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人教版高中英语必修Book3 Unit 3


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Unit 3
Ⅰ .单项填空

The Million Pound Bank Note

1.________ is known to everybody,the moon travels around the earth once every month. A.It 2.—Is Mr.Smith rich? —Yes,very rich.When he worked in ________ town,he earned a lot.Now he has a big farm in ________ country. A.a;the B./;/ C./;the D.the;/ B.As C.That D.What

3.While watching Titanic,most people couldn’t help crying when it came to the scene________ Jack saves the girl’s life but dies in icy water himself. A.which C.why 4.—Come in,please.Make yourself at home. —________ —I’m glad you like it. A.Thanks.You have a nice place here. B.Oh,this picture is so beautiful. C.Thanks.What nice food you’ve prepared! D.OK.Let me look around your new house. 5.It is said that the prisoners were________ to take two hours’ exercise a day. A.supposed C.forbidden B.permitted D.persuaded B.as D.where

6.Wang Wei gave us a vivid ________ of her trip down the river. A.explanation C.imagination B.idea D.account

7.He is a heavy smoker,which makes all of us________. A.comfortable C.pleasant B.ill D.sick

8.April Fool’s Day is coming.Be careful not to be________ when others play tricks on you. A.brought in C.taken in B.caught in D.made in
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9.Would you please________this form for me to see if I’ve filled it in right? A.take off C.give up 10.—I believe you like the job. —________,I am tired of it. A.On the contrary C.On the other hand B.On contrary D.On other hand B.look after D.go over

11.________any untrained actor,getting in front of the camera can be difficult. A.As far as C.As long as B.As well as D.As with

12.I suddenly found myself________ down the street when I found two policemen in front of me. A.run C.runs B.running D.ran

13.________ you prefer,I’ll give it to you,but we haven’t any other models for you to choose from. A.Whatever C.However B.Whenever D.Whichever

14.Why the explosion occurred was ________ the laboratory attendant had been careless. A.for C.since B.because D.that

15.Excuse me,would you please tell me ________? A.when the sports meeting is taken place B.when is the sports meeting going to be held C.when is the sports meeting to begin D.when the sports meeting is to take place Ⅱ .阅读理解 A huge cloud of dust rose and an overpass disappeared.This was the scene in Zhuzhou,Hunan Province on May 17.Nine people were killed and 16 injured. Things were similar last year in the Sichuan earthquake.Thousands of people were buried in the ruins and lost their lives.What if we could have warned them? People are always racking_their_brains to find a way of preventing buildings’ collapse.Better materials and technology help,but they are not a solution.
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Just like humans,a building has its own life cycle from “birth” to “death”.If we know when a building is going to collapse,we can repair it in advance or get out of it before it falls. Now,scientists at the University of Illinois have developed a material that turns red before it breaks.The invention could be used in things like climbing ropes or bridge supports. The research was led by Nancy Sottos,a professor at the university’s Beckman Institute, and Douglas Davis,a graduate research assistant. The secret behind the colorchanging material is a type of molecule (分子).A molecule is a group of atoms held together by chemical bonds.Imagine you and your friends standing in a circle,holding hands.Each person stands for one atom,your hands represent the bonds,and the entire circle represents a molecule.If one person lets go of his or her hands,the molecule changes color. The research team put the molecule into a soft material.When the researchers stretched the material,it turned bright red for a few seconds before it broke into two pieces.When they repeatedly stretched and relaxed the material,without breaking it,it only turned a little red. The major problem is that light can get rid of the red color.When the team shone bright light on the molecule,the broken bond was fixed,and the color disappeared. If the bright light keeps the red color from appearing, material’s warning system will be the useless.Scientists still have a lot of work to do before the colorchanging molecules can be used outside the lab. 16.What does the passage mainly introduce? A.The collapse of an overpass in Zhuzhou,Hunan Province. B.The Sichuan earthquake last year. C.A material that turns red before it breaks. D.A way of preventing building from collapsing. 17.The underlined words “racking their brains” in the third paragraph mean ________. A.suffering a lot B.collecting beyond imagination C.losing a lot D.thinking very hard 18.Which of the following is a WRONG statement? A.Thousands of people died from the collapse of buildings in the Sichuan earthquake because they hadn’t been warned. B.There is no building that will never collapse. C.A new material has been applied to buildings to warn people of collapse. D.A colorchanging material can turn red before it breaks.
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19.What is the major problem in the research of the colorchanging material? A.Bright light can get rid of the red color. B.When the material is relaxed,the color disappears. C.The material’s warning system is useless. D.The molecules only change color in the lab. 20.What can we infer from the passage? A.The colorchanging molecules are certain to be used outside the lab. B.There will be no collapse with the help of the colorchanging material. C.There is a long way to go before the material can be applied. D.The problem caused by bright light will be solved by scientists. Ⅲ .阅读表达 [1]One thing Britain is famous for is pubs,and no trip to the UK would be complete without a visit to one of the thousands of pubs across the country. [2]Pubs play an important part in the social structure of the country.They are places where all ages and social classes mix to talk,do business,or just spend a couple of quiet hours before heading home in the evening. [3]There are many different types of beer available in pubs.Traditional British beer is called bitter, ale, is usually served at room temperature.As a result, British are famous for their or and the “warm beer”! If you prefer a cold beer, for lager.This beer is light yellow in color whereas ask bitter is usually darker brown.All beers are served as pints(500ml) or halves (250ml).To order, you need to ask for a pint or a half,and then name the beer.So,you could say “________”. [4]Wine, or white, normally available in all pubs, are spirits such as whisky, or red is as gin vodka. [5]It is not,however,necessary to drink alcohol.Nonalcoholic drinks are called soft drinks.You can have juice,lemonade or cola,among others. [6]If you visit a pub in a group,it is important to pay for your “round”.This means that you buy a drink for everyone in your group.Not buying your round is a big social mistake! Remember that you need to order and pay for your drinks at the bar. [7]So,follow these tips if you want to get the most out of visiting a pub,and,“cheers!” 21.What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) 22.Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? If you don’t buy a drink for everyone in your group,you are socially wrong. 23.Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence.(Please answer within 10 words.)

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24.If you are in a pub,what would you like to drink? Why? (Please answer within 20 words.) 25.Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese. 1.B 2.C 15.D 16.C 17.D 18.C 19.A 20.C 21. Pubs_in_the_UK/Britain 22. Not_buying_your_round_is_a_big_social_mistake! 23. A_pint_of_bitter,please/A_half_of_lager,please 24. I_prefer_soft_drinks_because_soft_drinks_will_do_good_to_my_health.(可以自由发挥, 只要合情合理就行) 25.酒吧是各个年龄,不同阶层的人聚在一起,谈天说地,洽淡贸易的地方,或者干脆 在晚上回家前来此安静地呆上几个小时。 3.D 4.A 5.B 6.D 7.D 8.C 9.D 10.A 11.D 12.B 13.A 14.D

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