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三年经典 定语从句(学生)包括讲解习题自己整理


文慧中学辅导(三年经典)2010-2012 全国中考英语精选:定语从句 【知识要点】 在复合句中 , 修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句 , 被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词 , 引导定语从句的有关系代词 who, whom, whose, which, that 等和关系副词 where, when, why 等 , 关系代词和关系副词在定语从句中担任句子成份。 一、转变? I have a lively son→I have a son who is lively. 形容词修饰名词,转变为定语从句。 二、解决问题 关系代词(做从句成分):that,which,who, whom, whose, 关系副词(不做从句成分):when, where, why 三、五种简单句类型 1、主语+谓语(vi) He studis hard

2、主语+谓语(vt)+宾语 He studies English hard. 3、主语+谓语(vt)+宾语+宾语 (主谓双宾)He gave me a pen 4、主语+谓语(vt)+宾语+宾补 He makes me happy 5、主语+系动词+表语 He looks very young 四、规律:缺成分,用代词。不缺成分,用副词。 代词的用法: 关 系 词 that which who whom whose when where why 可 代 指 人/物 物 人 人 时间 地点 原因 在从句的成分 主语/宾语 主语/宾语 主语 宾语

Whose+名词一起构成从句主语

口诀:作主语 指物→that/which 作主语 指人→that/ who 作宾语 指物→that/which /不填 作宾语 指人→that/ whom/不填 五、特殊情况 1、不用 that 的情况 (1)非限制性定语从句是对主句先行词的补充说明 , 没有这种从句 , 不影响主句意思的完整 , 一般用逗号把主 句和从句分开 ,关系代词用 which,不用 that;指人时可用 who,如 : I have two brothers, who are both students. (2)在介词后,用 which。 2、注意在下面几种情况下必须用 that 引导定语从句。 (1)先行词是不定代词 all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything 等 , 如 : All that we have to do is to practise English. (2)先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰,如 The first letter that I got from him will be kept. (3)先行词被 all, any, every, each, few, little, no, some 等修饰 , 如 I've eaten up all the food that you gave me. (4)先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the last 修饰时如 He is the only person that I want to talk with. (5)先行词既有人又有物时,如: They talked about persons and things that they met. (6)当句中已有 who 时 , 为避免重复 ,如 :Who is the man that is giving us the class? 8.如何简化定语从句 (1)定语从句简化为形容词或形容词短语作后置定语。如: My grandfather lives in a village that is far away from here. →My grandfather lives in a village far away from here.我祖父住在离这儿很远的一个村子。 This is a book that is worth reading.

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文慧中学辅导(三年经典)2010-2012 全国中考英语精选:定语从句 →This is a book worth reading. 这是一本值得看的书。 (2) 定语从句简化为现在分词或现在分词短语作前置或后置定语。 The man who is standing under the tree is our English teacher. →The man standing under the tree is our English teacher. 站在树下面的那个人是我们的英语老师。 I saw the house that was burning at that time.→I saw the burning house at that time. 当时我看到那房子在燃烧。 (3)定语从句简化为过去分词短语作后置定语。 I like to see the films which are directed by Zhang Yimou.→I like to see the films directed by Zhang Yimou. 我喜欢看张艺谋导演的电影。 She is the girl who was praised at the school meeting.→She is the girl praised at the school meeting. 她就是在校会上受表彰的那个女孩。 (4)定语从句简化为不定式作后置定语。 He is always the first person that comes to school.→He is always the first person to come to school.他总是第一个到校。 The report which will be given tomorrow is important to us.→The report to be given tomorrow is important to us. 明天要作的报告对我们很重要。 (5)定语从句简化为 what 从句。 I couldn't remember the words that he said.→I couldn't remember what he said. 我记不得他说的话。 注意:由 when, where, why 引导的定语从句,如: I don't know the reason why he was late. This is the place where we have lived for 5 years. I'll never forget the day when I met Mr Li for the first time. 注意:先行词是表示地点时,如果从句的谓语动词是及物的,就用 that(which),如果从句的谓语动词是不及物的,就 用 where 引导。This is the house Which /that he has lived in for 15 years.(Where he has lived for 15 year.) (三年经典)2010-2012 全国各地中考英语试题精选:定语从句 1、(2010 .河北中考) There are lots of things I need to prepare before the trip. A. who B. that C. whom D. whose 2、(2010.自贡中考)Jim dislikes people ______talk much but never do anything . A.who B.whom C.whose 3、(2010 南京中考)—I hear Sam has gone to Qiandiao for his holiday. --Oh,how nice!Do you know when he_______? A.left B.was leaving C.has left D.had left 4、 (2010.衢州中考)We are trying to help those children _____ lost their parents in Yushu , Qinghai Province. A. which B. when C. who D. whose 5、 (2010.长沙中考)Do you know the girl _______is singing in the classroom? A.who B.which C.when 6、(2010·通化中考)Jim dislikes people _______talk much but never do anything. A.whom B.when C.whose D.who 7、(2010·扬州中考)—The volunteers are doing a great job in Yushu. --Yes.They are helping the people ______are suffering from the earthquake. A.which B.what C./ D.who 8、(2010 成都中考)Have you found the answer to the question ______I asked you this morning? A.when B.what C.that 9、(2010·河南中考)Friends are those make you smile,always open their hearts to you and encourage you to succeed A which B what C whom D who 10、(2010·十堰中考)I began to work in Shanghai in the year _______HongKong was returned to China. A.that B.which C.where D.when 11、【2011 广西百色】 34.The policeman caught the thief ______ has stolen Mr. Li’s computer. A. which B. whose C. whom D. who
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文慧中学辅导(三年经典)2010-2012 全国中考英语精选:定语从句 12、(2011 桂林)37. The basketball ________ I bought yesterday cost me 80 yuan. A. that B. where C. who D. when 13、【河北省 2011】43. The teachers came for a visit are foreigners. A. who B. whom C. whose D. which 14、【2011?河南省】32. Tony, tell me the result of the discussion_____ you had with your dad yesterday. A. what B. which C. when D. who 15、【2011 黑龙江绥化市】()18. This is the camera______my uncle gave me for my birthday.

A. which B. who C. what
16、【2011 广西南宁市】31. My grandparents like to live in a house _______ is not very big but bright and comfortable. A. that B. who C. what D. whose 17、【2011 贵州贵阳】41. Mary Smith says she likes to have friends_________ are different from her. A. whose B. which C. who 18【2011 湖南湘西】24. Do you know the girl _________ is singing in the classroom? A. when B. who C. which 19、 (2011 湖南岳阳中考) 30.I can’t forget the time the earthquake happened in Yushu. A. when B. which C. where 20、【2011 山东滨州】33. I hate people _________don’t help others when they are in trouble. A. who B. which C. whose D. where[来源:学。科。网] 21、【浙江湖州】 21.— What kind of movies do you like? — I like the movies ____ are about Chinese history. A. who B. whom C. whose D. that 22、【2011 浙江衢州】23. The photos successfully show the rich culture ______makes Beijing so famous. A. what B. which C. who D. why 23【2011?四川成都】34. The old man asked the girl to take another seat he wanted to sit next to his wife. A. because B. so that C. so 24、【2011?四川成都】42. Kate was so glad she received a Christmas gift from his grandparents away in Thailand.A. that B. when C. if 25、【2011 四川绵阳】14. The girl catches the flowers on a wedding will be the next to get married. A. whom B. which C. who D. whose 26、【2011?扬州】One of the most interesting places in Yangzhou ________ are often visited by foreigners is the West Slender Lake. A. what B. who C. that D. / 27、【2011湖北黄冈】38. —Who is your new head teacher this semester? [来源:学,科,网] —The woman _______ is wearing a red skirt. A. whom B. who C. whose D. which 28、【2011?铜仁】32. Li Mei is the student _________ handwriting is the best in our class. A. whose B. whom C. who D. that 29、【2011 呼和浩特】10. ---- Is there anyone here name isBetty? ---- Sorry, I don’t know. A. who B. which C.whom D. whose 30、【2011 四川达州】24.—Where did you go last week? ? —I went to Zhang Aiping’s hometown and visited the house he was born in. ? A. that B. there C. who D. whose 31、【2011?四川南充】26. Is that the man_______ helped us a lot after the earthquake? A. which B. who C. whom 32、(2011 四川资阳)20.—I hear that Lily’s brother is a worker here. —Look, the man _________ is working over there is her brother. A. who B. whom C. what D. which 33、【2011 天津】44. John is the boy_____ legs were badly hurt in the accident. A. whose B. that C. who D. which 34、【2011清远】33. Have you read the book _____ is about the moon? A. what B. it C. / D. which
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文慧中学辅导(三年经典)2010-2012 全国中考英语精选:定语从句 35、【2011?宁夏】( )23. —Do you know the girl __is talking to our English teacher? —Yes. She's my sister. A who B. whom C. which D. Whose 36、【2011 河源】32.I hate those ________ don’t help others when they are in trouble. A.who B.which C.what D.where 37、【2011 哈尔滨】29. "Get new knowledge by reviewing the old" is a famous saying by Confucius(孔子). He was a great thinker words still have a great effect on millions of people around the world today. A. who B. who's C. whose 38、【2011乌鲁木齐】30. We don't like people _ talk too much but never do anything. A. whose B. who C. when D. which 39、【2011梧州】43. –Do you know the boy ___ is standing under the tree?[来源:学§科§网] -- Yes, he is my friend, Peter.A. what B. who C. whom D. whose 40、【2011 福建莆田】( ) 37. —What did he say just now? —He asked me_________, A. when my sister came back B. when did my sister come back C. when will my sister come back 41、【2011 黑龙江齐齐哈尔】( )31.—Do you know the girl in white is? —I’m not sure. Maybe she is a doctor. A. how B. where C. what 42、【2011 浙江杭州】23. Who is the man ______ is reading a book over there? A. that B. which C. whose D. What 43、【2011 浙江金华】26. — Do you know ? — Sorry, I don't have a watch. A. whose watch this is B.whose watch is this C. what time it is D. what time is it 44、【2011 山东临沂】24. Peter likes music _________is very loud and energetic. A. that B. who C. whom D. / 45、【2011 浙江舟山】23. There will be a stamp show in the museum ______ we visited last week. A. who B. when C. which D. what 46、【2011四川内江】35. I'm going to start a club to help students _____ are not interested in schoolwork. A. whose B. who C. whom 47、30. 【2011?株洲】Gina loves singers _______ write their own music. A. which B. who C. has worked 48、【2011?广州】( )4. The story ______ I read the newspaper was about a common problem among teenagers. A. whose B. who C. that D. where 49、【2011 湖北十堰】38. I’ve become good friends with several of the students in my school __________ I met in the English speech contest last year. A. who B. where C. when D. which 50、【2011 肇庆】30. People from different places come to visit Zhaoqing ______ is famous for its beautiful mountains and lakes. A. what B. which C. who 51、28. ---What are you looking for? ---I’m looking for the book ________ you lent me yesterday. [来源:Www.zk5u.com] A. that B. who C. whose 52、【2011 广东】44. The first thing _____ my brother is going to do this afternoon is to write a letter. A. which B. that C. why D. who 53、【2011 本溪】10. He is a person ______ is easy to get along with. A. who B. which C. whom D. what 54、【2011 山东菏泽】31. I’ ll never forget the day_____ the great scientist came to our school and gave us a speech. A. that B. which C. when D. where 55、【2011 湖南株洲】28. People often like clothes ______ can make them look young. A. when B. who C. that 56、【2012贵州贵阳】37. “What do you think of the school uniforms?” “Very good. I like clothes ______ make me feel comfortable.” A. that B. what C. who
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文慧中学辅导(三年经典)2010-2012 全国中考英语精选:定语从句 57、【2012贵州贵阳】37. “What do you think of the school uniforms?” “Very good. I like clothes ______ make me feel comfortable.” A. that B. what C. who 58、 【2012 广东】42. There will be a flower show in the park we visited last week. A. who B. when C. what D. Which 59、【2012 广西玉林】37. —Now many people smoke and get ill. —So we should do something ______ can help stop smoking. A. what B. who C. / D. that 60、【2012 湖北黄石】30.I still remember the time_____we spent together at Xisai Mountain last year. A.when B.what C.who D.which 61、【2012 湖北十堰】38. One of the most delicious drinks _________ I like is orange juice. [ A. which B. that C. whose D. whom 62、【2012 湖北随州】35. —There are so many girls over there. Which one is your sister? —The one ______hat is yellow. A. who B. whose C. that D. which 63、【2012 湖北咸宁】29. We all like the story about the teacher _______ happened in our school last week. A A. which B. who C. whom D. what 64、【2012 江苏南京】7. The English-Chinese dictionary my father bought for me many years ago is still of great value. A. whose B. when C. who D. that 65、【2012 江苏扬州】12. Zhang Lili is considered as the most beautiful teacher gave her love to her students in danger. A. who B. that C. whom D. which 66、【2012 呼和浩特】9. The little boy was wrapping the present _____ world be sent to his teacher. A. who B. / C. what D. that 67、【2012 广东省梅州市】35. Mr. Smith __________ is smoking is looking for________ she lost yesterday. A. whom; which B. who; what C. that; who D. which; where 68、【2011河南】( ) 33. Success will belong to those ________never say "impossible". A. whom B. what C. who D. which 69、【2012 山东滨州】33. —What are you looking for? —I'm looking for the ring ______my husband bought me last year. A. that B. who C. whom D. it 70、【2012 山东泰安】38. I hate people ______ talk much but do little. A. who B. which C. whose D. whom 71、28.Piano is a word________ was originally borrowed from Italian. A.where B.who C.which D.whose 72、【 2012 四川成都】36. It’s interesting that there are many people speak French in Canada. A. which B. where C. who 73、【2012 绵阳市】20. I can never forget the stories________ my grandma told me. A. what B. who C. them D. that 74、【2012 四川宜宾】26. This is the primary school ______ I studied three years ago. A. where B. when C. that D. which 75、【2012 天津】44. Please pass me the cartoon book _________ has a Mickey Mouse on the cover. A. whom B. whose C. who D. which 76、【2012浙江湖州】21.—What kind of movies do you like? —I like the move ______ are about Chinese history. A. who B. whom C. whose D which 77、【2012浙江嘉兴】21. Most students like the teachers understand them well A. who B. when C. what D. which 78、【2012浙江衢州】27. — What are you looking for ? — I'm looking for the pen________my father gave me last week.A- who B. which C, whose D. whom 79、【2012 贵州黔东南州】29_ --- Do you know the girl_____ is helping the old woman. -Oh, that's my sister,A. whom B. whose C. who D. where 80、【2012 山东·东营市】26. Steve Jobs is one of the persons founded Apple Computer Company. His death marked the end of an era (时代). A. who B. whom C. Which D. / 81 【2012 四川达州】23. —Do you enjoy My heart will go on? —No, I prefer songs loud.A. that is B. which is C. that are D. what are
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