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名词性从句知识点整理


2015 届高三语法知识知识点复习专题

名词性从句 1)名词性从句的基本概念: 、 名词性从句相当于名词词组,在复合句中起名词性作用。 2)名词性从句的分类 主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位语从句 主语从句 (Whether he will attend our English Party tomorrow )remains unknown. 宾语从句 Tom gave me(what he thinks is most suitable for me). 表语从句 The most important thing for us now is(how we can get there on time.) 同位语从句 There is little evidence(that the seriously injured girl will completely recover.) 3)名词性从句的引导词 1)连接词:that, whether/ if; 2)关系代词 who(m), whose, what(ever), which(ever) 3) 关系副词:when, where, how, why. 4)名词性从句的做题步骤: (三步曲) 1)先用括号把名词性从句标注出来 2)分析括号当中的从句有没有缺成分(主语或者宾语) 3)缺成分:缺人:who(ever) 缺物:what (ever) 不缺成分:that, whether/ if; when, where, how, why. 注意一:同谓语从句是与先行词同位或同等的从句,先行词常为名词如 news, fact, truth, conclusion, hope, decision, belief, opinion, view, feeling, suggestion, proposal, etc. 注意:同位语从句前名词的数 Where did you get the idea that I could not come? Word came that China launched its first manned spaceship on Oct 15, 2003. 注意二:用形式主语 it 来引导主语从句 1、It + be + 名词 + that 从句 It is a fact that---事实上… It is a pity that---可惜的是… It is a shame that---…真是可耻 It is common knowledge that---毫不奇怪的是… 2、It + be + adj. + that 从句 It is certain that---很肯定… It is natural that---很自然… It is obvious that---很显然… 3、It + be + 过去分词 + that 从句 It is said that---据说… It is believed that---人们认为…
黄志琴 1

2015 届高三语法知识知识点复习专题

It is reported that---据报道… It has been proved that---…已证明 It is estimated that---据估计… 4、It + 动词 + that 从句 It seems that---好像是… It turned out that---结果… It occurred to me that---我想到… 注意三: 介词后面的宾语从句 that 通常不能跟在介词后面做宾语, 但是在介词 in, except, besides,之后可跟 that 从句。 in that (因为,在……方面),except that (除了), etc. I know nothing about the man except that he is an Indian. Criticism is necessary in that it helps to correct our mistakes. I am puzzled at __why________he stayed at home every day. 注意四:who 以及 whoever 的区别 Who (谁),whoever =anyone who( …的人) 1.________should be sent to go abroad is unknown. 2.__________breaks the law should be punished. 实例分析: 1. _____ is known to us all is that the 30th Olympic Games will take place in 2012 in London. 2_____ is known to us all that the 30th Olympic Games will take place in 2012 in London. 3. The question to be discussed is _______ we can make our efforts rewarded. 4. Best-selling author and race car driver Han Han offered a 20 million RMB reward to ________ could prove his works were ghostwritten(代笔) 5. He also starred in ______is called Snow White and the Huntsman. 6. I wonder__________ there is any need to spend so much money on the party. 7.I hope_______ you will enjoy your stay here.

黄志琴

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