当前位置:首页 >> 电力/水利 >>

IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems


IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

IEEE Power and Energy Society

Sponsored by the Transmission and Distribution Committee

IEEE 3 Park Avenue New York, NY 10016-5997 USA

IEEE Std 519?-2014
(Revision of IEEE Std 519-1992)

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519?-2014
(Revision of IEEE Std 519-1992)

IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

Sponsor

Transmission and Distribution Committee
of the

IEEE Power and Energy Society
Approved 27 March 2014

IEEE-SA Standards Board

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Abstract: Goals for the design of electrical systems that include both linear and nonlinear loads are established in this recommended practice. The voltage and current waveforms that may exist throughout the system are described, and waveform distortion goals for the system designer are established. The interface between sources and loads is described as the point of common coupling and observance of the design goals will reduce interference between electrical equipment. This recommended practice addresses steady-state limitations. Transient conditions exceeding these limitations may be encountered. This document sets the quality of power that is to be provided at the point of common coupling. This document does not cover the effects of radiofrequency interference; however, guidance is offered for wired telephone systems. Keywords: harmonics, IEEE 519?, power quality
?

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5997, USA Copyright ? 2014 by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Published 11 June 2014. Printed in the United States of America. IEEE is a registered trademark in the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, owned by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated. PDF: Print: ISBN 978-0-7381-9005-1 ISBN 978-0-7381-9006-8 STD98587 STDPD98587

IEEE prohibits discrimination, harassment, and bullying. For more information, visit http://www.ieee.org/web/aboutus/whatis/policies/p9-26.html. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Important Notices and Disclaimers Concerning IEEE Standards Documents
IEEE documents are made available for use subject to important notices and legal disclaimers. These notices and disclaimers, or a reference to this page, appear in all standards and may be found under the heading “Important Notice” or “Important Notices and Disclaimers Concerning IEEE Standards Documents.”

Notice and Disclaimer of Liability Concerning the Use of IEEE Standards Documents
IEEE Standards documents (standards, recommended practices, and guides), both full-use and trial-use, are developed within IEEE Societies and the Standards Coordinating Committees of the IEEE Standards Association (“IEEE-SA”) Standards Board. IEEE (“the Institute”) develops its standards through a consensus development process, approved by the American National Standards Institute (“ANSI”), which brings together volunteers representing varied viewpoints and interests to achieve the final product. Volunteers are not necessarily members of the Institute and participate without compensation from IEEE. While IEEE administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in the consensus development process, IEEE does not independently evaluate, test, or verify the accuracy of any of the information or the soundness of any judgments contained in its standards. IEEE does not warrant or represent the accuracy or content of the material contained in its standards, and expressly disclaims all warranties (express, implied and statutory) not included in this or any other document relating to the standard, including, but not limited to, the warranties of: merchantability; fitness for a particular purpose; non-infringement; and quality, accuracy, effectiveness, currency, or completeness of material. In addition, IEEE disclaims any and all conditions relating to: results; and workmanlike effort. IEEE standards documents are supplied “AS IS” and “WITH ALL FAULTS.” Use of an IEEE standard is wholly voluntary. The existence of an IEEE standard does not imply that there are no other ways to produce, test, measure, purchase, market, or provide other goods and services related to the scope of the IEEE standard. Furthermore, the viewpoint expressed at the time a standard is approved and issued is subject to change brought about through developments in the state of the art and comments received from users of the standard. In publishing and making its standards available, IEEE is not suggesting or rendering professional or other services for, or on behalf of, any person or entity nor is IEEE undertaking to perform any duty owed by any other person or entity to another. Any person utilizing any IEEE Standards document, should rely upon his or her own independent judgment in the exercise of reasonable care in any given circumstances or, as appropriate, seek the advice of a competent professional in determining the appropriateness of a given IEEE standard. IN NO EVENT SHALL IEEE BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO: PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE PUBLICATION, USE OF, OR RELIANCE UPON ANY STANDARD, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE AND REGARDLESS OF WHETHER SUCH DAMAGE WAS FORESEEABLE.

Translations
The IEEE consensus development process involves the review of documents in English only. In the event that an IEEE standard is translated, only the English version published by IEEE should be considered the approved IEEE standard.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Official statements
A statement, written or oral, that is not processed in accordance with the IEEE-SA Standards Board Operations Manual shall not be considered or inferred to be the official position of IEEE or any of its committees and shall not be considered to be, or be relied upon as, a formal position of IEEE. At lectures, symposia, seminars, or educational courses, an individual presenting information on IEEE standards shall make it clear that his or her views should be considered the personal views of that individual rather than the formal position of IEEE.

Comments on standards
Comments for revision of IEEE Standards documents are welcome from any interested party, regardless of membership affiliation with IEEE. However, IEEE does not provide consulting information or advice pertaining to IEEE Standards documents. Suggestions for changes in documents should be in the form of a proposed change of text, together with appropriate supporting comments. Since IEEE standards represent a consensus of concerned interests, it is important that any responses to comments and questions also receive the concurrence of a balance of interests. For this reason, IEEE and the members of its societies and Standards Coordinating Committees are not able to provide an instant response to comments or questions except in those cases where the matter has previously been addressed. For the same reason, IEEE does not respond to interpretation requests. Any person who would like to participate in revisions to an IEEE standard is welcome to join the relevant IEEE working group. Comments on standards should be submitted to the following address: Secretary, IEEE-SA Standards Board 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA

Laws and regulations
Users of IEEE Standards documents should consult all applicable laws and regulations. Compliance with the provisions of any IEEE Standards document does not imply compliance to any applicable regulatory requirements. Implementers of the standard are responsible for observing or referring to the applicable regulatory requirements. IEEE does not, by the publication of its standards, intend to urge action that is not in compliance with applicable laws, and these documents may not be construed as doing so.

Copyrights
IEEE draft and approved standards are copyrighted by IEEE under U.S. and international copyright laws. They are made available by IEEE and are adopted for a wide variety of both public and private uses. These include both use, by reference, in laws and regulations, and use in private self-regulation, standardization, and the promotion of engineering practices and methods. By making these documents available for use and adoption by public authorities and private users, IEEE does not waive any rights in copyright to the documents.

Photocopies
Subject to payment of the appropriate fee, IEEE will grant users a limited, non-exclusive license to photocopy portions of any individual standard for company or organizational internal use or individual, non-commercial use only. To arrange for payment of licensing fees, please contact Copyright Clearance Center, Customer Service, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA; +1 978 750 8400. Permission to photocopy portions of any individual standard for educational classroom use can also be obtained through the Copyright Clearance Center.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Updating of IEEE Standards documents
Users of IEEE Standards documents should be aware that these documents may be superseded at any time by the issuance of new editions or may be amended from time to time through the issuance of amendments, corrigenda, or errata. An official IEEE document at any point in time consists of the current edition of the document together with any amendments, corrigenda, or errata then in effect. Every IEEE standard is subjected to review at least every ten years. When a document is more than ten years old and has not undergone a revision process, it is reasonable to conclude that its contents, although still of some value, do not wholly reflect the present state of the art. Users are cautioned to check to determine that they have the latest edition of any IEEE standard. In order to determine whether a given document is the current edition and whether it has been amended through the issuance of amendments, corrigenda, or errata, visit the IEEE-SA Website at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/standards.jsp or contact IEEE at the address listed previously. For more information about the IEEE SA or IEEE’s standards development process, visit the IEEE-SA Website at http://standards.ieee.org.

Errata
Errata, if any, for all IEEE standards can be accessed on the IEEE-SA Website at the following URL: http://standards.ieee.org/findstds/errata/index.html. Users are encouraged to check this URL for errata periodically.

Patents
Attention is called to the possibility that implementation of this standard may require use of subject matter covered by patent rights. By publication of this standard, no position is taken by the IEEE with respect to the existence or validity of any patent rights in connection therewith. If a patent holder or patent applicant has filed a statement of assurance via an Accepted Letter of Assurance, then the statement is listed on the IEEE-SA Website at http://standards.ieee.org/about/sasb/patcom/patents.html. Letters of Assurance may indicate whether the Submitter is willing or unwilling to grant licenses under patent rights without compensation or under reasonable rates, with reasonable terms and conditions that are demonstrably free of any unfair discrimination to applicants desiring to obtain such licenses. Essential Patent Claims may exist for which a Letter of Assurance has not been received. The IEEE is not responsible for identifying Essential Patent Claims for which a license may be required, for conducting inquiries into the legal validity or scope of Patents Claims, or determining whether any licensing terms or conditions provided in connection with submission of a Letter of Assurance, if any, or in any licensing agreements are reasonable or non-discriminatory. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their own responsibility. Further information may be obtained from the IEEE Standards Association.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Participants
At the time this IEEE recommended practice was completed, the Harmonics Working Group had the following membership: Mark Halpin, Chair
Reuben Burch Jim Burke Randy Collins Doug Dorr Russell Ehrlich Thomas Gentile David Gilmer Daryl Hallmark Dennis Hansen Fred Hensley Randy Horton Bill Howe John Kennedy Albert Keri Roberto Langella Theo Laughner Mike Lowenstein Alex McEachern Mark McGranaghan Chris Melhorn William Moncrief Dave Mueller Marty Page Paulo Ribeiro Daniel Sabin Bob Saint Surya Santoso Ken Sedziol Harish Sharma Jeff Smith Nicholas Smith Mike Swearingen Steve Tatum Alfredo Testa Rao Thallam Timothy Unruh Dan Ward James Wikston Charlie Williams Wilson Xu Francisc Zavoda

The following members of the individual balloting committee voted on this recommended practice. Balloters may have voted for approval, disapproval, or abstention.
William Ackerman Ali Al Awazi Roy Alexander Saleman Alibhay Thomas Barnes G. Bartok David Bassett Thomas Basso Steven Bezner Wallace Binder Michael Bio Thomas Bishop William Bloethe Frederick Brockhurst Andrew Brown Gustavo Brunello Jeffrey Burnworth William Bush William Byrd Brent Cain Paul Cardinal Antonio Cardoso Keith Chow Robert Christman Bryan Cole Larry Conrad Stephen Conrad Luis Coronado Glenn Davis Andrew Dettloff Carlo Donati Gary Donner Neal Dowling Robert Durham Russell Ehrlich Gearold O. H. Eidhin Ahmed ElSerafi C. Erven Dan Evans Jorge Fernandez Daher William Finley Carl Fredericks Fredric Friend Doaa Galal David Garrett Thomas Gentile Kenneth Gettman David Gilmer Mietek Glinkowski Thomas Grebe Randall Groves Thomas Gruzs Erich Gunther Ajit Gwal Daryl Hallmark Robert Hanna Dennis Hansen Edward Hare Gregory Hartzo James Harvey Jeffrey Helzer Werner Hoelzl Robert Hoerauf Randy Horton Ronald Hotchkiss John Houdek Farris Jibril Brian Johnson Gerald Johnson Lars Juhlin Laszlo Kadar Innocent Kamwa Haran Karmaker John Kay Gael Kennedy John Kennedy Yuri Khersonsky Chad Kiger James Kinney Stanley Klein Joseph L. Koepfinger Edwin Kramer Jim Kulchisky Asok Kumar Senthil Kumar Saumen Kundu Chung-Yiu Lam Thomas La Rose Theo Laughner Wei-Jen Lee Steven Liggio Kevin Little Albert Livshitz William Lockley Lawrenc Long Greg Luri Richard Marek John Mcalhaney, Jr William McBride

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

vi

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Kenneth McClenahan Peter Megna Dean Mehlberg John Merando T. David Mills Daleep Mohla William Moncrief Kimberly Mosley Jerry Murphy Ryan Musgrove Arun Narang Dennis Neitzel Arthur Neubauer Michael Newman David Nichols Joe Nims Gary Nissen Tim Olsen Gary Olson Gregory Olson Lorraine Padden Richard Paes Marty Page Mirko Palazzo Donald Parker David Parman Bansi Patel S. Patel

Shawn Patterson Wesley Patterson K. James Phillips Percy Pool Iulian Profir John Rama Moises Ramos Reynaldo Ramos John Roach Michael Roberts Charles Rogers Thomas Rozek D. Daniel Sabin Randall Safier Bob Saint Steven Sano Bartien Sayogo Colin Schauder Robert Schuerger Ken Sedziol Robert Seitz Nikunj Shah Nigel Shore Gil Shultz Hyeong Sim David Singleton James Smith Jeremy Smith

Jerry Smith John Spare Gary Stoedter Raymond Strittmatter K. Stump Peter Sutherland Michael Swearingen Steve Tatum Richard Taylor Eric Udren Timothy Unruh John Vergis Carl Wall Daniel Ward Karl Weber Yingli Wen Kenneth White Matthew Wilkowski George Wood Wilson Xu Edward Yandek Thomas Yohn Larry Young Jian Yu Francisc Zavoda James Ziebarth Donald Zipse Ahmed Zobaa

When the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved this recommended practice on 27 March 2014, it had the following membership: John Kulick, Chair Jon Walter Rosdahl, Vice Chair Richard H. Hulett, Past Chair Konstantinos Karachalios, Secretary
Peter Balma Farooq Bari Ted Burse Clint Chaplain Stephen Dukes Jean-Phillippe Faure Gary Hoffman Michael Janezic Jeffrey Katz Joseph L. Koepfinger* David J. Law Hung Ling Oleg Logvinov Ted Olsen Glenn Parsons Ron Peterson Adrian Stephens Peter Sutherland Yatin Trivedi Phil Winston Don Wright Yu Yuan

*Member Emeritus

Also included are the following nonvoting IEEE-SA Standards Board liaisons:
Richard DeBlasio, DOE Representative Michael Janezic, NIST Representative Catherine Berger Senior Program Manager, IEEE-SA Content Publishing Erin Spiewak Program Manager, IEEE-SA Technical Community

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

vii

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Introduction
This introduction is not part of IEEE Std 519-2014, IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems.

The uses of nonlinear loads connected to electric power systems include static power converters, arc discharge devices, saturated magnetic devices, and, to a lesser degree, rotating machines. Static power converters of electric power are the largest nonlinear loads and are used in industry for a variety of purposes, such as electrochemical power supplies, adjustable speed drives, and uninterruptible power supplies. These devices are useful because they can convert ac to dc, dc to dc, dc to ac, and ac to ac. Nonlinear loads change the sinusoidal nature of the ac power current (and consequently the ac voltage drop), thereby resulting in the flow of harmonic currents in the ac power system that can cause interference with communication circuits and other types of equipment. These harmonic currents also lead to increased losses and heating in numerous electromagnetic devices (motors, transformers, etc.). When reactive power compensation, in the form of power factor improvement capacitors, is used, resonant conditions can occur that may result in high levels of harmonic voltage and current distortion when the resonant condition occurs at a harmonic associated with nonlinear loads. Common sources of harmonic currents in power systems include power electronic converters, arc furnaces, static VAR systems, inverters for distributed generation, ac phase controllers, cycloconverters, and ac-dc converters (rectifiers) commonly used in switched mode power supplies and pulse width modulated (PWM) motor drives. Each of these harmonic-producing devices can have fairly consistent harmonic current emission characteristics over time or each may present a widely-varying characteristic depending on the control of the device, the characteristics of the system, and other variables. This recommended practice is to be used for guidance in the design of power systems with nonlinear loads. The limits set are for steady-state operation and are recommended for “worst case” conditions. Transient conditions exceeding these limits may be encountered. In any case, the limit values given in this document are recommendations and should not be considered binding in all cases. Because of the nature of the recommendations, some conservatism is present that may not be necessary in all cases. This recommended practice should be applied at interface points between system owners or operators and users in the power system. The limits in this recommended practice are intended for application at a point of common coupling (PCC) between the system owner or operator and a user, where the PCC is usually taken as the point in the power system closest to the user where the system owner or operator could offer service to another user. Frequently for service to industrial users (i.e., manufacturing plants) via a dedicated service transformer, the PCC is at the HV side of the transformer. For commercial users (office parks, shopping malls, etc.) supplied through a common service transformer, the PCC is commonly at the LV side of the service transformer. The limits in this recommended practice represent a shared responsibility for harmonic control between system owners or operators and users. Users produce harmonic currents that flow through the system owner’s or operator’s system, which lead to voltage harmonics in the voltages supplied to other users. The amount of harmonic voltage distortion supplied to other users is a function of the aggregate effects of the harmonic current producing loads of all users and the impedance characteristics of the supply system. Harmonic voltage distortion limits are provided to reduce the potential negative effects on user and system equipment. Maintaining harmonic voltages below these levels necessitates that ? ? All users limit their harmonic current emissions to reasonable values determined in an equitable manner based on the inherent ownership stake each user has in the supply system and Each system owner or operator takes action to decrease voltage distortion levels by modifying the supply system impedance characteristics as necessary.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

viii

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

In order to allow the system owner or operator to control the system impedance characteristics to reduce voltage distortion when necessary, users should not add passive equipment that affects the impedance characteristic in a way such that voltage distortions are increased. In effect, such actions by a user could amount to producing excessive voltage harmonic distortion. Such passive equipment additions (that lead to undesirable system impedance characteristics) should be controlled by the user in the same manner as current harmonic-producing devices operated by the user.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

ix

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

Contents
1. Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................... 2 1.2 Purpose ................................................................................................................................................ 2 2. Normative references.................................................................................................................................. 3 3. Definitions .................................................................................................................................................. 3 4. Harmonic measurements ............................................................................................................................ 4 4.1 Measurement window width................................................................................................................ 4 4.2 Very short time harmonic measurements ............................................................................................ 5 4.3 Short time harmonic measurements ..................................................................................................... 5 4.4 Statistical evaluation ............................................................................................................................ 5 5. Recommended harmonic limits .................................................................................................................. 5 5.1 Recommended harmonic voltage limits............................................................................................... 6 5.2 Recommended current distortion limits for systems nominally rated 120 V through 69 kV............... 6 5.3 Recommended current distortion limits for systems nominally rated above 69 kV through 161 kV .. 7 5.4 Recommended current distortion limits for systems nominally rated above 161 kV .......................... 8 5.5 Recommendations for increasing harmonic current limits .................................................................. 9 Annex A (informative) Interharmonic voltage limits based on flicker ......................................................... 11 Annex B (informative) Telephone influence factor (TIF) ............................................................................ 13 Annex C (informative) Limits on commutation notches .............................................................................. 15 Annex D (informative) Bibliography ........................................................................................................... 17

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

x

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems
IMPORTANT NOTICE: IEEE Standards documents are not intended to ensure safety, security, health, or environmental protection, or ensure against interference with or from other devices or networks. Implementers of IEEE Standards documents are responsible for determining and complying with all appropriate safety, security, environmental, health, and interference protection practices and all applicable laws and regulations. This IEEE document is made available for use subject to important notices and legal disclaimers. These notices and disclaimers appear in all publications containing this document and may be found under the heading “Important Notice” or “Important Notices and Disclaimers Concerning IEEE Documents.” They can also be obtained on request from IEEE or viewed at http://standards.ieee.org/IPR/disclaimers.html.

1. Overview
The uses of nonlinear loads connected to electric power systems include static power converters, arc discharge devices, saturated magnetic devices, and, to a lesser degree, rotating machines. Static power converters of electric power are the largest nonlinear loads and are used in industry for a variety of purposes, such as electrochemical power supplies, adjustable speed drives, and uninterruptible power supplies. These devices are useful because they can convert ac to dc, dc to dc, dc to ac, and ac to ac. Nonlinear loads change the sinusoidal nature of the ac power current (and consequently the ac voltage drop), thereby resulting in the flow of harmonic currents in the ac power system that can cause interference with communication circuits and other types of equipment. These harmonic currents also lead to increased losses and heating in numerous electromagnetic devices (motors, transformers, etc.). When reactive power compensation, in the form of power factor improvement capacitors, is used, resonant conditions can occur that may result in high levels of harmonic voltage and current distortion when the resonant condition occurs at a harmonic associated with nonlinear loads. Common sources of harmonic currents in power systems include power electronic converters, arc furnaces, static VAR systems, inverters for distributed generation, ac phase controllers, cycloconverters, and ac-dc converters (rectifiers) commonly used in switched mode power supplies and pulse width modulated (PWM) motor drives. Each of these harmonic-producing devices can have fairly consistent harmonic current emission characteristics over time or each may present a widely-varying characteristic depending on the control of the device, the characteristics of the system, and other variables.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

1

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

1.1 Scope
This recommended practice establishes goals for the design of electrical systems that include both linear and nonlinear loads. The voltage and current waveforms that may exist throughout the system are described, and waveform distortion goals for the system designer are established. The interface between sources and loads is described as the point of common coupling and observance of the design goals will minimize interference between electrical equipment. This recommended practice addresses steady-state limitations. Transient conditions exceeding these limitations may be encountered. This document sets the quality of power that is to be provided at the point of common coupling. This document does not cover the effects of radio-frequency interference; however, guidance is offered for wired telephone systems.

1.2 Purpose
This recommended practice is to be used for guidance in the design of power systems with nonlinear loads. The limits set are for steady-state operation and are recommended for “worst case” conditions. Transient conditions exceeding these limits may be encountered. In any case, the limit values given in this document are recommendations and should not be considered binding in all cases. Because of the nature of the recommendations, some conservatism is present that may not be necessary in all cases. This recommended practice should be applied at interface points between system owners or operators and users in the power system. The limits in this recommended practice are intended for application at a point of common coupling (PCC) between the system owner or operator and a user, where the PCC is usually taken as the point in the power system closest to the user where the system owner or operator could offer service to another user. Frequently for service to industrial users (i.e., manufacturing plants) via a dedicated service transformer, the PCC is at the HV side of the transformer. For commercial users (office parks, shopping malls, etc.) supplied through a common service transformer, the PCC is commonly at the LV side of the service transformer. The limits in this recommended practice represent a shared responsibility for harmonic control between system owners or operators and users. Users produce harmonic currents that flow through the system owner’s or operator’s system which lead to voltage harmonics in the voltages supplied to other users. The amount of harmonic voltage distortion supplied to other users is a function of the aggregate effects of the harmonic current producing loads of all users and the impedance characteristics of the supply system. Harmonic voltage distortion limits are provided to reduce the potential negative effects on user and system equipment. Maintaining harmonic voltages below these levels necessitates that ? ? All users limit their harmonic current emissions to reasonable values determined in an equitable manner based on the inherent ownership stake each user has in the supply system and Each system owner or operator takes action to decrease voltage distortion levels by modifying the supply system impedance characteristics as necessary.

In order to allow the system owner or operator to control the system impedance characteristics to reduce voltage distortion when necessary, users should not add passive equipment that affects the impedance characteristic in a way such that voltage distortions are increased. In effect, such actions by a user could amount to producing excessive voltage harmonic distortion. Such passive equipment additions (that lead to undesirable system impedance characteristics) should be controlled by the user in the same manner as current harmonic-producing devices operated by the user.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

2

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

2. Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document (i.e., they must be understood and used, so each referenced document is cited in text and its relationship to this document is explained). For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments or corrigenda) applies. IEC Standard 61000-4-7, General Guide on Harmonics and Interharmonics Measurement and Instrumentation, for Power Supply Systems and Equipment Connected Thereto.1 IEC Standard 61000-4-30, Power Quality Measurement Methods. IEC Standard 61000-4-15, Testing and Measurement Techniques—Flickermeter—Functional and Design Specifications. IEEE Std 1453?, IEEE Recommended Practice—Adoption of IEC 61000-4-15:2010, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)—Testing and Measurement Techniques—Flickermeter—Functional and Design Specifications.2

3. Definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. The IEEE Standards Dictionary Online should be consulted for terms not defined in this clause.3 harmonic (component): A component of order greater than one of the Fourier series of a periodic quantity. For example, in a 60 Hz system, the harmonic order 3, also known as the “third harmonic,” is 180 Hz. interharmonic (component): A frequency component of a periodic quantity that is not an integer multiple of the frequency at which the supply system is operating (e.g., 50 Hz or 60 Hz). I-T product: The inductive influence expressed in terms of the product of root-mean-square current magnitude (I), in amperes, times its telephone influence factor (TIF). kV-T product: Inductive influence expressed in terms of the product of root-mean-square voltage magnitude (V), in kilovolts, times its telephone influence factor (TIF). maximum demand load current: This current value is established at the point of common coupling and should be taken as the sum of the currents corresponding to the maximum demand during each of the twelve previous months divided by 12. notch: A switching (or other) disturbance in the normal power voltage waveform, lasting less than 0.5 cycles, which is initially of opposite polarity than the waveform and is thus subtracted from the normal waveform in terms of the peak value of the disturbance voltage. This includes complete loss of voltage for up to 0.5 cycles.
1 IEC publications are available from the Sales Department of the International Electrotechnical Commission, Case Postale 131, 3, rue de Varembé, CH-1211, Genève 20, Switzerland/Suisse (http://www.iec.ch/). IEC publications are also available in the United States from the Sales Department, American National Standards Institute, 25 West 43rd Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, USA (http:// www.ansi.org/). 2 IEEE publications are available from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA (http://standards.ieee.org/). 3 IEEE Standards Dictionary Online subscription is available at: http://www.ieee.org/portal/innovate/products/standard/standards_dictionary.html.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

3

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

notch depth: The average depth of the line voltage notch from the sine wave of voltage. notch area: The area of the line voltage notch. It is the product of the notch depth, in volts, times the width of the notch measured in microseconds. point of common coupling (PCC): Point on a public power supply system, electrically nearest to a particular load, at which other loads are, or could be, connected. The PCC is a point located upstream of the considered installation. pulse number: The total number of successive nonsimultaneous commutations occurring within the converter circuit during each cycle when operating without phase control. It is also equal to the order of the principal harmonic in the direct voltage, that is, the number of pulses present in the dc output voltage in one cycle of the supply voltage. short-circuit ratio: At a particular location, the ratio of the available short-circuit current, in amperes, to the load current, in amperes. telephone influence factor (TIF): For a voltage or current wave in an electric supply circuit, the ratio of the square root of the sum of the squares of the weighted root-mean-square values of all the sine-wave components (including alternating current waves both fundamental and harmonic) to the root-mean-square value (unweighted) of the entire wave. total demand distortion (TDD): The ratio of the root mean square of the harmonic content, considering harmonic components up to the 50th order and specifically excluding interharmonics, expressed as a percent of the maximum demand current. Harmonic components of order greater than 50 may be included when necessary. total harmonic distortion (THD): The ratio of the root mean square of the harmonic content, considering harmonic components up to the 50th order and specifically excluding interharmonics, expressed as a percent of the fundamental. Harmonic components of order greater than 50 may be included when necessary.

4. Harmonic measurements
For the purposes of assessing harmonic levels for comparison with the recommended limits in this document, any instrument used should comply with the specifications of IEC 61000-4-7 and IEC 61000-430. The most relevant portions of the IEC specifications are summarized in 4.1 through 4.4.

4.1 Measurement window width
The width of the measurement window used by digital instruments employing Discrete Fourier Transform techniques should be 12 cycles (approximately 200 ms) for 60 Hz power systems (10 cycles for 50 Hz power systems). With this window width, spectral components will be available every 5 Hz (e.g., 0, 5, 10…50, 55, 60, 65, 70,… Hz). For the purposes of this document, a harmonic component magnitude is considered to be the value at a center frequency (60, 120, 180, etc. and 50, 100, 150, etc. Hz for 60 Hz and 50 Hz power systems, respectively) combined with the two adjacent 5 Hz bin values. The three values are combined into a single rms value that defines the harmonic magnitude for the particular center frequency component.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

4

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

4.2 Very short time harmonic measurements
Very short time harmonic values are assessed over a 3-second interval based on an aggregation of 15 consecutive 12 (10) cycle windows for 60 (50) Hz power systems. Individual frequency components are aggregated based on an rms calculation as shown in Equation (1) where F represents voltage (V) or current (I), n represents the harmonic order, and i is a simple counter. The subscript vs is used to denote “very short.” In all cases, F represents an rms value.

Fn,vs = 2

1 15

?F
i =1

15

2 n ,i

(1)

4.3 Short time harmonic measurements
Short time harmonic values are assessed over a 10-minute interval based on an aggregation of 200 consecutive very short time values for a specific frequency component. The 200 values are aggregated based on an rms calculation as shown in Equation (2) where F represents voltage (V) or current (I), n represents the harmonic order, and i is a simple counter. The subscript sh is used to denote “short.” In all cases, F represents an rms value.

Fn,sh = 2

1 200

?F
i =1

200

2 ( n ,vs ),i

(2)

4.4 Statistical evaluation
Very short and short time harmonic values should be accumulated over periods of one day and one week, respectively. For very short time harmonic measurements, the 99th percentile value (i.e., the value that is exceeded for 1% of the measurement period) should be calculated for each 24-hour period for comparison with the recommend limits in Clause 5. For short time harmonic measurements, the 95th and 99th percentile values (i.e., those values that are exceeded for 5% and 1% of the measurement period) should be calculated for each 7-day period for comparison with the recommended limits in Clause 5. These statistics should be used for both voltage and current harmonics with the exception that the 99th percentile short time value is not recommended for use with voltage harmonics.

5. Recommended harmonic limits
Because managing harmonics in a power system is considered a joint responsibility involving both endusers and system owners or operators, harmonic limits are recommended for both voltages and currents. The recommended values in this clause are based on the fact that some level of voltage distortion is

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

5

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

generally acceptable and both system owners or operators and users must work cooperatively to keep actual voltage distortion below objectionable levels. The underlying assumption of these recommended limits is that by limiting harmonic current injections by users, voltage distortion can be kept below objectionable levels. In the event that limiting harmonic currents alone does not result in acceptable levels of voltage distortion, system owners or operators should take action to modify system characteristics so that voltage distortion levels are acceptable. The acceptable voltage distortion levels form the basis of the harmonic voltage limits in 5.1. The recommended limits in this clause apply only at the point of common coupling and should not be applied to either individual pieces of equipment or at locations within a user’s facility. In most cases, harmonic voltages and currents at these locations could be found to be significantly greater than the limits recommended at the PCC due to the lack of diversity, cancellation, and other phenomena that tend to reduce the combined effects of multiple harmonic sources to levels below their algebraic summation.

5.1 Recommended harmonic voltage limits
At the PCC, system owners or operators should limit line-to-neutral voltage harmonics as follows: ? ? Daily 99th percentile very short time (3 s) values should be less than 1.5 times the values given in Table 1. Weekly 95th percentile short time (10 min) values should be less than the values given in Table 1.

All values should be in percent of the rated power frequency voltage at the PCC. Table 1 applies to voltage harmonics whose frequencies are integer multiples of the power frequency. Table 1 —Voltage distortion limits
Bus voltage V at PCC V ≤ 1.0 kV 1 kV < V ≤ 69 kV 69 kV < V ≤ 161 kV 161 kV < V
a

Individual harmonic (%) 5.0 3.0 1.5 1.0

Total harmonic distortion THD (%) 8.0 5.0 2.5 1.5a

High-voltage systems can have up to 2.0% THD where the cause is an HVDC terminal whose effects will have attenuated at points in the network where future users may be connected.

Information on voltage interharmonic limits is given in Annex A and is based on lamp flicker assessed using the measurement technique described in IEEE Std 1453 and IEC 61000-4-15. The information of Annex A is not based on the effects of interharmonics on other equipment and systems such as generator mechanical systems, motors, transformers, signaling and communication systems, and filters. Due consideration should be given to these effects and appropriate interharmonic current limits should be developed starting from the information in Annex A on a case-by-case basis using specific knowledge of the supply system, connected user loads, and provisions for future users.

5.2 Recommended current distortion limits for systems nominally rated 120 V through 69 kV
The limits in this subclause apply to users connected to systems where the rated voltage at the PCC is 120 V to 69 kV. At the PCC, users should limit their harmonic currents as follows:

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

6

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

? ? ?

Daily 99th percentile very short time (3 s) harmonic currents should be less than 2.0 times the values given in Table 2. Weekly 99th percentile short time (10 min) harmonic currents should be less than 1.5 times the values given in Table 2. Weekly 95th percentile short time (10 min) harmonic currents should be less than the values given in Table 2.

All values should be in percent of the maximum demand current, IL. This current value is established at the PCC and should be taken as the sum of the currents corresponding to the maximum demand during each of the twelve previous months divided by 12. Table 2 applies to harmonic currents whose frequencies are integer multiples of the power frequency.

Table 2 —Current distortion limits for systems rated 120 V through 69 kV
Maximum harmonic current distortion in percent of IL Individual harmonic order (odd harmonics)a, b ISC/IL <?20c 20?<?50 50?<?100 100?<?1000 >?1000
a b c

3?≤?h <11 4.0 7.0 10.0 12.0 15.0

11≤??h?< 17 17?≤?h?< 23 2.0 3.5 4.5 5.5 7.0 1.5 2.5 4.0 5.0 6.0

23?≤?h?< 35 0.6 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

35?≤?h?≤?50 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.4

TDD 5.0 8.0 12.0 15.0 20.0

Even harmonics are limited to 25% of the odd harmonic limits above. Current distortions that result in a dc offset, e.g., half-wave converters, are not allowed.

All power generation equipment is limited to these values of current distortion, regardless of actual Isc/IL. where Isc = maximum short-circuit current at PCC IL = maximum demand load current (fundamental frequency component) at the PCC under normal load operating conditions

For interharmonic current components with frequencies that are not integer multiples of the power frequency, users should limit the components to sufficiently low levels so as to not produce undesirable effects on the power system and connected equipment. Limiting values and appropriate statistical indices should be developed on a case-by-case basis starting from the guidance of Annex A and considering the specifics of the supply system, connected user loads, and provisions for other users.

5.3 Recommended current distortion limits for systems nominally rated above 69 kV through 161 kV
The limits in this subclause apply to users connected to systems where the rated voltage V at the PCC is 69 kV <?V?≤ 161 kV. At the PCC, users should limit their harmonic currents as follows: ? Daily 99th percentile very short time (3 s) harmonic currents should be less than 2.0 times the values given in Table 3.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

7

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

? ?

Weekly 99th percentile short time (10 min) harmonic currents should be less than 1.5 times the values given in Table 3. Weekly 95th percentile short time (10 min) harmonic currents should be less than the values given in Table 3.

All values should be in percent of the maximum demand current, IL. This current value is established at the PCC and should be taken as the sum of the currents corresponding to the maximum demand during each of the twelve previous months divided by 12. Table 3 applies to harmonic currents whose frequencies are integer multiples of the power frequency. Table 3 —Current distortion limits for systems rated above 69 kV through 161 kV
Maximum harmonic current distortion in percent of IL Individual harmonic order (odd harmonics) a, b Isc/IL <?20
c

3≤?h <11 2.0 3.5 5.0 6.0 7.5

11≤?h?< 17 17≤?h?< 23 23?≤?h?< 35 1.0 1.75 2.25 2.75 3.5 0.75 1.25 2.0 2.5 3.0 0.3 0.5 0.75 1.0 1.25

35≤?h?≤50 0.15 0.25 0.35 0.5 0.7

TDD 2.5 4.0 6.0 7.5 10.0

20?<?50 50?<?100 100?<?1000 >?1000
a

Even harmonics are limited to 25% of the odd harmonic limits above. Current distortions that result in a dc offset, e.g., half-wave converters, are not allowed.

b c

All power generation equipment is limited to these values of current distortion, regardless of actual Isc/IL. where Isc = maximum short-circuit current at PCC IL = maximum demand load current (fundamental frequency component) at the PCC under normal load operating conditions

For interharmonic current components with frequencies that are not integer multiples of the power frequency, users should limit the components to sufficiently low levels so as to not produce undesirable effects on the power system and connected equipment. Limiting values and appropriate statistical indices should be developed on a case-by-case basis starting from the guidance of Annex A and considering the specifics of the supply system, connected user loads, and provisions for other users.

5.4 Recommended current distortion limits for systems nominally rated above 161 kV
The limits in this subclause apply to users connected to general transmission systems where the rated voltage V at the PCC is greater than 161 kV. At the PCC, users should limit their harmonic currents as follows: ? ? ? Daily 99th percentile very short time (3 s) harmonic currents should be less than 2.0 times the values given in Table 4. Weekly 99th percentile short time (10 min) harmonic currents should be less than 1.5 times the values given in Table 4. Weekly 95th percentile short time (10 min) harmonic currents should be less than the values given in Table 4. 8

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

All values should be in percent of the maximum demand current, IL. This current value is established at the PCC and should be taken as the sum of the currents corresponding to the maximum demand during each of the twelve previous months divided by 12. Table 4 applies to harmonic currents whose frequencies are integer multiples of the power frequency. Table 4 —Current distortion limits for systems rated > 161 kV
Maximum harmonic current distortion in percent of IL Individual harmonic order (odd harmonics)a, b Isc/IL <?25
c

3?≤?h <?11 1.0 2.0 3.0

11?≤?h?< 17 0.5 1.0 1.5

17?≤?h?< 23 0.38 0.75 1.15

23?≤?h?< 35 0.15 0.3 0.45

35?≤?h?≤?50 0.1 0.15 0.22

TDD 1.5 2.5 3.75

25?<?50 ≥?50
a b c

Even harmonics are limited to 25% of the odd harmonic limits above. Current distortions that result in a dc offset, e.g., half-wave converters, are not allowed.

All power generation equipment is limited to these values of current distortion, regardless of actual Isc/IL. where Isc = maximum short-circuit current at PCC IL = maximum demand load current (fundamental frequency component) at the PCC under normal load operating conditions

For interharmonic current components with frequencies which are not integer multiples of the power frequency, users should limit the components to sufficiently low levels so as to not produce undesirable effects on the power system and connected equipment. Limiting values and appropriate statistical indices should be developed on a case-by-case basis starting from the guidance of Annex A and considering the specifics of the supply system, connected user loads, and provisions for other users.

5.5 Recommendations for increasing harmonic current limits
It is recommended that the values given in Table 2, Table 3, and Table 4 be increased by a multiplying factor when actions are taken by a user to reduce lower-order harmonics. The multipliers given in the second column of Table 5 are applicable when steps are taken to reduce the harmonic orders given in the first column.

Table 5 —Recommended multipliers for increases in harmonic current limits
Harmonics orders limited to 25% of values given in Table 2, Table 3, and Table 4 5, 7 5,7,11,13 5,7,11,13,17,19 5,7,11,13,17,19,23,25 Multiplier 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.2





Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

9

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

The multipliers in Table 5 can be obtained as shown in Equation (3) where p is the pulse-order of a threephase rectifier-based converter (p?=?6, 12, 18, 24, etc.). These converters produce dominant or characteristic harmonic currents at orders of p(n?±?1), where n is a simple counter, n?=?1, 2, 3 etc., and significantly lower current magnitudes at other orders. However, the recommended multipliers in Table 3 apply regardless of the method used to reduce the harmonics that would be considered “non-characteristic harmonics” for a ppulse converter as long as all “non-characteristic harmonics,” including even-order harmonics, are kept below 25% of the limit values given in Table 2, Table 3, or Table 4 as appropriate. Multiplier =

p 6

(3)

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

10

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

Annex A (informative) Interharmonic voltage limits based on flicker

For interharmonic components that are not integer multiples of the power frequency, system owners or operators may limit the weekly 95th percentile short time harmonic voltages to the values shown graphically in Figure A-1 up to 120 Hz for 60 Hz systems. Depending on the voltage level, the integer harmonic limits in Table 1 may be more restrictive and should be used. The portions of the 0–120 Hz range where the integer harmonic limits of Table 1 are more restrictive are appropriately labeled in Figure A-1. The numerical values corresponding to Figure A-1 are given in Table A-1 for voltages at the PCC less than 1 kV. It is important to recognize that the suggested voltage interharmonic limits are based on lamp flicker assessed using the measurement technique described in IEEE Std 1453 and IEC 61000-4-15. These voltage interharmonic limits correlate with a short-term flicker severity Pst value equal to 1.0 for 60 Hz systems; different (but similar) limit values can be derived for 50 Hz systems. The recommended limits in Figure A-1 are not based on the effects of interharmonics on other equipment and systems such as generator mechanical systems, motors, transformers, signaling and communication systems, and filters. Due consideration should be given to these effects and appropriate interharmonic current limits should be developed on a case-by-case basis using specific knowledge of the supply system, connected user loads, and provisions for future users. There is no limit on the 60 Hz component in Figure A-1. The 5% maximum applies to frequency components very near (but not equal to) 60 Hz.

6
V≤1kV V≤1kV

5 Voltage (% of Nominal) 4
1 kV<V≤69 kV 1 kV<V≤69 kV

3 2 1 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 Frequency (Hz)
69 kV<V≤161 kV V>161 kV all voltages 69 kV<V≤161 kV V>161 kV all voltages

Figure A-1—Interharmonic voltage limits based on flicker for frequencies up to 120 Hz for 60 Hz systems 11

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

Table A-1—Voltage interharmonic limits corresponding to Figure A-1 for PCC voltage less than 1 kVa, b
Frequency (Hz) 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Magnitude (%) 5.00 4.50 3.90 3.45 3.00 2.77 2.53 2.30 2.15 2.03 1.90 Frequency (Hz) 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Magnitude (%) 1.78 1.64 1.54 1.43 1.33 1.26 1.20 1.13 1.05 0.95 0.85 Frequency (Hz) 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Magnitude (%) 0.81 0.78 0.71 0.64 0.57 0.50 0.48 0.43 0.38 0.34 0.31 Frequency (Hz) 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 Magnitude (%) 0.28 0.25 0.23 0.25 0.27 0.29 0.35 0.40 0.58 0.77 0.95

a The values for frequencies above 60 (but less than 120) Hz are identical to those given in this table except the frequency of interest must be subtracted from 120 Hz before reading the corresponding value. For example, the interharmonic voltage limit for 61 Hz is equal to that given in the table for 120?–?61?=?59 Hz, which is 0.95%. b The frequency resolution in Table A-1 is 1 Hz. The resolution available using the methods recommended in Clause 4 is 5 Hz. Special instrumentation to be agreed upon at the time of its use, may be needed to obtain 1 Hz resolution.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

12

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

Annex B (informative) Telephone influence factor (TIF)

The TIF weighting is a combination of the C message weighting characteristic, which accounts for the relative interfering effect of various frequencies in the voice band (including the response of the telephone set and the ear), and a capacitor, which provides weighting that is directly proportional to frequency to account for the assumed coupling function. TIF is a dimensionless quantity that is indicative of the waveform and not the amplitude and is given by Equation (B.1).

TIF = where X Xn Wn

?? ?

? ( X n ? Wn ) ? ? X ?

2

(B.1)

= total rms voltage or current = single frequency rms current or voltage at the frequency corresponding to harmonic order n = single frequency TIF weighting at the frequency corresponding to harmonic order n

In practice, telephone interference is often expressed as a product of the current and the TIF, i.e., the I-T product, where the I is rms current in amperes and T is TIF as calculated in Equation (B.1). Alternatively, it is sometimes expressed as a product of the voltage and the TIF weighting, where the voltage is in rms kV, i.e., the kV-T product. The single frequency weighting values, based on 1960-vintage C-message weighting, are listed in Table B-1. Linear interpolation may be used as necessary in Table B-1. Table B-1—Weighting values (Wf)
FREQ 60 180 300 360 420 540 660 720 780 900 1000 Wf 0.5 30 225 400 650 1320 2260 2760 3360 4350 5000 FREQ 1020 1080 1140 1260 1380 1440 1500 1620 1740 1800 Wf 5100 5400 5630 6050 6370 6560 6680 6970 7320 7570 FREQ 1860 1980 2100 2160 2220 2340 2460 2580 2820 2940 Wf 7820 8330 8830 9080 9330 9840 10340 10600 10210 9820 FREQ 3000 3180 3300 3540 3660 3900 4020 4260 4380 5000 Wf 9670 8740 8090 6730 6130 4400 3700 2750 2190 840

B.1 Guidelines for I-T product
Table B-2 provides representative I-T guidelines for distribution systems operating at voltages less than (or equal to) 34.5 kV where it is more likely to have joint use of facilities, particularly poles and structures, involving electric power and telephone/communications companies. These guidelines should not be considered as recommended limits due to the wide range of variability in system and equipment 13

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

compatibility that is encountered in practice. The use of categories is for illustration purposes only and is provided in the event that it is desirable to assess or compare interference potentials in multiple areas of a particular electrical system. Table B-2—I-T guidelines for distribution systemsa
Category I II III Description Levels most unlikely to cause interference Levels that might cause interference Levels that probably will cause interference I-T Up to 10 000b 10 000 up to 25 000 Greater than 25 000

a These values of I-T product are for circuits with an exposure between overhead systems, both power and telephone. Within an industrial plant or commercial building, the exposure between power distribution cables and telephone lines with twisted pairs is extremely low and no interference is normally encountered; the use of fiber optic cables for communications virtually eliminates the entire concern. b For some areas that use a ground return for either telephone or power circuits, this value may be as low as 1500.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

14

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

Annex C (informative) Limits on commutation notches

C.1 Recommended limits on commutation notches
The notch depth and the notch area of the line-to-line voltage at PCC should be limited as shown in Table C-1. Table C-1—Recommended limits on commutation notches
Special applicationsa Notch depth Notch area (AN)c, d
a b

General system 20% 22800

Dedicated systemb 50% 36500

10% 16400

Special applications include hospitals and airports. A dedicated system exclusively supplies a specific user or user load. c In volt-microseconds at rated voltage and current. d The values for AN have been developed for 480 V systems. It is necessary to multiply the values given by V/480 for application at all other voltages.

These limits are recommended for low-voltage systems in which the notch area is easily measured on an oscilloscope or power quality monitor with oscilloscope capability. In the event that direct measurement is not possible, detailed simulations including advanced models of the supply system and loads may provide approximate waveforms that may be used in place of oscilloscope measurements. The relevant variables for use in Table C-1 are defined in Figure C-1.

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

15

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

% notch depth = d/v x 100 d AN = td = μ sec * volts

t = μ sec

Figure C-1—Definition of notch depth and notch area

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

16

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.

IEEE Std 519-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems

Annex D (informative) Bibliography
Bibliographical references are resources that provide additional or helpful material but do not need to be understood or used to implement this standard. Reference to these resources is made for informational use only. [B1] IEEE Std C57.110?-1986, IEEE Recommended Practice for Establishing Transformer Capability When Supplying Nonsinusoidal Load Current.4, 5 [B2] IEEE Std 18?-1992, IEEE Standard for Shunt Power Capacitors. [B3] IEEE Std 368?-1977 (Withdrawn), IEEE Recommended Practice for Measurement of Electrical Noise and Harmonic Filter Performance of High-Voltage Direct-Current Systems.6 [B4] IEEE Std 1100?-2005, IEEE Recommended Practice for Powering and Grounding Electronic Equipment. [B5] IEEE Std 1159?-2009, IEEE Recommended Practice for Monitoring Electric Power Quality. [B6] IEEE Std 1531?-2003, IEEE Guide for Application and Specification of Harmonic Filters.

4 IEEE publications are available from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA (http://standards.ieee.org/). 5 The IEEE standards or products referred to in this clause are trademarks of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. 6 IEEE Std C57.110-1986 has been withdrawn; however, copies can be obtained from Global Engineering, 15 Inverness Way East, Englewood, CO 80112-5704, USA, tel. (303) 792-2181 (http://global.ihs.com/).

Copyright ? 2014 IEEE. All rights reserved.

17

Authorized licensed use limited to: Lanzhou Jiaotong University. Downloaded on November 18,2016 at 08:08:45 UTC from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply.


相关文章:
开关电源能效测试方法_图文.doc
I. IEEE Std 1515-2000, IEEE Recommended Practice...and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical... and Pacific Gas & Electric Company in the ...
IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic ....unkown
IEEE Std 519 -1992 (Revision of IEEE Std 519-1981) Correction to IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power ...
IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic ....unkown
IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems IEEE Power and Energy Society Sponsored by the Transmission and ...
IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic ....unkown
IEEE Std 519-1981) Second Printing 15 June 2004 IEEE Recommended Practices ...and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems Sponsor ...
IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic ....unkown
(Revisionof IEEE SM 519-1981) n IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems IEEE Industry Applications Society...
...—Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic ....unkown
IEEE 519-1992: —Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems‖, IEEE, 1992IEC 61000 -3 Standards. 2. IEC ...
Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control ....unkown
16A, 1998 [05] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers: IEEE-519...Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power ...
RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR HARMONIC CONTROL IN ELECTRIC POWER ....unkown
www.Eaton.com Excerpts reproduced with permission from IEEE From IEEE Std ...RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR HARMONIC CONTROL IN ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS 10. ...
[2] IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirement for Harmonics ....unkown
[2] IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirement for Harmonics Control in ...D., Singh, S.P., "Harmonic, Reactive and Neutral Currents Compensation ...
Dear Dakota Electric Member:.unkown
IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems” IEEE Std 929-2000,”IEEE Recommended Practice for Utility ...
What Is Meant by Meeting the Requirements of IEEE-519-1992?.unkown
Hitachi America, Ltd ENGINEERING NOTE SUBJECT: IEEE-519 Harmonic Specifications...RECOMMENDED Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power ...
IEEE519谐波电流计算方法.doc
根据《 IEEE 519-1992 IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems》标 准要求,一般输电系统电流畸变限值见表 9...
能效测试安规标准.pdf
I. IEEE Std 1515-2000, IEEE Recommended Practice for Electronic Power Sub... IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical...
提高电能质量,提高电能降雪量_图文.pdf
参考文献 ? “IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Systems” ( IEEE 对于电气系统谐波控制的建 议做法及要求),IEEE ...
美国电力系统保护和自动化标准.doc
IEEE Recommended Practice for Protection and ...for harmonic control electrical power system IEEE ...Requirements for Electric Power Substation Automation...
CEC能效计算方法.pdf
I. IEEE Std 1515-2000, IEEE Recommended Practice for Electronic Power Sub... IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical...
01-电能质量综述_图文.ppt
IEEE Std519-1992 “IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems” ?IEEE P 519.1?/D8b “Draft: Guide for...
供电技术 2_图文.doc
Relay, 2004,32(17):60-63.[6] IEEE Std 5191992. IEEE recommended practices andrequirements for harmonic control in electrical powersystems[S].1993. ...
CEC测试方法.pdf
I. IEEE Std 1515-2000, IEEE Recommended Practice for Electronic Power Sub... IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical...
供电系统(含系统仿真)第八章_图文.pdf
of Static Power Converters” IEEE Std519-1992 “IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems” IEEE P 519.1...
更多相关标签: