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人教版高中英语必修二unit 2教案


教学内容 一.Words
1. compete vi. (1) 参加比赛 My son is hoping to compete in the London marathon. 我儿子期盼着参加伦敦的马拉松比赛。 (2) 竞争,对抗 We should compete with other countries in trade. 在贸易方面我们应该与其他国家竞争。 【拓展】compete with/against sb. 与某人竞争(比赛) ;compete for 为??而竞争(比赛) compete in 参加??的比赛 【助记】 More than 1,000 competitors took part in the competition to compete for the first prize. 1,000 多名参赛者参加了这项竞赛, 竞 争第一的位置。 competition n. 竞争,角逐;competitor n. 竞争对手

2. admit vi. & vt. 容许;承认;接纳 They have to admit that the water has been polluted. 他们不得不承认水已经收到了污染。 The theatre admits 1000people. 这个剧院可容纳 1000 人。 搭配:admit doing sth. 承认做了某事;be admitted to 被??接收 The thief admitted stealing my handbag. 这个小偷承认偷了我的手提包。 The student is admitted to Beijing University. 这个学生被北大录取了。 【拓展】admit 作“准许进入”讲时,接名词或代词作宾语 Open the window to admit some fresh air. 打开窗户让新鲜的空气进来。 派生词:admission n. ( 学校、会场、俱乐部等)进入许可,加入许可;承认,坦白。 He made an admission that he had made a mistake. 他坦白犯了错误。

3. replace vt. 取代;替换;把??放回原处 (1) replace (=take the place of) sb./sth. 取代某人/某物 replace sth. with / by sth. 用某物替换某物 (2 )in place of sb.=in one's place 代替某人 take one's place=take the place of sb.代替某人

Teachers will never be replaced by computers in the classroom. 课堂上电脑永远不会取代老师。 A new window is in place of the broken one. 那扇破碎的窗户已经换上新的了。 Mr. Wang is ill,so I will take his place today. 王老师病了,所以今天我给他代课。

4. charge n. & vt. (1) n. 主管,掌管,责任 搭配:take charge of 负责,接管;in charge of 主管,掌管;in the charge of = in one’s charge 被掌管,由??负责 He took charge of the company after his father’s death. 父亲去世后,他接管了公司。 My uncle is in charge of the hospital. = The hospital is in the charge of my uncle. 我叔叔掌管这家医院。 (2) n. 要价,收费 搭配:charge for ??的收费;free of charge 免费 What’s the charge for using the hall? 那个大厅的使用费是多少? You can get service free of charge. 你可得到免费的服务。 (3) vt. 收费,要价 搭配:charge sb. for sth. 因某事而向某人收费;charge sb….for sth. 因某事而向某人收??费 How much do you charge for the repairs? 你收多少修理费? They charged me $5 for dinner. 他们收了我 5 美元的餐费。 (4) vt. 控告;起诉;谴责 搭配:charge sb. with sth. (控告)某人某事;charge sb. with doing sth. 控告某人做了某事 He was charged with murder. 他被指控犯有谋杀罪。 He charged me with being irresponsible. 他谴责我不负责任。 辨析:in charge of 与 in the charge of 易混词组 in charge of in the charge of 辨析 “负责,主管” ,表示主动 “由??管理” ,表示被动 一言辨异 Class Five is in the charge of Miss Li; this is to say, Miss Li is in charge of Class Five. 五班由李老师负责,也就是说,李老师负责五班。

5. bargain n. & vi. (1) n. 协议;交易(可数) 搭配:make a bargain with sb. about sth. 与某人就某事达成协议

We made a bargain with the company. 我们与那家公司达成了协议。 (2) n. 便宜货(可数) 搭配:a good/bad bargain 交易合算/不合算;a real bargain 真便宜 The coat is a good bargain at such a low price. 这件外衣售价这么低,实在是便宜。 That second-hand table was a real bargain. 那张二手的桌子非常便宜。 (3) vi. (与某人就某事)讨价还价,讲条件 搭配:bargain with sb. over/about/for sth. 就某物与某人讨价还价。 He bargained with the boss over the pay. 他与老板就工资讨价还价。

6. deserve

v. (不用于进行时态)值得;应得;应受

搭配:deserve to do/doing 值得做??;应该做?? He deserves to be punished. = He deserves punishing. = He deserves punishment. 他应该受到惩罚。 注意: deserve 后面接动名词时, 动名词用主动形式表被动意义, 相当于接动词不定式的被动形式。 类似的词还有 need, want,require 等。 They deserved rewarding. = They deserved to be rewarded. 他们应该受到奖赏。 The TV needs mending. = The TV needs to be mended. 这台电视机需要被修理。

练习(一) 根据汉语填词 1.Her words had a ____________(有魔力)effect on us. 2.The moment he heard the news of the accident,he made a ____________(迅速)decision. 3.She takes ____________ (主管) of the day?to?day running of the business. 4.You ____________(应得) to be happy for all the good things you have done. 5.Small traders cannot ____________(竞争) in the face of cheap foreign imports. 6.Electric lights have ____________ (取代)candles. 7.Mike made a ____________(定期的)visit to his parents. 8.Can I have a ____________ (自愿者) to wash the dishes? 9.The ____________(基本的)theme of these stories never varies. 10.The students will all have a course in ____________ (古代的) history this term.

二.Phrases and Language Points
1. Who could not take part in the ancient Olympic Games? 谁不能参加古代奥运会? take part in 参加,参与 Mr. Black took part in our conversation. 布莱克先生加入了我们的交谈。
1 【拓展】○ take part 后不接宾语时,不用介词 in。

All those who wants to take part, please raise your hands. 明天将有一次郊游,所有想参加的人请举手。
2 ○ part 前有形容词修饰时,必须加不定冠词。

Women are now taking an active part in social activities. 妇女现在正积极参加社会活动。 辨析:join,join in,join sb. in (doing ) sth.与 take part in/attend (1) join“参加” ,指加入党派、社会团体、军队等,并成为其中一员。 (2) join in 表示“参加某种活动” ,in 既可为介词,也可为副词。 (3) join sb. in (doing) sth. 表示“参加某人所从事的活动” 。 (4) take part in 指参加群众性的活动、会议并在其中起作用。 (5) attend 是正式用语,指参加会议、婚礼、典礼,听报告、讲座等。一般指成为观众或听众。 He joined the Party in 1980. 他在 1980 年入党。 They danced until a lot of us joined in. 他们一直跳舞,直到我们中许多人都加入了进去。 All the family join me in wishing you a happy future. 我们全家人都祝你有一个幸福的未来。 I suggest those taking part in the competition be praised. 我建议表扬那些参加比赛的人。 The meeting was attended by share holders. 股东们出席了会议。

2. What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? 奥运旗上的五环代表什么? stand for (1) 代表;象征; (指缩写或符号)是??意思 The letters USA stand for the United States of America. 字母 USA 代表“美利坚合众国” 。 The olive branch stands for peace. 橄榄枝象征着和平。 VOA stands for the Voice of America. VOA 的意义是“美国之音” 。
1 注意:○ stand for 作句子谓语时,一定要找准主语:如果是字母做主语,不论多少个字母,stand for 用单数形式;如

果字母作同位语,stand for 的单复数根据主语的单复数而定。

2 ○ stand for 作“代表”讲时不用于进行时,也不用于被动语态,具有相同用法的还有 belong to。

(2) 容忍,忍受(用于否定句中) I’m not standing for it any longer. 这种事我再也不能容忍了。 (3) 支持,主张 Which principle do you stand for? 你支持哪个原则? We stand for equality among all nations, big or small. 我们主张大小国家一律平等。

3. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 我生活在你们所 说的“古希腊”。我曾经写过很久以前奥林匹克运动会的情况。 used to do/be 表示“过去常常做某事”或“过去处于某种状态” 。used to 构成否定句和疑问句时,可借用助动词 did 或 直接将 used 作助动词使用。 否定式:usedn’t to = didn’t use to;疑问式:Used +主语+to…? = Did +主语+use to…? I usedn’t /didn’t use to come. 我过去不常来。 Did you use to be a teacher? = Used you to be a teacher? 你过去是老师吗? He used to go there, didn’t/ usedn’t he? 他过去常去那,不是吗? 辨析:used to do, be/get used to doing 与 be used to do 易混词组 used to do 辨析 意为“过去常常做??” 例句 I used to live in the countryside with my grandmother. 我曾 经和祖母在农村居住过。 be/get used to doing be used to do 意为“习惯于做??” 为介词 ,to 意为“被用来做??” I’m still not used to getting up early. 我仍然不习惯早起。 Wood can be used to make paper. 木头可以用来造纸。

4. For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well. 每届奥运会都有一个特殊的村庄(奥运村)供参赛的人住,一个主要的接待大楼,好几个供 比赛用的体育场,还有一个室内体育馆。 as well 也;又;还 Air is necessary for people. It is necessary for plants as well. 对人而言,空气是必不可少的,对植物来说也一样。 Are they coming as well? 他们也来吗? 辨析:as well, also, too 与 either

易混词 (组) as well also too either 辨析:as well 与 as well as

辨析 用于肯定句,只用于句末,前面一般不用逗号 用于肯定句中,放在句中 用于肯定句,通常用在句末,前面有逗号 多用于否定句句末

例句 He plays the piano as well. 他也弹钢琴。 He also plays the piano. 他也弹钢琴。 He plays the piano, too. 他也弹钢琴。 He doesn’t play the piano either. 他也不弹钢琴。

as well 副词短语,一般放在肯定句句末。 He knows Russian as well. 他也懂俄语。 as well as 连词词组,可连接两个并列成分。 We shall travel by night as well as by day. 我们白天和黑夜都要行进。
1 【拓展】○ as well as 连接两个主语时,句子谓语动词的形式应根据前一个主语来确定,因为重在强调前一部分

The teacher as well as some students was interested in the question. 不仅是一些学生,而且这位老师也对这个问题感兴趣。 = Not only some students but also the teacher was interested in the question.
2 ○ as well as 后接动词时,动词要用-ing 形式

She sings as well as playing the piano. 她不但弹钢琴,还唱歌。
3 ○ 三个事物并列时,用“A as well as B and C”结构

He speaks Spanish as well as French and English. 他不但会讲法语和英语,还会讲西班牙语。
4 ○ as well as 亦用于同级比较,表示“与??一样好” 。

You have done the work as well as he. 你的工作做得和他做得一样好。
5 ○ may/might as well do sth. 做某事倒也无妨;还是做??吧(用于表示委婉的建议,一般针对当时的情况提出另外的

建议) If no one else wants it, we might as well give it to the child.. 如果没有人想要这个,我们不妨给这个孩子吧。

5. When she stops to pick it up, you will be able to run past her and win. 当她停下来去捡它时,你就能超过她并获胜。 pick up (1) 捡起 He picked up his hat and went away. 他拾起帽子,走了。 (2) (偶然地,无意地)获得 She picked up a lot of information. 她偶然得到很多信息。 (3) 学会 She picked up French when she was in Paris. 在巴黎时,她学会了法语。

(4) (用车)去接 It’s not safe for travelers to stand at the roadside hoping to be picked up by passing motorists. 旅客站在路旁希望过路车捎带 是不安全的。 (5) 恢复(健康、精神) ;好转 Business will pick up before summer. 夏天来到之前,生意将会好转。 (6) 接收 I picked up Radio Beijing last night. 昨晚我收听到了北京广播电台。 【拓展】pick out 挑出;辨认出 At once I picked out my elder brother in the crowd. 我立即在人群中认出我哥哥来。

6. He threw the golden apples one after another. 他一个接一个地扔出了金苹果。 one after another 一个一个地;依次地 Strange things happened one after another. 奇怪的事情接连发生。 We have made one new achievement after another. 我们已取得了一个又一个的新成就。 【拓展】one by one 一个一个地;one another 相互,彼此 辨析:one after another 与 one by one one after another 一个接一个地(强调连续性) The guests came one after another. 客人们一个接一个地来了。 one by one 一个一个地(强调一次一个) Do these exercises one by one. 一道一道地做这些练习题。

7. There are two main sets of Games—the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. 运动会主要有两种:冬季奥运会和夏季奥运会。这两种运动会都是每四年举行一次。 on a regular basis 有规律地;定期地 I do exercise in the open air on a regular basis. 我定期地在户外进行锻炼。 regular adj. & n. regularly adv.定期地

(1) adj. 规则的;定期的;常规的 You’d better take regular exercise. 你最好定期做运动。 (2) adj. 通常的;平常的 This is her regular route to her school. 这是她平常上学常走的路线。 (3) n. 常客;主力队员

The old lady is one of our regulars. 那位老太太是我们的一位老主顾。 basis n. (复数 bases) (1) 基础,根据,基点 The basis of a good marriage is trust. 美满婚姻的基础是信任。 (2) 基准;准则 on a part-time basis 以兼职方式 搭配:on the basis of 以??为基础;根据 ;be based on 以??为基础 辨析:basis 与 base basis 用来指非物质方面的基础 base 主要用于指物质方面的基础 the economic basis 经济基础 the base of the building 建筑物的基础 basic adj. 基础的;基本的

8. That’s why they’re called the Winter Olympics. 那就是它们被称为冬季奥运会的原因。 本句是由 why 引导的表语从句 That’s why I want you to work here. 那就是我要你在这儿工作的原因。
1 【拓展】○ because 引导表语从句时表示事情的原因,而 why 表示结果。

Jack didn’t attend school yesterday. That was because he was ill. 昨天杰克没有上学。那是因为他病了。 Jack was ill yesterday. That was why he didn’t attend school. 杰克昨天病了。那就是他没来上学的原因。
2 ○ 当主语时 reason 时,表语从句只能用 that 引导。

The reason for her coming late was that the traffic was too heavy. 她迟到的原因是交通太拥挤。

9. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports. 跑 步、游泳、划船和所有团体项目是在夏季奥运会上进行的。 It is/was…that… 强调句型 (1) 强调句型的基本结构 It is/was +被强调部分+who/that+句子的其他成分 It was in the street that I met one of my old friends yesterday. 我昨天是在大街上遇到一个老朋友的。 (2) 强调句的一般疑问句 Is/ Was it +被强调部分+who/that+句子的其他成分? Was it yesterday afternoon that you met him in the street? 是昨天下午你在大街上遇到他的吗?

(3) 强调句的特殊疑问句 What/When/Where/Who is/was it + who/that +句子的其他成分? Who was it that you met in the street yesterday afternoon? 你昨天下午在大街上遇到的是谁?
1 【拓展】○ 如果 that/who 后面的动词用的是现在或将来范畴的时态,则前面用 is,若是过去范畴的时态则用 was。 2 ○ 被强调的一般式主语、宾语和各种状语,包括主语从句、宾语从句和状语从句。 3 ○ 主语是人时,对主语进行强调可以用 who 或 that,强调其他成分一律用 that。 4 ○ 强调主语时,从句中动词的人称和数要与被强调的主语一致。 5 ○ 强调“not…until…”结构中的 until 引出的短语或从句时,结构为:It is/was not until…that+其余部分。

It was because he was ill that he didn’t come to our party. 他是因为病了才没来参加我们的排队。 It is I who am wrong. 是我错了。 It was not until 1920 that regular radio broadcast began. 直到 1992 年才有了正规的无线电广播。

10. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women!别的国家不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能参加! nor/neither +助动词/be 动词/情态动词+主语 表示“另一者也是如此” John can’t ride a bicycle, neither/nor can I. 约翰不会骑自行车,我也不会。 【拓展】(1) so+助动词/be 动词/情态动词+主语,意为“??也是如此” ,表示某人或某物也有前面说过的情况。 He has finished his homework, so have I. 他完成了他的家庭作业,我也完成了。 (2) so+主语+助动词/be 动词/情态动词,意为“??的确如此” 。 —It is cold today. 今天很冷。—Yes, so it is. 是的,的确如此。 (3) so it is /was with sb. 或 It is /was the same with sb. 意为“??也是” ,表示比较复杂的情况。如前句的谓语动词肯定、 否定同时存在,或谓语动词不属于一类时。 He is a worker and he works hard, so it is with John. 他是个工人,工作非常努力。约翰也是如此。

11. There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympic as to win Olympic medals. 国与国之间争取奥运会承 办权的竞争就跟争夺奥运奖牌一样激烈。 as much +不可数名词+as 和??(程度上)是一样的 It is as much your responsibility as mine. 这件事你和我一样都有责任。 【拓展】 (1) as much +不可数名词/a(n) +可数名词单数+as… 和??(程度上)是一样的

It is generally believed that teaching is as much an art as a science. 一般认为,教学既是一门艺术,也是一门科学。 (2) 否定式:not as/so much…as 与其说是??不如说是?? He is not as much an actor as a TV host. 与其说他是演员,不如说他是电视节目主持人。

练习(二) I. 短语回顾 1.take ____________ ____________参加;参与 2.stand ____________ 代表;象征;表示 3.____________ well 也;又;还 4.____________ charge 主管;看管 5.one ____________ ____________ 陆续地;一个接一个地 II. 单项选择 1. Our headmaster will_______ us in the discussion this afternoon. A. take part in B. join in C. join D. attend

2. The students competed ____ the honor of winning ____ each other _____ the school sports meet. A. for, against, in B. in, with, against C. against, for, at D. about, in, with

3. Don’t worry. I’ll help to _____ the guests. A. hold B. wait C. accept D. host

4. Her mother _______ having read the letter. A. thought B. considered C. admitted D. advised

5. It was lucky for him to be admitted ____ the dream university he had longed for. A. as B. to C. with D. for

6. I went to see a film _____________ last year. A. every three weeks B. every third weeks C. each three weeks D. each three weeks

7. I bought a dress for only 10 dollars in a sale; it was a real________. A. exchange B. bargain C. trade D. business

8. The father as well as his three children ____ skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going

9. The restaurant is _________my uncle. A. in charge of B. in the charge of C. in exchange for D. by the means of

10. When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above _____. A. average B. ordinary C. regular D. normal

三.Grammar
一般将来时的被动语态 语态是表示主语和动词之间的主动关系或被动关系的动词形式。英语动词有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。主动语 态表示主语是动作的执行者(施动者) ,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者(受动者) 。本单元的语法是一般将来时态 的被动语态,现就其用法归纳如下: (一). 一般将来时态的被动语态的基本结构的构成: 1. 一般将来时态的被动语态的肯定式为:shall / will + be + done。(shall 用于第一人称;will 用于各种人称) We shall be punished if we break the rule. 如果我们违反规定,我们将要受到惩罚。 The new film will be shown next Thursday. 这部新电影将在下周四上映。 2. 一般将来时态的被动语态的否定式为:shall / will + not + be + done。 (可缩写成 shan’t 或 won’t) The meeting won’t be held tomorrow. 明天不再举行会议。 The exhibition won’t be put off till next week. 展览会将不会推迟到下周。 3. 一般将来时态的被动语态的一般疑问句需将 shall / will 提到主语的前面。 (回答用 yes 或 no) Won’t water be turned into ice, it is below freezing? 如果气温在冰点之下,水难道不会变成冰吗? —Will the work be finished at once? 这项工作会立刻被完成吗? —Yes, it will. 是的,立刻就完成。 4. 一般将来时态的被动语态的特殊疑问句为:疑问词 + shall / will + S + be + done。 When will these books be published? 这些书将在什么时候被出版? Whom will this book be written by? 谁来写这本书? (二). 一般将来时态的被动语态的其他结构构成: 1. be going to be done Some old buildings are going to be put down. 一些旧的楼房将被推倒。 The problem isn’t going to be discussed at the meeting tomorrow. 这个问题将不在明天会议上被讨论。 —Are these trees going to be cut down? 这些树将被砍倒吗? —Yes, they are. 是的,将被砍倒。 2. be to be done

The sports meet is to be held on April 10. 运动会将于四月十日举行。 The machines are not to be repaired tonight. 今晚将不会修理这些机器。 —Are new textbooks to be published next week? 新教科书将在下周出版吗? —No, they aren’t. 不,不是。 (三). 一般将来时态的被动语态的用法: 1. 一般将来时态的被动语态同它的主动语态一样,强调表示根据计划或安排将要发生的被动性动作。 The new film will be shown next Thursday. 这部新电影将在下周四上映。 A lot of athletes will be invited to Beijing. 好多运动员将被邀请到北京来。 2. 在时间、条件状语从句中,常用一般现在时的被动语态代替一般将来时的被动语态。 When the dam is completed, the Changjiang River will be controlled. 当大坝竣工时,长江将得到控制。 If I am given enough time, I will go to Japan for my holiday. 如果我有足够的时间,我将去日本度假。 3. 表示有固定性条件就有规律性被动结果。如: Heated to 100?c, water will be turned into steam. 加热到 100 度时,水将会变成蒸气。 If you speak in class, you will be punished. 如果你在课堂上讲话,你将会被惩罚。

练习(三) I. 单项选择 1. The Chinese food _________ to be the healthiest in the world. A. considers B. is considering C. is considered D. has considered

2. John _______, for he went swimming yesterday without permission. A. would punished B. had punished C. punished D. was punished

3. The work _________ soon. A. will be finished B. has been finished C. will finish D. finishes

4. All those old buildings __________ down tomorrow. A. will be knocked B. will knock C. will have knocked D. knock

5. The mistakes in the exercises will __________ the teacher. A. cross B. be crossing C. be crossed by D. cross by

6. It is said that a new robot _______by him in a few days. A. designed B. has been designed C. will be designed D. will have been designed

7. I ________ if I finish the work within one day.

A. shall be praised

B. would praise

C. will praise

D. praise

8. Hundreds of jobs _________ if the factory closes. A. lose B. will be lost C. are lost D. will lose

9. The water will be further polluted unless some measures ____. A. will be taken B. are taken C. were taken D. had been taken

10. These films _______ until tomorrow morning. A. can't develop II. 翻译句子 1. 这项工作很快就完成了。 _____ _______________________________________ 2. 这部新电影将在下周四上映。 ____________________________________________ 3. 如果我们违反规定,我们将要受到惩罚。 ____________________________________________ 4. 这条裙子太漂亮了! 会有很多女孩儿喜欢的! ____________________________________________ 5. 这个问题将在明天的会议上被讨论。 ____________________________________________ B. aren't developing C. won't be developed D. won't develop

四.单元练习
I. 选择短语填空 take part in; stand for; as well; in charge; one after another; for the honor of; every four years; make a bargain; deserve to do sth.; volunteer; be admitted to; compete for; be replaced with 1. I am sure that he will ______________ Beijing university this summer. 2. More than 1,000 competitors took part in the competition to __________ the first prize. 3. Every four years, many athletes from different countries _____________the Olympic Games. 4. Every one in our class is fighting _____________________ our class in the competition. 5. I'm coming to London and my sister's coming ______________. 6. The American flag ____________ freedom and justice.

7. John was late again. He ______________ be punished. 8. The monitor will be _______ when the head teacher is away. 9. She ________________ with the bookseller over the price. 10. After the class, the students left ___________________. II. 单项选择 1. The young tennis player has often _____ against famous players, but so far he has always failed. A. beat B. raced C. competed D. fought

2. The computer design problem ______ this afternoon. A. will discuss C. is going to discuss B. is going to be discussed D. has been discussing

3. She is an honest girl who freely ______ that what she said was wrong. A. admits B. permits C. promises D. agrees

4. —The boys are not doing a good job at all, actually. —_____. A. I think not so. C. I don't guess so. B. I am not afraid so. D. I guess not.

5. You should know that these cars are worn-out and must be ______. A. took place B. replaced C. placed D. in place of

6. I'm coming to London and my sister's coming _______. A. as well as B. also C. as well D. as good

7. Do you agree that the American flag _____ freedom and justice? A. stands for B. stands out C. stands up D. stands by

8. —I am afraid Mary is too young to go to Shanghai by herself. —Don't worry about her. She ____ by her friends as soon as she arrives. A. has been met B. will meet C. is met D. will be met

9. The doctor who had ____ to settled down in the poor village became the chief fable of the villagers. A. offered B. imagined C. dreamed D. volunteered

10. My grandmother used to come here every Saturday evening as _____ as clockwork. A. regular B. normal C. popular D. possible

11. We can't do work normally, so the machine is ____ by others tomorrow.

A. repaired

B. to be repair

C. to be repaired

D. be repaired

12. He would _____ you double its value if he thought you'd pay. A. ask B. charge C. order D. change

13. Our position is _____; we'll never get out alive. A. hopeful B. disappointed C. hopeless D. depressing

14. He was angry with himself for having made such a _____ mistake. A. foolish B. wise C. reasonable D. crazy

15. We were surprised that he _____ the composition contest and won a prize. A. joined III. 完形填空 The United States is a very young country compared to China. However, native Americans _1_ very much like Chinese or Mongolians and are called American Indians. No one knows _2_ how long ago it was when the first persons came form China, _3_ the first Europeans came only four hundred years ago. Most of the first European immigrants(移民) came form _4_ . They named some of their first cities_5_ their homeland. There is a city called York in England so they _6_ an American city and a state New York. _7_ is an island named Jersey so they named a state New Jersey. _8_ English names in America are New Hampshire and Pennsylvania, named after a _9_ Englishman named William Penn. All of the early _10_ together were called New England and they have that name today. Other Europeans soon_11_ the English immigrants. There were Germans and Dutch from northern Europe and Italians and Spanish from _12_ Europe. The French settled more in the north Canada. Since England is really four countries in _13_, there were four types of people _14_ came. There were English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Some of these _15_ settled in Canada. This _16_ of many people together became_17_ as a melting pot(熔炉). The pot is where cooks make soup and when soup is _18_, all the foods become melted together. A country known as a melting pot is more _19_ than one which has had a long history with _20_ immigrants. 1. A. appear 2. A. clearly 3. A. But 4. A. France 5. A. in 6. A. thought B. look B. sharply B. And B. Italy B. as B. named C. sound C. possibly C. So C. Germany C. after C. made D. feel D. exactly D. As D. England D. before D. considered B. took part in C. attended D. went to

7. A. There 8. A. Some 9. A. common 10. A. village 11. A. followed 12. A. northern 13. A. it 14. A. / 15. A. still 16. A. mixing 17. A. known 18. A. drunk 19. A. necessary 20. A. a few

B. It B. Other B. strange B. cities B. found B. southern B. that B. whatever B. also B. fixing B. strong B. warmed B. important B. some

C. That C. Many C. rich C. states C. heard of C. western C. one C. whichever C. already C. thinking C. heavy C. heated C. valuable C. few

D. What D. Any D. famous D. countries D. ran after D. eastern D. all D. who D. only D. discovering D. the same D. made D. different D. several

五.课后作业
I. 单项选择 1. I consider _______a man’s worth lies in _____he has done for the people. A. that; what B. what; that C. that; that D. what; what

2. You can use a large plastic bottle, ____out off, as a pot to grow young plants in. A. the top is B. the top of which C. whose top D. with its top

3. They only got married recently and they haven’t got______ A. many furniture B. many furnitures C. much furniture D. much furnitures

4. We are considering ______ to Spain for our holidays. A. to go B. going C. went D. gone

5. There is ____doubt whether he did so or not. A. no B. not much C. great D. many

6. There _______any meeting tomorrow. A. is not going to have B. will not be going to be C. is not going to be D. won’t be going to have

7. A pay rise is ______ to us by the company. A. to be given B. be given C. be give D. gave

8. What do you think will_______ next? A. be happened B. happen C. be happening D. to happen

9. Don’t leave for Beijing until _____to do so. A. you’ll be told B. being told C. telling D. you’re told

10. My father promised_______. A. me a bike B. a bike for me C. a bike to me D. A and C

11. This change of state is a _______ change and not a chemical change. A. body B. physical C. mind D. mental

12. A hanta_________ him and they lived happily. A. married with B. married to C. married D. gets married

13. It is said that he will be sent abroad for _______study. A. far B. farther C. further D. farthest

14. Mum is coming, what present do you expect ______for your birthday? A. has she got B. she has got C. did she got D. she did get

15. A large ____will be offered to whoever finds the missing vase. A. prize B. medal C. reward D. awards

16. They are both in _______with each other for the gold medal. A. games B. matches C. competition D. contest

17. Most of the work has been finished, the rest _______next work. A. was to be done B. will do C. is to be done D. are done

18. I know my English cannot compete ______his. A. in II. 句型转换 1. They came here every two days. They came here _______________ _____________day. 2. Are you going to take part in our discussion? Are you going to ___________ ______ ______ the discussion? 3. We haven’t decided when and where to build the new factory. B. for C. against D. by

When and where to build the new factory __________ __________ decided yet. 4. I made a promise that I would give him a hand in study. I ____________ to ___________him in study. 5. China will host the 29th Olympic Games in 2008. The 29th Olympic Games ____________ _______ ______ in China in 2008. III. 阅读理解 Perhaps the most wonderful building put up in the 19th century was the Crystal Palace(水晶宫)which was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Crystal Palace was different from all the other buildings in the world, for it was made of iron and glass. It was one of the biggest buildings of all the time and a lot of people from many countries came to see it. Plenty of goods were sent to the exhibition from all parts of the world. There was also a great deal of machinery on show. Though in those days, traveling was not as easy as it is today, steamboats carried thousands of visitors across the Channel from Europe. On arriving in England, they were taken to the Crystal Palace by train. There were six million visitors in all, and the money from the exhibition was used to build museums and colleges. Later, the Crystal Palace was moved to the South London. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world until it was burnt down in 1936. 1. The Crystal Palace was built up_________. A. in the 1950s B. in the 1990s C. shortly before 1851 D. before 1851

2. People from many countries came to the Crystal Palace mainly to______. A. buy goods B. visit an exhibition C. travel D. enjoy the Crystal Palace itself

3. What happened to the Crystal Palace in 1936? A. It caught a terrible fire. B. It disappeared suddenly. C. It was moved away to the south of London D. It was rebuilt. 4. The writer__________. A. thought the Crystal Palace very useful B. sang high praise for the Crystal Palace. C. wanted the Crystal Palace to be rebuilt D. was one of the visitors who had visited the Crystal Palace. 5. The Crystal Palace was famous to all because__________. A. it was the biggest building in the world then.

B. it was made of iron and glass. C. so many visitors had been there. D. it was burnt down at last.

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