当前位置:首页 >> 城乡/园林规划 >>

中国能源可持续政策 China's sustainable energy policy


China’s Sustainable Energy Policy
Ping He Ph.D. International Fund for China’s Environment

Current status
China is the second largest energy consumption country in the world
China’s energy is 90% self-sufficient China’s per capital energy consumption is about the world average. China’s energy is heavily relying on coal ( 1.9 billion TOE , about 50% production of the world)

Challenges
China’s economic growth was 10.5%/year from 20012010, expect 7-8% /year from 2010-2020, significantly higher than the world average. China’s energy demand is expected to continue to increase

China’s CO2 emission is the largest in the world.
China’s cities are badly polluted.

China’s energy demand is expected to continue to increase

CO2 emission by countries

Air pollution in Beijing

Energy targets in the 12th five-year plan
(from 2011 to 2015/2020)

Sustainable Energy Policies

Principles
Energy conservation first Based on domestic sources Diversifying Protecting environment Innovation in science & tech Deepening reforming International cooperation Improving livelihood

Sustainable Energy Policies

Priorities
?Fully implement energy conservation ?Develop clean and renewable energies ?Promote clean use of fossil energies

Sustainable Energy Policies

?Fully implement energy conservation
?Adjust industrial structures ?Enhance industrial energy saving ?Implement building energy conservation ?Improve energy saving in transportation

?Promote public participation

Energy Efficiency- Iron & Steel Industry 2005-2010

700 680 660 640 620 600 580 560
1 2005 2 2006

2007

3

2008

4 2009

5 2010

6

Change in Energy Intensity, China Iron & Steel Industry, 2005-2010, Source: CISIA, May 2011 (Unit: kg of coal / ton )

Energy Efficiency- Transportation

Corporate Average Fuel Economy of China, Australia and USA (Unit: MPG)

Energy Efficiency-A cement plant with waste heat power plant
in Shanxi

Sustainable Energy Policies

Priorities
?Develop clean and renewable energies
?Hydropower ?Nuclear energy ?Solar energy ?Wind energy ?Biomass energy ?Others

Coal problems

health problem environmental problem safety problem coal efficiency

Hydroelectricity
China has a goal to generate at least 15 percent of total energy output by 2020 using renewable energy sources as the government aims to shift to a less-resource intense economy. According to the consultancy EC Harris, in 2010, China is the world's top investor in renewable energy projects, having invested around $120 billion to $160 billion between 2007 and 2010. In 2009, China was the world’s largest producer of hydroelectric power. In the same year, China generated 549 Bkwh of electricity from hydroelectric sources, representing 16 percent of its total generation. Also, according to FACTS Global Energy, installed generating capacity was around 197 GW in 2009, accounting for over a fifth of total installed capacity. These figures are likely to increase given the number of large-scale hydroelectric projects planned or under construction in China, and the government’s State Energy Bureau announced plans to increase hydro capacity to 380 GW by 2020. The largest power project is the Three Gorges Dam along the Yangtze River, which includes 32 separate 700-MW generators, for a total of 22.5 GW.

solar energy-solar power
50% solar PV panels are manufactured in China In 2010, China produced .58 GW solar power, a relatively small number. The cost is still 3-4 times higher than coal power For grid-connected generation, a fixed purchase price is set For rooftop solar power, gov. provides financial aids up to 50% of the cost

Target for 2015, 10 GW

Biomass comprehensive utilization as a symbol of green living in rural area of Shaanxi

nuclear power
China is actively promoting nuclear power as a clean and efficient source of electricity generation. China’s government forecasts that over 70 GW will be generated by 2020, about 6% of total energy. As of 2012, China has 16 operating reactors, 26 new nuclear power plants under construction.

Wind power

Cost comparison across energy sources

Sustainable Energy Policies

Priorities
?Promote clean use of fossil energies
?Mining coal with high efficiency and safety ?Developing power plants with high efficiency and clean production ?Exploring unconventional oil/gas actively ?Enhancing energy transporting system

Sustainable Energy Policies Opportunities for international cooperation/investments
?Advanced technologies in clean energy development ?Advanced technologies in energy conservation, esp. in industrial sectors ?Advanced technologies in clean energy vehicles ?Energy service systems (smart grid, energy management contract, etc.) ?Capacity building (tech training, policy consulting, etc.)

Growth of China’s Energy Service Industry 2005-2010

Year

Revenue

Total Investment
30.6 63.3 114.6 253.2 360.4

EMC Project Investment
13.1 18.9 65.5 116.5 186.3 287.5

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

47.3 82.6 217.6 417.3 587.7 780.4

Unit: 100 million RMB. $1=6.8 RMB
Source: ESCO Committee of China’s Energy Conservation Association

Sustainable Energy Policies

Contact Ping He phe@ifce.org 202-822-2141, www.ifce.org


相关文章:
中国能源可持续政策-China's-sustainable-energy-polic....ppt
中国能源可持续政策-China's-sustainable-energy-policy - China’s Sustainable Energy Policy Ping He Ph.D. Int...
中国能源可持续政策 China's sustainable energy policy_图文_....ppt
中国能源可持续政策 China's sustainable energy policy_城乡/园林规划_工程科技_专业资料。China's sustainable energy policy China’s Sustainable Energy Policy ...
2018年中国能源政策调整方向及重点研判.pdf
PJI政策研究》 OLICYRESEARCH 201 8年中国能源政策...keypointsofChinaSenergypolicyin2018GUOHaitao,...
欧盟能源政策特点及对中国能源政策和西部开发的借鉴意....doc
论文认为,能源政策的核心必须放到可持续这个 基点上,...energy policy in making China’s energy policy. ...1 Sustainable development Developing the West Part ...
中国能源战略调整和能源政策优化研究.pdf
A 中国能源战略调整和能源政策优化研究 林伯强 (厦门大学中国能源经济研究中心,福建厦门361005)Researchon ChinaSEnergyStrategies Adjustment’ and EnergyPolicy...
中国能源战略调整和能源政策优化研究.pdf
中国能源战略调整和能源政策优化研究_能源/化工_工程科技_专业资料。中国能源战略...s Energy Policy Optimization LIN Bo-qiang (China Energy Economics Research ...
2016年中国能源政策调整方向及重点研判.pdf
P l政策研究》 oUCYRESEARCH 201 6年中国能源政策调整方向及重点研判 郭海涛 ...orientationandkeypointsofChinaSenergypolicyin2016 (China University of...
中国能源可持续发展的思考.doc
中国能源可持续发展的思考 - 中国能源可持续发展的思考 Thoughts on the sustainable development of China Energy 学号: 201139...
中国促进可再生能源政策与未来发展展望_图文.ppt
中国促进可再生能源政策与 未来发展展望 Chinas Renewable Energy Policy ...to achieve the sustainable development China RE Medium and long-term Planning...
经济危机下的中国能源发展调整_图文.ppt
energy policy 中国能源发展的调整 Adjustment of China’s energy development ...提供可持续能源保障 Secure sustainable energy supply 技术是关键 Technology is ...
中国能源可持续发展评价指标体系构建与初步评价_图文.pdf
研究与探讨 Research and Approach 中国能源可持续...China's energy sustainable development, which is ...ifiably, which supports the strategic policy-...
徘徊的中国能效政策 采取什么行动_图文.ppt
徘徊的中国能效政策 采取什么行动_能源/化工_工程科技_专业资料。Chinas Energy Efficiency Policy at a Crossroads: What is to be Done? 徘徊的中国能效...
中国的能源分布、走向和对策.doc
能源消耗 资源分布 能源发展战略 碳排放 能源政策...sustainable development.How to use the energy more...利用,为我国经济的全面可持续发展带来了不利的影响...
可持续发展与中国能源法制建设.pdf
关键词: 可持续发展; 能源开发; 法制建设 Abstract: China s energy and energy legal construction are advancing along the road of sustainable development . ...
当前我国能源消费形式分析.doc
我国实行能源可持续发 展提出的建议。 关键词 ...The implementation of China's energy sustainable ...20~23g/kWh,比进口超临界机组高 28~39.5g/kWh...
中英双语-中国能源战略白皮书.doc
系,以能源可持续发展支持经济社会的可持续发展。 The basic themes of China's energy strategy are...two promote each other for sustainable development....
能源安全与可持续发展.doc
China's energy development strategy on the idea,...Key words:energy security sustainable development 一...中国 经济社会持续快速发展,离不开有力的能源保障....
能源工程与节能技术论文.doc
我国能源可持续发展现状 On the sustainable development of the status quo of China's energy 【摘要】 在回顼我国能源技术政策展的基础上,对我国的...
对中国能源战略对策的评论0509美国国家可再生能源实验室.pdf
日本文得到中国可持续能源项目资助 Evaluation of Chinas Energy Strategy ...China Sustainable Energy Program 1 本研究得到能源基金会、大卫与露茜尔派克德...
中国能源状况与发展对策.pdf
阐明了中国能源结构中以煤炭为主的能源格局在未来中国能源政策制定方面的制约作用...China will be an influential factor for t he energy policy in a long ...