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广东省2016届高三3月适应性考试英语试题及答案(WORD版)汇总


试卷类型 A

广东省 2016 年适应性测试 高三英语 2016.3
注意事项: 1. 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。答卷前,考生务必将 自己的姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。因测试不考听力,第 I 卷从第二部分的“阅读理解”开始,试题序号从“21”开始。 2. 回答第 I 卷时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。 如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。写在本试卷上无效。 3. 回答第 II 卷时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 4. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第I卷
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A A Guide to the Library’s Facilities To use or reserve the facilities of the library, follow the procedures given at the circulation desk. Group Study Rooms (2F) Students and teaching staff can use these rooms for group study. Students are advised to use unlocked rooms (3 rooms for 2 people, 2 rooms for 4 people) available for free. When you use locked rooms (2 rooms for 4 people, 1 room for 10 people), you need to go through reservation procedures at the circulation desk. These rooms are available for group discussion. Individual Reading Rooms (1-3F) There are 4 single rooms available for use by teaching staff and visiting scholars. Each room is equipped with a computer together 1 printer and 6 scanners. Reservation of these rooms is available for a period up to seven days on end. Meeting Rooms and Seminar Rooms (1-3F) Only teaching staff and graduate students can apply to use these rooms and reserve them one day in advance. The total number of seats is 40. They are available for workshops and small seminars. Computer Rooms (4F) These rooms are available for classes or seminars and so on. The total number of seats is 88. Only teaching staff can apply to use the computer rooms and reserve them one day in advance.
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21. How many locked rooms can students and teaching staff use? A. One C. Four A. a seminar room C. a group study room 23. Who can apply to use the computer rooms? A. Teachers C. Graduate students B From my earlier memory of Mother it somehow seemed quite natural to think of her as different, nor of everyday things as Father was. In those days he was a young-looking man. He did not hesitate to make friends with children as soon as they were able to talk to him and laugh at his stories. Mother was older than he was. She must have been a woman of nearly forty, but she seemed even older. She changed little for a long time, showing no indication of growing old at all until, towards the end of her life, she suddenly became an old lady. I was always inquisitive about Mother’s age. She never had birthdays like other people, nor did anyone else in our family. No candles were ever lit or cakes made or presents given in our house. To my friends in the street who talked delightfully about their birthday parties, I would repeat my mother’s words that such celebrations were only foolish. “Nothing but deception,” she would say. “As though life can be marked by birthdays. It’s deeds, not years, that matter.” Although I often repeated her words and even prided myself on not having birthdays, I once could not help asking Mother when she was born. “I was born. I’m alive as you can see, so what more do you want to know? ” she replied, so sharply that I never asked her about her age again. In so many other ways Mother was different. Whereas all the rest of the women I knew in the neighboring hoses took pride in their housewifely abilities, their new furniture, the neat appearance of their homes, Mother regarded all those things as of little importance. Our house always looked as if we had just moved in or were about to move out. 24. How did Father impress the author? A. He liked writing stories. C. He was a very young man. A. looked quite young C. looked younger than she was B. He loved making friends. D. He was popular with children. B. looked like an old lady C. looked like a forty-year-old woman B. Visiting scholars D. Teachers and students B. Three D. Ten B. a computer room D. an individual reading room

22. If teachers want to print, they can go to ___________.

25. Before the end of her life, Mother ___________.

26. What does the word “inquisitive” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?
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A. Certain

B. Curious.

C. Cautious. C. She was proud. C

D. Confident. D. She was special

27. What do we learn about Mother? A. She was lazy. B. She was strict.

It is only praise or punishment that determines a child’s level of confidence. There are some other important ways we shape our kids-particularly by giving instructions and commands in a negative or positive choice of words. For example, we can say to a child “Don’t run into traffic!” pr “Stay on the footpath close to me.” In using the latter, you will be helping your kids to think and act positively, and to feel competent in a wide range of situations, because they know what to do, and aren’t scaring themselves about what not to do. Why does such a small thing make a difference? It is all in the way the human mind works. What we think, we automatically rehearse (预演). For example, if someone offered you a million dollars not to think of a blue monkey for two minutes, you wouldn’t be able to do it. When a child is told “Don’t fall off the tree,” he will think of two things: “don’t” and “fall off the tree”. That is, he will automatically create the picture of falling off the tree in his mind. A child who is vividly imagining falling off the tree is much more likely to fall off. So it is far better to use “Hold on to the tree carefully.” Clear, positive instructions help kids to understand the right way to do things. Kids do not always know how to be safe, or how to react to the warning of the danger in negative words. So parents should make their commands positive. “Sam, hold on firm to the side of the boat” is much more useful than “Don’t you dare to fall out of the boat?” or worse still “How do you think I’ll feel if you drown?” The changes are small but the difference is obvious. Children learn how to guide and organize themselves from the way we guide them with our words, so it pays to be positive. 28. Positive choice of words helps kids to __________. A. do things carefully C. improve their imagination 29. What can we infer from Paragraph 2? A. A child will act on what is instructed B. One can’t help imagining what is heard. C. A child will fall off the tree when told not to. D. One won’t think of a blue monkey when given money. 30. Which of the following commands helps kids to be safe? A. Fasten your seat belt. B. Don’t play by the lake. C. How do you think I’ll feel if you get hurt? D. Don’t you dare to walk through the red light?
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B. build up their confidence D. learn in different situations

31. The main idea of the passage is that __________. A. praise makes kids confident C. clear commands make kids different B. right instructions keep kids safe D. choice of words can make a difference D In today’s consumer world, we’ve never had so much, yet it seems we’ve never been so unsatisfied. The cost of housing has been rising for decades, and the cost to the planet has been huge, too. But there is a way to live a simpler, greener, and more affordable life: buy a TinyDwelling home! TinyDwelling homes are very small, yet comfortable houses at affordable prices. Each TinyDwelling home has a contemporary design and included a living room, kitchen, bathroom, upstairs sleeping area, and convenient storage space. TinyDwelling homes are cheap to run and ecologically-friendly, too. All you need is a small heater to keep your house warm in cold weather, and solar panels (太阳能电池板) in order to provide light and electricity. TinyDwelling is part of the small-living movement that began in the late 1990s. Back then, a growing number of people began to live in very small homes. They wanted to reduce their possessions, living space, and energy costs, so as to lead more ecologically-friendly lives. But the small-living movement really took off after the economic crisis of 2008, when many people realized that they couldn’t afford to keep large homes. Lizzy Morriaon, a small-living enthusiast, started TinyDwelling homes in 2008 to meet the needs of these people. Since then, Lizzy has been designing and building homes nonstop, and TinyDwelling homes have become so popular that thousands of people have bought one. And Lizzy hasn’t only designing and building houses. She has also been teaching people how to build them. Simply buy the plans and materials so that you can build your own home, and save even more money! 32. It is implied in Paragraph 1 that __________. A. rich people are very unsatisfied B. people are damaging the environment C. there are more poor people than before D. people spend much money in saving the planet 33. What do we know about the small-living movement? A. It aimed to handle the economic crisis. B. It was started by people without houses. C. It was well received by house designers. D. It did not become quite popular until 2008. 34. What is the main attraction of TinyDwelling homes? A. They are affordable. B. They provide storage space. C. They have upstairs sleeping area.
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D.they are equipped with solar panels. 35. Besides designing TinyDwelling homes, Lizzy also ___________. A. urged people to buy them. B. helped people to build them. C. taught people to save money. D. offered courses to train designers.
第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Most teens look forward to learning how to drive.

36

. Fortunately, there are

things that you can do to help your teen become more comfortable behind the wheel. Below are some tips for helping your teen become a more confident driver. ? 37 Before your teen gets behind the wheel of a car, he or she should be familiar with the rules of the road. You should have your teen review the driver’s handbook and the vehicle’s instruction. If your teen understands the basic rules and how the car works, then he or she will feel a little better about getting on the road. ? Model good driving Actions speak louder than words. Many people will tell you that they learned how to drive by watching one of their close family members drive. ? Practice Practice makes perfect. The more your teen practices, the more confident he or she will become. Your teen should start off by driving in a place that is free of barriers. ? Drive in a variety of conditions In order for your teen to become a good driver, he or she has to practice driving in a variety of conditions. ? Get car insurance Many teens are worried about how much money their parents would have to pay if an accident occurred. You should explain to your teen that car insurance can help one save a lot of money. A. Teach your teen the rules of the road B. Everyone should be considerate of others on the road C. You should show good driving techniques with examples D. Let your teen finish school before he or she gets on the road E. An empty parking lo is a good place for a new driver to practice F. This includes things such as heavy traffic, bad weather and freeways G. However, some of them are nervous about actually getting out on the road
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38

.

39

.

After your teen has gotten comfortable about this, he or she can start practicing on the road.

40

.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空 (共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Some adults spend a lot of time trying to stop children playing. They are usually people who think of play as being the 43 41 of work and therefore a waste of time. For humans, 42 must spend time doing the 46 for hours with a 44 playing, and so do other young animals. work is a way of getting food to eat, and like humans, things. Regardless of this, children 45 It is quite

to keep both a small child and a young cat 47

piece of paper. Hunting may be the most obvious skill only one. Lambs and goat kids play learning. Sheep and goats are steepest rocks. 53 animals play, is not so different. 54 trees and catching flies are not 55 in these activities 56 , so the most obvious training for the adult world, but the flexibility is similar to that required of a bus driver or businessman. What we know about animals shows us that playing is a very good way of maybe one of the best ways for is fun, but 58 57 to learn is also by playing. Children find playing 59 , and perhaps that is because D. nature D. cats D. chief D. ignore D. difficult D. amused D. required D. aggressively D. catch D. walk D. equally D. balance D. Developed form 51 48 in play, but it is far from being the 49 anything 50 is an important part of , although they will never

other than some grass. But for these young animals too, exercise young legs and develop a strong sense of 52

hill and mountain animals. Running and skipping that will keep them safe on the

notice that they are also learning at the same time. Most people 60 to learn. C. basis C. parents C. dull C. enjoy C. reasonable C. amazed C. tested C. crazily C. learn C. play C. naturally C. distance C. Inspired by
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continue to play games long after they have become we rely so much on our 41. A. reward 42. A. animals 43. A. same 44. A. delay 45. A. possible 46. A. annoyed 47. A. kept 48. A. endlessly 49. A. hunt 50. A. jump 51. A. strangely 52. A. direction 53. A. Based on B. opposite B. children B. ordinary B. regret B. necessary B. alarmed B. practiced B. clumsily B. plant B. work B. initially B. space B. Compared with

54. A. Climbing 55. A. reduced 56. A. learning 57. A. adults 58. A. generally 59. A. mature 60. A. flexibility

B. Growing B. allowed B. exercising B. creatures B. hardly B. wise B. liberty

C. Watering C. damaged C. improving C. humans C. possibility C. athletic C. responsibility

D. Cutting D. needed D. growing D. students D. truly D. strong D. curiosity

第 II 卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Several years ago I was at a train station in Amsterdam waiting in line to buy a ticket. As I stood there I saw a young man asking people for money so that he could buy his breakfast. Most of the travelers simply 61 (ignore) the young man or gave 64 62 (he) a 63 dirty look, yet a well-dressed middle-aged man reacted differently. When (approach) by the young man, the gentleman looked “How much will you need?” I couldn’t hear the gentleman pulled several them in the young man’s hands. I don’t know whether the young man actually used the money for his breakfast or for 68 purposes. What I do know is that I witnessed two different reactions to the same 69 (be) either afraid or annoyed. And then I saw the 70 (care) in this situation. I saw people who 66 65

at him and quietly asked, 67 (calm) placed

the young man said but watched as

(note) from his wallet and

gentleman who was not afraid and treated the homeless young man as though he were a brother. I decided then and there that, even though we have to be world, I would rather be like the gentleman. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一下作文。文中共有 10 处语言 错误,每句中最多有两处。没出错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 没出错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

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I remember a first time when I saw my little sister Shanshan. I was eight years old. Because my arms looked weak, my mother trusted that I can hold the baby. Then, I took Shanshan on my arms, and I knew how much I very loved her. My mother had a full-time hob, so we had a person which was in charge of housekeeping and taking care of us. I didn’t want anyone else take care of my sister. Therefore, I feed her, gave her a bath, and changed her clothes. When she was cry, I held her. Now Shanshan has grown up and is tall than I am, but I still treat her as my little sister.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,负责学校英文广播站。请你给广播站的顾问 Dr. Brown 写一封电子 邮件,邀请他参加广播站十周年庆典。要点如下: 1. 感谢他的指导; 2. 告知参加庆典时间和地点; 3. 邀请他参加庆典并发言。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;、 3. 结语已为你写好。

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2016 年适应性测试英语答案及评分参考
第二部分: 21. B 26. B 31. D 36. G 第三部分: 41. B 46. D 51. C 56. A 61. ignored 66. notes
第四部分: 第一节: I remember a first time when I saw my little sister Shanshan. I was eight years old. the Because my arms looked weak, my mother trusted that I can hold the baby. Then, I took Although/Though in so we had a person which was in charge of housekeeping and taking care of us. I didn’t want who/that anyone else ∧ take care of my sister. Therefore, I feed her, gave her a bath, and changed her to clothes. When she was cry, I held her. crying Now Shanshan has grown up and is tall than I am, but I still treat her as my little sister. taller 五、One Possible Version Dear Dr. Brown, Thank you so much for having been our consultant for such a long time. With your guidance, our broadcast station has been making great progress and is very popular with the students. In order to celebrate the 10th anniversary of our station, a celebration will be held in the school lecture
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22. D 27. D 32. B 37. A

23. A 28. B 33. D 38. C

24. D 29. B 34. A 39. E

25. C 30. A 35. B 40. F

42. A 47. B 52. D 57. C 62. him 67. calmly

43. A 48. A

44. C 49. A

45. A 50. C 55. D 60. D 65. what 70. careful

53. B 54. A 58. B 59. A 63. approached 64. at 68. other 69. were

could

Shanshan on my arms, and I knew how much I very loved her. My mother had a full-time job,

fed

hall at 7:30 next Friday evening. In the celebration, there will be some performances such as singing and dancing, and we can also play games. We would like to invite you to give a speech at the celebration. We would appreciate it if you can spare the time to come. I am looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

第二节: 一、评分原则 1.本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定 或调整档次,最后给分。 3.词数少于 80 和多于 120 的,从总分中减去 2 分。 4.评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的 连贯性。 5.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时, 应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、 美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6.如书写较差以至影响交际,将其分数降低一个档次。 二、内容要点 1. 感谢他的指导; 2. 告知庆典时间和地点; 3. 邀请他参加庆典并发言。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档(21~25 分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 - 覆盖所有内容要点。 - 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 - 语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致。 - 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档(16~20 分) 完成了试题规定的任务。 - 虽漏掉一两个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。
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- 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 - 语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 - 应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。

第三档(11~15 分) 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 - 虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。 - 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 - 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 - 应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内容连贯。 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。

第二档(6~10 分) 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 - 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 - 语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。 - 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 - 较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。

第一档(1~5 分) 未完成试题规定的任务。 - 明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。 - 语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。 - 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。 - 缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。

0分 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;所写内容均与所要求内容无 关或所写内容无法看清。 四、说明 1.内容要点可用不同方式表达。 2.应紧扣主题,可适当发挥。

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