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新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册讲义Unit5


第一讲 Unit 5 Lifestyle (Listen and Talk) (讲义)
一、教学目的 1. Enable students to talk about a healthy lifestyle and an unhealthy lifestyle. 2. Enable students to understand the definition of shopaholic, and how to cure shopaholic. 3. Enable students to make a comparison between a luxurious life and a simple life. 4. Enable students to know the true meaning of a simple life, the importance of living a simple life and how to live a simple life. 二、教学时数 2 学时 三、教学方法: Discussion 四、教学重点:To understand the definitions of different lifestyles. 五、教学难点: Learn how to make a comparison. 六、教学内容(详细具体)

StepI
▇ 1. 2. 3.

Discussion

Work in pairs or groups and discuss the following questions. What kind of lifestyle do you live now? Do you believe in the saying “a penny saved is a penny earned”? What are some of the things that come to your mind when we talk about healthy lifestyles? Make a list of healthy lifestyles and share your answers with your group members. Healthy Lifestyles

a. balancing study and play b. doing physical exercise every day c. d. … ▇ Answers for reference: 1. A sample answer: As a university student, I live a simple and plain life. I get up early in the morning and then attend classes. In the late afternoon I play basketball or football. If I do not have classes during the day, I usually go to the library to do some reading or go to the computer center to search for some information related to my studies. In the evening I review or preview my lessons either in the classroom or in the dormitory. During weekends I sometimes go shopping or go to a movie with my classmates. 2. A possible answer: Yes. This saying tells us that saving money is as good as earning it. Saving is not only a good habit but also an important step on the way to financial well-being, both in the short term and in the long run. In the short term, it gives us an emergency cushion in the event that an unforeseen, large and urgent expense arises. In the long term, a consistent pattern of saving

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can enable us to accomplish our financial goals, such as financing a college education, a home purchase, or a retirement. So we should be thrifty and don’t spend money on things we don’t really need. A sample answer: Healthy Lifestyles

a. balancing study and play b. doing physical exercise every day c. drinking at least 2 litres of water every day d. sleeping at least 7 hours a day e. having at least an apple a day f. seeking professional help if you feel depressed or anxious

Step II Quotes ▇ Study the following quotes about lifestyles and discuss in pairs what you can learn from them.

Jack Kerouac ⊙ Great things are not accomplished by those who yield to trends and fads and popular opinion. — Jack Kerouac Interpretation: Trends and fads come and go quickly, and popular opinions of the day may not represent ever-lasting truth. Those who wish to accomplish something extraordinary must not be slavish to trends and fads or popular beliefs. Instead, they should break away from the “following the herd” mentality and be extraordinarily innovative. About Jack Kerouac (1922-1969): a US writer who was a leading figure of the1950s Beat Generation. His most famous novel is On the Road 《 ( 在路上》 ), which describes the adventures of two friends as they travel across the United States.

Margaret Mead ⊙ We are living beyond our means. As a people we have developed a lifestyle that is draining the
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earth of its priceless and irreplaceable resources without regard for the future of our children and people all around the world. — Margaret Mead Interpretation: In this quote, Margaret Mead rightly points out that the American way of life has given rise to a wasteful society and that it is doing a lot of harm to the earth and hence to mankind as a whole. If we do not make changes in our lifestyles today, our children are doomed to suffer from lack of irreplaceable resources in the future. About Margaret Mead (1901-1978): a US anthropologist, who studied the ways in which parents on the islands of Samoa, Bali, and New Guineas taught their children. She also tried to discover whether males and females are born with the differences in behaviour that they show, or whether they lean to behave differently as they grow up in a particular society.

Charlie Chaplin ⊙ The saddest thing I can imagine is to get used to luxury. — Charlie Chaplin Interpretation: In this quote, Chaplin points out the danger of seeking luxuries. Luxuries are not necessities. Many people work hard to seek luxuries in life — they purchase luxury goods and services and always long for possessions that they do not necessarily need. In doing so, they have gradually become slaves to those luxuries. They may feel “abundance” for a while but they can never enjoy ever-lasting happiness, and their souls can never be uplifted. Moreover, those who are used to luxuries may live beyond their means and get into debt, and debt robs a man of his self-respect. Indeed, it is sad to see a person indulge in luxuries and possessions. About Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977): a British actor and director who worked mainly in the US in humorous silent films during the 1920s. He usually appeared as a humorous character who had a small moustache, a bowler hat, and a walking stick, and who walked in a funny way with the backs of his feet together and his toes pointing out to the sides.

Samuel Johnson
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⊙ Without frugality none can be rich, and with it very few would be poor. — Samuel Johnson Interpretation: Here Samuel Johnson advises us to be thrifty or economical with the use of our resources. Frugality is a virtue while extravagance is a sin. One can never become rich if one lives a spendthrift lifestyle, but anyone can feel that he is rich enough if he or she carefully manages his or her money and other resources. About Samuel Johnson (1709-1784): a British critic and dictionary writer. He is famous for his Dictionary of the English Language (1755), the first comprehensive dictionary of the English language ever published. He was considered an excellent conversationalist (善于辞令的人). His intelligent, amusing, and interesting words are still widely quoted today. Step III Watching and Discussion Confessions of a Shopaholic is a 2009 American romantic comedy film based on the Shopaholic series of novels by Sophie Kinsella. Watch the following video clip “Confessions of a Shopaholic” and do the tasks that follow: 插入视频片段:“Confessions of a Shopaholic.wmv” 1. What makes shopping a beautiful experience, according to Rebecca? ? the sheen of silk draped across a mannequin;. ? the smell of new Italian leather shoes; ? the rush you feel when you swipe your card. And it’s approved. And it all belongs to you; ? the joy you feel when you’ve bought something, and it’s just you and the shopping… 2. What do you think of shopaholics? (Open.) Script:

Confessions of a Shopaholic
Keep comin’ back, OK? Give him some support. Keep comin’ back. Which store? Rebecca, why don’t you share your story. Um ... Hello, everybody. Uh, I’m Rebecca Bloomwood. Hi, Rebecca. I just actually came here as a favor to a friend. Uh, I mean, I like shopping. Is there anything so wrong with that? I mean, stores are put there to enjoy. Uh, the experience is enjoyable. Well, more than enjoyable. It’s ... It’s beautiful. The sheen of silk draped across a mannequin. Oh, the smell of new Italian leather shoes. Italian leather shoes, that’s the best. Oh ... The rush you feel when you swipe your card. And it’s approved. And it all belongs to you! OK, Rebecca. Thank you for sharing. The joy you feel when you’ve bought something, and it’s just you and the shopping. You and shopping.
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Ryuichi! All you have to do is hand over a little card. Yes! Pull it together! Isn’t that the best feeling in the world? Yeah. Don’t you wanna shout it from the mountaintops? That’s real talk. And you feel so ... confident and alive ... And happy? And happy! And warm. And warm! What’s going on here? I need to buy a new bag. I have to impress Alette Naylor. You should get a watch to go with that bag. Oh, there’s a sale at Catherine Malandrino. You’re like my soul sister. Don’t let her ... I have to go. Good luck, everybody. Do they have shoes? You sit down. My will is strong. My wallet is closed. I do not want to shop.

Step IV Listen and Respond Section A Word Bank frugal a. not wasteful; careful in the use of money, food, etc. 不浪费的; (对金钱、食 物等)节俭(节约)的 lifestyle n. a way of living 生活方式 deny vt. refuse to let oneself have sth. that one would like to have, esp. for moral or religious reasons 自制,克制,放弃(尤指出于道德或宗教原因) keep up with the Joneses derog. compete with one’s neighbours socially, esp. by buying the same expensive new things that they buy 〖贬〗与邻居比阔气(尤指比买贵重物 品) trend n. a fashion or style; a general tendency or direction in the way a situation is changing or developing 时尚,时髦;倾向,趋势 fad n. an interest or activity that is followed very keenly but usually only for a short time 流行一时的嗜好、风尚或狂热 live within one’s means not spend more money than one has 量入为出

Section B

Task One: Focusing on the Main Ideas

▇ Choose the best answer to each of the following questions according to the information contained in the listening passage.
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1. What is the main idea of the passage? A) Living a fashionable life. B) Living an extravagant life. C) Living a frugal life. D) Living a free life. 2. What will people have if they take control of their lives? A) They will have a stressful life style. B) They will have more money in their daily life. C) They will enjoy a lot of luxuries. D) They will have more peace of mind. 3. What kind of life will people live if they choose to live a frugal life? A) They will live a fulfilling life without possessing much. B) They will live a simple and peaceful life. C) They will have little money and live in debt. D) They will have nothing and live poor and cheap. 4. Which of the following is not an example of being frugal according to the speaker? A) Turning off the tap water immediately after use. B) Keeping all windows closed when the air conditioning is on. C) Taking one’s own plastic bags when going shopping. D) Switching off the lights before leaving the room. 5. What does the speaker strongly advise us to do? A) To keep up with trends and fads. B) Do not follow trends and fads. C) To deny ourselves “frugal freedom”. D) To have a great way of life. ▇ Key: 1C 2D

3A 4 C 5 B

Section C Task Two: Zooming In on the Details Listen to the passage again and fill in the missing words according to what you have heard. Living a frugal life does not mean having nothing or living poor and cheap. Neither does it mean denying oneself the 1 ________ of life. A frugal lifestyle simply means that you have the 2________ to live a happy and fulfilling life without possessing a lot. Much of the 3 ________ from being extravagant to being 4________ is within the mind. For example, before you leave your room, remember to turn off the light; keep all windows and outside doors closed when the air 5 ________ is on; turn off the 6________ water immediately after use; when you go shopping, use your 7 ________ to save money on certain things for something else you need or want. In short, living a frugal 8 ________ means that you don’t have to “keep up with the Joneses.” We should always remember that it is easier to spend less than it is to make more. It is easier to be frugal than to free oneself from 9 ________ stress. So, let us be frugal and live within our 10 ________. It is a great way of life.

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▇ Answers for reference: Living a frugal life does not mean having nothing or living poor and cheap. Neither does it mean denying oneself the luxuries of life. A frugal lifestyle simply means that you have the intelligence to live a happy and fulfilling life without possessing a lot. Much of the transition from being extravagant to being frugal is within the mind. For example, before you leave your room, remember to turn off the light; keep all windows and outside doors closed when the air conditioning is on; turn off the tap water immediately after use; when you go shopping, use your brain to save money on certain things for something else you need or want. In short, living a frugal lifestyle means that you don’t have to “keep up with the Joneses.” We should always remember that it is easier to spend less than it is to make more. It is easier to be frugal than to free oneself from financial stress. So, let us be frugal and live within our means. It is a great way of life. Script: Living a Frugal Life People who live a frugal lifestyle often live with less stress. This is because they know how to take control of their money and, therefore, they have more control over their lives in general. And if you have more control of your life, you are likely to have more peace of mind. With that peace of mind comes what may be called “frugal freedom”, namely, freedom from debt, freedom from envy, freedom from shame, freedom from worry, and freedom from loss of one’s identity. Living a frugal life does not mean having nothing or living poor and cheap. Neither does it mean denying oneself the luxuries of life. A frugal lifestyle simply means that you have the intelligence to live a happy and fulfilling life without possessing a lot. Much of the transition from being extravagant to being frugal is within the mind. For example, before you leave your room, remember to turn off the light; keep all windows and outside doors closed when the air conditioning is on; turn off the tap water immediately after use; when you go shopping, use your brain to save money on certain things for something else you need or want. In short, living a frugal lifestyle means that you don’t have to “keep up with the Joneses” and that you do not have to follow trends and fads. We should always remember that it is easier to spend less than it is to make more. It is easier to be frugal than to free oneself from financial stress. So, let us be frugal and live within our means. It is a great way of life. StepV Homework: Preview Text B and recite the new words in Text B.

Presentation: How to live a healthy life?

七、教学反思

Enable students think about the Problems of Today’s Consumer Economy. Encourage students to live a simple life.

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第二讲 Unit 5 (Read: TextB) (讲义)
一、教学目的 1. Enable students to learn some new words in this unit. 2. Enable students to understand the difficult sentences. 3. Enable students to know the true meaning of a simple life, the importance of living a simple life and how to live a simple life. 二、教学时数 2 学时 三、教学方法: Discussion 四、教学重点: Learn the new words and expressions. plain ad. roll vt. standing a. fraction n. numerous a. downsize vt.

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五、教学难点: The difficult sentences of Text B. 六、教学内容(详细具体) Step I. Revision: dictate the new words of Text B. Step II. Learn some new words plain ad. infml completely 〖非正式〗完全地 e.g. When Stella realized that she was just plain lost in the jungle, she got scared. The food was just plain terrible. standing a. continuing in use or in force; permanent 长期存在的;长期有效的;长期不变的 e.g. Every point won by our basketball team received a wild, standing ovation (喝彩). Israel has a relatively small standing army and its strength is based on its reserves. numerous a. rather fml many 〖较正式〗许多的,很多的 e.g. Numerous books and movies have dealt with the issue of drug abuse. Despite numerous attempts to diet, her weight soared. downsize vt. make (sth.) smaller 将(某物)改小 e.g. For the sake of convenience, you’d better downsize your luggage. American manufacturing organizations have been downsizing their factories. roll vt. form into a tube or other shape by curling round and round 卷;把……卷成筒状 e.g. There’s a lot of work to do, so roll up your sleeves and get busy. In mid-afternoon, shopkeepers began to roll down their shutters. fraction n. [(of)] a very small piece or amount [常与 of 连用]小部分;少量;一点儿 e.g. The average income is high, though many people earn just a fraction of that average. She hesitated for a fraction of a second before responding.

Expressions: look back cut out

eat out write out

look back think of the past 回顾 e.g. Reviewing history involves looking back over what happened in a non-judgmental way. Looking back, I am staggered how easily it was all arranged. eat out have a meal in a restaurant 去餐馆吃饭 e.g. He proposed to eat out in a luxury restaurant to celebrate the special day. We had to eat out all the time. It ended up costing a fortune. cut out infml leave out; stop (esp. a harmful activity) 〖非正式〗戒除,改掉(坏习惯等) ,停 止 e.g. Since my heart attack, I’ve cut out fatty foods altogether.
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The doctor said I must cut overwork out. write out fill out or complete (a sheet, check, or similar) in this way 填写(表格、支票等) e.g. Please will you write out the form with your name and address in full. We had to write out a list of ten jobs we’d like to do. Step III. Skim the text and find out the main ideas of each paragraph. Step IV. Scan the text and detect the detail information of the text. ▇ Comprehension questions (Paras. 1-2) Q: Why did the author want to change her lifestyle? A: When she was in her early fifties, she got tired of working just for the luxuries of life. She wanted less stress and longed for a simpler lifestyle. Q: What was the first step she took to achieve her goal — a simpler life? A: She quit her job and took a positive attitude towards the subsequent changes in her life. ▇ Comprehension questions (Paras. 3-5) Q: How did the author prepare herself for the change in her lifestyle? A: She listed on the paper all the changes that should be made, including planning carefully her husband’s income and trying to get additional sources of income. Q: What changes did she make toward her goal of a simpler life? A: She canceled the regular weekly appointment at the beauty salon; she cut down on eating out; she sold her big house and moved into a smaller one; she downsized their possessions through garage and consignment sales. Q: Why did the couple move to a smaller house? A: Their previous house was too big and costly for the two of them, who were both yearning for a simpler lifestyle. ▇ Comprehension questions (Para. 6) Q: What was the first problem the couple had to face after moving to the new home? A: It took them some time to get used to the smaller home. The husband was not bothered much by its small size, but the wife had difficulty arranging her possessions, which still proved to be too many for her new home. Q: What was the rule she set up for herself when tidying up her new home? A: The rule was that she had to be able to see all three walls of any cupboard or closet to avoid clutter or unnecessary stuff. ▇ Comprehension questions (Paras. 7-14) Q: Was the author good at managing the family purse in the past? A: No, she did not have a significant savings program in the past, and she might have wasted a lot of the family financial resources on unnecessary stuff. Q: How did she tackle the financial problems of not having enough savings? A: She cut out all the unnecessary spending in her daily life, and she also became very careful in managing money. Below are some examples: ● She stripped down her wardrobe to basic clothes (Para. 8). ● She cancelled magazine subscriptions or daily newspaper (Para. 9).
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● She started saving daily change and banking it in the savings account (Para. 10). ● She gave up the extra car (Para. 11). ● She carried only one credit card (Para. 12) and paid cash for daily expenses (Para. 12). ● She planned holiday carefully and spent less money on gifts (Para. 14). Q: Why did she become so frugal with money? A: She wanted to live a simple lifestyle and she didn’t want to be compelled to take up a job again. Besides, she had come to know that if she “minded the pennies, the dollars would take care of themselves.” Q: How did they manage to spend only a fraction of their original cost on nice gifts and holidays? A: They didn’t mean to cut out gifts and holidays. Instead, they made their holiday and purchase plans carefully, and they often looked for the special offers in shops. In this way, they could still enjoy holidays and prepare nice gifts on less money. ▇ Comprehension questions (Para. 15) Q: What is the couple’s life like today? A: They are now living a very simple and frugal life, free from stress and anxieties. They enjoy their new life very much, and feel happier and more secure than ever before. Q: What is the “secret” of their simple yet happy life? A: The “secret”, if there is one, is that they base their life on their “needs”, not on their “wants”, and they know clearly what they need from life. Step V. Paraphrase some difficult sentences. Difficult Sentences 1. The most reasonable and surest way to achieve my goal was to just quit the corporate world for good, and then deal with the aftermath in a very positive way. (Para. 2) Q: What is the implied meaning of the italicized part of the sentence? A: If I wanted to live a simpler life, it would be best for me first to quit my job, and then to think positively of what was going to happen to my life. Q: Please translate this sentence into Chinese. A: 为了达成目标,最理智而且最有把握的方式就是永久地离开公司圈子,然后能够坦然地 处理其后果。 2. My husband could care less what type of house we lived in, but I had initial difficulty because nothing “fit” properly according to my former lifestyle.(Para. 6) Q: What is the implied meaning of the italicized part of the sentence? A: My husband did not have any difficulty in adjusting to our new home, but I encountered some problems at the beginning because none of my possessions was suitable for the new home which was much smaller than the previous one. Q: Please translate this sentence into Chinese. A: 我丈夫可以不管我们住什么样的房子,但我在开始时却遇到了一些困难,因为根据我们 先前的生活方式,没有一件东西排放到位。 3. I found that if I minded the pennies, the dollars would take care of themselves. (Para. 7) Q: What is the implied meaning of the italicized part of the sentence? A: I realized that if I was careful in dealing with small sums of money, I could save a lot. Q: Please translate this sentence into Chinese. A: 我发现,只有注意存小钱,才会积累出大钱。
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4. Credit cards breed carelessness in me when it comes to handling money and yet cold, hard cash in my hand is likely to stay in my hand! (Para. 13) Q: What is the implied meaning of the italicized part of the sentence? A: Using a credit card makes my spending less careful. With a credit card, I tend to purchase things on impulse, but with hard cash in my hand, I am careful with my spending and can save money. Q: Please translate this sentence into Chinese. A: 花钱时,用信用卡会让我不假思索,而手里如果拿着冷冰冰、硬邦邦的现金很可能就不 舍得花出去了! 5. Today, our lifestyle is very simple, very frugal but not stingy towards us or the things we want to do. (Para. 15) Q: What is the implied meaning of the italicized part of the sentence? A: Though we live a simple and frugal life, we do not deny ourselves of what we like and enjoy. We still live a happy and fulfilling life. Q: Please translate this sentence into Chinese. A: 现在,我们的生活方式很简单,很节俭但是对于我们自己或者我们想做的事情来说也不 算是吝啬。 Step VI. Discussion: What is the true meaning of a simple life. StepVII. Homework: Write about a simple life.

七、教学反思

Enable students think about the current trend of lifestyle. Make a comparison of the lifestyle between Chinese and Western people.

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