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2015年英语高考全国各地完形填空试题汇编 (含答案)


2016 年全国各地高考完形填空汇编
一、 完型填空高考考察的能力:

二、 完型填空考察内容
1、1、词汇:某些词义的识别,同义词辨析。英语习惯用法的熟悉程度。

2、2、语法结构:语法规则的实际应用。 3、3、语篇句意:从语篇角度,即上下文和情景语境综合测试考生的阅读理解能力 4. 逻辑推理和生活常识

三、考试题型
(一)词汇题:单纯地考单词或短语的释义: 固定短语搭配题: With it, astronauts will acquire a workhouse vehicle ____ of flyingsintosspace and returning many times. A. capable B. suitable C. efficient D. fit 答案:A. (二)语法题:语法结构题,主要是考结构词:代词、介词和从句连接词。 4.Moreover, inaccurate or indefinite words may make ____ difficult for the listener to understand the message which is being transmitted to him. (’94) A. that B. it C. so D. this 答案:B. (三)语篇题:

文章的上下文决定所缺处所选择的词.这一考点要求学生根据文章的整体内容进行理解,根 据层次结构和内容的逻辑关系,去选择符合文章情节的答案,这也叫情景意义的选择. 5.Getting enough vitamins is essential to life, although the body has no nutritional use for excess vitamins. Many people ____ believe in being on the "safe side" and thus take extra vitamins. (96) A. nevertheless B. therefore C. moreover D. meanwhile 答案:A.

四、完型填空的解题技巧
1、充满信心,沉着冷静。 2、精读第一句 它是了解全文大意的基石.完形填空文章的第一句话通常是没有空白的完整句子, 而且第一句 往往是文章的主题句(Topic Sentence),或是含有主题词的句子,考生可以根据它来把握文章的中 心思想,为下面答题奠定基础。 这里,首先我们 要知道英文的主题句的特点。一个有效的主题句应该有以下两个标准: 1.Topic:主题或议题。明确指示段落的内容,起到限定主题范围的作用。 2.Opinion:反映作者对待主题的观点、印象、态度,起到限定段落基调的作用。 知道了英文主题句的特点之后,我们在阅读完型填空文章的第一句话时,就不应该只是读 懂其字面中文意思,而是要透过首句来预测文章的中心内容,为接下来做题把准方向。例如: The first and smallest unit that can be discussed in relation to language is the word. 这就是一句非常有效的主题句。 据此, 我们可以大胆地预测文章的主题是讨论"词汇(word)" 与"语言表达(language)"的关系。作者的态度通 过"first and smallest"就说明作者认为"词汇"对于" 语言"的重要意义。实际上,该篇文章的确是围绕"词汇"与"语言"的关系展开的。 3.通读全文,掌握大意,粗选答案 有相当一部分同学在没有通读全文、弄懂大意的情况下 就急忙边阅读边依空选择。这是一 种不良的答题习惯。而且那些错误的答案会在大脑中先入为主,在复查时很难发现,同学们在 做题之前必须先集中精力将短文精读两遍,掌握其大意,同时要记住短文里的人物、时间或地 点,尤其要注意首句和尾句的含义。这样,答题时才能心中有数。此时可以边阅读边粗选答案, 这是为了尽量减少空格,帮助更透彻地了解全文. 4、从上下文寻找信息词 完形填空所选的文章都是具有逻辑关系、意义相联的语篇,而词语的重复出现、同义词和 反义词的使用是重要的连句成篇的词汇纽带,因此,在行文中不可避免地会出现词语的复现、 前后同义词、反义词相互照应等现象。 警示:考生在答题时,不要急于求成。而要充分利用上下文信息词,在继续阅读中寻找和 斟酌答案。 充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句。这些词有时可能是同 义词或反义词。例如: 1)Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very very _. A. deep B. high C. cold D. dangerous 根据转折连词 but 的提示,所填入的词应与 shallow 相反,因此答案为 A。 2)Mrs O’Neill asked __ questions and she didn’t scold us either. A. no B. certain C. many D. more

and 是一个并列连词;either 为副词,用在否定句或否定词后加强语势,由此可以确定所填的词 也应是一个否定意义的词,因此答案是 A。 5.形意结合,前后参照 完形填空所要求填的答案在意义上必须和短文内容相符,形式上必须符合语法规则和习惯 用法。有些同学之所以失分较多,其中一个很重要的原因就是顾此失彼。同学们在选择答案时, 应先从意义上判断其是否与短文内容相吻合,然后再从形式 上(如时态、主谓一致、固定搭配 等)判断所选答案是否恰当,前后参照,连贯考虑,提高选择的准确率。 比如: Was she is a young chimpanzee(黑猩猩). She is no 41 chimpanzee, though. Scientists are doing a research 42 her . They want to see how civilized she can 43 . Already she does many things a human being can do.(95NMET) 41 空的选项是 foolish/ordinary/special/simple,均为形容词,都能修饰 chimpanzee, 根据下文, 此 黑猩猩在接受驯化,已经能做人能做的许多事,从而便可确定,她不再是普通的(ordinary)黑猩猩了. 如果不前后参照,去辨别四个词的用法,是无法选出正确答案的. 6.先易后难,迂回解题 做完形填空时,对于一时没有把握的题目,可以采用“迂回战术”,在题号前标上记号,先绕 过去做下面的题目。在做完较容易的题目之后再回过头来思考那些难题,同时把已确定好了的 答案代入短文,帮助理解。这样,也许难题就不难了。 7、把握文章组织结构 主要是针对语篇题。 做题时,要把准文章作者发展脉络,文章的起承转合,要注意段落与段落之间,句与句之 间的内在逻辑联系,领悟暗示,选对答案。 Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened __21__. As was discussed before, it was not __22__ the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic __23__. (2002) 21. A. between B. before C. since D. later 22. A. after B. by C. during D. until 23. A. means B. method C. medium D. measure 答案:21. A. 22. D. 23. C 分析:我们注意到文章讲了两个时间:20 世纪和 15、16 世纪,而 19 世纪显然是处在两者 之间,故 21 填 between。22 题是一语法结构题,固定结 构:It was not until---that---。23 题属 于前面介绍的"信息词"题。 上文中出现的: television, printing, newspaper 均说明该题应填 medium 8.了解生活常识,确定相关知识。 Every morning she would give him breakfast in bed and bring him the paper to 30 (1998) A. check B.read C. keep D.sign 分析: 外国人早上有读报的习惯,其中 paper 即为报纸.这是理解本文细节的关键,有了这些文化 背景知识,可迅速推断出正确答案为 9.必要时采用排除法,根据已知条件和信息去推断未知事物 10.全文贯通,复查核定

做完题目后, 要仔细复查核定。 全方位,多角度地检查所选答案,看能否使全文连贯畅通,内容清晰, 主题突出.对于个别拿不准的答案, 应根据语感完成.复查可以采用两种方法:1.不看已选的答案, 再 把所有的题目做一遍,然后看看两个答案是否一致,如不一致,再仔细比较鉴别;2.把答案 代入短文细读一遍,看所选答案是否与短文整体相吻合,再把每个空白 处与它相对应的 4 个答 案一一对照。

总结完型填空的做题方法:

1、1、充满信心,沉着冷静。 6、先易后难,迂回解题 2、2、精读第一句 7、7、把握文章组织结构 3、通读全文,掌握大意,粗选答案 8 8、了解生活常识,确定相关知识。 4、从上下文寻找信息词 9、必要时采用排除法,根据已知条件 5、形意结合,前后参照 和信息去推断未知事物 10、全文贯通,复查核定

做题三忌
做题三忌:
? 急于求成,未通读全文便忙于答题,不了解文意,无整体概念边读 边填,两眼忙于空白与选项之间,欲速则不达。 ? 只抠字眼,语法,不顾文意,抓不住关键。 ? 断章取义,就题论题,不管前后联系,互不照应,前后矛盾。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)
In our modern world, when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one. The 36 is that countries around the world have growing mountains of 37 because peopleare throwing out more rubbish than ever before. How did we 38 a throwaway society? First of all, it is now easier to 39 an object than to spend time and money to repair it. 40 modern manufacturing (制造业) and technology, companies are able to produce products quickly and inexpensively. Products are plentiful and 41 . Another cause is our42 of disposable (一次性的) products.As 43 people,we are always looking for 44 to save time and make our lives easier. Companies 45 thousands of different kinds

of disposable products: paper plates, plastic cups, and cameras, to name a few. Our appetite for new products also 46 to the problem. We are 47 buying new things. Advertisements persuade us that 48 is better and that we will be happier with the latest products. The result is that we 49 useful possessions to make room for new ones. All around the world, we can see the 50 of this throwaway lifestyle. Mountains of rubbish just keep getting bigger. To 51 the amount of rubbish and to protect the 52 , more governments are requiring people to recycle materials. 53 , this is not enough to solve (解决) our problem. Maybe there is another way out. We need to repair our possessions 54 throwing them away. We also need to rethink our attitudes about 55. Repairing our possessions and changing our spending habits may be the best way to reduce the amount of rubbish and take care of our environment. 36. A. key 37. A. gifts 38. A. face 39. A. hide 40. A. Thanks to 41. A. safe 42. A. love 43. A. sensitive 44. A. ways 45. A. donate 46. A. adapts 47. A. tired of 48. A. newer 49. A. pick up B. reason B. rubbish B. become B. control B. As to B. funny B. lack B. kind B. places B. receive B. returns B. addicted to B. stronger B. pay for C. project C. debt C. observe C. replace C. Except for C. cheap C. prevention C. brave C. jobs C. produce C. responds C. worried about C. higher C. hold onto C. functions C. decrease C. consumers C. Therefore C. after D. problem D. products D. change D. withdraw D. Regardless of D. powerful D. division D. busy D. friends D. preserve D. contributes D. ashamed for D. larger D. throw away D. consequences D. measure D. brands D. Meanwhile D. instead of

50. A. advantages B. purposes 51. A. show B. record

52. A. technology B. environment 53. A. However 54. A. by B. Otherwise B. in favour of

55. A. spending 【答案】

B. collecting

C. repairing

D. advertising

36. D 37. B 38. B 39. C 40. A 41. C 42. A 43. D 44. A 45. C 46. D 47. B 48. A 49. D 50. D 51. C 52. B 53. A 54. D 55. C 【解析】 试题分析:文章主要讲的是堆积如山的垃圾给环境带来的影响。随着社会的发展,人们倾向 于扔掉用旧了的东西,以新物品取而代之。而且,包装盒等一次性产品给人们带来方便的同 时,也给环境带来很大的压力。 36. D 考查名词辨析。A 答案;B 原因;C 项目;D 问题。根据第二行“the world...”可知,出 现的问题是垃圾堆积如山,故选 D。 37. B 考查名词辨析。A 礼物;B 垃圾;C 债务;D 产品。句意:因为人们现在扔掉很多垃 圾,因此,垃圾堆积成了山,故选 B。 38. B 考查动词辨析。句意:A 面对;B 变得;C 观察,庆祝;D 改变。根据“first of all...” 可知,这里讲的是乱扔垃圾的原因,故选 B。 39. C 考查动词辨析。A 躲藏;B 控制;C 代替;D 撤退,收回。句意:与花时间和钱修理 相比,现在更容易更换物品,故选 C。 40. A 考查短语辨析。A 多亏;B 至于;C 除了;D 不管。句意:多亏了当代制造业和技术, 公司能够更快地生产产品,成本也降低很多,故选 A。

51. C 考查动词辨析。A 显示,展示;B 记录;C 减少;D 测量。句意:越来越多的政府要 求人们循环使用物品,这样做是为了减少垃圾,故选 C。 52. B 名词辨析。A 技术;B 环境;C 消费者;D 品牌。要求人们循环利用也是为了保护环 境,故选 B。 53. A 考查副词辨析。A 然而;B 要不然;C 因此;D 同时。句意:然而,只是要求人们循 环利用是远远不够的,故选 A。 54. D 考查介词辨析。A 通过;B 支持;C 在......之后;D 代替,而不是。句意:我们需要修 理我们的财物,而不是扔掉它们,故选 D。 55. C 考查动词辨析。A 花费,度过;B 收集;C 修理;D 宣传。句意:我们也需要重新考 虑对修理的态度,根据下句“repairing...”可知答案,故选 C。 考点:社会类短文阅读

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(福建卷)
One of the easiest things in the world is to become a fault-finder. However, life can be 36 when you are not busy finding fault with it. Several years ago I 37 a letter from seventeen-year-old Kerry, who described herself as a world-class fault-finder, almost always 38 by things. People were always doing things that annoyed her, and 39 was ever good enough. She was highly self-critical and also found fault with her friends. She became a really 40 person. Unfortunately, it took a horrible accident to change her 41 Her best friend was seriously hurt in a car crash. What made it almost 42 to deal with was that the day before the 43 , Kerry had visited her friend and had spent the whole time criticizing her 44 of boyfriends, the way she was living, the way she related to her mother, and various other things she felt she needed to 45 It wasn't until her friend was badly hurt that Kerry became 46 her habit of finding fault. Very quickly, she learned to appreciate life rather than to 47 everything so harshly ( 刻薄) . She was able to transfer her new wisdom to other parts of her 48 as well. Perhaps most of us aren't as extreme at fault-finding, 49 when we're honest, we can be sharply 50 of the world. I'm not suggesting you 51 problems, or that you pretend things are 52 than they are, but simply that you learn to allow things to be as they are— 53 most of the time, and especially when it's not a really big 54 . Train yourself to "bite your tongue" , and with a little 55, you'll get really good at letting things go. And when you do, you'll get back your enthusiasm and love for life. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. lonely received threatened anything caring attitude urgent occasion memory B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. great answered interrupted everything boring plan unnecessary event notice C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. quiet expected bothered something interesting measure certain accident evidence D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. uneasy rejected spoiled nothing surprising explanation impossible adventure choice

45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.

A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.

hear aware of discuss family so proud face rarer at least task practice

B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B.

contribute afraid of realize life or sure create better at last deal speech

C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C.

express

D.

admit

curious about D. confused about judge career but hopeful solve stranger by far result rest D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D settle education for critical ignore worse so far duty pity

【答案】 36.B 37.A 38.C 39.D 40.B 41.A 42.D 43.C 44.D 45.C 46.A 47.C 48.B 49.C 50.D 51.D 52.B 53.A 54.B 55.A

37.A 考查动词辨析 A.received 接受;B.answered 回答;C.expected 期望;D.rejected 排斥。 几年以前,我收到一个来自 17 岁女孩 kerry 的信。故选 A 38. C 考查动词辨析 A.threatened 威胁; B.interrupted 打扰; C.bothered 麻烦; D.spoiled 娇惯。 这个叫做 Kerry 的女孩说自己是一个世界级的找错者,她总是被各种事情困扰着。故选 C 39.D 考查不定代词辨析 A.anything 任何事;B.everything 每一件事;C.something 某事; D.nothing 没有事。人们总是做着那些惹她恼怒的事情,没有一件事是好的,故选 D 40.B 考查形容词辨析 A.caring 关心的;B.boring 糟糕的;C.interesting 有趣的;D.surprising 令人惊奇的。 她具有高度的自我批评精神,她也会对自己的朋友挑毛病。她成为了一个非 常糟糕的人。故选 B 41.A 考查名词辨析 A.attitude 态度;B.plan 计划;C.measure 措施;D.explanation 解释。不

幸的,一场恐怖的事故发生改变了她的态度。故选 A 42 . D 考查形容词辨析 A.urgent 经济的; B.unnecessary 不必要的; C.certain 确定的; D.impossible 不可能的。她最好的朋友在一场车祸中受伤很严重,让事情处理起来变得不可 能的事情是,发生事故的前一天 Kerry 拜访了她的朋友…故选 D 43.C 考查名词辨析 A.occasion 场合;B.event 事项;C.accident 事故;D.adventure 冒险。她 最好的朋友在一场车祸中受伤很严重, 让事情处理起来变得不可能的事情是, 发生事故的前 一天,Kerry 拜访了她的朋友,在这期间全程批评了她选择男朋友的眼光…故选 C 44.D 考查名词辨析 A.memory 记忆;B.notice 注意;C.evidence 证据;D.choice 选择。发生 事故的前一天,Kerry 拜访了她的朋友,在这期间全程批评了她选择男朋友的眼光、她生活 的方式、她与母亲联络时候的方式,还有各种其他她认为她需要表达的…故选 D 45.C 考查动词辨析 A.hear 听;B.contribute 贡献;C.express 表达;D.admit 承认、许可。发 生事故的前一天,Kerry 拜访了她的朋友,在这期间全程批评了她选择男朋友的眼光、她生 活的方式、她与母亲联络时候的方式,还有各种其他她认为她需要表达的。故选 C 46. A 考查短语辨析 A.aware of 注意; B.afraid of 担心; C.curious about 对…好奇; D.confused about 对…迷惑。直到他的朋友受了重伤,Kerry 才注意到她挑毛病的习惯。故选 A

50.D 考查形容词辨析 A.proud 骄傲的;B.sure 确定的;C.hopeful 有希望的;D.critical 批 判的。可能我们中的大多数都不会极端的的寻找错误,但是当我们诚实的面对的时候,我们 可以尖锐的批判这个世界。故选 D 51.D 考查动词辨析 A.face 面对;B.create 创造;C.solve 解决;D.ignore 忽略。我并不是在 建议你无视问题。故选 D 52. B 考查形容词比较级辨析 A.rarer 更稀罕的; B.better 更好的; C.stranger 更奇怪的; D.worse 更坏的。我也不是在建议你假装事物比它们自身更好。故选 B 53.A 考查短语辨析 A.at least 至少;B.at last 最后;C.by far 到现在为止;D.so far 迄今为止。 至少在大多数时间里,你学着容忍事物的原态。故选 A

54.B 考查名词辨析 A.task 任务;B.deal 处理、交易;C.result 计划;D.duty 责任。尤其是 当这不是一个特别大的事情。故选 B 55.A 考查名词辨析 A.practice 实践;B.speech 演讲;C.rest 休息;D.pity 遗憾。训练你自己 忍着不说那些刻薄的话,小小的实践一下,你会变得很擅长放手。故选 A 考点:记叙文阅读。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(广东卷)
How long can human beings live? Most scientists who study old age think that the human body is ___1___ to live no longer than 120 years. However, 110 years is probably the longest that anyone could hope to live —— if he or she is ___2___ healthy and lucky. Some scientists even say we can live as long as 130 years! Yet, our cells simply cannot continue to reproduce ___3___. They wear out, and as a result, we get old and ___4___ die. Even though we can’t live forever, we are living a ___5___ life than ever before. In 1900, the average American life span (寿命) was only 47 years, but today it is 75 years! When does old age begin then? Sixty-five may be out-of-date as the ___6___ line between middle age and old age. After all, many older people don’t begin to experience physical and mental ___7___ until after age 75. People are living longer because more people ___8___ childhood. Before modern medicine changed the laws of nature, many children died of common childhood ___9___. Now that the chances of dying ___10___ are much lower, the chances of living long are much higher due to better diets and health care.

On the whole, our population is getting older. The ___11___ in our population will have lasting effects on our social development and our way of life. Some people fear such changes will be for the worse, while some see ___12___, not disaster, many men and women in their “golden years” are healthy, still active, and young in ___13___ if not in age. As the society grows old, we need the ___14___ of our older citizens. With long lives ahead of them, they need to ___15___ active and devoted. 1. A. designed 2. A. completely B. selected B. generally C. improved C. apparently D. discovered D. extremely

3. A. rapidly 4. A. eventually 5. A. busier 6. A. finishing 7. A. stress 8. A. survive 9. A. problems 10. A. poor 11. A. changes 12. A. dreams 13. A. mind 14. A. protection 15. A. sound 【答案】

B. harmlessly B. hopelessly B. longer B. guiding B. damage B. enjoy B. fears B. young B. recovery B. chances B. appearance B. suggestions B. appear

C. endlessly C. automatically C. richer C. waiting C. decline C. remember C. worries C. sick C. safety C. strengths C. voice C. contributions C. turn

D. separately D. desperately D. happier D. dividing D. failure D. value D. diseases D. quiet D. increases D. choices D. movement D. permission D. stay

1.A 2.D 3.C 4.A 5.B 6.D7.C 8.A 9.D 10.B 11.A 12.B 13.A 14.C 15.D

6.D 考查形容词及语境的理解。句意:作为中年和老年的分界线,65 岁可能已经过时了。 finishing 完成;guiding 指导,指引;waiting 等待;dividing 划分。根据文意可知,把 65 岁 当做中年和老年的分界线,这已经不适合现在的形势了。dividing line 分界线,故选 D。 7.C 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:毕竟,很多老年人直到 75 岁之后才开始经历身体和精神 的衰落。stress 压力,压迫;damage 损坏;decline 衰落,衰弱;failure 失败。根据句意可 知,现在很多老年人是在 75 岁之后身体和精神才开始衰弱的,故选 C。 8.A 考查动词及语境的理解。句意:现在人们活得更长因为更多的人从童年中幸存下来。 survive 幸存;enjoy 喜欢,欣赏;remember 记得;value 价值,估价。根据这一段的内容 和 the chances of living long are much higher due to a better diets and health care 可知,现在的 人平均寿命比以前更长的一个原因是人们从童年的疾病中幸存了下来,故选 A。 9.D 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:在现代医学改变了自然的法则之前,很多孩子死于常见 的儿童疾病。problems 问题;fears 恐惧,害怕;worries 担心;diseases 疾病。根据句意

可知,以前的人们因为很多普遍的儿童疾病而死,所以导致平均寿命比较低。故选 D。 10.B 考查形容词及语境的理解。句意:既然年少夭折的可能性更低了,那么活得更长的机 会就更高了,因为有了更好的饮食和医学护理。poor 穷的; young 年轻的;sick 病的;quiet 安静的。根据这一段的意思可知,以前人们在小的时候就因为生病死去了,dying young 就 是年少死去。故选 B。 11.A 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:人口结构的改变会对我们社会的发展和我们的生活方 式有持续的影响。changes 改变;recovery 恢复;safety 安全;increases 增长,增加。根据 下文中 Some people fear such changes will…可知,我们现在的人口结构改变了,故选 A。 12.B 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:一些人担心这个改变将会带来一些坏处,然而还有一 些人看到的是机会,而不是灾难。dreams 梦想;chances 机会;strengths 力量;choices 选 择。根据句意可知,这句话中的 while 表示对比,即跟前一种人不一样的看法,故选 B。 13.A 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:现在,很多处在“黄金年龄”的男士和女士,身体都非常 健康,仍然积极,心态也很年轻。 mind 心态;appearance 外表;voice 声音;movement 移动。根据句意可知,这里应该是说虽然年龄老了,但是心态依然年轻,故选 A。 14.C 考查名词及语境的理解。句意:随着我们的社会老龄化,我们需要这些老年公民们的贡 献。protection 保护;suggestions 建议;contributions 贡献;permission 允许。根据文意可 知,现在的社会逐渐老龄化,因此老年人也要继续给我们的社会做贡献,故选 C。 15.D 考查动词及语境的理解。句意:前面还有很长的寿命,他们需要保持积极的心态和奉 献的精神。sound 听起来;appear 好像;出现;turn 转,变成;stay 保持。根据文意可知, 现在人们的寿命更长了,因此老年人也要继续保持积极心态,为我们的社会做贡献。故应选 D。 【考点定位】社会现象类短文。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)
It was a rainy morning and the children, mainly boys with various learning difficulties, refused to settle for the start of the lesson. As an inexperienced teacher, I tried every means to get them to be This was the 36 , but in vain. my panic was rising and I could feel my heart beating wildly. 37 of my job as a music teacher, I thought -- teaching was not for me. Then I 38 inside, I threw my voice as far 39 ! We are going on a

had an idea. Hoping that no one would notice that I was

as it would reach: "Put your heads on the desks and close your

journey." 40 , the children fell silent. "Now what should I do?" I thought to myself. Reaching over 41 , put it in the machine and played it. 42 .

to my collection of CDs, I blindly

Obediently (顺从地), my class lay their heads on their desk, closed their eyes and

When the music started, the room as filled with the most beautiful tones and musical colors I could have ever imagined. All the children were all to raise their 44 43 . When the music finished, I asked them

slowly so that we could share our musical journey.

At this point, when all the children were willing to share their experiences, I began to learn how to 45 . The music allow me to learn that teaching is about sharing and respect, tears

and smiles, the knowing and the 46 and most of all, an understanding of each other. This was the power that 47 in the

classroom could have. 36. A. glad 37.A. end 38. A. guessing 39. A. eyes 40. A. Punctually 41. A. passed one on 42. A. slept 43. A. talking 44. A. legs 45. A. teach 46. A. unprepared 47. A. games 【答案】 36.D 37.A 38.B 39.A 40.C 41.D 42.C 43.D 44.B 45.A 46.C 47.B B. safe B. aim B. shaking B. mouths B. Importantly B. gave one back B. nodded B. singing B. heads B. imagine B. unspoken B. music C. kind C. rule C. responding C. books C. Amazingly C. turned one in C. waited C. dancing C. arms C. play C. unknown C. tears D. quiet D. plan D. laughing D. doors D. Obviously D. took one out D. continued D. listening D. shoulders D. understand D. unforgotten D. knowledge

42.C;考查动词。根据后文的:When the music started, the room was filled with the most beautiful tones and musical colors.可知当作者将音乐放进机器里,学生们趴在自己的桌子上 静静地等着音乐响起来,故选 C 43.D;考查动词。老师在放音乐,当然学生们都在听,listening 放在此较其他选项都比较合 适。故选 D 44.B;考查名词。Raise sb’s head(s)抬起头来。句意:当音乐放完的时候,我要求他们所有人 慢慢地抬起头来,那样的话,我们就可以一起分享我们的音乐之旅。故选 B

45.A;考查动词。根据前文:At this point, when all the children were willing to share their experiences,可知学生们从开始的不愿响应作者到最后跟着作者一起参与其中,这让作者开 始知道怎么教书了,故选 A 46.C;考查形容词。A. unprepared 为准备好的 B. unspoken 无言的 C. unknown 未知的 D.

unforegotten 难忘的; 根据前文有 the knowing 已知的, 又有 and 连接, 可知横向上填 unknown 未知的,构成像前文 tears and smiles 那样的对比,形成对仗,故选 C 47.B;考查名词。根据前文:The music allowed me to learn that teaching is about sharing and respect, tears and smiles, the knowing and the unknown and, most of all, an understanding of each other.可知这些都是音乐的好处,它让我们知道了分享和尊重,泪水和欢笑,已知与未 知,最主要的是它让我们相互了解。所以最后一句作者旨在总结:这就是课堂音乐所拥有的 力量

【考点定位】记事类短文阅读。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(江苏卷)
I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel’s books in college and was hooked on his positivity from that moment on. The stories of his unconventional 36 patients he wrote about were so and the exceptional

37 to me and had such a big 38 on how I saw life from then 39 my

on. Who knew that so many years later I would look to Dr. Bernie and his CDs again to own cancer experience?

I’m an ambitious 40, and when I started going through chemo (化疗) , even though I’m a very 41 person, I lost my drive to write. I was just too tired and not in the 42 . One day, while

waiting to go in for 43 , I had one of Dr. Bernie’s books in my hand. Another patient 44 what I was reading and struck up a conversation with me 45 he had one of his books with him as well.

It 46 that among other things, he was an eighty-year-old writer. He was47 a published author, and he was currently 48 on a new book. We would see each other at various times and 49 friends. Sometimes he wore a duck hat,

and I would tell myself, he was definitely a(n) 50 of Dr. Bernie. He really put a 51 on my face. He unfortunately 52 last year due to his cancer, 53 he left a deep impression on me and gave me the 54 to pick up my pen again. I 55 to myself, “If he can do it, then so can I.” 36. A. tastes 37. A. amazing 38. A. strike 39. A. learn from 40. A. reader B. ideas B. shocking B. push B. go over B. writer C. notes C. amusing C. challenge C. get through C. editor D. memories D. strange D. impact D. refer to D. doctor

41. A. positive 42. A. mood 43. A. advice 44. A. viewed 45. A. while 46. A. came out 47. A. naturally 48. A. deciding 49. A. became 50. A. patient 51. A. sign 52. A. showed up 53. A. since 54. A. guidance 55. A. promised 【答案】

B. agreeable B. position B. reference B. knew B. because B. worked out B. merely B. investing B. helped B. operator B. smile B. set off B. but B. trust B. swore

C. humorous C. state C. protection C. noticed C. although C. proved out C. hopefully C. working C. missed C. fan C. mark C. fell down C. so C. opportunity C. thought

D. honest D. way D. treatment D. wondered D. providing D. turned out D. actually D. relying D. visited D. publisher D. mask D. passed away D. for D. inspiration D. replied

36. B37. A38. D39. C40. B41. A42. A43. D44. C45. B 46.D47.D48.C49.A50.C51.B52.D53.B54.D55. C

39.C 考查动词短语。根据下文可知,作者不幸身患癌症,病痛的折磨使他放弃了写作。但 病友的执着和 Bernie Siegel 积极的人生观让自己又重新拾起纸笔,渡过了这段艰难时期。A 项“从……中获取经验,汲取教训”;B 项“复习,仔细检查”;C 项“渡过难关”;D 项“提到, 涉及,参考”。故选 C 项。 40.B 考查名词。根据下文中“…, I lost my drive to write”可知,作者是一名抱负的作家。A 项“读者”;B 项“作家”;C 项“编辑”;D 项“医生”。故选 B 项。 41.A 考查形容词。句意:尽管我是一个积极的人,还是失去了写作的动力。a positive person 与 lost my drive to write 构成让步关系,且与上文 positivity 呼应。 A 项“积极的”;B 项“称 心如意的”;C 项“幽默的”;D 项“诚实的”。故选 A 项。 42.A 考查名词。句意:我就是感觉太累,没有心情去写。in the mood 意为“没有心情去做 事”。A 项“心情”;B 项“位置,职位”;C 项“状态”;D 项“方式”。故选 A 项。 43.D 考查名词。句意:一天,当我在等待治疗时,手里拿着 Bernie 的一本书。A 项“建议”; B 项“提及,参考”;C 项“保护”;D 项“治疗”。故选 D 项。 44.C 考查动词。句意:另外一个病人注意到我在读些什么,主动跟我攀谈起来。A 项 “认 为”;B 项“知道,了解”;C 项 “(无意中)注意到”;D 项 “想知道”。故选 C 项。 45.B 考查连词。句意:该空后是他主动和我攀谈的原因:他身上也有一本 Bernie 的书。A 项表示时间或轻微转折;B 项表示原因;C 项表示让步;D 项表示条件。故选 B 项。 46.D 考查动词短语。除此之外,他是一位八十岁的作家。A 项 “出现,出版”;B 项“锻炼, 解决,制定”;C 项“证明是合适的,令人满意的”;D 项“证明是,结果是”。it turned out that 是固定搭配,意为“结果是……,结果证明……”故选 D 项。 47.D 考查副词。句意:事实上,他是一位撰稿人,目前在写一本新书。A 项 “自然地”;B 项“仅仅”;C 项“有希望地”;D 项“事实上”。故选 D 项。 48.C 考查动词搭配。根据句意可知,他目前在写一本新书。A 项 decide on“决定,确定”; B 项 invest on“投资,花时间在……上”;C 项 work on“从事,忙于”;D 项 rely on“依赖,依 靠”。故选 C 项。 49.A 考查动词。 句意: 我们总是在许多时候见到对方, 成了朋友。 A 项 “成为”; B 项“帮助”; C 项“错过”;D 项“拜访”。故选 A 项。 50.C 考查名词。根据句意可知,他的确是 Bernie 的粉丝。A 项 “病人”;B 项“操作员,接 线员”;C 项“粉丝”;D 项“出版商”。故选 C 项。

51.B 考查名词。根据句意可知,他的举动感染了我,使我在生活中面带微笑。A 项 “标志, 迹象,征兆”;B 项“微笑”;C 项“标记”;D 项“面罩”。故选 B 项。 52.D 考查动词短语。句意:他补充说道 Jason 因为不愿说谎没挣到钱。A 项 “出现,露面”; B 项“出发,动身”;C 项“跌倒”;D 项“去世(死的委婉表达)”。故选 D 项。 53.B 考查连词。句意:他去年不幸死于癌症,但给我留下了深刻的印象。A 项表示时间;B 项表示转折;C 项表示结果;D 项表示原因。故选 B 项。 54.D 考查名词。句意:他激励我重新拾起纸笔。A 项 “指导”;B 项“信任”;C 项“机会”;D 项“鼓舞,激励,启发”。故选 D 项。 55.C 考查名词。句意:我对自己说:“如果他能做到,我也能。”A 项 “承诺”;B 项“郑重 发誓”;C 项 think to oneself “自言自语”;D 项“回答”。故选 C 项。

考点:记叙文阅读

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(陕西卷)
Dad had a green comb. He bought it when he married Mum. Every night, he would hand me his 26 and say, “Good girl, help Daddy clean it, OK?” 27 to do it. At age five , this dull task brought me such 28 29 . I would excitedly

I was

turn the tap

and brush the comb carefully. Satisfied that I’d done a good job, I would 30 affectionately at me and place the comb on

happily return the comb to Dad. He would his wallet. Two years later, Dad started his own 31 things started to and I became 33 32

, which wasn’t doing so well. That was when

. Dad didn’t come home as early and as much as he used to. Mum 34 , an

with him for placing our family in trouble. With

uncomfortable silence grew between us. After my graduation, Dad’s business was getting back on track. On my 28th birthday, Dad came home 35 . As usually I helped him carry his bags into his study. When I turned to my comb?” I looked at him a while, then 37

leave, he said ,“Hey, would you help me 36 the comb and headed to the sink. It hit me then: why, as a child, 38

Dad clean his comb was such a pleasure. That 39 the evening with Mum and me. It 40

routine(习惯) meant Dad was home early to a happy and loving family.

I passed the clean comb back to Dad. He smiled at me and 41 wallet. But this time , I noticed something 42

placed his comb on his

. Dad had aged. He had wrinkles next to his

eyes when he smiled, who just wanted a good 26. A. bag 27. A. annoyed 28. A. joy 29. A. out 30. A. stare 31. A. family 32. A. progress 33. A.satisfied 34. A. time

43

his smile was still as

44

as before, the smile of a father

45 for his family. C. comb C. ashamed C. courage C. in C. shout C. task C. improve C. mad C. speed C. frequently C. clean C. handed C. helping C. waste C. meant C. casually C. interesting C. so C. cautious C. reputation D. brush D. pleased D. pain D. on D. laugh D. journey D. form D. strict D. ease D. rarely D. keep D. threw D. hearing D. spend D. supported D. carefully D. urgent D. yet D. innocent D. education

B. wallet B. relieved B. sadness B. over B. smile B. business B. change B. delighted B. patience

35. A. occasionally B. early 36. A. sharply 37. A. dropped 38. A. watching 39. A. find 40. A. affected 41. A. firmly 42. A. different 43. A. for 44. A. convincing 45. A. origin 【答案】 B. repair B. took B. letting B. lose B. broke B. hurriedly B. exciting B. or B. heartwarming B. life

26. C27. D28. A29. D30. B31. B32. B33. C34. A35. B 36. C37. B38. C39. D40. C41. D42. A43. D44. B45. B

27.D 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A.annoyed 生气的;B.relieved 轻松的; C.ashamed 羞愧的; D.pleased 高兴的。根据下文的:I would excitedly turn the tap…。因 此可以看出作者很高兴这么做,选 D。 28.A 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.joy 快乐;B.sadness 悲伤;C.courage 勇气;

D.pain 痛苦。根据下文的:I would excitedly turn the tap…。因此可以看出这个枯燥的任务 给我带来了这样的快乐。故选 A。 29.D 考查短语以及对语境的理解。A.turn out 结果是;B.turn over 翻转;C.turn in 上 交;D.turn on 打开。因为是清理梳子,可知是打开水龙头。选 D。 30.B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.share 分享;B.smile 微笑;C.shout 叫喊; D.laugh 笑。上文介绍作者高兴地接受爸爸的任务,将梳子清理干净,爸爸当然会笑了。 故选 B。

35.B 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A.occasionally 偶然地;B.early 早地; C.frequently 频繁地;D.rarely 罕见地。根据下文的:Dad was home early 可知在作者过生 日的时候,爸爸早早回来了。选 B。 36.C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.sharpen 削尖;B.repair 修理;C.clean 打扫; D.keep 保持。根据上文的:help Daddy clean it,可知爸爸这次又让作者帮他清理梳子。选 C。 37.B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.drop 扔掉,掉落;B.take 拿;C.hand 递; D.throw 扔掉。作者看了爸爸一会,拿上梳子,走向水池,选 B。 38. C 考查动词短语以及对语境的理解。A.watch 观看;B.let 让;C.help 帮助; D.hear 听见。根据上文的:help Daddy clean it,可知作者小时候经常帮助爸爸清理梳子。 选 C。 39.D 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.find 发现;B.lose 失去;C.waste 浪费; D.spend 度过。我小时候很高兴帮爸爸清理梳子,因为这意味着爸爸可以早早回来和妈妈 和我一起度过夜晚,故选 D。 40.C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.affect 影响;B.break 破坏;C.mean 意味着; D.support 支持。根据上文内容可知爸爸早早回来陪我和妈妈这意味着一个幸福的家庭。

选 C。 41.D 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A.firmly 坚定地;B.hurriedly 匆忙地;C.casually 随意地;D.carefully 仔细地。我将清理好的梳子递给爸爸,爸爸向我微笑,仔细地将它放 进钱包。选 D。 42.A 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A.different 不同的;B.exciting 令人兴奋的; C.interesting 有趣的; D.urgent 紧急的。根据下文的:Dad has aged.可知作者注意到不同 的事情。 选 A。 43.D 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A.for 因为;B.or 或者;C.so 因此;D.yet 然 而。他微笑的时候眼睛周围有皱纹,然而他的微笑还是和以前一样暖心,所以选 D。 44.B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A.convincing 令人幸福的;B.heartwarming 暖心 的;C.cautious 谨慎的; D.innocenct 天真的。根据上文的句子:He would ___ affectionately at me and place the comb on his wallet.可知爸爸看着女儿的微笑是温暖人心的, 选 B。

【考点定位】人生百味类完形填空

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(天津卷)
My fiance (未婚夫) and I were excited about shopping for our first home. But our funds were 16 , and none of the houses in our price range seemed satisfactory. One agent 17 a house in particular. Although her description sounded wonderful, the price was 18 our range, so we declined. But she kept urging us to have a look 19 . 20 at first sight. It was Our Home, small and charming,

We finally did and it was

overlooking a quiet lake. Walking through the rooms and talking with the owners, a nice elderly couple, we felt the warmth and 21 of the marriage within that home. As perfect as it was,

the price remained too high for us. But every day, we would sit by the lake, looking at the house and dreaming of 22 it would be like to live there.

Days later, we made a(n)

23

—far below the asking price. Surprisingly, they didn’t 24 25 . It was also much more than we could afford, but far 26

us. They renewed their offer than the original asking price. The next day, we got a

27 message that another buyer had offered a much higher price. Even 28 directly. We made our final offer, which 29 30 we had to try. was

so, we decided to talk with the

thousands of dollars less than the other buyer’s bid. We knew it, “Sold!” said the owner. Then he 31

: He’d seen us sitting by the lake all those times; he 32 the years of work they had put into

knew how much we loved the place and that we’d their home; he realized he would take a 33

by selling it to us, but it was worthwhile; we 34 in the price “an

were the people they wanted to live there. He told us to consider the early wedding present.” That’s how we found our home and how I learned that when people are strangers, only friends we haven’t yet met. 16. A. needed 17. A. recommended 18. A. below 19. A. at least 20. A. relief 21. A. pride 22. A. which 23. A. effort 24. A. come across 25. A. instead 26. A. worse 27. A. relaxing 28. A. agents 29. A. already 30. A. so 31. A. apologized 32. A. check 33. A. loss B. limited B. decorated B. within B. at most B. concern B. happiness B. why B. offer B. look after B. indeed B. better B. disappointing B. buyers B. still B. or B. complained B. analyze B. risk

35

they are not

C. enough C. sold C. beyond C. at times C. love C. challenge C. that C. promise C. depend on C. aside C. less C. pleasant C. managers C. generally C. for C. criticized C. appreciate C. chance

D. large D. rented D. between D. at hand D. curiosity D. desire D. what D. profit D. laugh at D. apart D. higher D. regular D. owners D. ever D. but D. explained D. ignore D. lead

34. A. increase 35. A. kind 【答案】

B. difference B. polite

C. interest C. smart

D.average D. energetic

16. B17. A18. C19. A20. C21. B22. D23. B24. D25. A26. C27. B28. D29. B30. D31. D32. C33. A34. B 35. A 【解析】 试题分析:文章大意:作者和未婚夫准备买房结婚,但是资金有限。一次作者对一个房子一 见钟情,但价格仍然很高,但通过最后的努力,作者以很低的价格买到了此房。 16.B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.needed 需要的;B.limited 有限的;C.enough 足 够的;D.large 大的。根据下一句中的 and none of the houses in our price range seemed satisfactory.”可知答案选 B。 17.A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.recommended 推荐;B.decorated 装修;C.sold 卖; D.rented 租。根据后句 Although her description sounded wonderful 可知一个代理人特 别向我们推荐一栋房子。选 A。 18. C 考查介词以及对语境的理解。 A. below 在??下面; B. within 在??里面; C. beyond 超过;D.between 在??之间。根据后句 so we declined.可知价格超过了我们的范围。故选 C。 19.A 考查短语以及对语境的理解。A.at least 至少;B.at most 至多;C.at times 有时; D.at hand 在附近。但她不停的催促我们至少去看一看。选 A。 22.D 考查名词性从句以及对语境的理解。A.which 哪一个;B.why 为什么;C.that 那个;D.what 什么。宾语从句中 be like 缺少宾语,故用关系词 what。选 D。 23. B 考查名词以及对语境的理解。 A. effort 努力; B. offer 提供; C. promise 许诺; D. profit 利润。根据后句—far below the asking price 可知是 make an offer 出价。选 B。 24. D 考查短语以及对语境的理解。 A. come across 偶然遇到; B. look after 照顾; C. depend on 依靠; D.laugh at 嘲笑。令人惊讶的是,他们没有嘲笑我们。选 D。 25.A 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A.instead 相反 B.indeed 的确;C.aside 在??旁; D.apart 分开地。相反地,他们更新了他们的出价。选 A。 26.C 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A.worse 更糟的;B.better 更好的;C.less 更少 的;D.higher 更高的。但比原来的要价要少得多。选 C。

27.B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A.relaxing 轻松的;B.disappointing 令人失望的; C.pleasant 令人愉快的;D.regular 有规律的。第二天,我们得到一个令人失望的消息。选 B。 28. D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.agents 代理人;B.buyers 买方;C.managers 经 理;D.owners 物主。因此,我们决定直接跟房东谈。选 D。 29.B 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A.already 已经;B.still 任然;C.generally 普遍地; D.ever 曾经。我们做出最终的价格,任然比其他买家出价少很多。故选 B。 30.D 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A.so 如此;B.or 或者;C.for 为了; D.but 但 是。前后句为转折关系,故用连词 but。选 D。 31.D 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.apologized 道歉;B.complained 抱怨;C.criticized 指责;D.explained 解释。后面为房主解释的内容。选 D。 32.C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A.check 检查;B.analyze 分析;C.appreciate 感激; 欣赏; D.ignore 忽视。其原因是我们欣赏他们投入家庭多年的努力。 选 C。 33.A 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A.loss 损失;B.risk 冒险;C.chance 机会;D.lead 带领。根据上下文可知把房子卖给我们他将会有损失,所以选 A。 考点:记叙类短文阅读。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)
Since finishing my studies at Harvard and Oxford. I?ve watched one friend after another land high-ranking, high-paying Wall Street jobs. As executives(高级管理人员) with banks, consulting firms, established law firms, and major corporations, many are now impressive careers. By society?s 22 , they seem to have it made. 21 on their way to

On the surface, these people seem to be very lucky in life. As they left student life behind, many had a 23 drink at their cheap but friendly local bar, shook hands with Longtime

roommates, and 24 out of small apartments into high buildings. They made reservations at restaurants where the cost of a bottle of wine 25 a college year?s monthly rent. They replaced their beloved old car with expensive new sports cars. The thing is, a number of them have Some they 28 27 26 that despite their success, they aren?t happy.

of unfriendly coworkers and feel sad for eight-hour workweeks devoted to tasks

. Some do not respect the companies they work for and talk of feeling tired and 29 .

However, instead of devoting themselves to their work, they find themselves working to support the 30 to which they have so quickly become 31 . 32 the end the idea of leaving,

People often speak of trying a more satisfying path, and their jobs to work for something they 33

or finding a position that would give them more 34 . They

time with their families almost always leads them to the same conclusion; it? s have loans, bills, a mortgage (抵押贷款) to something 36 in their lives, but it?s 38 37

35 , retirement to save for. They recognize there?s to step off the track.

In a society that tends to

everything in terms of dollars and cents, we learn form a 39 in financial terms. But what about the personal

young age to consider the costs of our and social costs 40

in pursuing money over meaning? These are exactly the kinds of us tend

to ignore — and the very ones we need to consider most. 21. A. much 22. A. policies 23. A. last 24. A. cycled 25. A. shared 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. A. advertised A. complain A. distribute A. calm A. family A. accustomed A. yet A. let out A. fundamental A. take of A. missing A. harmful A. measure A. disasters B. never B. standards B. least B. moved B. paid B. witnessed B. dream B. hate B. guilty B. government B. appointed B. also B. turn in B. practical B. drop off B. inspiring B. hard B. suffer B. motivations C. seldom C. experiments C. second C. slid C. equaled C. admitted C. hear C. applaud C. warm C. lifestyle C. unique C. instead C. give up C. impossible C. put off C. sinking C. useful C. digest C. campaigns D. well D. regulations D. best D. looked D. collected D. demanded D. approve D. neglect D. empty D. project D. available D. rather D. believe in D. unforgettable D. pay off D. shining D. normal D. deliver D. decisions

40.

A. assessed

B. involved

C. covered

D. reduced

【答案】 21.D22.B23.A24.B25.C26.C27.A28.B29.D30.C31.A32.A33.D34.C35.D36.A37.B38.A39.D40.B

26.C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. advertise 意为广告, B. witnessed 意为目击, C. admitted 意为承认 D. demanded 意为要求。“The thing is, a number of them have 26 that despite

their success, they aren?t happy.” 意为很多人承认,尽管他们很成功,但是很不开心。 27.A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. complain 意为抱怨,B. dream 意为梦想,C. hear 意 为听到,D. approve 意为证明。根据上一句的不开心,所以不难得出答案是抱怨。 28.B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. distribute 意为分发,B. hate 意为厌恶,C. applaud 意 为鼓掌,D. neglect 意为忽略。根据上文的不开心和抱怨,不能得出答案是厌恶。

29.D 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. calm 意为平静,B. guilty 意为有罪的,C. warm 意 为温暖, D. empty 意为空的, 累的。 根据前面的 tired 累不能得出答案。 Some do not respect the companies they work for and talk of feeling tired and 29 。意为有些人不尊重他们工作的公 司,说累。 30.C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. family 意为家庭,B. government 意为政府,C. lifestyle 意为生活方式,D. project 意为项目。前文提到很多都是生活,如学校生活,工作生活,结 合语境不能得出答案是生活方式。 31.A 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. accustomed 意为习惯的,B. appointed 意为指定的, C. unique 意为独一无二的,D. available 意为可利用的。“However, instead of devoting themselves to their work, they find themselves working to support the 30 so quickly become 31 to which they have

. 意为“但是,不是全身心投入于工作,他们发现工作只是支持生

活方式,而且慢慢他们已经对这种方式已经行习惯了。” 32.A 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A. yet 意为但是,表转折,B. also C. instead 意为也,表递进,

意为代替,D. rather 意为相反。此句是长难句。意为:人们总是说走一种满意

的道路, 但是最后, 离开现在的工作去做一些他们相信或者是一种可以和家人在一起的职务 的想法最终都得出一个这样的结论:这是不可能的。根据句意,前后是转折的关系,所以选 A。 33.D 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. let out 意为发出,B. turn in 意为上交,归还,C. give up 意为放弃, D. believe in 意为相信。 此句是长难句。 意为: 人们总是说走一种满意的道路, 但是最后, 离开现在的工作去做一些他们相信或者是一种可以和家人在一起的职务的想法最 终都得出一个这样的结论:这是不可能的。 34.C 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. fundamental 意为基本的,B. practical 意为实践的, C. impossible 意为不可能的,D. unforgettable 意为难忘的。此句是长难句。意为:人们总是 说走一种满意的道路, 但是最后, 离开现在的工作去做一些他们相信或者是一种可以和家人 在一起的职务的想法最终都得出一个这样的结论:这是不可能的。 35.D 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. take of 意为起飞,B. drop off 意为减少,C. put off 意为推迟,D. pay off 意为支付。根据 mortgage(抵押贷款)以及结合常识,不难得出答案。 36.A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. missing 意为失去,B. inspiring 意为鼓舞,C. sinking 意为沉没,D. shining 意为闪亮。句意是为他们意识到,在生活中失去 missing 了一些什 么,但是他们却很难离开这个轨迹。根据句意不难得出答案。

37.B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. harmful

意为有害的,B. hard

意为困难的,C.

useful 意为有用的, D. normal 意为正常的。 句意是为他们意识到, 在生活中失去了一些什么, 但是他们却很难 hard 离开这个轨迹。根据句意不难得出答案。 38. A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. measure 意为衡量,B. suffer 意为遭受,C. digest 意为消化,D. deliver 意为运送。句意为当前的社会,人们趋向于用钱来衡量 measure 所有 的事情,我们在很小的时候就知道,应该考虑我们决定的经济代价。 39.D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. disasters 意为灾难,B. motivations 意为动机,C. campaigns 意为战役,D. decisions 意为决定。句意为当前的社会,人们趋向于用钱来衡量所 有的事情,我们在很小的时候就知道,应该考虑我们决定 decisions 的经济代价。 40.B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. assessed 意为评估,B. involved 意为涉及,C. covered 意为覆盖,D. reduced 意为减少。Involved in 意为参与。句意为:那么,在追求钱高于意义 的情况下,我们的参与的个人以及社会代价呢? 考点:夹叙夹议的一篇文章

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(课表 2 卷)
Where do you go when you want to learn something? School? A friend? A tutor? These are all 41 places of learning. But it may well be that the learning you really want 43 44 . 45 a 42 somewhere else

instead. I had the

of seeing this first hand on a

My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did well this season and so tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some 46 experiences on Saturday as they played against teams her 48 47

trained. Through the first two games, 49 seeing my daughter playing

did not get one serious shot on goal. As a parent, I 50 still defeated. 51

her best,

It seemed that something c licked with the 52 for their Sunday game, they were 53 54

between Saturday and Sunday. When they

different. They had begun to integrate (融合) the the day before into their 55 . They played

kinds of play and teamwork they had aggressively and It 57 56 scored a goal.

me that playing against the other team was a great

58

moment for all the girls on

the team. I think it is a general principle. 59

is the best teacher. The lessons they learned may not

be

60

what they would have gotten in school, but are certainly more personal and meaningful,

because they had to work them out on their own. 41. A. public 42. A. passes 43. A. dream 44. A. trip 45. A. won 46. A. painful 47. A. less 48. A. fans 49. A. imagined 50. A. if 51. A. girls 52. A. dressed 53. A. slightly 54. A. seen 55. A. styles 56. A. even 57. A. confused 58. A. touching 59. A. Experience 60. A. harmful to 【答案】 41. B42. C43. D44. C45. B46. A47. D48. D49. B50. C51. A52. B53. D54. A55. C56. A57. B58. D59. A 60. C 42. C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. passes 传递;B. works 起作用;C. lies 在于; D. ends 结束。本句应该分析句子结构:the learning 后是定语从句 you really want,所以这里所填的 是做谓语的动词。真正想要的学习却不在上述的这些地方,在其他的地方。故选 C。 43. D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. dream 梦想;B. idea 想法;C. habit 习惯;D. chance 机 会。我有机会看到了这样的学习。 B. traditional B. works B. idea B. holiday B. entered B. strange B. poorly B. tutors B. hated B. or B. parents B. showed up B. hardly B. known B. training B. still B. struck B. thinking B. Independence B. mixed with C. official C. lies C. habit C. weekend C. organized C. common C. newly C. class C. avoided C. but C. coaches C. made up C. basically C. heard C. game C. seldom C. reminded C. encouraging C. Curiosity C. different from D. special D. ends D. chance D. square D. watched D. practical D. better D. team D. missed D. as D. viewers D. planned D. completely D. read D. rules D. again D. warned D. learning D. Interest D. applied to

44. C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. trip 旅行;B. holiday 假期;C. weekend 周末;D. square 广场。从下文的周六的比赛会很艰苦和 It seemed that something clicked with the between Saturday and Sunday.可知,是周末发生的事。 45. B考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. won赢;B. entered进入;C. organized组织;D. watched观看。从下文可知,女儿所在的足球队打得好所以进入了锦标赛。 46. A考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. painful痛苦的;B. strange奇怪的;C. common普通的;D. practical 实用的。由语境可知,对手比作者女儿的队better trained,可以推断这将是一场痛苦的比赛。 47. D考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. less少于;B. poorly差的;C. newly新的;D. better更好的。 根据常识可知,进入锦标赛的一般都是训练更好的队伍。 48. D考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. fans粉丝;B. tutors教练;C. class班;D. team队。根据上下文可知,是女儿所在的足球队没进球得分。 49. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. imagined 想象;B. hated 不喜欢; C. avoided 避免; 51

D. missed 想念,错过。作为家长,一般都不会喜欢看自己的孩子尽力了,又要输。 50. C 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A. if 如果;B. or 或者;C. but 但是;D. as 因为。根据上 文可知,没进球,自己的孩子尽力了却要输,这是作为家长所不愿意看到的。 51. A 考查名词以及对语境的理解。 A. girls 女孩; B. parents 家长; C. coaches 教练; D. view ers 观众。本文一直在说女儿,当然应该是说女孩子们的变化。 52. B考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. dressed给……穿衣服;B. showed up出现;C. made up编造;D. planned计划。从下文可知,周日和周六的表现完全不同。 53. D 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. slightly 轻微地;B. hardly 几乎不;C. basically 基本地; D. completely 完全地;根据后面文章可知,这些孩子们表现和之前完全不同,completely 符 合语境。 54. A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. seen 看;B. known 她们把她们所看到的球队的打法运用到自己的比赛中。 55. C考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. styles风格;B. training game比赛;D. rules规则。她们把前一天在赛场上看到的打法和团队精神运用到自己的赛场上。所以才和 以前不同。 59. A考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. Experience经历;B. Independence独立;C. 训练;C. 知道; C. heard 听到; D. read 读。

Curiosity好奇;D. Interest兴趣。结合全文的意思可知,经历是最好的老师。 60. C考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. harmful to对……有伤害;B. mixed with混合;C. different from不同;D. applied to应用于。亲身体验得到的东西和在学校里学到的可能不同,但是更有个性有意义。 考点:教育类短文阅读。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(湖北卷)
“Daily Star, sir” called Jason, carrying some newspapers under his arm. The little boy had been running up and down the street, but there were still twenty_31__left. His voice was almost gone and his heart was_32__. The shops would soon close, and all the people would go home. He would have to go home too, carrying the papers__33_money. He had hoped to sell more papers tonight to make more money to buy a__34_for his mother and some seeds for his bird. That was why he had bought the papers with all his money. He_35__as he thought of his failure to sell all his papers. “You don’t know the __36_of selling papers. You must shout, “Hot news! Bomb bursting!” another newsboy Chad told Jason. “_37__it’s not in the paper at all,” replied Jason. “Just run away quickly__38__they have time to see, and you’ll__39_out and get your money,”Chad said.
网 Z。X。X。K] [来源:学。科。

It was a new _40__to Jason. He thought of his bird with no__41_and the cake he wanted to buy for his mother, but was__42_that he would not tell a lie. Though he was _43__ a poor newsboy, he had been_44__ some good things. The next afternoon Jason went to the office for his papers_45__. Several boys were crowding around Chad, who declared with a__46_smile that he sold six dozen the day before. He added that Jason__47_money because he would not tell a lie. The boy _48__at Jason. “You wouldn’t tell a lie yesterday, my boy?” A gentleman at the office came up and patted Jason’s shoulder__49_.”You’re just the boy I am looking for.” A week later Jason started his new__50_. He lost sale of twenty papers because he would not tell a lie, but got a well-paid job because he told the truth. 31.A.shops 32.A.open B.coins B.heavy C.people C.pure D.papers D.weak

33.A.instead of 34.A.cup 35.A.gave in 36.A.difficulty 37.A.And 38.A.before 39.A.call 40.A.edition 41.A.bread 42.A.concerned 43.A.still 44.A.taught 45.A.at once 46.A.proud 47.A.borrowed 48.A.laughed 49.A.bravely 50.A.duty

B.in return for B.card B.broke down B.process B.But B.since B.drop B.idea B.insects B.amazed B.already B.handed B.by chance B.gentle B.lost B.shouted B.grateful B.business

C.regardless of C.comb C.got away C.goal C.For C.though C.sell C.policy C.seeds C.excited C.just C.awarded C.as usual C.warm C.made C.nodded C.fondly C.job

D.in exchange for D.cake D.showed up D.secret D.So D.unless D.reach D.task D.water D.determined D.also D.allowed D.on purpose D.polite D.saved D.started D.modestly D.method

【考点定位】记叙文阅读。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
My previous home had a stand of woods behind it and many animals in the backyard. That first year, I __11__ feeding peanuts to the blue jays, then the squirrels. The squirrels had no__12__coming up right to me for them. As the months went by, the rabbits saw that I was no __13__and didn?t escape .when I threw carrot slices( 薄 片 ) , they even came for a nibble(啃).Slowly they came to __14__me,and by the end of the year they were eating out of my hand. That second year, the rabbits__15__me, and one would even sit up for slices! While I was feeding them, I __16__that a groundhog who used to run away was now taking an__17__interest in this food situation. I carefully extended a long__18__, with a keen eye on those teeth, and __19__,there were times I would have the groundhog sitting next to a rabbit, both munching(津津 有味地咀嚼)on carrots. A few months later, while__20__, she would even turn her back to me.__21__when she was facing away, i reached out and __22__scratched (搔)her back with my finger. she didn?t move. By year three, the rabbits and the groundhog were back. The groundhog__23__didn?t have a problem with me scratching her back, and I got in an idea. I?d always__24__,while slicing up carrots, that the end looked like a cap.__25__one day, just to see what she would do, I gently

__26__one on top of the groundhog?s head. Again, not a __27__.the next time, I had my camera ready to record what you see here, one of several dozen such pictures.__28__she had a slice to eat, she never __29__the one on her head. it was a fair__30__-----I got a pleasure, and she had yet another tasty treat. 11.A. avoided 12.A. business 13.A. help 14.A. trust 15.A. feared 16.A. proved 17.A. extreme 18.A. squirrel 19.A. before long 20.A .eating 21.A. next 22.A. carefully 23.A. also 24.A. thought. 25.A. while 26.A. fixed 27.A. tremble 28.A. Even if 29.A. welcomed 30.A. trade B. started B.fun B. cheat B. miss B. ignored B. decided B. increasing B. rabbit B .long ago B. playing B. once B. suddenly B. thus B. doubted B .or B .placed B. move B. even since B. required B. competition C. canceled C. problem C. threat C. admire C. discovered C. noticed C. additional C. peanut C. over and over C. sitting C. soon C. violently C. just C. admitted C. so C. hung C. delay C. as far as C. bothered C .task D. suggested D. privilege D. exception D. appreciate D. remembered D. understood D. inspiring D. carrot D. all over again D. sleeping D. lately D. patiently D .still D. recognized D .for D. kept D. hesitation D. so long as D. expected D. affair

和去年一样的四川卷温馨的人类与松鸡的情感主题一样, 今年也是走的人与动物和谐相处的 温情路线。难度较 2013,2014 难度大,出现的词汇也比前两年难。但总体难度适中,不算 偏难怪题。 答案:B 解析:我之前家后院会有很多动物。我第一年,也就是刚刚开始做,于是就开始喂它们。 A 是避免,C 是取消,D 是建议,暗示。 答案:C 解析:松鼠并不害怕我,所以对于靠近我这件事完全没有任何的问题。很放心的接近我。 其实 23 题也后面那句话,也出现了词义复现。 答案;C 解析:几个月之后,没有伤害她们的举动,小兔兔看我没有威胁,也不再逃跑。 A 是帮助,B 是欺骗,D 是例外。 答案:A 解析:当我给小兔子喂胡萝卜片的时候,它们甚至会过来啃,慢慢地它们开始信任我。C 是敬佩,赞美,D 是感激,欣赏 答案:D

解析:第二年,小兔兔们已经记得我了。争先恐后的要胡萝卜片吃。A 是兔子怕我,B 是 兔子忽视我 C,兔子探索发现了我。 答案:C 解析:当我喂兔子的时候,我注意到一只土拨鼠。这道题比较简单,通过词义判断不易做 错。 答案:B 解析:以前都跑得远远的,现在对这种喂食的场面开始兴趣逐渐浓厚。A,极度,C,额 外的 D,鼓舞人心的。 答案:D 解析:在 20 题空前,说到土拨鼠在津津有味的吃着胡萝卜。可想而知,我递过去,土拨 鼠要吃的,是长长的胡萝卜。 答案:A 解析:一段时间之后,也就是不久之后,就出现了土拨鼠和小兔子坐在一起啃胡萝卜的 场景了。 答案:A 解析:几个月之后,它甚至会在吃东西用背对着我。 答案:B 解析:一旦当它别过脸不看我,我就会小心翼翼的用我的手指搔一下它的背,它甚至都 不会的动。 答案:A 解析:一旦当它别过脸不看我,我就会小心翼翼的用我的手指搔一下它的背,我是有预 谋有原因的搔它,不存在 B,突然的动作,以及 C,激烈的搔,土拨鼠那么弱小,万一力气 太大把它弄死了怎么办。D,耐心的,需要重复动作,才会出现耐心的做。这里并没有。 答案:D 解析:到第三年,兔兔和土拨鼠都回来了。土拨鼠对于我搔它的背仍然没有问题,不会 害怕。also 很多同学易错。also 的用法是:A 做了,B also 做了,这里是土拨鼠第三年,依 然没有对我这个行为表示不适应。 答案:A 解析:看到土拨鼠对我的行为习以为常,我有了一个想法。之前在切胡萝卜的时候我常常 在想,胡萝卜的头有点像个瓶盖。 答案:C 解析:之前一直有想法,所以有一天,我想看看它会有什么反应。 答案:B 解析:我轻轻的将瓶盖放在土拨鼠的头上。 答案:B 解析:again 这个词说明了这个动作不止一次发生。之前发生的,就是土拨鼠一动不动。 这道题也算是词义复现了。 答案:D 解析:之后,我准备好了相机拍了照。只要它在吃东西,它就不会因为头上有个东西顶着 而烦躁。As long as 只要 答案:C 解析:其实读文章,中文意思“只要它在吃东西,它就不会因为头上有个东西顶着而烦躁” 我们是可以抓住的。A 是欢迎,B 是要求,D 是期待,这里有一个 never,加上后从意思上 看,只有 C 合适。

答案:A 解析:这是一场公平的交易,我获得了快乐,它获得了美味的一餐。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(重庆卷)
When Alice was sixteen, I was the one who wanted to run away from home. It was 16 to see the changes coming over her. She skipped school, and refused to communicate. I tried being firm, but it didn?t 17. I saw a dark future for my once sweet daughter. One school day Alice returned home very late. With a quarrel in view. I was surprised to see Alice was 18. “I hope I did the right thing, Mom,” “Alice said. I saw a cat, all bloody but alive. I 19 it to the vet?s(宠物医院), and was asked to make payment 20 . As I couldn?t reach anyone at the phone number on the cat?s tag(标牌), I had to pay the bill.” In the following days, the owner still couldn?t be 21. Alice paid the vet to continue treatment. I grew 22: what if the family had simply left the cat behind? A week went by. A woman called to speak to Alice. “She is at school,” I said. “You have a 23 daughter,” she said, apparently in tears. Her family had just returned from abroad, and got a (n) 24 from the vet. Their cat was recovering, thanks to Alice?s 25. “We can?t wait to hug Cuddles again,” she sobbed. Upon her return home, Alice was filled with 26 at the news. So was I. I learned through another woman?s eyes that my daughter was still a good person despite her 27 teenage years. Her warm heart would surely guide her in the right direction. 16. A. pleasant B. painful C. unwise D. inspiring 17. A. remain B. match C. appear D. work 18. A. annoyed B. amused C. worried D. interested 19. A. carried B. followed C. returned D. guided 20. A. monthly B. honestly C. generously D. immediately 21.A. trusted B. contacted C. persuaded D. satisfied 22. A. active B. rude C. anxious D. proud 23. A. pretty B. grateful C. wonderful D. curious 24. A. apology B. invitation C. message D. reply 25. A. suggestion B. donation C. encouragement D. help 26. A. love B. anger C. regret D. joy 27. A. troubled B. long C. boring D. quiet 答案解析: 16. 【答案】 B [考点] 形容词 感情色彩 [解析] A,D 褒义 B,C 贬义 根据 run away from home 得知作者想写不好的事, 排除 A,D, 而 B,C 在意思上有差别,看到她身上的变化,我的感情肯定是痛苦的,所以选 B 17. 【答案】D

[考点]动词 前后动作顺序必须保持一致 [解析]此句动词 1.skipped school 逃学 ,2. refused to communicate 拒绝交流 3. tried being firm 尝试严格点 but 转折指出女儿逃学, 拒绝交流, 我尝试严格点, 但是没用, 所以选 work 起作用 18. 【答案】 C [考点]形容词 感情色彩及其搭配 [解析] 根据前后出现的 1.return home late , 2. quarrel in view , 3. a cat, all bloody 可以知道作 者想写不好的事情,所以排除 B,D ,而 A 项 恼怒的 C 项 担心的, 作者看到全身血 的猫,送它去医院,肯定是担心之情。 19.【答案】A [考点]动词 搭配 [解析] 看到全身血还活着的猫,我就把猫送去了医院,此题考动词的搭配 A.携带 B. 跟随 C. 归还 D. 引导;指导 根据搭配选 A 20. 【答案】 D [考点]副词 副词修饰动词 [解析]把猫送去医院之后, 医生叫我付款, B 诚实地 C 慷慨大方地 与付款这个动词搭配 语境不符合,而根据后文联系不是失主,我不得不付款,得知医生一定是叫我立即付款,所 以选 D 21. 【答案】 B [考点]动词 动作前后顺序一致和动词搭配 [解析]根据前后动作 1. couldn?t reach anyone 2 had to pay 可以得知,几天之后失主还是 未能联系上,根据动词搭配只有 B 项有联系的意思。 22. 【答案】C 【考点】形容词词义辨析 【解析】anxious 表“焦虑,担心” ,可以指人的一种急切的精神状态;active 表”积极地, 充满活力的“;rude 表”粗鲁的“,proud 表”骄傲的“。由下文可知,作者在想如果猫咪 的主人不要它了该怎么办,表达的是焦急之情。 23. 【答案】C 【考点】形容词词义辨析 【解析】pretty 表“漂亮的” ,grateful 表“感激的,wonderful 表“精彩的,美好的” ,curious 表“好奇的” 。根据上下文可知,猫咪的主人在找回猫咪后,对作者的女儿充满了赞许之情, 因此答案为 C. wonderful. 24. 【答案】C 【考点】名词词义辩析 【解析】apology 表”道歉,invitation 表“邀请” ,message 表“信息” ,reply 表“回复” 。 由上下文可知,猫咪的主人是收到了宠物院发出的信息,才找回了宠物,故答案为 C。 25. 【答案】D 【考点】名词词义辨析 【解析】suggestion“建议” ,donation“捐赠” ,encouragement“鼓励” ,help“帮助” 。由 本句可知要表达的是猫咪恢复健康的原因,从上下文可知是因为 Alice 的帮助,故选 D。 26. 【答案】D 【考点】名词词义辨析 【解析】love“爱” ,anger“愤怒” ,regret“后悔” ,joy“开心” 。这一句讲的是,Alice 在 得知猫咪回到它的主人身边后的反应,因此可以得知选 D。

27. 【答案】A 【考点】形容词词义辨析 【解析】trouble“不安的,烦恼的” ,long“漫长的” ,boring“无聊的” ,quiet“安静的” 。 由上下文可知,作者这里是要描述 Alice 的青春期的状态,从文章第一段可得知, 答案选 A。 B Imagine the first days in a new time zone. Slow to respond to the 28 , your body clock is confused. You’ re sleepy all day, but when it’ s time for bed, you can hardly fall asleep. Obviously you are 29 jet lag(时差反应). Travelers have traditionally fought this 30 with sleeping pills or alcohol. There are actually healthier ways that can work just as 31. For example, the moment you get on the airplane, start 32 your biological block to the destination’s time. If it’s daytime in your destination, try to stay 33 . Walking around the cabin(客舱) can be of help. When it’s nighttime, try to sleep. In that case, eat before the flight, 34 an empty stomach will prevent you from sleeping. These tips will help you start a new 35of sleep and wakefulness. 28. A.flight B.change C.demand D.climate 29. A.suffering from B.working on C.looking into D.leading to 30. A.danger B.problem C.waste D.fear 31. A.briefly B.slowly C.suddenly D.effectively 32. A.checking B.sending C.adjusting D.stopping 33. A.awake B.alone C.hungry D.calm 34. A.though B.so C.whole D.or 35. A.understanding B.cycle C.research D.trend 答案解析: 28【答案】B 【考点】名词辨析 【解析】 根据的首句的关键词 new time zone “ 新的时区” 和下文的生物钟混乱, 可得出 “对 (时差的)变化反应慢”选 B。 29【答案】A 【考点】动词短语辨析 【解析】 由上文的 sleepy all day 和 hardly fall asleep 可得出这里选 suffering from 表示“遭 受” 。 30【答案】B 【考点】名词辨析 【解析】时差反应(jet lag)是一种问题而不是危险、浪费、和害怕。 31【答案】D 【考点】副词辨析 【解析】由本句 healthier ways, work (起作用)得出 effectively “有效地” 。 32【答案】C 【考点】动词辨析 【解析】由下文讲的方法可以得出 adjust“调整”生物钟来适应目的时间。 33【答案】A 【考点】形容词辨析

【解析】由前半句关键词“白天”可得出 stay awake“保持清醒” 。 34【答案】D 【考点】连词辨析 【解析】根据语义“在上飞机前吃饭,否则空腹会阻止你入睡” 。 35【答案】B 【考点】名词辨析 【解析】由上文可得出这些方法能帮助你开始一个新的 cycle “周期” 。 【点评】 总体难度:一般 本文为说明文,讲述了如何无面对倒时差的小诀窍。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(北京卷)
A Welcome Gift Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them 36 celebrate their new home. The loud The next morning, 38 side by side at the piano. They played jazz music to

37 filled the room and made them feel very happy. 39 under

, their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a

their door during the night. One of their neighbor had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario?s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all 40 people and he couldn?t imagine any of them had done that. 41 and apologize for

Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their their playing. “Maybe we could go and 42

everyone in person.” his mother said. 43 instead? Dario asked.

“What if we invited them to come here for a They both loved the desserts lights. Finally, the day of the party 46 Some even brought desserts to book of piano music by Chopin. 45 44

. Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared

their guests. They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩带) and party

. Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. 48 Dario?s mother with a

47 . One woman, Mrs. Gilbert,

“I heard you playing the other night,” she said. “The sounds woke me out of bed. I

49

that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don?t think I disliked the playing.” Dario?s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. “I think maybe we “I didn?t 51 at night. “You play, you play!” Mrs. Gilbert said. “I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.” She pointed to the book she had given them. “These songs are not such 52 music.” “These songs are beautiful music.” Dario?s mother said. “We will be the evening.” “And we won?t play so loud or late!” Dario said. He was already looking forward to 54 53 to play them in 50 you an apology.” she said.

how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music

the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother?s face. It gave him a feeling of 36. A. sat 37. A. voice 38. A. therefore 39. A. note 40. A. proud 41. A. neighbors 42. A. blame 43. A. party 44. A. experience 45. A. to 46. A. continued 47. A. order 48. A. treated 49. A. promised 50. A. give 51. A. realize 52. A. sweet 53. A. brave 55 and made him feel that they were home at last. B. stood B. ring B. however B. poster B. rich B. friends B. instruct B. concert B. idea B. with B. arrived B. sell B. presented B. admitted B. send B. remember B. strange B. sorry C. lay C. music C. otherwise C. bill C. lucky C. relatives C. question C. show C. performance C. for C. passed C. share C. helped C. agreed C. offer C. understand C. funny C. happy D. walked D. cry D. instead D.report D. nice D. audience D. visit D. play D. action D. from D. finished D. advertise D. served D. worried D. owe D. accept D. loud D. afraid
[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

54. A. changing 55. A. equality 【答案】

B. practicing B. freedom

C. recording C. warmth

D. writing D. sympathy

36. A37. C38. B39. A40. D41. A42. D43. A44. B45. C46. B47. C48. B49. D50. D51. A52. D53. C54. B55. C 41. A 考查名词辨析。A. neighbors 邻居们;B. friends 朋友们;C. relatives 亲属,亲戚; D. audiences 听众。此题线索明显,全文都是围绕主人公和周围邻居展开的,故选 A。 42. D 考查动词辨析。A. blame 归咎于,指责;B. instruct 通知,命令;C. questio n 询问, 质问;D. visit 参观,拜访。由上文可知,母子两人对于扰民之事十分抱歉,想要去道歉, 因此“指责”、“指导”和“质问”都不符合语境,故选 D。 43. A 考查名词辨析。A. party 聚会;B. concert 音乐会;C. show 展览;D.play 游戏,比 赛。此题为线索题且为原词复现,由后文可知母子为解决此事办了一场派对,并邀请了邻居 们,故选 A。 44. B 考查名词辨析。 A. experience 经历, 经验; B. idea 主意; C. performance 表演; D. action 行为。此题可排除得知,母子打算办派对,这是一个打算,一个主意,而不是经历、表演表 现或行为。故选 B。 45. C 考查介词辨析。A. to 到;B. with 伴随着;for 为了;D. from 来自。母子办派对, 准备了甜点是为了招待客人们,介词 for 有表“为了”的含义,故选 C。 46. B 考查动词辨析。A. continue 继续;B. arrive 到达;C. pass 通过;D. finish 完成。根 据上文,他们举办了一次聚会,准备许久,这一天终于到来了,故选 B。 47. C 考查动词辨析。A. order 命令,点菜;B. sell 买;C. share 分享;D. advertise 做广 告。根据本句话的意思:甚至有人带了甜点来分享,故选 C。 48. B 考查动词辨析。A. treat 招待,治疗;B. present 呈现;C. help 帮助;D. serve 为?? 服务。这道题有难度,根据本句话的意思:Mrs.Gilbert 送给了 Dario 的妈妈一本音乐书, 能表达出“送”这个动作的,就是 present“呈现?,给?”,故选 B。 49. D 考查动词辨析。 A. promise 承诺; B. admit 许可进入; C. agree 同意; D. serve 服务。 根据题意, Mrs.Gilbert 之所以留了一张抱怨小纸条是担心每天晚上都会这么吵, 故选 D。

50. D 考查动词辨析。A. give 给;B. send 发送;C. offer 提供;D. owe 感激,欠??债。 这个空可以看作是固定搭配,owe sb. an apology 应该向某人道歉。故选 D。 51. A 考查动词辨析。A. realize 意识到;B. remember 记起;C. understand 理解,懂的; D. accept 接受。Dario 的妈妈道歉说:我也没意识到当时那么晚了我们还在弹钢琴。应该选 择“意识到”这个动词,故选 A。 52. D 考查形容词辨析。A. sweet 甜的;B. strange 奇怪的,陌生的;C. funny 滑稽的;D. loud 声音大的,吵闹的。根据上一句:I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.说明 Mrs. Gilbert 不喜欢那么吵的音乐,因此她送了 Dario 的妈妈一本比较安静的音乐书,也就是不 那么吵的音乐(not such loud music)。故选 D。 53. C 考查形容词辨析。A. brave 勇敢的;B. sorry 抱歉的;C. happy 快乐的;D. afraid 害 怕的。通过上文:These songs are beautiful music, 说明 Dario 的妈妈很喜欢这些音乐,所以 we will be happy to play them。故选 C。 54. B 考查动词辨析。A. change 变化;B. practice 练习,实践;C. record 记录;D. write 写作。根据题意,应该是练习音乐,故选 B。 55. C 考查名词辨析。A. quality 品质;B. freedom 自由;C. warmth 温暖; D. sympathy 同情心;看本句话后半部分:and made him feel that they were home at last. 如 在家中一样,那就应该感受到了温暖,故选 C。 【考点定位】故事类阅读

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(海南卷)
Where do you go when you want to learn something? School? A friend? A tutor? These are all 41 places of learning. But it may well be that the learning you really want 43 44 . 45 a 42 somewhere else

instead. I had the

of seeing this first hand on a

My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did well this season and so

tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some 46 experiences on Saturday as they played against teams her 48 47 trained. Through the first two games, 49 seeing my daughter playing

did not get one serious shot on goal. As a parent, I 50 still defeated. 51

her best,

It seemed that something clicked with the 52 for their Sunday game, they were 53 54

between Saturday and Sunday. When they

different. They had begun to integrate (融合) the the day before into their 55 . They played

kinds of play and teamwork they had aggressively and It 57 56 scored a goal.

me that playing against the other team was a great

58

moment for all the girls on

the team. I think it is a general principle. 59 be 60

is the best teacher. The lessons they learned may not

what they would have gotten in school, but are certainly more personal and meaningful,

because they had to work them out on their own. 41. A. public 42. A. passes 43. A. dream 44. A. trip 45. A. won 46. A. painful 47. A. less 48. A. fans 49. A. imagined 50. A. if 51. A. girls 52. A. dressed 53. A. slightly 54. A. seen 55. A. styles 56. A. even 57. A. confused 58. A. touching B. traditional B. works B. idea B. holiday B. entered B. strange B. poorly B. tutors B. hated B. or B. parents B. showed up B. hardly B. known B. training B. still B. struck B. thinking C. official C. lies C. habit C. weekend C. organized C. common C. newly C. class C. avoided C. but C. coaches C. made up C. basically C. heard C. game C. seldom C. reminded C. encouraging D. special D. ends D. chance D. square D. watched D. practical D. better D. team D. missed D. as D. viewers D. planned D. completely D. read D. rules D. again D. warned D. learning

59. A. Experience 60. A. harmful to 【答案】

B. Independence B. mixed with

C. Curiosity C. different from

D. Interest D. applied to

41. B42. C43. D44. C45. B46. A47. D48. D49. B50. C51. A52. B53. D54. A55. C56. A57. B58. D59. A 60. C 42. C 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. passes 传递;B. works 起作用;C. lies 在于; D. ends 结束。本句应该分析句子结构:the learning 后是定语从句 you really want,所以这里所填的 是做谓语的动词。真正想要的学习却不在上述的这些地方,在其他的地方。故选 C。 43. D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. dream 梦想;B. idea 想法;C. habit 习惯;D. chance 机 会。我有机会看到了这样的学习。 44. C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. trip 旅行;B. holiday 假期;C. weekend 周末;D. square 广场。从下文的周六的比赛会很艰苦和 It seemed that something clicked with the between Saturday and Sunday.可知,是周末发生的事。 45. B考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. won赢;B. entered进入;C. organized组织;D. watched观看。从下文可知,女儿所在的足球队打得好所以进入了锦标赛。 46. A考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. painful痛苦的;B. strange奇怪的;C. common普通的;D. practical 实用的。由语境可知,对手比作者女儿的队better trained,可以推断这将是一场痛苦的比赛。 47. D考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. less少于;B. poorly差的;C. newly新的;D. better更好的。 根据常识可知,进入锦标赛的一般都是训练更好的队伍。 48. D考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. fans粉丝;B. tutors教练;C. class班;D. team队。根据上下文可知,是女儿所在的足球队没进球得分。 49. B 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. imagined 想象;B. hated 不喜欢; C. avoided 避免; 51

D. missed 想念,错过。作为家长,一般都不会喜欢看自己的孩子尽力了,又要输。 50. C 考查连词以及对语境的理解。A. if 如果;B. or 或者;C. but 但是;D. as 因为。根据上 文可知,没进球,自己的孩子尽力了却要输,这是作为家长所不愿意看到的。 51. A 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. girls 女孩;B. parents 家长; C. coaches 教练;D. viewers 观众。本文一直在说女儿,当然应该是说女孩子们的变化。 52. B考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. dressed给……穿衣服;B. showed up出现;C. made up编造;D. planned计划。从下文可知,周日和周六的表现完全不同。

53. D 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. slightly 轻微地;B. hardly 几乎不;C. basically 基本地; D. completely 完全地;根据后面文章可知,这些孩子们表现和之前完全不同,completely 符 合语境。 54. A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. seen 看;B. known 她们把她们所看到的球队的打法运用到自己的比赛中。 55. C考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. styles风格;B. training game比赛;D. rules规则。她们把前一天在赛场上看到的打法和团队精神运用到自己的赛场上。所以才和 以前不同。 59. A考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. Experience经历;B. Independence独立;C. Curiosity好奇;D. Interest兴趣。结合全文的意思可知,经历是最好的老师。 60. C考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. harmful to对……有伤害;B. mixed with混合;C. different from不同;D. applied to应用于。亲身体验得到的东西和在学校里学到的可能不同,但是更有个性有意义。 考点:教育类短文阅读。 训练;C. 知道; C. heard 听到; D. read 读。

2015 年普通高等学校 招生全国统一考试(新课标 1 卷)
My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend. On the way ,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said, “ __41___ my job. Family to Feed.” At this store, a __42___ like this is not normal. My 10-year-old noticed him and make a __43____ on how bad it must be to have to stand ___44____ in the cold wind. In the store, I asked each of my kids to __45___ something they thought our “friend” there would ___46___. They got apples, a sandwich and a bottle of juice. Then my 17-year-old suggested giving him a ___47____. I thought about it. We were ___48__ on cash ourselves, but… well, sometimes __49___ from our need instead of our abundance is ___50__ what we need to do! All the kids __51____ something they could do away with for the week. When we handed him the bag of __52__, he lit up and thanked us with ___53__ eyes. When I handed him the gift card, saying he could use it for __54____his family might need, he burst into tears.

This has been a wonderful ___55__ for our family. For days the kids have been looking for others we can __56___! Things would have played out so __57____ if I had simply said, “No, we really don?t have ___58___ to give more.” Stepping out not only helped a brother in __59___, it also gave my kids the __60____ taste of helping others. It?ll go a long way with them. 41. A. Lost 42. A condition 43. A. suggestion 44. A. outside 45. A. draw 46. A. order 47. A. dollar 48. A. easy 49. A. giving 50. A. yet 51. A. declared 52. A . toys 53. A. sleepy 54. A. whoever 55. A. experience 56. A. rely on 57. A. suddenly 58. A. time 59. A. fear 60. A. strong B. Changed B. place B. comment B. proudly B. say B. supply B. job B. low B. saving B. even B. shared B. medicine B. watery B. whatever B. example B. respect B. vividly B. power B. love B. sweet C. Quit C. sight C. decision C. by C. arrange C. appreciate C. hot meal C. soft C. spending C. still C. ignored C. food C. curious C. whichever C. message C. learn from C. differently C. patience C. need C. strange D. Finished D. show D. call D. angrily D. pick D. discover D. gift card D. loose D. begging D. just D. expected D. clothes D. sharp D. whenever D. adventure D. help D. perfectly D. money D. memory D. simple

文章大意:文章讲述了在周末作者带孩子们去超市,在路上看到一个需要帮助的人。在超市 里作者和孩子买了许多东西给这个需要帮助的人的故事。 41.A。短语 lose one?s job 失业。在路上,我们注意到一个男人握着一张纸,纸上写到:“失 业,需要养家。”故选 A。 42.C。sight 这里指“场景”。在这家商店,像这样的场景并不正常。故选 C。 43.B。make a comment on 对……发表看法。我 10 岁的孩子注意到他,并评论说他一定很糟 糕。故选 B。 44.A。根据常识可知是站在外面,故用 outside。故选 A。

45.D。pick 挑选。在商店里,我要求每一个孩子挑选一些他们认为我们“朋友”可能会需要的 东西。故选 D。 46 B。supply 提供。这里指商店所能提供的东西。故选 B。 47.D。根据下文提示可知,我 17 岁的孩子建议给他一张礼物卡。故选 D。 48.C。考查短语 be soft on 爱上。我们都彼此相亲相爱。故先 C。 49.A。但是有时给予是来自我们自己的需要。故选 A。 50.D。just 仅仅,只是。仅仅是我们需要做的。故选 D。 51.D。所有的孩子都期望一些他们能买他们能做的东西。故选 D。 52.C。根据上文的 apples, sandwich and a bottle of juice 可知是食物。故选 C。 53.B。watery 潮湿的。带着潮湿的双眼感谢我们。故选 B。 54.B。动词 need 缺少宾语,故用 whatever。故选 B。 55.A。experience 经历。这对我们家庭是一次极好的经历。故选 A。 56.D。help 帮助。多少天来,孩子们一直在寻找我们能够帮助的其他人。故选 D。 57.C。differently 不同地。事情发生得如此的不同。故选 C。 58.D。money 金钱。我们真的不需要给更多的钱。故选 D。 59.C。in need 在危难中。走出去不仅仅帮助在危难中的兄弟。故先 C。 60.B。sweet 甜的。也给予我孩子们帮助他人的甜头。


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