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新标准大学英语unit5-Language in use

Language in use

(Unit 5)

Word formation: prefixes up - and under 1 Complete the sentences with the words in brackets and the appropriate prefix up - or under -. 1 I had to swim underwater for a long way to get out of their sight. (water) 2 What’s happened since I’ve been away. Can you update me? (date) 3 The first rule in any combat is: Never underestimate your enemy. (estimate) 4 My men spent most of the morning carrying heavy equipment uphill (hill) 5 As he didn’t have his bathing costume with him, the child went swimming with his underpants (pants ) 6 This computer isn’t very powerful. I need an upgrade (grade) 7 You should stand upright to salute the General. (right) 8 In London the subway is known as the Underground (ground)

Word formation: noun verb
2 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Teaching tips When Ss have completed their answers, ask Ss to go over the answers in pairs: Student A reads an answer and Student B has to add a comment or reply, then Ss reverse roles with the next item, etc. Later, ask one pair to demonstrate how they added comments or replies. Example: A: How can I access your account without the password? B: You can’t, and I afraid that for security reasons I can’t tell you my password… B: About a hundred people crowded into the waiting room. A: Yes, it must have been awful. I suppose you had to wait for ages. 1 Can you send me a text message when you arrive? (text) Can you text me when you arrive? 2 I would like to make a video of this scene. (video) 3 Samantha is taken to school by bus every morning. (bussed) Samantha is bussed to school every morning. 4 How can I get access to your account without the password? (access) 5 About 100 people moved in a crowd into the waiting room. (crowded) 6 I’ve already sent you my reply by mail. (mailed) I’ve already mailed you my reply. 7 That’s a lot of money you’ve got there. I think you should put it in the bank. (bank) That’s a lot of money you’ve got there. I think you should bank it. 8 Scientists have succeeded in making a map of the human genome. (mapping)

The time / day will come when + will
3 Rewrite the sentences, beginning with the expressions in brackets. 1 One day he will be able to speak fluent English. (The day will come) The day will come when he will be able to speak fluent English.
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2 You’ll both have to get a job one day. (The time will come) The time will come when you’ll both have to get a job one day. 3 One day you will have a chance to write about the experience. (There will come a day) There will come a day when you will have a chance to write about the experience. 4 Perhaps one day I will understand. (Perhaps the day will come) Perhaps the day will come when I will understand.

what must it be / have been like
4 Rewrite the sentences using what must it be/have been like. 1 It’s very cold here. I wonder how cold it is in Scotland. If it’s very cold here, what must it be like in Scotland? 2 Houses are expensive in this part of country. I wonder how expensive they are in Paris. If houses are expensive in this part of country, what must they be like in Paris? 3 The reading list is rather long in the first year. I wonder how long it will be in the second year. If the reading list is rather long in the first year, what must it be like in the second year? 4 Incomes are very low here. I wonder how low they were a hundred years ago. If incomes are very low here, what must they have been like a hundred years ago? 5 The rules are completely crazy in peacetime. I wonder how crazy they are during wartime. If the rules are completely crazy in peacetime, what must they have been like during wartime? 6 Life is hard now. I wonder how hard it was during the Middle Ages. If life is hard now, what must it have been like during the Middle Ages? 6 Translate the sentences into English. 1 Though they came across many difficulties, under his leadership they successfully found a market for his products, and the overall situation was changing for the better. In recognition of his outstanding contributions, the company decided to give him a flat as an award. 2 When John challenged him to fencing, he was very embarrassed because he knew that he was no match for John at fencing. If he took the challenge, he would surely lose; but if he didn’t, he would be a coward. 3 He caught a cold yesterday. Assuming that he would get better after a good night’s sleep, we sent him to school this morning. But later in the afternoon, he got back home with a fever and was confined to bed. 4 In the past few years, I have had several severe illnesses and lived in a state of poverty, but I have never abandoned my dreams. In spite of everything I clung to my dreams, which has turned out to be a great support and comfort to me.

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