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Book1, Module 1 短语: 1. look forward to 期待,盼望 2. be amazed at 对…很惊奇 to one?s amazement / surprise 令某人惊奇的是 3. be impressed with 某人对…印象深刻 leave/ have/ make a(n)… impression on sb. 给某人留下…的印象 4. be similar to sb in sth 和某人在某方面相似 He is similar to me in character. 5. in other words 换句话说 word came that 消息传来 Word came that he would come to see us all. 6. nothing like 一点也不像; 完全不,根本没有 It looks nothing like a horse. 它一点也不像一匹马。 I had nothing like enough time to answer all the questions. 我根本来不及回答所 有问题。 7. be divided into 被划分为 8. by oneself 单独地,独自地 9. at the start of / at the end of 10. take part in 参加 take an active part in 积极参加 11. be enthusiastic about 对…热心 12. with this method/ in this way/ by this means 用这种方法 13. follow one?s instructions 遵照某人的指示 句型: 倍数表达法 ① A is + 倍数+ as + adj + as B ② A is + 倍数+ 比较级+ than B ③ A is + 倍数 + the size/ length/ width/ height/ depth + of B 随练 1. She looked at me in _________. (amaze) 2. The ________ expression on her face suggested she was _______ when she heard the ________ news. ( amaze) 3. The party we had been looking forward to ___________( come) at last. How excited we were. 4. I was impressed __________ his honesty when we met for the first time. 5. My first ________ (impress) of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man. 6. My new classmate is _________________ (热心帮助别人).

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7. The car is _____________(一点也不像) the one they advertised. 8. Our English teacher told us a very interesting story with a fun way. (改错) 9. We followed Ms Shen?s instruction and worked by ourselves. (改错) 10. 翻译: 我们的学校是他们的三倍。(三种)

11. 他的演讲给我们留下了深刻的印象。 ____________________________________________________________________ _

Book 1, Module2 短语: 1. make sure 确保,保证 be sure to do 一定会 She made sure that she turned off the light. He is sure to be back soon. 他一定会很快回来 2. be patient with 对…有耐心 with patience = patiently 耐心地 3.be admitted into 被允许进入 Study hard and you?ll be admitted to/ into Being University 4. be strict with sb 对某人严格要求 be strict about sth 对某事严格要求 5. as a result 结果 result in 导致 as a result of 由于 result from 由…产生 6. so that. ① 以便,引导目的结果状语 ② 因此, 引导结果状语从句 I'll give you all the facts so that you can judge for yourself. The local shops have been marked in on this map so that people can choose a house in a suitable area. so … that / such… that His behaviour was so disappointing that he impressed us as a very naughty man. She is such a lovely girl that everyone loves her. 7.consider sb./ sth (as/ to be) +n./ adj 认为…是 consider sth/ doing 考虑做某事 He is considered to have much experience. I first considered writing to her, but then decided to see her. 8. up to 一直到;胜任;忙于…;由…决定的 I can take up to four people.

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He is not up to this job. The children are quiet, I wonder what they are up to. It?s up to you to decide whether we buy this set of furniture or not. 9. tell jokes 讲笑话 play a joke on sb 开某人玩笑 10. be true of 同样适用于 11. fall asleep 睡着 wake up 醒来 12. make progress 取得进步 句型: 13. I would appreciate it if 假如…我将感激不尽 I would appreciate it if you would turn the radio down. 13. prefer to do 更喜欢;认为…胜过 prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做…而不做 I prefer to do it myself. He preferred to die rather than become the traitor(叛徒). 随练 1. The mother always educates her children ___________. (patient) 2. Our teachers often tell us _______ patience that we should be strict ________ourselves _______our homework. 3. Can you believe that in ______ a rich country there should be ________ many poor people. 4. The weather was very cold that I didn?t like to leave my room. (改错) 5. I would appreciate if you could help me with my English. (改错) 6. News came from the school office that Wang Lin had been admitted by Beijing University. (改错) 7. 翻译: 我宁愿待在家里而不愿意去钓鱼。

____________________________________________________________________ _ 8. 我们在考虑买一辆车。

____________________________________________________________________ _ 9. 虽然 Jack 在相貌上跟他哥哥相似,但是我对他并不熟悉。

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____________________________________________________________________ _ Book1,Module3 1. in the distance 在远处,在远方 2. abandon oneself to / be abandoned to 沉迷于 Do not abandon yourself to despair(绝望) at any time. abandon doing 放弃做某事 3. supply sb with sth = supply sth to sb. 为某人提供某物 offer sb sth = offer sth to sb give sb sth = give sth to sb provide sb with sth = provide sth for sb. 4. refer to 涉及;提到;指的是;查阅 5. get on 上(车,船) get off 下车 get through 通过;接通;完成 I tired calling you several times but I couldn?t get through. get across 越过;使…被理解 I spoke slowly but I couldn?t get my meaning across. get over 克服 get down to doing = set out to do= set about doing 开始着手做某事 6. take off 起飞;脱下;成功;休假 take over 接管;接任 take up 拿起;占据;开始从事 take in 吸收;理解;欺骗 take on 呈现;雇佣 take down = write down= put down 7. be short for 是…的缩写 8. be short of 缺乏 for short 简称,缩写 His name is James. We call him Jim for short. 9. out of date 过时的,过期的 up to date 最新的;最近的 out of control/ sight/ patience/ order… 10. for the first time 第一次 ,作状语 He came to the famous countryside for the first time. the first time 第一次 ,作连词 There was something wrong with the camera the first time I used it. in time 及时 on time 准时,按时

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all the time 一直 in no time 立刻,马上 11. not any more 不再 句型: 12. 疑问词+ 插入语(do you think/ believe/suppose…)+陈述句语序 What do you think we should do next? 随练: 1. ①It is reported that he will take ______ the company next year. ② The boy took ______ learning to play the violin at the age of 5. ③Don?t be taken ______ by his words --- he is a cheat. ④Internet shopping will really take _______ when people make sure that it is safe. ⑤Can you take ______ what the teacher said and wrote? 2. Surprisingly, he abandoned __________ (study) Chinese literature at college. 3. They ______________(放纵于) drinking although they are drivers, which is very dangerous both to them and the passengers. 4. APEC ______________ (是…的缩写) Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. 5. I still want to help you though I ___________(缺少) money too. 6. Take your time ---- it?s just ______ short distance from here to the restaurant. 7. We provided the homeless for food and clothes. (改错) 8. Finally, the manager offered a good job for me. (改错) 9. The sun supplies us to warm sunshine. (改错) 10. 你认为他怎样才能学好英语? ___________________________________________________________________

1.显然,中国正变得越来越强大。(obvious) It is obvious/ apparent that China is getting more and more powerful. 2. 我突然想到可以请李老师帮忙。(occur) It suddenly occurred to me that I could ask Mr. Li for help. 3. 他一离开家天就开始下雨了。(倒装) No sooner had he left home than it began to rain. Hardly had he left home when it began to rain. 4. 据说,这个岛还会发生地震。(It is said that) It is said that another earthquake will hit this island. 5.众所周知,台湾是中国的一部分。(As) As is known to all,Taiwan is part of China.

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6.他宁愿呆在家里也不愿去看电影。(prefer) He preferred to stay at home rather than see the film. 7. 只要你努力,你一定会成功。(as long as) As long as you work hard, you will succeed. 8. 他在街上散步时,突然看到两辆车相撞了。(when) He was walking in the street when suddenly he saw two cars run into each other. 9. 毫无疑问,你一定会赢这场比赛。(doubt) There is no doubt that you are sure to win the game. 10. 重要的不是你是否会失败,而是你是否去尝试。(not … but) What matters is not whether you fail or not, but whether you try or not. 11. 就我而言,我认为我们应该更关注在校儿童的安全问题。 (As far as I'm concerned) As far as I'm concerned, I think we should pay more attention to the safety of schoolchildren. 12.我们种树的原因是它们能给我们提供新鲜的空气。 (The reason why… is that…) The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. 13.我们该停止谈论这个愚蠢的问题了。(It is time that…) It is high time that we stopped talking about this silly question. 14.今天下午很可能会下雨。(likely) It is likely that it will rain this afternoon. 15. 说到英语,他是一个专家。(come to) When it comes to English, he's an expert. 16. 用电子词典或者传统词典都差不多。 (difference) It makes no difference whether you use an electronic dictionary or a traditional one. 17. 好书值得反复阅读。 (worth) A good book is worth reading many times. 18.不用说,男女应该享有平等的权利和机会。(It goes without saying that…) It goes without saying that women should have equal rights and opportunities with men. 19. 最糟糕的是,孩子可以通过互联网获得有害信息,或是沉迷于电脑游戏。 (be addicted to) Worst of all, children may get harmful information via the Internet or become addicted to computer games. 20.多亏了他的鼓励,我最后终于实现了梦想。(Thanks to) Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream. 21. 他们的批评没有让我泄气。相反地,我工作得更加努力了。(on the contrary) Their criticism did not discourage me. On the contrary, I worked even harder

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22. 随着时间的推移,这个孩子慢慢地认识到了自己的错误。(as/with) As time went by,the boy came to realize his mistakes. With time going by, the boy came to realize his mistakes. 23. 他太匆忙了,一头撞在了校长身上。(such … that) He was in such a hurry that he almost knocked into the headmaster. 24. 她对他所做的一切感到非常生气,什么没说就走了出去。(so …that) She was so angry at all that he was doing that she walked out without saying a word. 25.时间是如此的珍贵,我们浪费不起。(so… that 倒装) So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it. 26.在任何情况下我们都不能忽视知识的重要性。(On no account) On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 27.大量的工作有待处理,总经理无暇度假。(remain) With a large amount of work remaining to be done, the chief manager couldn?t spare time for a holiday. 28. 汤姆难得去老师那儿寻求解题方法;他说 “ 自习 ” 可以使自己受益更多。 (seldom 倒装) Seldom did Tom go to teachers for solutions. He said self-study benefited himself more. 29. 他未吃晚饭匆匆忙忙地赶到剧院,却被告知歌唱家还未到达。(用不定式表 示出乎预料的结果) He hurried to the theatre without supper, only to be told that the singer hadn?t arrived yet. 30. 无论你做什么,你都必须用心去做。(no matter) No matter what you do,you should put your heart into it. 31. 许多女孩子对衣服都很挑剔。(particular) Many girls are very particular about their clothes. 32. 在你的工作中,我将不遗余力地帮助你。(spare) I will spare no efforts to help you in your work. 33. 电脑毫无疑问的在现代生活中起到日益重要的作用。(play a role) Computers undoubtedly play an increasingly significant role in modern life. 34.抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。(has an influence on…) Smoking has a great influence on our health. 35.我打算给他一个惊喜。(intend) I intend to give him a surprise. 36.如果你需要帮助,不要犹豫,跟我联系。(hesitate) Please don't hesitate to contact us if you are in need of assistance. 37.我们只能打车,因为我们错过了最后一班公交车。(have no choice) We had no choice but to take a taxi for we'd missed the last bus.

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38. 我们应该尽一切努力保护我们可贵的饮用水。(effort) We should make every effort to protect our valuable drinking water. 39.你应该充分利用你的空闲时间练习英语。(make use of) You should make good use of your spare time to practice English. 40. 汤姆不大重视实践。所以他同外国人交谈会紧张。 (account for) Tom doesn?t pay enough attention to practice. This accounts for why he feels nervous when talking with foreigners. 41. 正是人类活动导致今日的全球变暖。 (contribute to)(It 强调句) It is human activities that contribute to the global warming today. 42. 中国人一直梦想登上月球。这个梦想不久就能实现。 (dream) The Chinese have been dreaming of landing on the Moon. In the near future this dream will come true. 43. 大多数居民倾向于骑自行车去上班或上学。 ( be in favor of) The majority of the residents are in favor of cycling to work or to school. 44. 除非你努力,否则是不会成功的。(unless) You won?t succeed unless you work hard. 45. 我班同学每逢节假日都到周边社区去当志愿者/义工。(make it a rule) The students in my class make it a rule to work as volunteers in the nearby neighborhood on holidays. 46. 学习英语的最好方法之一是同母语使用者交谈。 (approach) One of the best approaches to learning English is to speak it with native speakers.

名词分为 可数(有单、复数形式)和不可数名词(只有单数形式) 。 1.可数名词单、复数变化形式 (1)规则变化。 ①单数名词词尾直接加-s。如:boy — boys, pen — pens。 ②以 s、 x 、 ch 、 sh 结尾的单词一般加-es。 如: glass — glasses, box— boxes, watch — watches, brush — brushes。 特例:stomach — stomachs。 ③以“辅音字母 + y”结尾的变“y”为“i”再加“-es”。如: baby — babies, lady — ladies, fly — flies。 ④以 “o” 结尾的多数加 -es( 有生命的 ) 。如: tomato — tomatoes, potato — potatoes, hero — heroes。但以两个元音字母结尾的名词和部分外来词中以 o 结 尾的词只加-s。 如: radio — radios, zoo — zoos, photo — photos, piano — pianos, kilo — kilos, tobacco — tobaccos。 ⑤以“f”或“fe”结尾的名词复数形式变“f”或“fe”为“v”, 之后再加-es。 如: wife

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— wives, life — lives, knife — knives, wolf— wolves, self — selves, leaf — leaves 等。 特例: handkerchief— handkerchiefs, roof — roofs, chief — chiefs, gulf — gulfs, belief — beliefs, cliff — cliffs。 ⑥改变元音字母的。如:man — men, mouse — mice, foot — feet, woman — women, tooth — teeth, goose — geese, ox — oxen。特例:child — children。 ⑦复合名词的复数形式。 (A)在复合词中最后名词尾加-s。如:armchair — armchairs, bookcase — bookcases, bookstore — bookstores。 (B)man 和 woman 作定语修饰另一个名词时,前后两个名词都要变成复 数。如:man doctor — men doctors, woman driver — women drivers。 ( C )与介词或副词一起构成的复合名词应在主体名词部分加 -s 。如: brother-in-law — brothers-in-law, passer-by — passers-by。 (2)不规则变化。 ①单、 复数同形。 如: means, aircraft, deer, fish, Chinese, Japanese, sheep, works (工厂,著作),cattle。 ② 合 成 名 词 的 复 数 。 如 : boy-friend — boy-friends, go-between— go-betweens(中间人),grown-up — grown-ups。 ③有些名词通常只用作复数。如:glasses 眼镜,clothes 衣服,goods 货物, trousers 裤子, belongings 所有物,surroundings 环境, ashes 灰烬, congratulations 祝贺, have words with sb. 同某人吵架, in high spirits 以很高热情地, give one?s regards to sb.向某人问侯, in rags 衣衫破烂, It is good manners to do sth.做某事 有礼貌。 ④集体名词的数。有些集体名词通常只用作复数,如:people, cattle, police; 有些名词只用作单数, 如: machinery, furniture, mankind, jewellery; 有些名词既可用作单数又可用作复数,单数看做整体,复数看做集体的各个成 员。如:family,team,class. 2、不可数名词的数 (1)一般说来抽象名词为不可数名词,如:news,progress,fun。但当抽象名 词表示具体的东西时,可用作可数名词且词义发生变化,主要类型如下: ①抽象名词表示具有某种特性、状态、感情情绪的人或事。如: 抽象名词(不可数) 具体化(个体名词,可数名词) in surprise 惊讶地 a surprise 一件令人惊讶的事 win success 获得成功 a success 一个(件)成功的人(事) win honor 赢得荣誉 an honor 一个(件)引以为荣的(事) Failure(失败)is the mother of success a failure 失败者 by experience 靠经验 an experience 一次经历 youth 青春 a youth 一个青年人

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have pity on sb.怜悯某人 a pity 可惜的事情 with pleasure 乐意 a pleasure 乐事 ②抽象名词与 a(an)连用, 淡化了抽象概念, 转化为似乎可以体验到的动作、 行为或类别。如: A knowledge of English is a must in international trade. It is a waste of time reading such a novel. She made an apology to her mother for her wrong doings. ③ of +抽象名词表达形容词意义,通常做表语、定语或宾补等 I find playing basketball is of great benefit to our health. (2)物质名词是不可数名词,但表示数量或种类之多时,可以用作可数名词。 如: ①物质名词有形或数的相应物体,有单、复数。如:some coffee 一些咖啡, a coffee 一杯咖啡,three coffees 三杯咖啡,some drink 一些饮料, a drink 一杯 饮料,three drinks 三杯饮料,his hair 他的头发,a few grey hairs 几根白发, glass 玻璃,a glass 一只玻璃杯。 ②物质名词有前置后置修饰时,前面要使用不定冠词。 have breakfast The road is covered with snow. have a wonderful breakfast They have a heavy snow every year. Time and tide wait for no man. We had a wonderful time last night. 3.名词所有格 (1)“?s”所有格的特殊表示形式有: ① 用于表示时间、 距离、 价格、 重量等的名词后, 如: today?s newspaper, five minutes? walk(drive), five pounds? weight , ten dollars? worth of coffee。 ②用于表示国家、世界、城市等地方的名词后。如:the earth?s planet, the word?s population, China?s industry, New York?s parks。 (2)“of”所有格的特殊表示方式有: ①表示“部分”时,一般在所修饰的名词前有一个表示数量的词( a、two、 several、some、no、many 等) ,如:Some students of Mister Zhang?s have gone to college. ②表示“其中之一,其中一部分”的意思时,用:a friend of Tom?s 汤姆的一个朋友(许多朋友中的一位) 。 ③表示赞扬、批评或厌恶等感情色彩时,应该用:that/this/these/ those + 名词(单、复数)of Mary?s/yours/his/hers。如: That invention of hers belongs to the world. 她的那项发明是属于全世界的 (表赞赏) 。 Practice Makes Perfect! Correct the following

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1.What a lot of works I have to finish today. 2.Both of the two students are Germen. 3.What a beautiful weather we are having recently. 4.Most of them are woman doctors. 5.There are four baskets of apple in that room. 6.This computer cost me eight thousands yuan. 7.Mr. Zhang looks very happy today.He has got many good news from the newspaper. 8.The hat of my father is rather old. 9.He made many mistakes in his composition because of careless. 10.Will you please make a room for the lady outside ? 11.She has made some progresses in English. 12.His work is better than anyone else. 13.He dropped the coffee?s cup and broke it. 14.He gained his wealths by printing works of famous writers. 15.I spent last weekend with the Green. 16.The old man has to have one of his tooth taken out. 17.You?ll find this map of great values in helping you to get around London. 18.Reading English book is helpful to your English study. 19. It is such great hotel that I would recommended it to any friends of mine. 20. I noticed Mother looking at a nearby table occupied by an elderly woman and young couple Fill in the blanks People living in different 1.________ (country) made different 2.________ (kind) of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred 3.________ (language) in the world. Each contains many 4.________ (thousand) of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four or five hundred 5.________ (thousand) words. But we do not need all these. To read short 6.________ (story) you need to know only about two thousand 7.________ (word). Before you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your 8.________ (vocabulary). You should try to make your vocabulary bigger. Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of 9.________ (book) written in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you meet new words, look them up in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your most useful 10.________ (book).

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改 错 答 案 1.works-work 2.Germen—Germans 3. 删 a 4.woman-women 5.apple-apples 6.thousands--thousand 7.many-much 8.father—father ?s 9.careless-carelessness 10. 删 a 11.progresses—progress 12.else—else?s 13.coffee?s—coffee 14.wealths—wealth 15.Green—Greens 16.tooth—teeth 17.values-value 18.book—books 19.such 后加 a 20.and 后加 a

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