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Ⅰ.用适当的语法形式或词汇填空。从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答案。(每小 题 1 分,共 30 分) 1. Mrs.Smith is ( ) the work so she has the right to deal with it. A. in charge of B. interested in C. satisfied with D. disappointed at 2. Four days later,a headline about a burglary ( A. caught B. met C. took D. hit 3. The initials NE ( ) North East. A. mean for B. turn SW for C. stand for D. long for 4. They are on the ( A. trace B. sign C. trail D. path 5. She started to work ( A. in B. against C. with D. for ) of the suspect. ) his eye.

) a will.

6. The trashman wasn’t that kind of person who felt ( A. contrary B. satisfied C. surprised D. ashamed 7. We drove to the dump and were back on the ( A. avenue B. track C. route D. barrier 8. ( ) to all advice he gave up his job. A. Essential B. Discontented C. Discouraged D. Contrary

) of his revolted deeds.

) by 1∶00.

9. Being a(n) ( ) girl,she is easily moved to tears by touching stories. A. sick B. weak C. naive D. emotional 10. His time ( A. is taken up C. is taken on ) entirely with his office work. B. is taken in D. is taken to ).

11. Half a year after the war,schools in the country returned to ( A. normal B. cultivation

C. instruction

D. education ).

12. When Beth is writing a letter,she looks deep in ( A. thinking B. thought C. mind D. recall 13. He ( A. held C. drew )a deep breath hearing his name called. B. kept D. spared

14. Music is different from languages.It can be ( A. spoken B. understood C. known D. taken

) by people from different countries.

15. Most of the staff is away today so you’ll have to use whoever is ( A. convenient B. available C. approachable D. applicable 16. When she is nervous,she does nothing but ( A. eating B. eat C. has eaten D. ate 17. The doctor said that the patient had ( A. to operate B. to be operated C. to operate on D. to be operated on ).


) at once.

18. To answer correctly is more important than ( A. answered quickly B. a quick answer C. quickly answered D. to answer quickly


19. Suddenly it ( ) to me that I’ll have to water the plants in the garden tomorrow. A. occurred ; B. occurs C. was occurred D. is occurred 20. I have done everything ( A. that B. which C. what D. whatever ) I can do for you.

21. Hardly ( ) when there was a power cut. A. has the film started B. had the film started C. the film started D. started the film 22. Kurt did so well in his speech today that he ( A. should have practiced B. must have practiced ) it many times in the past week.

C. would have practiced 23. I can’t understand ( A. him to postpone to make C. his to postpone making

D. could have practiced ) a decision until it is too late. B. his postponing to make D. his postponing making ) made him such a good engineer.

24. It was the training that he had as a young man ( A. that B. what C. has D. who 25. ( ),a car knockedher down. A. Walking home B. As she walked home C. While walking home D. Having walked home

26. ( ) his speech, the audience was invited to ask questions. A. Finishing B. As soon as he finished C. On finishing D. Having finished 27. He said he wrote the song by himself,( A. which B. that C. it D. what ) was not true.

28. Important ( ) his discovery was,it was regarded as a matter of no account in his time. A. to B. for C. as D. although 29. Don’t forget to post the letter for me,( A. do you B. will you C. are you D. can you 30. It was recommended that they ( A. has waited B. waited C. wait D. should have waited )?

) for the doctor.

Ⅱ.认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,根据短文的内容从四个选项中选择一 个最佳答案。(每小题 1 分,共 10 分) Passage 1 r> More attention was paid to the quality of production in France at the time of Ren Coty. Charles Deschanel was then the financial minister.He stressed that workmanship and quality were more important than quantity for industrial production. It would be necessary to produce quality goods for the international market to compete with those produced in other countries. The French economy needed a larger share of the international market to balance its import and export trade.

French industrial and agricultural production was still inadequate to meet the immediate needs of the people, let alone long-ranged developments. Essential imports had stretched the national credit to the breaking point. Rents were tightly controlled, but the extreme inflation affected general population most severely through the cost of food. Food costs took as much as 80 percent of the workers’ income. Wages, it is true, had risen. Extensive family allowances and benefits were paid by the state, and there was full-time and overtime employment. Taken together, these factors enabled the working class to exist but allowed them no sense of security. In this precarious(不安定的) and discouraging situation, workmen were willing to work overseas for higher wages. The government was reluctant to let workers leave the country. It was feared that this migration of workers would deplete the labor force. The lack of qualified workers might hinder the improvement in the quality of industrial products produced. Qualified workers employed abroad would only increase the quantity of quality goods produced in foreign countries. Also the quantity of quality goods produced in France would not be able to increase as part of its qualified labor force moved to other countries. 31. According to the passage, the French workers were ( A. better paid than workers in any other European country B. able to save more money with the increase in his wages C. anxious to work abroad D. often unable to find work in France ).

32. The French government was reluctant to let the workers leave the country, because ( A. it would enlarge the working force B. it would hinder the improvement of quality ;in industrial production C. it would hinder the increase in quantity of exports D. it would damage the imports 33. Rents in France ( ). A. were extremely high B. were tightly controlled C. took as much as 80 percent of the workers’ income D. had doubled in two years 34. According to the passage, French production ( ). A. was inadequate to meet the needs of the French people B. was flooding the international market with inferior products C. emphasized industrial production at the expense of agricultural production D. was enough for the local market 35. According to the passage the French government ( A. prohibited the French workers to work abroad ).

) .

B. reduced taxes to fight inflation C. paid family allowances and benefits D. prohibited the French workers to join labor unions Passage 2 In old days, when a glimpse of stocking was looked upon as something far too shocking to distract the serious work of an office, secretaries were men. Then came the First World War and the male secretaries were replaced by women. A man’s secretary became his personal servant, charged with remembering his wife’s birthday and buying her presents; ta-king his suits to the dry-cleaners; telling lies on the telephone to keep people he did not wish to speak to at bay; and, of course, typing and filling and taking shorthand. Now all this may be changing again. The microchip and high technology is sweeping the British office, taking with it much of the routine clerical work that secretaries did. “Once office technology takes over generally, the status of the job will rise again because it will involve only the high-powered work-and then men will want to do it agian.” That was said by one of the executives(male) of one of the biggest secretarial agencies in this country. What he has predicted is already under way in the U.S. Once high technology has made the job of secretary less routine, will there be a male takeover? Men should beware of thinking that they can walk right into the better jobs. There are a lot of women secretaries who will do the job as well as they-not just because they can buy negligees(妇女长睡衣) for the boss’s wife, but because they are as efficient and well-trained to cope with word processors and computers, as men. 36. Before 1914 female secretaries were rare because they ( A. were less efficient than men B. were not as serious as men C. wore stockings D. would have disturbed the other office workers ).

37. A female secretary has been expected, besides other duties, to ( ). A. be her boss’s memory B. clean her boss’s clothes C. do everything her boss asked her to D. telephone her boss’s wife 38. Secretaries, until recently, had to do a lot of work now done by ( A. machines B. other staff C. servants D. wives 39. A secretary in the future will ( ). ).

A. be better paid C. have less work to do D. have more work to do

B. have higher status

40. The writer believes that before long ( ). A. men and women will be secretaries B. men are better than machines C. men will take over women’s jobs as secretaries D. women will operate most office machines Ⅲ.用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。(每两小题 1 分,共 10 分) 注意:使用新的或老的音标形式都可以。 41. doubt 45. stove 49. queue 53. quarrel 57. vision 42. message 43. butter 44. dash 46. mourn 47. surgery 48. mere 50. rigid 51. crooked 52. clench 54. mean 55. millionth 56. tumor 58. definance 59. bury 60. damn

Ⅳ.完形填空(每两小题 1 分,共 10 分) A. 从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。 kind sure until before one matter when stay explain necessary themselves account It doesn’t 61 when or how much a person sleeps, but everyone needs some rest to 62 alive. That’s what all doctors thought, 63 they heard about Al Herpin. Al Herpin, it was said, never slept. Could this be true? The doctors decided to see this strange man 64 . Al ;Herpin was 90 65 the doctors came to his home in New Jersey. They thought for 66 that he had sleep of some 67 .So they stayed with him, and watched him hour after hour and day after day. But they never saw Herpin sleeping. In fact, he did not even have a bed. He never needed 68 . The only rest that Herpin sometimes had was sitting in a comfortable chair and reading newspapers. The doctors asked him many questions, and found one thing that might 69 his continuous sleeplessness. His mother had been injured several days 70 he was born. Was this the real resson? No one could be sure. Herpin died at the age of 94. B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

I have 71 up my mind, too, to go in 72 hello in backyards. It doesn’t do any 73 ,and it still feels 74 .Frankly, I’m 75 .I’m doing an 76 task,“like a police officer 77 a fire fighter.”I left this country a little 78 than I found it this 79 . Not many 80 can say that night. Ⅴ.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(每小题 2 分,共 20 分) 81. In “The Day I Was Fat”,when the author said “My body looks good, but my mind feels great”,she meant that _____________. 82. According to “The Emotional Band Account”,the first type of “deposits” is to _____________. 83. In the story “Detective on the Trail”, Bob found that the ad said “on next Sunday” on the page of personal advertisements. But actually “_____________” would have been enough. 84. In the author’s opinion, a person should spend his third 8 hours dealing with _____________. 85. In the story “Thank You, Ma’am”,the woman didn’t ask the boy any question about his family because _____________. 86. To the author, a long-term happiness means a process of moving towards worthwhile goals and contri-buting towards _____________. 87. When he returned to his hometown, Andersen was welcomed by the whole town and people _____________. 88. The author tells us to forget about our misery because _____________. 89. Pappy invited Agent X to stay for dinner because he wanted to listen to _____________. 90. We should not be bound by the dictionary in choosing our words because new situation, new experiences, new inventions, new feelings are always making us _____________. Ⅵ.将下列句子译成英语。(每小题 2 分,共 20 分) 91. 我希望你们在踢球时,要记住规则。 92. 我要去买些啤酒来以备周末汤姆叔叔来。 93. 她说没有任何事能够使她相信丈夫对家庭的忠心。 94. 在家她宁愿说汉语,因为汉语是她的母语。 95. 如果我遇到一头熊,我爬到树上去会有用吗? 96. 嘲笑别人的缺点是不友善的。 97. 他眯缝着眼睛,用平淡的声调做了回答。 98. 大学毕业时,他主动提出去西藏教书。 99. 一旦做出承诺,你就要遵守诺言。 100. 苏州以美丽的园林而闻名于世。

I. Complete the sentences with the best choice. Write your correct letter on the Answer Sheet:(30%) 1.All flights _________ because of the storm; they decided to take the train. A. having canceled B. have been canceled C. were canceled D. having been canceled 2.In writing one should always try to make one’s meaning as clear as possible in _________. A. simple way as possible B. as simple way as possible C. as simple a way as possible D. possible simple way 3.He was so careless that he made quite a few mistakes which might _________. A. have avoided B. be avoided C. avoided D. have been avoided 4.I _________ you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money at that time. A. liked to give B. would like to give C. liked to have given D. would have liked to give 5.I didn’t mean _________ anything, but those apples looked so good that I couldn’t resist one. A. to eat...trying B. eat...to try C. to eat...being tried D. eating...to be tried 6.Tom and Ben have _________ again and do not speak to each other. A. fallen in B. fallen through C. fallen out D. fallen behind 7.Tony was in plain clothes, watching for a _________ character at London Airport all night. A. suspicious B. suspect C. susceptible D. doubt 8.Charles would quit his job to _________ more respectable employment. A. take up B. take to C. take into D. take over 9.The doctor assured her that the pain would _________ in a few days. A. wear off B. die off C. go off D. get off 10.Always show your friends that you appreciate what they do for you. You should never take them _________. A. for granted B. in your stride

C. out of habit

D. on trust

11.Tom’s mother, as well as his father, _________ in the city for another two weeks. A. suggests he stays B. suggests he stay C. suggest him to stay D. suggest he stay 12.Nowhere _________ the results more clearly than in Europe. A. have we seen B. we have seen C. did we seen D. we saw 13.He never hesitates to make _________ criticisms _________ are considered helpful to others. A. such...as B. such...which C. many...as D. many...which 14.She is expecting another baby and hopes _________ will be a boy. A. he B. she C. it D. that 15.The old lady needs _________ after her shock. A. to comfort B. be comforted C. comforting D. comforted Ⅱ. Cloze:(15%) Complete the passage by putting in the blanks with the correct choice. Write your correct letter on the Answer Sheet: By 1914 Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to be a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. It was an ideal position. 1 soon this peace and quiet were broken by the First World War. Einstein hated violence. The war and its misery affected him deeply. He lost interest in 2 of his research. Only when peace was finally restored in 1918 3 to get back to work.

It seems remarkable that the intellectuals were such a general appreciation of Einstein’s genius. At a time one science writer 4 this comment: “The odds are heavily 5 any man being able to do the work in the field of abstract theory that Einstein is doing. But he has overcome these odds two or three times in his lifetime already. If anyone has the right to hope he can solve what to most physicists would seem 6 , he has. He is truly imaginative and original. And he is stubborn enough to hold on to any idea if he thinks it is right, no matter how strange it 7 seem to the rest of us. If he 8 all these qualities, he could never 9 what he 10 or 11 the chance of succeeding in what he 12 .” In 1940 Einstein became an American citizen and 13 the rest of his life in the United States. In 1955, Einstein’s life ended at the age of 76. But all men now live in a 14 world because this simple man of genius gave all of his intelligence and heart to his fellowman. He lived not to

conquer or destroy


to understand.

1.A. when B. then C. but D. still 2.A. much B. many C. little D. few 3.A. he was able B. enabled him C. was he able D. he could 4.A. had done B. made C. did D. had made 5.A. opposed B. objected C. unfavourable D. against nbsp;unsolvable 7.A. can B. m

ay C. does D. should 8.A. doesn’t have B. didn’t have C. hadn’t had D. haven’t have 9.A. do B. have done C. have had D. have 10.A. has done B. have done C. did D. had done 11.A. had B. has C. have D. have had 12.A. is trying doing B. tries doing C. is trying to do D. has tried to do 13.A. did B. made C. lived D. took 14.A. changed B. changeable C. change D. changing 15.A. but B. nor C. and D. or Ⅲ. Choose the correct paraphrasing of the following sentences, and write your right letter on the Answer Sheet.(10%) 1.It usually takes a trip home to bring one back to reality. A. Usually, when you go back to your own country, all the symptoms of culture shock disappear. B. Usually a trip back to your own country will relieve you of homesickness. C. Usually when you are back in your own country again, you realize that there are problems there. D. Usually when you return to your own country, you realize how nice it is to be home again. 2.I’d have given the rest of my life for a single gulp of water. A. A gulp of water is so expensive that I’d have given the rest of my life to buy it. B. I was so thirsty that I’d given anything to have a single gulp of water. C. During the rest of my life, I would work for a single gulp of water. D. After drinking a gulp of water, I died directly. 3.I had deliberately got myself into this jam. A. I chose to be in the crowd—that made me warm. B. I like the fruit so much that I made jam of it and had it everyday. C. My speculation of the position proved wrong, and I had got myself in the trouble. D. I got myself in trouble on purpose. nbsp;obscure? B. How can you take all the money from the boy? C. How do you set to work at making the boy good for nothing? D. How do you start to make the boy get zero grades?

5.Christmas has been commercialized out of its real meaning. A. Christmas has been bought and sold so that it has lost its real meaning. B. People have too much commercial activity on Christmas, and they have bought all the real meaning. C. Christmas became an occasion during which people keep buying too much and they forget its real meaning. D. The merchants are trying to make money out from Christmas so it loses its real meaning. Ⅳ. Translate the following sentences into English, and then write your sentences on the Answer Sheet:(15%) 1.这项工作怎么做并不重要, 但要干好。as long as)2.他把所有的钱都赠送掉了。give away) ( ( 3.我们不应该把自然资源在我们这一代用光,而不为后人留下任何东西。 (use up) 4.这本书挺难,我一小时只读了 10 页。(cover) 5.他身体好极了,真有福气。 (be blessed with) Ⅴ. Read the following passages and complete the statements or answer the questions with the correct choice. Write your right letter on the Answer Sheet:(30%) Passage 1 Under normal conditions the act of communication requires the presence of at least two persons: one who sends and one who receives the communication. In order to communicate thoughts and feelings, there must be a conventional system of signs or symbols which mean the same to the sender and the receiver. The means of sending communications are too numerous and varied for systematic classification: therefore, the analysis must begin with the means of receiving communications. Reception of communication is achieved by our senses. Sight, hearing and touch play the most important roles. Smell and taste play very limited roles. Examples of visual communication are gesture and imitation. Although both frequently accompany speech, there are systems that rely solely on sight, such as those used by deaf and dumb persons. Another means of communicating visually is by signals of fire, smoke, flags or flashing lights. Feelings may be simply communicated by touch such as by handshaking, although a highly-developed system of handshaking as disabled blind, deaf, and dumb persons to communicate intelligently. Whistling to someone, clapping hands in a theater, and other forms of communication by sound rely upon the ear as a receiver. The most fully-developed form of auditory communication is, of course, the spoken language. The means of communication mentioned so far have two features in common: they last only a short time, and the persons involved must be relatively close to each other. Therefore, all are restricted in time and space.

1.The word “auditory” in the third paragraph means communication by_________. A. smelling B. seeing C. hearing D. touching 2.The author explains that he will deal with reception of communication first because_________ . A. communication actually takes place when the message is received B. there are more means of receiving than of sending communications C. reception of communications involves use of the senses D. it is difficult to organize by typing the means of sending communication 3.Clapping hands is specifically mentioned as an example of_________. A. communication by sound   B. gesture and imitation C. communication by touch D. a simple system of visual communication 4.The author specific ally mentions that speech is_________. A. often used when communicating B. necessary for satisfactory communication by gesture C. the only highly-developed system of communication D. the most developed form of communication based on hearing 5.Which of the following statements about the way of communicating ideas and feelings mentioned in the passage is false? A. They can be used to communicate over long distances. B. They require both a sender and receiver. C. They involve use of conventional signs and symbols. D. They utilize the senses for reception. Passage 2 Is it possible to persuade mankind to live without war? War is an ancient institution which has existed for at least six thousand years. It was always bad and usually foolish, but in the past the human race managed to live with it. Modern ingenuity has changed this. Either Man will abolish war, or war will abolish Man. For the present, it is nuclear weapons that cause the most serious danger, but bacteriological or chemical weapons may, before long, offer an even greater threat. If we succeed in abolishing nuclear weapons, our work will not be done. It will never be done until we have succeeded in abolishing war. To do this, we need to persuade mankind to look upon international questions in a new way, not as contests of force, in which the victory goes to the side which is most skillful in killing people, but by arbitration in accordance with agreed principles of law. It is not easy to change very old mental habits, but this is what must be attempted. There are those who say that the adoption of this or that ideology would prevent war. I believe this to be a big error. All ideologies are based upon dogmatic statements which are, at best, doubtful,

and at worst, totally false. Their adherents believe in them so fanatically that they are willing to go to war in support of them. The movement of world opinion during the past few years has been very largely such as we can welcome. It has become a commonplace that unclear war must be avoided. Of course very difficult problems remain in the world, but the spirit in which they are being approached is a better one than it was some years ago. It has begun to be thought, even by the powerful men who decide whether we shall live or die, that negotiations should reach agreements even if both sides do not find these agreements wholly satisfactory. It has begun to be understood that the important conflict nowadays is not between different countries, but between Man and the atom bomb. 6.This passage implies that war is now_________. A. worse than in the past B. as bad as in the past C. not so dangerous as in the past D. as necessary as in the past 7.In the sentence “To do this, we need to persuade mankind.”(Paragraph 1),“this” refers to_________? A. abolish war B. improve weapons C. solve international problems D. live a peaceful life 8.From Paragraph 2 we learn that the writer of the passage_________. A. is an adherent of some modern ideologies B. does not think that the adoption of any ideology could prevent war C. believe that the adoption of some ideologies could prevent war D. does not doubt the truth of any ideologies 9.According to the writer,_________. A. war is the only way to solve international disputes B. war will be less dangerous because of the improvement of weapons C. it is impossible for people to live without war D. war must be abolished if man wants to survive 10.The last paragraph suggests that_________. A. international agreements can be reached more easily now B. man begins to realize the danger of nuclear war C. nuclear war will definitely not take place D. world opinion welcomes nuclear war Passage 3 Telephoning for the local taxi to come and fetch me, I went to Oxford and bought a camera. Although it was the start of a busy Saturday afternoon, the boy who served me tackled the problem of a one-handed photographer with enthusiasm and as if he had all the time in the

world. Between us we sorted out a miniature German sixteen millimetre camera, three inches long by one and a half wide, which I could hold, set, snap, and wind with one hand with the greatest of ease. He gave me a thorough lesson in how to work it, added in inches to its length in the shape of a screwed-on photo-electric light meter, loaded it with film, and slid it into a black case so small that it made no bulge in my trouser pocket. He also offered to change the film later if I couldn’t manage it. We parted on the best of terms. When I got back everyone was sitting round a cosy fire in the drawing-room eating crumpets. Very tantalizing. I love crumpets. No one took much notice when I went in and sat down on the fringe of the circle except Mrs. Van Dysart, who began sharpening her claw. She got in a couple of quick digs about young men marrying girls for their money, and Charles didn’t say that I hadn’t. Viola looked at me searchingly, worryingly opening her mouth. I winked, and she shut it again in relief. 11.The writer A. lived in Oxford. B. was staying in Oxford. C. was staying near Oxford.

D. was brought home from Oxford in a taxi

12.The assistant in the shop A. had plenty of time. B. was particularly helpful. C. was used to selling cameras to one-armed photographers. D. considered one-armed photographers a problem. 13.The assistant A. showed the writer how to fix the light meter. B. taught the writer how to use the camera. C. put the camera into the writer’s pocket. D. demonstrated how to load the film. 14.When the writer got back to the house A. he ate some crumpets. B. he sat down on the floor with the others. C. Mrs. Van Dysart said something unpleasant. D. Charles joined in the discussion. 15.Viola A. was looking for something. C. didn’t know the writer was.

B. was searching for the writer. D. knew the writer well.

Passage 4 A geyser is the result to underground water under the combined conditions of high temperatures and increased pressure beneath the surface of the depth. Water that seeps down in cracks and fissures until it reaches very hot rocks in the earth’s interior and becomes heated to a temperature in excess of 290 degrees F. Because of the greater pressure, it shoots out of the surface in the form of steam and hot water. The result is a geyser. For the most part, geysers are located in three regions of the world: New Zealand, Iceland, and the Yellowstone National Park area of the United States. The most famous geyser in the world is Old Faithful in Yellowstone Park. Old Faithful erupts almost every hour, rising to a height of 125 to 170 feet and expelling more than ten thousand gallons during each eruption. 16.In order for a geyser to erupt A. hot rocks must rise to the surface of the earth. B. water must flow underground. C. it must be a warm day. D. the earth must not be rugged or broken. 17.Old Faithful is located in A. New Zealand. B. Iceland. C. the United States. D. England. 18.Old Faithful erupts A. every 10 minutes. C. every 125 minutes.

B. every 60 minutes. D. every 170 minutes.

19.A geyser is A. hot water and stream. B. cracks and fissures. C. hot rocks. D. great pressure. 20.As depth increases A. pressure increases but temperature does not. B. temperature increases but pressure does not. C. both pressure and temperature increase. D. neither pressure nor temperature increases. 4.How do you do about making a boy into a zero? A. How can you conceal a boy and make him& 6.A. unobtainable B. undesirable C. unsolved


agree vi.同意;持相同意见 I cannot agree with you on this point.在这一点上,我不能同意你的意 见。

sb agree with sb 同意某人的话,意见 sth agree with sb 某物,某事适应某人 agree to sb 建议 agree on sth 在某一点上取得一致意见 agree up sth 在某一点上取得一致意见 agree to do sth 同意干某事 break vt.打破;损坏;破坏 We should all take a little break before dessert. 吃甜点之前我们大家应 该稍微休息一下。break down 机器坏了=go wrong 身体垮了/终止谈话 11) I had never seen a grown man break down and cry. 我从未曾看到过一个这么强壮的汉子痛哭失声。 break in 闯入,插话 break off 忽然停止讲话/断绝,结束/暂停工作,休息 break out (战争等)爆发;逃出(无被动式) break through 打破包围 break up 驱散,学校的放学 The police had to employ force to break up the crowd.警察不得不使 用武力驱散人群。break away from 脱离,逃说,与...断绝来往/改变某种习惯 bring vt.拿来;带来;取来 I'll bring some of my pictures into the gallery. 我就带一些我的摄影到 艺廊来。bring about =cause, result in, lead to bring down 使倒下,使下降 bring force 使产生,引 起 bring forward 提出建议=put forward/提前 bring in =get in the pops/使得到某种收入 Mr. Li: Oh…would you kindly allow me to bring in h…would you kindly allow me to bring in the civet durian? It is the favorite of my sister.李先生: 喔…您能允许我带些榴莲吗?它是我姐姐最喜欢的水果。bring back to one's mind 使回想起 bring up sb 抚养某人 bring up sth 提出 bring up 呕吐 bring to an end 结束=come to an end cal l vt.叫喊;打电话给…I'll call the roll before class. 课前我要点名。 call on sb 拜访,号召 call at 访问(某人的家);(火车、船)停* call for 需要 And there's a phone call for you, Mr. Bennett. Bennett 先生有你的电话。 call for sb 去接某人一起去做某事 call off 取消(计划,比赛) call out (call out+to sb.)大声地叫 call up sb 打电话 call in 请进来 We'll call in a couple of days. 我们两三天後打电话。

carry vt.携带;运载;传送 Another generation to carry on the Stewart name. 这是承继 Stewart 家族 香火的新一代。 carry out 进行到底,贯彻执行 4) Tomorrow, Sandra will carry out the garbage. 明天珊多拉将会 收拾垃圾的。carry out 是成就、完成的惯用语,但在此地,一看便知并非这种意思。可把它想 象做从厨房把 garbage 运到外面去。 carry on 进行下去,坚持下去 Another generation to carry on the Stewart name. 这是承继 Stewart 家族香火的新一代。carry away 拿走,入迷,被...吸引 carry forward 推进,发扬(精神) carry off 抢走,夺走/获得奖品 carry through 进行到底,完成计划 carry sb through 使...渡过难 关 catch vt.捉;抓住 vi.接住 We didn't catch anything. 我们什么也没有钓著。 catch up 赶上 33. He shut himself away for a month to catch up on his academic work.他与世隔 绝一个月,力图把功课赶上去。 catch on 勾住,绊倒 catch at 想抓住 A drowning man will catch at a straw. 溺水者见草也要抓; 急何能择。be caught in the rain 被雨淋 catch up with 赶上某人,补上工作 clear a.清澈[晰]的 vt.清除 It is said it will clear up tonight. 天气预报说今晚雨就会停。 clear up (天气)转晴,澄清事实,整理收拾 It is sai d it will clear up tonight. 天气预报说今晚雨就会停。 clear away 清除掉,去掉,消散 clear off 消除(积雪)等障碍,把...拆掉,擦掉,清除 come vi.到来; 变得; 到达 May I come in? 我能进来吗? come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到 come on 快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去 Oh, come on now. 噢别这样了。 come at 向...扑过来,向...袭击 7. We may come at another time.我们可以另找个时间来。 come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒 come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事 come in 进来,上市 And have you had an engineer come in to do an inspection? 你们可有一个工 程师来做过检查吗 come from 来自于 I come from Japan. 我来自日本。come out 出来,出发,结果 Did Mitchell Johnson's review come out yet? Mitchell Johnson 的评论出来了没有?

come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解 When will he come to see you? 他什么时候来看你? come up sb 走进 come up 种子生长发育,被提出 and I'll come up with something. 我会想出个 办法的。 come to one's rescuers 帮助 come true 实现 I know, but it's still a dream come true. 我知道但这终究是一个梦想实现了。 cut v.割,切,削减,切断 they cut patches 剪下布块 cut sth in half 把...砍成两半 cut away 切除 He cut away a dead branch.他砍掉一根枯干的树 枝。 cut through 走近路,剌穿 cut down 砍倒,减少,压缩(开支) cut off 切断(关系,来往),中止(电话,思维) 3. He was cut off from his fellows.他和同伴失去联 系。 cut out 删掉/改掉(恶习),停止 in a short cut 诀窍 do v.aux.助动词(无词意) What do you call this in English? 这个用英语怎么说? do with 涉及到 What are you going to do with the books? 你打算拿这些书怎么办? do up one's hair 盘起长发 do up sth 包/捆起来 do out 打扫,收拾 do away with =get rid of 废除,去掉,取消 die vi.死亡; 枯死; 熄灭 I will die before I'll eat that carrot. 如果要我吃胡萝卜,我宁愿去死。 dir from 因饥渴,战争,被污染的意外死亡 die off 因年老,疾病而死亡 die away 声音变弱,渐渐消失/停息,消失 die down 慢慢地熄灭(风,火) die out 熄灭,变弱,消失,灭绝(动物) fall vi.落下;跌倒;陷落 to fall 坠下,掉下 fall a sleep 去睡觉=go to sleep fall ill 病了 335. Be careful not to fall ill.注意不要生病了。 fall across 遇见(偶然) fall back 后退,后撤 fall behind 落后,跟不上

fall in 集合/陷入 29. The necessary outcome of a war is a fall in production.战争带来的必然结 果就是生产力下降。 fall into 陷入+名词 A fall into a pit, a gain in your wit.吃一堑,长一智。 fall off 减少,从...摔下来 to fall off a bench 从长椅上掉下来 fall on 看到,落在...上面 fall short of 缺乏 fall out of 放弃 get vi.变得,成为;到达 When do you get up everyday? 每天你几点起床? get about 到处走,消息的传开 Don't forget about the bet. 别忘了打赌的事。 get across 穿过,讲清楚使人了解,领会 The children began to get across at each other. 孩子们开 始争吵了。 away 逃掉,离开,摆脱 1. I hope to get away early in the morning.我希望一早就动 get 身离开。 get down 从…下来,写下来,记下来,病了/使某人不安 It's time to get down to business now. 是 进入正题的时候啦。 get along with sth 进展得 get along with sb 相处 get in 进去,进站,收进来,收帐 Yeah. Yeah. Let's get in our lines. 是啊是啊。请排好位置。 get off 离开,下车 You can take the bus and get off at the second stop. 你可以坐公共汽车第二站 下。 get on 上车 157. Don't get on my nerves!(不要搅得我心烦。 ) get out 拔出,传开 I need to get out more. 我需要多出门去。 get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来,不接 from Yes, I know, but he'll get over it. 是的我知道 过一下就会好的。get around =spread 传开 get through 完成,通过,用完,从人群中通过,接通电话 11. It took us only a few minutes to get through the Customs.我们的海关检查只花了几分钟时间。 get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质 Excuse me, how can I get to the bus station? 对不起,汽车站 怎么走?get together 聚会,联欢 92. Let's get together one of these days.(找一天聚聚。 ) get in a word 策划 get into trouble 陷入 get rid off 摆脱,去掉 give vt.给出,赋予,发生 If you have more, please give me some. 如果你有多的,请给我。

give away 分发,赠送,颁发,背叛,出卖,暴露 give in 屈服 give off 放出(气体,光) 15) Those flowers look pretty but don't give off a nice smell. 这些花看似 漂亮,但是气味并不好。 give out 使人筋疲力尽 7) Some restaurants give out an odor that reaches to the street. 一些餐厅 里面的气味飘到了街上。odor 是指比 scent 更浓更清楚的味道。 give up 放弃,停止做某事 455. He resolved to give up smoking.他决心戒烟。 give over 让位于=give way to 被取代 give away to 被取代 give rise to 引起,导致 From mutual understanding, a comfortab le situation has been creation. 由于彼此的了解,因而建立了愉快的关系。create 除了“创造” 以外,还有“give rise to, cause”的意思。 go vi.离开; 移动; 运行 I have to go now. 我必须走了。 go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败 go red 变红 go hungry 挨饿 go wrong 出错;发生故障 go about 随便走/进行 33. Could you please inform me how to go about contacting a lawyer?请您 告诉我怎样去联络律师? go after 追赶 go ahead 说吧,走吧,做吧(口语),走在前面 Good.now we can go ahead and write up the order. 好极了,现在我们可以准备下单了。go at 从事于 go beyond 超出 It can go beyond the school system, Ellen. 这可以推广到学校体制以外 Ellen。 go by =pass 经过,过去 76. He let a week go by before answering the letter.他一周以后才回信。 go down 下降 I'll go down to Henry's grocery. He's always open. 我到亨利杂货店去。 那里总是 开门营业的 go into 进入 Yes, you're right. After all, she is smart enough to go into business.是啊, 你说的对。毕竟,她完全有经商才智。go off 消失,腐败,坏的 go out (火)熄灭,过时了,罢工 Why not go out for a walk? 干吗不出去散步? go over 复习,检查 to go over to the construction site with me? 去看一看建筑工地吗 go through 审阅/经历了(痛苦,困难),完成 Would you like to go through our factory some time? 什么时候来看看我们的工厂吧? go up 提高,上涨(价格) I can go up to the lodge for some hot dogs and drinks. 我可以到那边小 屋去弄些热狗和饮料来。 up 起来反抗 He that lies down (sleeps) with dogs must rise up with rise fleas.

与恶人交终会变恶;近朱者赤,近墨者黑。 go around 分配,传播,传开 OK, let's go around the table. 好让我们顺著桌子来。 go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事 go back to 追溯到…I'll work for 5 years and then go back to school. 我会工作五年,然后会学 校。 go with 相配=match=go along with They had excepted me to go with them. 他们原本希望我和 他们一起去。go well with 协调 Salesgirl: Sure. We have both skirts and trousers that would go well with the sweater. Look to this section.女店员:当然。我们有裙子和长裤都可以配那件毛 衣。看看这边。 go too far 太过分了,走太远了 hold vt.怀有,持有(见解等) No, the restaurant will hold our table. 不会餐厅会保留我们的席位。 hold up 主持,耽搁,延误,继续下去,拿起 hold back 阻挡,忍住,保留,隐瞒 hold down 控制,镇压=put down hold off 延误,保持距离,使"疏远" hold on 坚持下去,停止,别挂(电话) He gave them to me to hold on to them 他给我戒指要我自 己保管 hold out 坚持到胜利,支持,维持,伸出 hold to 坚持某个看法(路线),紧紧地抓住 OK, hold to the right. 好在右边停住。 hunt vt.追猎;追赶 vi.打猎 He that will have a hare to breakfast must hunt overnight. 早餐想吃野 兔肉,头晚就须去捕捉。hunt for 寻找 hunt out 找出来 hunt throw 翻找 keep vt.保存,保持;留住 We keep in touch with each other by Email since he left China. 他离开中 国以后,我们用 Email 保持联系。 keep to 坚持某种习惯,遵循,*(左右) 8. In England traffic must keep to the left.在英国,车辆必须 *左行驶。keep back 留在后面,阻止,忍住 keep down 控制,下降,缩减开支 keep off 避开,远离,让开 keep out 使其等在外面,不让进入 keep up 保持,维持,鼓足勇气 keep sb from doing 阻止某人做某事

keep sth from sb 把某事瞒着某人 keep up with 跟上 knock vi.&vt.&n.敲,击,打 174. Why don't you knock it off? 为什么不把它关掉? knock into sb 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到 knock sth down 降低价格,拆除,缩减开支 knock off 下班,停工,很快地写出文章 knock sb up 匆匆做饭,敲门把某人叫醒,使某人疲倦 knock at 敲(门) 6.Yhere was a knock at the door. It was the second time someone had interrupted me that evening.(有人敲门,那是那天晚上打扰我的第二个。 )knock sb up 把某人叫醒 know vt.知道;认识;通晓 Do you know where I've put my glasses? 你知道我把眼镜搁哪儿了 吗? know about 了解,知道情况 How much do you know about the works of George Eliot? 乔治·艾 略特的作品你知道多少?know of 听说,知道为什么 be know for sth 以...出名 as known to all 众所周知 lay vt.放,安排,铺设,覆盖 and lay them face down. 将牌盖住。 lay aside 放在…一边,积蓄 lay down 放下,制定计划 lay emphasis on sth 强调 lay down one's life for 为...献出生命 lay out 布置;设计 lay off 解雇 leave v.离开,留下 leave alone 不要管(某人),不要碰(某物) leave behind 遗留,遗志 leave off (使)停止;中断 leave out 删掉,漏掉 leave over 剩下的,暂时不去解决的 lay in 积蓄,储蓄 36. We have to play inside because it is raining.因为天下雨,我们不得不在屋里 玩。 let vt.容许,使得,假设 Rose, let me introduce my friend to you. 罗斯,让我介绍一下我的朋友。 let alone 不要 管,不碰,更不用说 let down 放下(窗帘),失望 let off 燃放鞭炮,放掉蒸汽,放过某人 let out 放掉气,发出响声,泄露 look v.看,期待 n.外观,神色 Yes, but you look as pretty now, as you did then. 但你看起来还是那 么漂亮。look after 照料 61. It's very noble of you to look after my old grandmother when I was

out for business.你心地真好,在我出差期间照顾我年迈的外婆。 look at 看 May I have a look at the watch? 我能看看这块表吗?look back 回顾 look in 顺便来访=drop in I don't know. You may look in the TV Guide. 我不知道,你可以看看 《电视报》 look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报) look on as 把...看作... look out 小心,当心, 。 向外看 look around 到处看 Well ... you mind if I look around 嗯……你们不介意我到处瞧瞧 look over 审阅,翻阅 Yes, so we had better look over your specifications. 是的,所以我们最好先 把您的规格说明细看一遍。 look through 浏览,仔细地检查 look to 负责,留意 The more women look in their glass,the less they look to their house. 妇女照镜越多,照管家务就越少。 look up (从词典中)找出,天气转变,物价上涨,仰视 to look up 仰视 look up to sb 尊敬某人 look down on sb 轻视某人 look down upon sb 轻视某人 look forward 期待 I look forward to seeing you and Harry and Michelle. 我等著见 Harry 和 Michelle。 make n.(产品)来源 vt.制造 It's really hard to make a decision. 挺难做决定的。 make for 有助于,向…走过去 make out 辩认出,理解,开(写)支票,假装 make up 构成 I am old enough to make up my own mind. 我已经长大了,可以自己拿主 意了。 make up for 补偿 make up of 由...组成 make phone of 嘲笑,和某人开玩笑 make the best of 充分利用 make certain 弄清楚 make up one's mind 决定,下决心 make up one's minds 决心,下决心 make tea 泡茶 801. She intends to make teaching her profession.她想以教书为职业。 make coffee 冲咖啡 make off 逃跑,匆匆离开 open a.开的;开放的 vt.开 Does the shop open at 9 am on weekdays? 这家店平日是早上 9 点开 门吗? open to the public 向公众开放 The town gardens are open to the public from sunrise to the sunset daily.市立公园每天从早到晚对公众开放。

open traffic 通车 open into 门打开后通向 open to 道路通向 The road bridge is now open to traffic.这座公路桥现在开放通行。open up 开垦 open fire on sb. 向某人开火 open out 打开, 转开 pass v.通过 n.经过;通行证 Even if you take the exam again, you won't pass it. 就算再考一次你 也通不过。pass away 消磨(时间) to pass away 去世,死(委婉的说法) pass by 从某人身边经过,过去 304. Don't let chances pass by.不要让机遇从我们身边溜走。 pass off 消失,顺利地进行 pass for 冒充,假扮 pass on 传下去 pass through 经历 We don't like them to pass through here. 我们不希望汽车通过这里。 pick n.风镐;牙签 v.凿;摘;挑选 I pick up my sister from her school. 我到学校接妹妹。 pick out 挑选,认出(某人),领会 pick up 捡起来,中途把某人装上车,恢复健康 I pick up my sister from her school. 我到学校接 妹妹。 pull v.拖,拔, 扯 n.牵引 to pull a trailer 拖汽车房屋(电影中经常见到) pull down 拆掉,推掉,使身体虚弱,使价格降低 pull off 脱衣帽 pull off a plan 实现计划 pull out 拔出,离开,度过难关,恢复健康 to pull out of the garage 从车库开车出来 pull throw 渡过难关,使从病中恢复过来 pull up 车子停下,拔起(树、草) put v.放;移动;使穿过;写 Do you know where I've put my glasses? 你知道我把眼镜搁哪儿了 吗? put away 放下,收起来,把…放在原位 595. He has a nice sum of money put away.他存了一大 笔钱。 put aside 把放在...留出(时间),备用 put back 放在原处,推迟,延期 52. When the others had gone, Mary remained and put back the furniture.当其他人走了之后,玛丽留下来,将家具放回原处。 put down 镇压,写下来 He put down his glass.他放下杯子。put forward 提出,提前,提供 put in 提交,申请(+for) All is not gain that is put in the purse. 装进钱包里的不一定都是正当的 收入。

put off 推迟,延期,打消,关上 71. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.今日事今日 毕。 put on 穿上,上演 put on a bit of makeup. 我化一点妆。put through 接通电话 put out 扑灭,关灯,生产,出版 Far water does not put out near fire.远水救不了近火。 put up 张贴,留某人过夜,建造 if we can put up some collateral. 如果我们能提供担保物的话 put into production 把...投入生产 put into use 投入使用 put one's heart into 全心全意投入 run v.(使)跑 n.赛跑;路线 He can run as fast as Jim. 他跑的和吉姆一样快。 run across 穿过(跪道),偶然遇到 run after 追赶 to run after the gentleman 追求绅士 run away 逃走,失去控制 to run away from his sister 从他姐姐那儿逃走(发生了什么事情?) run down 身体虚弱,电用完了 run into sb 碰 脱衣帽 pull off a plan 实现计划 pull out 拔出,离开,度过难关,恢复健康 to pull out of the garage 从车库开车出来 pull throw 渡过难关,使从病中恢复过来 pull up 车子停下,拔起(树、草) put v.放;移动;使穿过;写 Do you know where I've put my glasses? 你知道我把眼镜搁哪儿了 吗? put away 放下,收起来,把…放在原位 595. He has a nice sum of money put away.他存了一大 笔钱。 put aside 把放在...留出(时间),备用 put back 放在原处,推迟,延期 52. When the others had gone, Mary remained and put back the furniture.当其他人走了之后,玛丽留下来,将家具放回原处。 put down 镇压,写下来 He put down his glass.他放下杯子。put forward 提出,提前,提供 put in 提交,申请(+for) All is not gain that is put in the purse. 装进钱包里的不一定都是正当的 收入。 put off 推迟,延期,打消,关上 71. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.今日事今日 毕。

put on 穿上,上演 put on a bit of makeup. 我化一点妆。put through 接通电话 put out 扑灭,关灯,生产,出版 Far water does not put out near fire.远水救不了近火。 put up 张贴,留某人过夜,建造 if we can put up some collateral. 如果我们能提供担保物的话 put into production 把...投入生产 put into use 投入使用 put one's heart into 全心全意投入 run v.(使)跑 n.赛跑;路线 He can run as fast as Jim. 他跑的和吉姆一样快。 run across 穿过(跪道),偶然遇到 run after 追赶 to run after the gentleman 追求绅士 run away 逃走,失去控制 to run away from his sister 从他姐姐那儿逃走(发生了什么事情?) run down 身体虚弱,电用完了 run into sb 碰 到某人 run for 竞选 Why shouldn't you run for what, Mom? 为什么不该竞选什么妈妈 run out 用完 Well, I suppose I've run out of excuses. 噢我想我再也找不出籍口了。 run over 匆匆浏览 run through 穿过,匆匆看一下,做完 Let's just run through the arguments for and against. 我们来看一下赞成和反对的理由。 run a risk of =at the risk of 冒...险 run a fever 发烧 run short of 缺乏 see vt.看见;遇见;看出 Hello. Can I see Mr. Green? 你好,我能见格林先生吗? see sb off 为某人送行,解雇 see into sth 调查,了解某事 see about 负责处理 5. I'll have to see about that.这事儿我得想一想再定。 see through 看穿某人 see sth through 进行到底 see to get that 务必要 send vt. vi.送,寄发;派遣 To make it fast, you can send a fax. 要想快点的话就发个传真。 send for 派某人去请,去叫某人 send off 发出,寄出 send sb off =see sb. off 为某人送行,解雇 send out 发出,发射 send in 交上去,递送 send on 转交 I can send one for you to try. 我们可以寄个给你试用。 set vi.(日,月)落,vt.放 We are going upstairs to set up Grandpa's room. 我们要上楼收拾一下爷爷 的房间。set about sth 着手做某事 set about doing sth 着手做某事 set out 出发,开始做某事,陈

述 24. After several delays, he finally set out at 8 o'clock.几经耽搁,他终于在八点钟出发了。 set apart 分离,流出 set aside 流出,宣布…无效 In that case ,I'll have some set aside for you. 既 然这么说,我会为你留一些下来。set down 放下,写下 set off 出发 set up 建立 We are going upstairs to set up Grandpa's room. 我们 要上楼收拾一下爷爷的房间。 set fire to 放火烧 set an example for 为某人树立榜样 start vi.跳起;出发;开始 What time do you start work? 你什么时候开始工作? start from 从...开始 start with 就此开始 to schedule one hour a week--to start with.安排一星期 一个小时。start in 开始 start after sb. 追赶上某人 start off 动身出发 start out 着手进行 start up 开工,突然站起来 at the very start 一开始 take vt.耗费(时间);需要 I used to take a walk in the early morning. 我过去常一大早出去散步。 take away 拿走,离开 20. I want to take away the book which you showed me yesterday.我想带走 你昨天给我看的那本书。take back 拿回来 take back one's words 收回(刚讲的话) take A for B 把 A 误认为是 B take in sth 接受 take in sb 欺骗 take off 起飞,取消 Before gold,even kings take off their hats. 在黄金面前,国王也要脱帽。 take on 呈现,承担 The U.S. will take one route, the Japan take other. 美国和日本采取不同的新 路径。 take on sb 雇用 take up 占据(时间,地方),从事于 take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪 take turn 轮流 take in turn 依次 take pains to do 努力做某事 take a chance 碰运气 take a lead 带头 take effect 生效 take charge of 负责 take one's leave 告辞 think v.思考;认为;想起 Yes, I think so. 是的,我认为是。 think about 考虑,关心 What do you think about it? 你对此怎么看? think of 想起,记得,觉得怎样 What do you think of their skill? 你觉得他们演奏技术如何? think of as 把...当作... think over 仔细考虑 think out

想出,解决了,想清楚 think back to 回想过去 think well of 高度评价 think highly of 高度评价 throw v.投射;摔倒 n.投掷 to throw a plane 抛(纸)飞机 throw about 到处扔 throw away 扔掉,浪费(金钱),失去(机会) throw back 扔回来,阻止,进攻 throw down 扔下来,推翻 within a stones throw off *...很近 throw in 扔,扔进 throw into 扔,扔进 throw in a word or two 插一两句话 throw off 匆忙地脱掉,摆脱,扔掉 throw off one's airs 放下某人的架子 throw on 匆忙穿上 throw out 赶走 Don't throw out the baby with the bath water. 切勿良莠不分一起抛。 throw light on 提供线索,有助理解某事 throw one's self into 投入 throw cold water 泼冷水 turn v.转向,旋转 n.轮流 Open your books and turn to page 20. 打开书,翻到第 20 页。 turn back 翻回到+to turn down 拒绝,音量调低 turn up 音量调高,出席 L: You can fill in this lost property report, and I'll keep my eye out for it. Those kinds of things usually turn up eventually, but I suggest you contact your embassy and tell them about your situation, so they can issue you a new passport in case it doesn't show up.管理 员:你来填这张遗失报告表,我会替你留意的。像这样的东西,最后总是会出现的。但我建议 你跟你们的大使馆联系并把你的情形告诉他们。万一你的护照找不到的话,他们会给你补发 新护照的。 turn in 上交 Please turn in your paper before leaving. 请在离开前将论文交上。 turn oneself in 自首 turn into 把...变成...,把...翻译成... turn out 结果是,制造出,生产出,培养出,关(煤气) 50. How did the game turn out? 球赛结果如 何 ? turn over 移交,把...打翻 turn to 转向,求助于,翻到第几页 Open your books and turn to page 20. 打开书,翻到第 20 页。 turn to sb for help 求助于 turn against 背叛 turn by one's 轮流,交替 in one's turn 轮到某人做某事 it is one's turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事

wear v.穿,戴,磨损,耐久 What will you wear for the party? 晚会上你穿什么? wear sb out 使某人精疲力尽 wear sth out 使某物被穿破 wear off 慢慢地消失掉,褪掉 wear away 磨掉,(时间)消逝 wear on (时间)消逝 work vi.(机器等)运转;活动 I'll work for the next 5 days. 我要工作 5 天(从明天算起) work on 从事于某项工作 I'll work on my computer. 我要练电脑。 work on a problem 从事于某 项工作 work out 算出 (总数) work out a sum 算出总数带来好结果; to 有预期的结果 Things will work themselves out. 事情会有好结果的。 运动; 锻炼 to work out daily with sparring partner 每天和 拳击陪练员练习 I could work out in your class with no problem. 如果我去你的班上做运动一 定不会觉得有问题。 (矿山)开采完,采尽 work at 在做... I start work at 8 o'clock. 我八点开始工作。work in with 配合 work up 准备 work in 编进去 Yes. I'm a designer, and I work in a boutique. 是的我是位设计师我在一家服装 店工作。


热点范文(一) Directions: A. Title:What Will Happen If China Enters WTO? B. Word Limit: about 200 words C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese below: 1. 每个中国人都盼望中国加入世界贸易组织。 2. a. 加入世贸组织,国家和人民都将大大受益; b. 加入世贸组织,也会带来一些不利 影响,如国有企业将面临更大的挑战。 3. 对中国加入世贸组织感到欣喜之余,我们也应看到随之而来的一些挑战。

例文: What Will Happen If China Enters WTO? Every Chinese is looking forward to China“s entry into WTO, widely seen as a blessing and a promise of prosperity. It seems to be so at first sight, however, on reflection, we“re convinced that it“s just another coin with two sides. On the one hand, both the nation and people will benefit greatly from China“s entry into WTO. Shut out of WTO, China Dused to be deprived of equal trade opportunities and was placed at a distinct disadvantage in world trade. This situation will change if China enters WTO. In addition, foreign coMPAnies will stream into China and offer great job opportunities, which, in a sense, will relieve the unemployment problem. On the other hand, the entry will impose some negative effects on China. State-owned enterprises in China are undergoing great difficulties, which will be more acute with the flow of foreign competitors into China. In short, excited about the advantages caused by the entry, we should not lose sight of the severe challenges posed by it. 热点范文(二) Directions: A. Title: Fast Food B. Word Limit: about 200 words C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese blew: 1. 快餐在中国十分流行,它是现代快节奏社会的最佳反映。 2. a. 快餐受欢迎有两条原因: b. 然而,从营养角度来讲,快餐却差强人意。 3. 对快餐还是以偶尔品尝为宜。 例文: Fast Food Fast food is becoming more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers. Today, it“s certainly difficult to think of any other single thing that represents the fast pace of

modern society as powerfully as fast food. There are several reasons for its popularity. First, it is very convenient and saves a lot of time. The trends of modern society seem to all point to one ultimate goal —— saving time, and fast food well serves this purpose. You just go into a fast food restaurant, order your food, and your food is ready in no time. You can either eat it there or take it away. Second, its popularity is also attributed to the clean and comfortable environment of fast food restaurants, the excellent service, and the guaranteed qualith of food. However, in terms of nutrition, fast food is far from satisfactory. It usually does not compose a balanced diet and is low in nutritional value. Thus, doctors suggest that people, especially children, eat fast food as little as possible. Although cooking at home is time — consuming and the following washing-up tiresome, it offers healthy and delicious meals your body likes and needs. Fast food is only a good choice when you are in a hurry and turn to it once in a while. 热点范文(三) Direction: A. Write an essay that conveys the information in the following cartoon accoMPAnied by your comments. B. Word Limit: about 200 words C. Your eassy should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2 营生 祖上以打猎为生

爷爷以卖上等木材为生 父亲以卖劈柴和柴墩为生 孙子以卖黄沙为生 …… 例文: Preserving Natural Resources Through the changes in the ways of making a living in a family over several generations, the cartoon aims at sounding a warning against man“s wasteful use of natural resources and emphasizing the urgent need to preserve these resources. 儿子以卖根雕原料为生

Ever since man appeared on the earth, man“s survival has been heavily relied on nature. Almost everything we use in our everyday life comes from nature, ranging from the food we eat, the water we drink, to the wood which is turned into furiture. With the development of technology and population growth, the amount and range of materials used has increased at an alarming rate. However, natural resources are not inexhaustible. Some reserves are already on the brink of exhaustion and there is no hope of replacing them. The widespread water shortage is an example in point. If man continued to squander natural resources with no thought for the future, the later generations would end up selling sand, as is the case in the cartoon, and the whole world would be in a mess. Time is running out. It is up to us to take effective measures before the situation gets out of hand.

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