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试卷B_物流专业英语(3)

__________大学 2012~2013 学年第____学期 《物流专业英语》模拟试卷 (二)
座位号 考试说明。 1、本试卷为闭卷考试 2、试卷中所有试题的答案均写在答题纸上 3、总分:100 分,考试时间:120 分钟 题 号 分 数 一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 总分 阅卷人签字 班级

I.
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8)

术语翻译(本大题共 30 个小题,每小题 0.5 分,共 15 分)
(一)英译汉部分 retail outlet 零售网点 production and distribution 生产及配送 raw materials 原材料 semi-finished goods 半成品 finished goods 成品 physical distribution 实物配送 recycling 回收 route forecasts 线路预测 (二)汉译英部分 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 安全储备 security reserves 临时储存 temporary storage 再加工 reprocessing 散货流转 bulk movements, 多点流转 multi-drop movement 零担载货 part loads

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15) 多种零担载货 multi-part loads.

II.

完成下列句子(本大题共 15 个小题,每小题 1 分,共 15 分)

16) Transport is often place-oriented while distribution is _______________________ (面 向客户的). (customer-oriented) 17) In practice, the logistics distribution mode varies with operator, _______________________ (产品的性质), location, and other factors. (nature of product) 18) Even the same DC may simultaneously adopt _______________________(若干有区 别的配送模式)as per the specific situations. (a number of differentiated distribution modes) 19) The term ‘movement’ refers to the _______________________(规划、监督和控制) of the movement of goods and people. (planning, monitoring and controlling) 20) Such movements exist through all the stages of the journey _______________________ (在起点和最终目的地之间) including any interchange, , documentation processing, temporary accommodation and the procurement of the means of transport. (between origin and ultimate destination) 21) This will save time and money, make the operation more profitable, and help _______________________(最小化任何潜在的有害影响)on the environment. (minimize any potentially harmful effects) 22) _______________________(集中控制)means that sufficient information is available for the right decisions to be made promptly and the resources are available for carrying out the decisions. (Centralized control) 23) In order to do this, the operator has to keep traffic moving without unnecessary checks and _______________________ ( 避 免 堵 塞 ) at bottlenecks, transfer points and terminals. (avoid congestion) 24) Failure to maintain an even flow will result in _______________________(延长行车 时间)and turn-round and inefficient use of transport resources. (extended journey times) 25) Maximum utilization is achieved by a series of techniques: such as loading a unit of transport _______________________(达到其最大允许容量). (to its maximum permissible capacity) 26) All of this must be consistent with the requirements of safety, adequate crew rest, _______________________(遵守速度和载货规定)and fuel efficiency. (compliance with speed and load regulations

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27) This unit deals with three such categories: bulk movements, _______________________ ( 多 点 式 运 输 ) and multi-part loads. (multi-drop movement) 28) Typically bulk movements are of _______________________ 低价值商品) ( which can be moved at low cost, usually with no great urgency. ( low-value commodities) 29) The exceptions include road delivery of_______________________(专业燃油)and raw materials, for example heating oils and food ingredients. (specialist fuels) 30) Such bulk commodities can be dangerous goods, and therefore require _______________________(搬运方面的专门技术). (expertise in handling)

III.

用动词的适当形式填空(本大题共 10 个小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)

31) As with rail and air transport, large sums of money have to __________(spend) on maintenance and control of traffic through the seaway. (be spent) 32) These costs have to __________(add) to the operator’s own high costs. (be added) 33) Sea transport __________(outdo) other forms of transport in terms of safety and cost-efficiency. (outdoes) 34) Smaller non-urgent goods can __________(put) into containers for shipping in bulk. (be put) 35) Costing is the process of __________(analyze) the costs and benefits of different options. (analyzing) 36) Costing is often __________ (refer) to as ‘cost-benefit analysis (CBA)’. (referred) 37) The prime purpose of costing is to show the total cost of the service __________(render), and to analyze the composition of that cost. (rendered) 38) The managers want to know how much it costs to __________(transport) a single passenger on the basis of per mile of travel.(transport) 39) Indirect costs are costs __________(incur) incurred when running a business, ie advertising, telephones, office staff salaries, heat and light, insurance on products, etc. (incurred) 40) Fixed costs may __________ (not affect) by mileage or vehicle activity. (not be affected)

IV.

概念解释(本大题共 10 个小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分)

41) What is VMI? VMI (Vendor Managed Inventory) is a means of optimizing Supply Chain performance

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42)

43)

44)

45)

46)

47)

48)

in which the manufacturer is responsible for maintaining the distributor’s inventory levels. The manufacturer has access to the distributor’s inventory data and is responsible for generating purchase orders. What is bonded logistics? Bonded logistics refers to a range of special operations often conducted in a warehouse or other secured area in which dutiable goods may be stored, manipulated, or undergo manufacturing operations without payment of duty. It may be managed by the state or by private enterprise. What is JIT? Just in Time or JIT method creates the movement of material into a specific location at the required time, i.e. just before the material is needed in the manufacturing process. What is green logistics? Green Logistics is a supply chain management strategy that reduces the environmental and energy footprint of freight distribution. It focuses on material handling, waste management, packaging and transport. What is a 4PL Provider? 什么是 4PL? Fourth Party Logistics, or 4PL, is the shared sourcing in supply chain spanning activity with a client and select teaming partner, under the direction of a 4PL integrator. What is Integrated logistics support? Integrated logistics support (ILS) is an integrated and iterative process for developing material and a support strategy that optimizes functional support, leverages existing resources, and guides the system engineering process to lower life cycle cost and decrease the logistics footprint (demand for logistics), making the system easier to support. What is City Logistics? City Logistics is the process for totally optimizing the logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of advanced information systems in urban areas considering the traffic environment, its congestion, safety and energy savings within the framework of a market economy. What is ICT? ICT, short for ‘information and communication technology’, is the use of electronic processing media for the collection, analysis and evaluation of data, and the transfer of information from one point to another.

49) What is EDI? 什么是 EDI? Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) refers to the structured transmission of data between organizations by electronic means. It is used to transfer electronic documents from one computer system to another, i.e. from one trading partner to another trading partner. It

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is more than mere E-mail; for instance, organizations might replace bills of lading and even checks with appropriate EDI messages. 50) What is e-business? E-business, or e-commerce, refers to the processing of business transactions via electronic means and with digitalized data. This data can be texts, images, sound, video or the combination thereof, which are transmitted over either open networks like the World Wide Web, or over closed networks like the Intranet and Extranet.

V.

英译汉(本大题共 5 个小题,每小题 2 分,共 10 分)
51) Supply chain management has seen a large shift in recent years from the use of in-house logistics operations to the use of third party logistics providers. 供应链管理 近年来见证了从使用内部物流作业到使用第三方物流提供商的巨大转变。 52) However, as global supply chains have developed and supply chains have become more complex, a further option for companies has been the ability to make use of fourth party logistics providers (4PL). 但是随着全球供应链的发展及其变得更复杂,公司 的另一个可选方案就是利用第四方物流(4PL)的能力。 53) In essence, the Fourth Party Logistics provider is a supply chain integrator that assembles and manages the resources, capabilities, and technology of its own organization with those of complementary service providers to deliver a comprehensive supply chain solution. 本质上讲,第四方物流供应商是一个供应链的集成商,它对 公司内部和具有互补性的服务供应商所拥有的不同资源、能力和技术能进行整合 和管理,并提供一整套供应链解决方案。 54) We may well say that 4PL is an arrangement in which a firm contracts out (outsources) its logistics operations to two or more specialist firm (third party logistics) and then hires another specialist firm (the fourth party) to coordinate the activities of the third parties. 我们完全可以说 4PL 是这样一种安排:公司把其物流作业发包(外包)给 两个以上的专业化公司(第三方物流) ,然后再雇佣另一家专业化公司(第四方) 来协调这些第三方公司的活动。 55) Where the third party logistics provider (3PL) specializes in the operational element of supply chain management, the fourth party logistics provider acts effectively as a supply chain consulting company. 当第三方物流(3PL)提供商专注于供应链的操 作要素时,第四方物流提供商则充当一个高效的供应链咨询公司。

VI.

汉译英(本大题共 5 个小题,每小题 3 分,共 15 分) 5 / 11

56) 它旨在形成并建立起在系统寿命内来完成、 恢复并维护其作业能力的要求及任务。 It is conducted to evolve and establish requirements and tasks for achieving, restoring, and maintaining the operational capability for the life of the system. 57) 维持活动主要依靠维修分析水平(LORA)作为系统采购过程的一项功能。 Maintenance planning relies on Level of Repair Analysis (LORA) as a function of the system acquisition process. 58) 支持性及测试性设备包括按要求来从事支持性功能的所有设备, 移动的及固定的, 作为系统本身不可分割的一部分的那类设备除外。Support and test equipment includes all equipment, mobile and fixed, that is required to perform the support functions, except that equipment which is an integral part of the system. 59) 特殊检验设备以及库房维护设备包括用来装配、拆卸、测试、维护最终物品和部 件、并对其进行支持性生产维修和库房维修的所有设备及工具。Special inspection equipment and depot maintenance equipment includes all equipment and tools required to assemble, disassemble, test, maintain, and support the production and/or depot repair of end items or components. 60) 人力与人员是指识别并获得具有某些技能和级别的人员,他们需按要求在系统的 生命周期内对其进行操作与维护。Manpower and personnel involves identification and acquisition of personnel with skills and grades required to operate and maintain a system over its lifetime.

VII. 物流作业程序描述(本大题共 1 个小题,每小题 5 分,共 5 分)
61) What are the main aspects which are involved in reverse logistics? Reverse logistics mainly involve the following five aspects: handling of returned items, reuse, resale, recycle, and refuse disposal.

VIII. 物流作业图形识别(本大题共 1 个小题,每小题 10 分,共 10 分)
62) Mark the Chinese equivalent of the terms in the following diagram.

A green logistics solution chart

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备用部分:
63) 64) 65) 66) 67) 68) 69) 70) 71) 72) 73) 74) 75) 76) 77) 78) 79) 80) 81) 82) 83) 84) 85) 86) 87) 88) 89) 90) 91) 92) 93) 94) 95) 96) 97) 98) e-based vendor quotation system infinitely open nodes of logistics 电子商务供应商报价系统 无限开放 物流节点 动态调配能力 个性化 灵活性 物流状况 社会化 全球化 信息流 商流 金流 dynamic scheduling capacity individuality flexibility the status of logistic socialization globalization information flow business flow finance flow 组织货源 source goods 末端递送服务 干线运输 末端运输 在运营商的范围内 以地点为导向的 以客户为导向的 配送能力 配送驱动型服务 永久性结构 货物库房 基础设施

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99) 客流 100) 在高峰期 101) 前者和后者 102) 缺乏所需的运能 103) 具有速度方面的优势 104) 高效和平稳的办理… 105) 收回成本 106) permanent structure 107) goods depot 108) infrastructure 109) passenger flow 110) at peak hours 111) the former and the latter 112) to lack the capacity needed 113) to have the advantage of speed 114) efficient and secure handling of 115) to recover the cost 116) departing passengers 117) arriving passengers 118) time-sensitive traffic 119) airport tax 120) 121) The bulk freight business for many commodities is easy and cheap to enter, and so is highly competitive, especially on cost. 122) A particular problem with transport is that it cannot be stored; it is ‘instantly perishable’ or non-storable. 123) Let the vehicle depart with empty seats (excess capacity), which means loss of income from unsold seats 124) The operator of a container vessel cannot cancel its passage simply because it does not have a full cargo load. 125)

126) 127) In transport fixed costs are often referred to as ‘standing costs’, which exist whether the vehicles move or not, eg house rent and insurance. 128) As the name suggests, production material control is concerned with materials used

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in producing the products. The cost of such materials is a large item in the accounts of manufacturing companies. It would be difficult for a business to make profits if careful control is not exercised at all stages. This involves the control of materials flow through the systematic planning and control of all materials. 129) Production planning is a direct output of the business planning process. It involves the planning of all the resources and operations required for successful production. This includes the requirements for parts and materials; for each item required, decisions are necessary as to size of the requirement, the time to place the order and the quantity.

130) Manpower requirements are developed and personnel assignments are made to meet support demands throughout the life cycle of the system. 人力与人员 131) 需开发出人力要求并制订出人员分配计划,以便能在系统的生命周期内达到 支持性需求。 132) This element includes resources and procedures to ensure that all equipment and support items are preserved, packaged, packed, marked, handled, transported, and stored properly for short and long-term requirements. 133) 包装、搬运、储存及运输(PHS&T) 134) 这个要素包括资源和程序,用来确保所有设备及支持项目得以恰当地按短期 及长期要求来保存、包装、打包、标记、搬运、运输并储存。 135) Cities are the main locations of business activities. Hence they play an important role in economic development. However given the high concentrated development in urban areas, many cities have serious traffic problems and negative environmental impacts, such as noise and air pollution. This is the cost in both developing and developed countries. 城市是商业活动的主要地点。因此,它们在经济发展中起着 重要作用。然而考虑到城区的集中化发展,许多城市产生了严重的交通问题和负 面环境影响, 如噪声和空气污染。这是发展中国家和发达国家共同面临的成本。 136) These negative factors reduce the economic competitiveness of a city and make its life quality decline. The residents become the victims in the highly developed cities. The way to solve and balance the condition became a demanding issue in the recent years. 这些负面因素降低了城市的竞争力并使生活质量下降。居民成了高度发达 城市的牺牲品。解决并平衡这种情况的方法成了近年来的一个棘手的问题。 137) For instance, airfreight might be more expensive than land transport but the storage cost might be less. Thus in terms of total cost, airfreight might be the most reasonable transport mode for a particular transport purpose, for example, transport of fresh seafood. 譬如,货物空运会比地面运输更昂贵,但是储存成本较低。因此,就总 成本而言,对于特定的运输目的而言,货物空运可能是最合理的模式,如海鲜运

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输。 138) Before planning a City Logistics system, it is important to understand its elements. Generally speaking, there are four key stakeholders involved in urban freight transport: 在规划城市物流系统前,理解其诸种要素是重要的。一般而言,参与城区货物运 输的关键利益集团有四个方面: 139) Each group has its own specific objectives and tends to behave in a different manner, which needs to be considered. The interlaced relationships among those groups and different conflicts within the system are shown in Figure 1. 每个集团都有其自身 的目标,并倾向于以不同的方式来行动,这一点需要加以考虑。图 1 展示了这些 团体相互交织的关系以及该系统内的不同冲突。 140) Basically, the origination of the journey is from shippers and to the consumers. Freight carriers and administrators are the media of the delivery tasks. The characteristic of their relationships is that a slight move in one part may affect the whole situation. 基本上讲,物流行程的起源是从货主然后到消费者。货物承运人 和管理者是交付任务的媒介。它们关系的特征是一个部分的轻微变动会影响整个 情形。 141) 142)

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