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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

Chapter 01 Introduction to Operations Management

True / False Questions 1. Operations managers are responsible for assessing consumer wants and needs and selling and promoting the organization's goods or services. FALSE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

2. Often, the collective success or failure of companies' operations functions will impact the ability of a nation to compete with other nations. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 1 Taxonomy: Knowledge

3. Companies are either producing goods or delivering services. This means that only one of the two types of operations management strategies are used. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Application

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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

4. Operations, marketing, and finance function independently of each other in most organizations. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 2 Taxonomy: Knowledge

5. The greater the degree of customer involvement, the more challenging the design and management of operations. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Application

6. Goods producing organizations are not involved in service activities FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

7. Service operations require additional inventory because of the unpredictability of consumer demand. FALSE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

8. The value of outputs is measured by the prices customers are willing to pay for goods or services. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

9. The use of models will guarantee the best possible decisions. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Synthesis

10. People who work in the field of operations should have skills that include both knowledge and people skills. TRUE

AACSB: RT Difficulty: Medium TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Synthesis

11. Assembly lines achieved productivity but at the expense of standard of living. FALSE

AACSB: RT Difficulty: Hard TLO: 7 Taxonomy: Synthesis

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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

12. The operations manager has primary responsibility for making operations system design decisions, such as system capacity and location of facilities. FALSE

Difficulty: Hard TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

13. The word "technology" is used only to refer to 'information technology'. FALSE

AACSB: UIT Difficulty: Easy TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

14. ‘Value added' by definition is always a positive number since 'added' implies increases. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Synthesis

15. Service often requires greater labor content, whereas manufacturing is more capital intensive. TRUE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-4

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

16. Measurement of productivity in service is more straightforward than in manufacturing since it is not necessary to take into account the cost of materials. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Synthesis

17. Special-purpose technology is a common way of offering increased customization in manufacturing or services without taking on additional labor costs. FALSE

AACSB: RT Difficulty: Hard TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Synthesis

18. One method of classifying production systems is the degree of standardization. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

19. Most people encounter operations only in profit-making organizations. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

20. Service involves a much higher degree of customer contact than manufacturing. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

21. A systems approach emphasizes interrelationships among subsystems, but its main theme is that the whole is greater than the sum of its individual parts. TRUE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

22. The Pareto phenomenon is one of the most important and pervasive concepts that can be applied at all levels of management. TRUE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

23. Operations managers, who usually use quantitative approaches, are not really concerned with ethical decision-making. FALSE

AACSB: EU Difficulty: Medium TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Synthesis

24. The optimal solutions produced by quantitative techniques should always be evaluated in terms of the larger framework. TRUE

AACSB: RT Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Application

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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

25. Managers should most often rely on quantitative techniques for important decisions since quantitative approaches result in more accuratedecisions. FALSE

Difficulty: Hard TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Synthesis

26. Many operations management decisions can be described as tradeoffs. TRUE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

27. A systems approach means that we concentrate on efficiency within a subsystem and thereby assure overall efficiency. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Synthesis

28. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, goods were produced primarily by craftsmen or their apprentices using custom made parts. TRUE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 7 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-7

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

29. Elton Mayo's "Hawthorne Experiment" was the focal point of the Human Relations Movement, which emphasized the importance of the human element in job design. TRUE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 7 Taxonomy: Knowledge

30. Among Ford's many contributions was the introduction of mass production, using the concept of interchangeable parts and division of labor. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 7 Taxonomy: Knowledge

31. Operations management and marketing are the two functional areas that exist to support activities in other functions such as accounting, finance, IT and human resources. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 2 Taxonomy: Synthesis

32. Lean production systems incorporate the advantages of both mass production and craft production. TRUE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

33. As an abstraction of reality, a model is a simplified version of a real phenomenon. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

34. Lean production systems use a highly skilled work force and flexible equipment. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

35. The lean production philosophy has been slow to be adopted in service industries. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

36. Operations Management activities will be less important in the future because many firms are becoming service-oriented operations rather than goods producing operations. FALSE

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Synthesis

37. A modern firm has two supply chain considerations – external links with suppliers and customers, and an internal network of flows to and between the operations function itself. TRUE

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

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Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

Multiple Choice Questions 38. Operations management involves continuous decision-making; hopefully most decisions made will be: A. redundant B. minor in nature C. informed D. quantitative E. none of the above

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

39. A 'product package' consists of: A. the exterior wrapping B. the shipping container C. a combination of goods and services D. goods if a manufacturing organization E. customer relations if a service organization

AACSB: RT Difficulty: Medium TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

40. Business organizations consist of three major functions which, ideally: A. support one another B. are mutually exclusive C. exist independently of each other D. function independently of each other E. do not interface with each other

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 2 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-10

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

41. Which of the following is not a type of operations? A. goods production B. storage/transportation C. entertainment D. communication E. all the above involve operations

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 1 Taxonomy: Knowledge

42. Technology choices seldom affect: A. costs. B. productivity. C. union activity. D. quality. E. flexibility.

AACSB: UIT Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Application

43. Measurements taken at various points in the transformation process for control purposes are called: A. plans B. directions C. controls D. feedback E. budgets

Difficulty: Hard TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-11

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

44. Budgeting, analysis of investment proposals, and provision of funds are activities associated with the _______ function. A. operation B. marketing C. purchasing D. finance E. internal audit

Difficulty: Easy TLO: 2 Taxonomy: Knowledge

45. Which one of the following would not generally be classified under the heading of transformation? A. assembling B. teaching C. staffing D. farming E. consulting

Difficulty: Hard TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Synthesis

46. Manufacturing work sent to other countries is called: A. downsized B. outsourced C. internationalization D. vertical integration E. entrepreneurial ship

AACSB: MD Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-12

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

47. Product design and process selection are examples of decisions that are: A. financial B. tactical C. system design D. system operation E. forecasting

Difficulty: Hard TLO: 5 Taxonomy: Knowledge

48. The responsibilities of the operations manager are: A. planning, organizing, staffing, procuring, and reviewing B. planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling C. forecasting, designing, planning, organizing, and controlling D. forecasting, designing, operating, procuring, and reviewing E. designing and operating

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

49. Knowledge skills usually don't include: A. process knowledge B. accounting skills C. communication skills D. global knowledge E. all of the above

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Synthesis

1-13

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

50. Which of the following is not true about systems approach? A. A systems viewpoint is almost always beneficial in decision making. B. A systems approach emphasizes interrelationships among subsystems. C. A systems approach concentrates on efficiency within subsystems. D. A systems approach is essential whenever something is being redesigned or improved. E. All of the above are true.

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Synthesis

51. What is credited with gains in industrial productivity, increased standards of living and affordable products? A. personal computers B. the internet C. mass transportation D. assembly lines E. multi-level marketing

AACSB: EU Difficulty: Hard TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

52. Production systems with customized outputs typically have relatively: A. high volumes of output B. low unit costs C. high amount of specialized equipment D. fast work movement E. skilled workers

Difficulty: Hard TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-14

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

53. Which is not a significant difference between manufacturing and service operations? A. cost per unit B. uniformity of output C. labor content of jobs D. customer contact E. measurement of productivity

AACSB: AS Difficulty: Hard TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

54. Which of the following is not a characteristic of service operations? A. intangible output B. high customer contact C. high labor content D. easy measurement of productivity E. low uniformity of output

AACSB: AS Difficulty: Medium TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

55. Which of the following is a recent trend in business? A. pollution control B. total quality management C. supply chain management D. competition from foreign manufacturers E. technological change

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-15

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

56. Farming is an example of: A. an obsolete activity B. a virtual organization C. non-manufactured goods D. a growth industry E. customized manufacturing

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 3 Taxonomy: Knowledge

57. Dealing with the fact that certain aspects of any management situation are more important than others is called: A. analysis of tradeoffs B. sensitivity analysis C. recognition of priorities D. analysis of variance E. decision table analysis

AACSB: RT Difficulty: Hard TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

58. The fact that a few improvements in a few key areas of operations will have more impact than many improvements in many other areas is consistent with the: A. Irwin phenomenon B. Pareto phenomenon C. Stevenson phenomenon D. Tellier phenomenon E. Adam Smith phenomenon

AACSB: AS Difficulty: Medium TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-16

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

59. The process of comparing outputs to previously established standards to determine if corrective action is needed is called: A. planning B. directing C. controlling D. budgeting E. disciplining

Difficulty: Hard TLO: 4 Taxonomy: Knowledge

60. Which of the following does not relate to system design? A. altering the system capacity B. location of facilities C. inventory management D. selection and acquisition of equipment E. physical arrangement of departments

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 5 Taxonomy: Knowledge

61. Taking a systems viewpoint with regard to operations in today's environment increasingly leads decision-makers to consider ______________ in response to the ____________. A. flexibility; pressure to be more efficient B. offshoring; need to promote domestic production C. sustainability; threat of global warming D. technology; impact of random variation E. forecasting; stabilization of demand

AACSB: EU Difficulty: Hard TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-17

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

62. Some companies attempt to maximize the revenue they receive from fixed operating capacity by influencing demands through price manipulation. This is an example of _________________: A. Illegal price discrimination B. Collusion C. Volume analysis D. Revenue management E. Outsourcing

AACSB: EU Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

63. Which of the following is not an ongoing trend in manufacturing? A. globalization B. quality improvement C. flexibility and agility D. mass production for greater economies of scale E. technological advances

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

64. Which of the following is not a benefit of using models in decision making? A. They provide a standardized format for analyzing a problem. B. They serve as a consistent tool for evaluation. C. They are easy to use and less expensive than dealing with the actual situation. D. All of the above are benefits. E. None of the above is a benefit.

AACSB: CA Difficulty: Hard TLO: 6 Taxonomy: Synthesis

1-18

Chapter 01 - Introduction to Operations Management

65. Modern firms increasingly rely on other firms to supply goods and services instead of doing these tasks themselves. This increased level of _____________ is leading to increased emphasis on ____________ management. A. outsourcing; supply chain B. offshoring; lean C. downsizing; total quality D. optimizing; inventory E. internationalization; intercultural

Difficulty: Medium TLO: 8 Taxonomy: Knowledge

1-19


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