当前位置:首页 >> 英语学习 >>

口译笔记符号


O(∩_∩)O 哈哈 口译笔记符号大大大汇总 〓非礼勿盗〓 2009-07-28 17:03 | (分类:好货分 ∩ ∩ 哈哈~口译笔记符号大大大汇总 非礼勿盗〓
享~)

口译听力笔记简写符号

一、地名简写 高级口译听力部分要求考生准确拼写出主要国家的名称和首都。 如果要把每个国家的名称完 整的记录下来.会很费时间。因此,常用国名的记录方法应常记心中,比如 K=Korea, SD= Sweden, SW=Switzerland 等等。 有时还可以借助“|-”来表示东、 南、 中等方位。 西、 北、 例如: Republic of Korea(ROK, the 南朝鲜), 表示为“-K”; 相应的 the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, 北朝鲜) , 就可以表示为“K-”, Central London,表示为 LD。Western Europe(西欧)表示为“|EU”, Eastern Germany (东德)表示为“G|”。 练习: Eastern Europe, South Africa, North China, Western Germany, South Asia,Central Ital

二、缩略词 英语当中缩略词使用的频率很高,如 IMP: important, ASAP: as soon as possible。很显然如 果能熟练掌握缩略词,会对考试大有裨益。 缩略词的写法一般为四种方式:

(一)拿掉所有元音

MKT: MGR: MSG: STD: RCV:

market manager message standard receive

(二)保留前几个字母

INFO INS EXCH I owe you In stead of

information insurance exchange IOU I/O

(三)保留开头和结尾个发音字母

WK RM PL

week room people

(四)根据发音

R THO THRU

are though through

(五)高级口译听力常用英语缩略词表

缩略词

原词

APT ACC ACDG ACPT AD ADS ADV AMAP AMT BAL BLDG CERT CMPE CMU CO. DEPT DISC EXCH EXT INFO I/O IOU MDL MEMO MIN MKT MSG

Apartment Accountant According Accept Advertisement Address Advice As much/many as possible Amount Balance Building Certificate Compete/competitive Communication Company Department Discount Exchange Extent Information In stead of I owe you Model Memorandum Minimum Market Message

PKG PL PLS REF SEC STD TEL THO TKS TRF WT XL

Packing People Please Reference Section Standard Telephone Though Thanks Traffic Weight Extra large

三、字母、图像 o 表示“人”people/person,因为“o”看上去像个人头,它通常被写在一个词或符号的右上角。 例如:日本人:Jo。 C 表示政府,统治:government,govern 希腊字母 C 读/ga:ma/,近似 government, 所以就用 C 来表示 govern, government。 governmental official 可以表示为 CZ P 表示政治:politics, political 希腊字母 P 读/pai/,近似 politics, political。那么 politician 就可以表示为 PZ G 表示效率:efficient, effective。 G 为效率符号。 Q 表示“通货膨胀”:inflation 因为这个符号酷似一个上升的气球。

A 表示农业: agriculture. agriculture 经常用到,所以用首字母代替。 B 表示商业:business。 C× 表示冲突,矛盾:conflict,confrontation “C×”中的“×”表示反对,字母“C”将反对的概念缩小为 conflict 和 confrontation。 W 表示工作,职业: work, employ 等。 它是 work 的第一个字母。 所以 WZ 就可以用来表示 worker, 而 “ Z” (小圆圈)在字母上方表 示 employer, 在字母下方表示 employee。 i 表示工业: industry, industrial 字母 i 像只烟囱,所以用来可以用来表示工业。 U U 看酷似一个酒杯,在笔记中表示合同、协议(treaty, agreement)一般只有在谈判成功、 协议成交后才会表示“举杯祝贺”。 如果在 U 内填入 2,就可以表示为 bilateral(双边的), 填入 3 表示为 trilateral (三边的)。 填入在 U 中填入 1 表示: Unilateralism(单边主义),填入 m (multiple) 表示多边主义。 如果在 U 上加一个“/”表示谈判破裂。 O 表示“国家”、“民族”、“领土”等:country, state, nation, etc. gO 表示进口,Og 表示出口

这个符号酷似一把椅子,可以表示主持、主办:chair, host, preside over。 那么在此符号上加 Z 表示主席,主持人:chairman, host, etc. T 表示“领导人”:leader, head 那么 head of government, head of company 便可以表示为 CT

⊙ 圆圈表示一个圆桌,中间一点表示一盆花,这个符号就可以表示会议、开会等:meeting, conference, negotiation,seminar,discussion,symposium ∞ 这个符号看上像条鱼,所以表示“捕鱼业”等合 fishery 有关的词汇。 O 圆圈代表地球,横线表示赤道,所以这个符号就可以表示国际的、世界的、全球的等: international, worldwide, global, universal, etc. J 表示开心:pleasant, joyful,happy,excited, etc. L 表示不满、生气 unsatisfied, discomfort, angry, sad, etc. EO 表示听到、众所周之:as we all know, as is known to all, as you have already heard of, etc. O 表示漠不关心、无动于衷:indifferent, apathetic, unconcern, don’t care much, etc.

四、箭头 g 表示到达、传达:go into,arrive at,give to,send to,present to etc. 表示导致、引导:lead to, result in, in the direction of, etc. 表示屈服:submit to f 表示来自于:be/come from,return,receive from, etc. 表示追溯到:come/go back to,originate h 表示上升:up/upward/rise,increase,arise,ascend, etc. 表示发射、投放市场、发行:launch,open, start, etc.

表示发展、加强、推进:develop,strengthen, promote, etc

表示“波折”:ups and downs, twists and turns, roller coaster, etc.

五、数学符号 + 表示“多”: many, lots of, a great deal of, a good many of, etc. ++(+2) 表示“多”的比较级:more +3 表示“多”的最高级:most

- 表示“少”: little, few, lack ,in short of/ be in shortage of etc. × 表示“错误”、“失误”和“坏”的概念:wrong/incorrect,something bad,notorious,negative, etc. > 表示“多于”概念:bigger/larger/greater/more than/better than, etc. 表示“高” 概念:superior to,surpass, etc. < 表示“少于”概念:less/smaller,etc. 表示“低”概念:inferior to,etc. = 表示“同等”概念:means,that is to say, in other words,the same as,be equal to, etc. 表示“对手”概念:a match, rival, competitor, counterpart, etc. () 表示“在......之间”:among, within, etc.

≠ 表示“不同”概念:be different from, etc. 表示“无敌”概念:matchless, peerless, etc.

~ 表示“大约”概念:about/around,or so, approximately, etc. / 表示“否定”,“消除”等概念:cross out, eliminate, etc.

六、标点等 : 表示各种各样“说”的动词:say, speak, talk, marks, announce, declare, etc. ? 表示“问题”:question,issue,例如:台湾问题:tw? . (dot) 这个“.”点的位置不同表示的概念也不一样 “.d”表示 yesterday, “.y”表示 last year, “.2m”表示 two month ago。Wk 表示 week “y”表示 this year, “y2.” two year later “next week”, 可以表示为“wk.”

∧ 表示转折 but yet however √ 表示“好的”状态,right/good,famous/well-known,etc. 表示“同意”状态,stand up for,support, agree with sb, certain/ affirmative, etc.

☆ 表示“重要的”状态:important,exemplary(模范的) best,outstanding,brilliant,etc. n 表示“交流”状态:exchange,mutual, etc. &

表示“和”,“与”:and,together with,along with, accompany,along with,further more, etc. ∥ 表示“结束”:end,stop,halt,bring sth to a standstill/stop, etc.

七、较长单词的处理办法 -ism 简写为 m 例如:socialism Sm -tion 简写为 n 例如:standardization (标准化) stdn -cian 简写为 o 例如:technician techo -ing 简写为 g 例如:marketing (市场营销) MKTg -ed 简写为 d 例如:accepted acptd -ment 简写为 mt 例如:amendment amdmt -able/ible/ble 简写为 bl 例如:available

avbl -ful 简写为 fl 例如:meaningful mnfl 出自: http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_4b901a8601009p4o.html~type=v5_one&label=rela_next article

口译笔记符号(若干)
新东方听力口语部 龚学众 翻译笔记原则: 学会一字等于一句,看一字想一句,看一句知一句。 一. 以符号代文字 以下各符号均可在记录中代替文字 1. 数学符号 equal: = boost, improve, enhance, strengthen : ↗ plus: + minus: — times: x divided by: ÷ degree: ℃ percent: % per thousand: ‰ between:|.| because, because of, due to: ∵ therefore, so, as a result, consequently: ∵ plus or minus: ± versus, the ratio of, divided by : : so on, etc, and so forth : ··· is (much) greater/bigger/larger/faster/quicker/heavier/older… than; superior to, surpass:> is (much) less/smaller/lighter/younger/fewer/inferior to/worse than…: < not equal to :?

not less than: varies as, in direct proportion to: ∝或∞ parallel, is parallel to : ‖ right angle: ∟ perpendicular, is perpendicular to: ⊥ circle, circumference: ○ ellipse: 0 diameter: θ triangle, delta : △ pressure, influence:⊥(竖线为向下箭头) approximately, about, nearly, around,almost: ≈ as always, 一直,总是, 一贯:≡ into: contact, exchanges:∞ conflicts, disputes, contradictions: >< 波折:<< belong to, is of ,of: ∈ victory, win, success : V by, with, %, in: / as always, hold on, persist, insist on : ≡ wonder, miracle : ! About: @ On the one hand: ? On the other hand: ? Relation, relationship: & Future: Not agree: N Agree: Y Fine, good: + Better, much better: ++ Bad, weak: Worse, weaker: - In conclusion : => Empty: O

Representative, delegation, delegation: △ 2. 货币: sterling, pound: £ US dollar: US$ renminbi: RMB: ¥ Australian dollars: #A Austrian schillings: Sch Canadian dollars: Can$ Eurodollar: New Zealand dollars: NZ$ Japanese yen: 3.时间: 时: hour: hr minute: ' second: ’’ 早:d 中:d 晚:d 日: the day before yesterday: ”d yesterday: ’d today: d tomorrow: d’ the day after tomorrow: d’ ’ day by day, everyday: dd 夜: last night:’n tonight: n next night: n’ 周: the week before last: ”w last week: ’w this week: w next week: w ’ the week after next : w’’ 周日: Monday: 1w Tuesday: 2w Wednesday: 3w Thursday: 4w

Friday: 5w Saturday: 6w Sunday: 7w 月: the month before last: ”m last month: ’m this month: m next month: m’ the month after next: m’’ 月初: 月中: 12 月上旬、中旬、月底/下旬:12、12、 12 月份: January: 1m February: 2m March: 3m April: 4m May: 5m June: 6m July: 7m August: 8m September: 9m October: 10m November: 11m December: 12dm 年: last year: ’y this year: y next year: y’ the year after next: y’’ 年初:y 年中:y 年底:y 1949 年前:/49 1949 年后:49/ 1949 年底:49 世纪:C uo to now, until: ┫ since,ever since: ┠ 山水之间:ω?∽ 国内外: 4.度量衡:

meter: m centimeter: cm minimeter: mm mile: mi nautical mile: nm inch: in. foot: ft knot: kt acre: A 5.数字: ①数字全用阿拉伯数字代替 ②000:, 例如,65000:65,; 7000000:7,, 1978: ’78 (3) 00: . , 例如,700: 7. 6.介词、连词: because, because of, due to: ∵ therefore, so, as a result, consequently: ∵ about: around,: ≈ above, on, over:某文字或符号上加一点·,如“河上: after: |, 例如,20 年以后: 20y? against: as: at:ゝ before, beyond, in front of: ·| 例如,20 年以:? 20y below, beneath, under: 某文字或符号下加一点·,如“水下:~符号下加·” between: |·| but:/ for:4 inside, within,include : ( ) out of: therefore, so, as a result, consequently: ∵ to: → up: ↑ with: + 7.变化: 增,升,加,长,上: arise, ascend, climb, develop, grow, rise, go up, , get up, increase, roar, skyrocket,soar, strengthen, up: ↑ 降,减,下: down, to, decline,descend, drop,fall, go down, reduce, shrink: ↓ and,in addition to, furthermore, further, more: +

8.来往: arrive in, cause, come to,export to, give to, lead to, present to, result to, send to, submit to:→ come from, import from, receive from: ← 9.好坏、好恶: bad, wrong, faulty, false, hate, notorious, incorrect: x accept, agree, certain, correct, famous,fine, good, like, love, right, affirmative, satisfy, sure, want, well-known:√ 例如,“我赞成你的观点:I √ ur · ” 10.辩论,说,观点、协议: ①comment, say, speak: ∶ ②观点 viewpoint、看法、难点,point:·,如“我说几点:I :几·”, ③agreement, accord, treaty, contract: ∪,例如:双边协议:2∪ 11.公用标志: copy right: registered mark: 12.会见、会议: conference, discussion, meet, meeting, negotiation, seminar, workshop:⊙,例如:三边圆 桌会议:3⊙ 13.国家、政治、民族: ①country, state, nation: □ ②政府:zf ③leader, manager, president, schoolmaster, director:∧ 14。江河湖海水: ocean, sea, river, lake, brook, stream: ~ 15:桌,椅,凳,几,床,楼,房: ︹,如:“在椅子上:︹(上加一短横)”,“在桌子下:︹ (下加一短横)” 16.all in all, finally, in conclusion, in a word, totally: Σ 17.hills, mountain: ω, 如“ 山上: “ω”上加一点; “爬山:/ω” 18.look, look after, look into, investigate, witness: 横椭圆中间加一点,如“我今天来看看: I d (横椭圆中间加一点) u” 19. anger, excited, happy: ! 20. why when, where, which, who, how: ? 加最后一个字母 ,例如,“你去哪:? U →”特殊符号: and, with, together with, accompany : + too, to, two: 2 include, inclusive, including, among, inside, within : ( ) maintaining peace and stability: ◎ 二. 以首字母代文字 ac: aircraft

as soon as possibly: asap as early as possible: aesp at least: al carbon copy: cc care of: c/o 上海:SH 北京:BJ 联合国儿童基金会:UNICEF 联合国教科文组织:UNESCO 。。。。。。 三. 中英(符号)混合代文字 资本主义:资’ 四个现代化:4m peace-keeping: 维 p oppose, against, disagree: o 反, a 反, d 反 第三世界:3w 三维: 3D 中国人:ch 人 四. 以缩写代文字 acknowledge: ack advice: adv after: aft extra: x …… 五. 以汉字代英文 sentence: 句 …… 六. 以前三个字母代替长单词 cor= corporation …… 七.特简符号: for: 4 …… 出自:http://www.drivehq.com/web/vaishravana_2/43.html

口译笔记速记符号归总
1. Note-taking symbols and abbreviations for your reference: Abbreviations in Note taking Use only the abbreviations that fit your needs and that you will remember easily. A good idea is to introduce only a few abbreviations into your note taking at a time.

Symbols helpful in math -- these are commonly used in texts and references. S = sum f = frequency Leave out periods in standard abbreviations. cf = compare e.g. = example dept = department Use only the first syllable of a word. pol = politics dem = democracy lib = liberal cap = capitalism Use entire first syllable and only 1st letter of 2nd syllable. pres = presentation subj = subject ind = individual cons = conservative Eliminate final letters. Use just enough of the word to form a recognizable abbreviation. assoc = associate biol = biology info = information ach = achievement chem = chemistry max = maximum intro = introduction conc = concentration min = minimum rep = repetition Omit vowels, retain only enough consonants to give a recognizable skeleton of the word. ppd = prepared prblm = problem estmt = estimate bkgd = background gvt = government Use an apostrophe in place of letters. am't = amount cont'd = continued gov't = government

educat'l

=

educational

Form the plural of a symbol or abbreviated word by adding s. chpts = chapters egs = examples fs = frequencies intros = introductions Use g to represent ing endings. ckg = checking estg = establishing decrg = decreasing exptg = experimenting Spell out short words such as in, at, to, but, for, and key. Abbreviations or symbols for short words will make the notes too dense with shorthand. Leave out unimportant words. Leave out the words a and the. If a term, phrase, or name is written out in full during the lecture, substitute initials whenever the term, phrase, or name is used again. For example, Center for Aerospace Sciences becomes CAS thereafter. Use symbols for commonly recurring connective or transitional words. & = and w/ = with w/o = without vs = against \ = therefore = = is or equal Use technical symbols where applicable. zb = German, for example ibid = Latin, the same work o = degrees H2O = water More reference: Use standard maths, accounting, and science symbols. Examples: + plus // parallel Use standard abbreviations and leave out full stops. Examples:

eg example IT dept Information Technology department UK United Kingdom Use only the first syllable of a word. Examples: mar marketing cus customer cli client Use the entire first syllable and the first letter of the second syllable. Examples: subj subject budg budget ind individual To distinguish among various forms of the same word, use the first syllable of the word, an apostrophe, and the ending of the word. Examples: tech'gy technology gen'ion generalisation del'y delivery Use just enough of the beginning of a word to form a recognisable abbreviation. Examples: assoc associated ach achievement info information Omit vowels from the middle of words, retaining only enough consonants to provide a recognisable skeleton of the word. Examples: bkgd background mvmt movement prblm problem Form the plural of a symbol or abbreviated word by adding 's.' Examples: custs customers fs frequencies /s ratios Use 'g' to represent 'ing' endings. Examples: decrg decreasing ckg checking estblg establishing Spell out, rather than abbreviate short words. Examples: in ,but ,as ,key Leave out unimportant verbs. Examples: is ,was ,were Leave out unnecessary articles. Examples: a ,an ,the If a term, phrase, or name is initially written out in full during the talk or meeting, initials can be substituted whenever the term, phrase, or name is used again. Example: January Advertising Campaign Budget JACB Use symbols for common connective or transition words. Examples: @ at

2 to 4 for & and w/ with w/o without vs against Create your own set of abbreviations and symbols. You may wish to develop separate sets of symbols and abbreviations for different courses or subjects. Other Symbols and Abbreviations as a result of / consequences of <---> resulting in ---> and / also + equal to / same as = following ff most importantly * less than < greater than > especially esp/ (后面重复的就不打了……英文版的相信各位考口译的有这个能力看明白^_^) 出自:http://tr.hjenglish.com/page/15794/?page=1

口译笔记技巧与符号 英文版
==== Ask yourself ==== 1.Did I use complete sentences? They are generally a waste of time. 2.Did I use any form at all? Are my notes clear or confusing? 3.Did I capture main points and all subpoints? 4.Did I streamline using abbreviations and shortcuts? If you answered no to any of these questions, you may need to develop some new note-taking skills! ==== Guidelines for Note-Taking ==== 1.Concentrate on the lecture or on the reading material. 2.Take notes consistently. 3.Take notes selectively. Do NOT try to write down every word. Remember that the average lecturer speaks approximately 125-140 words per minute, and the average note-taker writes at a rate of about 25 words per minute. 4.Translate ideas into your own words. 5.Organize notes into some sort of logical form. 6.Be brief. Write down only the major points and important information. 7.Write legibly. Notes are useless if you cannot read them later! 8.Don't be concerned with spelling and grammar.

==== Ways to Reduce and Streamline Notes ==== Eliminate small connecting words such as: is, are, was, were, a, an, the, would, this, of. Eliminate pronouns such as: they, these, his, that, them. However, be careful NOT to elimate these three words: and, in, on. Use symbols to abbreviate, such as: +, & for and, plus = for equals - for minus # for number x for times > for greater than, more, larger < for less than, smaller, fewer than w/ for with w/o for without w/in for within ----> for leads to, produces, results in <---- for comes from / for per For example: "The diameter of the Earth is four times greater than the diameter of the Moon." Becomes: "Earth = 4x > diameter of Moon." Substitute numerals with symbols, for instance: Substitute "one" with 1 Substitute "third" with 3rd Abbreviate: Drop the last several letters of a word. For example, substitute "appropriate" with "approp." Drop some of the internal vowels of a word. For example, substitute "large" with "lrg." 出自:http://i.cn.yahoo.com/hollywyy1984/blog/p_324/

口译笔记常用符号及其含义
> < + - = 大于,多于,好于,优于 小于,少于,差于,劣于 加之,加上,表示补充 减去,除去 即,等于,相当于

≠ 不等于,不相当,不是 ≈ 大约 △ 重要的(人或事),重要性 ↑ 增加,发展,升高 ↓ 减少,下降,恶化 → 导致,(出口)到,指向…… ← 由……导致,(进口)自…… ∵ 因为,由于,多亏 ∴ 所以,结果 √ 对,正确,好 × 表示否定,不……,没奏效 __ 加在词下,强调程度。如“严重”表示非常严重、极其严重 / 在内容上画斜杠表示否定 ∈ 属于 ∑ 总和 ! 惊叹,奇迹,需特别注意 ? 问题,疑惑,难题 : 认为,希望 * 表示一个想法,或表示重要的、优秀的 @ 关于 J 笑脸表示高兴,荣幸,好现象 L 苦脸表示难过,悲伤,忧虑,不满 ○3 看似人头和耳朵,表示听说 ° 右上角的圈,表示人,如中°,科° ⊥ 代表……,(打)基础 □ 国家 ○ 地球,世界 ⊙ 会议 h 看似椅子,表示主持,h°即主持人,主席 ∪ 协议,在下凹处写 2 表示双边,3 表示三方


相关文章:
口译笔记速记符号归总及笔记技巧.doc
标签: 符号| 速记| 口译|口译笔记速记符号归总及笔记技巧_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。口译笔记速记符号归总及笔记技巧,仅作参考,根据本身情况自行改良 ...
口译笔记符号大汇总.doc
口译笔记符号大汇总 - 口译笔记符号大汇总 一. 地名简写 原词 Korea S
口译笔记符号汇总.doc
口译笔记符号汇总_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区。上海中高级口译口试笔记符号汇总 口译笔记符号大汇 总一. 地名简写 原词 Korea Switzerland the Republic of 速记...
英语口译 笔记符号汇总参考.doc
英语口译 笔记符号汇总参考 - 口译符号 一、做口译笔记时的注意事项 1.口译笔
口译笔记符号大汇总(超全整理版,方便直接背诵).doc
口译笔记符号大汇总(超全整理版,方便直接背诵) - 口译笔记符号大汇总 一. 地
口译笔记符号_图文.ppt
口译笔记符号 - 口译成功与否在很大程度上取决于译员在口译 表达前对感知的信息进
口译笔记符号大汇总(超全整理版_方便直接背诵).pdf
口译笔记符号大汇总(超全整理版_方便直接背诵) - 口译笔记符号大汇总 一. 地
口译笔记常用符号.doc
口译笔记常用符号_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。常用符号 (一)数学符号 + 表
口译常用笔记符号.txt
口译常用笔记符号 - 1. 常用笔记符号: 符号 信息意义 箭头符号 ↑ 上升;
口译笔记法符号汇总(超级全面).doc
口译笔记符号汇总(超级全面) - 一、地名简写 高级口译听力部分要求考生准确拼
口译笔记速记符号大全.doc
口译笔记速记符号大全 - 口译笔记速记符号归总 1. Note-taking s
口译笔记符号_图文.ppt
口译笔记符号 - Note-taking in Interpreting The
重要口译笔记符号.doc
重要口译笔记符号 - 1.缩略(Abbreviations) AMAP尽可能
口译笔记常用符号及含义.doc
口译笔记惯用符号 2页 1财富值如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此处进行反馈。 口译笔记常用符号及含义 隐藏>> 口译网 ...
英语口译常用的笔记符号.doc
英语口译常用的笔记符号 - 英语口译常用的笔记符号 Note-taking symbols and abbreviations for your reference 一、做口译笔记时的注意事项...
口译笔记速记符号归总.doc
口译笔记速记符号归总 - 口译笔记速记符号归总 1. Note-taking s
中级口译笔记符号_图文.ppt
中级口译笔记符号 - 数学符号 >:大于,高过,高于;surpass, e
口译笔记速记符号归总.doc
口译笔记速记符号归总 - 口译笔记速记符号归总 Note-taking is t
中级口译笔记符号.doc
中级口译笔记符号 - 这些符号是自己原创与借鉴的成果。很多原创的符号还在笔记本上
口译笔记 图例和符号(转载).doc
口译笔记 图例和符号(转载) - Note taking 1. Note-tak
更多相关标签: