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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

第一部分 选择题
第二章 海图图书资料
第三节 航海图书资料 1. 2. ______ are published for the correction of Admiralty Charts. D. Admiralty Notices to Mariners ______ gives a description of the combined Cardinal and Lateral Buoyage system including textual and

diagrammatic explanations of the five types of marks;lateral;cardinal,isolated danger;safe water and special marks. C.IALA Maritime Buoyage System(NP735) 3. ______ gives daily predictions of the times and heights of high and low waters for over 230 standard and 6,

000 secondary ports in the world. A. Admiralty Tide Tables 4. ______ gives listings of all lighthouses,lightships,lit floating marks(over 8m in height) ,fog signals and

lights of navigational significance. D. Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals 5. ______ is a comprehensive reference in graphical and textual form of all Admiralty Charts and Publications

worldwide (link to Admiralty Charts) listed by region. D.Catalogue of Admiralty Charts and Publications (NP131) 6. ______ offers a detailed description of tidal theory and its application to the analysis and prediction of tides C. Admiralty Manual of Tides(NP120)

and tidal streams. 7.

______ outlines the Admiralty method of Harmonic tidal analysis for long and short observation periods plus D.Admiralty Tidal Handbooks(NP122 1-3)

a volume on datums for hydrographic surveys. 8.

A certificated lifeboatman assigned to command the lifeboat should ______.

A. be the first individual to board the craft B. drain the hydraulic pressure before lowering the craft C. have a list of the persons assigned to the lifeboat D. All of the above 9. A crew member has just fallen overboard off your port side.Which action should you take ________.

A. immediately put the rudder over hard right B. immediately put the rudder over hard left C. immediately put the engines astern D. wait until the stern is well clear of the man and then put the rudder over hard right 10. A flooded lifeboat on board a vessel would adversely affect the vessel's stability by ______. A.increasing the righting moment C. increasing the reserve buoyancy B. decreasing the vessel's displacement D. shifting the CG(center of gravity)off center

11. A life line must be connected to the liferaft ______. A. at the bow B. at the stern C. in the middle D. all around

12. A life preserver or buoyant work vest is required to be worn on a ship when a person is ______. A. Working on the rig floor C. Working on the pipe racks B. Working over water D. Operating line throwing equipment

13. A liferaft which has inflated bottom-up on the water ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. should be righted by standing on the carbon dioxide cylinder,holding the righting straps,and leaning backwards B. should be righted by standing on the life line,holding the righting straps,and leaning backwards C. will right itself when the canopy tubes inflate D. must be cleared of the buoyant equipment before it will right itself 14. A light signal consisting of three flashes means ______. A.I am in doubt as to your actions C.I desire to overtake you B.My engines are full speed astern D.I am operating astern propulsion

15. A line of position derived from a Loran reading is a section of a(n)______. A. Straight line B. Arc C. Parabola D. Hyperbola

16. A line of position from a celestial observation is a segment of a ______. A. Circle of equal altitude C. Parallel of altitude B. Parallel of declination D. Vertical circle

17. A man aboard a vessel,signaling by raising and lowering his outstretched arms to each side,is indicating ______. A. danger,stay away C. all is clear,it is safe to approach B. all is clear,it is safe to pass D. a distress signal

18. A person who sees someone fall overboard should ______. A. immediately jump in the water to assist the individual B. go to the bridge for the distress flares C. run to the radio room to send an emergency message D. call for help and keep the individual in sight 19. A sweep oar is an oar that is ______. A. generally shorter than the others and is used to steer with B. is longer than the others and is used as the stroke oar C. is raised in the bow of the boat for the steersman to steer by D. longer than the others used for steering 20. A vessel in distress should send by radio telephone the two tone alarm signal followed immediately by the ______. A. Distress position C. Ship's name B. Spoken words“Mayday,Mayday,Mayday” D. Ship's call letters

21. Aboard a survival craft,ether can be used to ______. A. start the engine in cold weather C. prime the sprinkler system B. aid in helping personnel breathe D. prime the air supply

22. According to the regulations,the capacity of a liferaft is required to be marked ______. A. On the Muster List B. At the liferaft stowage location

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. On the Certificate of Inspection 23. Admiralty EasyTide ______. A. has little use for ocean-going mariners

D. In the Operations Manual

B. permits the mariner to select and simultaneously calculate tidal heights for multiple ports for up to seven days C. includes periods of daylight and nautical twilight,moon phases and a springs and neaps indicator D. is supplied in the form of a single CD which contains the calculation program and the seven geographic Area Data Sets(ADS)providing global coverage 24. After being launched from a vessel,totally enclosed survival craft which have been afloat over a long period require ______. A. frequent opening of hatches to permit entry of fresh air B. regular checks of bilge levels C. use of ear plugs to dampen engine noise D. frequent flushing of the water spray system with fresh water 25. After being rescued from the vessel accident,the people agreed that they had much to ______. A. thank B. be thankful C. be thanked D. be thankful for

26. After jacking down your liftboat you have an unexpected list. You find that the only cause of this list must be a flooded leg.Your next course of action should be to ______. A. Jack the vessel back up to a safe height B. Proceed on to your next destination since the list is unimportant C. Pump out all ballast to gain reserve buoyancy D. Notify the Coast Guard 27. After launching,an inflatable raft should be kept dry inside by ______. A. Opening the automatic drain plugs C. Using the electric bilge pump B. Draining the water pockets D. Using the bailers and cellulose sponge

28. After putting on a self-contained breathing apparatus,you open the air supply and hear a continuous ringing of a bell.What does this mean ________. A. The unit is working properly C. The air bottle needs to be refilled B. The face mask is not sealed properly D. The air supply hose has a leak

29. After the boat is at the top of the davit heads,the davit arms begin moving up the tracks and are stopped by the ______. A. hoist man B. limit switch C. brake handle D. preventer bar

30. All vessel personnel should be familiar with the survival craft's ______. A. boarding and operating procedures C. navigational systems B. maintenance schedule D. fuel consumption rates

31. An immersion suit should be equipped with a/an ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Air bottle for breathing C. Whistle,strobe light and reflective tape

B. Whistle and hand held flare D. Whistle,hand held flare and sea dye marker

32. An inflatable liferaft is hand-launched by ______. A. pulling a cord C. removing the rubber packing strip B. cutting the wire restraining bands D. throwing the entire container overboard

33. An inflatable liferaft should be manually released from its cradle by ______. A. cutting the straps that enclose the container B. removing the rubber sealing strip from the container

C. loosening the turnbuckle on the securing strap D. pushing the button on the hydrostatic release 34. An on-load release system on a survival craft means the cable can be released ______. A. only when the load is taken off the cable B. only when there is a load on the cable D. at any time

C. only when activated by the controls at the lowering station 35. An orange flag showing a black circle and square is a ______. A. Signal indicating a course change C. Signal of asking to communicate with another vessel

B. Distress signal D. Signal indicating danger

36. Attention is ______ the advice on the use of charts in The Mariner's Handbook Chapter 3,Section 1. A. Fixed to B. Needed for C. Pushed to D. Drawn to

37. Before personnel are lifted from a vessel in a personnel basket,the vessel should be ______. A. Directly under the boom C. Stopped dead in the water B. Moving away from the boom D. Tied to the boom

38. For details of these and other lights the larger scale charts and Admiralty Lists should be ______. A. considered B. consulted C. concluded D. commanded

39. Important changes to charts and lights(including temporary ones) ,radio signals and sailing directions are listed in ______. A. Weekly Admiralty Notices to Mariners B. The Mariners Handbook(NP100) C. Ocean Passages for the World(NP136) D.Symbols and Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts,Chart 5011 40. Information on the operating times and characteristics of foreign radiobeacons can be found in which publication ________. A. List of Lights B. Coast Pilot C. Sailing Directions D. List of Radiobeacons

41. Light Lists for coastal waters are ______. A. published every year and require no corrections B. published every second year and must be corrected C. published every five years and require no correction D. accurate thru NM number on title page and must be corrected 42. Lines drawn through points on the Earth having the same atmospheric pressure are known as ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Isothermal

B. Millibars

C. Isobars

D. Seismics

43. Many of the lights on this coast are placed so high as to be frequently obscured by ______. A. Power B. Tower C. Cover D. Shower

44. Mariners not entering the port are ______ to keep at least one mile off. A. Advised B. Reported C. Complied D. Supplied

45. Mean high water is the average height of ______. A. The higher high waters C. The lower of the two daily tides B. The lower high waters D. All high waters

46. Of the following,______ is not likely found in The Mariners Handbook(NP100) . A. navigational hazards and buoyage,meteorological data,details of pilotage,regulations,port facilities and guides to major port entry B. information on charts C. information on operational information and regulation D. information on tides,currents and characteristics of the sea 47. On a voyage from Capetown to London,the favorable ocean current off the coast of Africa is the ______. A. Canary Current C. Agulhas Current B. Benguela Current D. South Atlantic Current

48. On an Atlantic Ocean voyage from New York to Durban,South Africa,you should expect the Agulhas Current to present a strong ______. A. offshore set C. head current B. onshore set D. fair or following current

49. The Coast Radio Stations are found in ______. A. Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals C. Admiralty List of Radio Signals B. Admiralty Maritime Communications D. Admiralty Digital List of Lights

50. The daily predictions of the times and heights of high and low water for a selection of Standard Ports are given in ______. A. Admiralty Maritime Communications C.a comprehensive guide for the yachtsman B. Admiralty Tide Tables D.ALRS

51. The information on ______ is not likely found in The Mariners Handbook(NP100) . A. IALA Buoyage system B. hydrography,topography,navigational aids and their services C. basic meteorology and navigation in ice and hazards and restrictions to navigation D. information on tides,currents and characteristics of the sea 52. The information on ocean voyage planning with routeing details for powered and sailing vessels is likely found in ______. A. Ocean Passages for the World(NP136)

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. Symbols and Abbreviations used on Admiralty Charts,Chart 5011 C. Weekly Admiralty Notices to Mariners D. The Mariners Handbook(NP100) 53. The international number,location and/or name,geographical co-ordinates,characteristics and intensity, elevation in metres,range in sea miles and description of structure of a light can be found in ______. A. Ocean Passages for the World(NP136) B. Admiralty List of Radio Signals

C. IALA Maritime Buoyage System(NP735) D. Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals 54. The latest known details of lights are given in ______. A. gives daily predictions of the times and heights of high and low water for a selection of Standard Ports B.lists the principal harmonic constants for all those ports where they are known,for use for prediction by the Simplified Harmonic Method of Tidal Prediction C.is a comprehensive guide for the yachtsman D.permits the mariner to select and simultaneously calculate tidal heights for multiple ports for up to seven days 55. The light vessel is reported ______. A. to be destroyed B. to be demolished C. to be ruined D. to be spoiled

56. The Lists of Meteorological Observation Stations can be found in ______. A. ALRS B. ALL C. AMC D. ATT

57. The major tidal streams for selected waters of North West Europe are shown in diagrammatic form in ______. A. Admiralty Tidal Stream Atlases C. Admiralty Manual of Tides(NP120) B. Admiralty Tidal Stream Atlases D. Admiralty Tidal Handbooks(NP122 1-3)

58. The program of graphical predictions of height against time for a period of up to seven consecutive days is contained in ______. A. SHM C. Admiralty EasyTide B. Admiralty TotalTide D. Ocean Passages for the World

59. To predict the actual depth of water using the Tide Tables,the number obtained from the Tide Tables is ______. A. the actual depth C. multiplied by the charted depth B. added to or subtracted from the charted depth D. divided by the charted depth

60. What is the use of the books of Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals? Their use is to ______. A. Mention signal stations and ice,storm,traffic and port signals B. Give the international numbers of lights C. Give the correction of the lights and fog signals D. Give the information on the lights and fog signals 61. When an azimuth of the Sun has been taken and the deviation of the standard magnetic compass computed, the watch officer should record the results ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. In the vessel's Official Logbook C. In the compass deviation log

B. On the compass deviation card D. On a Napier diagram 第四节 海图及海图作业

1.

______ chart 3994,positions read from this chart should be shifted 0.03 minutes Northward. B. To check C. To examine D. To agree with

A. To consider 2.

______ is not a position-fixing system. B. Hyperfix C. Trisponder D. WGS8

A. Hifix 3.

______ the incomplete nature of the survey,heavy draught vessels are warned not to navigate within the 10

fathom line. A. aBecause 4. B. Owing to C. Having been D. Being

A chart position enclosed by a square is a(n)______. B. estimated position C. dead reckoning position D. running fix

A. fix 5.

A chart projection depicting the poles and a small area on either side of a connecting meridian,that is

sometimes used for star charts,is the ______. A. Azimuthal gnomonic projection C. Transverse Mercator projection 6. B. Lambert conformal projection D. Polyconic projection

A chart with a scale of 1:80,000 would fall into the category of a ______. B. general chart C. coastal chart D. harbor chart

A. sailing chart 7.

A polyconic projection is based on a ______. B. Cylinder tangent at one parallel D. Series of cones tangent at selected parallels

A. Plane tangent at one point C. Cone tangent at one parallel 8.

A revised print of a chart is made ______.

A. after every major hydrographic survey of the area covered by the chart B. when there are numerous corrections to be made or the corrections are extensive C. when a low-stock situation occurs and minor corrections are made D. every two years to update the magnetic variation information 9. A true bearing of a charted object,when plotted on a chart,will establish a ______. B. Line of position C. Relative bearing D. Range

A. Fix

10. All straight lines represent great circle tracks on a chart based on a(n)______. A. Mercator projection C. Orthographic projection B. Polyconic projection D. Gnomonic projection

11. Areas enclosed by a long and short dashed magenta line indicate ______. A. Cable areas B. Dumping grounds C. Fish trap areas D. Precautionary areas

12. Chart legends printed in capital letters show that the associated landmark is ______. A. inconspicuous C.a government facility or station B. conspicuous D.a radio transmitter

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

13. Charts should be corrected by using information published in the ______. A. Light List C. Notice to Mariners B. American Practical Navigator D. Coast Pilot

14. Charts showing the coast of Mexico are produced by the United States ______. A. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency B. Coast Guard C. Naval Observatory D. National Ocean Service 15. Distance along a track line is measured on a Mercator chart by using the ______. A. latitude scale near the middle of the track line B. longitude scale near the middle of the track line C. latitude scale at the midlatitude of the chart D. latitude or longitude scale at the middle of the scale 16. Every chart is liable to be incomplete ______. A. the final judge of the reliance the mariner can place on the information given B. its immediate importance cannot always be verified before promulgation C. through imperfections in the survey on which it is based,or subsequent alterations to the topography or sea floor D. deferring the promulgation of certain less important information 17. For what purpose would using a Lambert conformal chart be more convenient than using a Mercator ________. A. Plotting radio bearings over a long distance B. Determining latitude and longitude of a fix C. Measuring rhumb line distances D. Measuring rhumb line directions 18. Magnetic information on a chart may be ______. A. found in the center(s)of the compass rose(s) B. indicated by isogonic lines C. found in a note on the chart D. all of the above 19. Many of the soundings shown on the chart are derived from ______.Undue reliance should not be placed upon them. A. Complete and often very poor surveys C. Inadequate and often very old surveys B. Correct and often very good surveys D. Adequate and present surveys

20. Navigational charts are ______ frequent changes,the important one of which are promulgated by Admiralty Notices to Mariners.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Published with

B. Combined with

C. In connection with

D. Subject to

21. On a Mercator chart,1 nautical mile is equal to ______. A.1 minute of longitude C.1 minute of latitude B.1 degree of longitude D.1 degree of latitude

22. On chart,bearings to near objects should be used in preference to objects farther off,because ______. A.a small error in bearing or in laying it down on the chart has a greater effect in misplacing the position the longer the line to be drawn B.all scales are kept updated for vital information by Notices to Mariners C.the larger the scale of the chart,the greater the detail that can be shown on it D.the mariner using the medium scale charts for passage along a coast need not transfer on to a large scale for short distances 23. On this chart only the principle ______ to navigation are shown. A. equipment's B. tools C. apparatus D. aids

24. Particular care is needed when navigating in the vicinity of ______ as very few of these features have been fully surveyed to modern standards to determine their correct position,full extent,or the least depth over them. A. SW of Cocos Islands C. undiscovered dangers B. oceanic dangers or seamounts D. the continental shelf

25. That the scale of any part of a chart to be larger than the scale of the survey is ______. A. very rare B. common C. often D. reasonable

26. The arrangement of charts in the catalogue is ______. A. on a regional basis C. shown orderly B. on a national basis D. appeared from A to W

27. The broken magenta lines(long and short dashes)in and around Mobjack Bay indicate ______. A. Amphibious training areas C. Fish trap areas B. Grounds for dredge spoil D. Gunnery exercise areas

28. The changes in the channel's sands and buoys on this coast are ______ this chart can not be considered as a safe guide of the channel. A. frequent C. frequent that B. so frequent D. so frequent that

29. The chart of a beach area shows a very flat slope to the underwater beach bottom.What type of breakers can be expected when trying to land a boat on this beach ________. A. Surging B. Spilling C. Plunging D. Converging

30. The only cylindrical chart projection widely used for navigation is the ______. A. Lambert conformal B. Mercator C. Azimuthal D. Gnomonic

31. The path that a vessel is expected to follow,represented on a chart by a line drawn from the point of departure to the point of arrival,is the ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. DR plot

B. track line

C. heading

D. estimated course

32. The revision date of a chart is printed on which area of the chart ________. A. Top center C. Part of the chart title B. Lower-left corner D. Any clear area around the neat line

33. The shoreline on charts generally represents the mean ______. A. High water line C. Low water spring line B. Low water line D. Tide level

34. The short-long dashed magenta line around Gardiners Island marks ______. A.A regulated anchorage C.An area closed to the public B.Fish trap areas D.Underwater cables

35. The short-long dashed,magenta lines parallel to York River Entrance Channel mark ______. A. fish trap areas C. underwater cables B. naval exercise areas D. recommended track lines

36. The soundings on the imperial chart are measured in ______. A. Feet B. Yards C. Fathoms D. Meters

37. The survey information upon which a chart is based is found ______. A. At the top center of the next line C. At the lower left corner B. Near the chart title D. At any convenient location

38. What information is found in the chart title ________. A. Date of the first edition B. Date of the edition and,if applicable,the revision C. Information on the sounding datum D. Information on which IALA buoyage system applies 39. What information is NOT found in the chart title ________. A. Survey information C. Date of first edition B. Scale D. Projection

40. What is the major advantage of a rhumb line track ________. A. The vessel can steam on a constant heading(disregarding wind,current,etc. ) B. The rhumb line is the shortest distance between the arrival and departure points C. It is easily plotted on a gnomonic chart for comparison with a great circle course D. It approximates a great circle on east-west courses in high latitudes 41. When a buoy is in position only during a certain period of the year,where may the dates when the buoy is in position be found ________. A. Light List C. On the chart B. Notice to Mariners D. Coast Pilot

42. Where would you obtain data on currents for areas of the world not covered by the National Ocean Service

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

________. A. In the Coast Pilot C. In the List of Lights B. In the Nautical Almanac D. In the Sailing Directions

43. Which aid is NOT marked on a chart with a magenta circle ________. A. Aero light C. Radar transponder beacon B. Radar station D. Radiobeacon

44. Which chart symbol indicates the bottom is clay ________. A. Cly B. Cla C. Cl D. C

45. Which information does the outer ring of a compass rose on a nautical chart provide ________. A. variation C. magnetic directions B. true directions D. annual rate of variation change

46. Which information is found in the chart title ________. A. Chart number C. Revision and edition date B. Chart sounding datum D. Variation information

47. Which information is found in the chart title ________. A. Number of the chart C. Variation information B. Edition date D. Survey information

48. Which statement about a gnomonic chart is correct ________. A.A rhumb line appears as a straight line B.Distance is measured at the midlatitude of the track line C.Meridians appear as curved lines converging toward the nearer pole D.Parallels,except the equator,appear as curved lines 第五节 航海通告与警告 1. ______ is not contained in the NM Weekly.

A. Amendments to Admiralty Sailing Directions B. Amendments to Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals C. Amendments to Admiralty List of Radio Signals D. Supplement to Guide to Port Entry 2. ______ is the system for the broadcast and automatic reception of maritime safety information by means of

narrow-band direct-printing telegraphy. A. SafetyNET 3. B. NAVTEX C. NAVAREA D. VHF R/T

______ objects are those which stand out clearly from the background or other objects and are easily

identifiable from a few miles offshore in normal visibility. A. Conspicuous 4. B. Permanent C. Preliminary D. Temporary

A chart has extensive corrections to be made to it.When these are made and the chart is again printed,the

chart issue is a ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. First edition 5.

B. New edition

C. Revised edition

D. Reprint

A marker pole,with a horseshoe buoy and a sea anchor attached,should be used to ______.

A. mark the position of a lost mooring B. determine your vessel's sideslip underway C. determine your speed through the water D. indicate location of a man overboard 6. Admiralty Notices to Mariners,containing important information for the mariners and enabling them to keep

their charts and books corrected for the latest information,are issued daily and published in ______. A. Weekly Editions C. Annual Editions 7. B. Quarterly Editions D. Monthly Editions

Charted depths ______ by 2 meters due to state of the winds. B. Decreased C. Decreases D. Are decreased

A. Is decreased 8.

Charts are subject to frequent correction according to ______. B. Mariner's handbook D. Guide to Port Entry

A. Notices to Mariners C. Sailing Directions 9.

Contour elevations on this chart refer to heights in feet above mean ______. B. High water D. Sea level

A. Lower low water C. Low water

10. LOW AT 34N 135E ESLY SLWLY INTST NC.This description is most likely to be under the heading of ______. A. GL WNG C. STM WNG B. GEN SYN D.T Y WNG

11. Many navigational warnings are of a temporary nature,but others remain in force for several months or may be succeeded by ______. A. Notices to Mariners C. List of Lights and Signals B. Sailing Directions D. Guide to Port Entries

12. Navigational charts are subject to frequent changes,the important ones of which are promulgated by ______. A. Admiralty Notices to Mariners C. Catalogue B. Mariner's Handbook D. Sailing Directions

13. Navigational warnings and weather bulletins for shipping ______ from Singapore Radio. A. broadcast C. are broadcast B. broadcasted D. are broadcasted

14. On a nautical chart,the inner ring of a compass rose indicates ______. A. True directions C. Deviation B. Compass error D. Magnetic directions

15. On notification by Admiralty Notice to Mariners that a new edition of one of the books, or a new supplement

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

to one,has been published,it should be obtained ______. A. as soon as possible C. in advance of any passible accident B. prior to its publication D. by means of other than airmails

16. Positions read from this chart should be moved 0.08 minutes Southward and 0.13 minutes Eastward so as ______ adjoining chart 3446. A. To agree upon C. To be same as B. In accordance with D. To agree with

17. Positions read from this chart should, to agree with chart 3949, be ______ 0.03 minutes Northwards and 0.22 minutes Westwards. A. Shifted B. Removed C. Changed D. Altered

18. SEARCHABLE NOTICES TO MARINERS can be searched by all the following options except ______. A. Chart Number only B. Chart Number + Previous NM Number/Year C. Chart Number + Between Previous and Present Dates D. Cumulative Number 19. Section V of the ADMIRALTY NOTICES TO MARINERS is ______. A. Reprints of Radio Navigational Warnings B. Amendments to Admiralty Sailing Directions C. Amendments to Admiralty Lists of Lights and Fog Signals D. Amendments to Admiralty List of Radio Signals 20. Steam smoke will occur when ______. A. Extremely cold air from shore passes over warmer water B. Warm dry air from shore passes over cooler water C. Cold ocean water evaporates into warm air D. Cool rain passes through a warm air mass 21. ______ is not contained in the NM Weekly. A.Amendments to Admiralty Sailing Directions B.Amendments to Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals C.Amendments to Admiralty List of Radio Signals D.Supplement to Guide to Port Entry 22. The Admiralty Notices to Mariners can be obtained ______ by Masters of vessels from any Admiralty Chart Agent. A. Free of charge C. Without limitations of distribution B. With no responsibility D. With little charges

23. The broken magenta line which runs parallel to the shore between Roanoke Point and Mattituck Inlet marks a ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Fish trap area C. Demarcation line

B. Pipeline D. Cable area

24. The following ______ is a standard phrase. A. WARNING.You are running into danger B. You are possibly running into danger C. You could be in the case of running into danger D. You could,I think,be running into danger 25. The height of a tide can be increased by ______. A.A storm surge C.The jet stream B.A high pressure area D.A cold front

26. The range of a light on Admiralty Charts is normally the ______. A. nominal range C. geographical range B. luminous range D. visible range

27. The range of a light on Admiralty Charts is normally the ______. A. nominal range C. geographical range B. luminous range D. visible range

28. To ______ Admiralty Charts 438,latitudes taken from this chart should be increased by about 5 seconds. A. Convert to B. Come to C. Look at D. Agree with

29. Vessels should not anchor or trawl in the vicinity of pipelines and are ______ in the pipeline area shown on the chart. A. Prohibit to anchor C. Prohibited from anchor B. Prohibited to anchor D. Prohibited from anchoring

30. Weekly NMs are available without subscription from appointed ______. A. Admiralty Distributors B. Admiralty Publication House C. United Kingdom Hydrographic Office(UKHO) D. UK Maritime & Coastguard Agency(MCA) 31. Weekly Notices are dated for the ______ appropriate to the week they are issued on the UKHO website. A. Monday C. Wednesday B. Tuesday D. Thursday

32. What is the most important source of information to be used in correcting charts and keeping them up to date ________. A. Fleet Guides C. Sailing Directions B. Notice to Mariners D. Pilot Charts

33. What is the significance of the broken magenta lines which roughly parallel the shore between Roanoke Point and Orient Point on Long Island ________.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. They mark the limits of breakers in that area B. These lines warn the mariner of submerged rocks C. They mark the boundary lines of fish trap areas D. These lines warn the mariner of submerged pipelines 34. Which is a weekly publication advising mariners of important matters affecting navigational safety ________. A. Light List C. Coast Pilot B. Notice to Mariners D. Sailing Directions

35. Which is the correct procedure for anchoring a small to medium size vessel in deep water ________. A. Let the anchor fall free from the hawsepipe,but apply the brake at intervals to check the rate of fall B. Back the anchor slowly out of the hawsepipe a few feet,and then let it fall in the normal fashion C. Let the anchor fall off the brake right from the hawsepipe,but keep a slight strain on the brake D. Under power,back the anchor out until it is near,but clear,of the bottom before letting it fall 36. Which would influence a magnetic compass ________. A. Electrical wiring B. Iron pipe C. Radio D. All of the above

37. Why is a warning sign displayed at the gangway or access point of a barge during cargo transfer ________. A. To keep visitors away from the barge C. To prohibit open lights B. To prohibit smoking D. All of the above

第三章航海英文函电
第一节 航海日志的填写 1. Which______ need NOT be entered in the Official Logbook?

A. The testing of the internal combustion engine driven emergency generators at least once each month the vessel is navigated B. The testing of storage batteries for emergency lighting and power systems once each 6 months the vessel is navigated C. The actual draft when the vessel arrives in salt water after departing a port D. The testing of the line-throwing appliance once every 3 months 2. A seaman assaults the Second Mate and injures him with a beer bottle while the ship is at sea. The incident is

logged in the Official Logbook.In subsequent suspension and revocation proceedings against the seaman, according to the regulations,______. A. the Second Mate and the Master must testify as to the facts of the assault B. the case will be dismissed if the logbook entries are improperly made C. the logbook entry is prima facie evidence of the facts if it complies with the law D. the logbook is inadmissible if the logbook entries do not conform to the law 3. A seaman leaves a vessel before it sails from a foreign port.He informs the Chief Officer that he won't

return.After the vessel sails,the Chief Officer finds the seaman's work clothes in his locker.How should the Master handle this matter ________.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Log the seaman as a deserter C. Log the seaman for misconduct 4.

B. Log the seaman as a fail to join D. Take no action

A wise Captain gives clear direction in his ______ for the officers on watch to call him if in any doubt

whatsoever A. Deck Logbook C. Bell Book 5. B. Master's Note D. Master's Standing Orders

All events relating to the voyage,such as ship's position,speed and details of the weather,are recorded in

______. A. Logbook C. Oil Record Book 6. B. Bell Book D. Compass Error Book

All of the following records are usually maintained by the watch-standing officers aboard a vessel EXCEPT

the ______. A. deck logbook C. compass record book 7. B. official logbook D. chronometer error book

As per the standing orders,you should carry out all the following operations except ______ upon having

received words that a person has fallen overboard. A. call the Master immediately B. stop the engines C. sound the “Man Overboard” signal of 3 prolonged blasts on the whistle and 3 prolonged blasts on the general alarm D. prepare,as many as possible,rescue facilities,including warm clothes 8. Entrance Light Vessel beamed port,stopped eng.& Tug Ever took pilot off.From this remark,the ship is

likely ______. A. making inward operation C. making cargo operation 9. B. making outward operation D. at anchor

Every entry required to be made in the Official Logbook shall be signed by the ______.

A. Mate on watch B. Master and Chief Mate or other member of the crew C. Master only D. Purser,one of the Mates,and some other member of the crew 10. Give all traffic a good safe berth obeying the Int.Rules.This wording is likely to appear in ______. A. Decklogs C. Wheel Orders B. Night Orders D. B/L

11. If you carry packaged hazardous cargoes on a break bulk vessel bound foreign,you must ______. A. stow the hazardous cargoes on deck available for jettisoning if necessary B. remove the hazardous cargo labels from a portable tank after the tank is emptied

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. have the shipping papers indicate the proper shipping name and the technical name of n.o.s.cargoes D. log the receipt of hazardous cargoes in the Official Logbook 12. In writing up the log book at the end of your watch, you make an error. Which of the following is the way to correct the error ________. A. Carefully and neatly erase the entry and rewrite it correctly B. Remove this page of the log book and rewrite all entries on a clean page C. Blot out the error completely and rewrite the entry correctly D. Cross out the error with a single line and rewrite the entry correctly 13. In writing up the logbook at the end of your watch, you make an error in writing an entry. What is the proper means of correcting this error ________. A. Cross out the error with a single line,and write the correct entry,then initial it B. Carefully and neatly erase the entry and rewrite it correctly C. Remove this page of the log book,and rewrite all entries on a clean page D. Blot out the error completely and rewrite the entry correctly 14. Instructions for training of new seamen are usually found in ______. A. Decklogs C. Standing orders B. Night Orders D. Muster List

15. Never make comment,estimate or guess in your Logbook,but ______ only. A. the specifications C. the descriptions B. the facts D. the details

16. Tested & inspected the steering systems & other navigational equipments & found them in good condition.L'dg & unl'dg finished.This remark is likely made by the OOW ______. A. at the beginning of his watch C. at the end of his watch B. during his watch D. in his cargo watch on deck

17. That REMOVE ANY LIST ON THE V/L AFTER EACH WATCH END means that ______. A. any list,no matter where it is posted,shall be removed prior to ending his watch by the OOW B. the vessel should not be removed C. any and all lists on board the vessel should be taken off D. the inclination of the vessel should be corrected prior to ending his watch by the OOW 18. The entries in the Official Logbook must be signed by the Master and ______. A. the Chief Engineer C. one other crew member B. the person about whom the entry concerns D. no other signature is required

19. The Master or person in charge of a ship is required to log ______. A. the names of all persons on board B. only the names of the crew members on board C. only the names of passengers on board

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. information on emergency training drills 20. Took tug Satex on St'd bow, using eng. and tug var'ly at Capt. and Plt orders. This wording is likely to appear in ______. A. Deck logs C. Captain's Standing Orders B. Night Orders D. B/L

21. What is NOT accepted as the required shipping papers on a manned and loaded tank barge ________. A. Bill of Lading C. Shipping document B. Manifest D. Logbook entry

22. What is required to be entered into the Official Logbook ________. A. Opening a sideport at sea to renew a gasket B. The annual required stripping and cleaning of the lifeboats C. The biennial weight test of the lifeboats and falls D. The drafts on entering port 23. When a vessel is entering or leaving a port,a record of engine speeds is kept in the ______. A. Bell book C. Official Logbook B. Deck rough log D. Engine rough log

24. When must the Master of a vessel log the position of load line marks in relation to the surface of the water in the Official Logbook ________. A. Once a day C. Only when in fresh or brackish water B. At the change of every watch D. Prior to getting underway

25. When recording the wind direction in the weather log,you would report the ______. A. direction the wind is blowing toward C. duration of the maximum gust of wind B. direction the wind is blowing from D. wind chill factor

26. Where must the master or person in charge of a ship record the date of each test of emergency lighting and power systems and the condition and performance of the equipment ________. A. On the Certificate of Inspection C. In the Operations Manual B. On the station bill D. In either the official or unofficial log

27. Where must you record the date of each emergency training drill conducted on a ship ________. A. In the logbook C. On the Certificate of Inspection B. In the Operations Manual D. On the muster list

28. Which is NOT a required entry in the ship's Official Logbook ________. A. Sale of effects of a deceased crew member C. Inspections of cargo gear B. Medical treatment of an injury D. Drydocking of the vessel

29. Which is supplied to the vessel by the MSA ________. A. Bell book C. Official Logbook B. Cargo gear register D. Rough Logbook

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

30. Which log includes a statement of the conduct, ability, and character of each crew member on the completion of a voyage ________. A. Official Logbook C. Crew Logbook B. Department Logbook D. Smooth Logbook

31. Which statement pertaining to log keeping is TRUE ________. A. Entries relating to pre-voyage,pre-departure and daily tests are required B. Both A and C C. All distress,urgent and safety communications must be logged D. Routine daily MF-HF and INMARSAT-C transmissions do not have to be logged 第六节 海上事故报告 1. ______ broke out in No.3 Lower Hold at 0110 L/T on 31st during unloading at buoys/w3-4. B. Badfire C. Bigfire D. Largefire

A. Goodfire 2.

As matter of fact,the damage to the winches was due to ______. B. Inherent vice of the cargo D. Rough handling

A. Insufficiency of packaging C. Improper stowage 3.

Continuous sounding of a fog whistle by a vessel is a signal ______.

A. that the vessel is anchored B. to request the draw span of a bridge to be opened C. of distress D. that the vessel is broken down and drifting 4. He must have had an accident,or he ______ then. B. Should be here D. Would be here

A. Would have been here C. Had to be here 5.

I would be much ______ if you could take the matter up with Owners or Agents on the damage sustained and

also request them to send their representative to us to ascertain the extent of the damage. A. obliged 6. B. engaged C. gained D. contaminated

No damage of any kind ______ aids to navigation or navigation facilities. B. should not be done to D. must not be done with

A. should be done to C. must be done with 7.

The ______ accident was caused by your ship. B. damaged C. sounded D. abovementioned

A. sailing 8.

The best method to stop a vessel from dragging anchor in a sand bottom is to ______.

A. Reduce the length of the cable B. Pay out more anchor cable C. Back the engines D. Swing the rudder several times to work the anchor into the bottom

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

9.

The crew was unable to ______ access to the engine room due to the extreme heat. B. retain C. gain D. contain

A. maintain

10. The expression DROP ANCHOR means ______. A. Hold anchor B. Leave anchor C. Let go anchor D. Weigh anchor

11. The first the Second Mate knew of the fire was the sounding of the emergency alarm,which had been ______ from the engine room. A. acted B. activated C. auctioned D. enactioned

12. The injured stevedore paid ______ attention to the loading instructions from the chief Officer. A. Small B. Little C. Few D. A few

13. The master should ______ necessary precautions to prevent accidents or damage. A. do B. take C. set D. have

14. The primary reason for placing covers over storage batteries is to ______. A. Prevent the accumulation of explosive gases B. Protect the hull from leaking electrolyte C. Prevent movement of the battery in rough waters D. Protect against accidental shorting across terminals 15. The two courses of action if the underwater hull is severely damaged are to plug the openings or to ______. A. Establish and maintain flooding boundaries B. Dewater the compartment C. Secure power to the compartment D. Ballast to maintain even keel 16. There is plenty of ______ at this area. A.A room B.Room C.Rooms D.The room

17. There is something wrong with our radar.All kinds of objects can't be clearly ______ within the definite range. A. Shown B. Expressed C. Appeared D. Displayed

18. Under the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act of 1936,a vessel will be liable for damage to a cargo when the damage arises from ______. A. Unseaworthiness when sailing C. Quarantine delays B. Insufficient packing D. Mismanagement of the vessel

19. We have no steel wire.You had better ______ us one. A. Borrow B. Lend C. Take D. Let

20. What form of ice is of land origin ________. A. Shuga B. Floe C. Spicule D. Bergy bit

21. What is a“Special Warning”________. A. An urgent message concerning a vessel in distress

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B.A weather advisory about unusual meteorological or oceanographic phenomena hazardous to vessels C.A broadcast disseminating an official government proclamation affecting shipping D.A radio navigational warning concerning a particularly hazardous condition affecting navigation 22. Which action(s)is/are included in crane operations ________. A. Normal boom stowage and shutdown operations B. Emergency shutdown operation C. Removing booms from stowage D. All of the above 23. Which action(s)should the operator of a pedestal crane take if crane control is lost ________. A. Let go of both control levers and return to neutral position B. Press the emergency stop C. Notify the mate on watch D. All of the above 24. Which emergency equipment should you keep near the towing bitts ________. A.A self-contained breathing apparatus(SCBA) B.A boat hook and a spanner wrench C.A fire ax and/or cutting torch D.A Stokes litter basket 25. Which list is NOT required to be provided as part of the appendices of the Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan ________. A.A list of agencies or officials of Coastal State Administrators responsible for receiving and processing incident reports B.A list of agencies or officials in regularly visited ports C.A list specifying who will be responsible for informing the parties listed and the priority in which they must be notified D.A list of personnel duty assignments 26. Which statement concerning Montauk Point Light is TRUE ________. A. The light comes on at sunset B. There is an emergency light if the main light is extinguished C. The height of the light is 24 feet D. The tower is painted with black and white stripes 27. While your vessel is docked port side to a wharf,a sudden gale force wind causes the vessel's bow lines to part.The bow begins to fall away from the dock,and no tugs are immediately available.Which measure(s) should you take FIRST ________.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Call the Master and the deck gang B. Slip the stern lines,let the vessel drift into the river,and then anchor C. Let go the starboard anchor D. Obtain assistance and attempt to put some new bow lines out 28. Winds expected to ______ Storm Force 10 in south-east semicircle later up to 300 miles from the center of the tropical cyclone. A. get B. achieve C. attain D. reach

29. You are docking a vessel starboard side to with the assistance of two tugs.You are attempting to hold the vessel off by operating both tugs at right angles to the vessel and at full power.You must ensure that ______. A. steerageway is not taken off C. the bow closes the dock first B. the bow doesn't close the dock first D. the ship has no headway at the time

30. You are underway and pass by a lighthouse.Its light,which was white since you first sighted it,changes to red.This means ______. A. The light is characterized as alternately flashing B. The lighthouse has lost power and has switched to emergency lighting C. It is the identifying light characteristic of the lighthouse D. You have entered an area of shoal water or other hazard 31. You notice smoke coming from an open laundry room doorway. After activating the fire alarm, which of the following would you do FIRST ________. A. Attempt to determine what is burning B. Acquire the nearest self contained breathing apparatus C. Break out the nearest fire hose D. Wait for the fire team to arrive and assist as directed 32. Your ______ working on my vessel has acknowledged the truth of and liability for the damage. A. representative B. DP C. ship-owner D. man

第四章 国际安全管理
第一节 国际安全管理规则(ISM) 1. ______ is not among the Safety management objectives of the Company.

A. to provide for safe practices in ship operation and a safe working environment B. to establish safeguards against all identified risks C. to continuously improve safety management skills of personnel ashore and aboard ships,including preparing for emergencies related both to safety and environmental protection D.to avoid damage to the environment,in particular,to the marine environment,and to property 2. ______ is not required to be included in SMS of a Company.

A. Procedures for reporting accidents and non-conformities with the provisions of this Code B. Application of the codes,guidelines and standards recommended by the Organization,Administrations,

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

classification societies and maritime industry organizations C. Procedures to prepare for and respond to emergency situations D. Procedures for internal audits and management reviews 3. ______ is responsible for ensuring that adequate resources and shore based support are provided to enable

the designated person or persons to carry out their functions. A. The Administration C. The Company 4. B. The Government D. The Organization

A look-out should report objects sighted using ______. B. Magnetic bearings D. Relative bearings

A. True bearings C. Gyro bearings 5.

A maritime lien may be placed against ______.

A. Any assets that a ship's owner may have B.A vessel,cargo,or freight C.Objects that are fixed and immovable,such as wharves D.The vessel only 6. Acceptance of delivery shall not ______ any waiver of Charterer's rights hereunder. B. institute C. consist D. constitute

A. prostitute 7.

All expenses of Cargo-handling are ______. B. To be paid for the Charterers D. To be paid by the Charterers

A. To be accounted for the Charterers C. To be handled for the Charterers 8.

All the following are the objectives of ISM code except ______.

A. to ensure safety at sea B. to ensure prevention of human injury or loss of life C. to ensure avoidance of damage to the environment, in particular, to the marine environment, and to property D. to ensure achievement of shipping profits by both the carrier/owner and the shipper 9. Do you know ________. B. Where the chief officer is D. The chief officer is where

A. Where is the chief officer C. Is where the chief officer

10. If shore personnel are not permitted to work due to failure of the Owners to comply with the necessary regulations,or because of a lack of necessary certificates,any time so that lost to count as ______. A. Demurrage B. Despatch C. Off-hire D. Delay

11. If the Charterer nominates an unsafe port and the ship is damaged through going there,______ will be liable for the damage,subject to that the master acts reasonably in going there. A. He B. She C. The owner D. The shipper

12. If the ship is delayed by reason of Charterer's failure to name a port,______ will be liable for the damages . A. the owner

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. the Charterer C. the shipper D. the carrier 13. Prior to getting underway,the Master or person in charge of a vessel must ______. A. conduct a fire drill B. conduct a boat drill C. log the fore and aft draft marks D. test the emergency generator 14. Procedures for the implementation of corrective action should be established by ______. A. The Administration B. The Government C. The Company D. The Organization 15. Refrigeration machinery is often surveyed before loading reefer cargo.This survey is usually performed by the ______. A. MSA B. CCS C. CCIQ D. Local port authority 16. That the ______ showed that the ship complied with the requirements of the said Convention. A. Looking B. Seeing C. Sightseeing D. Inspection 17. The Company should clearly define and document the master's responsibility with regard to all the following items except ______. A. implementing the safety and environmental protection policy of the Company B. motivating the crew in the observation of that policy C. designing the procedures for internal audits and management reviews D. issuing appropriate orders and instructions in a clear and simple manner 18. The Company should clearly define and document the master's responsibility with regard to all the following items except ______. A. implementing the safety and environmental protection policy of the Company B. preparing procedures to respond to emergency situations C. verifying that specified requirements are observed D. reviewing the SMS and reporting its deficiencies to the shore based management

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

19. The Company should ensure that the Safety and Environmental Protection policy is implemented and maintained ______. A. at the level of ship based organization B. at the level of shore based organization C. at all levels of the organization both ship based as well as shore based D. at highest level of the organization 20. The document on a vessel,annually endorsed by an American Bureau of Shipping surveyor,is called the ______. A. Certificate of Inspection B. Classification Certificate C. Load Line Certificate D. Seaworthy Certificate 21. The Master may have his/her license suspended or revoked for ______. A. carrying stowaways B. sailing shorthanded C. being negligent D. All of the above 22. The master shall be ______ the marine environment when taking collision-avoiding action. A. Aware of B. Clear of C. In charge of D. Interested with. 23. The person on a ship who is responsible for maintaining the engineering spaces in a clean and sanitary condition is the ______. A. Master,or person in charge B. Chief Engineer,or engineer in charge if no chief engineer is required C. Senior mechanic,or mechanic on duty if no senior mechanic designated D. Senior electrician,or electrician on duty if no senior electrician designated 24. The Third Officer's duty is to ______ when vessel is commanded under the pilot or Captain. A. Operate the wheel and stand by B. Keep a lookout and operate steering gear C. Enter telegraph orders in the bell book D. Operate the telegraph and enter telegraph orders in the bell book 25. When taking a Pilot from a pilot vessel in a seaway,which way should you head your vessel if the ladder is on the leeward side ________. A. Bow to the sea and no way on your vessel

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. Sea on the lee quarter with ship moving ahead slowly C. Sea on the weather bow and ship moving ahead slowly D. Sea on the quarter with sternway on the ship 26. Who checks the bridge clock for accuracy each day ________. A. Third officer B. Second officer C. Chief officer D. Assistant officer 第二节 港口国监督及报告 1. ______ is entitled to enter into,with a shipper,any agreement,stipulation,condition,reservation or

exception as to the responsibility and liability of the carrier or the ship for the loss of or damage to,or in connection with,the custody and care and handling of the goods prior to the loading on,and subsequent to the discharge from,the ship on which the goods are carried by sea. A.A carrier B.A consignee C.A consigner D.A receiver 2. ______ may be defined as a departure without justification and under no necessity from the proper and usual

course of an agreed voyage,whereby the character and the incidents of such voyage are altered. A. Deviation B. Change C. Alteration D. Amendment 3. ______ may not justify detention.

A. significant areas of damage or corrosion B. pitting of plating and associated stiffening in decks C. pitting of hull affecting seaworthiness or strength to take local loads D. the condition of such items as ladder ways,guard-rails,pipe coverings 4. ______ means any person by whom or in whose name or on whose behalf a contract of carriage of goods by

sea has been concluded with a carrier, or any person by whom or in whose name or on whose behalf the goods are actually delivered to the carrier in relation to the contract of carriage of goods by sea. A. Shipper B. Charterer C. Shipowner D. Carrier 5. ______ means the sufficiency of a vessel in materials, construction, equipment, crew, and outfit for the trade

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

or service in which it is employed. A. Seaworthiness B. Cargo-worthiness C. Readiness D. Proficiency

6.

______ the master is to use all reasonable care to bring the adventure to a successful conclusion,protecting

the ship and cargo from undue risks,as agent for the Shipowner. A. The only duty of B. None of the duties of C. One of the main duties of D. No duty of 7. A casualty report of an intentional grounding is required under what condition ________.

A. Under any condition B. If the grounding lasts over 24 hours C. If it creates a hazard to the environment D. At the owner's discretion 8. A lookout can leave his station ______.

A. At the end of the watch B. At any time C. ONLY when properly relieved D.15 minutes before the end of the watch 9. According to Sinotime,during the period of this Charter,should the Vessel be requisitioned by the

government of the Vessel's nationality,hire to ______ from the time of her requisition. A. continue B. stop C. commence D. cease 10. An action for indemnity against a third person may ______ after the expiration of the year if brought within the time allowed by the law of the court seized of the case. A. be carried out B. encountered C. be met with D. be bringing 11. Finally,when your ship is alongside,don't forget ______. A. having rat guards properly mounted on your moorings

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. to have rat guards properly mounted on your moorings C. to have rat guards properly mounting at your moorings D. having rat guards proper mounted on your moorings 12. Get the searchlight ______ for transiting the canal at night. A. turned off B. already C. almost D. ready 13. If,by refusing to name a place of discharge,the Charterer prevents the Shipowner from earning freight, ______ will have to pay it as damages for breach of contract. A. She B. He C. It D. They 14. In reaching a decision of detention,the port State control officer will have regard to ______,making an allowance for fair wear and tear over the minimum acceptable scantlings. A. the age of the ship B. the seaworthiness C. the max drafts at both bow and the stern D. the stability and calculated strength 15. The name and hailing port of a documented commercial vessel is ______. A. not required to be marked anywhere on the vessel B. required to be marked on both bows and on the keel C. required to be marked on the stern with the name of the vessel marked on both bows D. required to be marked on the keel,stern,and both bows 16. The port State control officer may ensure that ______ are exhibited in conspicuous places throughout the ship. A. survey planning document B. muster lists C. bulk carrier booklet D. bulk carrier loading triangle 17. The port State control officer or the surveyor authorized by the port State Administration must be aware that ______ may be carried on product carriers. A. category A substances B. crude oil C. certain“oil like”noxious liquid substances

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D. category B,C and D substances 18. The port State control officer will ensure that ______ is performed by all crude carriers either required to have a crude oil washing system or where the owner or operator chooses to install a crude oil washing system. A. cargo loading operations B. cargo unloading operations C. cargo control operations in the transport D. crude oil washing 19. What does the DSC control unit do if the GMDSS radio operator fails to insert updated information when initiating a DSC distress alert ________. A. It will abort the transmission and set off an audible alarm that must be manually reset B. It will initiate the DSC distress alert but,as no information will be transmitted,rescue personnel will not be able to identify the vessel,its position or its situation C. It will initiate the DSC distress alert and default information will automatically be transmitted D. It will initiate the DSC distress alert,but any station receiving it will have to establish contact with the distressed vessel to determine its identity,position and situation 20. Where advance freight is agreed upon,payment does not depend on delivery and must be made ______ the ship is lost and the cargo never delivered. A. Unless B. When C. Because D. Even though 21. Where events have rendered performance of the contract illegal either by English law or by the law of the country in which performance was to have taken place,the Charterer will ______ from the liability to provide a cargo. A. Be provided B. Be excused C. Be supplied D. Be replied 22. Where the master has not disclosed to the suppliers of necessaries that under an existing time-charter the Charterer is liable for the particular disbursements in question,______ will be liable to such suppliers to that extent. A. The master B. The Charterer C. The Shipowner D. The cargo owner 23. Which channel and mode should be used when initiating a distress alert transmission ________.

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A. Channel 6 DSC B. Channel 6 Radiotelephony C. Channel 13 Radiotelephony and channel 16 DSC D. Channel 70 DSC 24. Which instrument is most useful in forecasting fog ________. A.A barometer B.An anemometer C.A sling psychrometer D.A pyrometer 25. Which statement about radio navigational warnings is TRUE ________. A. The topics for warnings included in HYDROLANTS, HYDROPACS, and NAVAREA warnings are the same B. NAVAREA warnings concern only coastal navigation and inland navigation in large bays or sounds such as Puget Sound C. The United States is responsible for NAVAREA warnings in the North Atlantic north of 7° N,and west of 15° W D. Long range radio navigational warnings are usually broadcast by radiotelephone ,radiotelegraph,and radio-teletypewriter 26. Which step should be taken,if possible,when the vessel must be abandoned because of a distress situation ________. A. Alert the Coast Guard by using the survival craft's portable INMARSAT unit B. Program the SART and EPIRB to transmit the vessel's location and situation C. Place the SART and EPIRB in the“ON”position and secure them to the survival craft D. No additional steps are needed as the SART and EPIRB will both automatically float free and operate properly 27. While proceeding to a distress site,you hear the words “Seelonce mayday” on the radiotelephone.Which action should you take ________. A. Resume base course and speed as your assistance is no longer required B. Acknowledge receipt and advise your course,speed,and ETA C. Relay the original distress message as no other vessel has acknowledged it D. Monitor the radiotelephone but do not transmit

第六章 国际海事公约与规则
第一节 STCW 1. A qualified deck officer should be ______ the watch.

A. In charge of B. Arranged C. Decided to

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. The depth of 2. Although the Shipowner may be responsible for the loss or damage to the goods,his liability may be limited

by the terms of ______. A. STCW B. IMDG C. SOLAS D. The contract or the statute. 3. If at any time the officer in charge of the navigational watch is to be relieved when a manoeuvre or other

action to avoid any hazard is taking place,______. A. the relief of that officer shall be made prior to such action has been completed B. the relief of that officer shall never be made C. the relief of that officer shall be deferred until such action has been completed D. the relief of that officer shall be made by the captain 4. If in any doubt as to the pilot's actions or intentions,the officer in charge of the navigational watch shall

______. A. notify the master immediately B. take whatever action is necessary before the master arrives C. take necessary actions at his/her discretion D. seek clarification from the pilot 5. In determining that the ______ of the navigational watch is adequate to ensure that a proper look-out can

continuously be maintained,the master shall take into account all relevant factors. A. disposition B. composition C. reposition D. position 6. In terms of vessel manning,a watch is the ______.

A. Direct performance of deck or engine operations in a scheduled and fixed rotation B. Performance of maintenance work necessary for the vessel's safe operation,on a daily basis C. Performance of lookout duties D. Direct performance of cargo loading and discharge operations only 7. It is the responsibility of the Master or person in charge of a ship to ensure that ______.

A. the Muster List(“Station Bill”)is posted in each compartment B. temporary personnel and visitors are advised of emergency stations C. names of crew members are listed on the Muster List(“Station Bill”) D. no changes are made to the Muster List(“Station Bill”) 8. Maritime Administration personnel may be allowed in the pilothouse upon the responsibility of the ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Chief Officer B. Navigator C. Most senior person present from the Maritime Administration D. Officer in charge of the watch 9. No person whose license has been revoked shall be issued another license except upon ______.

A. approval of the Commandant B. taking a new examination C. approval of the Officer-in-Charge,Marine Inspection D. approval of an administrative law judge 10. Orders of the Master to the officer of the watch which s/he must comply with are ______. A. Night orders B. Standing orders C. Commands by master D. Requirements by master 11. Prior to each voyage the master of every ship shall ensure that the intended route from the port of departure to ______ is planned using adequate and appropriate charts and other nautical publications necessary for the intended voyage. A. the first port of call B. any port of call C. the last port of call D. the destination 12. Shipping society approved buoyant work vests are considered to be items of safety equipment and may be worn by members of the crew ______. A. in lieu of life preservers during fire drills B. in lieu of life preservers during boat drills C. in lieu of life preservers during an actual emergency D. when carrying out duties near a weather deck's edge 13. Sideways movement of the mast is resisted by the ______. A. Shrouds B. Halyards C. Sheets D. Forestay 14. The Chief Officer ______ told the stevedores to stow the cargo lot by lot. A. Plainly B. Playfully C. Absolutely

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. Completely 15. The crude oil washing installation and associated equipment and arrangements shall ______ with the requirements established by the Administration. A. Comply B. Supply C. Provide D. Deny 16. The fitting that allows a boom to move freely both vertically and laterally is called the ______. A. Swivel B. Lizard C. Spider band D. Gooseneck 17. The fluke angle of an anchor system is the angle between the ______. A. flukes and the shank B. shank and the sea bottom C. mooring line and the sea bottom D. flukes and the shackle 18. The grip of a joint represents the ______. A. thickness of the connected members B. diameter of the head C. entire length of the rivet D. diameter of the shank 19. The Master to prosecute all voyages with the utmost ________ and to render customary assistance with the Vessel's Crew. A. Fastness B. Speeding C. Swiftness D. Despatch 20. The officer in charge of the navigational watch shall not hand over the watch to the relieving officer if ______. A. there is reason to believe that the latter is not capable of carrying out the watchkeeping duties effectively B. the ship is fitted with automatic steering C. there is daylight or darkness D. at no time shall the bridge be left unattended 21. The owner or Master of a towing vessel shall ensure that all tests and inspections of gear take place and are logged ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. when a new Master assumes command B. daily,at 0800 local zone time C. weekly,before 2400 Saturday D. immediately after assuming the watch 22. The owner or Master of a towing vessel shall ensure that all tests and inspections of gear take place and are logged ______. A. On each watch,immediately before being relieved B. Before embarking on a voyage of more than 24 hours C. Daily,at 1200 local zone time D. Weekly,before 0000 Sunday 23. The sprocket teeth on a wildcat are known as the ______. A. Pawls B. Devil's claws C. Whelps D. Pockets 24. The sprocket wheel in a windlass,used for heaving in the anchor,is called a ______. A. Capstan B. Dog wheel C. Fairlead D. Wildcat 25. The upward slope of a vessels bottom from the keel to the bilge is called ______. A. Camber B. Sheer C. Rake D. Rise of bottom 26. The use of liners in riveted construction is eliminated by using ______. A. Lapped construction B. Strapped construction C. Joggled construction D. Belted construction 27. Upon completion of fueling a gasoline driven vessel it is necessary to ______. A. keep ports,doors,windows,and hatches closed B. start engines immediately C. ventilate before starting engine D. none of the above 28. What is the BEST conductor of electricity ________.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Carbon dioxide B. Distilled water C. Fresh water D. Salt water 29. What is the best instrument for establishing a safe working area before welding in a confined space ________. A. An oxygen indicator B.A combustible gas indicator C.A combination combustible gas and oxygen indicator D.A flame safety lamp 30. What is the most important difference between the bow type anchor shackle and the D-type anchor shackle ________. A. The bow type shackle provides a superior connection B. The D-type shackle is weaker than the bow type C. The bow type shackle is weaker than the D-type D. The D-type shackle provides an inferior connection 31. What is the purpose of the limit switch on gravity davits ________. A. To cut off the power when the davits hit the track safety stops B. To stop the davits from going too fast C. To cut off the power when the davits are about 12 inches or more from the track safety stops D. None of the above 32. Which device is designed to automatically hold the load if power should fail to an electric winch ________ . A. Pneumatic brake B. Electromagnetic brake C. Hand brake D. Motor controller 33. Which statement describes the shore between Watch Hill Point and Point Judith ________. A. Low,rocky cliffs with heavily wooded hills inland B. Sandy beaches broken by rocky points C. Sand dunes and beaches with a mud and sand bottom D. Wooded,barren hills with isolated prominent buildings 34. While the Pilot is maneuvering the vessel to a dock, what is the PRIMARY responsibility of the watch officer ________. A. Insure that helm and throttle orders given by the Pilot are correctly executed B. Judge the appropriateness of the Pilot's orders and countermand them if necessary C. Supervise the signaling and flag etiquette

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. Record the bells and their times in the bell book 35. While underway in thick fog you are on watch and hear the cry“man overboard”.Which type of maneuver should you make ________. A. Figure eight turn B. Round turn C. Racetrack turn D. Williamson turn 36. While you are on watch entering port,the Master gives the helmsman a rudder command which conflicts with a rudder command from the Pilot.You should make sure the helmsman ______. A. Obeys the Pilot B. Obeys the Master C. Asks you for instructions D. Brings the rudder to a point midway between the two conflicting positions 37. Who may perform as a lookout ________. A.A member of the engineering watch B.A member of the navigational watch C.A member of the Stewards Department D.All of the above 38. You are a watch standing mate and have come to the bridge to relieve the watch while underway at sea.The watch should not be transferred ______. A. During an engine speed change B. During a navigational course change C. Unless the helm is in the“hand”mode D. All of the above 39. You are on watch and the pilot has just anchored the vessel.The next thing that you should do after the anchor has been let go is to ______. A. Stop the engines B. Escort the pilot to the accommodation ladder C. Plot the vessel's position on the chart D. Make a round of the weather decks 40. You are on watch and the Pilot has the conn.The Master has temporarily gone below.The Pilot orders a course change which you are certain will put the vessel into imminent danger.Your first action should be to ______. A. Countermand the order and immediately notify the Master B. Make an appropriate entry in the deck log concerning the Pilot's order C. Immediately call the Master and await further orders from him

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. Immediately sound a short ring on the general alarm 41. You are standing the wheelwatch on entering port and the Master gives you a rudder command which conflicts with a rudder command from the Pilot.What should you do ________. A. obey the Master B. obey the Pilot C. bring the rudder to a position midway between the two conflicting orders D. ask the Pilot if he relinquishes control 42. You are standing the wheelwatch when you hear the cry,“Man overboard starboard side”.You should instinctively ______. A. Give full right rudder B. Give full left rudder C. Put the rudder amidships D. Throw a life ring to mark the spot 43. You have orders to drop off a barge loaded with propylene oxide at a fleet. In doing so, you must ensure that ______. A. All wing voids and rakes are pumped dry before tying off the barge B. The barge is moored next to the bank where it will be protected from a possible collision C. The barge is under the care of a watchman D.A rake end is facing upstream to minimize the effect of current on the mooring lines 44. Your ship must ______. A. Reduce speed B. Increase speed C. Change speed D. Stop engine 第二节 SOLAS 1. ______ is not the information necessary for the master to obtain guidance as to the stability of the ship.

A.a curve of minimum operational metacentric height(GM)versus draught B.instructions concerning the operation of cross-flooding arrangements C.the signals or lights being exhibited or sounded D.all other data and aids which might be necessary to maintain stability after damage 2. ______ should be consulted to obtain the information concerning port documents required by the port

Authority. A. Admiralty Notices to Mariners B. SOLAS C. Admiralty Sailing Directions D. Guide to Port Entry

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

3.

______ should not be considered as components as fire installations.

A. fire pumps B. fire mains C. hydrants and hoses D. closing appliances which are kept permanently closed at sea 4. A documented vessel operating over 50 miles offshore must carry an inflatable liferaft with a ______.

A. SOLAS A pack B. SOLAS B pack C. Coastal pack D. Small vessel pack 5. A fiber towing hawser is readied for service by ______.

A. Spooling it on a winch cathead B. Coiling it in a counterclockwise direction on the fantail C. Faking it on deck in a fore and aft direction D. Spooling it on a reel lying on its side to prevent rolling 6. A hook that will release quickly is a ______.

A. longshore hook B. margin hook C. marginal hook D. pelican hook 7. A long splice in a line ______.

A. is used in running rigging B. doubles the size of the line C. is only used on fiber rope D. is very weak 8. A mooring line leading at nearly right angles to the keel is a ______.

A. Spring line B. Bow line C. Stern line D. Breast line 9. A permanent chain chasing system is used to ______.

A. Clean anchor chain as it's hauled in B. Recover anchors which have lost their buoys C. Run and retrieve anchors D. Prepare anchor chain for inspection 10. A spanner is a ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. cross connection line between two main fire lines B. special wrench for the couplings in a fire hose line C. tackle rigged to support a fire hose D. none of the above 11. A tackle is “two blocked” when the blocks are ______. A. Equally sharing the load B. Jammed together C. As far apart as possible D. Rove to the highest mechanical advantage 12. A tackle is two blocked when the blocks are ______. A. equally sharing the load B. jammed together C. as far apart as possible D. rove to the highest mechanical advantage 13. A twin-screw vessel with a single rudder is making headway.The engines are full speed ahead.There is no wind or current.Which statement is FALSE ________. A. If one screw is stopped,the ship will turn toward the side of the stopped screw B. The principal force which turns the ship is set up by the wake against the forward side of the rudder C. Turning response by use of the rudder only is greater than on a single-screw vessel D. With the rudder amidships,the ship will steer a fairly steady course 14. A vessel cannot comply with all of the SOLAS requirements due to its construction.Where will this be indicated ________. A. Nowhere;the vessel must comply to engage in international trade B. On the reverse of the SOLAS certificate C. On the Exemption Certificate D. On the Certificate of Inspection 15. A wire rope that has been overstrained will show ______. A.A bulge in the wire where the strain occurred B.A decrease in diameter where the strain occurred C.A kink in the wire where the strain occurred D.No visible effects of an overstrain 16. All wire rope used in shipboard cargo gear must be identified and described in a certificate.The certificate shall certify all of the following EXCEPT the ______. A. Date of the test B. Load at which a test sample broke C. Name of the vessel

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. Number of strands and of wires in each strand 17. An advantage of nylon rope over manila rope is that nylon rope ______. A. Can be used in conjunction with wire or spring-lay rope B. Can be stored on decks exposed to sunlight C. Can hold a load even when a considerable amount of the yarns have been abraded D. Gives audible warning of overstress whereas manila does not 18. An intermediate spring is ______. A. Fitted in each leg of the towing bridle B. Generally located between the “fishplate” and the main towing hawser C. Secured at the “H” bitts D. Usually made of manila hawser 19. An ocean towing bridle whose legs are of equal length,but too short,may ______. A. fail to provide spring in the hawser B. cause unequal distribution of the load to one leg C. cause the bridle legs to jump clear of the chocks or fairleads D. None of the above 20. As you hold a piece of manila line vertically in front of you,the strands run from the lower left to the upper right.Which type of line is this ________. A. Right-hand laid B. Cable-laid C. Sennet-laid D. Water-laid 21. At least ______ radar transponder shall be carried on each side of every cargo ship of 500 gross tonnage and upwards. A. one B. two C. three D. four 22. Cribbing is ______. A. wooden blocks or dunnage placed between a deck load and the deck B. the chains and shackles used to secure a deck cargo C.a crate in which a deck cargo is packaged D.cardboard separation pieces placed between deck loads to prevent chafing 23. Flanking rudders effect a vessel's heading because of the ______. A. Effect of the propeller flow on the rudders B. Water flow due to the vessel's movement through the water

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. Tunnel affect of the water flow past opposing rudders D. Discharge current being channeled to impinge on the vessel's deadwood 24. Goods of an inflammable, explosive or dangerous nature to the shipment whereof the carrier, master or agent of the carrier, has not consented, with knowledge of their nature and character, may at any time before discharge, ______ at any place or destroyed or rendered innocuous by the carrier without compensation. A. Be loaded B. Be landed C. Be lended D. Be loaned 25. Halon gas will decompose and may form very hazardous toxic fumes when discharged ______. A. Directly on flames B. At room temperature C. In an extremely cold climate D. None of the above 26. How many operators are needed/required on board according to the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea,1974 ________. A.4 operators B.3 operators C.2 operators D.1 operator 27. If two mooring lines are to be placed on the same bollard,which method is BEST ________. A. Place the eye from the forward line on the bollard and then place the eye from the second line directly over the first B. It makes no difference how the lines are placed C. Place the eye from either line on the bollard, and then bring the eye of the other line up through the eye of the first,and place it on the bollard D. Place both eyes on the bollard,in any manner,but lead both lines to the same winch head on the vessel and secure them on the winch 28. If you do not wear goggles and helmet,your chances of being ______ will be greater. A. Beaten B. Damaged C. Hurt D. Stricken 29. In ______ convention,a vessel which carries more than 12 passengers shall be deemed as a passenger ship. A. COSCO B. STCW

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. SOLAS D. MARPOL 30. In a married falls rig at the after end of a hatch,a boom is rigged in a fore and aft line through its heel.Stresses on the outboard guy will be LEAST if the guy is made fast at a point ______. A. Abreast the heel B. At right angles to the boom when viewed from above C. Aft of the heel D. Forward of the spiderband 31. In a twin screw ship going half-ahead,both screws turning outboard and the rudder amidships,no current or wind,the vessel will ______. A. Move bodily to port B. Move bodily to starboard C. Move in a zig-zag motion D. Steer a fairly straight course 32. In accordance with SOLAS, the batteries that power interior lighting in inflatable liferafts can be made to last longer by ______. A. Unscrewing the bulb during the daylight B. Switching the light on only when necessary C. Taking no action as there is no way on saving power D. Taking no action as they shut off automatically in daylight 33. In order to help protect a natural fiber rope from rotting,the line must be ______. A. Dried,and stowed in a place with adequate ventilation B. Stowed in a hot,moist compartment C. Stowed on deck at all times D. Stowed in any compartment 34. In the manufacture of wire rope,if the wires are shaped to conform to the curvature of the finished rope before they are laid up,the rope is called ______. A. composite B. left-lay C. improved D. preformed 35. Instructions on how to conduct search and rescue are given in the ______ which is primarily designed for use by merchant ship. A. MARPOL B. IRPCS C. SOLAS

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. MERSAR 36. Manila lines in which the strands are right-hand laid ______. A. should be coiled in a clockwise direction B. should be coiled in a counterclockwise direction C. may be coiled either clockwise or counterclockwise D. should never be coiled 37. Mousing a cargo hook with marline or small line ______. A. Increases the lifting capacity of the hook B. Protects the hook from the sling ring C. Prevents the sling ring from coming out of the hook D. All of the above 38. On a rigid liferaft(SOLAS B pack)which is equipped with all of the required equipment you may NOT find a ______. A. Bailer B. Sponge C. Whistle D. Fishing kit 39. Safety goggles or glasses are NOT normally worn when ______. A. using a rotary grinder with an installed shield B. letting go the anchor C. handling wire rope or natural fiber line D. painting with a spray gun 40. Safety of navigation is dealt with in chapter V of the SOLAS Convention which identifies certain navigation safety services which should be provided by Contracting Governments and sets forth provisions of an operational nature applicable in general to all ships on all voyages.This is ______ the Convention as a whole. A. In contrast to B. In compliance with C. The essence of D. Representing 41. Serving is ______. A. Marline or ratline wound along the grooves of a rope B. Narrow strips of light canvas or cotton cloth spiral-wrapped along the rope C. Marline tightly wound on the rope by means of a board or mallet D.A splice made by laying the strand of one rope into the vacated grooves of another rope 42. SOLAS is the abbreviation of ______. A. International Maritime Dangerous Goods Carried by Sea

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Gases in Bulk C. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea D. International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 43. SOLAS requires a lifesaving training manual be provided in each crew cabin or in the ______. A. Bridge B. Engineering control station C. Recreation and messrooms D. Fire control room 44. Temporary Certificates of Inspection are effective until the ______. A. SOLAS Certificate is issued B. Loadline Certificate is renewed C. Classification society approval is issued D. Permanent Certificate of Inspection is issued 45. The best method of protecting that portion of a fiber anchor line nearest the anchor from chafing on the bottom is by ______. A. Using a small scope ratio B. Replacing that portion with a short length of chain C. Using a hockle to keep that portion of the anchor line off the bottom D. Using a synthetic line 46. The Charterers shall have the privilege to ship dangerous cargo in accordance with _______ Code or any competent authorities' regulations,as applicable. A. IMDG B. Hague C. SOLAS D. MARPOL 47. The explosive range of a fuel lies between the lower explosive limit and the ______. A. flash point B. ignition temperature C. upper explosive limit D. fire point 48. The ladder shall ______. A. be secured in a position so that it rests firmly against the ship's side from which the discharge operations are carried out B. have at least two replacement steps which are secured in position by a method different from that used in the original construction C. have battens made of hardwood,or other material of equivalent properties,in one piece and not less than

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

1.80metres long provided at such intervals as will prevent the pilot ladder from twisting D. have steps made of softwood,or other material of equivalent properties,made in one piece free of knots, having an efficient slip surface 49. The maximum number of passengers a Vessel may carry ______. A. is stated on the vessel's Certificate of Inspection B. is the number authorized in the Navigation Rules C. depends on the number of lifejackets you carry D. is the number authorized by your license 50. The number of able seamen required on board is stated in the ______. A. American Bureau of Shipping code B. Solas Certificate C. Classification Certificate D. Certificate of Inspection 51. The safest procedure used to rig a guy and preventer is to have the guy ______. A. and preventer have equal stress B. stronger than the preventer to minimize the danger of separation C. take a lighter load than the preventer as a safety factor D. take the stress in case the preventer parts 52. The Safety Equipment Certificate shows that the vessel conforms to the standards of the ______. A. MSA B. American Bureau of Shipping C. American Salvage Association D. SOLAS Convention 53. The Safety of Life at Sea Convention was developed by the ______. A. IMDG conference B. American Bureau of Shipping C. International Maritime Organization D. American Institute of Maritime Shipping 54. The size of wire rope is determined by the ______. A. number of strands B. number of wires in each strand C. circumference D. diameter 55. The Vessel is a __________ bulk carrier which is permitted to carry grain in bulk without requiring any fittings under the Rules of the 1974 International Safety of Life at Sea Convention. A. Self-loading

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. Self-trimming C. Self-unloading D. Self-discharging 56. To determine the number of inflatable liferafts required on a vessel,you should check the ______. A. Load Line Certificate B. SOLAS Certificate C. Stability Letter D. Certificate of Inspection 57. To determine the number of portable fire extinguishers required on an inspected vessel, you should check the ______. A. Hot work permit B. Certificate of Inspection C. Safety of Life at Sea Certificate D. Muster List 58. What are the two main types of stud link chain ________. A. Oil Rig chain and Oil Field Stud Link chain B. Flash-butt welded chain and Di-Lok chain C. Flash-butt welded chain and Oil Rig chain D. Oil Field Stud Link chain and Flash-butt welded chain 59. What best describes an anchor buoy ________. A.A black ball that is hoisted when the ship anchors B.A buoy attached to the anchor C.A buoy attached to the scope of an anchor chain D.A mark of the number of fathoms in an anchor chain 60. What does the term end-for-end refer to in regard to a wire towing hawser ________. A. Cutting off the bitter and towing ends of the wire rope B. Splicing two wire ropes together C. Removing the wire rope from the drum and reversing it so that the towing end becomes the bitter end D. Removing the wire rope from the drum and turning it over so that the wire bends in the opposite direction when rolled on a drum 61. What equipment is customarily used when seamen are working on a stage rigged over the side of a vessel ________. A. Jacob's ladder B. Manropes C. Heaving lines D. All of the above

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

62. What is an advantage of having wire rope with a fiber core over that of a wire rope of the same size with a wire core ________. A. Fiber core rope offers greater strength B. Fiber core rope offers greater flexibility C. Fiber core rope can be used at higher operating temperatures D. Fiber core rope is the only type authorized for cargo runners 63. When a davit-launched raft is lowered from a ship, upon becoming waterborne, the raft is released by ______. A. activating the release lock of the hook B. pulling smartly on the knobbed cocking lanyard C. the effects of buoyancy removing the weight of the raft from the hook D. releasing the boarding flap and the bowsing lines 64. When attempting to free an anchor jammed in the hawsepipe,the simplest method of freeing it may be ______. A. Starting the disengaged windlass at high speed B. Rigging a bull rope to pull it out C. To grease the hawsepipe D. To pry it loose with a short piece of pipe 65. When paying out nylon line from around the bitts ______. A. stand clear of the bitts and use two or more round turns under your figure eights B. you can surge the line even with a single turn C. no extra turns are necessary since nylon has a high coefficient of friction D. stand in the bight of the line 66. When rigging a bosun's chair,a tail block or lizard is used to ______. A. guide the bosun's chair down a stay when applying a protective coating B. run paint or tools up to a sailor in a chair with a heaving line C. keep a bosun's chair from swinging with the ship's motion D. reeve the gantline through 67. When rigging a stage, the standing part should be fastened to the horns of a stage with which of the following hitches ________. A. Clove hitch B. Timber hitch C. Marlinespike hitch D. Double blackwall hitch 68. When two lines are spliced together,______. A. The size of the lines at the splice decreases B. They are stronger than if knotted together

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. The overall strength of each line is increased D. The bitter ends will resist rotting 69. Which of the following statements concerning the rigging of bosuns' chairs and their use is TRUE ________. A. Always secure the gantline to the chair with a bowline B. Always have the chair hoisted with at least three turns on a winch drum C. Any tools,paint pots etc.should be secured by lanyards D. When riding a stay,make sure that the bow of the shackle passes through the becket of the bridle 70. Which statement about stowing spare hose is TRUE ________. A. Fold the hose so that the male coupling is about 4 feet from the female coupling,then roll it up B. Roll the hose starting at the female end C. Roll the hose starting at the male end D. Fold the hose into lengths about 6 feet long and then lash the folds together 71. You are preparing to lubricate standing rigging on your vessel.When rigging a bosun's chair on a stay with a shackle,______. A. Connect the shackle to the bosun's chair with a hook B. Never allow the shackle pin to ride on the stay C. Run the gantline through the shackle and then make fast to the bosun's chair D. Tie the bitter end of the gantline to the shackle before shackling it to the bosun's chair 72. You are preparing to slush a stay on your vessel by lowering yourself down the stay in a bosun's chair.The proper way to do this is to ride down the stay on a riding shackle ______. A. with the pin of the shackle riding on the stay B. with the pin of the shackle through the chair's bridle eye C. with a hook attaching the chair to the riding shackle D. connected to a second shackle on the chair 第三节 MARPOL 1. ______ is not a condition for a ship of 400 tons gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker to discharge

certain amount of oil or oily mixtures into the sea. A. the ship is not within a special area B. the ship is more than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land C. the ship is proceeding en route D. the instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content does not exceed 60 liters per nautical mile 2. ______ is not considered as anti-pollution equipment.

A. Oil discharge monitoring and control system B. Oily-water separating equipment C. Oil filtering system D. Oil loading and discharge system

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3.

A ship that,at any time,operates seaward of the outermost boundary of the territorial sea is required to

prepare,submit,and maintain a(n)______. A. Synthetic plastic discharge plan B. Oil discharge plan C. Shipboard oil pollution emergency plan D. Vapor recovery procedures plan 4. A vessel emitting harmful substances into the air or spilling oil into the sea is a ______.

A. Polluter B. Emitter C. Spiller D. Oiler 5. A vessel in ocean service that does not have an approved means of processing oily bilge slops or oily ballast

must have ______. A.A fixed piping system for ballast discharge to a reception facility B.A discharge outlet for the ballast system on each side of the weather deck C.One portable adapter for a shore connection to the ballast line D.All of the above 6. A vessel to which Annex V to MARPOL 73/78 applies is located in a MARPOL designated special area,14

nautical miles from nearest land.What type of garbage is permitted to be discharged ________. A. Paper products B. Glass ground to less than 1 C. Metal ground to less than 1 D. Food waste 7. According to Annex V to MARPOL 73/78,garbage containing plastic is permitted to be disposed of by

______. A. Incinerating offshore B. Discharging when at least 12 nautical miles from nearest land C. Grinding to less than 1 and discharging at least 12 nautical miles from nearest land D. Grinding to less than 1 and discharging at least 25 nautical miles from nearest land 8. All oil spills must be reported to the ______.

A. MOC B. MSA OF CHINA C. Local police D. Local fire department 9. An oil tanker with dedicated clean ballast tanks shall have adequate tank capacity dedicated solely to the

carriage of ______ as defined.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. clean ballast B. crude oil C. fresh water D. fuel oil 10. Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from ships to which this Annex of MARPOL 73/78 applies shall be ______ except when special conditions are satisfied. A. required B. requested C. promoted D. prohibited 11. Application for a waiver of any requirements of the regulations for oil transfer operations must be submitted to the ______. A. district commander B. commandant C. captain of the port D. nearest MSA office 12. Every ______ shall be fitted with a cargo tank cleaning system using crude oil washing. A. existing crude oil tanker of 20000 tons deadweight and under B. new crude oil tanker of 20000 tons deadweight and under C. existing crude oil tanker of 20000 tons deadweight and above D. new crude oil tanker of 20000 tons deadweight and above 13. Every new crude oil tanker of 20000 tons deadweight and above and every new product carrier of 30000 tons deadweight and above shall be provided with ______. A. segregated ballast tanks B. moulded draught measurement system C. additional ballast water system D. dedicated clean ballast tanks system 14. For the purposes of cargo oil containment,the fixed container under the manifold of an eight-inch loading line must hold a minimum of ______. A. three barrels B. four barrels C. six barrels D. eight barrels 15. Fueling results in the collection of waste oil in drip pans and containers.Which is an approved method of disposing of the waste oil ________. A. Draining it overboard when the vessel gets underway

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B. Placing it in proper disposal facilities C. Adding sinking agents and discharging it into the water D. Mixing it with dispersants before draining it overboard 16. How is the Master or operator of a vessel required to keep the crew informed of the regulations concerning the discharging of garbage overboard ________. A. Give each crewmember a copy of ANNEX V of MARPOL B. Call an all hands meeting before sailing C. Keep placards prominently posted D. Have each person read and sign a copy of the regulations 17. If Annex V to MARPOL 73/78 applies to your vessel,you will not be able to discharge ______ anywhere at sea. A. Plastic B. Metal C. Glass D. Paper 18. In case of a ship of less than 400 tons gross tonnage other than an oil tanker whist outside the ______,the Administration shall ensure that it is equipped as far as practicable and reasonable with installations to ensure the storage of oil residues with the requirements of MARPOL 73/78. A. Special area B. National waters C. The designated zone D. The designated channels 19. In which case is the IOPP Certificate of an inspected vessel NOT invalidated ________. A. The required oily-water separator malfunctions B. The ship is transferred to Liberian registry C. An annual survey is conducted fifteen months after the date of certificate issuance D.A 15 ppm oily-water separator is replaced by a 100 ppm oily-water separator 20. No person on board any vessel to which Annex V to MARPOL 73/78 applies may discharge garbage of any type when ______. A. less than 12 nautical miles from PRC B. less than 12 nautical miles from nearest land C. in the navigable waters of the PRC D. less than 25 nautical miles from nearest land 21. Oil slick caused by spillage of oil from tanker ship is ______. A.A drop of oil B.The emulsion of oil at sea surface

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C.The weathered oil D.The oil floating on the surface of the sea water 22. Providing you are not sailing in the Red Sea or another special area as listed in ANNEX V of MARPOL, how many miles from land must you be to throw garbage including bottles, rags, and glass that has not been ground up into the sea ________. A.3 nm B.6 nm C.12 nm D.25 nm 23. Sufficient cargo tanks shall be ______ prior to each ballast voyage in order that,taking into account the tanker's trading pattern and expected weather conditions,ballast water is put only into cargo tanks which have been crude oil washed. A. Inerted B. Crude oil washed C. Gas freed D. Battened down 24. The dumping of refuse in a lock is permitted ______. A. When approved by the lockmaster B. When locking downbound C. At no time D. During high water only 25. The international body responsible for drafting the convention prohibiting marine pollution (MARPOL) is the ______. A. Maritime Advisory Council B. International Maritime Organization C. International Association of Shipping D. Association of Seafaring Nations 26. The max effluent of the oil content from a ship of 400 tons gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker is ______. A. less than 100 parts per million B. more than 100 parts per million C. at least 100 parts per million D.100 parts per million 27. The officer responsible for the sanitary condition of the engineering department is the ______. A. Master

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B. Chief Mate C. Chief Engineer D. First Assistant 28. The tanker has in operation,except as provided for in Regulation 15(5)and(6)of Annex A of MARPOL 73/78,an oil discharge monitoring and control system and ______ as required. A. An IGS B.A scriber C.A P/V D.A slop tank arrangement 29. The use of sinking and dispersing chemical agents for removal of surface oil is ______. A. The most common method used in all countries B. Too expensive for common use C. Generally safe to sea life D. Authorized only with prior approval of the Governmental On-Scene Coordinator 30. To determine the pressure and temperature limitations under which LFG is required to be transported on a barge,you should look at the ______. A. Certificate of Inspection B. Loading order C. Rules and regulations for tank vessels D. Tankerman's document 31. Vessels to which Annex V to MARPOL 73/78 applies may discharge garbage containing plastics ______. A.5 nautical miles from nearest land B.12 nautical miles from nearest land C.25 nautical miles from nearest land D.None of the above 32. Which is a mandatory section of the shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan ________. A. Reporting requirements B. Removal equipment list C. Planned exercises D. List of individuals required to respond 33. Which is an exception to the garbage discharge requirements in Annex V to MARPOL 73/78 ________. A. The garbage to be discharged will sink B. Garbage accumulation on board has exceeded storage space C.A person falls overboard,and a plastic ice chest is thrown for flotation D.The destination port or terminal cannot receive garbage 34. Which statement is TRUE ________.

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A. You need not keep a record of ground garbage dumped into the sea more than 25 miles offshore B. You must keep a record of garbage discharged in port to a shore facility C. You need not keep a record of garbage incinerated on the ship D. You must keep a record of the approximate weight of the garbage dumped 35. Which substance is NOT considered to be Oil under the pollution prevention regulations ________. A. Petroleum and fuel oil B. Sludge C. Oil mixed with dredge spoil D. Oil refuse and oil mixed with wastes 36. While testing a cargo tank,your oxygen indicator reads 25% oxygen in the tank.You would then ______ . A. Enter the tank safely B. Suspect the accuracy of the reading C. Ventilate the tank D. Test for nitrogen 37. While underway and towing an unmanned tank barge you are required to ______. A. Maintain a strict watch on the barge from the towing vessel B. Fly a red flag from the towing vessel C. Open the tops of all empty tanks on the barge D. Take hourly soundings of any loaded tanks on the barge 38. You are crossing a narrow channel in a 15-meter vessel when you sight a tanker off your port bow coming up the channel.Which statement is TRUE ________. A. Yours is the give-way vessel because it is less than 30 meters long B. You shall not impede the safe passage of the tanker C. The tanker is the stand-on vessel because it is to port of your vessel D. The tanker is the stand-on vessel because it is the larger of the two vessels 39. You are keeping the required garbage disposal records.The amount of garbage disposed must be stated in ______. A. cubic meters B. both cubic meters and cubic feet C. both kilos and pounds D. barrels of 55 gallon capacity 40. You are on a multiple-product chemical tanker and will carry cargoes of isophorone,ethylenediamine,and creosote.Which of the following is TRUE ________. A. All of these cargoes are compatible B. Isophorone is incompatible with ethylenediamine but may be stowed adjacent to creosote

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C. All of these cargoes are incompatible D. Ethylenediamine is compatible with isophorone but both are incompatible with creosote 41. You are on a multiple-product chemical tanker with orders to load diethylamine.What is NOT a requirement for transporting this cargo ________. A. You must have two toxic vapor detectors or the pumproom must meet special requirements B. Each crew member must be provided with an emergency escape breathing apparatus C.A person taking cargo samples must wear protective clothing D.If you are carrying propionic acid also,the venting systems must be segregated 42. You are on a multiple-product chemical tanker.The loading plan includes cargoes of diethylenetriamine and formamide.Which statement concerning the stowage of these cargoes is TRUE ________. A. They must be separated by a void space or empty tank B. The cargoes must have individual venting systems C. The valves in common piping systems must be chained closed and locked D. The minimum segregation required is a single bulkhead 43. Your tanker is designed to carry anhydrous ammonia in bulk.The keel was laid in 1980.Which statement concerning the carriage of this cargo is TRUE ________. A.A flammable gas detection system must be installed in each cargo pump room B.Tanks may not be located on deck C.Carriage of this cargo is authorized by issuance of an IMO Certificate D.Aluminum and copper alloys are prohibited from being in valve parts in contact with the cargo

第七章 航海技术
第一节 锚泊与靠离泊 1. ______ is not a type of IALA maritime buoyage system.

A. special marks B. isolated danger marks C. cardinal marks D. fore and aft marks 2. ______ is prohibited in this area.

A. Anchor B. Anchoring C. Anchored D. Being anchored 3. A head on situation shall be deemed to exist at night when a power-driven vessel sees another power-driven

vessel ahead and ______. A. One sidelight and the masthead light are visible B. The vessels will pass closer than half a mile

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C. Both vessels sound one prolonged blast D. Both sidelights and masthead light(s)are visible 4. A sailing vessel shall not impede the safe passage of a ______.

A. power-driven vessel following a traffic lane B. pilot vessel enroute to a pilot station C. law enforcement vessel D. All of the above 5. A traffic separation zone is that part of a traffic separation scheme which ______.

A. is between the scheme and the nearest land B. contains all the traffic moving in one direction C. is designated as an anchorage area D. separates traffic proceeding in one direction from traffic proceeding in the opposite direction 6. A vessel may enter a traffic separation zone ______.

A. in an emergency B. to engage in fishing within the zone C. to cross the traffic separation scheme D. Any of the above 7. A vessel navigate in areas near the termination of traffic separation schemes shall do ______ with particular

caution. A. it B. that C. this D. so 8. A vessel shall not ______.

A. enter the traffic separation zone in an emergency B. cross a traffic lane C. engage in fishing in the separation zone D. proceed in an inappropriate traffic lane 9. A vessel shall so far as practicable avoid ______ in a traffic separation scheme or in areas near its

terminations. A. sailing B. proceeding C. anchoring D. maneuvering 10. A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall normally join or leave a traffic lane at the ______ of the lane. A. ended

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. terminative C. termination D. side. 11. A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall so far as practicable ______ a traffic separation line or separation zone. A. keep well clear B. keep very far C. keep clear of D. keep clear from 12. A wedge of water building up between the bow and nearer bank which forces the bow out and away describes ______. A. Bank cushion B. Bank suction C. Combined effect D. Bend effect 13. If obliged to cross traffic lanes,a vessel shall do so on a heading as nearly as practicable ______ to the general direction of traffic flow. A. at small angle B. at large angle C. at right angle D. in same direction as 14. In regions where ice conditions prevail in the winter,______. A. the lantern panes of unattended lights may not become covered with ice or snow B. the lantern panes of unattended lights may become covered with ice or snow C. ice or snow is likely caused colored D. the white lights are likely caused to appear colored 15. In the absence of a route leading from seaward,the conventional direction of buoyage generally follows ______. A. an anti-clockwise direction around land masses B.a clockwise direction around land masses C.an anticlockwise direction around sea masses D.a clockwise direction around sea masses 16. Large vessel leaving.Keep clear ______ approach channel. A. Off B. Reach C. From

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D. Of 17. Mariners are reminded that they should proceed in the general direction indicated by the arrows or, if ______ a lane,they should do so as nearly as practicable at right angles to it. A. cross B. crossing C. crossed D. crosses 18. Mariners proceeding across the main routes are ______ to do so at as wide an angle as practicable. A. recommended B. reported C. applied D. complied 19. One of the factors which affects the circulation of ocean currents is ______. A. humidity B. varying densities of water C. vessel traffic D. the jet stream 20. Preferred channel marks are aids to navigation which all following marks other than ______. A. channel junctions B. bifurcations C. fishing traps D. wrecks or obstructions 21. Preferred channel marks are colored with ______. A. black and green bands B. red and green bands C. red and yellow bands D. yellow and green bands 22. Some of these shoals have been disproved and are not charted.Nevertheless mariners should ______ with particular caution in this area. A. go B. proceed C. move D. remove 23. Sometimes a tropical storm moves so slowly that a vessel,if astern of it,can ______ it. A. Cross B. Approach

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C. Proceed near D. Run into 24. Systems of inbound and outbound lanes to promote the safe flow of vessel traffic in certain areas around the world are known as ______. A. merchant vessel reporting systems B. traffic separation schemes C. collision avoidance fairways D. restricted maneuverability channels 25. The court has the power to ______ the time for commencing arbitration proceedings if it is of the opinion that in the circumstances of the case undue hardship would otherwise be caused. A. Pretend B. Extend C. Contend D. Intend 26. The prohibition against displaying lights which may be confused with required navigation lights applies ______. A. from sunset to sunrise and during restricted visibility B. only when other vessels are in the area C. only when operating in a traffic separation scheme D. only when under tow 27. The rule regarding look-outs applies ______. A. in restricted visibility B. between dusk and dawn C. in heavy traffic D. All of the above 28. The rules state that vessels may depart from the requirements of the Rules when ______. A. There are no other vessels around B. Operating in a narrow channel C. The Master enters it in the ship's log D. Necessary to avoid immediate danger 29. The Rules state that vessels may depart from the Rules when ______. A. there are other vessels in the vicinity B. operating in a traffic separation scheme C. engaged in a situation involving more than two vessels D. necessary to avoid immediate danger 30. The term of Landfall means ______.

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A. Land first sighted when vessel approaching from seaward B. Land last sighted when vessel leaving from a port C. In sight of one another when vessel underway D. In sight of an island during a ship on her voyage 31. The VTS has been designed to aid in ______. A. the prevention of collision B. the promotion of the traffic flow C. the complying of port regulation D. the development of navigational technique. 32. There are two classes of vessels which, to the extent necessary to carry out their work, do not have to comply with the rule regarding traffic separation schemes.One of these is a vessel ______. A. engaged in fishing in a traffic lane B. servicing a submarine cable C. towing another D. engaged on pilotage duty 33. Traffic separation schemes established by the International Maritime Organization ______. A. provide routing and scheduling procedures to reduce shipping delays B. provide traffic patterns in congested areas,so that vessels can operate without having a separate lookout C. provide inbound and outbound lanes to promote the safe flow of vessel traffic D. prohibit vessels carrying hazardous cargoes from entering waters that are environmentally sensitive 34. Two vessels are approaching each other near head on.What action should be taken to avoid collision ________. A. The first vessel to sight the other should give way B. The vessel making the slower speed should give way C. Both vessels should alter course to starboard D. Both vessels should alter course to port 35. When attempting an upstream landing while pushing empty barges ahead in a hard onshore wind,the approach is best made ______. A. With bow out,stern in B. With bow in,stern out C. Parallel to the dock,as close in as possible D. Parallel to the dock,as far out as possible 36. When liquid is free to move transversely in a tank,the effect is called ______. A. free communication B. free density C. free surface

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D. negative GM 37. When towing astern,increased catenary will ______. A. increase control of the tow B. prevent the towing vessel from going in irons C. make the towing vessel less maneuverable D. reduce shock stress on the towing hawser 38. When towing in an open seaway,it is important to use a towing line ______. A. made only of wire rope,due to possible weather conditions B. that will have the tow on a crest while your vessel is in a trough C. that will have the tow on a crest while your vessel is on a crest D. with little dip to gain maximum control of the tow 39. When underway and proceeding ahead,as the speed increases,the pivot point tends to ______. A. move aft B. move forward C. move lower D. remain stationary 40. When using the anchor to steady the bow while approaching a dock you must be aware of the fact that ______. A. the vessel will tend to take a large sheer towards the side where the anchor is down B. steering control is ineffective in trying to turn to the side opposite to that of the anchor being used C. the anchor cable must never lead under the hull D. using an offshore anchor decreases the chances of the anchor holding

41. Which effect does speed through the water have on a vessel which is underway in shallow water ________. A.A decrease in the speed results in a decrease in steering response and maneuverability B.An increase in speed results in the stern sucking down lower than the bow C.An increase in speed results in the vessel rising on an even plane D.A decrease in speed results in the vessel sucking down on an even plane 42. Which instrument is used to predict the approach of a low pressure system ________. A. Anemometer B. Fathometer C. Barometer D. Thermometer 43. Which nautical charts are intended for coastwise navigation outside of outlying reefs and shoals ________. A. Approach charts

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B. General charts C. Sailing charts D. Coast charts 44. Which of the following is(are)correct regarding ship handling when in the vicinity of traffic separation schemes ________.① Normally join or leave a traffic lane at the termination of the lane.When joining or leaving from the side you shall do so at as large an angle to the general direction of the traffic flow as practicable; ② A vessel shall, so far as practicable, avoid crossing traffic lanes, but if obliged to do so shall cross as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flow. A.① only B.② only C.Both ① and ② D.Neither ① nor ② 45. Which of the following statements is(are)correct regarding ship handling when in the vicinity of Traffic Separation Schemes ________. ① A vessel shall, so far as practicable, avoid crossing traffic lanes; ② If obliged to cross traffic lanes,shall do so as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flow. A.① only B.② only C.Both ① and ② D.Neither ① nor ② 46. Which statement is TRUE in an overtaking situation ________. A. One vessel is approaching another vessel from more than 20°abaft the beam B. It is the duty of the vessel being overtaken to get out of the way C. Any later change of bearing between the two vessels shall not make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel D. All of the above 47. Which vessel would display a cone,apex downward ________. A.A fishing vessel with outlying gear B.A vessel proceeding under sail and machinery C.A vessel engaged in diving operations D.A vessel being towed 48. You are advised to enter the traffic route at about 1730 hours,because a vessel is scheduled to enter at the time when you intended to enter.What can you understand from this seaspeak ________. A. It's a warning of navigation for my vessel B. It's an advice from Port Control to order my vessel not enter the traffic route of the harbor C. It's an advice to change my estimated time of entering the traffic route D. It's an order from the VTS to indicate my vessel to follow the traffic route

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49. You are approaching a vertical lift bridge.You know the span is fully open when ______. A. Three white lights in a vertical line are lit B.A red light starts to flash at about 60 times a minute C.A yellow light is illuminated on the bridge pier D.There is a range of green lights under the lift span 50. You are approaching another vessel and are not sure whether danger of collision exists.You must assume ______. A. There is a risk of collision B. You are the give-way vessel C. The other vessel is also in doubt D. All of the above are correct 51. You are drifting in a locale where there is no current.As a rule,your vessel will lie ______. A. Bow to the wind B. Beam to the wind C. Stern to the wind D. With the wind on the quarter 52. You are entering an east coast port and see a buoy with a yellow triangle painted on it.This indicates ______. A. you are in the vicinity of the ICW B. the buoy is a special mark C. the buoy is off station D. the buoy designates a sharp turn in the channel 53. You are making tow. A loaded, open-hopper barge with independent tanks has placards, with alternating red and white quadrants, located at each side and end. You inspect the barge and find slight traces of water in the wing voids due to condensation.What ________. A. Refuse to accept the barge until all wing voids are dry B. Accept the barge and when weather conditions permit run with the wing voids open to ventilate the spaces C. Accept the barge and periodically check the wing voids D. Return the barge to the fleet and depart without the barge 54. You are running parallel to the coast and estimate that the current is against you.In plotting a running fix using bearings from the same object on the coast,the greatest safety margin from inshore dangers will result if what speed is used to determine _______. A. Minimum speed estimate B. Maximum speed estimate C. Average speed estimate D.A running fix should not be used under these conditions 55. You are running parallel to the coast and take a running fix using bearings of the same object.If you are

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making less speed than used for the running fix, in relation to the position indicated by the fix, you will be ______. A. Closer to the coast B. Farther from the coast C. On the track line ahead of the fix D. On the track line behind the fix 56. You are sailing south on the Intracoastal Waterway(ICW)when you sight a green can buoy with a yellow square painted on it.Which of the following is TRUE ________. A. You should pass the buoy close aboard on either side B. The buoy marks the end of the ICW in that area C. You should leave the buoy to port D. The yellow square is retroreflective material used to assist in sighting the buoy at night 57. You are steaming in a westerly direction along the Gulf Coast.You see ahead of you a lighted buoy showing a red isophase light.Which action should you take ________. A. Alter course to port and leave the buoy to starboard B. Alter course to starboard and leave the buoy to port C. Alter course and leave the buoy near by on either side D. Alter course and pass the buoy well-off on either side 第五节 海上避碰规则 1. A vessel is approaching from dead ahead.Both of her sidelights are visible and her range lights are in

line.Which of the following could you do first ________. A. Sound one blast of the whistle B. Alter course to starboard C. Construct a radar plot D. Sound the danger signal 2. A vessel is considered to be restricted in her ability to maneuver under the Rules if she is ______.

A. at anchor B. mine-clearing C. engaged in fishing D. engaged in towing 3. A vessel is fishing at anchor on the high seas.Which of the following day signals should she display if she

has gear extending out over 150 meters horizontally from the vessel ________. A.A black ball in the forepart of her vessel B.A black double frustum of a cone C.A basket where best seen D.A black cone point upwards 4. A vessel is in sight of another vessel when ______.

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A. She can be observed by radar B. She can be observed visually from the other vessel C. She can be plotted on radar well enough to determine her heading D. Her fog signal can be heard 5. A vessel may exhibit lights other than those prescribed by the Rules as long as the additional lights ______.

A. do not interfere with the keeping of a proper look-out B. are not the color of either sidelight C. have a lesser range than the prescribed lights D. All of the above 6. A vessel must proceed at a safe speed ______.

A. in restricted visibility B. in congested waters C. during darkness D. at all times 7. A vessel shall,so far as practicable,______ traffic lanes.

A. avoid cross B. avoid to cross C. avoid crossly D. avoid crossing 8. A vessel showing a yellow light over a white light at night is a vessel ______.

A. engaged in piloting B. towing astern C. engaged in fishing D. in distress 9. A vessel sounding a fog signal of one short, one prolonged, and one short blast is indicating that the vessel is

______. A. fishing B. in distress C. at anchor D. not under command 10. A vessel sounds one short blast.This signal indicates the vessel ______. A. intends to alter course to starboard B. intends to pass starboard to starboard C. is altering course to starboard D. intends to pass port to port 11. A vessel towing astern in an operation which severely restricts the towing vessel and her tow in their ability

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to change course shall,when making way,exhibit ______. A. the masthead lights for a towing vessel B. the lights for a vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver C. sidelights,sternlight and towing light D. All of the above 12. A vessel will NOT show sidelights when ______. A. underway but not making way B. making way,not under command C. not under command,not making way D. trolling underway 13. A vessel, which does not normally engage in towing operations, is towing a vessel in distress. She ______. A. need not show the lights for a vessel engaged in towing,if it is impractical to do so B. may show the lights for a vessel not under command C. must show a yellow light above the stern light D. must show the lights for a vessel towing 14. A vessel's Classification Certificate is issued by the ______. A. American Bureau of Shipping B. National Cargo Bureau C. United States Coast Guard D. United States Customs 15. A yellow signal,floating in the air from a parachute,about 300 feet above the water,indicates that a submarine ______. A. will be coming to periscope depth B. will be coming to the surface C. is on the bottom in distress D. is in distress and will try to surface 16. According to the Rules,when should lights be displayed ________. A. During the hours of darkness B. At all times when underway C. From sunset to sunrise and restricted visibility D. Sunrise to sunset 17. Advise ______ your fishing gear. A. you recovery B. you recover C. you recovering D. you recovered

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18. All of the following are practices of good seamanship EXCEPT ______. A. When meeting,altering course to the left to increase sea room B. Maintaining an alert radar watch in reduced visibility C. Showing a flare-up light to attract attention when you are not under command D. Maintaining a proper lookout from sunrise to sunset 19. Any alteration of course and/or speed to avoid collision shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, ______ to another vessel observing visually or by radar. A. Be large enough to be readily apparent B. Be a succession of small alterations C. Be with due regard to the power and speed of the vessel D. Leave sufficient room for the other vessel to take action 20. Approaching an anchorage in fog, you hear one short, one prolonged, and one short blast in that sequence on a ship's whistle.This indicates ______. A.A vessel towed B.A vessel not under command and unable to maneuver C.A vessel anchored giving warning of her position D.A vessel stopped dead in the water 21. As defined in the Rules,a towing light is a yellow light having the same characteristics as a(n)______. A. masthead light B. all-round light C. sidelight D. sternlight 22. At night,a vessel shall indicate that she is restricted in her ability to maneuver by showing in a vertical line two ______. A. red lights B. red lights and two white lights C. red lights with a white light in between D. white lights with a red light in between 23. By night,you sight the lights of a vessel engaged in underwater operations.If an obstruction exists on the port side of the vessel,it will be marked by ______. A.a floodlight B.two red lights in a vertical line C.a single red light D.any visible lights 24. Day-shapes must be displayed ______. A. Between sunset and sunrise

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B. Only between 8 AM and 4 PM C. During daylight hours in any visibility D. During daylight hours in unrestricted visibility only 25. During a period of “whiteout”,you should expect which of the following ________. A. Snowfall or blowing snow B. Lack of ability to estimate distance C. Harsh contrast between sun-illuminated snow cover and the background D. Hazy horizons with extensive mirage effects 26. During the day,a vessel picking up a submarine cable shall carry ______. A. Three shapes,the highest and lowest shall be red balls,and the middle shall be a white diamond B. Two black balls C. Three shapes;the highest and lowest shall be black balls,and the middle shall be a red diamond D. Three shapes;the highest and lowest shall be black balls and the middle shall be a black diamond 27. During the day,a vessel with a tow over 200 meters in length will show ______. A.a black ball B.a diamond shape C.two cones,apexes together D.one cone,apex upward 28. Entering from seaward,triangular-shaped daymarks are used to mark ______. A. the starboard side of the channel B. the centerline of the channel C. an obstruction where the preferred channel is to starboard D. special purpose areas 29. Every vessel shall ______ maintain a proper look-out by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision. A. in fog B. at night C. in narrow fairway D. at all times 30. Every vessel should at all times proceed at a safe speed.Safe speed is defined as that speed where ______. A. You can stop within your visibility range B. You can take proper and effective action to avoid collision C. You are traveling slower than surrounding vessels D. No wake comes from your vessel

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31. Every vessel which is ______ to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, so far as possible, take early and substantial action to keep well clear. A. detected B. decided C. directed D. deceased 32. Every vessel which is directed by these Rules to keep out of the way of another vessel shall,if the circumstances of the case admit,avoid ______. A. Crossing ahead of the other B. Crossing astern of the other C. Passing port to port D. Passing starboard to starboard 33. Five or more short blasts on a vessel's whistle indicates that she is ______. A. In doubt that another vessel is taking sufficient action to avoid a collision B. Altering course to starboard C. Altering course to port D. The stand-on vessel and will maintain course and speed 34. If a vessel of special construction cannot fully comply with the Rules,her degree of compliance shall be determined by ______. A. IMO B. the owners of the vessel C. the government D. the builder 35. If it becomes necessary for a stand-on vessel to take action to avoid collision,she shall NOT,if possible, ______. A. Decrease speed B. Increase speed C. Turn to port for a vessel on her own port side D. Turn to starboard for a vessel on her own port side 36. If necessary to avoid collision or allow more time to ______ the situation,a vessel shall slacken her speed or take all way off by stopping or reversing her means of propulsion. A. access B. process C. profess D. recess 37. If there is any doubt as to the proper operation of a radar,which statement is TRUE ________.

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A. Only a radar expert can determine if the radar is operating B. All radars have indicator lights and alarms to signal improper operation C.A radar range compared to the actual range of a known object can be used to check the operation of the radar D.The radar resolution detector must be energized to check the radar 38. If you are the stand-on vessel in a crossing situation,you may take action to avoid collision by your maneuver alone.When may this action be taken ________. A. At any time you feel it is appropriate B. Only when you have reached extremis C. When you determine that your present course will cross ahead of the other vessel D. When it becomes apparent to you that the give-way vessel is not taking appropriate action 39. If your vessel is the stand-on vessel in a crossing situation ______. A. You must keep your course and speed B. You may change course and speed as the other vessel must keep clear C. The other vessel must keep her course and speed D. Both vessels must keep their course and speed 40. If your vessel is underway in fog and you hear one prolonged and three short blasts,this is a ______. A. vessel not under command B. sailing vessel C. vessel being towed(manned) D. vessel being towed(unmanned) 41. In a crossing situation on open waters,a sailing vessel shall keep out of the way of all the following vessels EXCEPT a vessel ______. A. Not under command B. Restricted in her ability to maneuver C. Engaged in towing D. Fishing 42. In a crossing situation,a stand-on vessel which is forced to take action in order to avoid collision with a vessel on her own port side shall,if possible,avoid ______. A. turning to port B. turning to starboard C. decreasing speed D. increasing speed 43. In complying with the Rules,of what must the mariner take due regard ________. A. Limited backing power of his vessel B. Radar information about nearby vessels C. The occupation of the other vessel,if known

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D. All of the above 44. In dense fog a vessel without operational radar may not be justified ______ at all but should anchor if it is safe and practicable for her to do so. A. to be underway B. on under way condition C. to stop engine D. in being under way 45. In determining a safe speed ______ shall not be among those taken into account. A. the presence of the background light at night B. the state of wind,sea and current C. the number of crew on board D. the draught in relation to the available depth of water 46. In determining if risk of collision exists,if there is any doubt,such risk shall be deemed to ______. A. exist B. exists C. existing D. to be existed 47. In determining safe speed,all of the following must be taken into account EXCEPT the ______. A. maximum horsepower of your vessel B. presence of background lights at night C. draft of your vessel D. maneuverability of your vessel 48. In determining safe speed,the Rules list all of the following as factors which must be taken into account EXCEPT the ______. A. Limitations of radar equipment B. Presence of background lights at night C. Maximum horsepower of your vessel D. Maneuverability of your vessel 49. In order for a stand-on vessel to take action in a situation,she must determine that the other vessel ______. A. Is restricted in her ability to maneuver B. Has sounded the danger signal C. Is not taking appropriate action D. Has not changed course since risk of collision was determined 50. In order for a vessel to be engaged in fishing she must be ______. A. underway B. using gear which extends more than 50 meters outboard

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C. using a seine of some type D. using gear which restricts her maneuverability 51. In restricted visibility a towed vessel must sound a fog signal when it is ______. A. the last vessel in the tow B. the last vessel in the tow and it is carrying a crew C. manned,regardless of its position in the tow D. None of the above are correct 52. In restricted visibility the speed of a vessel without operational radar may be ______ enable effective avoiding action to be taken on sighting another ship. A. too low to B. too high to C. too high for D. too low for 53. In the daytime, you see a large sailing vessel on the beam. You know that she is also propelled by machinery if she shows ______. A.A basket B.A black ball C.A black cone D.Two black cones 54. SAFE SPEED is defined as that speed where ______. A. you can stop within your visibility range B. you can take proper and effective action to avoid collision C. you are traveling slower than surrounding vessels D. no wake comes from your vessel 55. Sailing vessels are stand-on over power-driven vessels except ______. A. In a crossing situation B. In a meeting situation C. When they are the overtaking vessel D. On the inland waters of the PR China 56. She(the vessel)shall if necessary ______ and in any event navigate with extreme caution until danger of collision is over. A. take all her way off B. take her way all off C. take her way off D. take off her all way 57. The duration of a prolonged blast of the whistle is ______.

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A.2 to 4 seconds B.4 to 6 seconds C.6 to 8 seconds D.8 to 10 seconds 58. The effectiveness of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is finally ______. A. Past B. Clear C. Past or clear D. Past and clear 59. The effectiveness of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is ______. A. finally clear and past B. clear and past finally C. past and clear finally D. finally past and clear 60. The look-out must be able ______ full attention to the ______ of a proper look-out. A. to give/keep B. giving/keeping C. giving/keep D. to give/keeping 61. The Navigation Rules state that a vessel shall be operated at a safe speed at all times so that she can be stopped within ______. A. The distance of visibility B.1/2 the distance of visibility C.A distance appropriate to the existing circumstances and conditions D.The distance that it would require for the propeller to go from full ahead to full astern 62. The risk of collision shall be deemed to exist if the compass bearing of an approaching vessel ______. A. did not appreciably change B. does not appreciably change C. do not appreciably change D. not appreciably change 63. The rules require that a stand-on vessel SHALL take action to avoid collision when she determines that ______. A. risk of collision exists B. the other vessel will cross ahead of her C. the other vessel is not taking appropriate action D. collision cannot be avoided by the give-way vessel's maneuver alone

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64. The rules require which factor to be taken into account when determining safe speed ________. A. The construction of the vessel B. The experience of the vessel's crew C. The location of vessels detected by radar D. All of the above 65. The Rules state that a seaplane shall ______. A. not be regarded as a vessel B. in general,keep well clear of all vessels C. proceed at a slower speed than surrounding vessels D. when making way,show the lights for a vessel not under command 66. The Rules state that certain factors are to be taken into account when determining safe speed.One of the factors is the ______. A. radio communications that are available B. maximum speed of your vessel C. temperature D. current 67. The Rules state that certain factors are to be taken into account when determining safe speed.Those factors include ______. A. state of wind,sea,and current,and the proximity of navigational hazards B. maximum attainable speed of your vessel C. temperature D. aids to navigation that are available 68. The Rules state that risk of collision shall be deemed to exist ______. A. Whenever two vessels approach from opposite directions B. If the bearing of an approaching vessel does not appreciably change C. Whenever a vessel crosses ahead of the intended track of another vessel D. If one vessel approaches another so as to be overtaking 69. The term power-driven vessel means ______ in these Rules. A. Any sailing vessel with propelling machinery B. Any vessel propelled by machinery C. Any sailing vessel with or without machinery for propelling D. Any sailing vessel with propelling machinery not in use 70. The term PROLONGED BLAST refers to ______. A.a blast of from five to seven seconds' duration B.a blast of from five to six seconds' duration C.a blast of from four to six seconds' duration

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D.a blast of from six to seven seconds' duration 71. The term restricted visibility,when used in the Rules,refers to ______. A. Situations when you can see vessels on radar that you cannot see visually B. Visibility of less than half a mile C. Any condition where visibility is restricted D. Visibility where you cannot see shore 72. The two vessels underway may collide with ______,if they don't take immediate measures. A. One to another B. One the other C. Each the other D. Each other 73. The type of fog that occurs on clear nights with very light breezes and forms when the earth cools rapidly by radiation is known as ______. A. Radiation fog B. Frontal fog C. Convection fog D. Advection fog 74. Traffic separation schemes may be ______ by the Organization for the purpose of these Rules. A. adopted B. adapted C. adjusted D. admitted 75. Two barges are being pushed ahead by a tugboat.Which statement is TRUE concerning lights on the barges ________. A. Each vessel should show sidelights B. Each vessel should show at least one white light C. The barges should be lighted as separate units D. The barges should be lighted as one vessel 76. Two short blasts of the whistle have all of the following meanings EXCEPT ______. A.I intend to meet you starboard to starboard B.I do not intend to hold course and speed C.I intend to overtake you on your port side D.I intend to alter my course to port 77. Two vessels are in an overtaking situation.Which of the lights on the overtaken vessel will the overtaking vessel see ________. A. Two masthead lights

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B. One masthead light and a sidelight C. Both sidelights D. Stern light only 78. Two vessels meeting in a “head-on” situation are directed by the Rules to ______. A. alter course to starboard and pass port to port B. alter course to port and pass starboard to starboard C. decide on which side the passage will occur by matching whistle signals D. slow to bare steerageway 79. Under what condition are you allowed to depart from the rules of the road ________. A. To avoid immediate danger B. When authorized by the rig superintendent C. To comply with an operator's requirement D. Under no conditions 80. Underway at night,a vessel displaying the lights shown is ______. A. Engaged in fishing B. Mine sweeping C.A pilot boat D.Under sail 81. Vessel engaged in the launching or recovery of aircraft is called ______. A.A vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver B.A vessel not under command C.A vessel constrained by her draught D.A vessel not under way 82. Vessel underway means that a vessel is ______. A. On the way B. At anchor C. Made fast to a terminal D. Moving against water 83. Vessels shall be deemed to be in sight of one another only when one ______ from the other. A. Can be observed visually B. Can be observed by radar C. Can be located on the radar D. Can be heard 84. Vessels should maintain a sharp lookout,especially during December through March,when navigating the right whale's only known calving grounds which lie off the coasts of ______. A. Nova Scotia

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B. Maine and Massachusetts C. Georgia and NE Florida D. California and Mexico 85. What determines if a vessel is restricted in her ability to maneuver ________. A. Whether or not all of the vessel's control equipment is in working order B. The vessel's draft in relation to the available depth of water C. Whether the nature of the vessel's work limits maneuverability required by the Rules D. Whether or not the vessel is the give-way vessel in a meeting situation 86. When a vessel is in any doubt as to whether such a situation exists she shall ______ that it does exist and act accordingly. A. consume B. assume C. perfume D. resume 87. When a vessel navigates in an area with a small underkeel clearance but with adequate space to take avoiding action she ______. A. Should not be regarded as a vessel constrained by her draught B. Should be regarded as a vessel constrained by her draught C. Shall be regarded as a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver D. Should be regarded as a non-displacement vessel 88. When a vessel sees the other ahead or nearly ahead, by night she could see the masthead lights of the other in a line or nearly in a line or both side lights,______ shall be deemed to exist. A. head-on situation B. end-situation C. crossing situation D. close-quarters situation 89. When in sight of another vessel,any action taken to avoid collision must ______. A. be accompanied by sound signals B. not result in another close quarters situation C. include a speed change D. All of the above 90. When making landfall at night,the light from a powerful lighthouse may sometimes be seen before the lantern breaks the horizon.This light is called the ______. A. diffusion B. backscatter C. loom

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D. elevation 91. When one of two vessels ______ is required to keep out of the way the other must keep her course and speed. A. In sight of another B. Sights the another C. Not in sight of the other D. In sight of one another 92. When one upbound vessel is overtaking another vessel and both are pushing a tow ahead,what reaction may you expect ________. A. Both towheads will tend to drift apart,and the overtaking vessel will be slowed down B. Both towheads will tend to drift together,and the overtaking vessel will be slowed down C. Both towheads will tend to drift apart,and the overtaken vessel will be slowed down D. Both towheads will tend to drift together,and the overtaken vessel will be slowed down 93. When shall the stand-on vessel in a crossing situation take action to avoid the other vessel ________. A. When a risk of collision exists B. When action by the give-way vessel alone will not prevent a collision C. When the bearing to give-way vessel becomes steady D. When the vessels become less than 1/2 mile apart 94. When ship at anchor she shall be deemed to be ______. A. Not under-way B. Not under command C. Restricted in her ability to maneuver D.A non-displacement ship 95. When taking action to avoid collision,you should ______. A. Make sure the action is taken in enough time B. Not make any large course changes C. Not make any large speed changes D. All of the above 96. When two vessels are in sight of one another and NOT in or near an area of restricted visibility,any of the following signals may be given EXCEPT ______. A.a light signal of at least five short and rapid flashes B.one prolonged,one short,one prolonged,and one short whistle blasts C.four short whistle blasts D.two short whistle blasts 97. When underway in a channel,you should if safe and practicable ______. A. stay near the middle of the channel B. keep to the starboard side of any vessels you meet

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C. exchange whistle signals with any other vessels in the channel D. keep to the side of the channel which lies to your starboard 98. When underway in a channel,you should keep to the ______. A. Middle of the channel B. Starboard side of the channel C. Port side of the channel D. Side of the channel that has the widest turns 99. When visibility is restricted ______,we can say it is restricted visibility. A. by long distance B. by the darkness at night C. by a vessel in front D. by fog or falling snow 100. When you doubt the existence of risk of collision,______. A. such risk shall be deemed to exist B. such risk shall not be deemed to exist C. you needn't take any action to avoid collision with any vessel D. you should accelerate your speed ahead 101. When your vessel enters thick fog,she should sound ______ every two minutes in accordance with these Rules. A. one short blast B. one prolonged blast C. two short blasts D. three short blasts 102. Which display indicates a vessel conducting mineclearance operations ________. A. Three balls in a vertical line B. Two balls in a vertical line C. One ball near the foremast and one ball at each yardarm D. One diamond near the foremast and one ball at each yardarm 103. Which one of the following rules is not regarding two power-driven vessels meeting end or nearly end on so as to involve risk of collision ________. A. Each shall keep her course and speed B. Each shall alter her course to starboard C. Each shall pass on the portside to the other D. Each shall indicate such action by one short blast on the whistle 104. Which one of two crossing power-driven vessels has the right of way in a fog ________. A. Both vessels

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B. Neither vessel C. The vessel on portside D. The vessel on starboard side 105. Which statement correctly applies to a situation where a sailing vessel is overtaking a power-driven vessel ________. A. The power-driven vessel must keep out of the way of the sailing vessel B.A special circumstance situation exists C.The sailing vessel must keep out of the way of the power- driven vessel D.The vessel which has the other vessel to the right must keep out of the way 106. Which statement is TRUE,according to the Rules ________. A.A vessel not under command shall keep out of the way of a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver B.A vessel not under command shall avoid impeding the safe passage of a vessel constrained by her draft C.A vessel constrained by her draft shall keep out of the way of a vessel engaged in fishing D. A vessel engaged in fishing while underway shall, so far as possible, keep out of the way of a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver 107. Which vessel is NOT classified as “restricted in her ability to maneuver” ________. A.A vessel picking up a navigation mark B.A vessel transferring cargo while underway C.A vessel whose anchor is fouled D.A vessel in a towing operation that restricts the ability of the vessel and her tow to change their course 108. Which vessel is NOT to be regarded as restricted in her ability to maneuver ________. A.A vessel transferring provisions while underway B.A pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed when connected in a composite unit C.A vessel servicing a navigation mark D.A vessel launching aircraft 109. Which vessel is the stand-on vessel when two vessels crossing in fog are NOT in sight of one another ________. A. The vessel which has the other on her own starboard side B. The vessel which has the other on her own port side C. The one which hears the other's fog signal first D. Neither vessel is the stand-on vessel 110. Which vessel,when anchored at night,is NOT required to show anchor lights ________. A.A power-driven vessel B.A vessel engaged on pilotage duty C.A vessel dredging D.A vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver

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111. You are aboard the give-way vessel in a crossing situation.What should you NOT do in obeying the Rules ________. A. Cross ahead of the stand-on vessel B. Make a large course change to starboard C. Slow your vessel D. Back your vessel 112. You are approaching another vessel and are not sure whether danger of collision exists.You must assume ______. A. there is a risk of collision B. you are the give-way vessel C. the other vessel is the give-way vessel D. there is no risk of collision 113. You are approaching another vessel and will pass starboard to starboard without danger if no course changes are made.You should ______. A. hold course and sound a two blast whistle signal B. hold course and sound no whistle signal C. change course to the right and sound one blast D. hold course and sound two prolonged and two short blasts 114. You are Master of a towing vessel engaged in towing three barges astern.The middle barge of the tow would be required to sound which of the following during restricted visibility ________. A. No fog signal B.A prolonged blast at intervals never to exceed more than two minutes C.A prolonged blast followed by two short blasts at intervals never to exceed more than two minutes D.A prolonged blast followed by three short blasts at intervals never to exceed more than one minute 115. You are on a vessel that cannot comply with the spacing requirement for masthead lights. What is required in this situation ________. A. The vessel must carry only the lights that comply with the rules; the others may be omitted B. The vessel's lights must comply as closely as possible,as determined by her government C. The vessel must be altered to permit full compliance with the rules D. An all-round light should be substituted for the after masthead light and the stern light 116. You are under sail and overtaking a tug and tow.Which action is correct ________. A. The power-driven tug must maneuver to avoid collision B. You must maneuver to avoid the tug and tow C. You must maneuver to avoid collision only if the tug is to leeward and the wind is on your port side D. Both vessels are required to maneuver to avoid collision 117. You are underway and approaching a bend in the channel where vessels approaching from the opposite

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direction cannot be seen.You should sound ______. A. one blast,4 to 6 seconds in duration B. three blasts,4 to 6 seconds in duration C. one continuous blast until you are able to see around the bend D. one blast,8 to 10 seconds in duration 118. You are underway in reduced visibility. You hear the fog signal of another vessel about 20°on your starboard bow.Risk of collision may exist.You should ______. A. alter course to starboard to pass around the other vessel B. reduce your speed to bare steerageway C. slow your engines and let the other vessel pass ahead of you D. alter course to port to pass the other vessel on its portside 119. You hear the fog signal of another vessel forward of your beam.Risk of collision may exist.You MUST ______. A. Reduce speed to bare steerageway B. Stop your engines C. Begin a radar plot D. All of the above 120. You see a vessel carrying a black diamond which indicates a ______. A. vessel towing astern B. barge pushed ahead C. vessel towing astern only when the length of her tow exceeds 200 meters D. this signal does not exist in international waters 121. You see a vessel displaying three lights in a vertical line. The highest and lowest lights are red and the middle light is white.She is also showing a white light at the stern,which is lower than the forward light.It could be a ______. A. Survey vessel B. Vessel not under command C. Vessel aground D. Pilot vessel with port side to you 122. You see another vessel approaching,and its compass bearing does not significantly change.This would indicate that ______. A. You are the stand-on vessel B. Risk of collision exists C.A special circumstances situation exists D.The other vessel is dead in the water 123. Your vessel is NOT making way,but is not in any way disabled.Another vessel is approaching you on your

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starboard beam.Which statement is TRUE ________. A. Your vessel is obligated to stay out of the way B. The other vessel must give way,since your vessel is stopped C. You should be showing the lights or shapes for a vessel not under command D. You should be showing the lights or shapes for a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver 124. Your vessel is not underway when ______. A. Her anchor is dragging B. Her anchor is used in docking C. She is dredging her anchor D. Her anchor holds fast while she is swinging 第六节 地文航海 1. ______ is a defined area within which ships must use particular caution and should follow the recommended

direction of traffic flow. A. Recommended Direction of Traffic Flow B. Roundabout C. Separation Zone or Line D. Precautionary Area 2. ______ is a circular traffic lane used at junctions of several routes , within which traffic moves

counterclockwise around a separation point or zone. A. Traffic Lane B. Roundabout C. Inshore Traffic Zone D. Two-way Route 3. ______ is not likely to be a methods of Traffic Separation.

A. Separation of opposing streams of traffic by separation zones or lines B. The separation of through traffic from local traffic by provision of inshore traffic zones C. Division of traffic from several different direction into sectors D. Control of routing traffic through shipping routes 4. ______ means the curve on the earth's surface which cuts all the meridians at the same angle.

A. Great Circle B. Position Line C. Rhumb line D. True Bearing 5. A buoy having red and green horizontal bands would have a light characteristic of ______.

A. Interrupted quick flashing B. Composite group flashing

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C. Morse(A) D. Quick flashing 6. A buoy marking a wreck will show a(n)______.

A. White light FL(2)and a topmark of 2 black spheres B. Occulting green light and may be lettered C. Yellow light and will be numbered D. Continuous quick white light and may be numbered 7. A celestial body will cross the prime vertical circle when the latitude is numerically ______.

A. Greater than the declination and both are of the same name B. Less than the declination and both are of the same name C. Greater than the declination and both are of contrary name D. Less than the declination and both are of contrary name 8. A fairly accurate estimation of a ship's position can be calculated by a technique known as ______.

A. Dead reckoning B. Pilotage C. Great circle sailing D. Geographic navigation 9. A line of position derived by radar range from an identified point on a coast will be a(n)______.

A. Straight line B. Arc C. Parabola D. Line parallel to the coast 10. A position obtained by applying only your vessel's course and speed to a known position is a ______. A. Dead-reckoning position B. Fix C. Probable position D. Running fix 11. A position that is obtained by applying estimated current and wind to your vessel's course and speed is a(n) ______. A. Dead reckoning position B. Estimated position C. Fix D. None of the above 12. A special purpose buoy shall be ______. A. lighted with a white light B. striped black and red

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. lighted with a red light D. yellow 13. An orange and white buoy indicating a vessel-exclusion area will be marked with what symbol ________. A. Open-faced diamond B. Diamond with a cross C. Circle D. Square 14. An orange and white buoy marking an area where operating restrictions are in effect will be marked with which symbol ________. A. Open-faced diamond B. Diamond with a cross C. Circle D. Rectangle 15. At the magnetic equator there is no induced magnetism in the vertical soft iron because ______. A. The lines of force cross the equator on a 0° -180° alignment B. The quadrantal error is 0° C. There is no vertical component of the Earth's magnetic field D. The intercardinal headings have less than 1°error 16. Depiction of TSS's on charts uses ______ as the primary color. A. magenta B. deep red C. bright red D. red 17. Deviation changes with a change in ______. A. Latitude B. Heading C. Longitude D. Sea conditions 18. How would you pass a red buoy in the maritime buoyage system“A” ________. A. keep the buoy on the vessel's starboard side when approaching a port and on the vessel's port side when leaving B. keep the buoy on the vessel's port side when approaching a port and on the vessel's starboard side when leaving C. keep the buoy on the vessel's starboard side when approaching and leaving D. keep the buoy on the vessel's port side when approaching and leaving 19. In very high latitudes,the most practical chart projection is the ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Mercator B. Gnomonic C. Azimuthal D. Lambert conformal 20. On a chart, the characteristic of the light on a lighthouse is shown as flashing white with a red sector. The red sector ______. A. Indicates the limits of the navigable channel B. Indicates a danger area C. Is used to identify the characteristics of the light D. Serves no significant purpose 21. Restricted areas at locks and dams are indicated by ______. A. Flashing red lights upstream and fixed red lights downstream B. Yellow unlighted buoys C. Signs and/or flashing red lights D. Red daymarks upstream and green daymarks downstream 22. The direction a vessel is pointed at any given time is the ______. A. Course B. Track C. Heading D. Course over the ground 23. The direction in which a vessel is steered is the course.The path actually followed is the ______. A. Route B. Track C. Heading D. Course over the ground 24. The Earth has the shape of a(n)______. A. Sphere B. Oblate spheroid C. Spheroid of revolution D. Oblate eggoid 25. The equator is ______. A. the primary great circle of the Earth perpendicular to the axis B. the line to which all celestial observations are reduced C. the line from which a celestial body's altitude is measured D. All of the above 26. The four standard light colors used for lighted aids to navigation are red,green,white,and ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. purple B. orange C. blue D. yellow 27. The luminous range of a light takes into account the ______. A. glare from background lighting B. existing visibility conditions C. elevation of the light D. observer's height of eye 28. The points on the earth's surface where the magnetic dip is 90°are ______. A. Along the magnetic equator B. Connected by the isoclinal line C. The isopors D. The magnetic poles 29. The positions and characteristics of lights and buoys shown within the port area are ______. A. Untrue B. Impossible C. Suspectful D. Unimportant 30. The recording fathometer produces a graphic record of the ______. A. bottom contour only up to depths of 100 fathoms B. depth underneath the keel against a time base C. contour of the bottom against a distance base D. depth of water against a distance base 31. The shortest distance between any two points on earth defines a ______. A. Small circle B. Great circle C. Rhumb line D. Hyperbola 32. The symbol which appears beside a light on a chart reads“Gp Fl R(2)10 sec 160 ft 19M”.Which characteristic does the light possess ________. A. It is visible two nautical miles B. Its distinguishing number is“19M” C. It has a red light D. It flashes once every ten seconds 33. The time required for a lighted aid to complete a full cycle of light changes is listed in the Light List as the

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

______. A. Set B. Frequency C. Period D. Function 34. There is sufficient anchorage for ______ at all time around the No.1 buoy and for smaller vessels around the No.4 buoy. A. Deep laded vessels B. Deeply load vessels C. Deep loading vessels D. Deeply loaded vessels 35. Traffic separation schemes adopted by the IMO are listed in ______. A. NM B. Ship's Routing C. Colreg D. Solas 36. Under the IALA-A Buoyage System,a green spar buoy with a triangular topmark would indicate that the buoy ______. A. Should be left to port when heading out to sea B. May be left close aboard on either side C. Is on the north side of a point of interest D. Is marking the preferred channel 37. What area of the earth cannot be shown on a standard Mercator chart ________. A. Equator B. Areas including both North and South latitudes C. North and South Poles D.A narrow band along the central meridian 38. What defines a great circle ________. A.A curved line drawn on a Mercator Chart B.A course line that inscribes a loxodromic curve C.The shortest distance between any two points on the earth D.The smallest circle that can be drawn on the face of a sphere 39. What describes a flood current ________. A. Horizontal movement of the water toward the land after high tide B. Horizontal movement of the water toward the land after low tide C. Horizontal movement of the water away from the land following high tide

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. Horizontal movement of the water away from the land following low tide 40. What describes an accurate position that is NOT based on any prior position ________. A. Dead-reckoning position B. Estimated position C. Fix D. Running fix 41. What is a lighted safe water mark fitted with to aid in its identification ________. A.A spherical topmark B.Red and white retroreflective material C.A sequential number D.A red and white octagon 42. What is an ebb current ________. A.A current at minimum flow B.A current coming in C.A current going out D.A current at maximum flow 43. What is the major advantage of high altitude observations ________. A. Errors due to unusual parallax are eliminated B. The same body can be used for a fix from observations separated by several minutes C. The declination is the only information needed from the almanac D. The semidiameter correction of the sextant altitude is eliminated 44. When a buoy marks a channel bifurcation,the preferred channel is NOT indicated by ______. A. The shape of an unlighted buoy B. The light color of a lighted buoy C. The color of the topmost band D. Whether the number is odd or even 45. When entering a channel from seaward,the numbers on buoys ______. A. Are the same as their Light List number B. Are marked in 6 inch figures with retroreflective material C. Increase with the even numbers to starboard D. Decrease with the odd numbers to starboard 46. When entering from seaward,a buoy displaying a single-flashing red light would indicate ______. A.A junction with the preferred channel to the left B.A sharp turn in the channel to the right C.The starboard side of the channel D.A wreck to be left on the vessel's port side

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

47. When latitude and longitude are used,these shall be expressed in ______(and decimals of a minute if necessary) ,north or south of the Equator and east or west of Greenwich. A. Fathoms and meters B. Miles and kilometers C. Arc and degrees D. Degrees and minutes 48. When navigating a vessel,you ______. A. Can always rely on a buoy to be on station B. Can always rely on a buoy to show proper light characteristics C. Should assume a wreck buoy is directly over the wreck D. Should never rely on a floating aid to maintain its exact position 49. When using horizontal sextant angles of three objects to fix your position,an indeterminate position will result in which situation ________. A. The objects lie in a straight line B. The vessel is inside of a triangle formed by the objects C. The vessel is outside of a triangle formed by the objects D.A circle will pass through your position and the three objects 50. Which buoy will NOT display white retro reflective material ________. A. Safe water mark B. Isolated danger mark C. Preferred channel mark D. Daymark of no lateral significance 51. Which of the following are data layer categories to be displayed on ECDIS ________. A. ECDIS warnings and messages B. Hydrographic Office data C. Notice to Mariners information D. All of the above 52. Which position includes the effects of wind and current ________. A. Dead reckoning position B. Leeway position C. Estimated position D. Set position 53. Which statement concerning current is TRUE ________. A. Current can be determined by measuring the direction and distance between simultaneous EP and DR positions B. The drift of the current should be averaged out on a one hour basis

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. After the current is determined,it should not be used for further plotting because it is an unknown variable D. The distance between a simultaneous DR position and fix is equal to the drift of the current 54. You determine your vessel's position by taking a range and bearing to a buoy. Your position will be plotted as a(n)______. A. Running fix B. Fix C. Dead-reckoning position D. Estimated position 55. You have been informed that dredging operations may be underway in your vicinity.Which buoy indicates the dredging area ________. A. White buoy with a green top B. White and international orange buoy C. Yellow buoy D. Yellow and black vertically-striped buoy 56. You should plot your dead reckoning position ______. A. From every fix or running fix B. From every estimated position C. Every three minutes in pilotage waters D. Only in pilotage waters 第七节 潮汐 1. ______ is not a type of tide.

A. SEMIDIURNAL B. DIURNAL C. MIXED D. OSCILLATING 2. A wave entering ______ is likely to produce bores.

A. shallow water B. deep water C. river D. tide 3. In which month will the equatorial counter current be strongest ________.

A. January B. April C. August D. October 4. Neap tides occur ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. At the start of spring,when the Sun is nearly over the equator B. Only when the Sun and Moon are on the same sides of the Earth and are nearly in line C. When the Sun and Moon are at approximately 90°to each other,as seen from the Earth D. When the Sun,Moon,and Earth are nearly in line,regardless of alignment order 5. Neap tides occur only ______.

A. at a new or full Moon B. when the Sun,Moon,and Earth are in line C. at approximately 28-day intervals D. when the Moon is at quadrature 6. Neap tides occur when the ______.

A. Moon is in its first quarter and third quarter phases B. Sun and Moon are on opposite sides of the Earth C. Moon's declination is maximum and opposite to that of the Sun D. Sun and Moon are in conjunction 7. Priming of the tides occurs ______.

A. at times of new and full Moon B. when the Earth,Moon,and Sun are lying approximately on the same line C. when the Moon is between first quarter and full and between third quarter and new D. when the Moon is between new and first quarter and between full and third quarter 8. River currents tend to ______.

A. Pick up speed where the channel widens B. Run slower in the center of the channel C. Hug the inside of a bend D. Cause the greatest depth of water to be along the outside of a bend 9. Spring tides are tides that ______.

A. have lows lower than normal and highs higher than normal B. have lows higher than normal and highs lower than normal C. are unpredictable D. occur in the spring of the year 10. Stand of the tide is that time when ______. A. the vertical rise or fall of the tide has stopped B. slack water occurs C. tidal current is at a maximum D. the actual depth of the water equals the charted depth 11. Swell is the rise and fall of the ocean's surface due to ______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Fetch B. Distant winds C. Local storms D. The pull of the moon 12. The Benguela Current flows in a ______. A. SW'ly direction along the NW coast of Africa B. S'ly direction off the East Coast of Australia C. NW'ly direction along the SW coast of Africa D. SW'ly direction along the SE coast of Greenland 13. The Brazil Current flows in which general direction ________. A. Northwesterly B. Southwesterly C. Southerly D. Northerly 14. The distance between the surface of the water and the tidal datum is the ______. A. range of tide B. height of tide C. charted depth D. actual water depth 15. The easiest way to anchor a vessel in a current is to ______. A. Stem the current and make very slow headway when the anchor is dropped B. Stem the current and be falling aft very slowly when the anchor is dropped C. Stem the current and endeavor to make neither headway nor sternway when the anchor is dropped D. Stop all headway through the water and keep the current astern when the anchor is dropped 16. The Humboldt Current flows in which direction ________. A. North B. South C. East D. West 17. The interval of the average elapsed time from the meridian transit of the moon until the next high tide is called the ______. A. harmonic constant B. establishment of the port C. half-tide level D. tide cycle 18. The movement of water away from the shore or downstream is called a(n)______.

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. reversing current B. ebb current C. flood current D. slack current 19. The period at high or low water during which there is no apparent change of level is called ______. A. HEIGHT B. RANGE C. STAND D. FALL 20. The set of the current is the ______. A. speed of the current at a particular time B. maximum speed of the current C. direction from which the current flows D. direction in which the current flows 21. The set of the ocean current is caused by ______. A. density differences of the water B. rotation of the earth C. direction of primary circulation of air D. All of the above 22. The term flood current refers to that time when the water ______. A. is flowing towards the land B. is moving towards the ocean C. level is not changing D. level is rising because of heavy rains 23. The two most effective generating forces of surface ocean currents are ______. A. temperature and salinity differences in the water B. wind and density differences in the water C. water depth and underwater topography D. rotation of the Earth and continental interference 24. The type of current which will have the greatest effect on the course made good for your vessel is ______. A. one flowing in the same direction as your course steered B. one flowing in the opposite direction as your course steered C. one that flows at nearly right angles to your course steered D.a rotary current in which the direction of current flow constantly change 25. The velocity of a rotary tidal current will be decreased when the Moon is ______. A. at apogee

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

B. new C. full D. All of the above 26. The velocity of the current in large coastal harbors is ______. A. predicted in Tidal Current Tables B. unpredictable C. generally constant D. generally too weak to be of concern 27. The velocity of the current in large coastal harbors is ______. A. predicted in Tidal Current Tables B. unpredictable C. generally constant D. generally too weak to be of concern 28. Tide is ______ in direction ENE. A. Getting B. Setting C. Being D. Having 29. Tides are superimposed on nontidal rising and falling water levels,caused by ______. A. freshets B. floods C. river flows D. seismic events 30. When daylight savings time is kept,the time of tide and current calculations must be adjusted.One way of doing this is to ______. A. Add one hour to the times listed under the reference stations B. Subtract one hour from the time differences listed for the subordinate stations C. Apply no correction as the times in the reference stations are adjusted for daylight savings time D. Add 15°to the standard meridian when calculating the time difference 31. When there are small differences between the heights of two successive high tides or two successive low tides,the tides are called ______. A. Diurnal B. Semi-diurnal C. Solar D. Mixed 32. Which current is responsible for the movement of icebergs into the North Atlantic shipping lanes ________ .

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

A. Iceland Current B. Baltic Current C. Labrador Current D. Baffin Current 33. Which current would you encounter on a direct passage from London,England,to Capetown,South Africa ________. A. Falkland Current B. Brazil Current C. Norway Current D. Benguela Current 34. Which current would you encounter on a direct passage from southern Africa to Argentina,South America ________. A. South Atlantic B. South Equatorial C. Agulhas D. Guinea 35. Which statement is TRUE concerning apogean tides ________. A. They occur only at quadrature B. They occur when the Moon is nearest the Earth C. They cause diurnal tides to become mixed D. They have a decreased range from normal 36. Which statement is TRUE concerning equatorial tides ________. A. They occur when the Sun is at minimum declination north or south B. They occur when the Moon is at maximum declination north or south C. The difference in height between consecutive high or low tides is at a minimum D. They are used as the basis for the vulgar establishment of the port 37. You are anchoring in a river where the current is from one direction only.The best way to lay out two anchors is to have them ______. A. Directly in line with the bow B. Side by side,with their lines on the port and starboard side C. So that their lines form an angle D. On top of one another 38. You are docking a vessel.Wind and current are most favorable when they are ______. A. crossing your course in the same direction B. crossing your course in opposite directions C. parallel to the pier from ahead

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

D. setting you on the pier

第八章 船舶货运技术
第一节 装卸货作业 1. ______ is not one of the winch controls.

A.a master controller or switchbox B.a group of relays C.contactors D.a solenoid brake 2. ______ is not usually used in liquid cargo systems.

A. Hydraulic drive systems B. Electric drive systems C. Steam drive systems D. Man-powered drive systems 3. A large basin cut into the shore,closed off by a caisson,and used for drydocking of ships is known as a

______. A. slipway B. graving dock C. ground warp D. caisson dock 4. A large GM would give a vessel which of the following characteristics ________.① More safety in case of

flooding;② Increased racking stresses. A.① only B.② only C.Both ① and ② D.Neither ① nor ② 5. All the damage and shortage,______ those incurred after discharge and before delivery to receivers,should

be noted in the discharging report. A. Including B. Besides C. Except D. In addition to 6. All the holds to be loaded with grain must be swept ______ commencement of loading.

A. Cleanly/during B. Clear/meanwhile C. Clean/between D. Clean/prior to

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

7.

Backstays are ______.

A. Running rigging leading aft from the masts B. Running rigging leading forward from the masts C. Standing rigging leading aft from the masts D. Standing rigging from the cross trees to the mast head 8. Bonding cables are used during cargo transfer to ______.

A. provide safe electrical power connection to barge equipment B. keep the vessel from surging excessively C. prevent an accidental discharge of static electricity D. secure the cargo hose to a hatch when loading overall 9. Cargo handlers should take the following precautions with the exception of ______ to avoid damage from

shifting. A. Keep the loads as close to the rail or deck as possible B. If cargo is likely to settle,make provisions to secure it after it has settled C. Thoroughly secure and shore all cargo so that it cannot move D. hen stowing cargo,avoid leaving empty paces 10. Damage by ______ shall not be considered as handling damage. A. exposure to inclement weather conditions B. carelessness C. the use of improper gear D. moisture caused by condensation 11. Dunnage may be used to protect a cargo from loss or damage by ______. A. Ship's sweat B. Inherent vice C. Tainting D. Hygroscopic absorption 12. For any given pedestal crane,when the boom is lengthened,the lifting capacity is ______. A. unchanged B. increased C. eliminated D. decreased 13. How should you signal the crane operator to hoist ________. A. With forearm vertical and forefinger pointing up,move hand in small horizontal circles B. With arm extended downwards and forefinger pointing down,move hand in small horizontal circles C. Extend arm with fingers closed and thumb pointing upward D. Place both fists in front of body with the thumbs pointing upward

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

14. How should you signal the crane operator to lower the boom and raise the load ________. A. Extend arm and point finger in the direction to move the boom B. Extend arm with thumb pointing downward and flex fingers in and out C. With forearm vertical and forefinger pointing up,move hand in small horizontal circles D. With arm extended downwards and forefinger pointing down,move hand in small horizontal circles 15. How should you signal the crane operator to move slowly ________. A. Use one hand to give any motion signal,and place the other hand motionless in front of the hand giving the motion signa B. Extend arm with the thumb pointing up,and flex the fingers in and out for as long as the load movement is desired C. First tap your elbow with one hand and then proceed to use regular signals D. First tap the top of your head with your fist and then proceed to use regular signals 16. If an attempt is made to hoist a load that exceeds the capacity of an electric winch,an overload safety device causes a circuit breaker to cut off the current to the winch motor ______. A. when the line pull reaches the rated winch capacity B. after the line pull exceeds the rated winch capacity C. after a short build-up of torque D. immediately 17. Most pedestal crane power is provided by ______. A. Electro-hydraulic units B. Steam units C. Independent internal combustion power units D. All of the above 18. Official draft measurements should be ______ by authorized persons,agreed by both parties involved. A. executed B. located C. fixed D. measured 19. On no account ______ to be exceeded. A. is the SWL of the crane B. are the SWL of the crane C. the SWL of the crane is D. the SWL of the crane are 20. Pedestal cranes have limit switches to restrict movement of which function(s)________. A. Hoist upper & lower limits B. Luff travel limits

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天津海运职业学院 航海英语习题集(2009 年 3 月版 2051)

C. Rider block hoist upper & lower limits D. All of the above 21. Regulations concerning the stowage,lashing,and securing of timber deck cargoes aboard general cargo vessels may be found in the ______. A. International Cargo Bureau Regulations B. Load Line Regulations C. Rules and Regulations for Cargo and Miscellaneous Vessels D. Vessel's classification society rules and regulations 22. Running an electric winch at slow speed over a long period of time causes ______. A. the speed to be retarded by the friction brake B.a load to go downward at full speed C.the circuit breaker to turn off D.the resistors to overheat and eventually burn out 23. Stop ______ the derrick at once,the gooseneck is bent. A. T

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