当前位置:首页 >> 经济学 >>

Planning


Planning
Iris & If

Plans are nothing ; planning is everything .
------- Dwight D Eisenhower

计划不是最重要的,计划的过程才是最重要的。 计划不是最重要的,计划的过程才是最重要的。

Business Plan
A business plan is a formal statement of a set of business goals, the reasons why they are believed attainable, and the plan for reaching those goals.

Why Do Managers Plan?
– planning is the primary management function that establishes the basis for all other management functions – planning gives direction – planning reduces uncertainty – planning reduces overlapping and wasteful activities – planning establishes goals and standards used in controlling

Traditional Objective Setting
T op M agem t’s an en O jectiv b e “W n e eed to im prov e th com an perform e p y’s ance”

D ision iv M anager’s O jectiv b e

“I w to see a ant sign ifican im rov en t p em t in this d ision’s p iv rofits”

D artm t ep en M anager’s O jectiv b e In iv u d id al E p m loyee’s O bjectiv e

“Increase p rofits, regard less of th m s” e ean

“D on’t w orry abou t q ality: ju w u st ork fast”

Types of Plans
strategic plans - apply to the entire organization –establish organization’s overall goals –seek to position the organization in terms of its environment tactical plans - specify the details of how the overall goals are to be achieved –tend to cover short time periods

Types of Plans
? long-term plans - time frame beyond three years – definition of long term has changed with increasingly uncertain organizational environments ? short-term plans - cover one year or less ? specific plans - clearly defined with little room for interpretation – required clarity and predictability often do not exist ? directional plans - flexible plans that set out general guidelines – provide focus without limiting courses of action

Types of Plans
? single-use plans一次性计划 - one-time plans specifically designed to meet the needs of a unique situation ? standing plans持续性计划 - ongoing plans that provide guidance for activities performed repeatedly
– include policies, procedures, and rules

You plan should include :
? An executive summary ? A short description of the business opportunity ? Your marketing and sales strategy ? Your management team and personnel ? Your operations ? Financial forecasts

Planning In The Hierarchy Of Organizations
Strategic Plann ing

Top Executives

Middle-Level Managers

O perational Planning

First-Level Managers

Effective Plan
Most effective plan is a workable document used by organizational members for direction and guidance
如果计划是可操作性的,它为组织成员支 如果计划是可操作性的, 出实际的努力方向和对实施提供指导, 出实际的努力方向和对实施提供指导,这 才是最有效的

The End
Thank you


相关文章:
Hyperion Planning笔记.doc
Hyperion Planning笔记 - Hyperion Planning LESSON1 Hyperion Planning 的定义 基于 Hyperion Essbase 的支持 W...
战略人才规划 Strategic workforce planning_图文.pdf
战略人才规划 Strategic workforce planning - 人力
是“Plan”,还是“Planning”_论文.pdf
是“Plan”,还是“Planning” - 是 “ Plan”, 还是黄润娟 “ Planning” 英文 “ Cit y P lanning”这个词语译成汉语是 “ 城市规划”...
销售计划(Sales Planning).doc
销售计划(Sales Planning) - 销售计划(Sales Planning) 什么是销售计划 销售计划是指在进行销售预测的基础上,设定销售目标额,进而为能具体地实现该目标而实 施销售...
career planning_图文.ppt
career planning - 关于职业规划介绍的英文PPT文稿。... career planning_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。关于职业规划介绍的英文PPT文稿。 LOGO Career Planning www.them...
What is important when planning a presentation.doc
What is important when planning a presentation_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。bec 1. What is important when planning a presentation? (Why?) When planning a...
Planning操作手册_图文.ppt
序言 概要: 第一部分 1.Hyperion Planning 的概念及运行环境 2.Hyperion Planning Client 的详细讲解 3.HAL的简单使用 4.HBR的使用 第二部分 Hyperion Planning ...
计划策略详解-Everything about Planning Strategy in ....pdf
计划策略详解-Everything about Planning Strateg
Dyned Module4__Planning_Ahead.doc
Dyned Module4__Planning_Ahead - Module4
ACCAF5知识点 Planning and Operational Variance Anal....pdf
Planning and Operational Variance Analys
管理学课件第7章 计划的基础(Planning)_图文.ppt
? The quality of planning and implementation affects performance more than the extent of planning.(计划工作的质量以及实现计划 的适当措施,通常要比计划工作...
Enterprise sales and operations planning(企业销售与....doc
Enterprise sales and operations planning(企业销售与运作计划)S&OP - 草译有感: 花了一个多月的时间,我终于把这本书草译出来了。这本书对于生产型产品...
W-Planning1.4使用说明.doc
W-Planning1.4使用说明 - W-Planning(V1.4)插件说明 W-Planning(v1.4)插件说明 目录 1.1 数据制作部分...
Project Management planning and scheduling_图文.ppt
Project Management planning and scheduling_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Project Management Planning & scheduling Copyright ? Nypro China ProM Promotion Part2b 1...
HyperionPlanning管理员参考资料.doc
HyperionPlanning管理员参考资料_计算机软件及应用_IT/计算机_专业资料 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 HyperionPlanning管理员参考资料_计算机软件及应用_IT/...
英语教学法7.Lesson Planning_图文.ppt
英语教学法7.Lesson Planning_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。英语教学法7.Lesson Planning Lesson Planning Teaching Contents ? ? ? ? Why is lesson planning ...
Hyperion Planning产品介绍.pdf
Hyperion Planning产品介绍 - Oracle Planning产品介绍 北京诺亚舟财务咨询有限公司 2011年9月 PDF created with pdfFactory Pr...
管理学第7章计划的基础(Planning)._图文.ppt
管理学第7章计划的基础(Planning)._生产/经营管理_经管营销_专业资料
APS(Advanced Planning and Scheduling)高级计划与排产....doc
APS(Advanced Planning and Scheduling)高级计
The planning process 规划流程.pdf
The planning process 规划流程_城乡/园林规划_工程科技_专业资料。The planning process An organisation may produce separate documents for strategic, operational ...
更多相关标签: