2015-05-22 15:57 英语组
时 间：120 分钟 命题人：杨斌
分 值：150 分 审题人：付雪英
第一卷（共 115 分）
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5
分） 请听下面 5 段对话，选出最佳选项。 1. Why does the man think he has a cold? A. He feels cold. B. He is coughing. C. He has a runny nose. 2. What does the man suggest the woman wear to the party? A. Jeans. B. A shirt. C. A dress. 3. Where does the woman want to go? A. To the post office. B. To the library. C. To the school. 4. How often does the man go swimming? A. Four times a week. B. Five times a week. C. Seven times a week. 5. What do the two speakers need in the living room? A. Some chairs. B. A table. C. A sofa. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 请听下面 5 段对话或独白，选出最佳选项。 请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is the woman’s nationality? A. Chinese. B. Indian. C. Brazilian. 7. How many boys are there in the man’s family? A. Three. B. Four. C. Six. 请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. Where did the woman go to college? A. In Canberra. B. In Auckland. C. In Sydney. 9. What will the man probably do next year? A. Take a trip to Australia. B. Climb Mount Cook. C. Visit the woman. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What does the woman think of Ms. Petty? A. Smart. B. Unbearable. C. Humorous. 11. Why does the man like Mr. Clark? A. He knows a lot of different things. B. He is easy to get along with. C. He has a good sense of humor. 12. What to we know about Mrs. White? A. She assigns a lot of homework on Friday. B. She speaks too quietly in class. C. She sometimes forgets the man’s name. 请听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What programs does the man like? A. News and sports. B. Movies. C. Music. 14. When does the soccer match start? A. At 6:00 pm. B. At 7:00 pm. C. At 9:00 pm.
15. What is the man? A. A player. B. A student. C. A reporter. 16. Why doesn’t the man follow the woman’s advice? A. He prefers watching the Asian news. B. He doesn’t like romantic movies. C. He has to get up early for work. 请听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Which of the following situations is described in the talk? A. A man talking with his wife in a restaurant. B. A man talking with his girlfriend over the phone. C. A woman talking with her boyfriend in a restaurant. 18. What should people do if there are noisy customers beside them in a restaurant? A. Ask them to talk in a low voice. B. Stop their conversation politely. C. Let the management deal with them. 19. Where should we never make calls according to the talk? A. On the bus. B. In a restaurant. C. In the theater. 20. What is the last rule about? A. Paying attention to where you’re walking while making a call. B. Turning off your cellphone while you are driving. C. Making short conversations only when we are allowed. 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Mark Twain left school when he was twelve. He had little school education. In spite of this, he became the most famous writer of his time. He made millions of dollars by writing. His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens, but he is better known all over the world as Mark Twain, his penname. Mark Twain was born in 1835 and he was not a healthy baby. In fact, he was not expected to live through the first winter. But with his mother's care, he managed to survive. As a boy, he caused much trouble for his parents. He used to play jokes on all his friends and neighbors. He didn't like to go to school, and he often ran away from home. He always went in the direction of the nearby Mississippi. He was nearly drowned nine times. After his father's death, Mark Twain began to work for a printer, who only provided him with food and clothing. Then, he worked as a printer, a river-boat pilot and later joined the army. But shortly after that he became a miner. During this period, he started to write short stories. Afterwards he became a full time writer. In 1870, Mark Twain got married. In the years that followed he wrote many books including The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1884, which made him famous, and brought him great fortune. Unfortunately, Mark Twain got into debts in bad investments(投资) and he had to write large numbers of stories to pay these debts. In 1904, his wife died, and then three of his children passed away. At the age of 70, his hair was completely white. He bought many white suits and neckties. He wore nothing but white from head to foot until his death on April 21, 1910.
21. In his childhood, Mark Twain, ________. A. learned a lot at school B. his mother often worried about his safety C. he often went swimming with other boys D. he often played games with other boys 22. Which of the following shows the right order about Mark Twain? a. He became a miner. b. He worked as a printer. c. He got into debts. d. His father died. e. He became a full-time writer. f. He joined the army. A. a-d-b-c-e-f B. c-b-d-f-e-a C. d-a-f-e-b-c D. d-b-f-a-e-c 23. In order to make a living, Mark Twain _______. A. did many kinds of work B. first worked as a printer C. wrote stories in the beginning D. joined the army after he worked in a mine 24. In the later years of his life, Mark Twain _______. A. wrote many stories and earned a lot of money B. must have been very sad because he lost his wife and three children C. continued writing until his death D. lent too much money to others B “Happy New Year!” Everyone will greet each other with these words as they meet over the next couple of weeks. But it wasn’t always January l that marked the New Year. At least 4,000 years ago the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians (古巴比伦人)marked the changing of the year. In Egypt, the year started when the Nile River(尼罗河)flooded, enriching farmers’fields with silt(淤泥). This happened at the end of September. The Babylonians held a festival in spring, on March 23, to kick off the next farming cycle. The Babylonian celebration lasted for 11 days. The date January l was picked by the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar as the change of the year when he established his own calendar in 46 BC. The month of January was named after the Roman god, Janus(雅努斯). He is pictured with two heads. One head looks forward and the other back. They represent a break between the old and new. That new calendar was in time with the sun and it has been used until the present day. Around the world, different cultures have their own traditions for welcoming the New Year. The Japanese hang straw rope across the front of their houses to keep out evil spirits and bring happiness and good luck. They also have a good laugh as the year begins to get things started on a lucky note. In India people like to wear pink, red, purple and white flowers. Women favor yellow， the color of spring. Hindus also leave shrines next to their beds so they see beautiful objects when they wake up. Canadians enjoy the traditional polar bear swim. People of all ages put on their swimsuits and jump into frozen lakes. 25. Which ancient country has a great effect on the New Year we are celebrating now? A. Egypt. B. Babylon. C. Rome. D. India. 26. What’s the main idea of the last three paragraphs? A. People in different countries celebrate the New Year in different times of the year. B. In different countries people play different games to celebrate the New Year.
C. Which country has the best tradition for welcoming the New Year? D. In different countries people celebrate the New Year in different ways. 27. Which ancient country’s New Year had something to do with spring and agriculture？ A. Rome. B. Babylon. C. Egypt. D. India. 28. What can we infer from this passage? A. Canadians like swimming in the lake to celebrate the New Year though it is very cold. B. Women favour yellow flowers in Japan when they celebrate the New Year. C. Everyone will greet each other with “Happy New Year” for several months. D. Human beings have been celebrating the New Year for no more than 4,000 years. C Think about what you had for lunch: Was it a hamburger? A chicken sandwich? Barbecue? What about vegetables? Would it surprise you to learn that what you eat can affect the whole planet? It can—in a big way. New studies show how food and its production affect the globe and its warming climate. You’ve probably heard of global warming. The temperature is on the rise because humankind has been releasing (排放) amounts of gases into the atmosphere. One of these greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide (二氧化碳). What does this have to do with food? A big part of the carbon dioxide that we put in the atmosphere every y ear comes from the process of making and eating food. The production of meat contributes a lot of that carbon dioxide. And much of meat’s contribution comes from beef, which is responsible for releasin g even more warming gases into the atmosphere. The process of making a hamburger, for example, requires a lot of energy. A cow has to be fed and raised on farmland, and cow waste is a major source of methane (沼气) — an especially powerful greenhouse gas. The cow has to be killed. The meat has to be processed (加工) and shipped to a shop, which takes fuel. Most of the cow won’t even be used for meat that people eat. By the time a hamburger finally lands on a dinner plate, it has made a heavy effect on the environment. We can reduce the production of global-warming gases by eating less beef. Other kinds of meat like pork and chicken do less harm to the environment—at least in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases released. All kinds of meat are harder on the planet than vegetables. To grow and eat a pound of potatoes, for example, sends less than one-quarter pound of carbon dioxide into the air. So changing our diet to less meat and more vegetables, as it turns out, may do the world some good. 29. The questions asked in the first paragraph are used to _____. A. show the author’s concern about food safety B. express the author’s puzzlement at what to eat C. introduce the topic to be discussed in the passage D. remind readers of something delicious to eat 30. What is the bad news for meat-eaters? A. Most cows are raised not for people to eat B. Meat producing can cause global warming C. There is a lot of carbon dioxide in meat D. Animals begin to die off because of global warming 31. The author wrote the passage in order to _____.
B. encourage people to choose a greener diet D. introduce some healthy foods to people D Eating too much fatty food, exercising too little and smoking can raise your future risk of heart disease. But there is another factor that can cause your heart problems more immediately: the air you breathe. Previous studies have linked high exposure (暴露) to environmental pollution to an increased risk of heart problem, but two analyses now show that poor air quality can lead to heart attack or stroke (中风) within as little as a few hours after exposure. In one review of the research, scientists found that people exposed to high levels of pollutants (污染物) were up to 5% more likely to suffer a heart attack within days of exposure than those with lower exposure. A separate study of stroke patients showed that even air that the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers to be of “moderate” (良好) quality and relatively safe for our health can raise the risk of stroke as much as 34% within 12 to 14 hours of exposure. The authors of both studies stress that these risks are relatively small for healthy people and certainly modest compared with other risk factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. However, it is important to be aware of these dangers because everyone is exposed to air pollution regardless of lifestyle choices. So stricter regulation by the EPA of pollutants may not only improve environmental air quality but could also become necessary to protect public health. 32. The text mainly discusses the relationship between ________. A. heart problems and fatty food B. heart problems and exercising C. heart problems and smoking D. heart problems and air quality 33. The underlined word “modest” in Paragraph 3 most probably means _______. A. relatively high B. extremely low C. extremely high D. relatively low 34. What can we learn from the text? A. Stricter regulations on pollutants should be made. B. The EPA conducted many studies on air quality. C. Moderate air quality is more harmful than smoking, D. Eating fatty food has immediate effects on your heart. 35. The author’s purpose of writing the text is most likely to ________. A. persuade B. inform C. describe D. entertain 第二节:（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项 为多余选项。 Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to see the world around us. Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight, but it's easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight: ? Schedule yearly exams. 36 Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment, including eyeglasses. ? Protect against UV rays (紫外线). Long-term stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is, it's extremely important to wear sunglasses. 37
A. explain the importance of eating meat C. advise people to keep a balanced diet
? Give your eyes a break. Two-thirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products. 38 Experts recommend that people practice the 20/20/20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and look at something 20 feet away. 39 As part of a healthy diet, eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins (维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health. ? Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses (隐形眼镜). Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk. 40 Otherwise, you may have problems such as red eyes, pain in the eyes, or a more serious condition. A. Eat your greens. B. Eye care should begin early in life. C. They can properly protect your eyes. D. Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins. E. Parents usually don’t care about their own eyesight. F. Always follow the doctor’s advice for appropriate wear. G. This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness. 第三部分：语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节: 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Whenever we hear about “the homeless”, most of us think of the Developing World. But the 41 is that homelessness is everywhere. For example, how many of us would expect to see people living on the streets of a 42 country like Germany? Kurt Muller and his wife Rita have spent eleven years making 43 for the homeless of Berlin, Germany’s capital. They first 44 one long hot summer when most Germans were 45 on holiday. Kurt and his wife stayed at home, made sandwiches, 46 a table in the street and gave food to the homeless. The Mullers soon realized that food and clothing weren’t 47 . “What these people also need is warmth and 48 ,” says Rita. The Mullers didn’t 49 to give their phone number to the street people and told them to phone anytime. Rita 50 there was somebody at home to answer the phone and their home was always 51 to anyone who couldn’t face another night on the street. The couple were soon 52 all their time and money, so Kurt visited food and clothing companies to 53 donations. Today, over thirty companies 54 donate food and other goods to the cause and volunteers help to 55 them to the homeless. The public also give clothes and money and a shoe producer 56 new shoes. Kurt and Rita receive no 57 for their hard work. “We feel like parents,” says Rita, “and parents shouldn’t 58 money for helping their children. The love we get on the streets is our salary.” Though Rita admits she often gets 59 . She says she will continue with her work because she likes the feeling of having made a 60 in the world. 41. A. result B. idea C. reason D. truth 42.A.traditional 43. A. meals B. developing B. houses C. wealthy C. preparations D. typical D. suggestions
44. A. called 45. A. asleep 46.A.brought up 47.A. necessary 48. A. caring 49. A. agree 50. A. made sure 51. A. noisy 52. A. costing 53. A. ask for 54.A.ompletely 55. A. advertise 56. A. produces 57. A. payment 58. A. borrow 59. A. tired 60. A. profit
B. met B. away B. gave away B. enough B. freedom B. hesitate B. found out B. crowded B. spending B. pay for B. regularly B. sell B. donates B. permission B. expect B. excited B. decision
C. began C. across C. put aside C. helpful C. courage C. pretend C. made sense C. open C. taking C. look into C. calmly C. lend C. designs C. direction C. save C. surprised C. difference
D. left D. alone D. set up D. expensive D. fame D. intend D. worked out D. near D. wasting D. carry out D. roughly D. deliver D. collects D. support D. raise D. amused D. rule
第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料， 在空白处填入适当的内容 （不多于 3 个单词） 或括号内单词的正确形式。 One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about 61 (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___62___ some of them looked very anxious and __63_(disappoint) . when the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ____64___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike____ 65__ _ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ____66_ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ____67___(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,“____68___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It ‘s ____69___ (I )”. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers ___70__(sudden) became friendly to one another.
第二卷（共 35 分）
第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节： 短文改错( 共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分 ） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧）并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework. Therefore, we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, or sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 第二节： 书面表达(满分 25 分) 一家英语报社向中学生正文，主题是“十年后的我” 。请根据下列要求和你的畅想完成 短文。 1.家庭； 2.工作； 3.业余生活。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.开头语已为你写好。 I often imagine what my life will be like in the future.
1-5 BCABC 6-10 ABACA 11-15 BCABC 16-20 CBCCA 21-25 BDABC 26-30 DBACB 31-35 BDDAB 36-40 BCGAF 41-45 DCACB 46-50 DBABA 51-55 CBABD 56-60 BABAC 61. being 62.and 63.disappointed 64.to 65.caught stop 67.riding 68.Did 69.me/mine 70. suddenly My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lessons in the morning and There two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework. Therefore, we have more time don’t much with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for for hours one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the looks
classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, or sat by the lake listening∧ music. The teachers sit to here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. helpful