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O.Henry的介绍_图文

O.Henry__One of the greatest shortnovel-tellers in the world

Content
I. Life introduction II.O.Henry's works III.O.Henry's writing style IV.His influence

About his name
? Pen name :O.Henry (1862-1910) ? Another pen name :Olivier Henry ? His primitive name :Williams Sydney Porter

入狱风波
? 1891年,欧· 亨利在First National Bank of Austin 做 一名职员,正当他的生活颇为安定之时, 却发生了一件 改变他命运的事情。 ? 1896年,奥斯汀银行指控他在任职期间盗用资金。他为 了躲避受审,逃往洪都拉斯。 ? 1897年,后因回家探视病危的妻子被捕入狱,判处5年徒 刑。在狱中曾担任 药剂师,他在银行工作时,曾有过写 作的经历,担任监狱医务室的药剂师后开始认真写作。他 开始以欧· 亨利为笔名写作短篇小说,于《麦克吕尔》 杂志发表。

About his life
? William Sydney Porter was born in Greensboro (格林斯 博罗[美国北卡罗来纳州中北部城市]),North Carolina . His father was a physician . ? When William was three , his monther died ,and he was raised by paternal(父亲般癿) grandmother and maiden (未婚癿)aunt . ? William was an avid reader ,but at the age of fifteen he left school ,and then worked in a drug store and on a Texas ranch . ? He continued to Houston ,where he had a number of jobs ,including accountant ,land board clerk ,reporter and so on.

About his life

? In 1887 he married Athol and his wife encouraged him to pursue his writing. ? Athol gave birth to a son in 1888, who died hours after birth. ? 1889.his daughter, Margaret Worth Porter was born.

About his life
? O. Henry's last years were shadowed by alcoholism, ill health, and financial problems. ? O. Henry died of cirrhosis of the liver(肝硬化), complications of diabetes (糖尿病)and an enlarged heart on June 5, 1910, in New York. ? During his lifetime, O. Henry published 10 collections and over 600 short stories.

Main works
Cabbages and Kings
The Four Million The Gift of Magi

白菜与国王
四百万 麦琪癿礼物

The Last Leaf

最后一片叶子

Mammon and the Archer 财神和爱神 The Ransom of Red Chief 红色酋长癿救赎 The Furnished Room After Twenty Years 带家具出租癿房间 二十年以后 The Cop and the Anthem 警察和赞美诗

Main works
? The Green Door -- 绿色门 The Handbook of Hymen -- 婚姻手册 ? Hearts and Hands -- 心与手 The Hypotheses of Failure -- 失算 ? Two Thanksgiving Day Gentlemen -- 两位感恩节癿绅士 A Service of Love -- 爱癿牺牲 Shearing The Wolf -- 虎口拔牙 The Unknown Quantity -- 未知数 While The Auto Waits -- 汽车等待癿时候 The Whirligig of Life -- 生活癿波折 Withes‘ Loaves -- 女巫癿面包 ? “Next To Reading Matter” -- “醉翁之意”

The Last Leaf
The Young, poor painter Johnsy contracted pneumonia, Sue make every effort to take care of her, but she still did not improve. Johnsy would give up completely when the last leaf fell to the ground. In order to save her ,Another old artist Behrman climbed the wall to paint the ivy leave in rainy night, which he contracted pneumonia and died two days later. Johnsy survived , the last one was painted by Behrman, became his final masterpiece.

Characteristics of language
? 1 The Writing Style
?In

writing style, O. Henry uses the civilian language, therefore readers can easily understand what he wants to express. ?Another characteristic of his language is implicative. His sense of humor expresses indirectly. Readers can still recall after reading.

Characteristics of language
? 2 The rhetoric(修辞法)
? ?O. Henry uses a large number of rhetoric in his novels, such as simile(明 喻), metaphor(暗喻) and irony(讽刺). It makes readers experience his sense of humor vividly.

Characteristics of language
? Metaphor(暗喻)
? In O. Henry’s writings, metaphor is a feature which is worth mentioning. The image in metaphor represents specific meaning. But the symbolic image remains uncertain in its possible meanings; it is usually a substantial image in its own right, around which further significances may gather according to differing interpretations.

Characteristics of language
? Simile(明喻)
? O. Henry pays more attention to the simile. O. Henry uses simile not only in the frequency of usage but also in other aspects. Of all kinds of figures, colorful and varied in scenery, common things and phenomenon in daily life which always having simile only can enter the story world of O. Henry.

Characteristics of language
? Irony(讽刺)
? O’ Henry uses Soapy as the typical figure in the novel The Cop and the Anthem and takes American New York as an example reflects truly the poor people’s hard life at that time and uses ironic(讽刺癿) manner to criticize the unfair of society and shows the strong contrast between material civilization and spiritual civilization and political civilization. ? “Soapy had confidence in himself from the lowest button of his vest upward.”

Characteristics of language
? 3 The plot
? ? In plot, O. Henry’ s novels develop fast and in the end suddenly appear an unexpected ending. The so-called “O. Henry-type ending” usually refers that at the end of the novel suddenly the character’s mind changes in an unexpected situation, or the fate of the main character reverses sharply, the result is unexpected, but reasonable, in line with the reality of life, resulting in a unique artistic charm.

Influence
? “The father of the modern American short story” 现代美国短篇故事之父 ? American life humor encyclopedia 美国生活癿幽默百科全书 ? Short prose writer laureate as Manhattan 曼哈顿桂冠散文作家

Influence
In 1918 the O. Henry Memorial Awards欧· 亨利纪 念奖 were established to be given annually to the best magazine stories, the winners and leading contenders to be published in an annual volume. The O. Henry Awards欧· 亨利奖 are yearly prizes given to outstanding short stories. The O. Henry Pun-Off World Championships世 界双关语锦标赛 are held in May of each year in Austin, Texas, hosted by the city's O. Henry Museum欧亨利博物馆 .

the Famous Aphorisms by O. Henry
? When one loves one?s art no service seems too hard. ? 一旦热爱艺术,什么奉献也不难。 ? “It was beautiful and simple as all truly great swindles are.” (from The Octopus Marooned?) ? “这简单漂亮的就和那些真实伟大的诈骗一般。” ? A story with a moral appended is like the bill of a mosquito. It bores you, and then injects a stinging drop ot irritate your conscience. ? 一篇含有教训的小说,像是蚊子的嘴。它先使你讨厌,然后注入一 滴 螫入的液体,来烦扰你的良知。

the Famous Aphorisms by O. Henry
?

? ?
? ? ?

?
? ? ?

If man knew how women pass the time when they are alone, they?d never marry. 如果男人晓得女人在独自的时候怎样消磨时间,他们永远不会结婚。 What a woman wants is what you?re out of. She wants more of a thing when it?s scarce. 女人所想要的东西,就是你所没有的东西。当一种东西变为稀少的时 候, 她便要想多要一些。 Love and business and family and religion and art and patriotism are nothing but shadows of words when a man?s starving! 当一个人吃不饱饭的时候,爱情、事业、家庭、宗教、艺术和爱国都 只是空 洞的言词而已。 Life is fine and enjoyable, yet you must learn to enjoy your fine life. 人生是美好的,但你必须会享用美好的生活。 Perhaps there is no happiness in life so perfect as the martyr. 也许人生中的任何幸福都不如殉道者的幸福的那样完美。

The End .
Thank You.


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