful tunes made the Beatles popular at once. By the end of 1963, the Beatles were the most popular group in Europe. They sold millions of records, and their fans copied their hairstyles and clothes. Their contract with the American record company EMI started in 1963 and their fifth record was released there. During the next two years Europe and America went crazy for the Beatles. They played hundreds of concerts all over the world. Their concert held in 1965 set another record: singing before an audience of 55,600 people. Sadly, John Lennon was shot dead outside his apartment building in New York in 1980. The later music of the other three members can never compare with the extraordinary work of the Beatles. Number the events in the order in which they happened. a. The Beatles were rejected by four record companies. b. The Beatles' first single came out. c. America and Europe went crazy for the Beatles. d. John Lennon, Paul McCarthy, George Harrison and Pete Best began to play together. e. The Parlophone record company agreed to support the Beatles. f. The Beatles became the most popular group in Europe. g. The Beatles split up. h. John Lennon was shot dead. i. Their last concert set a record for the biggest audience. j. The Beatles fifth record was released in America. 【2】Music Helps the Young
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Why is music an important subject that every child should study? First of all, music helps us when we are unhappy, and gives us pleasure when we are happy. There are many different types of music: slow and fast, serious and relaxing. We can choose the music to match our feelings. And second, music is fun. Everyone enjoys playing a drum and using their energy! Scientists say that music helps children with language learning. Singing simple songs is good for young children. Music improves the ear—and we know that children who have studied music can learn foreign languages more easily and pronounce them far better. Students who have learnt to play music are also better at mathematics. This is not surprising, as music is mathematical, with notes in order. Playing music with other people also teaches children to work together. People who can play musical instruments always have something they can do at a party. Older children who play in school bands and orchestras enjoy school more and do not drop out of school early. You need a lot of practice to play an instrument, and it can be difficult to persuade your child to spend hours at the piano or playing the guitar. So music practice should be a daily habit—for example, every day after school, but do not make the practice too long. Parents should listen to their child playing and tell him or her that they enjoy it. Practice should also be fun. It is also a good idea to finish the practice with a piece of music the child likes, and so learning music will be a pleasant part of the day. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. drums; guitar; improved; instrument; notes; serious; simple; slow A. I have practised every day and have a lot. B. I play the electric in my band, and do some of the singing. C. You aren't playing the right —that is why it doesn't sound good! D. I can only play music—I have not played the piano for long. E. You need guitars and for a rock band. F. What do you want to learn to play? The violin, the erhu, or the trumpet? G. Don't play so fast—this part needs to be and soft. 【3】The Musical Not everyone is a fan of opera. People say that operas, both Chinese or classical European are too serious, or just too noisy. Opera goes on for too long. There is, however, a much lighter sort of musical theatre that is easier to enjoy than the classical one, and that is the musical. The musical—a story with music, songs and lots of dancing—started in the USA and many of the most famous musicals come from New York, especially from Broadway, the area from 40th St. to 52nd St. and Times Square. Hollywood soon saw how popular musicals were and started filming them. You may know the song and dance moments like Singing in the Rain. One of the most successful musical films was made in 1959: The Sound of Music. About the same time, the famous conductor and composer Leonard Bernstein wrote West Side Story, a modern Romeo and Juliet, telling a story about teenage love in New York. Nowadays one of the most important composers of musicals is an Englishman, Andrew Lloyd Webber. His musical, Evita, became a famous film and the song Don't Cry for Me, Argentina is known by millions. The Phantom of the Opera is about a strange man who lives secretly in the Paris Opera House. Cats is a favourite with many people. When the show came to Shanghai people waited from 5 a.m. in the morning for tickets! Why do people like musicals so much? The dancing is excellent. The tunes are easy to remember. The stories make you cry and laugh, and there is lots of change and excitement. If you can, do go and see a musical and see if you agree! Check the true statements 1. Opera is very noisy. 2. Some people think opera is boring. 3. A musical is not as serious as a classical opera. 4. Broadway is in New York. 5. The first musicals were films. 6. People in Shanghai were not interested in Cats.

7. There is a lot to see as well as to hear in a good musical. 【4】The Jazz Festival Jazz was born in the southern United States, in the city of New Orleans. So if you want to hear jazz, you have to visit. The best time to come is in late spring (April and May) at the time of the Jazz Festival. You have heard of the Jazz Festival, haven't you? It started in 1970, and now it is huge. Nearly a million people come to enjoy the music. During the day, everyone goes to the Race Course where there are 12 stages for different types of African American music (jazz, the blues, rock, folk and so on). Each band performs for about an hour. At night, there are big jazz concerts in the clubs and halls of the city. The really big names of jazz come to play. There are hundreds of other small performances in the city's bars, restaurants and street corners. What else is there to do? There's also a big fair on the Race Course. You can buy art, clothes, jewellery and local food. Actually, New Orleans is a beautiful place to visit at any time of the year. The French Quarter has some of the oldest buildings in the States, some Spanish from about 1700, and some French from a little later. You can see the country's oldest theatre, the homes of famous writers and, in Bourbon Street, all the jazz clubs and restaurants that people travel from all over the world to see. The weather is warm and sunny in the Mississippi Valley in late spring, so wear light clothes and sunglasses. You are coming, aren't you? Book your ticket now! Complete the summary of the passage with the words in the box. April; old; began; restaurant; blues; Spanish; concerts; southern; Course; stages; experience; weather New Orleans is a(n) city with many fine and French buildings. It is down in the part of the United States and has warm . It is famous as the place where jazz . Every year it celebrates a festival of music around late and early May. You can hear lots of jazz as well as other types of African American music, such as the . The Race is filled with and tents where you can eat, shop and listen to music. In the evening there are across the city, or you can enjoy some music in a(n) or bar. You will hear music even if you just walk down the street. The festival is now very popular and lots of people go there. It is a very enjoyable . 【5】Vanessa-Mae The young violinist Vanessa-Mae was the first musician to use techno, dance and rock music in traditional classical music. Vanessa-Mae loved pop music, and she was also a very good classical violinist, and she brought the two kinds of music together. Vanessa-Mae was born in Singapore on October 27, 1978. She moved to London with her family when she was four. A year later, she started to learn the violin. When she was eight, she went to Beijing to study the violin. When she was ten, she played with a very famous group of classical musicians. But Vanessa-Mae doesn't only play the violin. She learnt the piano before she started to play the violin. She likes lots of different kinds of music, from Beethoven to the Beatles, and she wants to play the music she likes. Not only has she played in classical concerts all over the world, but she has also played in pop concerts with pop stars. A lot of people don't like the way she uses modern rhythms, noisy drums and guitars in traditional music. But Vanessa-Mae has done one important thing: she has brought many new fans to classical music. For the first time, many young people began to listen to classical music. Choose the correct answers. 1. What type of music does Vanessa-Mae like? A. Lots of different kinds of music. B. Only pop music. C. Only classical music. 2. Who listen to classical music because they like Vanessa-Mae? A. Young people. B. Pop stars. C. Classical musicians. 3. What was the first instrument she learnt to play? A. The piano.
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B. The violin. C. The drums. 4. Who has Vanessa-Mae played with? A. Many young people. B. Beethoven and the Beatles. C. Pop stars and classical musicians. Module 6 A famous story 【1】Stuart Little Stuart Little was a little mouse boy. He was adopted by a very kind couple. From then on, he became a member of this family and had a "cousin"—George. At the beginning, George didn't like Stuart, and thought it was Stuart that took away his parents' love. But finally, Stuart was very brave and helped George win a boat race. They became real cousins. There was a cat called Snowball in this family. One day, Stuart met him. Stuart was shaking hands with Snowball, "Nice kitty! Pretty kitty!" Snowball was looking at Stuart. "Do you feel warm?" "Yes. Thank you! I feel quite warm." Snowball seemed very angry, "Because I've got to sleep at the corner!" Stuart said to him, "Let me help you. What do you like? Can I ... can I scratch your belly?" "Ha! You'd better scratch my belly from inside, mouse-boy!" Stuart was confused. "Sorry, I don't understand you. I thought that's what you do with a pet." Snowball was laughing, "Pet? I am not your pet! I'm a cat. You're a mouse. You should be living in a hole. This is my family!" Check the true statements. 1. Stuart was the adopted son of this family. 2. George was fond of Stuart when he entered his family. 3. Stuart helped George once. 4. There was another mouse called Snowball in the family. 5. Snowball cared about the living conditions of Stuart. 6. Stuart showed friendliness to Snowball. 7. Snowball let Stuart scratch his belly. 8. Snowball was angry because he could only sleep in the corner. 9. Snowball accepted to be Stuart's pet. 10. Snowball wanted to get along well with Stuart. 【2】Mouse Tales 1. Once there was a mouse that lived on a farm in the country. It had a small home that was hot in the summer, cold in the winter and wet in the rain. All year the mouse worked hard looking for food in the fields. One day, a town mouse visited and said, "Why do you live here? It is more comfortable in the town and the food is better. Come with me to my home and I'll show you." 2. The farm mouse agreed and they travelled to the town mouse's home. The mice were eating bread and cheese. Some were sleeping by a warm fire, and others were playing on the tables. The farm mouse started to eat when suddenly the mice ran in all directions. The farm mouse went under a chair. It saw the cook and a large cat. They were busy looking for mice. The farm mouse jumped out of the window and went home. "I think a safe life is better than a comfortable one!" 3. Here is another story. A mouse ran on to a sleeping lion. The lion woke up. "What are you doing? Maybe I will eat you," said the lion. "Please don't. Let me go and I will help you one day," said the mouse. The lion laughed and watched the mouse run off. 4. A few days later, when the mouse was looking for food, it saw the lion. The lion was struggling in a net. "I can help you," said the mouse, and soon it was cutting through the net with its teeth. 5. In five minutes the lion was running off into the forest. It was very surprised and very happy. Check the true statements. 1. The town mouse likes the farm mouse's life. 2. The town mouse lives in a comfortable house.

3. The cook and cat were looking for the mice to give them food. 4. The story teaches us that it is better to be comfortable than safe. 5. The lion laughs because the mouse is so small. 6. The story teaches us that even small creatures can do great things. 【3】The Egg-man Alice met a lot of strange people during her journeys in Wonderland and inside the mirror. One of the strangest was Humpty Dumpty. When Alice was walking along, she suddenly saw an egg. It was sitting on a wall. When Alice came nearer, she saw the egg had eyes and a nose and a mouth. He had neat trousers with pockets, and a pink shirt. It was Humpty Dumpty and he was not looking friendly. "My name is Alice." "It's a stupid name. What does it mean?" He did not sound very friendly either. Alice asked another question, "Why are you sitting here alone?" "Because there is no one here with me!" Talking to Humpty Dumpty was not easy. Alice tried again. "Don't you think sitting on the ground is safer?" "No, I don't think so, but if I fall off, the King has promised to send his men to help me." Alice was thinking, "You cannot help a broken egg", but she said nothing. "The King came and spoke to me, but I am not proud. I will shake hands with you." Alice was afraid when she was shaking his hand. She didn't want him to fall off the wall. Alice told Humpty Dumpty his shirt was beautiful. "Yes," he said, "The King and Queen gave it to me for an un-birthday present." Alice did not understand. "What is an un-birthday present?" "A present for when it isn't your birthday. They are better than birthday presents because you can have them 364 days of the year." And then he started to sing to himself. Humpty Dumpty was very strange. Put Alice's thoughts into the correct order. a. I can see that, but why? b. Why is there an egg on the wall? c. Let me think of something nice to say to him and make him happy. d. Oh—it's a person—how strange! e. Please don't fall! f. Yours is much more silly. g. I don't think you will get that many. h. It will be too late then. 【4】Too Many Rabbits 1. Rabbits are cute animals and they are good to eat, so when Thomas Austin took 24 rabbits to Australia from England and let them run free on his farm in southern Victoria, he thought he was doing something good. But rabbits have a lot of young and grow quickly. In Britain there are many animals, like foxes, that kill rabbits, but in Australia there were none. Soon rabbits were a big problem. They were everywhere. 2. Soon the rabbits were moving across Australia. In a few years they were entering New South Wales. In 1887 there were rabbits in Queensland. Then by 1900 they were in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. In places, you could not see the ground for all the rabbits. 3. Of course, some people were enjoying hunting rabbits. In one day you could shoot hundreds. Other people were cooking and eating them, but the farmers were very angry because the rabbits would come and eat everything, especially if they were
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growing salad vegetables! 4. Also a lot of Australia is very dry and there is only a little grass for the cows and sheep farmers keep, but the rabbits were eating every green plant. The farmers tried to protect their land by building fences. One fence was 1833 kilometres long, but the fences were not successful. Other animals, like kangaroos, broke the fences, and then the rabbits just climbed over them. 5. In the 1950s scientists introduced a strong virus to Australian rabbits. Soon millions of them were dying because of the virus. The number of rabbits in the country went down and down. Slowly, however, the virus became less strong. Scientists try new viruses but they do not yet have a final solution to the problem. Complete the sentences. ? Para 1: Rabbits to Australia from England. ? Para 2: They soon across the country. ? Para 3: They are a big for farmers. ? Para 4: fences does not help. ? Para 5: Scientists use to control the rabbits. 【5】My Favourite Book 1. I love this book. It's a sad story, but it has a happy ending. It's about a beautiful black horse. In the beginning, he was happy. He lived with good people. Then he went to many different places, and sometimes people were unkind to him. But in the end the horse was living in his old home again. 2. It's my favourite book. At the beginning of the story, he was living with his aunt and uncle and cousin. He was getting ready to go to a new school, when suddenly dozens of letters started arriving at the house. He didn't know how much these letters were going to change his life! It's a great book. 3. It's the story of a little boy called Tom. He worked for a bad man called Grimes. But one day he ran away and went to live in a river. The book is all about the exciting things that happened while he was living under the water. Answer the questions. 1. Which character went to live under the river? 2. Whose life did dozens of letters change? 3. Which character is an animal? Module 7 Feelings and expressions 【1】"Cool" Is Cool "Cool" is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has taken on many different meanings. "Cool" can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything. When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you will say, "It's cool." You may think, "He's so cool," when you see your favourite footballer. We all maximise the meaning of "cool". You can use it instead of many words such as "new" or "surprising". Here's an interesting story we can use to show the way the word is used. A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall they had visited. On one student's paper was just the one sentence, "It's so cool." Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt. But the story also shows a scarcity of words. Without "cool", some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility. Can you think of many other words that make your life as colourful as the word "cool"? I can. And I think they are very cool too. Choose the correct answer. 1. The word "cool" has had ____. A. no meanings B. only one meaning C. the same meaning D. many different meanings 2. The old meaning of "cool" refers to ____.

A. temperature B. smell C. sound D. impression 3. If you are ____ something, you may say, "It's cool." A. afraid of B. interested in C. unhappy with D. angry about 4. The writer takes an example to show he is ____ the way the word is used. A. worried about B. pleased with C. careful with D. strange to 5. In the passage, the writer suggests that the word "cool" ____. A. usually refers to things that are old B. is not used much today C. may not be as cool as it seems D. can make your life colorful 【2】Where to Eat There are a number of different places to eat in the shopping centre. The Noodle House is small, but very popular. The noodle soup tastes very good, and the fried noodles with roast pork are delicious. Everything is clean and the staff are friendly. Prices are good too, but you may have to wait quite a long time as the restaurant is so busy. Rome is a new restaurant. It is very smart, but the pizzas here do not taste good. We did not eat our fish as it smelled bad. The waiters looked angry and we thought it was expensive. This restaurant has to improve. The Tokyo Restaurant has been here for many years, and the staff bow to customers when they enter and are very polite. The fish is very fresh and most of the food is delicious. The amount of food you get is quite small, but it always looks nice on the plate. The Golden Dragon is a large Chinese restaurant. It has a lot of different food. The sweet and sour pork is excellent, the Beijing Duck is famous, and the winter melon soup is good. Go there for a really good meal, but expect to pay a lot. Prices are high. The Come in Coffee Shop is very modern. There are many sorts of coffee and if you like sweet things, wait until you taste their cakes and cookies! You can also have sandwiches—I enjoyed the egg sandwich a lot. They have modern music playing, but it is often very noisy, so it is quite difficult to have a good conversation. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. bow; clean; polite; quite; smart; sour; sweet; tastes 1. You cannot shout at customers—it isn't . 2. Don't drink that milk; it has gone . 3. After playing the music, stand up and . 4. It is nice, but it is expensive. 5. White chocolate with mango and pineapple—it must be very . 6. Look—the plates are not —let's leave quickly! 7. You cannot wear jeans in the restaurant—you should look in a uniform. 8. This soup a bit salty to me. 【3】Seeing Is Understanding! I am a writer. I have a deep understanding of ordinary people. I can look at someone and know all about them. Look at these
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three people sitting on the train with me. First, there's a small woman with white hair. She is slim. Her clothes are dark. Her eyes look sad. Yes, she has had an unhappy life. She lives alone. She's too shy to be successful. She is afraid people are looking at her. She is like a mouse. "Why is that man looking at me? It's not very polite. My husband and sons will be waiting for me. They do miss me! We'll have lunch, I'll tell them of my big business success in London and then I must visit my shops and help get ready for the big party tonight. Life is so busy." Now, look at this boring man with his soft skin, fair hair, beard, and glasses. He clearly works in an office. When he talks, people fall asleep. He probably lives in a small house, with a small dog, and his hobby is growing flowers. "It's great to be back in England. Making television programmes all over the world is tiring. But it is a good life crossing Gobi on camels and climbing the mountains of Tibet." Finally, there's the well-built woman in the tight dress. She is easy to guess—she's a cook in a small cake shop and lives with her mother and cats. "That's Noel Proud, the writer, isn't it? He looks so smart, but his books are stupid. He probably can't understand my plays and poetry—though they are much more famous than his little stories." Find words in the passage that are the opposite in meaning to the following words. 1. special 2. fat 3. light 4. failure 5. interesting 6. dark 7. clever 8. unknown 【4】Which One? Mrs Kong felt too hot, so she got out of bed and went to stand by the window. There was a full moon and she could see the street clearly. There was a stranger standing under a tree. Was he waiting for someone? She watched him. Then a man who lived across the road came riding home on his bicycle. He went to open the door. The stranger under the tree suddenly moved forward. Mrs Kong could see him in the bright light. He pushed his way into the building before the man could stop him. Mrs Kong was worried. Was something wrong? She waited. There wasn't any noise, and a bit later a light went on in an upstairs room. Maybe the two men were friends. She returned to her bed and was soon asleep. When Mrs Kong came home from work the next day, her husband was waiting to tell her something. He looked very excited. "There has been a murder. A man in the building across the road is dead. Someone killed him with a knife. The police have been very busy, but there is not much information. Have I frightened you? You look very pale. Sit down—I will get some tea." "I saw the killer," said the white-faced Mrs Kong. Mrs Kong went to the police and gave them a description. "He was a well-built man, not very tall. He looked about 30. He had long, straight, black hair. He had small eyes and a flat nose. He was wearing jeans and a blue shirt." The police brought out a book of photos. "Do you mean this man?" "Yes, that's him." "Or this one?" "Yes—it is the same man, isn't it?" "Unfortunately not. They are twins. This is going to be very difficult." Choose the best answer. 1. Mrs Kong went to the window because ____. A. it was a bright night B. she wanted some fresh air C. she heard a man arrive

2. Mrs Kong went back to bed because ____. A. it was too late to help the man B. she was afraid C. everything seemed all right 3. Mrs Kong went white because ____. A. she understood she could have stopped a murder B. she had been working all day C. she was too hot 4. Mrs Kong told the police ____. A. what the killer looked like B. the time of the murder C. the name of the killer 5. The police thought ____. A. both the twins were the killers B. neither of the twins was the killer C. one of the twins was the killer 【5】My New Teacher 1 Our new English teacher, Mr White, arrived today. He's American. He smiles a lot and he's friendly but he speaks very fast. It's difficult to understand his words. He also expects us to study hard, and speak English all the time in our English lessons. 2 During the first class, Mr White introduced himself, and showed us photos of his family. He's got a big family, two brothers and a sister. His brothers all look like him. They are very tall, and they have dark hair, but one brother has a beard. His sister is slim, and she has fair hair. They were smiling in all of the photos and look friendly. 3 Then he told us about America and Americans. He showed us how Americans say "Hi. How are you doing?" and shake hands when they meet people. We all practised. That was fun. And he also told us that Americans are cheerful, lively people. They smile a lot and are usually friendly because Americans think it's polite to be friendly. 4 At the end of the lesson, we all said "Goodbye", "See you soon" to everyone. English lessons are going to be enjoyable! Wang Zheng Answer the questions. 1. What does the new teacher look like? 2. What is the new teacher like? 3. How does the new teacher speak? 4. Why are Americans friendly? 5. What must the students do in English lessons? Module 8 Around the town 【1】A Visit to Kunming Kunming is the capital of Yunnan. It's a city with a long history. Though the weather in Yunnan changes from place to place, Kunming is famous for its beautiful weather. It's neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter. That's why more and more people like to travel here and even to live here. At weekends or when they are on holiday, people like to relax in different places and in different ways. In winter, people, especially old people, like to climb the Western Hills. From the top of the Hills, you can have a good view of the beautiful scenery of Kunming. Far away from the Hills you can enjoy the Sleeping Beauty among the Hills. After supper, families take a walk along the bank of Dianchi Lake. The Golden Temple and the EXPO Garden are two famous places of interest in the north of the city. The EXPO Garden is known to people both at home and abroad. You can spend a whole day visiting the
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world-famous garden. A little farther away from the southeast of the city, a special forest welcomes you. It is not a tree forest, but a stone forest. So it is called the Stone Forest. People in Kunming are really friendly. They often invite their friends home to try delicious food, like rice noodles. If you want to know more about Kunming and taste the food, why don't you go there yourself! Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 1. The weather in Kunming is ____. A. not too hot in summer or too cold in winter B. too hot in summer C. too hot in summer and too cold in winter D. too cold in winter 2. The Sleeping Beauty is the name of a ____. A. shop B. person C. city D. hill 3. ____ is known to people all over the world. A. The Golden Temple B. The Western Hills C. The EXPO Garden D. The Stone Forest 4. The writer of this passage wants to ____. A. taste her food B. invite tourists to Kunming C. know more about Kunming D. visit Kunming 5. Which is not true? A. In summer, people like to climb Western Hills. B. Kunming is famous for its weather. C. The Stone Forest is not a real forest. D. The EXPO Garden is world-famous and you can spend a whole day there. 【2】Theme Park Visit Enter Curiosity World at the main entrance just past the car park. Buy your tickets and start your tour. Suggested tour: Take a free open-air bus to Animal Corner, our small and special zoo. Enjoy the cute monkeys and take a camel ride. This part of the park is suitable for all the family. Leave Animal Corner and walk to your right. Here you will find the Egyptian Palace. Climb the towers to see a view of the park. Enjoy the wonderful examples of Egyptian art and painting. Imagine you are an Egyptian king. When you have finished in the palace, leave by the back entrance and you have a choice of two directions. Just opposite is the West, the street of a 19th century American town. Go into the bank, hotel, prison and doctor's office. The restaurant has real food, and you can enjoy a tasty hamburger before moving on. At 12 noon every day you can watch an exciting gunfight in the street. If you aren't ready for the West, turn to your left for Lake Adventure where you can go on a boat. On the other side of the lake, there is the Market of the East, a wonderful place to buy presents for all your friends. You can take the bus further on for the area of exciting rides, Up and Down. Here you can experience great fun and move really fast. You won't forget this part of your trip for a long time. Go on to the next and final stop to visit Fright Town. You'll be afraid of all the strange noises and terrible sights! The bus will then return you to the Entrance. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. boat; fright; opposite; Palace; tower; direction; market; painting; tour; view

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Tomorrow we will go to visit the Summer . There's a lovely lake there. Cross the road and go into that building . No, you are going in the wrong . The post office is down here. The from the top of the hill is beautiful. You can see the sea in the distance. I didn't see you—you did give me a(n) ! My favourite is by Picasso. The water is deep—we cannot walk across—we need a(n) . We are going on a six-day of Sichuan. Over there is Beijing's famous Drum . I am going to the to do the day's shopping.

【3】Treasure "Look, I have found an old treasure map," said Ron. "Let me see. It looks old, but I don't think it's real," said Candy. "Well, it's a map of the town." "Yes, you're right. So that is the old town gate, but some things don't look correct." "That's because it's old." "Yes, maybe 60 or 70 years ago someone put a lot of money in a secret place, left this map and never came back to get it." "Let's go and look." Ron and Candy went into the town centre. They went and stood by the old gate. The roads were not the same. The map showed a tower—but there was no tower there, just a pharmacy. They walked round. "Look, this road is called Tower St." "That's interesting. Let's go into this bookstore." They went in and walked up to an old man sitting there, reading. "Excuse me, sir. We are students doing a history project. Was there a tower here before?" "Yes, there was an old tower. It fell down in the 1950s." Ron and Candy felt very excited. They continued following the map. Sometimes they had to make guesses as there were new buildings—a bank, a bakery shop and some offices—in the area. "I think when we turn the corner, if we walk about 100 metres, we will arrive at the place marked with an X," said Ron. They turned the corner and walked down the street. "Here!" It was a new city restaurant. One of the staff saw them standing there with the map. "Oh, you found one of our advertisements." "Do you mean there is no treasure?" "Of course, there is some treasure. You can have a free chicken dinner!" Ron and Candy looked at each other and laughed. "Well, we got something." Check the true statements. 1. Ron thinks there is treasure. 2. Candy agrees with him. 3. The map is about 70 years old. 4. The pharmacy opened before 1950. 5. The old man has lived in the area for many years. 6. The restaurant made the map. 7. There is only one map. 8. The idea is to bring people to the restaurant. 【4】The Map of Life Edwin was born in the town of Newlife. He lived there for three or four years playing in the sunny fields and gardens of Early Happiness and Family Love. Then one day he started his journey into the Mountains of Education. These mountains run in
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many different directions, giving many beautiful views. The highest mountains rise up out of sight, their tops in the clouds. Some people never leave the mountains—most stay a few years; others pass quickly over a few low hills on one side of the main mountains. Edwin climbed Primary Hill without any trouble, but he had more difficulty with the steeper Secondary Hill. For a time he was lost in the Valley of Laziness, a very dangerous place full of deep holes. Edwin climbed out of the valley and went through the Forest of Hard Work to the top of Mount University. From there he could look down on the Sea of Business. He spent many years coming and going on this sea with its many islands. The weather changed quickly on the sea and many boats were lost, but Edwin was careful, and he found many beautiful things on the shore of the Island of Sales. Later he built a house in the town of Marriage. He and his wife and daughter enjoyed walking through the famous Gardens of Music and Art with all the lovely flowers and birds flying through the air. They also went once a week to swim in the clear waters of Lake Health. They never went near the yellow brown waters of Smoking River where so many swimmers lost their lives. Their daughter left them to explore the Mountains of Education. One day they decided to move to a quiet village, called Old Age, in the province of Success. They have a lovely home. The garden is full of trees heavy with memory and friendship fruit. The house faces the sea, which looks very peaceful shining in the soft moonlight. Explain the details of the story. Discuss your answers with your classmates. 1. "in many different directions"→ people can study many different subjects 2. "the highest mountains" 3. "never leave the mountains" 4. "pass quickly over a few low hills" 5. "lost in the Valley of Laziness" 6. "the weather changed quickly on the sea and many boats were lost" 7. "went near the yellow brown waters of Smoking River where so many swimmers lost their lives" 8. "trees heavy with memory and friendship fruit" 【5】Hampton Court Palace Hampton Court Palace was King Henry VIII's home in 1528. It's a very interesting place to visit when you go to London. A very easy way to get there is by train: take the train to Hampton Court station, and walk across the bridge, and you are there. But the most interesting way to get there is by boat. You can take a boat from Westminster Bridge. Along the way, you can see many of the famous buildings in London. You can buy a ticket at the ticket office. One place you mustn't forget to visit is the kitchen. Everything in the old kitchen is just the same as it was in 1600 so you can learn about food and cooking in the past. Then go to the Chapel Royal. This was the King's church. After that, go upstairs and see the King's and Queen's rooms. There are many old paintings in these rooms. At the end of your visit inside the Palace, go into the large and beautiful gardens. You can eat in the Tea Room, or you can have a picnic on the grass opposite the restaurant. Finally, go to one of the four shops. You can buy books, postcards or presents to help you remember your trip to this wonderful place. Read the passage and check the true sentences. 1. King Henry VIII still lives at Hampton Court. 2. It's easy to go to Hampton Court by train. 3. The kitchen has changed a lot since 1600. 4. You can see the King's rooms. 5. The garden is very small. 6. You can buy food to eat at Hampton Court. Module 9 Animals in danger Tigers in Danger There are now no more than 4,500 Indian tigers in the wild. The World Wildlife Fund (the WWF, now referred as the World Wide Fund for Nature) helped the Indian government develop Project Tiger in 1973. It included setting up nine tiger reserves. The project helped to save the tiger. The WWF has also helped protect Indian tigers in Bangladesh and Nepal.

With nearly 3.15 metres from its nose to the tip of its tail, the Siberian tiger is the world's largest cat. There are only 200 in the world, most of them in Russia. Illegal killing has increased greatly in the last seven years because tiger products can make a lot of money for those hunters. The bones and other body parts are used for traditional medicines. Illegal killing and trading are continuing, and tigers are in danger. Governments have made some laws to protect tigers. But there's still a long way to go. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 1. What is Project Tiger about? A. Making more reserves. B. Helping to save Siberian tigers. C. Helping to save Indian tigers. D. Selling tiger products. 2. According to the writer, the WWF has helped ____. A. Bangladesh, Nepal, Japan B. Korea, Nepal, Japan C. Bangladesh, India, China D. Bangladesh, Nepal, India 3. Which of the following is true? A. There are 4, 500 tigers in India. B. Illegal killing has been stopped. C. The Indian tiger is the world's largest cat. D. It won't be easy to save the tigers. 4. Tiger bones can be used ____. A. for good luck B. as medicine C. for playing D. as gifts 5. What is the WWF for? A. Saving animals. B. Stopping trading. C. Making money. D. Closing nature reserves. 【2】West Park Zoo Welcome to the zoo—the best place to learn about animals from all around the world. The Snake House. Here you can see a number of rare and interesting snakes from the forests and mountains. Many people are afraid of snakes and try to kill them when they see them, but here you can enjoy their beauty safely. The Big Cat House. We have a number of lions and tigers for you to see. Human farming has taken a lot of forest from tigers and they are now endangered and difficult to see except in zoos or on reserves. The Panda House. We are very lucky to have two pandas. You must be careful not to disturb these wonderful animals. Most of the time they are busy eating bamboo. Monkey House. The monkeys will be happy to see you and to do tricks for you. We have fifteen different types and some are very noisy! The Elephant Village. We have built a small forest village for the elephants. It is a good place to take photos. You can have a ride too. The Small Lake. It is pleasant to walk around the lake and cross its bridges. In the water you can see many types of fish and small turtles. The Bird House. We have many rare and beautiful birds from around the world. The zoo is working hard to increase the numbers of some very endangered birds and hopes one day to be able to send them back to their forests.
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The Children's Area. We have a few animals (rabbits, small horses, etc.) here that children can touch and feed. The Gift Shop. Here you can buy interesting things to give your friends and help us protect Nature. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. endangered; rare; disturb; forest; reserve; bamboo; protect; turtle 1. We don't allow many tourists as they may the animals. 2. Look—the man is bringing some more for the pandas. 3. I am looking for a website with a list of the most animals in the world. 4. Tomorrow we will go for a walk through the to see some animals. 5. We were in our boat and suddenly a big swam by. 6. There aren't many tigers left so we must the few we have. 7. This bird is very . We think there are only nine left in the world. 8. There is no farming here. This is a nature . 【3】Opinions I think we should love animals. Our world would not be so exciting without tigers, elephants and whales. We must protect them. Some animals cannot live with people. We need farmland and we want to be safe. No one can live near tigers. It may be good for them to become extinct. The world belongs to all of nature. We must try to share it. We can have nature reserves for animals. Camels are not very friendly. They smell bad too! Scientists can learn a lot from animals. It is wise to keep them alive. Some people eat whales. It is the same as killing a chicken for dinner. It is not wrong. Tourists like to see animals. We must teach villagers their value. It is wrong to put animals in zoos. They should either live in nature or become extinct. Animals in zoos look so bored. They have nothing to do. It is dangerous when animals become extinct. Nature is all one and when we hurt one part, we hurt many other parts. It is not a good idea. I am afraid to go near a spider. The sea is full of plastic bags. Turtles and seabirds will die if they eat them. China is spending a lot of money on saving the panda. We are humans. We should think about human lives but not animal lives. We should keep the animals that are useful to us. Elephants were very useful to move things through the forests, but nowadays we do not really need them for this. Read the passage and find the words with the following meanings. 1. interesting 2. all died 3. safe places 4. desert animals 5. clever 6. a bird 7. village people 8. bad 9. damage 10. frightened 11. having a lot of 12. protecting 13. people 14. places with trees 【4】The Last One

The end of the line "So that's the last one, isn't it?" said the visitor, looking at the animal in the cage. "It isn't very interesting, is it? What does it do all day?" "Nothing," replied the zoo keeper. "It just sits there looking unhappy." "I am not surprised it is almost extinct now. It does not look strong. It is quite ugly, isn't it? " "I believe they can be dangerous when there are a lot of them. But it is sad to see an animal become extinct." "Well, it is for some animals, but I really don't think the world will be less beautiful when it goes," said the visitor walking away. My sad story "I am the last of my type. When the sea rose over some of the land and deserts became forests, we could not change quickly enough. Our numbers started to fall. As food became harder to find we fought and did stupid things. The environment went on changing and we went on dying. We went into the mountains and just managed to survive. Eight of us died after eating some poison. Scientists found the two remaining and brought us here. They put us in separate cages and spent a lot of time examining us—it was not very nice—and when we were in our cages we had nothing to do. My companion went crazy and died. I don't think I can survive much longer. I think I will be happy to go." Now the world belongs to us Tak and Rex were having breakfast one morning about a month later. Tak asked, "Is there anything interesting in today's newspaper?" "No—the bees won the championship and the last human died." "Oh, that animal I saw in the zoo. Well, there wasn't really room for it in a world of insects, was there?" Fill in the blanks to complete the summary of the text. die; extinct; food; important; rare In the story, someone goes to a zoo and sees a animal. It is the last one of its type. The visitor thinks the animal looks weak, uninteresting, ugly and not at all active. Its extinction will not be . We then read the animal's thoughts. As the world changed, the animal could not find and groups of them were always fighting. In the end, there were only two. They came to the zoo. Scientists looked at them and one of them died. The last one was sad and waiting to . In the last part of the story we hear that the animal has died. It was a human. Men and women had become . The world now belonged to insects. 【5】The Tiger The tiger is the largest wild cat in the world. The big cat weighs about 363 kilograms and is about two metres long. Tigers wait until it is dark, then they go out to find their food. When a tiger sees an animal, it moves very quietly, then jumps on the animal to kill it. Sometimes it can take several days for a tiger to finish eating its kill. The tiger eats until it's had enough, then it covers the dead animal with leaves. Later, when the tiger is hungry again, it comes back to eat some more. Tigers are different from others in the cat family: they like water, and they often jump into rivers to swim. Some tigers live in very cold places—in parts of North Korea, eastern Russia, and Northeast China. Other tigers live in warmer places—in India and parts of Southeast Asia. All tigers are in danger. People killed them to use their skins for clothes, and their bodies for medicine. In addition, there is also less and less land for tigers to live on. But now people know that tigers are in danger and have made plans to protect them. Answer the questions. 1. Which family of animals does the tiger belong to? 2. Which animals in this family like to swim? 3. When do tigers go out to catch their food? 4. How long does it take a tiger to finish eating its kill? 5. Do tigers like to live in cold or warm places? 6. Why do people want tiger skins? Module 10 Lao She’s teahouse 【1】Beijing Opera
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At the Lao She's Teahouse, you cannot only drink tea but also watch performances. Beijing Opera is certainly the first choice for many foreigners in Beijing. Beijing Opera has a long history. Its dance styles are similar to those of the Tang Dynasty, but the Beijing Opera we see today only came into being in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In the past, Beijing Opera was performed mostly in the open air—markets, streets, or temple courtyards. Today, however, people usually go to theatres to see the performance. There are four main roles in Beijing Opera: Sheng, Dan, Jing and Chou. Sheng are the leading male actors and they play scholars, officials, generals and so on. They are divided into Laosheng and Xiaosheng. Laosheng are old men with beards while Xiaosheng are young men. Dan are the female roles. Laodan are the elderly ladies like mothers or aunts. Qingyi are young, noble ladies who are well-dressed. Daomadan are women fighters. Jing are usually fighters, heroes, and demons. Their faces are colourfully painted. Clowns in Beijing Opera are called Chou. They do the same work as clowns do in western plays—to keep the audience laughing. Nowadays, Beijing Opera is not only popular with older people but also loved by many tourists and Chinese learners as a good way to understand Chinese culture. Choose the correct name for each picture. a. Laosheng b. Xiaosheng c. Laodan d. Qingyi e. Daomadan f. Chou

【2】Chinese Opera Stories Robert is visiting China. He plans to see an opera. His friend offers to tell him the stories of two operas so that he can choose which he wants to see. The first story takes place in the time of the Northern Song. The Liao empress invites the Song emperor to visit. He travels with eight Yang brothers named Lang One, Two, Three and so on. The people of Liao try to kill the emperor. Lang One, Two and Three die. Lang Four says his name is Mu Yi, so they take him to the palace. The empress' daughter likes him and marries him. 15 years later there is a war between the Liao and the Song. Lang Four learns that his mother and Lang Six are nearby. He goes to see them. The empress discovers he is really Lang Four and decides he will die. His wife tries to save him telling her mother

Lang Four is a good son. At last the empress agrees not to kill him. The second is about Wang Baochuan, the daughter of a rich man. She decides to choose her husband by throwing a ball from a tower. She throws it to a poor but handsome man. Her father is angry and sends her away. She and her husband, Xue Pinggui, have no home and little food. Xue becomes a soldier and goes away to fight. He loses, but a princess marries him and later he becomes a king. Baochuan continues to live a very uncomfortable life. One day she writes a letter and puts it on a bird. Xue finds it , then goes to see her and tests her love by telling her he is dead. More things take place and then, after 18 years of unhappiness, Baochuan becomes an empress. Robert wanted to see both operas! Replace the underlined words with the words in the box. agree; empress; marry; an opera; take place; try; a war 1. I am willing to go. 2. I want to have a wife and family. 3. Let's go to hear a play with music and singing. 4. When does the story happen? 5. The emperor's first wife was asleep in the palace. 6. There was fighting between the two countries. 7. I will make a big effort to pass my music examination. 【3】Writers and Beijing Lao She was born in Beijing in 1899. He was an excellent teacher and worked in London for five years. He decided to become a writer and his books are very famous. He often wrote about the difficult lives of poor people, as he wanted everyone to know about their problems. His most famous play is The Teahouse. Since 1988 Beijing has had a famous restaurant called Lao She's Teahouse. If you intend to visit and want to be in the audience for a performance of a Beijing Opera there, buy tickets a few days early, as it is very popular. Lao She's home is a beautiful, but not very large, old-style house in one of the famous hutong. You can visit the room where Lao She wrote The Teahouse. There is a tree Lao She planted and a small museum of pictures of him, books by him and a few of his belongings. Mao Dun's small home in Beijing is open three days a week. There are two rooms where you can look at pictures and examples of his writing. Mao Dun was born in 1896 and became famous when young. His book Rainbow tells the story of a brave young woman, and Midnight describes life in Shanghai. Guo Moruo's home is much larger and has a beautiful garden. Guo was born in 1892. He studied in Japan. He wrote poetry and plays in a new style, as well as books on history. His works are patriotic and good to read. You can learn more about him by visiting his home in Beijing and seeing his books. Choose the best answer. 1. Lao She wrote about poor people because _____. A. it was a popular topic B. he was very poor C. he wanted people to help them 2. "Lao She's Teahouse" is _____. A. a modern theatre and restaurant B. Lao She's home C. the teashop he wrote about 3. Which of the three houses seems to be the smallest? A. Guo Moruo's. B. Lao She's. C. Mao Dun's. 4. Which of the three houses seems to be the largest? A. Guo Moruo's. B. Lao She's.
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C.

Mao Dun's.

【4】A Western Opera Madam Butterfly, by Puccini, begins in the garden of a Japanese house on a hill above Nagasaki. An American, Pinkerton, has bought the house and is marrying a local girl, Butterfly. He intends to leave her one day to go back to America and marry an American. His friend tells him not to hurt the girl, as she is so young and sweet. Then the girl arrives. Her father is dead and she has to help her mother. The marriage takes place. Butterfly's uncle arrives and angrily tells her that a Japanese girl should not marry a foreigner. Then Butterfly and Pinkerton are left on stage to sing sweet love songs. The second part of the opera takes place three years later. Butterfly is talking to her maid Suzuki. Pinkerton is not there and they have no money, but a letter from Pinkerton arrives. Butterfly is very happy. She does not know it is a goodbye letter. A rich Japanese man comes in and offers to marry Butterfly, but she refuses him. Later she brings out a baby boy, Pinkerton's son. She calls him Trouble, but when his father returns, she says, she will change his name to Joy. We hear a gun. An American ship has arrived. It is Pinkerton's ship. Butterfly rushes to make the house beautiful with flowers. Hours later, Pinkerton arrives with his wife. They want to take the boy to America. Pinkerton does not want to see Butterfly, but leaves his wife to talk to her. Butterfly soon understands. The music becomes more and more beautiful and sad. Butterfly decides to let the Pinkertons take the boy and kills herself with a knife as her "husband" comes to get him. Check the true statements. 1. Pinkerton plans to stay with Butterfly forever. 2. Puccini is Japanese. 3. Pinkerton wants to hurt Butterfly. 4. Pinkerton only thinks about his own feelings. 5. Butterfly's father likes foreigners. 6. Pinkerton tells the uncle to go. 7. Butterfly wants Pinkerton to come back. 8. Butterfly loves Pinkerton. 9. Butterfly does not know what the letter says. 10. When Pinkerton wrote the letter, he did not know about the child. 11. Pinkerton's wife agrees to take the boy. 12. Butterfly tries to kill Pinkerton. 【5】Parents and Children Many parents want their children to be famous one day. But do children have the same dreams? A new play called Hi, Ke'ai by Beijing Children's Art Theatre tells the story of a boy called Ke'ai. His parents would like him to become a painter or musician or scientist one day. They teach him to paint and to play the piano, but Ke'ai doesn't enjoy these activities. Then one day Ke'ai's parents see Liu Xiang win a gold medal at the Athens Olympic Games, and they want him to be a sportsman. "Why do they want me to be somebody else?" Ke'ai asks and says, "I only want to be myself." The writer of the play is 52-year-old Zou Jingzhi, a well-known poet and writer for TV, opera and drama. He bought many videos of popular cartoons to help write the story. He finished writing it in a month. The play shows us that it is good for parents to learn to understand their children. It helps parents to think about what kids want to do. Young audiences enjoy the story, and also the music in the play. There are two songs in the play. One of them, "Ke'ai's Song" is very easy to learn, so the audience can sing the song on their way home after the play! Read the passage and check the true sentences. 1. Most children want to be famous one day. 2. Hi, Ke'ai takes place in China today. 3. The boy's parents want him to learn to paint and play music. 4. Ke'ai likes playing the piano.

5. Ke'ai wants to be a sportsman, like Liu Xiang. 6. The play wants to help parents to understand their children better. 7. One of the songs in the play is very easy to learn. Module 11 The weather 【1】Stormy Weather Stormy weather may come when the sky suddenly turns dark on a sunny day. Thunderstorms bring heavy rain, lightning and thunder. They occur almost everywhere on earth, but tropical places, which stay very warm all year long, have the most thunderstorms. Only the very coldest parts of the world, near the North and South Poles, do not have thunderstorms. Lightning can be very dangerous. It kills or seriously injures hundreds of people every year. Hurricanes are huge, full of strong winds and heavy rains. They usually start over tropical oceans in late summer. For days, they grow and grow until they hit the land and bring wild weather. They may destroy homes and cars, knock down trees, and kill many people or leave them homeless. Like hurricanes, tornadoes are also wind storms, but with the shape of a funnel. They often occur in the United States on hot afternoons. Tornadoes can knock down, blow apart and even carry away everything they meet. They may also cause many deaths. Blizzards are winter storms. They usually last at least three hours and bring heavy snow and strong wind. Blizzards are not deadly like hurricanes and tornadoes. But they affect people's lives. Driving and flying become impossible. Schools and businesses close. Match the types of storms with the pictures. A. thunderstorms B. hurricanes C. tornadoes D. blizzards

birds are frightened and difficult to see. 2. In summer, we have a lot of free time. We can take umbrellas for rain. Do not go in winter—the temperatures will be too low and we will be very cold sitting watching the birds. 3. At first, I thought about the spring, but then I remembered that there are usually a lot of showers and it may be difficult to see anything with low cloud in the hills. Of course, the weather is usually better in autumn, but it is not a very interesting time to watch birds as the young have gone. Let's try winter—it will be special, and we can see how birds live in the cold weather. 4. Although there are a lot of birds in spring, it will be difficult to find a place to stay because of the strong wind—and in winter, the camps will probably be closed. Autumn is dry and clear. 5. In summer the temperatures are too high. In winter it is dangerous on the hills because of the ice. I choose autumn. I think the main point is free time, so I suggest summer. Please tell me your views soon. Match the words with their meanings. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. cloudy dry ice nest probably shower temperature umbrella young a. not old b. very very cold water c. unable to see the Sun clearly in the sky d. a place where birds have their babies e. the weather in the desert f. very possible to happen g. a light, short period of rain h. how hot or cold something is i. something to keep us dry in the rain

【2】The Best Time The chairman of a bird-watching club writes to the members about their planned camp. Dear member, As you know, this year the club has decided to have a two-day camp. I asked some members of the club to write down their ideas about the date we should choose. I want to share these with you. 1. Spring is the best time. There are many birds arriving from the south. We can watch them building nests. Autumn has good weather, but everyone is busy at school, and when lots of people go into the hills for Mid-Autumn Festival, the
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【3】Up the Mountain We were now close to the peak—the top of the great mountain. We decided to make camp for the night. As we ate our meal, we enjoyed a wonderful view of the mountains rising up one after another into the clear blue sky. The snow on their tops shone brightly in the late afternoon sun. Then the temperature began to fall. At first, I thought it was just because of the end of the day, but then I understood that a storm was probably coming. It was now many degrees below zero and the temperature was still going down. Mountain snowstorms are frightening things. We knew this could possibly be our last night alive. The icy winds and snow kept us in our tent for three days, three very uncomfortable days, but finally the storm finished and although we had been afraid, we were still safe. We knew we should start our journey to the top immediately. Another storm might possibly arrive soon. During the three days of the storm we had made a map of the way we wanted to go. It was more difficult than we expected, as some of the snow was soft and we could not walk on it. We had some frightening moments, but after 4? hours we arrived at the top. We got out the camera and took photos of each other and of the view. We were probably the first people to see that view! We could not stay for more than 30 minutes, as we needed to return to our camp before the sun went down. With snow and ice, going down is as difficult as going up. A fall might kill us. We reached our camp just in time—and that night I had the best night's sleep of my life! Complete the sentences with the words in the box. although; camera; clear; degrees; ice; rise; snow; storm; wind; possibly 1. The night is so you can see millions of stars. 2. I like mountains I know they can be dangerous. 3. Take an umbrella—it may rain. 4. There's no . Look at the trees—not a leaf is moving. 5. Where's the ? I want a photo. 6. Don't go out to the sea today—there's a coming. 7. It'll be cold tonight—about five below zero. 8. Why are there always pictures of on Christmas cards? 9. Don't go out, Grandma, there's on the ground—you may fall and break a leg. 10. The sun will at 5:50 a.m. tomorrow.

【4】Global Warming In recent years, the Earth has been getting warmer. Average temperatures have risen. Possibly this is natural, but probably we are causing it. Modern people use a lot of electricity and drive a lot of cars. This puts carbon dioxide into the air and helps to make the planet warmer. When we hear this news, we may smile. No one likes long, cold winters, but, unluckily, there are many bad points about a warmer Earth. First, the ice at the Poles melts and becomes water. The result is that the sea-level becomes higher. Low islands will disappear. Cities on the coast will be in danger from the sea. Will Tokyo, Bangkok, Hong Kong and Shanghai become like parts of Holland—lower than the sea? Possibly we will have to build walls to keep the water out. Typhoons will become even more dangerous and frightening. Sadly, the second point is that storms will become bigger. Super-typhoons will be born in the Pacific and do great damage to East Asia. The same will happen to the Eastern United States. As the weather changes, some places that now have rain will become dry. The farmers will not be able to grow plants. Maybe some dry places will become wet—we don't know, but we will soon find out, and the change will cause many problems. There might be wars because of it. It is strange that rising temperatures might possibly make a lot of the world colder. The Northern United States and Western Europe are warmed by the Gulf Stream. If average temperatures continue rising, the Gulf Stream may stop one day. It is all quite frightening. Complete the sentences with the words in the box. average; find out; melt; rising; smile; warmer 1. There are tigers in the cold north of Russia and northeast China and in the countries like India and Indonesia. 2. He wondered whether his daughter was serious, and decided to more about this handsome young man. 3. In December, the temperature is 52.5 *F (11.4 *C). 4. The heat on earth will be so hot that it will rock, and the earth will no longer exist. 5. The woman looked at me strangely, but then she and said kindly, "What did you say your name was?" 6. As the sun was the next morning, Gabriel waited outside his hut until he saw the young woman riding up the hill. 【5】Antarctica Antarctica is the highest continent on Earth, with the coldest temperatures and the most wind. People have never wanted to live there because it is so cold. The lowest temperature once was -89.2*C! But now scientists from all over the world come to study the ice. They want to learn more about the Earth's history. Some scientists live on Antarctica for part of the year. But they don't usually stay there for more than six months. Why? There are six months of light and six months of darkness. Antarctica usually has a good deal of fine weather without any wind at all. The strong winds are usually only in some parts of it. It is also interesting to learn that it isn't very wet there. There is very little snow or rain. It snows on the ice in winter, but at other times Antarctica is dry, just like the Sahara Desert . In winter the sea around Antarctica freezes for thousands of kilometres. But scientists tell us that the Earth is getting warmer. So in future, there may be less ice in the Antarctic sea. When that happens, our weather will never be the same again. Read the passage and check the true sentences. 1. A lot of people want to live in Antarctica. 2. It's possible to learn about the Earth's history by studying the ice. 3. The Sun doesn't shine for half of the year. 4. It is windy everywhere in Antarctica. 5. It doesn't rain or snow often. 6. In winter the sea around Antarctica becomes ice. 7. The area of ice around Antarctica might become smaller. 8. Our weather might be different in future.

Module 12 Traditional life 【1】Birthdays Everyone has a birthday. From the games people play to the food they eat, this special day is celebrated differently in different countries. If you live in America or Europe, you will have a party. Everyone sings "Happy Birthday" as you make a wish and blow out candles on a cake. Children also have great fun at birthday parties. In Mexico, they play a game called pi? with a container ata shaped like an animal. In Peru, they receive a special pin to honour the day. Birthdays may also mean a feast. In Morocco, people celebrate birthdays with their favourite food and a birthday cake, while in Ghana, people do not have cakes. Instead, they have a special breakfast with mashed sweet potatoes and fried eggs. There are also different traditions about which days to celebrate on. In many Asian countries like Korea and China, families celebrate two important days in a child's life: the 100th day and the first birthday. In Israel, however, the most important birthday comes in the thirteenth year when a child is said to become a grown-up. In Poland, everyone's name has a special date on the calendar. This is the person's name day. People celebrate their name day instead of their birthday. Children in Italy and Mexico often celebrate on both their birthday and their saint's day. That means they get two parties. Read the sentences below. Write T for true, F for false and U for unknown. 1. Children in Israel have a cake on their birthday. 2. Pi? is a game played with animals. ata 3. People eat mashed sweet potatoes and fried eggs in Ghana. 4. People in Korea also celebrate other birthdays besides the first. 5. Children in Italy celebrate their birthday with two parties. 【2】Customs of the Middle East Travellers to the Middle East will find many different customs that they must learn in order to be polite. Women must not dress too casually and should cover their hair. Men do not touch women in public (for example, holding hands), and it is not polite to talk about women. Men shake hands when they say hello or goodbye. A good friend may put his arms around you and give you a light kiss. People stand close together and frequently touch each other. Men may hold hands in the street. When you meet someone, you must not immediately start talking about business. You must first ask about the person's health. When you are a guest, be careful. When a guest says they like something (maybe a picture) the owner will offer it to him / her. People eat late. They often use their fingers, but you must not use your left hand. People do not eat pork. You can leave some food. It means the people were kind and gave you too much. You must not use your fingers to point at people or show them the underside of your foot—it is very impolite. Manners are important in the Middle East and you must not relax too much when you are in someone's home. People move their hands about a lot when they talk. When a man hits his face it means he is surprised. To say "thank you" you put your right hand on your heart, lower your head and close your eyes. Accept these rules and customs and Middle Eastern people will welcome you and treat you with kindness. Find words in the passage with the following meanings. 1. not the same 2. put something on top of 3. put your hand on 4. near to 5. often 6. at once, straight away 7. someone invited to a home 8. ask if someone wants something 9. meat of a pig 10. not nice, rude, with bad manners 11. bring down 12. shut
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【3】Strange Customs Last week Lu visited England. He stayed with my grandmother. He said it was a strange visit. "I don't understand, but I frightened your grandmother a lot. Of course I didn't intend to. When I arrived I gave her a purse from Suzhou. She looked in it and asked me to take it back.Then I saw a red spider on the table so I killed it for her and she seemed very unhappy. Do English people like spiders? "Later we went shopping. Someone was painting a shop front, so there was a ladder. I started to walk under it, but your grandmother stopped me and said I must walk round it. I liked the shops and bought some lovely rose soap for my mother, a smart umbrella for my father and some new shoes for myself. When we got back, I put the shoes on the table and opened the umbrella to check it was all right. Your grandmother came in and screamed! "Then I broke a small mirror in the bathroom. Your grandmother's face went white. I felt very sorry. When I left I gave your grandmother some flowers. She counted and there were 13. She didn't like that. I think she was happy I was going." I explained to Lu, "My grandmother follows the old customs. You must not give someone an empty purse or they will have no money. You must not kill a 'money spider' or the same will happen. Also it is very unlucky to walk under a ladder or to put new shoes on the table. An open umbrella in a house means someone will die. Breaking a mirror brings seven years' bad luck, and 13 is also a very unlucky number. You really were making my grandmother very afraid!" Choose the best answer. 1. Lu frightened Grandmother because ____. A. he could not speak English B. he did many unlucky things C. he understood British customs 2. Many British people ____. A. are afraid of spiders B. think some types of spiders are lucky C. keep spiders as pets 3. When Grandmother saw the umbrella she ____. A. wanted it B. thought it was raining C. was afraid of death 4. Many British people ____. A. put money in a purse before they give it to anyone B. never give purses as presents C. do not use purses 5. Lu did ____ things wrong. A. 5 B. 7 C. 10 【4】Stopping Litter How can we stop litter in our cities? One thing is to tell people all the time to stop littering. Many places have tried different methods. Thai cities had "magic eyes" everywhere to tell people someone was watching them. One Canadian city had people dressed as cats picking up litter. "Clean City Kitty" was well known among children. Hong Kong has tried nearly everything. Pop stars often make advertisements telling people to keep their hometown clean. They and other celebrities go to the beaches and parks to take away litter. The Dragon of Cleanliness, Beach Dragon, Country Dragon and the two little dragons are famous cartoon characters telling people to keep Hong Kong clean. Concerts, exhibitions, sports days and competitions have all been tried. In the cities of Singapore, the police are also active against litter and people who throw down cigarette ends, tissues, plastic bottles and so on have to pay a fine or work as a street sweeper for a few hours. Interestingly, most litter bugs (as we call people
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who litter the streets) are young men, but really all of us are far too careless. What else can we do? Where is there most litter? Around ATMs, outside schools, at bus stops and near fast food shops. Schools must stop their students from littering. Banks and food shops must use less paper and put lots of bins nearby. In some countries, businesses must keep the area around their shop or office clean. This is a good idea. We must also make it easy for people to throw away rubbish by putting bins in the streets and having a good collection system. Finally, we must all fight waste and use less paper and plastic. We don't want a planet with litter everywhere, do we? Check the ways some cities try to stop littering. 1. putting up posters 2. having fewer dogs 3. employing extra workers 4. making people pay 5. writing letters to the newspaper 6. educating people 7. closing shops with a lot of litter 8. making people pick up litter 9. not allowing smoking 10. putting litter bins everywhere 11. organising special events 12. paying people not to litter 【5】What Do They Do? What do people around the world do on New Year's Day? A. Christina from Spain On the last day of the year, the 31st of December, people wait until 12 p.m. Everybody must have 12 grapes to eat at midnight. At each sound of the clock, we must eat a grape. But we can't ever finish eating the grapes on time! Usually people still have some grapes in their mouths. They look at each other and start to laugh. This tradition started in Spain long ago. One year, when there were a lot of grapes, the king of Spain decided to give grapes to everybody to eat on New Year's Eve. B. Cordon from Britain On New Year's Day in Britain, people have parties. At 12 o'clock, the music stops, and we listen to the radio. On the radio we hear Big Ben, the famous clock in London. Then everybody sings a special song about friendship and kisses their friends. We say "Happy New Year" to each other. It's lucky if a tall man with dark hair is the first person to come to the house in the new year. So I go and visit as many friends as I can. They all give me a drink. C. Angela from Brazil In all cities in Brazil, we have a big party on New Year's Eve, especially in Rio de Janeiro. People in this city go to the beaches to watch fireworks. We put flowers in the sea and think about things we want for ourselves or others. We usually wear white clothes for good luck during the New Year. Read the passage and complete the sentences. At New Year ... 1. brings good luck to friends. 2. continues a tradition started by the king. 3. eats grapes and laughs. 4. goes to the beach and puts flowers in the sea. 5. listens to the radio. 6. wears white clothes.


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