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e-pr-170 process flow diagram


IPS-E-PR-170

ENGINEERING STANDARD FOR PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM ORIGINAL EDITION JAN. 1996

This standard specification is reviewed and updated by the relevant technical committee on Dec. 2000. The approved modifications are included in the present issue of IPS.

This Standard is the property of Iranian Ministry of Petroleum. All rights are reserved to the owner. Neither whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed to any third party, reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior written consent of the Iranian Ministry of Petroleum.

Jan. 1996

IPS-E-PR-170
PAGE No.

CONTENTS :

0. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 4 1. SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................ 5 2. REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................ 5 3. DEFINITION OF PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM (PFD)................................................................... 5 4. PURPOSE OF PFD......................................................................................................................... 5 5. CONTENTS OF PFD....................................................................................................................... 6 5.1 Items ......................................................................................................................................... 6 5.2 Omissions................................................................................................................................ 6 6. GENERAL DRAFTING INSTRUCTIONS ....................................................................................... 7 6.1 Scale ......................................................................................................................................... 7 6.2 Flow Direction ......................................................................................................................... 7 6.3 Process and Utility Lines in General..................................................................................... 7 6.4 Kind of Lines ........................................................................................................................... 7 6.5 Line Crossover ........................................................................................................................ 7 6.6 Denotation of Lines at Battery Limit Tie-In Points .............................................................. 8 6.7 Direction of Flow ..................................................................................................................... 9 6.8 Division of PFD........................................................................................................................ 9 6.9 Other Trains............................................................................................................................. 9 6.10 Base Line ............................................................................................................................... 9 6.11 Title ......................................................................................................................................... 9 6.12 Legend ................................................................................................................................... 9 6.13 Size ......................................................................................................................................... 9 7. IDENTIFICATION AND NUMBERING OF EQUIPMENT ............................................................. 10 7.1 Process Equipment............................................................................................................... 10 7.1.1 Letter of group ............................................................................................................... 10 7.1.2 Equipment number and name ...................................................................................... 10 7.1.3 Installed spare equipment ............................................................................................ 10 7.1.4 Equipment drivers ......................................................................................................... 10 7.1.5 Instrumentation.............................................................................................................. 10 8. DESCRIPTION OF EQUIPMENT ................................................................................................. 10 8.1 Symbols of Equipment and Operating Conditions............................................................ 10 8.2 Minimum Information Requirements for Equipment......................................................... 10 8.2.1 Designated streams....................................................................................................... 10 8.2.2 Heat exchangers ............................................................................................................ 11 8.2.3 Furnaces ......................................................................................................................... 11 8.2.4 Reactors ......................................................................................................................... 11 8.2.5 Columns.......................................................................................................................... 11

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8.2.6 Drums.............................................................................................................................. 11 8.2.7 Pumps ............................................................................................................................. 11 8.2.8 Compressors and blowers............................................................................................ 11 8.2.9 Ejectors........................................................................................................................... 11 8.2.10 Tanks............................................................................................................................. 11 9. DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTATION .................................................................................... 12 9.1 Instruments............................................................................................................................ 12 9.1.1 Symbols for instrument ................................................................................................ 12 9.1.2 Functional symbols for control.................................................................................... 12 9.1.3 Cascade control............................................................................................................. 12 9.1.4 Compound control......................................................................................................... 13 9.2 Measuring Devices................................................................................................................ 13 9.2.1 Flow rate measuring...................................................................................................... 13 9.2.2 Level measuring ............................................................................................................ 13 9.2.3 Measurement of pressure, temperature, etc............................................................... 14 9.3 Control Valves ....................................................................................................................... 14 9.3.1 Actuator .......................................................................................................................... 14 9.3.2 Control valves ................................................................................................................ 14 10. MATERIAL BALANCE TABLE .................................................................................................. 14 10.1 Contents of Material Balance Table .................................................................................. 14 10.1.1 Stream information...................................................................................................... 14 10.1.2 Operating conditions................................................................................................... 14 10.1.3 Basic physical properties ........................................................................................... 15 10.1.4 Data concerning hydraulic calculation...................................................................... 15 10.2 Denotation of Material Balance Table ............................................................................... 15 10.2.1 Position of denotation................................................................................................. 15 10.2.2 Number of digits of numerals and denotation of small quantities ......................... 15 10.3 Examples ............................................................................................................................. 15 11. HEAT AND MATERIAL BALANCE SHEETS ............................................................................ 15 12. PIPING AND EQUIPMENT SYMBOLS (SEE FIGS. 1.1 THROUGH 1.18)................................ 16 13. SYMBOLS OF OPERATING CONDITIONS .............................................................................. 28

TABLES:

TABLE 1 - TYPICAL MATERIAL BALANCE TABLE ..................................................................... 15

FIGURES:

Fig. 1.1 (a) PIPELINE SYMBOLS ................................................................................................... 16

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Fig. 1.1 (b) PIPING - PIPELINES SYMBOLS .................................................................................. 17 Fig. 1.2 Fig. 1.3 Fig. 1.4 Fig. 1.5 Fig. 1.6 Fig. 1.7 Fig. 1.8 Fig. 1.9 Fig. 1.10 Fig. 1.11 Fig. 1.12 Fig. 1.13 Fig. 1.14 Fig. 1.15 Fig. 1.16 Fig. 1.17 Fig. 1.18 Fig. 2 PIPING - TRAP FUNCTIONS SYMBOLS..................................................................... 17 PIPING- GENERAL EQUIPMENT SYMBOLS.............................................................. 18 SHELL AND TUBE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER SYMBOLS ....................................... 19 DOUBLE-PIPE HEAT EXCHANGER SYMBOL ........................................................... 19 REBOILER SYMBOLS.................................................................................................. 20 AIR FIN COOLER SYMBOLS....................................................................................... 20 BOX COOLER SYMBOL .............................................................................................. 21 FURNACE SYMBOLS................................................................................................... 21 PUMP SYMBOLS.......................................................................................................... 21 COMPRESSOR, EXPANDER AND BLOWER SYMBOLS .......................................... 22 COLUMN SYMBOLS .................................................................................................... 24 DRUM SYMBOLS ......................................................................................................... 24 REACTOR SYMBOL..................................................................................................... 25 EJEC TOR SYMBOL..................................................................................................... 25 TANK SYMBOLS .......................................................................................................... 26 ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANKS SYMBOLS ......................................................... 27 VESSELS, INCL. PRESSURE STORAGE VESSELS SYMBOLS............................... 28 SYMBOLS OF OPERATING CONDITIONS ................................................................. 28

APPENDICES:

APPENDIX

A

A TYPICAL TITLE BLOCK .............................................................................. 29

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Jan. 1996 0. INTRODUCTION

IPS-E-PR-170

The Standard Practice Manual titled as "Fundamental Requirements for the Project Design and Engineering" is intended for convenience of use and a pattern of follow-up and also a guidance. These Standard Engineering Practice Manuals, also indicate the check points to be considered by the process engineers for assurance of fulfilment of prerequisitions at any stage in the implementation of process plant projects. It should be noted that these Iranian Petroleum Standards (IPS), as a Practice Manual does not profess to cover all stages involved in every process project, but it reflects the stages that exist in general in process projects of oil, gas and petrochemical industries of Iran. These preparation stages describes the following three main phases which can be distinguished in every project & includes, but not limited to: Basic Design Stages (containing Seven standards). Detailed Design, Engineering and Procurement Stages (containing two Standards). Start-up Sequence and General Commissioning Procedures (containing two Standards). The process engineering standards of this group includes the following 11 Standards: STANDARD CODE STANDARD TITLE Phase I) Phase II) Phase III)

I) Manuals of Phase I (Numbers 1-7) IPS-E-PR-150 "Basic Design Package" IPS-E-PR-170 "Process Flow Diagram" IPS-E-PR-190 "Layout and Spacing" IPS-E-PR-200 "Basic Engineering Design Data" IPS-E-PR-230 "Piping & Instrument Diagrams (P&IDs)" IPS-E-PR-250 "Performance Guarantee" IPS-E-PR-308 "Numbering System" II) Manuals of Phase II (Numbers 8 & 9) IPS-E-PR-260 "Detailed Design, Engineering and Procurement" IPS-E-PR-300 "Plant Technical and Equipment Manuals (Engineering Dossiers)" III) Manuals of Phase III (Numbers 10 & 11) IPS-E-PR-280 "Start-up Sequence and General Commissioning Procedures" IPS-E-PR-290 "Plant Operating Manuals" This Engineering Standard Specification covers: "PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM"

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1. SCOPE This standard manual specifies general and specific requirements for the contents of process flow diagram (hereinafter called PFD) which shall be used throughout OGP project .However , further requirements may be requested by the company to fulfill specific project requirements.

Note: This standard specification is reviewed and updated by the relevant technical committee on Dec. 2000. The approved modifications by T.C. were sent to IPS users as amendment No. 1 by circular No. 130 on Dec. 2000. These modifications are included in the present issue of IPS.

2. REFERENCES Throughout this Standard the following dated and undated standards/codes are referred to. These referenced documents shall, to the extent specified herein, form a part of this standard. For dated references, the edition cited applies. The applicability of changes in dated references that occur after the cited date shall be mutually agreed upon by the Company and the Vendor. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced documents (including any supplements and amendments) applies. ANSI (AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD INSTITUTE) Process Charts, Y 15.3 M, 1979

ISO

(INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION) ISO 7000-1984 (E/F), 1st. Ed. 1984-03-15 "Graphical Symbols for Use on Equipment-Index and Synopsis"

IPS

(IRANIAN PETROLEUM STANDARDS) "Piping & Instrument Diagrams (P&IDs)" "Plant Operating Manuals" "Numbering System"

IPS-E-PR-230 IPS-E-PR-290 IPS-E-PR-308

3. DEFINITION OF PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM (PFD) Process flow diagram mainly defines: a) A schematic representation of the sequence of all relevant operations occurring during a process and includes information considered desirable for analysis. b) The process presenting events which occur to the material(s) to convert the feedstock(s) to the specified products. c) An operation occuring when an object (or material) is intentionally changed in any of its physical or chemical characteristics, is assembled or disassembled from another object or is arranged or prepared for another operation, transportation, inspection or storage.

4. PURPOSE OF PFD The purpose of PFD is generally as follows:

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Jan. 1996 a) Plant design basis

IPS-E-PR-170

PFD shows the plant design basis indicating feedstock, product and main streams flow rates and operating conditions.

b) Scope of process PFD serves to identify the scope of the process.

c) Equipment configuration PFD shows graphically the arrangement of major equipment, process lines and main control loops.

d) Required utilities PFD shows utilities which are used continuously in the process.

5. CONTENTS OF PFD

5.1 Inclusive PFD shall comprise but not limited to the following items: 1) All process lines, utilities and operating conditions essential for material balance and heat and material balance. 2) Type and utility flow lines which are used continuously within the battery limits. 3) Equipment diagrams to be arranged according to process flow, designation, and equipment number. 4) Simplified control instrumentation pertaining to control valves and the likes to be involved in process flows. 5) Major process analyzers. 6) Operating conditions around major equipment. 7) Heat duty for all heat transfer equipment. 8) Changing process conditions along individual process flow lines, such as flow rates, operating pressure & temperature, etc. 9) All alternate operating conditions. 10) Material balance table.

5.2 Disclusive The following items are generally not be shown on PFD, except in special cases: 1) Minor process lines which are not usually used in normal operation and minor equipment, such as block valves, safety/relief valves, etc. 2) Elevation of equipment. 3) All spare equipment. 4) Heat transfer equipment, pumps, compressor, etc., to be operated in parallel or in series shall be shown as one unit. 5) Piping information such as size, orifice plates, strainers, and classification into hot or cold

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Jan. 1996 insulated of jacket piping. 6) Instrumentation not related to automatic control.

IPS-E-PR-170

7) Instrumentation of trip system, (because it cannot be decided at the PFD preparation stage). 8) Drivers of rotating machinery except where they are important for control line of the process conditions. 9) Any dimensional information on equipment, such as internal diameter, height, length, and volume. Internals of equipment shall be shown only if required for a clear understanding of the working of the equipment.

6. GENERAL DRAFTING INSTRUCTIONS

6.1 Scale PFDs should not be drafted to scale. However, their size should be compatible with that of equipment drawings.

6.2 Flow Direction As a rule, PFDs should be drawn from the left to the right in accordance with process flows.

6.3 Process and Utility Lines in General The main process flow shall be accentuated by heavy lines. Process utility lines shall be shown only where they enter or leave the main equipment. Pipe lines shall not be identified by numbers. Valves, vents, drains, by-passes, sample connections, automatic or manual control systems, instrumentation, electrical systems, etc. shall be omitted from the schemes. The direction of the flow shall be indicated for each line. 6.4 Kind of Lines As a rule, Process lines, utility lines, and loop lines for instrument should be drawn according to IPS-E-PR-230 as follows:
a) Main process lines Thickness = 0.8 mm

b) Secondary process lines and utility line Thickness = 0.5 mm

c) All electrical, computerand instrument signals Thickness = 0.3 m

6.5 Line Crossover Where two lines cross each other, the horizontal line should be drawn as a continuous line in all cases. This shall not apply to loop lines for instruments.

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a) Where two main process lines cross

b) Where one main line crosses one secondary process and utility lines

c) Where one main line crosses one loop line for an instrument

6.6 Denotation of Lines at Battery Limit Tie-In Points

a) Process lines From Item No. and/ or Dwg. No. To Item No. and/ or Dwg. No.

Where a PFD consists of two or more divided sheets, drawing numbers should be indicated.

b) Utility lines

COOLING WATER

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Jan. 1996 Names of fluids should be given in parentheses above the utility lines.

IPS-E-PR-170

Names of these fluids should be as abbreviations defined according to IPS-E-PR-308.

6.7 Direction of Flow The direction of flow should be indicated by arrows. In principle all flow lines should be denoted by arrows located at the inlet of equipment, at merging points, and at the corners of the lines. Where a process line is long, however, the process flow may be denoted by arrows located at intermediate points. The number of arrows used to denote one process flow line is not restricted. However, care should be taken not to clutter the drawing with excessive arrows. Arrows at corners may be suitably omitted.

6.8 Division of PFD Where a PFD must be divided into two or more sheets, it should be divided at portions where division is easiest from the process standpoint and each divided section should be drawn on a separate sheet. 6.9 Other Trains Where there are two or more identical trains of process flows, one representative train may be given in the PFD and the others omitted. However, notations pointing out such omissions must be clearly indicated in the titles of all relevant PFDs to avoid confusion.

6.10 Base Line As a rule, base lines should not be drawn. Similar items of equipment, however, should be aligned at the same level as far as possible.

6.11 Title The title should be given in the title block at the lower right-hand corner of the PFD. A typical title block is shown in Appendix A.

6.12 Legend The legend may be given in separate schematic drawing to which reference shall be made if necessary. 6.13 Size The size of PFD should normally be A1 (594 mm × 841 mm).

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Jan. 1996 7. IDENTIFICATION AND NUMBERING OF EQUIPMENT

IPS-E-PR-170

7.1 Process Equipment

7.1.1 Letter of group Each item of equipment shall be identified by an identifying or a tag number composed of letter as given in IPS-E-PR- 308.

7.1.2 Equipment number and name The equipment number and name should be given in the PFD, as a rule, at the upper or the lower part of the sheet, preferably in a space close to the center line of the equipment which is to be denoted. However, depending upon the space, either the number or the name can be omitted.

7.1.3 Installed spare equipment Installed spare equipment, such as pumps, shall be indicated by a suffix letter like "A" or "B". 7.1.4 Equipment drivers Equipment drivers shall carry the same designation as the driven equipment.

7.1.5 Instrumentation It is not necessary to assign an identifying number in the PFD.

8. DESCRIPTION OF EQUIPMENT

8.1 Symbols of Equipment and Operating Conditions a) As a rule, piping and equipment symbols which are common to individual processes should be unified. These are mentioned in Figs. 1.1-1.18. Symbols to denote other equipment not specified in this standard manual shall be decided during project execution upon the company’s approval. b) Decimal numbers should be used inside the symbols mentioned in Fig. 2 to denote operating conditions. c) The position of the operating condition denotation should be as close as possible to the point requiring indication. Where it is difficult to find space for such denotation, however, an auxiliary line should be used to indicate it.

8.2 Minimum Information Requirements for Equipment

8.2.1 Designated streams a) Stream numbers should be serially denoted by Decimal numbers. b) Fluid name. c) Total flow rate. d) Density and/or molecular mass (weight) if required. e) Operating pressure and temperature if required.

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Jan. 1996 8.2.2 Heat exchangers a) Identification number and service name. b) Operating heat duty. c) Inlet and outlet temperatures on both shell and tube sides.

IPS-E-PR-170

8.2.3 Furnaces a) Identification number and service name. b) Operating absorbed heat duty. c) Inlet and outlet operating temperatures on tube side.

8.2.4 Reactors a) Identification number and service name. b) Inlet and outlet operation temperature. c) Inlet and/or outlet pressure.

8.2.5 Columns a) Identification number and service name. b) Tray numbers, operating temperature and pressure for top and bottom trays and also for special trays such as feed and draw-off, etc. c) Trays shall be numbered from bottom to top.

8.2.6 Drums a) Identification number and service name. b) Operating temperature. c) Operating pressure.

8.2.7 Pumps a) Identification number and service name. b) Normal operating capacity and differential pressure.

8.2.8 Compressors and blowers a) Identification number and service name. b) Normal operating capacity and differential pressure.

8.2.9 Ejectors a) Identification number and service name. b) Inlet and outlet operating pressure for ejector system.

8.2.10 Tanks a) Identification number and service name.

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Jan. 1996 b) Operating temperature. c) Operating pressure.

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9. DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTATION Instrumentation to be denoted are instruments, measuring devices and control valves.

9.1 Instruments

9.1.1 Symbols for instrument a) The symbol for an instrument is a circle which shall be connected to the line which is nearest the point of measurement.

b) Where the instrument is a controller, a dotted line representing the control impulse shall connect the instrument circle to the controller valve. c) The denotation of such functional symbols as "R" for recorder, "I" for indicator, and "A" for alarm, etc. should be omitted except for the functional symbol "C" for control. - There should be no distinction as to whether instruments should be locally installed or mounted on the main instrument panel.

9.1.2 Functional symbols for control The following symbols are shown inside the circle representing the instrument. For further details refer to IPS-E-PR- 308. Flow Controlling Flow Ratio Controlling Level Controlling Pressure Controlling Pressure Differenial Controlling Temperature Controlling Temperature Differencial Controlling Speed Controlling Mass (Weight) Controlling PDC TC TDC SC MC FC FRC LC PC

9.1.3 Cascade control Where one controller alters the desired value of one or more other controllers, the instruments circles shall be connected by a dotted line.

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9.1.4 Compound control Where the control actions of two or more controllers combine to operate one or more control valves, the instrument circles representing the controllers shall be joined by dotted lines to the instrument circle representing the combining device.

9.2 Measuring Devices The connecting line between the circle representing the instrument and the stream line represents the measuring device such as for temperature measurement,pressure measurement,flow rate measurement, etc.

9.2.1 Flow rate measuring a) Regarding flow rate measurement, definitions of apparatus type such as rotameter, pitot tube, turbine meter, c) Valves associated with the device need not be shown.

9.2.2 Level measuring a) Definitions of apparatus type such as ball float, displacement, difference pressure, etc., need not be shown. b) A distinction should not be made as to whether the apparatus is an internal or external type. c) Valves associated with the device need not be shown.

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9.2.3 Measurement of pressure, temperature, etc. a) No distinction should be made regarding measuring type. b) Valves associated with measuring devices need not be shown.

9.3 Control Valves

9.3.1 Actuator a) The symbol for an actuator is a half circle which half circle shall be connected with a dotted line representing the control impulse. b) There should be no distinction made as to whether the actuator is a diaphragm type, electric motor type or oil cylinder type, etc.

9.3.2 Control valves Control valves operated by instruments are shown as following:

10. MATERIAL BALANCE TABLE

10.1 Contents of Material Balance Table A material balance table as typically shown in Table-1 shall consist of at least the following information :

10.1.1 Stream information Stream No., name of stream, flow rate, composition.

10.1.2 Operating conditions Operating temperature and pressure.

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Jan. 1996 10.1.3 Basic physical properties

IPS-E-PR-170

Molecular mass (weight), API gravity, Relative Mass Density (Specific Gravity) or (Sp.Gr.), etc.

10.1.4 Data concerning hydraulic calculation Density, viscosity, etc. if required.

10.2 Denotation of Material Balance Table In preparation of material balance Table, care should be given to the following points:

10.2.1 Position of denotation As a rule, the material balance table should be inserted at the lower part of the PFD.

10.2.2 Number of digits of numerals and denotation of small quantities As a rule, percentages should be expressed down to 0.01%. Where traces of components are concerned, special units, such as ppm, should be used.

10.3 Examples A typical material balance table is shown in Table 1. The following comments should be noted prior to preparation of the sheet: a) The total flow rate is described as m3/h and / or bbl / sd (stream day) for liquid flow and as Nm3/h for gas flow. b) The molecular mass (weight) and/or boiling point and/or melting point of each component are often inserted near each component mentioned in Table 1.

.TABLE 1 - TYPICAL MATERIAL BALANCE TABLE
STREAM No. Fluid name Components 101 mol/h or mol% or mass/h or mass% Spec. and/or and/or MW BP MP 102

A B C D E Total flow rate (mol/h) Total flow rate (mass/h), in (kg/h) 3 Total flow rate (volume/h), in (m /h) 3 For liquids at operating conditions, and in (Nm /h) for gases Operating pressure, in kPa (ga) or bar (ga) Operating temperature, in (°C) Molecular mass (weight), in (kg) Relative mass density (specific gravity) at standard conditions, dimensionless 3 Mass density at operating conditions, in (kg/m ) Others Remarks

11. HEAT AND MATERIAL BALANCE SHEETS When preparing the heat and material balance sheets in addition to material balance tables, necessary reference should be made to PFD stream numbers.

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The heat and material balance sheets should be prepared as typically shown in IPS-E-PR-290

12. PIPING AND EQUIPMENT SYMBOLS (SEE FIGS. 1.1 THROUGH 1.18)

12.1 Pipeline Symbols (See Fig. 1.1.a)

12.1.1 Piping-Pipelines symbols (see Fig. 1.1 b) 12.1.2 Piping-Trap functions symbols (see Fig. 1.2) 12.1.3 Piping-General equipment symbols (see Fig. 1.3)

12.2 Shell and Tube Type Heat Exchanger Symbols (See Fig. 1.4) 12.3 Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger Symbol (See Fig. 1.5) 12.4 Reboiler Symbols (See Fig. 1.6) 12.5 Air Fin Cooler Symbols (See Fig. 1.7) 12.6 Box Cooler Symbols (See Fig. 1.8) 12.7 Furnace Symbols (See Fig. 1.9) 12.8 Pump Symbols (See Fig. 1.10) 12.9 Compressor, Expander and Blower Symbols (See Fig. 1.11) 12.10 Column Symbols (See Fig. 1.12) 12.11 Drum Symbols (See Fig. 1.13) 12.12 Reactor Symbol (See Fig. 1.14) 12.13 Ejector Symbol (See Fig. 1.15) 12.14 Tank Symbols (See Fig. 1.16) 12.15 Other Equipment Symbols (See Figs. 1.17 and 1.18) 12.15.1 Atmospheric storage tanks symbols (see Fig. 1.17) 12.15.2 Vessels, incl. pressure storage vessels (see Fig. 1.18) 12.1 Pipeline Symbols

PIPELINE SYMBOLS Fig. 1.1 (a) Note: Stream numbers should be serially denoted by Decimal numbers which are given, as a rule, above a horizontal line or on the right-hand side of a vertical line.

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Jan. 1996 12.1.1 Piping-Pipelines symbols
MAIN PROCESS LINE* Secondary process line and service line Existing line Future line Existing line to be removed underground line

IPS-E-PR-170

PIPING - PIPELINES SYMBOLS Fig. 1.1 (b) Note 1: * Arrow indicates direction of fluid flow. Note 2: The piping abbreviations shall be used to identify the graphical representation of piping components as mentioned in IPS-E-PR- 230. 12.1.2 Piping-Trap functions symbols

TRAP DRAIN ,e,g. CONDENSATE RELEASE, BASIC SYMBOLS

TRAPPED VENT ,e.g. AUTOMATIC AIR VALVE ,BASIC SYMBOLS

STEAM TRAP ASSEMBLY

PIPING - TRAP FUNCTIONS SYMBOLS Fig. 1.2 12.1.3 Piping-General equipment symbols

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PIPING- GENERAL EQUIPMENT SYMBOLS Fig. 1.3 12.2 Shell and Tube Type Heat Exchanger Symbols

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a) Heat Exchanger

b) Cooler

c) Heater

SHELL AND TUBE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER SYMBOLS Fig. 1.4

Note : - Distinction to be made between shell and tube side. - Flow direction of heating medium should be downward. - Flow direction of cooling medium should be upward.

12.3 Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger Symbol

DOUBLE-PIPE HEAT EXCHANGER

DOUBLE-PIPE HEAT EXCHANGER SYMBOL Fig. 1.5

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Jan. 1996 12.4 Reboiler Symbols

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REBOILER SYMBOLS Fig. 1.6

Note: The direction of lines is optional, but the lines denoting the shell and tube side respectively, should cross each other at 90° or 45°.

12.5 Air Fin Cooler Symbols

a) No Automatic Control

b) Fan Pitch Control

c) Louver Control

AIR FIN COOLER SYMBOLS Fig. 1.7

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Jan. 1996 Note:

IPS-E-PR-170

- Where temperature controls must be selected in consideration of various factors, the process engineer will show the control types on the PFD. - There is no distinction between "Forced" and "Induced" AFC (Air Fin Cooler).

12.6 Box Cooler Symbol

BOX COOLER

BOX COOLER SYMBOL Fig. 1.8

12.7 Furnace Symbols

FURNACE SYMBOLS Fig. 1.9 12.8 Pump Symbols

a) Centrifugal Pump

b)Reciprocating Pump

PUMP SYMBOLS Fig. 1.10

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Jan. 1996 Note: - There is no distinction between "Single" or "Multiple" stage. - Drivers need not be shown. 12.9 Compressor, Expander and Blower Symbols

IPS-E-PR-170

a) Centrifugal Compressor

b) Reciprocating Compressor

c) Expander

d) Blower

Compressor Turbine e) Driver Control

COMPRESSOR, EXPANDER AND BLOWER SYMBOLS Fig. 1.11

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Jan. 1996 Notes: - There is no distinction between "Single" or "Multiple" stage. - The intercooler need not be shown. - The driver need not normally be shown.

IPS-E-PR-170

- In the case where the process gas pressure or flow rate is controlled by a driver (speed), it is necessary to show the driver and control system as mentioned above.

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Jan. 1996 12.10 Column Symbols

IPS-E-PR-170

a) Tray Column

b) Swaged Column

c) Packed Column

d) Rotating Disc Contactor

COLUMN SYMBOLS Fig. 1.12 Notes: - Skirts and supports need not be shown. - The trays should be shown pictorially in such a way that their number can be readily determined. Actual numbers should be inserted only in parts which are important from the process point of view. - Special trays such as draw offs, feed trays and those which locate process lines and/or instruments shall be shown. - Packed beds should be shown pictorially in such a way that their number can be readily determined. - Demister pads should be shown pictorially. - It is not necessary to show internals such as distributors, spray nozzles, chimneys, cyclones, partition plates, vortex breakers, etc., except in special cases. - It is not necessary to show tray type such as valve, bubble cap, sieve, grid, etc. 12.11 Drum Symbols

a) Horizontal DRUM SYMBOLS Fig. 1.13 Notes:

b) Vertical

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- Skirts and supports need not be shown. - Demister pad should be shown pictorially. - It is not necessary to show internals such as distributors, vortex breakers, etc., except in special cases. 12.12 Reactor Symbol

REACTOR SYMBOL Fig. 1.14

Notes: - All process streams should be shown. - The catalyst beds should be shown pictorially in such a way that their number can be readily determined. - It is not necessary to show any internals such as fluid distributors.

12.13 Ejector Symbol

EJEC TOR SYMBOL Fig. 1.15

Note: - There is no distinction between "Single" or "Multiple" stage.

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Jan. 1996 12.14 Tank Symb ols

IPS-E-PR-170

a) Con Roof

b) Floating Roof

c) Spherical

TANK SYMBOLS Fig. 1.16

Note: The pressure relieving and vacuum breaking system need not be shown.

12.15 Other Equipment Symbols

12.15.1 Atmospheric storage tanks symbols

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ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANKS SYMBOLS Fig. 1.17 12.15.2 Vessels, incl. pressure storage vessels symbols

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VESSELS, INCL. PRESSURE STORAGE VESSELS SYMBOLS Fig. 1.18

13. SYMBOLS OF OPERATING CONDITIONS

SYMBOLS OF OPERATING CONDITIONS Fig. 2 Note: Decimal numbers should be inserted inside the symbols.

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Jan. 1996 APPENDICES

IPS-E-PR-170

APPENDIX A A TYPICAL TITLE BLOCK

5 4 3 2 1 0 REV.

3/89 12/88 9/88 DATE

NIOC COMMENTS INCORPORATED GENERAL REVISIONS AS PER PFD REVIEW MEETING. ISSUE DESCRIPTION

PREP. CHECK N.I.O.C. DWG. No.

APPD.

SCALE

NONE

NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY REFINERIES ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION

JOB No. SNAMPROGETTI - CHIYODA JOINT VENTURE REVISION BANDAR ABBAS REFINERY TWO STAGES DISTILLATION UNIT (UNIT 01) PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM (CASE 4) PREHEATING TRAIN SECTION

175600

2 DWG. No. 01-GE-B-04341

29


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