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人教版必修3高中英语 Book3 Unit 4 单元测试+答案


Book3

Unit 4

单元练习

编辑人:张智慧

审核人:邱少君

一、基础测试 A. 根据句意单词首字母或汉语提示,写出所缺词的正确形式或者从句连接词。 1.City life is very d_______ from country life.? 2.The fire s_______ from the factory to the house nearby.? ? 3.In this v_______ conflict, about 20 common people died.? 4.What the doctors really doubt is _______ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. 5.With the d__________ of society, we come to realize the importance of the balance of nature.? 6.Having checked the doors were closed, and ______all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom。 7.Pieces of rubbish were floating on the ______ (表面) of the river.? 8.I was ______ (失望的) to hear that he lost the last game.? 9.I think we should try again using a different ______ (方法).? 10.The ______ (气氛) at home has been depressing since they had that flight.? B. 句型转换: 根据 A 句句义,完成 B 句,使句义相同或相近。 11. A: Nobody knew that it was going to be different from other planets which go round the sun. B: Nobody knew that it was going to be different from other planets _____ ______the sun. 12. A: They multiplied and filled the first oceans and seas with oxygen. B: They multiplied and the first oceans and seas were _______ _______oxygen. 13. A: Others, called amphibians, were able to live on land as well as in the sea. B: Others, ________ ________called amphibians, were able to live on land as well as in the sea. 14. A: Last month I was lucky enough to have a chance to make a trip into space. B: Last month I was ______ ________ that I had a chance to make a trip into space. 15. A: We visited the moon in our spaceship. B: We visited the moon _______ ________. C. 完成句子: 16. You will understand my kindness _______ _______ (最终). 17. What he said was quite ________ _________ _______ ________ ________ (与他做的不一 样). 18. You are not allowed _______ ________ ________ ________ (在这里踢足球). 19. The boy is _______ the hole ________ ________ (正往洞里灌沙子). 20. When the war ______ ______ (爆发), he was working in the navy. 二、翻译下列句子: (1)我们规定,课内外都讲英语。(it 做形式宾语)? _____________________________________________________________________________ (2)你现在不方便见我的经理。(convenient 方便;manager 经理)? _____________________________________________________________________________ (3)地球大概是月亮的四十九倍。 (倍数表达法)? _____________________________________________________________________________

Constant dripping wears away the stone.

锲而不舍,金石可镂

1

(4)我们应该想办法防止有害气体的蔓延。(prevent… from) ______________________________________________________________________________ (5)既然你已得到一个机会,你最好充分利用它。(now that; make use of ) _____________________________________________________________________________ 三.完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从 1--20 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选 出最佳答案。 How big is space? That is a question man has been asking since the beginning of time. When your grandparents were in school, it was ___1___ that the Universe was very ___2___ perhaps only 5,000 light years ___3___. 500 years ago people considered that the Universe was only a little bit___4____ than the Earth. In modern times with the ___5___ of technology we are finally starting to ___6___ the immense (无边的) size of the Universe, and it is much bigger than anyone __7____ have ever imagined. Scientists cannot stretch (伸展) a measuring tape from the Earth to a nearby star, so ___8___ do they know how far away they are? Scientists use something ___9___ Parallax (视差). Parallax means ___10___ that they look at how much the stars move in the sky ___11____ throughout the year as the Earth circles the Sun. This is not something ___12____ to you. In fact if you stretch out your hand in front of you and ___13_____ your thumb, while ___14___ one eye, and then the other, your thumb will ___15____ to move back and forth. Stars do the ___16____ thing, but our eyes are too close to see the ___17____. However if we take a picture while on one side of Earth’s orbit, and then take another when we get to the ___18___ side of the orbit, then we have a large enough ___19___ that we can see the stars parallax, and ____20__ how far away they really are. 1. A. measured B. said C. thought D. proved 2. A. old B. big C. mysterious D. small 3. A. over B. across C. through D. outsides 4. A. bigger B. smaller C. heavier D. nearer 5. A. popularity B. power C. energy D. strength 6. A. grasp B. control C. imagine D. feel 7. A. would B. should C. could D. might 8. A. what B. why C. how D. when 9. A. honored B. called C. considered D. believed 10. A. actually B. especially C. generally D. simply 11. A. in and out B. back and forth C. sooner or later D. up and down 12. A. unacceptable B. unfamiliar C. unbelievable D. unnatural 13. A. look at B. shake C. glare at D. notice 14. A. covering B. opening C. controlling D. hiding 15. A. continue B. happen C. stop D. appear 16. A. common B. different C. strange D. same 17. A. result B. effect C. difference D. similarity 18. A. suitable B. same C. opposite D. correct 19. A. distance B. length C. height D. width 20. A. realize B. determine C. recognize D. decide

Constant dripping wears away the stone.

锲而不舍,金石可镂

2

四.语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water.____1____water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder ____2____ had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man____3___ (present) the water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled____4____(warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home____5_____a happy heart. After the student left, the teacher let __6___student taste the water. He spit it out, __7___(say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher, "Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like __8____?" The teacher replied,” You tasted the water. I tasted the gift. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be __9___ (sweet).” We understand this lesson best ____10___ we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe on a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing. w_w w. k#s5_u.c o*m 五、阅读理解. (共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 或 D)中,选出最佳选项 A Memory, they say, is a matter of practice and exercise. If you have the wish and really made a conscious (自觉的) effort, then you can quite easily improve your ability to remember things. But even if you are successful, there are times when your memory seems to play tricks on you. Sometimes you remember things that really did not happen. One morning last week, for example, I got up and found that I had left the front door unlocked all night, yet I clearly remember locking it carefully the night before. Memory “trick” work the other way as well. Once in a while you remember not doing something, and then find out that you did. One day last month, for example, I was sitting in a barber(理发师)shop waiting for my turn to get a haircut, and suddenly I realized that I had got a haircut two days before at the barber shop across the street from my office. We always seem to find something funny and amusing(有趣的)in incidents caused by people’s forgetfulness or absent-mindedness. Stories about absent-minded professors have been told for years, and we never got tired of hearing new ones. Unfortunately, however, absent-mindedness is not always funny. There are times when “trick” of our memory can cause us great trouble. 1. If you want to have a good memory, . A. you should force yourself to remember things B. you should make a conscious effort of practice and exercise C. you should never stop learning D. you should try hard to remember tings 2. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. One night the writer forgot to lock the front door. B. One night the writer forgot having locked the front door. C. The writer remembered to lock the door. D. the writer remembered unlocking the front door. Constant dripping wears away the stone. 锲而不舍,金石可镂
3

3. From the sentence “We never get tired of hearing new ones”, we can infer that . A. we enjoy hearing new stories about absent-mindedness of professors B. we don’t want to know anything more about absent-mindedness of professors C. we will never get tired of listening to new stories about absent-mindedness D. absent-mindedness happens not only to professors but to many other people 4. In the passage, the writer seems to tell you . A. forgetting things is serious and dangerous B. always forgetting things is understandable C. forgetting things at times is natural D. the way to protect yourself from memory “tricks” 5. The best title for this passage is . A. How to Get a Good Memory B. “Tricks” Of Memory C. Forgetfulness and Absent-mindedness is Dangerous D. Get Rid of Absent-mindedness

B
The food we eat seems to have a great effect on our health. Although science has made big steps in making food more fit to eat, it has, at the same time, made many foods unfit to eat. Some research has shown that perhaps eighty percent of human illness is related to food and forty percent of cancer is related to food as well. That food is related to illness is not a new discovery. In 1945, some researchers realized that things commonly used to keep colour in meats and other food additives(添加剂)caused cancer. Yet, these additives remain in our food, and it is difficult to know which things on the wrappings (包装) of foods are helpful or harmful. The additives which we eat are not all so direct. Farmers often give penicillin to their animals, and because of this, penicillin has been found in the milk of cows. Sometimes similar tings are supplied to animals not for their health, but just to make a profit. The farmers are simply trying to fatten the animals in order to get a higher price on the market. Although some countries have tried to control such things, the practice continues. 6. According to this passage, we can know . A. perhaps most of human illness is caused by what we eat B. perhaps most kinds of cancer are related to what people eat C. cancer was discovered in 1945 D. science has made food unfit to eat 7. Things that are used to keep colours in meats are . A. harmful B. useless C. helpless D. dangerous 8. All the additives . A. are bright and colourless B. are not bright and colourful C. have indirect effects on our health D. have direct effects on our health 9. People use additives . A. to make food more unfit to eat B. to improve the colour and taste of the food C. to change colour of the food D. to take off the diseases of the food 10. Which of the following is not true? A. Some wrappings of food are harmful. B. Farmers try to make more money on the market by fattening their animals. C. “The practice continues” means “things are still going on like that”. D. We needn’t take care of what we eat. Constant dripping wears away the stone. 锲而不舍,金石可镂
4

Keys to Unit 4 Test
一、基础测试 A.单词拼写 1.different 2. spread 3. violent 4 whether 5. development 6. that 7. surface 8. disappointed 9. way 10. atmosphere B. 句型转换 11. going round 12. filled with 13. which were 14. so lucky 15. by spaceship C. 完成句子 16. in time 17. different from what he did 18. to play football here 19. filling, with sand 20. broke out 二、 翻译下列句子 1.We made it a rule to speak English in and out of class. 2.It's not convenient for you to see my manager now.? 3.The earth is about 49 times bigger than the moon.? The earth is about 49 times as big as the moon.? The earth is about 49 times the size of the moon. 4.We should think of some way to prevent the spread of harmful gases. 5.Now that you have got a chance, you'd better make full use of it. 三.完型填空 1—5:CDBAB 6—10: ACCBD 11—15: BBAAD 四. 语法填空 11.The12.who/that13.presented14.warmly15.with 16.another 17.saying 18.it 19.sweeter 20.when 五.阅读理解 A 篇:BADCB B 篇: AACBD

16—20: DCCAB

Constant dripping wears away the stone.

锲而不舍,金石可镂

5


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