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高中英语必修三 Book 3- Unit 1同步练习及详解


Book 3- Unit 1

课后作业

1

必修三 Unit 1 课后作业 Ⅰ.单项填空 1.—Thank you very much for helping me out of trouble,Bob. —________. A.With pleasure B.Don’t mention it C.That’s right D.I hope so 2.In most western countries, on April Fool’s Day,people often play_____trick on each other; children especially have great________fun. A.a;a B.the;the C.不填;a D.a;不填 3. When I talked about the thing, I felt Jane watching me uncomfortably, looking____she wished to speak. A.as though B.even though C.so that D.in case 4.The old photos buried at the bottom of the suitcase________me of those happy old days we had spent together. A.repeated B.reminded C.informed D.remembered 5.Even though Jack has failed many times in his experiment,he holds a belief________he will succeed one day if he carries on with it. A.what B.which C.whether D.that 6.The building was named Ford Hall________a man named James Ford. A.in place of B.in celebration of C.in memory of D.in favour of 7.—Has Mr. Lee arrived? —No.But it’s already 9 o’clock. He should________at any time. A.bring up B.turn up C.look up D.pick up 8.Sir,you are not allowed to enter the building if you don’t get our manager’s________. A.permission B.connection C.instruction D.introduction 9.The headmaster told the boy________the angry teacher,but he refused to. A.to apologize B.apologize to C.to apologize for D.to apologize to 10.We are looking forward to________a chance to watch the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympic Games. A.give B.be given C.being given D.giving Ⅱ.阅读理解 A “Few things help an individual more than to place responsibility upon him, let him know and that you trust him.”These words are from the black American educator,Booker Washington. He was saying that,“If you want people to grow up,you have to stop treating them like children.” In America,families are close but children are encouraged to be independent,to make their own decisions,even at a very early age. It’s not unusual for a child of seven to be given an allowance(津贴)every week. The child is encouraged to save some of the money but he or she can spend it on whatever they choose,for example,buying clothes,school supplies or CDs.Some teenagers even have their own credit cards! That’s a big responsibility since even adults are tempted to overspend when they have credit cards. From an early age,American children are asked for their opinions and they are included in family decision? making.At the dinner table ,teenagers will be listened to on any topic,from politics to buying a new family car or where the family will go on vacation.In this way,teenagers are getting practice in becoming individuals:they are learning how to stand on their own two feet. Many Chinese young people are becoming almost as interested as American teens in searching for independence.They want to express those qualities that make them unique human beings. You can see this in the way they dress, the music they listen to and the friends they choose.“Super Girl” Li Yuchun caught the imagination of Chinese teenagers on the “Super Girl” television contest.She was not the traditional “nice,young Chinese girl”.With her short,spiky hair and boy? like clothes ,she was telling everyone that she was different. She had the courage to be her own person and to stand on her own two feet...and she won! There is an old saying,“Everyone should carefully observe which way his heart draws him and then choose that way with all his strength.”If you do this, step by step, over a period of time,

Book 3- Unit 1

课后作业

2

you may find that you have become the person you always wanted to be. 【解题导语】 生活中几乎没有东西比责任更重要,更能够帮助别人,并让别人觉得你 信任他。作者通过介绍美国人教育孩子的方式来论证这个道理并指出中国的年轻人也开始追 求独立。 1.The passage is intended to encourage the youth to________. A.save money for useful things B.become independent C.express their great ambitions D.make important decisions 2.A child of seven is given an allowance so that he can______. A.be accepted as a popular guy B.learn to decide how to use money C.overspend money without care D.have school supplies of his own 3.The author implies that many Chinese children________. A.are more independent than Americans B.should become interested in America C.are happy with their present situation D.are not satisfied to be nice,quiet ones 4.The main idea of the last paragraph is________. A.that we should do things step by step B.why we should understand our desires C.what we should plan for our own life D.how we can manage to realize our dreams B Four people in the England,back in 1953,stared at Photo 51.It wasn’t much—a picture showing a black X. But three of these people won the Nobel Prize for figuring out what the photo really showed—the shape of DNA.The discovery brought fame and fortune to scientists James Watson,Francis Crick,and Maurice Wilkins. The fourth,the one who actually made the picture, was left out. Her name was Rosalind Franklin.“She should have been up there,”says historian Mary Bowden.“If her photos hadn’t been there,the others couldn’t have come up with the structure.”One reason Franklin was missing was that she had died of cancer four years before the Nobel decision.But now scholars doubt that Franklin was not only robbed of her life by disease but robbed of credit by her competitors. At Cambridge University in the 1950s,Watson and Crick tried to make models by cutting up shapes of DNA’s parts and then putting them together. In the meantime,at King’s College in London,Franklin and Wilkins shone X? rays at the molecule( 分子).The rays produced patterns reflecting the shape. But Wilkins and Franklin’s relationship was a lot rockier than the celebrated teamwork of Watson and Crick. Wilkins thought Franklin was hired to be his assistant.But the college actually employed her to take over the DNA project. What she did was produce X? ray pictures that told Watson and Crick that one of their early models was inside out.And she was not shy about saying so.That angered Watson, who attacked her in return,“Mere inspection suggested that she would not easily bend.Clearly she had to go or be put in her place.” As Franklin’s competitors, Wilkins, Watson and Crick had much to gain by cutting her out of the little group of researchers, says historian Pnina Abir? Am.In 1962 at the Nobel Prize awarding ceremony,Wilkins thanked 13 colleagues by name before he mentioned Franklin.Watson wrote his book laughing at her. Crick wrote in 1974 that“Franklin was only two steps away from the solution.” No,Franklin was the solution.“She contributed more than any other player to solving the structure of DNA. She must be considered a co? discoverer ,”Abir? Am says. This was backed up by Aaron Klug, who worked with Franklin and later won a Nobel Prize himself.Once described as the“Dark Lady of DNA”,Franklin is finally coming into the light. 【解题导语】 文章通过几个科学家对女科学家 Rosalind Franklin 在 DNA 研究中作用的 讨论,客观地论述了她的贡献。这位曾经被誉为“DNA 隐身女士”的 Franklin 对 DNA 研究 的贡献在作者的叙述中终于浮出水面。 5.What is the text mainly about? A.The disagreements among DNA researchers. B.The unfair treatment of Franklin.

Book 3- Unit 1

课后作业

3

C.The process of discovering DNA. D.The race between two teams of scientists. 6.Watson was angry with Franklin because she________. A.took the lead in the competition B.kept her results from him C.proved some of his findings wrong D.shared her data with other scientists 7.Why is Franklin described as“Dark Lady of DNA”?
A.She developed pictures in dark labs. C.Her name was forgotten after her death. B.She discovered the black X—the shape of DNA. D.Her contribution was unknown to the public.

8.What is the writer’s attitude toward Wilkins,Watson and Crick? A.Disapproving. B.Respectful. C.Admiring. D.Doubtful. Ⅲ.短文改错 Dear Mary, We’ve been pen? friends for a year now. It s a fun, isn’t it? This year I’m starting my ’ college life. I’m real excited. Everything will be different with things in high school. I’ll have more classes, and each of the class will be in a different classroom. In the dormitory I will have a locker which I can keep my textbooks, notebooks, coats and other thing. This is my favorite thing about going college. Two students will have to share a locker. I will like my friend Kim to be my locker partner. We’re thinking of put our favorite pictures on the locker door. Please sending me a new picture of yourself! OK? Well, write soon. Bye. Best wishes.
答案: Ⅰ.单项填空 1.解析:选 B。考查交际用语。Don’t mention it 意为“不用谢;别客气”,常用来回答别人的道谢。With pleasure 意为“非常乐意”,表示愿意做别人要求做的事。 2.解析:选 D。考查冠词。play a trick on 为固定短语,意为“搞恶作剧,开玩笑”;have fun 意为“玩得 快乐”,fun 是不可数名词,前面通常不加冠词。 3.解析:选 A。考查连词。as though 好像。句意:当我谈论这件事时,我觉得 Jane 不安地看着我,看起来 想要说什么。even though 尽管;so that 以至于,结果;in case 假使,以防。 4.解析:选 B。考查动词辨析。remind 提醒,使想起,remind...of...使??想起??。句意:压在箱底的那 些旧照片使我回忆起了我们一起度过的那些欢乐时光。repeat 重复;inform 告知,通知;remember 记得, 记住。 5.解析:选 D。考查名词性从句。that 引导的同位语从句进一步说明 belief 的具体内容。句意:即使 Jack 的 实验已失败了很多次,但他抱有这样一种信念:只要继续坚持下去,他最终会成功的。 6.解析:选 C。考查短语辨析。in memory of 纪念,追念。in place of 代替,取代;in celebration of 庆祝; in favour of 赞成,支持。 7.解析:选 B。考查短语辨析。turn up 出现,到场。bring up 抚养,培养,教育,提出;look up 查找;pick up 拣起,拾起,(开车)去接某人,(非正式地)学会,学到。 8.解析:选 A。考查名词辨析。permission 允许,许可。句意:先生,如果没有我们经理的允许,你不准进 入这座大楼。connection 连接,关系;instruction 指示,说明;introduction 介绍。 9.解析:选 D。考查动词用法。tell sb.to do sth.告诉某人做某事;apologize to sb.(for sth.)(因某事)向某人道 歉。 10.解析:选 C。句意:我们期望有机会看到伦敦 2012 年奥运会的开幕式。look forward to 后面要跟动名词 形式,根据语境可知要用被动形式,故 C 项正确。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 A 1.解析:选 B。写作意图推断题。文中第二段中的“In America,families are close but children are encouraged to be independent”和第四段中的“Many Chinese young people are becoming almost as interested as American teens in searching for independence.”都向我们讲述了孩子追求独立的问题,因此我们可以推知文章的目的。 2. 解析: B。 选 推理判断题。 从文中第二段中的“It’s not unusual for a child of seven to be given an allowance(津 贴)every week.The child is encouraged to save some of the money but he or she can spend it on whatever they choose,for example,buying clothes,school supplies or CDs.”可知美国大部分的孩子都有自己的零花钱,他 们可以用这些钱去购买自己需要的东西,这样可以培养他们的理财能力。故 B 项正确。 3. 解析: D。 选 推理判断题。 文中第四段通过 Li Yuchun 的例子讲述了中国孩子的追求独立的想法。 从“She

Book 3- Unit 1

课后作业

4

was not the traditional‘nice, young Chinese girl’.”和“she was telling everyone that she was different.”可知 D 是正确答案。其余选项的说法不合理。 4.解析:选 D。主旨大意题。文章前面讲述了美国孩子和中国孩子追求独立的情况,文章的最后一段作者 就这一问题提出了自己的建议,告诉我们怎么样才能实现我们的理想。 B 5.解析:选 B。主旨大意题。从全文可知,文章中谈论了 Franklin 女士在 DNA 研究领域内的成就,以及 其他获奖科学家对她的负面评价,体现出她所遭受的不公平的待遇。故选择 B。 6. 解析: C。 选 事实细节题。 从文中第五段 What she did was produce X? ray pictures that told...inside out.Franklin 拍了这个 X 射线图像是要告诉 Watson 和 Crick 他们早期的一个模型弄反了,即指出了他们的一个错误。 7.解析:选 D。推理判断题。从最后一段最后一句...Franklin is finally coming into the light.可知,她终于浮 出水面被人们所知,说明了她以前的贡献是不为人所知的。故选择 D。 8.解析:选 A。推理判断题。从最后一段第一句 No,Franklin was the solution.可知作者肯定了 Franklin 对 研究的贡献,是她起到了关键的作用;对那三位得奖的科学家持否定态度。

Ⅲ.短文改错 Dear Mary,


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