当前位置:首页 >> 哲学 >>

Body language


Body language

Abstract: Body language is used by people for sending messages to one another. It is very useful because it can help you make yourself easily understood. When you are talking with others,you are not just using words but also using expressions and gestures. For example waving one's hand is to say “Good-bye.” , , A smile and handshake show welcome, and clapping hands means congratulations. Nodding the head means agreement, but shaking the head means disagreement. The gestures are accepted both by Chinese and foreigners as having the same meanings.(摘要中不必举例)

Key Words: Communicate,Use, Attention,How

摘要: 肢体语言是用来帮人们传递信息的肢体语言,非常有用,因为它可以使对方很容易地明白你自己的 意思。我们同别人谈话时,并不仅限于用言语来表达,我们还用表情和身体的动作来向对方表达要传递的 信息。例如:挥手表示“再见”,微笑和握手表示欢迎,拍手表示祝贺,点头表示同意,摇头表示不同意。 这些手势对说汉语的人和说英语的人来说,都具有相同的 意思。

关键词:沟通,用,注意,怎样做

Introduction In this essay, after borrowing and studying the experience of the forefathers, the author analyzes the various usages and functions of body language in different culture background. There are four parts of this paper. The first part is introduction, which mainly introduces the importance of body language. The second part is to talk about the term—body language briefly, including its concept and classification, general characteristics and the importance of knowing how we communicate. The third part is the most vital one,which mainly talks about several sorts of body language with lots of cases which embody the conflict in cross-cultural communication in detail including gestures, eye contact, facial expressions and posture. The fourth part is to talk about how to apply body language correctly? And the end. Using body language in a correct way will help communicate with people and make youeasy and comfortable with others PART 1.Knowing Body Language As a communicative tool, language is very important in many situations. However, body language also takes a complementary role to help people transfer information to improve communication, which will be an indispensable power to break up language obstacles in intercultural communication. In the 21st

century, as the economic and cultural exchanging of all countries becomes more and more frequent, there appear more obstacles caused by the differences of language and culture. In intercultural communication, one of the most useful ways to deal with the obstacles is to master the meaning of body language. However, even if we understand the meaning of some general body language, there are also some difficulties to master. Because even the same body language have great differences in different couture background. Using body languages wrongly not only makes you fail in interpersonal communications, which would cause conflict in international communication. So what are the differences of the same body language in different country? How to apply body language correctly? Many people know body language is very important in our daily life. But do you know what body language is? The dictionary gives this definition to 'body language': "The gestures, postures, and facial expressions by which a person manifests various physical, mental, or emotional states and communicates nonverbally with others." I have been interested in body language for years, and after reading a few books, all you need to know can be summarized in the following point: Body language is a form of communication. Whether you realize it or not, your body sends unmistakable signals to people around you. You do communicate volumes of information about yourself with your posture, face expression and position of your arms and legs. You do it all the time. In other words, before you even open your mouth, the people around you have already made a certain opinion about you - and as you know, first impressions last. Usually body language occurs unconsciously. Yet the body language we use decides to a large extent the quality of our communication. It follows that therefore it would be good to become conscious of our own and others' body language. We can learn to use our body language for a purpose. It is important to note that body language has different meanings in different cultures. How we can interpret body language depends on the situation, the culture, the relationship we have with the person as well as the gender of the other. This means that there is not one signal that has the same meaning all over the world. Body language is also interlinked with spoken language and a whole pattern of behaviour from a person. As well as that, various body language signs can complement each other to make a particular meaning crystal clear or strengthen the meaning of what we communicate. Nonverbal communication, composed of pictures, dresses, eye contact, spatial signals, gestures and so on, is as important as verbal communication.

PART 2. Body Language Around us An old saying goes: "actions speak louder than words." That's true according to communication experts. Some studies show that up to 90 percent of communication is nonverbal. Though you might you say one thing, your body movements may indicate something entirely different. This nonverbal way of communicating is called body language. Although we may not realize it when we talk with others we make ourselves understood not only by words. We send messages to the people around us also by expressions and body movements. Body movements and expressions make it easy to understand each other, we call it "body language ",which is a kind of communication, a kind of communication without words. A smile and handshake show

welcome ,Waving one's hand is to say"goodbye", nodding the head means agreement,while shaking it means disgreement .Putting up a hand means"May I ask a question?". Kissing means"love". Waving one's arms show happiness.These gestures are accepted both by Chinese and Americans as having the same meanings. Different culture has different ways of communication. Because culture influences communication, different country has different culture. So the way people in different countries communicate is different too. For example, Arab man often greet by kissing on both cheeks.In Japan men greet by bowing .In the Unite States, people shake hands to show"their greeting". And the gesture of putting a hand on a person' neck is different for Chinese and Americans. For Chinese,it is to say"someone will be killed". For Americans, it shows"I'm full” .And in Thailand, If you want to signal a person to come near, you should move the fingers back and forth with palm down. But in the United States, you ask someone to come by holding the palm up and moving the fingers towards our body. And crossing one's legs in the United States is a sign of being relaxed. But in Korea , it's not allowed. In Chinese, people hand everything with both hands to show their respect, but for Muslims,they think the left hand is unclean and do not eat or pass something with it. Because of special culture influences some counties, some body languages should attract our attention. In Turkey , putting one's hand in one's pockets is a sign of disrespect,In some Asican countries, you must not touch the head of another person. And in China, people don't kiss or hug each other ,except his\her lover. For an Arab, it is a good manners to stand close to his friend when they are talking, but for English people, they don't like to be close to one another. And in parts of Asia, you must not sit with your foot pointing at another person. The universal language While body language may differ from country to country, it is the universal language. We all use it even when we don't realize it. For example: Your friend comes to you with a problem, and you say you'd like to hear about it. But while she's talking, you look at your watch and around the room. Your body movements tell her that you're bored, distracted, in a hurry or all three. Your body language has given you away. The good news is we can all learn to use body language to our benefit. It just takes a little practice. Fom these exmples, we know the world is rich in body language, and the language is common in communication. All above show that it is important to know the meaning of gestures and movements in foreign country, foreigners should follow these customs, should learn their culture. So we can communicate with them in a correct way, not only by words, but also by body language. I think that it is important in our lives to show

II. On the Term ——Body Language

2.1 Concept and classification of body language Body language is known as non-verbal behavior which transmits information through gestures, actions and facial expressions. People communicate with each other by their body language in the ways

of nodding, waving, eye contacting, shrugging and so on. According to the research results of psychologists, these ways can express what the verbal language cannot directly. Body language can be divided into sight language, body touches language, posture and gesture, manner, facial expression, flavor language, proxemics and clothes language.

2.2 General characteristics of body language Some body languages are not only innate but also unconscious and subconscious. Take excited people for example, their pupil will dilate automatically; eyebrows move when greeting; frown when discontented; yawn when fatigued; bite teeth when anger and usually people smile when happy, cry when sad and blush when shame. However, other body languages are postnatal. Various peoples form unique body languages due to the language backgrounds of their living. The gesture of Britain and American man is totally different when they sit with their legs crossed. American likes shrugging, and they often do a forward body gesture when they speak in future tense. Cupped-hand salute is peculiar only in China, we use it in such cases: congratulate when happy get-together; extend one’s heartfelt respects when spend festivals; express heartfelt thanks and entrust in some special situations.

2.3 The importance of knowing how we communicate How we come across to someone is decided only for a small part by the words we speak. To leave a good impression behind, say at a job interview, it is important that we know, and to a certain extent can control, our body language. The person on the receiving end of our body language will have a feeling or impression that is often difficult to describe, difficult to put into words or difficult to prove what actually was communicated. Haven’t we all said at times: ‘I have a feeling he\she likes me’, or something like: ‘I doubt if what he\she is saying is really the truth’. This type of feeling is called intuition. Body language plays a big role in intuition as it gives us messages about the other person that we can interpret at an intuitive level. It is therefore necessary to get to know our own body language first. We should learn about it so that we can recognize it in others as well as in ourselves. For this purpose, we will describe all the different aspects of body language in the following parts. We can learn something from the different aspects of body language.

III Several Sorts of Body Language

3.1 Gestures Without gestures, our world would be static and colorless. The movements of our arms, hands, eyes, and feet constitute another important way in which we broadcast, interpersonal data. So we will talk about this subject more. In a very general sense, we all use gestures to reinforce an idea or to help describe something. When we say, “That’s an English book”, at the same time we are pointing to the book. If someone asks

us the way to the library, we point to the right, adding a little information about it, which will be more clear and concrete. We may literally roll up our sleeves when talking about cleaning up the room, run to meet the person we are eager to see, stand up when saying “We will go now.” We like to use our hands to indicate the dimensions when someone asks us to describe the size or shape of something. It seems natural to clench our first or perhaps even proud the lectern to let everyone realize the importance of our message when trying to communicate a strong feeling, which emphasizes our words. In classroom, it is unnecessarily stand in front of the blackboard for the teacher at the whole time. The teacher may move from behind the lectern when they wait to be informed; move to the right or left when making a major point so that they can communicate with students very well and enhance his or her teaching quality. However, exaggerated body movement, we should say, can cause harm, too, just as a saying goes, “Going too far is as bad as not going far enough.” This teacher must avoid overdone movement because it can be so distracting, to the students that it loses track of what the teacher is saying. Some of us have such feeling, that is, in a class or speech, we become more interested in the speaker’s motion than we do in the speaker’s message when we see the speaker pace and forth in front of us. At last we just remember the movement of the speaker, but get nothing about the information. The same is true in any context. “If a body movement distracts from the idea, it is damaging.”(朱迪, 1987.) Of course, there are also many other gestures, for instance, head movement; shaking the head or nodding. Perhaps we learn those gestures and movements at an early age, and probably use and interpret them almost without thinking. Gestures and body language communicate as effectively as words- maybe even more effectively. We use gestures daily, almost instinctively, from beckoning to a waiter, or punctuating a business presentation with visual signals to airport ground attendants guiding an airline pilot into the jet way or a parent using a whole dictionary of gestures to teach (or preach to) a child. (Samovar L. A., 1981). Gestures are woven inextricably into our social lives, but also that the "vocabulary" of gestures, can be at once informative and entertaining... but also dangerous. Gestures can be menacing (two drivers on a freeway), warm (an open-armed welcome), instructive (a police man giving road directions), or even sensuous (the liquid movement of a Hawaiian hula dancer). Bear in mind that the following gestures are in general use, but there may always be exceptions. In recent years, Western and contemporary values and ideas have become more popular and has either influenced, altered, and even replaced, some of the more traditional gestures, understanding human behavior is tricky stuff. No two people behave in precisely the same way. Nor do people from the same culture all perform exactly the same gestures and body language uniformly.

PART 4 How to apply body language correctly? 18 point:

Although we may not realize it, when we talk with others we make ourselves understood not just by words. So please attention to those :

1. Don’t cross your arms or legs – You have probably already heard you shouldn’t cross your arms as it might make you seem defensive or guarded. This goes for your legs too. Keep your arms and legs open. 2. Have eye contact, but don’t stare – If there are several people you are talking to, give them all some eye contact to create a better connection and see if they are listening. Keeping too much eye-contact might creep people out. Giving no eye-contact might make you seem insecure. If you are not used to keeping eye-contact it might feel a little hard or scary in the beginning but keep working on it and you’ll get used to it. 3. Don’t be afraid to take up some space – Taking up space by for example sitting or standing with your legs apart a bit signals self-confidence and that you are comfortable in your own skin. 4. Relax your shoulders – When you feel tense it’s easily winds up as tension in your shoulders. They might move up and forward a bit. Try to relax. Try to loosen up by shaking the shoulders a bit and move them back slightly. 5. Nod when they are talking – nod once in a while to signal that you are listening. But don’t overdo it and peck like Woody Woodpecker. 6. Don’t slouch, sit up straight – but in a relaxed way, not in a too tense manner. 7. Lean, but not too much – If you want to show that you are interested in what someone is saying, lean toward the person talking. If you want to show that you’re confident in yourself and relaxed lean back a bit. But don’t lean in too much or you might seem needy and desperate for some approval. Or lean back too much or you might seem arrogant and distant. 8. Smile and laugh – lighten up, don’t take yourself too seriously. Relax a bit, smile and laugh when someone says something funny. People will be a lot more inclined to listen to you if you seem to be a positive person. But don’t be the first to laugh at your own jokes, it makes you seem nervous and needy. Smile when you are introduced to someone but don’t keep a smile plastered on your face, you’ll seem insincere. 9. Don’t touch your face – it might make you seem nervous and can be distracting for the listeners or the people in the conversation. 10. Keep you head up - Don’t keep your eyes on the ground, it might make you seem insecure and a bit lost. Keep your head up straight and your eyes towards the horizon. 11. Slow down a bit – this goes for many things. Walking slower not only makes you seem more calm and confident, it will also make you feel less stressed. If someone addresses you, don’t snap you’re neck in their direction, turn it a bit more slowly instead. 12. Don’t fidget – try to avoid, phase out or transform fidgety movement and nervous ticks such as shaking your leg or tapping your fingers against the table rapidly. You’ll seem nervous and fidgeting can be a distracting when you try to get something across. Declutter your movements if you are all over the place. Try to relax, slow down and focus your movements. 13. Use your hands more confidently – instead of fidgeting with your hands and scratching your face use them to communicate what you are trying to say. Use your hands to describe something or to

add weight to a point you are trying to make. But don’t use them to much or it might become distracting. And don’t let your hands flail around, use them with some control. 14. Lower your drink – don’t hold your drink in front of your chest. In fact, don’t hold anything in front of your heart as it will make you seem guarded and distant. Lower it and hold it beside your leg instead. 15. Realise where you spine ends – many people (including me until recently) might sit or stand with a straight back in a good posture. However, they might think that the spine ends where the neck begins and therefore crane the neck forward in a Montgomery Burns-pose. Your spine ends in the back of your head. Keep you whole spine straight and aligned for better posture. 16. Don’t stand too close –one of the things we learned from Seinfeld is that everybody gets weirded out by a close-talker. Let people have their personal space, don’t invade it. 17. Mirror - Often when you get along with a person, when the two of you get a good connection, you will start to mirror each other unconsciously. That means that you mirror the other person’s body language a bit. To make the connection better you can try a bit of proactive mirroring. If he leans forward, you might lean forward. If she holds her hands on her thighs, you might do the same. But don’t react instantly and don’t mirror every change in body language. Then weirdness will ensue. 18. Keep a good attitude – last but not least, keep a positive, open and relaxed attitude. How you feel will come through in your body language and can make a major difference. For information on how make yourself feel better read 10 ways to change how you feel and for relaxation try A very simple way to feel relaxed for 24 hours. You can change your body language but as all new habits it takes a while. Especially things like keeping you head up might take time to correct if you have spent thousands of days looking at your feet. And if you try and change to many things at once it might become confusing and feel overwhelming. Take a couple of these body language bits to work on every day for three to four weeks. By then they should have developed into new habits and something you’ll do without even thinking about it. If not, keep on until it sticks. Then take another couple of things you’d like to change and work on them.

Using body language in a correct way will help communicate with people and make you<with others>easy and comfortable.(正确地运用身势语有助于同人们进行交际,并使 你<和他人>感到轻松而愉快。)


相关文章:
Body-language课件_图文.ppt
Body-language课件 - Body Language ? What is the purpose of language? To communicate with each o...
book4unit4 body_language_language_points_图文.ppt
book4unit4 body_language_language_points - Language Points 1 statement n.陈述,声明,表达 make a (publi...
必修4 Unit4 Body language 比赛课件_图文.ppt
必修4 Unit4 Body language 比赛课件_理学_高等教育_教育专区。必修4 Unit4 Body language 比赛课件 Unit 4 Body Language Warming Up What is the purpose of ...
必修4_Unit4_Body_language_reading_图文.ppt
必修4_Unit4_Body_language_reading - Unit 4 Ⅰ.词汇与派生 Body language 基础落实 1.adult [′?d?lt] n.& adj.成...
必修四unit 4 body language课文翻译.doc
标签: body| 课文| 必修四unit 4 body language课文
body language 肢体语言_图文.ppt
标签: 肢体语言| body| body language 肢体语言_高中作文_高中教育_教育专区。body language and non-verbal conmunication M odul e 3 B ody Language & Non...
必修四 unit4 bodylanguage 全单元 很不错_图文.ppt
Unit4 Body Language Grammar Grammar V-in
人教版高中英语必修四Unit 4《Body language》ppt课件_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修四Unit 4《Body language》ppt课件_英语_高中教育_教育专区。How did Mr. Bean show his feelings? A.By spoken language B.By written ...
Body language教学设计.doc
Body language教学设计 - 《Body language》教学设计
body language_图文.ppt
body language - BODY LANGUAGE Outline of
Unit 8 Body language in communication_图文.ppt
Unit 8 Body language in communication_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。UNIT 8 Body Language in Communication UNIT EIGHT Back Next How do we communicate with ...
高二英语body language教案.doc
高二英语body language教案 - Unit21 body language Period1 Teaching aims and demands 1. Train the Ss’ lis...
Body language教案_图文.doc
Body language教案 - Unit4 Body Language Re
必修4 body language教学设计.doc
人教版高中英语必修四 Unit 4 Body Language (教案) 指导教
Body Language in different countries.ppt
Body Language in different countries_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Body Language in different countries Something about nonverbal communication Nick 2015/5/...
2014年深圳八年级下新版第二单元Body language.doc
2014年深圳八年级下新版第二单元Body language_英语_初中教育_教育专区。2014年深圳英语新版八年级第二单元body language 课文精讲,重点单词,常考短语,以及习题的...
Body language-Grammar课件.ppt
Body language-Grammar课件_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档Body language-Grammar课件_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 4 Read the ...
2014 初二下 unit2 body language 语法复习.doc
2014 初二下 unit2 body language 语法复习 - Unit2 body language 语法复习 温故知新:动词不定式 动词不定式做主语 动词不定式的基本形式为“to+...
body language论文.doc
Body language 湖南~~~~学院语言学导论期末论文 Body language in cross-cultural communication 学部: 班级: 姓名: 外国语学部 英本!!!!! 赖雅 1 Body ...
body_language_图文.ppt
body_language - Body Language What is body language? ◆Body language is actions. ◆Body language ...
更多相关标签: