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上海交通大学附属中学2015-2016学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc


上海交通大学附属中学 2015-2016 学年度第二学期 高一英语期中试卷
(满分 150 分,130 分钟完成,答案一律写在网上阅卷答题纸上) 第I卷 I. Listening comprehension (30%) Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Husband and wife. C. Teacher and students. 2. 3. 4. A. 5:15 A. It’s Tuesday. B. 5:30 B. It’s Thursday. B. Doctor and patient. D. Repairman and customer. C. 5:45 C. It’s Friday. D. 6:00 D. It’s Saturday.

A. She won’t take part in the party tomorrow. B. Her sister is actually a rude person. C. They should have invited her earlier. D. She wonders if she can bring someone to the party.

5.

A. He will buy the apartment. C. He will sell the apartment to the woman.

B. He will buy a better apartment. D. He’d like to find a cheaper apartment. B. Taking Mary to Japanese Garden. D. Taking her out instead of Mary. B. By doing physical exercise. D. By eating fruit and vegetables.

6.

A. Taking Mary to Japan for dinner. C. Taking Mary to the Korean restaurant.

7.

A. By going on a diet. C. By having fewer meals.

8.

A. It’s the cheapest shopping mall nearby. B. It’s the woman’s favourite shopping mall. C. It sold out 50% of the goods last weekend.

D. The goods were on sale there last weekend. 9. A. Jonathan was well known during his childhood. B. Jonathan was popular with young movie stars. C. Jonathan wrote some stories about a movie star. D. Jonathan made movies because of his unusual childhood. 10. A. The woman doesn’t agree with the man. B. Drunk driving causes many accidents on the road. C. Most people killed in the accidents are heavy drinkers. D. People should be careful with the traffic when crossing the road. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. In 1889. 12. A. Volleyball. B. In 1854. B. Surfing. C. In 1900. C. Basketball. D. In 2004. D. Skiing.

13. A. Major sports at University of Melbourne, Australia. B. Reasons why many young people want to study aboard. C. The history of the University of Melbourne, Australia. D. A brief introduction of the University of Melbourne.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. The surface of Earth will be rising with the temperature. B. Animals and plants will be made to move to warmer places. C. Birds are going to start their travel later in the year. D. Many kinds of wildlife will have to give up their native environments. 15. A. Tree flowering is taking place earlier than before. B. The scientists warn that some creatures could become extinct. C. Environmental damage and local losses of wildlife lead to climate changes.

D. Plants and animals have always had to respond to the changing environments. 16. A. There were 99 kinds of birds, insects and plants in America and Europe. B. On average, the area has moved north by 16 kilometers every ten years. C. These examined plants and animals survived the changes by moving north. D. In Europe, some butterflies now move 100 kilometers to the south. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Recipe for Chocolate Cookies ▲ mix together 2 cups of __17__ and a teaspoon of baking soda ▲ add a teaspoon of salt ▲ mix together a cup of butter and a cup of sugar in a __18__ bowl ▲ add 2 eggs and __19__ all the things ▲ slowly mix in a cup of chocolate and a cup of nuts ▲ form little cookies from the mixture ▲ bake for 8 minutes at __20__ degrees centigrade

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What is a zip code used for? What is an area code used for? Where does the boy write the zip code? How many area codes does a state have? It’s used for __21__. It’s used for making __22__ phone calls. He writes it __23__ It __24__ the number of telephones.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary(20+16+10%) Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. America cannot understand its own history ________ the African-American experience is accepted as a central factor in shaping who we are and what we have become as Americans. A. when B. on condition that C. unless D. in case

26. Until Alice told me that astonishing secret ________. A. I didn’t have any idea what had happened to our company. B. did I have no idea what had happened to our company. C. didn’t I have any idea what had happened to our company. D. had I no idea what had happened to our company. 27. ________ is often the case with all friendship, a husband and wife need to share activities to give them continuing common interests. ________ at the same time they must spend enough time on separate interests to develop their separate personalities and keep their relationship fresh. A. As…While B. Such…But C. As…But D. Such…Although

28. Diamond is so precious a treasure ________ many ladies want to own ________ it may cost. A. what…however C. that…whatever B. as…whatever D. for…no matter what

29. Hardly ________ the puzzle ________ it combines with several hardest-ever questions men have ever known. A. can everybody solve…although C. had everybody solved…when B. anybody can solve…in that D. can nobody solve…since

30. ________, and seconds later, ________, with tears rolling in eyes. A. From the back of the classroom burst a roar of laughter…out the little girl rushed B. From the back of the classroom did a roar of laughter burst…out rushed she C. From the back of the classroom burst a roar of laughter…out rushed the little girl D. From the back of the classroom did a roar of laughter burst…out she rushed 31. –I heard it was seven years ________ he established his own company.

–Right. It was ________ he did a large quantity of researches ________ cost him so much time. A. before…as…which C. since…since…that B. since…that…that D. before…because…which

32. Last night, I was packing my bag and texting a message to my boss ________ I heard the cry for help from outside the office. A. when B. as C. before D. while

33. ________ others says to me, it is definitely my great pleasure to do ________ you ask me to. A. No matter what…no matter what C. Whichever…whatever B. No matter what…whatever D. Whatever…no matter what

34. Put a mark ________ you have a question so that you won’t forget to ask ________ you open the book. A. at where…next time C. where…next time B. at the place where…next time when D. wherever…next time when

35. That multinational company is adopting an aggressive expanding strategy, with the result that it has recruited ________ in the year of 2015 as they did two years ago. A. three times as many new employees C. three times as many as new employees B. three times many new employees D. three times more new employees than

36. Handsome ________ Shawn is, ________ many students hold the belief that he can be more handsome ________ he loses a little weight. A. though…but…if only C. though…/…only if 37. –I probably lost my wallet somewhere! –Can it be in the biology lab ________ Dr. Peterson did all the experiments? A. where B. that C. which D. when B. as…/…if only D. as…but…only if

38. ________ the complexity of the work that had been assigned to them on such a short notice, they did a really good job, so the manager was convinced that ________ more time, they would have done a better job. A. Given…given C. Considering…being given B. Giving…giving D. In light of…to give

39. In 1965, it was the first time that African-Americans in USA ________ to vote, while a higher

percentage of blacks than whites voted in a presidential election ________ in history in 2012. A. had had the right…the first time C. had the right…for the first time B. had had the right… for the first time D. had the right…the first time

40. ―Excuse me,‖ he said, with more dignity than I would have thought ________ his appearance. A. it possible to consider C. it possible considering B. possible considering D. possible to consider

41. In this restaurant he found no dishes completely to his ________. A. tongue B. mouth C. taste D. style

42. Because Americans emphasize independence, young people are expected to ________ their parental families by the time they have reached their early twenties, but that doesn't mean ________ relations with their families. A. break off, breaking off C. break through, breaking up B. break up, breaking down D. break away from, breaking off

43. Having done whatever he can and prepared well for the exam, he stepped into the exam hall ________. A. purposely B. purposefully C. intentionally D. with intention

44. Word came that the needy ________ warmly welcomed by those local communities and to my surprise, I found it was indeed the ________. A. were…matter C. were…case B. was…matter D. was…case

Section B Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

(A) On Sept. 6 the Chinese Health Ministry issued a 41-page set of guidelines. The topic? Technical Guidelines on Intervention When an Old Person Has Fallen Down. So what's a witness to a fallen elderly citizen in China (45)___________(do)? Lots of basic

medical advice (46)___________(contain) in the guide. But the Health Ministry's handbook also tells bystanders ―not to help them up in a hurry, (47)___________ to observe and inquire about their health conditions first and then act accordingly.‖ Actually, helping hands can be uncommon in China and you might have read a lot about (48)___________ it is happening. Some people blame the corrosive effects of a flawed ideology in China. But there also may be a legal obstacle to Good Person instincts, according to local media. ―The government should focus on re-establishing social trust (49)___________ the top priority after a series of cases across the country where people (50)___________(try) to help those who were in trouble or something were instead wrongly accused of causing the accident,‖ wrote the Shanghai Daily. It then referred to a notorious case in ―Nanjing in 2006, when Peng Yu helped an old woman up after she fell near a bus stop, but she then accused Peng of pushing her down. A court ruled in her favor and Peng was ordered to pay 40,000 yuan compensation.‖ A poll by the People's Daily, found that nearly 90% of 2,425 people (51)___________(survey) online would refuse to help an elderly person who had fallen down, (52)___________ they should be trapped in legal hot water.

(B) How to Grow Old Some old people are oppressed by the fear of death. In the young there is a justification for this feeling. Young men who have reason to fear that they will be killed in battle (53)___________ justifiably feel bitter in the thought that they have lost the best things that life has to offer. But in an old man who has known human joys and sorrows, and (54)___________(achieve) everything, the fear of death is somewhat shameful. The best way (55)___________(overcome) it -- so at least it seems to me -- is to make your interests gradually wider and more impersonal(超脱个人感情 的), (56)___________ bit by bit the walls of the ego(自我) become gradually weaker and smaller, and your life is increasingly combined with the universal life. An individual human existence should be like a river -- small at first, narrowly contained within its banks, and (57)___________(rush) passionately past big rocks and over waterfalls. Gradually the river grows wider, the banks move away, the waters flow more quietly, and in the end, (58)___________ any visible break, they become merged(融合) in the sea, and painlessly lose their individual being.

The man who, in old age, can see his life in this way, will not suffer from the fear of death, since the things he cares for will continue. And (59)___________, with the gradual disappearance of energy and enthusiasm, tiredness increases, the thought of rest will be not unwelcome. I should wish to die (60)___________ still at work, knowing that others will carry on what I can no longer do, and satisfaction in the thought that what was possible has been done.

Section C Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. strikingly B. supposing AD. addressing BC. burden C. critical D. regarding BD. flooding CD. practical AB. issue AC. practices ABC. seemingly

As world leaders gathered in Brussels on Monday for an European Union-Turkey summit(峰 会) focused on the refugee (61)________, journalists in Turkey strongly criticized the EU for "turning a blind eye" to the country's attempts to put an end to its free press. Late Friday, Turkish authorities raided( 突袭 ) the country’s leading newspaper, Zaman, turning what had been a media outlet (62)________ of the government into a virtual state mouthpiece(喉舌) overnight. Some fights happened later, with police using tear-gas to stop demonstrators from gathering outside Zaman’s office to protest. Just three days later, Turkish Prime Minister Davutoglu shook hands with EU heads of state during several talks (63)________ the huge number of migrants and refugees using Turkey as a passing point to Europe. There seemed to be only whispers of Friday’s (64)________ open disrespect for press freedom. The EU has reportedly promised Turkey $6 billion to support 2.7 million Syrian refugees currently living in the country. While hundreds of thousands of refugees have made the long journey to Europe, much of the (65)________ in the last five years has been placed on Turkey to support the (66)________ endless flow of men, women and children fleeing war. ―There is no freedom of expression left in Turkey." Several EU leaders reportedly spoke frankly with Davutoglu about recent worrying events (67)________ press freedom in Turkey. An EU spokesperson on Saturday stressed that Turkey, as an EU candidate country, "needs to

respect and promote high democratic standards and (68)________, including freedom of the media. The press must be free everywhere." But things are far more complicated. "The EU will act in accordance with Ankara’s(安卡拉, 土耳其首都) priorities and probably will not do things against its will (69)________ the EU wants Turkey to willingly and actively cope with the refugee problem, " said Gulten, an employee of Today’s Zaman. He then added, "With the refugees (70)________ in Europe, Turkey has been using that problem as a card against European leaders in order to silence them about the violations in Turkey."

III. Reading Comprehension (15+22+8%) Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Arnold Abbott handed out four plates of food to homeless people in a South Florida park. Then police __71__ the 90-year-old from serving up another bite. "An officer said, 'Drop that __72__ right now -- like I had a weapon,'" Abbott said. Abbott and two pastors(牧师) in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, were __73__ with feeding the homeless in public on Sunday, the city's first crackdowns(镇压) under a new ban __74__ on public food sharing. Now they face possible jail time and a $500 __75__, CNN said. __76__ some criticism from homeless advocates, city officials have vowed the new rules will __77__. "Just because of media attention we don't stop enforcing the law." Mayor Jack Seiler told CNN. He also __78__ the law in an interview with the Sun-Sentinel newspaper. "I'm not satisfied with having a cycle of homeless in the city of Fort Lauderdale," Seiler said. "__79__ a meal for them and keeping them in that cycle on the street is not productive." __80__ Abbott, who has been helping feed homeless people in the area through his Love Thy Neighbor nonprofit since 1991, said authorities are targeting the city's most __81__ residents." These are the poorest of the poor. They have nothing. They don't have a roof over their head," he said. "And evidently, who can they __82__?" "The law that the city passed is ridiculous. The whole thing was designed to rid Fort

Lauderdale of its homeless," Abbott said. "Police told me anyone who touches a pan ... anyone who is __83__, will be arrested." He also said the threat of charges won't stop him from doing it again. "I'm not afraid of jail. I'm not __84__ it, but if I have to go down there, I will," he said. On Wednesday, Abbott said he'd be at Fort Lauderdale Beach, ready to __85__ another meal. 71. A. allowed 72. A. gun 73. A. charged 74. A. aimed 75. A. punishment 76. A. Although 77. A. take up 78. A. declared 79. A. Giving 80. A. But 81. A. privileged 82. A. turn away 83. A. contained 84. A. looking on 85. A. reserve B. stopped B. bomb B. accused B. lifted B. fine B. Due to B. take over B. justified B. Supplying B. However B. disadvantaged B. turn up B. included B. looking forward to B. deserve C. criticized C. plate C. blamed C. imposed C. sting C. When C. take effect C. proved C. Offering C. Moreover C. invulnerable C. turn to C. involved C. looking down on C. serve D. suspected D. sample D. arrested D. held D. suspicion D. Despite D. take in D. offended D. Providing D. So D. affluent D. turn down D. participated D. looking into D. preserve

Section B Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Brigham Young University students can now receive the unconditional love of dogs without breaking rules prohibiting pets in university housing. Jenna Miller started her company Puppies for Rent this summer in the Provo area as a way for students and others to rent puppies by the hour. The pups have been rented for first dates and surprise parties and by mothers rewarding their

children. After signing a contract, customers can rent them for $15 an hour, $25 for two hours and $10 for each additional hour. Miller offers her seven puppies for playtime rentals, with each dog hand delivered straight to the customers’ door. Her lawyer brother helps her with legal contracts and fees. She now has four employees helping look after and deliver the animal. Carl Arky, spokesman for the Humane Society of Utah said his group is against the business. Puppies need consistency and stability in their lives, he said, and renting them to various people might affect the animals’ growth and development. Miller said the animals are treated well and she has a 100 percent success rate so far finding them a permanent home. Money paid by renters goes toward adoption fees if they decide to own a puppy.

86. Which of the following are not possible renters of the puppies? A. Young lovers. B. Party organizers. C. Mothers. D. Scientific group members.

87. Miller’s brother’s main responsibility is to _____. A. draft contracts B. deliver animals C. find adoption families D. walk dogs

88. Why is Carl in disagreement with the service? A. Because playing with pets is harmful to children’s health. B. Because some people will be cruel to the rented animals. C. Because unstable living environment is not good for animal’s growth. D. Because it will prohibit the puppies from finding a permanent home.

(B) TENANCY AGREEMENT DEFINITIONS THE LANDLORD Mrs Gloria Black of 6 Sutton Road, Cambridge CB5 7AQ THE TENANT Marina Kahn PROPERTY 24a Wood Road, Cambridge CB2 8BG TOGETHER WITH CONTENTS (fixtures, furniture and equipment) specified in the inventory (attached)

TERM from 1st January 20 ___ to 31 st December 20 ___ (12 months) RENT ? 500 per calendar month, payable in advance on the first day of each month DEPOSIT ? 500, payable on commencement(开始) of this Agreement AGREEMENTS A The Landlord may re-enter the Property and terminate this Agreement if the Rent or any part of it is not paid within fourteen days after it becomes due. B The Landlord may bring the tenancy to an end at any time before the expiry of the Term (but not earlier than six months from the Commencement Date of this Contract) by giving the Tenant not less than two months’ written notice starting that the Landlord requires possession of the Property. C The Landlord shall put the deposit with the Deposit Protection Service, and shall inform the Tenant within 14 days of taking the deposit of the contact details of this service and details of how to apply for the release of the deposit from this service. TENANT’S OBLIGATIONS 1 Pay the Rent into the Landlord’s bank account at the times specified. 2 Pay for all water, gas and electricity consumed on the Property during the Term; and pay in full for all charges made for the use of telephone on the Property during the Term. 3 Keep the interior of the Property during the Term in a good and clean state of repair, condition and decoration. 4 Permit the Landlord to enter the Property at all reasonable times; to inspect the Property and its contents; and to carry out any works of maintenance or repair to the Property; to show prospective new Tenants around the Property at the end of the tenancy. 5 Not take in any paying guest without the prior written consent of the Landlord. 6 Not use the Property other than as a private dwelling; nor carry on any profession, trade or business in the Property. 7 Not use any musical instrument, wireless or television between midnight and 7 am, nor permit any singing or dancing between these hours. 8 Not keep in the Property any cat, dog or other pet without the prior written consent of the Landlord. SIGNATURES

Tenant: Witnessed by:

Name (print): MARINA KAHN Name (print): ALICE RACE

Signed: Marina Kahn Signed: A. RACE

Occupation: SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHER Address: 16 School House Lane, Cambridge, CB2 8GH Tenant: Witnessed by: Name (print): GLORIA BLACK Name (print): OLIVE LYDIA LEE Occupation: Librarian Address: 3 Fieldhead Road, Peterborough PB4 8DU Signed: Gloria Black Signed: Olive L Lee

89. What’s the monthly rent of the property? A. ? 500. B. ? 575. C. ? 1000. D. ? 1500.

90. What’s the landlord’s witness? A. A teacher. B. A librarian. C. A house agent. D. A bank clerk.

91. Which of the following is allowed in the property? A. Watching TV at any time. B. Holding an all-night dancing party. C. Changing it into a business office. D. Entertaining friends with self-cooked meals. 92. Which of the following is the right of the landlord? A. He can show new tenants around the property at any time. B. He can take back his property without any notice. C. He can enter the property to inspect its contents. D. He can keep the deposit for himself.

(C) Since the 1990s computers have continually gotten better at beating us at many games like chess, checkers, and pokers. But there is one game at which expert human players continue to dominate machines: Go( 围棋 ). But researchers at Google DeepMind announced today that they’ve created a sophisticated artificial intelligence program that has beaten a Go champion for the first time in history.

To understand what the DeepMind researchers did to create such an impressive program you first have to appreciate why Go is such a difficult game for computers. First, Go has a ridiculous number of possible moves and outcomes—according to the researchers, there are more possible positions in Go than the number of atoms in the universe. The reason why computer had a hard time with Go, explains Jonathan Schaeffer, a computer scientist, is that Go players need a large pool of knowledge—past experiences with the game—to draw from. ―In chess a computer can follow preprogrammed rules, but it is not workable for Go, because the game is largely about patterns rather than a set of logical rules that can be written down. The DeepMind team’s system addresses both the massive search and lack of knowledge problems. In a newly-published study, they describe combining a search technique and deep learning to overcome these obstacles. To solve the knowledge problem, the researchers used ―deep neural networks‖—two 13-layer-deep networks that consist of millions of connections and trained them with two methods: For one network, they showed the computer more than 30 million moves from games played by human experts to help the system learn how the best players win; and for both, the researchers had the computer play thousands of games with itself to discover new strategies and learn the game on its own. These two training strategies allowed the computer to recognize patterns in the game and identify what moves gave it the best chance of winning. For the search problem, the researchers exploited the Monte Carlo Tree Search Technique, which allows the system to use statistics to determine the best move, rather than play out every possible outcome. The search technique used by the DeepMind team is not new. What makes DeepMind’s AlphaGo so advanced is the way they put together all the tools, along with the high performance of the deep neural networks. ―The main novelty is in how they’ve combined these different ingredients together—they’ve innovated in doing that,‖ says Yoshua, a computer scientist. Now AlphaGo has an immediate problem: how to beat the world’s best Go player, Lee Sedol. This March the two will play each other in Seoul, South Korea. And although AlphaGo played well against Fan Hui, Schaeffer still predict Sedol will win the match. ―But I think the pro will be shocked at how strong the program is,‖ he says. For now, at least some people are still placing

their bets on humans.

93. What did AlphaGo achieve for the first time in history according to the passage? A. A ridiculous quantity of results based on how it moves in one game. B. Winning almost all the games against other artificial intelligence program. C. Being the first Google product in Go game. D. Beating a human champion Go expert. 94. The researchers made the AlphaGo so impressive a program by ________. A. using Monte Carlo Tree Search, though it’s not a brand new approach to solving the issue. B. implementing a complicated deep-learning system for computer to identify the best move. C. figuring out how to help computer play out all moves and recognize the best possible outcome. D. delicately combining a search method that is not innovative and deep neural networks. 95. Why did computer programmers find it extremely hard to design a program for computers to play Go like humans? A. Because in playing Go a man needs to follow a wealth of logical rules. B. Because Go has as tremendous moves and results as any other board game does. C. Because humans always learn lessons from previous games and apply them to the next round. D. Because the massive search and lack of knowledge just can’t be handled anyway. 96. Which one of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. People and some experts hold on to the opinion that Lee Sedol is a better player than Fan Hui. B. Just like AlphaGo, Monte Carlo Tree Search is also something that Google proudly presents. C. Researchers showed AlphaGo how human experts play to make it merely remember all the strategies. D. AlphaGo has convinced all human beings of the idea that artificial intelligence can conquer human.

Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

There's a reason your mother told you to look people in the eye when you talk to them: eye contact conveys important social cues. Yet when someone holds your gaze for more than a few seconds, the experience can lead to a different feeling. New work explores the factors that affect whether we like or loathe locking eyes for a lengthy period. Researchers have long known that eye contact is an important social signal. Our recognition of its import may even be determined. One study found that five-day-old babies prefer looking at faces that make direct eye contact compared with faces that have an averted(躲避的) gaze. ―Eye contact provides some of the strongest information during a social interaction,‖ explains James Wirth, a social psychologist, because it conveys details about emotions and intentions. The power of eye contact is so great that, according to a 2010 study, if someone avoids your gaze for even a short period, you may feel rejected. But what determines how we feel about prolonged eye contact? One recent study explored this question. In research recently presented at the Vision Sciences Society conference, psychologist Alan Johnston and his colleagues at University College London collected information from more than 400 volunteers about their personalities. Then the subjects indicated their comfort level while watching video clips of actors who appeared to be looking directly at them for varying lengths of time. Johnston and his colleagues found that, on average, the subjects liked the actors to make eye contact with them for 3.2 seconds, but the subjects were comfortable with a longer duration if they felt the actors looked trustworthy as opposed to threatening. ―Gaze conveys that you are an object of interest, and interest is linked to intention,‖ Johnston explains—so if someone appears threatening and holds your gaze, that could indicate that the person has bad intentions. This idea could help explain findings from a controversial study published in 2013, which reported that people are more likely to change their views on a political issue when they are being challenged by people who do not make eye contact with them. If the challengers had made eye contact, they might have seemed more threatening and less trustworthy. Our reaction to prolonged eye contact may relate to how we think of ourselves, too. Johnston and his colleagues found that the more cooperative and warm subjects believed themselves to be, the longer they liked eye contact to be held. Johnston speculates that the more socially comfortable a person feels, the more he or she may ―enjoy the closeness of mutual gaze.‖

(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 12 WORDS.) 97. In order not to make others feel excluded, it is suggested that a person________ 98. What information did Alan Johnston collect for his research? 99. What determines how people feel about prolonged eye contact? 100. What kind of person is more likely to change other’s view on a political issue?

第 II 卷 II. Translation(9+20%) Section I Directions: Complete the sentences, using the proper phrases you have learnt. 1. 把一个明星误认为是我们帅气的老师 2. 通过协商解决两国间的争端 3. 那些陈列成一排的美味布丁 4. 无意去给他施加压力 5. 预测人工智能的前景 6. 用一块破破烂烂的手帕擦眼睛 7. 推迟了空洞的改革政策 8. 坚持要买一套精装房 9. A 与 B 在创新能力上旗鼓相当

Section II Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 许多年轻人期望把婚姻完全寄托于运气,这太荒谬了。(leave) 2. 家长嘱咐孩子别在河边嬉戏,以免遭遇不测。(for fear) 3. 这名律师不仅给不出确凿的证据,而且他还试图引起公众对于案件的怀疑。(Not only…) 4. 正是只有当你抱有积极的人生观的时候你才能有尊严地面对生活的挫折。(It…) 5. 了解到那位脸上布满皱纹的老太太非常渴望见到那位医生,我动了恻隐之心,给了她医 生的电话号码。(long)

高一下期中考试英语答案与听力文字稿
Answer 1-5 DABDA 6-10 CBDAB 11-13 BDD 17. flour 19. combine 21. mailing letters 23. on the envelope 14-16 DCC 18. separate 20. 175 22. long distance/ long-distance 24. depends on

25. C unless 用法 26. A Until 用法 27. C 状语从句连词用法 28. B 定语从句;让步状语从句连词用法 29. B hardly 用法;原因状语从句 30. C 完全倒装

31. D 固定句型;强调句 32. A 固定句型 33. B whatever 的用法 34. C 地点状语从句 where;时间状语从句 next time 35. A 比较状语从句 A 36. C 让步状语从句倒装;从属连词;if only vs. only if 37. A 强调句与定语从句辨析 38. A 状语从句连词;given 表“如果有” 39. B. it was the first time 句型&the first time 与 for the first time 辨析 40. B. considering 用法考察与课文句型搭配(定语从句) 41. C. to one’s taste 固定搭配考察 42. D. break 词组辨析 43. B. 坚定地 44. C. the+adj.主谓一致;case 短语固定搭配

45. to do 52. lest

46. is contained 47. but

48. why

49. as

50. trying

51. surveyed

53. may/will 59. if/when

54. has achieved 60. while/when

55. to overcome

56. until

57. rushing

58. without

61-65 AB C AD A BC 71-75 BCACB 86-88 DAC

66-70 ABC D AC B BD 81-85 BCCBC 93-96 DDCA

76-80 DCBDA 89-92 ABDC

97. (should) not avoid others’ gaze for even a short period. [make direct eye contact] -1 98. (1) Volunteers’ personalities and (2) their comfort level while watching video clips (of actors). 99. How they think of actors(1) as well as themselves(2).

or: (1)Considering actors trustworthy and (2)being socially comfortable. 100. (1)The one who is challenging others and (2)don’t make eye contact. Or: A challenger with little eye contact.

Translation Phrases 1. mistake a star for our handsome teacher 2. settle the dispute/conflict between the two countries through negotiation 3. those delicious puddings that are laid out in a row 4. have no intention of put/to put pressure on him 5. predict the prospect of artificial intelligence 6. wipe eyes with a torn handkerchief 7. postpone/put off the hollow reform policies 8. insist on buying a well-furnished house/apartment/flat 9. A be equal to B in innovation/innovative/creative/creation ability

Sentences 1. Many young people expect to leave their marriage entirely up to luck, which is very ridiculous. 2. Parents tell their children not to play by the river for fear of accident/for fear that they should encounter the unexpected things. 3. Not only did the lawyer fail to give solid evidence, but he also tried to arouse the public suspicion of the case. 4. It is only when you have/adopt a positive outlook on life that you can face/face up to setback/frustration/failure of/in life with dignity/dignifiedly. 5. Learning that/Because I learned that the old lady with/who had a wrinkled face longed to visit that doctor very much, in a burst of benevolence, I gave her the doctor ’s telephone number.

听力文字稿 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. W: How long will it take you to fix my cell phone? M: Less than 5 days, madam. Q: What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers? 2. M: Hello, can I book two tickets to Tokyo at 5:15 on February 4th? W: Sorry, we haven’t any flights that time. Is 5:30 or 6:00 all right? Q: Which flight does the man want to take? 3. W: Have you heard that the sports meeting will be put off till next Monday? M: What a pity! We’ll have to wait three more days just because of the heavy rain! Q: What day is it today? 4. M: You’ll come to the party with us tomorrow, won’t you? W: Yes. Well, I know it’s being rude, but can I bring my sister along? Q: What does the woman mean?

5. W: What do you think of the apartment, sir? M: Well, it’s a bit more expensive than I expected. But I’ll take it anyway. Q: What is the man going to do? 6. M: I don’t know where to take Mary for dinner tonight. W: Have you ever been to the Korean restaurant near the Japanese Garden? Q: What does the woman suggest? 7. W: When I go on a diet, I eat only fruit, and that takes off weight quickly. M: I prefer to eat whatever I want, and then run regularly to lose weight. Q: How does the man control his weight? 8. M: Have you been to the nearest shopping mall recently? W: Yes. I went there last Friday. Everything was sold at a special discount of 50%. Q: What can we learn about the shopping mall? 9. W: So please tell us a little bit about your book, Jonathan. M: Well, as you know, I was a popular movie star when I was young, so I had a very unusual childhood. This book tells my story. Q: What can we learn from the conversation? 10. M: I think more attention should be paid to the danger of drunk driving now. W: I can’t agree with you more. You see, countless innocent people are killed by drunk drivers each year. Q: What does the woman mean?

Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. For many young people, studying abroad is a dream. You can get a chance to broaden your vision, to learn about a new culture, to make new friends in a foreign country and to study at the

world’s finest schools. Now, let’s look at one of the top universities from around the world, the University of Melbourne, Australia. This university has established itself one of the finest universities in Australia as well as the whole world. It is located in the beautiful city of Melbourne. The school prides itself on being international and open to the world, and there are a large number of students from China. In 2004, the university celebrated its 150-year anniversary. The school now boasts 40,000 students pursuing degrees in architecture, medicine, law and education. The University’s Melbourne Business School is ranked number one in Australia and the Asia-Pacific region. Cricket is the major sport at the university, and basketball and football are also very popular. There are also teams for water skiing, surfing and volleyball. If you apply for this university, your TOEFL scores are required to reach 577 or more. The tuition fee is reasonable. A Bachelor of Arts for international students only costs about $57,750. Questions: 11. When was the University of Melbourne set up? 12. Which sport is NOT mentioned in the passage? 13. What does this passage mainly tell us? Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. We know the temperature is rising on Earth’s surface. This forces animals and plants to move to cooler areas and make other changes. Warmer weather is causing many kinds of wildlife to leave their native environments. Nature magazine reports that such natural events as tree flowering and long-distance travel by birds are now happening earlier in the year. The scientists say the result of these changes could be environmental damage and local losses of wildlife. They also warn that some creatures could disappear completely. Plants and animals have always had to react to the changing environments. However, the climate is now changing faster than ever before. In a study, the scientists examined 99 kinds of birds, insects and plants in North America and Europe. They found that the area where these plants and animals live has moved north by an average of six kilometers every ten years. In Europe, some butterflies now live as much as 100

kilometers to the north because of changes linked to higher temperatures. Questions: 15. What will happen to the wildlife with the rising of temperature? 16. Which of the statements is NOT true according to the passage? 17. What does the study made by scientists imply?

Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. W: Brian, your chocolate cookies taste so nice. Could you tell me your recipe for them? M: Sure. First, mix together 2 cups of flour and a teaspoon of baking soda. Then add a teaspoon of salt. After that, mix together a cup of butter and a cup of sugar in a separate bowl. Are you with me so far, Alice? W: Yes. I’m following you. M: Okay. Next, add 2 eggs and then … W: Oh, wait, Brian! I didn’t get that. M: Don’t worry. I’ll say it again. Next, add 2 eggs, and then combine all these in a large bowl. W: Okay. I’ve got it. M: Good. Now, where was I? Oh, yes. Slowly mix in a cup of chocolate and a cup of nuts, any nuts you like. Then form little cookies from the mixture. And finally, bake for 8 minutes at 175 degrees centigrade. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. W: Excuse me, can you explain some differences between a zip code and an area code?

M: Sure. Both of them are numbers. A zip code is for mailing letters. An area code is for making phone calls. W: What kind of phone calls? M: Long distance calls. W: All right. And what is a zip code? M: When I write a letter to my friends in New York, I write 10035 on the envelope. That’s their zip code. W: I have some friends who also live in New York, but their zip code is 10004. M: Yes. In a big state there are different zip codes for different parts of the state. As to the area code, it depends. Sometimes a whole state has the same area code if it doesn’t have many telephones. For instance, the area code for the whole state of Arizona is 802. But a large state usually has a larger number of telephones, so it may have more than one area code. W: Yes, you are right! New York State has millions of telephones, and it really has several area codes. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.


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