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The Sad Young Men

Group Two

The lost generation

what is the lost generation?

After World War I,there are some yong writers who lived as expatriates in Western Europe for a shout time. They rebelled against foemer ideas and vaules,lived in a Bohemian style,but chould replace them only by despair or a cynical hedonism.

Typical characteristic
? flappers

the girls who were very outgoing and fashionable,worn short skirts and had short hair.

drugstore cowboy


rebel against the Puritan morality

the jazz age

Spirit of carnival

representative figures and master work

Ernest Hemingway 欧内斯特.海明威


T.S.Eliot 艾略特

what is the beat generation?

The Beat Generation was a group of American post-World War II writers who came to prominence in the 1950s, as well as the cultural phenomena that they both documented and inspired. Central elements of "Beat" culture included rejection of received standards, innovations in style, experimentation with drugs, alternative sexualities, an interest in Eastern religion, a rejection of materialism, and explicit portrayals of the human condition.

Typical characteristic
Beatniks (披头士) Hippies(嬉皮士)

Bizarre dress


Drug use

the essential effects of the Beat Generation

Spiritual liberation, sexual "revolution" or "liberation," i.e., gay liberation, somewhat catalyzing women's liberation, black liberation, Gray Panther activism. Liberation of the world from censorship.



Demystification and or decriminalization of cannabis and other drugs.
The evolution of rhythm and blues into rock and roll as a high art form, as evidenced by the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin, and other popular musicians influenced in the later fifties and sixties by Beat generation poets' and writers' works. Opposition to the military-industrial machine civilization, as emphasized in writings of Burroughs, Huncke, Ginsberg, and Kerouac.



representative figures and master work

on the road《在路上》



Naked Lunch《裸体午餐》

The Beats comment on the Beat Generation

so-called Beat Generation was a whole bunch of people, of all different nationalities, who came to the conclusion that society sucked." --- Amiri Baraka Beat means to have all the blather knocked out of you by experience, suddenly seeing things as they are. Beat doesn’t mean a broken spirit, on the contrary, it’s scourged of external blather --- Gregory Corso

Nobody knows whether we were catalysts or invented something, or just the froth riding on a wave of its own. We were all three, I suppose." --- Allen Ginsberg


Victorian era The Victorian era of British history
(and that of the British Empire) was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national selfconfidence for Britain.

Victorian literature
? ?

we put our focus on Matthew Arnold. Matthew Arnold has been characterized as asage writer, a type of writer who chastises and instructs the reader on contemporary social issues.

Culture and Anarchy

Matthew Arnold's famous series of essays, which were first published in book form under the title Culture and Anarchy in 1869, debate important questions about the nature of culture and society. Arnold seeks to find out what culture really is, what good it can do, and if it is really necessary. He contrasts culture, which he calls the study of perfection, with anarchy, the mood of unrest and uncertainty that pervaded mid-Victorian England.




what is puritan?

Puritan morality


The Writing Style of Ernest Hemingway
1. Language features a. Grammar b. Vocabulary c. Cohesive devices between sentences 2. Free Direct Speech

3. Symbolism

The Introduction of The Sun Also Rises
The novel explores the lives and values of the socalled “Lost Generation,” chronicling(记录) the experiences of Jake Barnes and several acquaintances on their pilgrimage to Pamplona for the annual fiesta(祭典) and bull fights

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
1.Masterpieces 2. Life Experience

The Great Gatsby

Sinclair Lewis 1885--1951
About the Author ? Works ? Babbit
? Summary ? Babbit,

the man ? Babbittry in Modern Society

Harry Sinclair Lewis (February 7, 1885 – January 10, 1951) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. In 1930, he became the first writer from the United States to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, (the first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature )"for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters."

Main Street (1920) ? Babbitt (1922) ? Arrowsmith (1925)

1. A novel that satirizes the American commercial culture and boosterism. The story was set in the fictional Midwestern town of Zenith, Winnemac, a setting to which Lewis would return in future novels. 2. Largely a satire of American culture, society, and behavior, it critiques the vacuity of middle-class American life and its pressure on individuals toward conformity.

The Characteristics of Babbit

a typical member of Zenith's hypocritical, ignorant, unthinking, conformist middle class.

Babbittry in Modern Society

American society today–indeed, every modern society–has its Babbitts. They are men and women who subjugate their minds to the collective will in order to gain favors and form relationships that will speed their rise in the local power structure. To think independently–or to reject accepted practices and traditions–is to risk losing social standing, as Babbitt discovered. In Zenith, which is to say any town or city where men and women follow the herd, conformity is the best policy. It puts a jingle in the pocket and food on the table; it brings esteem, social acceptance, and the opportunity to live in a nice home, give rousing speeches, and wear a Boosters’ button.

John Dos Passos (1896 - 1970)
Category: American Literature Born: January 14, 1896 Chicago, Illinois, United States Died: September 28, 1970 Baltimore, Maryland, United States

John Roderigo Dos Passos, born January 14, 1896 in Chicago, Illinois, United States - died September 28, 1970 in Baltimore, Maryland, was a novelist and artist.

1921 ? Three Soldiers. One of the greatest American fictional responses to World War I is this account of the experiences of three American doughboys-- an Italian American, an Indiana farm boy, and a Harvard graduate--who become disillusioned in different ways.

1938 ? U.S.A. Dos Passos collects his trio of novels--The 42nd Parallel (1930), 1919 (1932), and The Big Money (1936)--to form a technically innovative social panorama of American life and history during the first three decades of the century.

The first Chinese Nobel Prize in Literature

Mo Yan

William Faulkner and Mo Yan

William Faulkner







Influence of William Faulkner to Mo Yan

? Enlightment

for Mo Yan's artistic


a kind of Psychological reliance for Mo Yan's breave artistic pursuit

Enlightment for Mo Yan's artistic concept ?Establishment of consciousness of tragedy ?Awken of the subjective consciousness of performance ?Establishment of the local consciousness

Mo Yan
Main works



《红高粱家族》 《丰乳肥臀》



One of Mo Yan's works , Red Sorghum['s??g?m] , got the famous director, Zhang Yimou's attention and he made it into a movie. Finally this movie got the 38th Berlin International Festival's Golden Bear Award.



"My grandfather"-


bearer and bandit, killed someone, robbed others, outlaw hero and national intergrity.



"My grandmother"Chinese traditional virtue:hard-working and competent Rebel against traditional:lust and wildness, freedom and fighting, the appreance of life instinct

First, hia works critize the reality, and also have romantic style. His works can spread Chinese thousand-year history to all over the world. Besides,his works are not only fit for Chinese tastes,but also for judges. Moreover,his works also make worldwild readers have a perceptual knowledge of China. Second, with the popularization of Chinese in the world, more and more foreigners begin to know Chinese culture first time. Third, Zhang Yimou's influence in the world played a very big role in Mo Yan's Nobel prize in Literature. 。 Finally,the present decline of world's literature also give Mo Yan an opportunity of being concerned.




Award words for Mo Yan

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2012 is awarded to the Chinese

writer Mo Yan “who


hallucinatory [h?'lus?n?t?ri realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary”.

Greenwich village

Greenwich village ≠ Greenwich

An American district

A town in UK

GMT(Greenwich Mean Time)

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) originally referred to the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenw ich, London, which later became adopted as a global time standard.

Geographic information

? ?

Location: Bounded by: W 14th Street on the North; W Houston Street on the South; the Hudson River on the West; Broadway on the East Built in 1799 Architectural style: Mid 19th Century Revival, Italianate, Federal

Origin of the name

The name of the village was Anglicized(英语 化) from the Dutch name Groenwijck, meaning "Green District", into Greenwich, a borough of London.

Key points of Greenwich village
? ?


An artists' haven The headquarter of American counterculture A Utopian for the lost

An artists’ haven
Famous Writers in Greenwich Village

Edgar Allan Poe (1809~1849)

Walt Whitman (1819 ~1892)

Mark Twain (1835 ~1910)

Famous actors in Greenwich village

Al Pacino (阿尔帕西诺)

Robert De Niro
(罗伯特· 德尼罗)

Bob Dylan
an American musician, singersongwriter, artist, and writer. ? Rock music: Masters of War A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall

Born in May 24, 1941

The headquarter of American counterculture
The Bohamian capita ? The beat generation ? The ‘60s counterculture movements ? Women’s Movement ? Campaigning for gay rights

The ‘60s counterculture movements

Women’s Movement

Campaigning for gay rights

The Left Bank(La Rive Gauche)


Originated from Italy in 16th century, it flourished in 17th century in France.

Chinese Salon

Antibes, France

A resort town in the Alpes-Maritime department in southeastern France.

lies on the Mediterranean in the C?te d'Azur, located between Cannes and Nice.

View of Antibes

world war I

Part I About world war I
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ?

The name the first world war the place Europe, the Pacific, the Middle East, the Mediterranean and Africa Time 1914.07.28-1918.11.11 day Casualties allied soldiers 5497600 Allied soldiers 3382500 Total number of civilians killed in casualties: 6493000 Main Allies Germany the austro-hungarian the Ottoman empire, Bulgaria The entente countries British empire, France, the Russian empire Began to mark the austro-hungarian empire declared war on Serbia Consequence European powers to power down the world pattern after the war, America and Japan


After the first world war the U.S. economy

The United States, 1921-1929 war, killing, Coolidge prosperity

Coolidge prosperity

After the first world war, the U.S. economy has been rapid development. During this period, happen to be in the President Coolidge tenure (1923-1929), so the United States during the period of economic prosperity is also known as "Coolidge prosperity".

The performance of the boom

The United States in the first world war after 1920 years to the end of 1920 the short-term economic depression, the economy starts to recover, and gradually become prosperous, the time from 1923 until 1929, productivity growth to 4% a year. During this period, America's industrial production growth nearly doubled. Gross national income increased from $65.09 billion in 1919 to $1929 in 82.81 billion. Per capita income in 1919 from $620 to $1929 in 68.1 billion. The main manifestations of the United States the economic prosperity in the expansion of the industrial production, especially in automotive, electrical industry, construction and production of high iron and steel industry.


After the first world war the U.S. political

After the first world war, overcome the entente countries held in Paris, France, and, meeting the Versailles treaty signed, in Austria, Bulgaria, Turkey, Hungary and collectively known as the Paris agreement, constitutes the postwar order of the rule of imperialism in Europe and the Middle East, is called the Versailles system; Nine countries such as America and Britain in 1921 held a meeting in Washington, sign a four treaty, the treaty of five countries, the nine nations convention, constitute the postwar order of the rule of imperialism in the Middle East and the Pacific region, known as the Washington system.

History Course
Two –isms Of Two Leaders And One War

Two –isms of Two Leaders

Jingoism of Theodore Roosevelt 西奥多· 罗斯福的沙文主义 Napoleonic Cynicism 拿破仑式的犬儒主义


Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a military and political leader during the latter stages of the French Revolution. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815.


Cynic (Greek) = dog


Cynicism: at the beginning, it means to insist the inner justice and value. But later it becomes a negative attitude which don’t trust anybody and deny anything.

Napoleonic Cynicism

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt

Jingoism of Theodore Roosevelt
Joined the Spanish-American War as U.S. navy vice minister ? The youngest president in America history ? Conservationist自然资源保护论者 ? Monroe Doctrine ? Won the 1906’s Nobel peace prize ? Insisted that America should join in the WWI ( Jingoism)

One war
美西战争(Spanish-American War 1898 ) ? Philippines :Manila ? Battle of Cuba: San Juan Hill ? Treaty of Paris of 1898

Philippines :Manila

Battle of Cuba: San Juan Hill

Roosevelt and the Rough Riders on San Juan Hill

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