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中考试题精选(十四)有答案


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中考试题精选(十四)

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一.单项选择: ( ) 1. I gave the tickets to all the students _________the ones who had already taken them. A. beyond B. except C. with D. among ( ) 2. -Where does Simon sit in the classroom? - He sits between _________________. A. Daniel and I B. I and Daniel C. Daniel and me D. me and Daniel ( ) 3. -Is that your best friend Kitty? - No, it _________ be her. She flew to Singapore yesterday. A. mustn’t B. may not C. needn’t D. can’t ( ) 4. - Dad, can I have _________ to eat? I’m hungry. - Sorry, there is _________ in the fridge. Can you go downstairs to buy some food? A. anything; nothing B. something; none C. something; nothing D. anything; none ( ) 5.-Will you join us to play basketball on Saturday afternoon ? -___________,but I promised to go swimming with Amy. A. Never mind B. Many thanks C. Take it easy D. My pleasure ( ) 6. -Do you know about 3-G mobile phones? - Yes. It’s said that they ________ at present. A. sell well B. are sold well C. sell good D. are sold good ( ) 7. -How big and beautiful your new house is! How long have you ________ it? - Five years. A. bought B. kept C. borrowed D. had ( ) 8. --- Shall I tell Kate about it, Millie? --- No, you ______. I have told her already. A. shouldn’t ( B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. can’t ) 9. --- I heard that you missed the first bus yesterday morning. --- Yes. The traffic was very heavy, ______, I didn’t arrive on time. A. so far ( B. as a result C. by the way D. instead of ) 10. --- What does the sentence “She’s blue today.” mean in English? --- It means that she is _____ today. ( ( A. happy B. sad C. quiet D. unlucky )11. David didn’t give up ______ he had failed in the experiment four times. A. if B. while C. though D.since )12. Young people usually_________ city life to country life while old people _______ A. would rather; prefer C. would rather; would rather ( --- It means that she is _____ today. ( ( A. happy B. sad C. quiet D. unlucky ) 14. --- Would you please give me a hand and take the bookcase upstairs? ---___________. A. With pleasure B. My pleasure C. Of course I do D. Yes, that’s all right ) 15. In order to earn more money for his new car, the young man has to work for three __________hours in the evening. A. extra B. another C. many D. else B. prefer; would rather D. prefer; prefer

enjoy country life.

) 13. --- What does the sentence “She’s blue today.” mean in English?

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二.完形填空:

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Although it was autumn, the snow was already beginning to fall in Tibet (西藏).Our legs were so heavy and cold that 16 felt like big pieces of ice. Have you 17 seen snowmen ride bicylces? That’s what we looked like! Along the way children who were 18 long wool coats stopped to look at us. In the late 19 we found it was so cold that our water bottles froze (结冰).However, the lakes 20 like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful. Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She was in high spirt and I knew I didn’t need to 21 her. To climb the mountains was hard work but as we 22 us, we were surprised by the view. We seemed to be able to see for miles, and we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds. After a while, we began going 23 the mountains. It was great fun especially as it slowly became much 24 .At the foot of the mountains, colourful butterflies flew around us and we saw many sheep eating green grass. Then we had to 25 our caps, gloves and trousers for T-shirts and shorts. In the early evening we stopped to 26 .We put up our tent and then we ate. After supper Wang Wei went to sleep but I stayed 27 .At midnight the sky became clearer and the stars grew brighter. As I 29 below the stars I thought about how far we had already travelled. We will reach Dali in Yunan Province soon, where our cousins will join us. We 30 hardly wait to see them! 16. A.we B.you C.they D.it 17. A.never B.ever C.even D.yet 18. A.dressed in B.put on C.taken off D.dressed up 19. A.morning B.afternoon C.evening D.night 20. A.shine B.shining C.shines D.shone 21. A.follow B.encourage C.remind D.discover 22. A.looked at B.looked after C.looked for D.looked around 23. A.up B.down C.around D.into 24. A.colder B.drier C.warmer D.wetter 25. A.charge B.check C.chase D.change 26. A.make beds B.make friends C.make camp D.make money 27. A.alive B.alone C.away D.awake 28. A.cloudy B.foggy C.noisy D.quiet 29. A.lie B.lied C.lay D.laid 30. A.may B.can C.must D.shall 三.阅读理解: A After I had paid for my stamps and was about to leave, Alan explained the worried expression on his face, "Some of us are going to lose our jobs." Alan and I had started to get to know each other about six months ago. He was a postman, and he noticed that I had visited the post office five times in four weeks. The fifth time he told me it wasn't normal for people to use the postal service that often, and I told him that I was normal.

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Gradually, going to the post office became something I did every week not just to get stamps. It became my excuse to say hello to Alan, to catch up on how he was doing, to hear all about how fast his kids were growing up. Alan is my friend, so when I saw the worried expression on his face, I knew he wanted to talk about the situation he was facing. It's obvious that the postal service is in trouble. Bad business decisions are thought to be one of the leading reasons. Another is that e-mail and other forms of communication are reducing the need for regular mail. In the end, it all comes down to one thing - most people don't send mail any more. I asked where Alan lived that day before leaving the post office. I wanted to send him a letter telling him that, while most people might not send mail any more, I'm not part of them, and that I'm glad he's my friend. This may not solve the problems of the postal service, but hopefully it will help erase that worried expression from his face, even though just for a few minutes. 1. Alan was worried because he_______. A. had got too many letters to send B. was facing a bad situation at home C. had to work for extra hours D. might soon be out of work 2. What does the underlined word "erase" in the last paragraph mean? A. hide B. remove C. understand D. read 3. Which of the following is a reason for the post office's trouble? A. Poor decisions by managers. B. The bad service it provides. C. Fewer and fewer postmen in it. D. People's communicating less than before. 4. The writer will write to Alan to_______. A. tell him he is sorry at the news B. give him best wishes C. tell him he will continue to support him D. thank him for his service B A festival for the Dead is held once a year in Japan. This festival is a cheerful occasion, for on this day, the dead are said to return to their homes and they are welcomed by the living. As they are expected to be hungry after their long journey, food is laid out for them. Specially-made lanterns are hung outside each house to help the dead to find their way. All night long, people dance and sing. In the early morning, the food that had been laid out for the dead is thrown into the river or into the sea as it is considered unlucky for anyone living to eat it. In towns that are near the sea, the tiny lanterns which had been hung in the streets the night before, are placed into the water when the festival is over. Thousands of lanterns slowly drift out to sea guiding the dead on their return journey to the other world. This is a moving spectacle, for crowds of people stand on the shore watching the lanterns drifting away until they can be seen no

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more.

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1. The festival is a cheerful occasion because _________________. A. of the lanterns. C. People stay up all night. living. 2. What is the purpose of the lanterns? A. They are nice decorations. C. They are supposed to help the dead to find their way. way. 3. Which is not true according to the article? A. The food is for the dead. C. The food must be thrown into the sea. sea. 4. Which is the best title for the article? A. Specially-made lanterns. C. The mad people. C Autumn and winter are cold and flu(流感) seasons. Will the old advice about dressing warmly help prevent a cold, or if you get sick, should you follow the old saying, "feed a cold and starve(挨饿)a fever"? And what about that fever? Should you take medicine to reduce your temperature, or is it better to let the body treat the fever itself? Everyone seems to have an answer. But is popular wisdom valuable? Doctor Nelson knows a lot about cold and flu seasons. Nelson says research may be just starting to provide proofs (证明) for long-held beliefs. For example, scientists for years were against the idea that getting cold and wet might cause colds or flu. But recent studies have shown that cold temperatures cause stress on the body, and that stress can create something more likely to lead to viruses. So maybe it is really important to wear warmly before going outside. And what about feeding a cold and starving a fever? Nelson says if you have a cold and are hungry, you should eat. But a fever, especially a high one, suggests a more serious problem. He says people are usually not hungry when they have a high fever. Eating might even make a person sick. But drinking enough water is important. A fever easily makes the body lose water. Finally, when should you treat a fever? Nelson says a fever should be treated if it stays at 40℃ or above for a day or more. A high temperature can damage (破坏) brain cells 细胞) The ( . doctor also believes in treating a fever if it prevents a person from sleeping. Medicine like aspirin, for example, can be used to reduce pain (痛苦) and fever. But aspirin B. The delicious food. D. The dead return. B. People are worried that night. D. At last, the lanterns will be in the B. They can be thrown into the sea. D. They help the living to find their B. food is laid out for the dead. D. the dead are welcomed home by the

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should not be given to children because it can cause serious problems. 1. We can learn from the passage that Doctor Nelson_______. A. doesn't believe in the old advice about preventing colds B. is now trying his best to provide proofs for long-held beliefs C. thinks a fever needn't be treated even if it prevents someone from sleeping D. thinks you needn't go to a doctor immediately if you have a temperature of 40℃ 2. According to Doctor Nelson, if someone catches a fever, he should_______. A. take a bath in cold water C. try to eat something B. drink enough water D. take some exercise outside

3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Why people should eat when having a cold. B. When people should treat a fever. C. What the medicine, aspirin, is used for. D. Whether the old advice about preventing a cold is valuable. 4. The passage suggests that_______. A. aspirin can damage brain cells if an adult takes too much of it B. the idea that getting cold can cause flu was proved true years ago C. it is easier for people to catch colds when their bodies are stressed D. some old advice about preventing colds isn't important D Xi Jinping, the newly elected general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, has a unique experience as an "educated youth" in rural (农村的) China when he was a young man. A son of Xi Zhongxun, a Communist revolutionary(革命的) hero and former(前任 的)vice premier(总理), Xi Jinping did not live in comfort as a boy. At the age of 16, he volunteered to live in a small village in northwest China' s Shanxi Province as an "educated youth. "Life there was tough for a city youth. In the beginning, fleas troubled him so badly he could not even fall asleep. Although he was not in school, Xi never stopped reading. He brought a case of books to the village and was always "reading books as thick as bricks," recalled by villagers of Liangjiahe. Xi has said that the two groups of people who have given him the greatest help in his life are the older revolutionary generation and the folks in the Shanxi village where he lived. When working as Party chief of Fuzhou, capital of Fujian Province, he took the lead in the country in establishing a mechanism(机制) for officials to meet with petitioners (上访群众) face to face. He introduced the same mechanism in places where he later served. Once, he and other senior officials in Fuzhou met with more than 700 petitioners in two days. He wrote a popular column for Zhejiang Daily, using the pen name Zhexin. In his column, he discussed everyday

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problems of interest to the common people in 232 articles. As mild a person as Xi is, he is very tough in policing officials and preventing them from harming the interests of the common people. His work style earned him the nickname "secretary of the people." "Officials should love the people in the way they love their parents, work for their benefit and lead them to prosperity," Xi said. 1. Who is Xi Jinping? A. A daughter of Xi Zhongxun. C. A president of USA. now. 2. What are “fleas” ? A. Books. Problems. 3. He asked officials to meet with petitioners(上访群众) face to face to _____________. A. make a promise to them C. help them to completely solve their problems 4. Xi Jinping works for____________. A. himself people 四.词汇运用: 1. The __________ (架子) in the library are full of different kinds of books. 2. The Smiths will travel __________ (在国外) to spend their summer holiday. 3. What strange _______________(suggest) you have offered! 4. Five (nine) of the people at the conference come from European countries. 5. The house ____________ (it) is not to my mind, but I like its environment. 6. There are some things that you can’t change, like your (身高). 7. The seats have no back _______________ (紧靠着)which to lean. 8. A space sleeping bag is used to be fixed to the walls to prevent_________________(漂浮). 9. We must do something to deal with the _____________(污染) water, otherwise, the fish will die. 10. The weather report says it will be sunny 五.任务型阅读 (以后)on. A B. his family C. officials D. B. apologize to them D. chat with them B. A kind of flowers. C. A kind of insects. D. B. A son of Zhexin D. The highest leader in China

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Many of us don't pay much attention to the importance of eye care. It is said that if you take care of your body, then you can surely be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in a number one place. There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not enough food, genes (基因) and aging (老化). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. If you happen to work in front of the computer, it is best to take a break every once in a while. Something dirty can cause redness and they will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes, too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful things. For example, sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight form UV rays. Eating healthy foods will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins A, C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because exercise protects your eyesight, too. If a person exercises regularly (定期地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time. All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person's eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is. Title: Eye Care Is Very Causes of Poor Eyesight ◆ Not enough ◆ Watch TV , 3 ◆ Have a rest for a 4 ◆ Keep your eyes 1 ◆ Pay no attention to the importance of eye care. 2 , genes and aging. computers and doing reading too much. 5 when working in front of the computer. 6 by using cold water. 7 . 8 .

of Eye

Care

◆ Protect your eyes from ◆ Do eye 9 regularly. 10

◆ Eat foods that are good for eyes

Being happy all the time can also

persons keep good eyesight.

B There are some very good things about open education. This way of teaching allows the students to develop their interests in many subjects. Open education asks students to be responsible for their own education. The open classroom may help them to enjoy learning. Some students will be happier in an open education school. They will not have to worry about grades or rules. But many students may not do well in an open classroom. For some students, if there are too few rules, they will do little in school. They will not make good use of open education. Because open education is so different from traditional education, these students may have a problem of getting used to making so many choices. For many students it is important to have some rules in the classroom. A few rules will help them. The last point about open education is that some traditional teachers do not like it. Many teachers do not believe in open education. You now know what open education is. Some of its good points and bad points have been explained. You may have your own opinion about open education. The writer thinks that open education is only a good idea. It may not work very well in a real class or school. The writer believes that most students, but of course not all students, want and need to have some rules. They

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must be made to study some subjects. Many students are pleased to find subjects that they have to study interesting. They would not study those subjects if they did not have to. Open Education Definition(概念) Open education is a way of teaching which allows students to learn what they are 1 in without many rules. Advantages Open education makes students realize they are learning for 2 _, not for others. In open classrooms, many students don’t need to be 3 about grades or rules. Some students find 4 happiness in open classrooms than in traditional classrooms. 5 Many students cannot prove themselves as 6 in open classrooms as in traditional classrooms. There are so many 7 for students to make that they can’t use open education properly. Some teachers are not in support of such way of teaching. The writer’s Open education is just a good idea, but in a real class or school it is 8 about 9 so good. open education Some students would not study some subjects 10 they have to.

六.缺词填空: Years ago in Scotland, the Clark family had a dream. The couple worked and saved, making p____1____ for their nine children and themselves to travel to the USA. It had taken years before they saved enough money and got everything r_____2____ for the trip. The whole family was excited about their new life. However, seven days b 3 they left for the USA, the youngest son was bitten(咬)by a dog. The doctor treated the boy, b 4 because there was a possibility of rabies(狂犬病), they would be kept away from others for fourteen days. The family’s dream could not come t 5 . They would not be able to make the trip to America as they had planned. Watching the ship leave---without the Clark family, the father was quite a 6 with both his son and God for their bad luck. Five days later, a piece of sad news s__7_____ throughout Scotland---the strong and powerful ship, Titanic, had gone down, taking h 8 of lives with it. The Clark family was to have been on that ship, but because the son was bitten by a dog, they were left b 9 in Scotland. When Mr Clark heard the news, he thanked his son for saving the family. He thanked the God for t 10 a sad thing into a good one. Although we may not always understand, all things happen for a reason.

七.句子翻译: 1.好好学习,那么你就会有光明的前途。 _________________________ ____________________________________________ 2. 对你来说有必要每天晚上熬夜吗? 3. 孩子们的父母到了才允许离开

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4. 种子通常是随风传播的。

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Seeds __________________________________________________________________. 5.他希望自己当一名工程师的愿望将会实现。 He hopes his wish _______________________________________________________. 6. 年轻人应该常向别人学习,而不是卖弄。 Young people should often .

参考答案: 一.BCDCB 二.CBABD

ADCBB BDBCD

CBBAA CDDCB (DBAC) 3. suggestions (DCCD) 4. ninths 9. polluted 5. itself 10.later

三. (DBAC) (DCBD) 四.1.shelves 2.abroad 6. height

7. against

8. floating

五. 76. Important A)

77. food 78. playing 79. Ways harming 83. healthily 84. exercises 85. help

80. while / moment 81. clean 82.

B) 1. interested 2. themselves 3. worried 4. more 5.Disadvantages 6.good 7. choices 8.opinion(s)/ idea(s) 9.not 10.unless 六.72. plans 73. ready 74. before 75. but 76. true 77.angry 78. spread 79. hundreds 80. behind 81. turning 七.1.Work hard and you will have a bright future. 2.Is it necessary for you to stay up late every night? 3.The children won’t be allowed to leave until their parents arrive. 4.are usually spread by the wind 5.to be an engineer will come true 6.learn from others instead of showing off

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