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三年高考(2017-2019)英语真题分项版解析——专题19 完形填空夹叙夹议文(原卷版)

三年(2017-2019)高考真题英语分项汇编

专题 19 完形填空夹叙夹议文

一、2019 年高考真题

1. 【2019·全国卷 I】

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Every year about 40,000 people attempt to climb Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. They ___41___ with them lots of waste. The ___42___ might damage the beauty of the place. The glaciers(冰川)are disappearing,

changing the ___43___ of Kilimanjaro.

Hearing these stories, I’m ___44___ about the place — other destinations are described as “purer” natural

experiences.

However, I soon ___45___ that much has changed since the days of disturbing reports of ___46___ among

tons of rubbish. I find a ___47___ mountain, with toilets at camps and along the paths. The environmental

challenges are ___48___ but the efforts made by the Tanzania National Park Authority seem to be ___49___.

The best of a Kilimanjaro ___50___, in my opinion, isn’t reaching the top. Mountains are ___51___ as

spiritual places by many cultures. This ___52___ is especially evident on Kilimanjaro as ___53___ go through five ecosystems(生态系统)in the space of a few kilometers. At the base is a rainforest. It ends abruptly at 3, 000 meters,

___54___ lands of low growing plants. Further up, the weather ___55___ — low clouds envelope the

mountainsides, which are covered with thick grass. I ___56___ twelve shades of green from where I stand. Above 4, 000 meters is the highland ___57___: gravel(砾石), stones and rocks. ___58___ you climb into an arctic-like zone

with ___59___ snow and the glaciers that may soon disappear.

Does Kilimanjaro ___60___ its reputation as a crowded mountain with lines of tourists ruining the atmosphere of peace?I found the opposite to be true.

41. A. keep

B. mix

C. connect

D. bring

42. A. stories

B. buildings

C. crowds

D. reporters

43. A. position

B. age

C. face

D. name

44. A. silent

B. skeptical

C. serious

D. crazy

45. A. discover

B. argue

C. decide

D. advocate

46. A. equipment

B. grass

C. camps

D. stones

47. A. remote

B. quiet

C. all

D. clean

48. A. new

B. special

C. significant

D. necessary

49. A. paying off

B. spreading out

C. blowing up

D. fading away

50. A. atmosphere

B. experience

C. experiment

D. sight

51. A. studied

B. observed

C. explored

D. regarded

52. A. view

B. quality

C. reason

D. purpose

53. A. scientists

B. climbers

C. locals

D. officials

54. A. holding on to

B. going back to

C. living up to

D. giving way to

55. A. changes

B. clears

C. improves

D. permits

56. A. match

B. imagine

C. count

D. add

57. A. village

B. desert

C. road

D. lake

58. A. Obviously

B. Easily

C. Consequently

D. Finally

59. A. permanent

B. little

C. fresh

D. artificial

60. A. enjoy 2. 【2019·江苏卷】

B. deserve

C. save

D. acquire

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。

Wildlife has been greatly threatened in the modem age. There are species(物种)that are ___36___ every day.

The white-naped crane is a typical example. So scientists are trying their best to ___37___ the species from going

out of existence.

Chris and Tim work at a zoo, helping endangered cranes with their ___38___. Emma, a female crane, has been

in their ___39___ since she arrived in 2004.

Born at an international crane foundation, Emma was ___40___ by human caretakers. This led to an

unexpected ___41___, though she had a wonderful time there. Emma had ___42___ taken herself as a crane and

become deeply attached to humans. She ___43___ to live with male cranes, and even had a ___44___ for killing

some of them, which made it ___45___ for her to become a mother. ___46___, the two zookeepers didn’t want to see the extinction(灭绝)of this precious species. With their

patience and efforts, they successfully developed a ___47___ of artificial breeding(人工繁殖)and natural

reproduction. This ___48___ Emma to give birth to five baby cranes.

The two keepers are proud of their productive work. But before they can be ___49___, more efforts must be

made, because the population of the crane in the wild is on the ___50___, and many other species appear headed

toward extinction. ___51___, not everyone has realized that wildlife has thoughts, feelings, and most importantly,

equal rights to survive.

How can we ___52___ the ever-widening gap that separates us from other animals? Chris and Tim offered us

the ___53___: human beings took it for granted that their ___54___ held all the solutions, but maybe their hearts

can be a better ___55___.

36. A. growing

B. migrating

C. competing

D. disappearing

37. A. ban

B. save

C. split

D. remove

38. A. abortion

B. recreation

C. reproduction

D. administration

39. A. care

B. eye

C. mind

D. story

40. A. found

B. chosen

C. raised

D. seized

41. A. bonus

B. consequence

C. victory

D. sacrifice

42. A. never

B. always

C. unluckily

D. cheerfully

43. A. liked

B. refused

C. decided

D. hesitated

44. A. gift

B. skill

C. concern

D. reputation

45. A. illegal

B. inspiring

C. important

D. impossible

46. A. Therefore

B. Moreover

C. However

D. Instead

47. A. combination

B. collection

C. strategy

D. system

48. A. forced

B. forbade

C. taught

D. enabled

49. A. defeated

B. grateful

C. assured

D. tolerant

50. A.list

B. rise

C. agenda

D. decline

51. A. In contrast

B. After all

C. By the way

D. On the contrary

52. A. leave

B. bridge

C. open

D. identify

53. A. course

B. excuse

C. answer

D. reward

54. A. brains

B. behaviors

C. services

D. projects

55. A. guide

B. treat

C. example

D. companion

3. 【2019·天津卷】

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16~35 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

I was ready to pay for my bananas at the grocery one night,when fear seized me. My wallet was gone. I could

only have left it on the G9 bus,which was now speeding in the dark to some______16______station.

The____17____moment was quickly followed by mental math. How much time and money would it cost to

replace the_____18_____of that little wallet?The credit cards,the driver's license,the cash,all lost to the bus.

Two hours later,back at my house,I heard a knock on the door. My husband _____19_____it while I was on

the phone in the dining room. "Does Jennifer live here?" I heard a lady say. In my husband's hand was my wallet,

with not a penny_____20_____. She left before I could ____21____ make it to the door to offer my thanks.

After sharing the story online,I heard from someone,who ____22____ the lady as Erin Smith. Without

___23___ ,I called to thank her. She said she ____24____ my wallet on a bus seat. She_____25_____that going to

a stranger's house was a ____26____ move,but she decided to take the chance. "If I were in that ____27____ I

would want someone to try to find me," she said.

This one stranger responded beautifully to my small ____28____ ,but she actually wasn't the only one. Right

after Erin ____29____ my wallet on the bus,she posted a picture of my driver's license to an online forum(论坛),

trying to see ____30____ anyone knew me. No sooner did she leave my doorstep than I had emails from two

women whose kids go to my son's nursery and who recognized my face. I've never ____31____ words with those

moms beyond small tall,but they wanted to help. I read that people are more divided than ever,but that's not how

the people I_____32_____tend to act.

___33___,I feel blessed someone had wanted to help a stranger. Erin had gone ____34____what almost

anyone would have done,finding my house on a bitterly cold night,and for that I was extremely ____35____ .

16. A. accessible

B. hidden

C. unknown

D. convenient

17. A. face-saving

B. brain-washing

C. eye-catching

D. heart-stopping

18. A. parts

B. contents

C. details

D. ingredients

19. A. ignored

B. answered

C. examined

D. interrupted

20. A. missing

B. returned

C. remaining

D. abandoned

21. A. still

B. ever

C. yet

D. even

22. A. selected

B. appointed

C. identified

D. defined

23. A. delay

B. alarm

C. regret

D. invitation

24. A. moved

B. placed

C. opened

D. spotted

25. A. disagreed

B. complained

C. calculated

D. recommended

26. A. selfless 27. A. site 28. A. crisis 29. A. got rid of 30. A. if 31. A. recalled 32. A. encounter 33. A. Going away 34. A. into 35. A. longing

B. risky B. direction B. danger B. made use of B. where B. exchanged B. follow B. Turning around B. against B. enthusiastic

C. slow C. situation C. threat C. had control of C. how C. repeated C. consult C. Looking back? C. over C. concerned

D. personal D. atmosphere D. failure D. took possession of D. when D. whispered D. accompany D. Coming along D. beyond D. grateful

二、2018 年高考真题 1.【2018·全国卷 I】
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
During my second year at the city college, I was told that the education department was offering a “free” course, called Thinking Chess, for three credits. I 41 the idea of taking the class because, after all, who doesn’t want to 42 a few dollars? More than that, I’d always wanted to learn chess. And, even if I weren’t 43 enough about free credits, news about our 44 was appealing enough to me. He was an international grandmaster, which 45 I would be learning from one of the game’s 46 . I could hardly wait to 47 him.
Maurice Ashley was kind and smart, a former graduate returning to teach, and this 48 was no game for him; he meant business. In his introduction, he made it 49 that our credits would be hard-earned. In order to 50 the class, among other criteria, we had to write a paper on how we plan to 51 what we would learn in class to our future professions and, 52 , to our lives. I managed to get an A in that 53 and learned life lessons that have served me well beyond the 54 .
Ten years after my chess class with Ashley, I’m still putting to use what he 55 me: “The absolute most important 56 that you learn when you play chess is how to make good 57 . On every single move you have to 58 a situation, process what your opponent (对手) is doing and 59 the best move from among all your options.” These words still ring true today in my 60 as a journalist.

41. A. put forward

B. jumped at

C. tried out

D. turned down

42. A. waste

B. earn

C. save

D. pay

43. A. excited

B. worried

C. moved

D. tired

44. A. title

B. competitor

C. textbook

D. instructor

45. A. urged

B. demanded

C. held

D. meant

46. A. fastest

B. easiest

C. best

D. rarest

47. A. interview

B. meet

C. challenge

D. beat

48. A. chance

B. qualification

C. honor

D. job

49. A. real

B. perfect

C. clear

D. possible

50. A. attend

B. pass

C. skip

D. observe

51. A. add

B. expose

C. apply

D. compare

52. A. eventually

B. naturally

C. directly

D. normally

53. A. game

B. presentation

C. course

D. experiment

54. A. criterion

B. classroom

C. department

D. situation

55. A. taught

B. wrote

C. questioned

D. promised

56. A. fact

B. step

C. manner

D. skill

57. A. grades

B. decisions

C. impressions

D. comments

58. A. analyze

B. describe

C. rebuild

D. control

59. A. announce

B. signal

C. block

D. evaluate

60. A. role

B. desire

C. concern

D. behavior

2.【2018·浙江卷】

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并

在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

We have all heard how time is more valuable than money, but is it 36 to have too much?

I 37 back in high school I spent most of my day at school since I also 38 a team sport. By the time

I got home, I only had a few hours to do my homework, and I had to do it ___39____

When I got into college, things __40 . I suddenly found myself out of class before noon time. Because of

all this ___41___ there was no sense of ___42____ to do my school work immediately. I was performing this action

of waiting until it later became 43 .Once that happened, I just kept 44 my studying further and further back

in my day. Then I got to the point where I was 45 really late at night to get my work alone. One day I 46 a former classmate of mine who was 47 a lot of money running a sideline(副
业).Since his regular job was 48 ,I asked him why he just didn't do his sideline full-time. He said without the

job, he would 49 have too much time and would just do what I did back in 50 .He said that if he 51

the job, he would lose his 52 to work and succeed.

So, try 53 your time with other work. This is why there is a 54 that if you want something done, ask

a 55 person to do it.

36. A. true

B. fair

C. strange

D. possible

37. A. remember

B. admit

C. understand

D. expect

38. A. watched

B. loved.

C. coached

D. played

39.A. at last

B. right away

C. of course

D. mattered

40.A. happened

B. repeated

C. changed

D. mattered

41.A. extra

B .difficult.

C. valuable

D. limited

42.A. duty

B. achievement C .urgency

D. direction

43.A. burden

B. relief

C. risk

D. habit

44. A. pushing

B. taking

C. setting

D. calling

45. A. hanging out

B. staying up

C. jogging round

D. showing off

46. A. met

B. helped

C. treated

D. hired

47. A. raising

B. wasting

C. demanding

D. making

48. A. safe

B. important

C. boring

D. rewarding

49.A. luckily

B. hardly

C. hopefully

D. simply

50.A. childhood

B. college

C. town

D. business

51.A. quit

B. found

C. accepted

D. kept

52. A. heart

B. chance

C. drive

D. way

53.A. saving

B. filling up

C. giving up

D. trading

54. A. message

B. story

C. saying

D. fact

55. A. careful

B. busy

C. reliable

D. kind

三、2017 年高考真题

【2017·天津卷】 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16~35 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

At my heaviest I weighed 370 pounds. I had a very poor relationship with food: I used it to 16 bad

feelings, to make myself feel better, and to celebrate. Worried about my health, I tried many different kinds of

17 but nothing worked. I came to believe that I could do nothing about my 18 .

When I was 50, my weight problem began to affect me 19 . I didn’t want to live the rest of my life with

this 20 weight any more.

That year, I 21 a seminar where we were asked to create a project that would touch the world. A seminar

leader shared her 22 story — she had not only 125 lost pounds, but also raised $25,000 for homeless children. 23 by her story, I created the As We Heal(痊愈), the World Heals 24 . My goal was to lose 150

pounds in one year and raise $50,000 25 a movement founded 30 years ago to end hunger. This combination

of healing myself and healing the world 26 me as the perfect solution.

27 I began my own personal weight program, I was filled with the fear that I would 28 the same

difficulties that beat me before. While the 29 hung over my head, there were also signs that I was headed

down the right 30 . I sent letters to everyone I knew, telling them about my project. It worked perfectly.

Donations began 31 in from hundreds of people. Of course, I also took some practical steps to lose weight. I consulted with a physician(内科医生), I hired a

fitness coach, and I began to eat small and 32 meals. My fund-raising focus also gave me new motivation to

exercise 33 .

A year later, I 34 my goal: I lost 150 pounds and raised $50,000! I feel that I’ve been given a second life

to devote to something that is 35 and enormous.

16. A. add

B. mix

C. kill

D. share

17. A. diets

B. drinks

C. fruits

D. dishes

18. A. height

B. ability

C. wisdom

D. weight

19. A. temporarily

B. recently

C. seriously

D. secretly

20. A. ideal

B. extra

C. normal

D. low

21. A. attended

B. organized

C. recommended

D. mentioned

22. A. folk 23. A. Surprised 24. A. project 25. A. in search of 26. A. scared 27. A. As 28. A. get over 29. A. excitement 30. A. row 31. A. breaking 32. A. heavy 33. A. regularly 34. A. set 35. A. stressful

B. success B. Amused B. business B. in need of B. considered B. Until B. run into B. joy B. hall B. flooding B. full B. limitlessly B. reached B. painful

C. adventure C. Influenced C. system C. in place of C. confused C. If C. look for C. anger C. path C. jumping C. expensive C. suddenly C. missed C. meaningful

D. science D. Disturbed D. custom D. in support of D. struck D. Unless D. put aside D. fear D. street D. stepping D. healthy D. randomly D. dropped D. peaceful