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世界各国电压及插头对照


Electricity Around the World

WORLD ELECTRIC GUIDE
This site is featured in the Electricity section of the Fodor's Online Resource Center.

ELECTRIC POWER AROUND THE WORLD
The table below summarizes information on the electrical systems in use in most countries of the world.
The voltages listed here are the "nominal" figures reported to be in use at most residential or commercial sites in the country or area named. Most electrical power systems are prone to slight variations in voltage due to demand or other factors. Most appliances are built to tolerate current a certain percentage above or below the rated voltage to accommodate these differences. However, severe variations in current can damage electrical equipment. The electric power frequency is shown in the number of hertz (cycles per second). Even if voltages are similar, a 60-hertz clock or tape recorder will not function properly on 50 hertz current. All systems described here use alternating current (AC) except in the few instances where direct current (DC) is noted. The plug types listed indicate all types known to be in use in that country. Not all areas of a country may use all types of plugs listed for that country, since there may be regional differences based on the power system in a certain area. Finally, I've only included information that is likely to be relevant for travelers. Just about everywhere listed here has higher voltage lines available for heavy duty appliances (not to mention commercial or industrial applications). While this would be relevant for those moving to another country, I'm assuming most travelers will leave their clothes dryers, air conditioners and arc welders at home!

COUNTRY Afghanistan Algeria American Samoa Angola Antigua Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azores Bahamas Bahrain Balearic Islands

VOLTAGE FREQUENCY 220V 127/220V 120V 220V 230V* 220V 127V* 240V 230V 220V* 120V 230V* 220V 50 Hz* 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz* 50 Hz

PLUG D C* & F A, B, F & I C A&B C & I* A, B & F I F B, C, & F A&B G C&F

COMMENTS *Charikar 60Hz *A variation of Type C with a ground post offset about 1/2-inch from center may also be found.

*Airport area is reportedly Antigua power is 110v. *Neutral and line wires are reversed *Lago Colony 115V Outlets typically controlled by adjacent switch *Ponta Delgada 110V; to be converted to 220V *Awali 110V, 60 Hz

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Electricity Around the World

Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Botswana

220V 115V 230V 110/220V 220V 120V 220/230V* 231V

50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

A, C, D, G & K A, B C&E B&G D A&B A&C D&G *110V found in states of Rio de Janeiro, So Paulo and Minas Gerais (though 220V may be found in some hotels). Other areas are 220V only. Outlets are often a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug. *Outlets are reported as type F, though both type C and F plugs may be encountered. *La Paz & Viacha 115V

Brazil

110/220V*

60 Hz

A, B,& C

Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma (Myanmar) Burundi

240V 220V 220V 230V 220V

50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

G C* & F* C&E C, D, & F C&E *Some outlets are a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug. Plug G may be found in some hotels.

Cambodia Cameroon Canada Canary Islands Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China Colombia Comoros

220V 220V 120V 127V 220V 120V 220V 220V 240V* 220V 220V 110V* 220V

50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60Hz 50 Hz

A & C* C, E A&B C&E C&F A&B C&E D, E & F C&G C&L I, G A&B C&E

*Guernsey 230V

*Older parts of Bogota 150V

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Electricity Around the World

Congo Congo, Dem. Rep. of (former Zaire) Costa Rica Cte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador England (See United Kingdom) Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana Gabon Gambia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Great Britain (See United Kingdom)

220V 220V 120V 220V 220V 110/220V 240V 230V 230V 220V 230V 110V 120-127V* 220V 115V

50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50Hz 60Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz

C&E C&D A&B C&E F A&C C&G E C&K C&E D&G A A, B, C, D C A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, J, & L *Voltage varies between 150 & 175V with frequent outages *120/240V may be found in rural areas Most older hotels 110V. Some newer hotels 220V. Some outlets are a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug.

220V* 220V 220V 220V 240V 230V 230V 220V 220V 220V 230V 230V 240V

50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

C&E C C, D, J, & L C&K I C&F C, E & F C, D, & E C G F D&G C&G

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Electricity Around the World

Greece Greenland Grenada (Windward Is.) Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau

220V 220V 230V 220V 110V 120V 220V 220V

50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

C, D, E & F C&K G C, D, & E A&B A, B, G, & I C, F & K C *Inside the capital city of Georgetown, both 120V and 240V at either 50 or 60Hz are found, A, B, D & G depending on the part of the city (50Hz most common). Actual voltage may vary from area to area. A&B A&B D, G C&F C&F C&D C, E, & F C C, D, & G G C&G C&H F&L *DC power in use in some areas *Conversion to 220V in progress; complete in principal cities *To be converted to 230V

Guyana

240V*

60 Hz*

Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland (Eire) Isle of Man Israel Italy Ivory Coast (See Cte d'Ivoire) Jamaica

110V 110V 220V* 220V 220V 230V* 127/220V* 220 220V 220 240V 230V 127/220V

60 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

110V

50 Hz

A&B *Eastern Japan 50 Hz (Tokyo, Kawasaki, Sapporo, Yokohoma, and Sendai); Western Japan 60 Hz (Osaka, Kyoto, Nagoya, Hiroshima)

Japan

100V

50/60 Hz*

A, B

Jordan Kenya Kiribati

220V 240V 240V

50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

C, D, F, G & J D&G I

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Electricity Around the World

Korea Kuwait Laos Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Luxembourg Macao Madagascar Madeira Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federal States of) Monaco Montserrat (Leeward Is.) Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia

110/220V 240V 220V 110/220V 220V 120V 127V* 220V 200V 127/220V 220V 230V 240V* 230V 220V 240V 220V 220V 230V 127V 120V 127/220V 230V 127/220V 220V 220V* 240V 220V 230V 127/220V* 220V

60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

A, B, C, D, G, I & K C&G A, B, C, E & F A, B, C, D & G M A&G D C&F C&D C, D, E, J & K C&F G G A, D, G, J, K &L C&E G C, D, & E C C&G A A&B C, D, E & F A&B C&E C&F D I C&D C&F A, B, & F F *St. Martin 120V 60 Hz *Keetmanshoop 230V *Penang 230V *Barce, Benghazi, Derna, Sebha & Tobruk 230V

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Electricity Around the World

New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Northern Ireland (see United Kingdom) Norway Okinawa Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia & former Soviet republics Rwanda St. Kitts and Nevis (Leeward Is.) St. Lucia (Windward Is.) St. Vincent (Windward Is.) Saudi Arabia Scotland (See United Kingdom) Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovak Republic Slovenia

240V 120V 220V 230V

50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

I A A, B, C, D, E &F D&G

230V 100V* 240V* 220V 110V* 240V 220V 220V* 110/220V* 220V 220V 120V 240V 220V 220V 220V 230V 240V 230V 127V 127V 240V 230V 230V 220V 220V

50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz* 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

C&F A, B & I C&G C&D A, B & I I C A&C *Talara 110/220V; Arequipa 50 Hz A, B, C, E, F *Manila 115/230V &I C&E C&F A&B D&G C&F C&F C&J D&G G A, C, E, G, I &K A, B, & G C, D, E & K G D&G G E F *Panama City 120V *Military facilities 120V *Voltage variations common

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Electricity Around the World

Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Tahiti Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad & Tobago Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British and U.S.) Wales (See United Kingdom) Western Samoa Yemen Arab Republic Yugoslavia (Former)

220V* 220/230V* 220V 230V 240V 127V 230V 230V 220V 220V 127V 110V 230V 220V 220V* 240V 115V 127/220V 220V 240V* 220V* 240V* 120V 220V 120V 127/220V* 110V

50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz* 50 Hz 60 Hz

C M C&F D C&D C&F M C&F C, E & J C, E, & L A A, B, & I D&G A & C* C I B C, E, F, K & L C&F G D&G G A&B C, F, I & L A&B A, C A&B

*Berbera 230V; Merca 110/220V *Grahamstad & Port Elizabeth 250V; also found in King Williams

*Some outlets are a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug. *Lome 127V

*Voltage variances are common *Ajman & Sharjah 230V *Outlets typically controlled by adjacent switch Type F becoming more common as a result of computer use. *Valencia 50 Hz; also found in Maracay *To be standardized at 220V

230V 220/230V 220V

50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz

I A, D & G F

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Electricity Around the World

Zambia Zimbabwe

220V 220V

50 Hz 50 Hz

C, D & G D&G

Primary sources: Electric Current Abroad (1998 edition), U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service; World Electricity Supplies and Electrical Plugs; an International Survey, (both 1993), British Standards Institute. Additionally, since this table was first posted in late 1995, numerous revisions have (and continue to be) made as a result of personal observations or reports from other travelers. Special Thanks To: Ivan Alves, Brazil; Lars-Erik strm, Sweden/South Africa; Bill Bartolotta, Canada; Rob Fisher, South Africa; Anders Hagstrom, Finland; Hideki Kuwamoto, Japan; Pl Marthinsen, Norway; Hans Michalec, Austria; Peter Swart, South Africa; Svein Yngvar Willassen, Norway; David Walker, Hong Kong; Ronald R. Wellman, USA; Andrew Willett, Australia.

To report any known changes or errata, please send a note via E-mail.

Back to the Main Electric Page
This stuff is provided for the personal use of my fellow travelers on the Internet. Original sources have been cited. I'm not responsible for the accuracy of this information. - S.K.

Main Travel Page International Dialing Codes World Wide Phone Guide World Television Guide
http://kropla.com/electric2.htm -- Updated 19 October 1999 Copyright 1996-1998 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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Type A & B Electric Plugs

Type A
Flat blade attachment plug

Where found: American Samoa, Antigua, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guam, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Japan, Korea, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Maldives, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Okinawa, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent, Saudi Arabia, Tahiti, Taiwan, United States, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands (U.S.), Yemen.

Type B
Flat blades with round grounding pin

Where found: All of the above noted for Type A except Bangladesh, Bolivia, Liberia, Maldives, Peru, St. Vincent, Tahiti,

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Type A & B Electric Plugs

Vietnam, Yemen. Also found in Azores, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/ab.htm -- Updated 14 October 1999 Copyright 1996-99 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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Type C Electric Plug

Type C
Round pin attachment plug

Where found: Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Azores, Balearic Islands, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma (Myanmar), Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Channel Islands, Chile, Comoros, Congo, Dem. Rep. of Congo (Zaire), Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Cyrpus, Denmark, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Faeroe Islands, Finland, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Guadeloupe, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Isle of Man, Israel, Jordan, Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Macao, Madagascar, Madeira, Mali, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Morocco, Mazambique, Nepal, Netherlands, Niger, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia (and former Soviet republics), Rwanda, St. Vincent, Senegal, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uruguay, Vietnam, Yugoslavia (former), Zambia. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/c.htm -- Updated 15 July 1999 Copyright 1996-98 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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Type D Electric Plug

Type D
Round pins with ground

Where found: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, , Cameroon, Dem. Rep. of Congo (Zaire), Chad, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Ghana, Greece, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Hong Kong, India, Iraq, Jerusalem, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Macao, Madagascar, Maldives, Martinique, Monaco, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, St. Kitts-Nevis, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Tanzania, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel Page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/d.htm -- Updated 25 June 1998 Copyright 1996-98 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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Type E Electric Plug

Type E
Round pin plug and receptacle with male grounding pin

Where found: Balearic Islands, Belgium, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Czech Republic, Djibouti, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, France, French Guiana, Greece, Guadeloupe, Indonesia, Laos, Madagascar, Mali, Martinique, Monaco, Niger, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Senegal, Slovakia, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel Page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/e.htm -- Updated 15 July 1999 Copyright 1996-98 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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Type F Electric Plug

Type F
"Schuko" plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts

Where found: Algeria, Aruba, Austria, Azores, Barbados, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma (Myanmar), Cape Verde, Chad, El Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Luxembourg, Madeira, Monaco, Mozambique, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Niger, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Suriname, Sweden, Turkey, Uruguay. Yugoslavia (former). Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/f.htm -- Updated 10 June 1999 Copyright 1996-99 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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Type G Electric Plug

Type G
Rectangular blade plug

Where found: Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Cameroon, Channel Islands, Cyprus, Dominica, El Salvador, Gambia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Iraq, Isle of Man, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, St. Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/g.htm -- Updated 15 June 1998 Copyright 1996 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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Type H Electric Plug

Type H
Oblique flat blades with ground (V-shaped)

Where found: Gaza, Israel, West Bank. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel Page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/h.htm -- Updated 15 June 1998 Copyright 1996-98 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

http://kropla.com/!h.htm [1999/12/22 05:22:01 PM]

Type I Electric Plug

Type I
Oblique flat blades with ground (inverted V)

Where found: American Samoa, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Fiji, Guatemala, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Okinawa, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, St. Vincent, Taiwan, Tonga. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/i.htm -- Updated 15 June 1998 Copyright 1996-98 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

http://kropla.com/!i.htm [1999/12/22 05:22:19 PM]

Type J Electric Plug

Type J
Round pins with round grounding pin (offset)

Where found: Brazil, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Maldives, Rwanda, Switzerland, Yugoslavia (former). Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/j.htm -- Updated 15 June 1998 Copyright 1996-98 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

http://kropla.com/!j.htm [1999/12/22 05:22:55 PM]

Type K Electric Plug

Type K
Round pins with spade grounding pin

Where found: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Denmark, Faeroe Islands, Greenland, Guinea, Korea, Madagascar, Maldives, St. Vincent, Senegal, Tunisia. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/k.htm -- Updated 15 June 1998 Copyright 1996 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

http://kropla.com/!k.htm [1999/12/22 05:23:16 PM]

Type L Electric Plug

Type L
Round pins with round grounding pin (in-line)

Where found: Chile, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Italy, Maldives, Syria, Tunisia, Uruguay. Return to World Wide Electric Guide Main Travel page World Phone Plug Guide International Dialing Codes
http://kropla.com/l.htm -- Updated 15 June 1998 Copyright 1996-98 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

http://kropla.com/!l.htm [1999/12/22 05:23:37 PM]

World Electric Power Guide

WORLD ELECTRIC GUIDE
This site is featured in the Electricity section of the Fodor's Online Resource Center.

INTRODUCTION
This is a guide to some important issues when deciding to use your electrical appliances in another country. It includes a table describing electrical systems worldwide, illustrations of electrical plugs you may run across, advice on using your computer and other general advice that you may find helpful. Finally, there is a list of sources for electrical travel accessories.

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
If you are going to use electrical appliances in another country, you need to know what type of electrical voltage is used in the country you're traveling to and what type of adapter might be needed to plug your appliances into the outlet. Converters are available to change line voltage from one amount to another. However, there are different types of converters for different types of appliances. Small electronics, razors and non-heating appliances can operate with a 50-watt converter. Heating appliances such as hair dryers, irons, coffee makers and other high-power electrical appliances need a 1600-watt converter. You can also purchase combination converters for both types. Check the label on your electrical appliance to find its wattage. Some places that supply adapters and converters are listed on the sources page. To further complicate matters, some electronic devices such as TV's, VCRs and computers are designed for 60 cycles-per-second (known as 60 Hz) electrical frequency used in some countries and cannot tolerate the 50 cycles-per-second (50 Hz) electricity found in many other countries. Even if you have the right converter, you run the risk of blowing a fuse in your hotel or burning out your electrical appliances. Given the complexities of safely using your electrical appliances overseas, you may want to consider some alternatives. If you plan on staying in one country for awhile, you might want to buy a hair dryer or electric razor there. Battery operated appliances are another option if you don't mind replacing the batteries.

WHAT ABOUT YOUR COMPUTER?
Fortunately, many portable computers today come with power supplies that can be used in almost any part of the world. Check the manufacturer's label to see what type of input it can handle. Those designed for use just about anywhere have a section on the label that looks something like this: INPUT: AC 100V- 240V~ 1.0A 50 / 60 Hz

This shows that the device was designed to be used over a wide range of voltage levels and at different electrical frequencies. In this particular example (based on an HP Omnibook 800CT), the computer can accept "nominal" voltage anywhere from 100 volts to 240 volts and can operate on either a 50 Hz or 60 Hz system. It is designed for alternating current (AC). Like most appliances, it should not be used on a direct current (DC) system. DC electrical systems are not common, but some do exist.

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World Electric Power Guide

If you must take other types of electrical appliances with you abroad, your best bet is to buy travel-size dual-voltage appliances that can run on both 110 and 220-volt currents. Make sure the switch is on the proper voltage for the country you are in before using the appliance. You will also need to carry adapter plugs with you to fit the outlets in the countries you're visiting.

ELECTRIC PLUGS IN USE
The main types of electrical plugs that are used around the world are listed below. You can click on the illustration to view a larger picture and a listing of countries where that type of plug is used. Note: the illustrations below are not to scale.

A
Flat blade attachment plug

B
Flat blades (same as type A), but with round grounding pin

C
Round pin attachment plug

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World Electric Power Guide

D
Round pins with ground

E
Round pin plug and receptacle with male grounding pin

F
"Schuko" plug and receptable with side grounding contacts

G
Rectangular blade plug

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World Electric Power Guide

H
Oblique flat blades with ground

I
Oblique flat blades (inverted V-shape) with ground

J
Round pins with ground (offset)

K
Round pins with spade ground

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World Electric Power Guide

L
Round pins with ground (in-line)

(Sorry, no illustration. See type D above for an idea.)

M
"South African" plug, similar to type D but larger.

ADAPTERS AND CONVERTERS
An adapter will allow you to plug an appliance designed for one type of outlet into another type of outlet. Despite the fact that more than a dozen different types of plugs are in use, a typical travel adapter kit usually contains about five adapters which are capable of dealing with most of the outlets shown here. Adapters often manage this versatility by bypassing the ground/earth wire. Is this a good idea? Maybe, but not necessarily. Not all appliances need to be grounded/earthed, and for short-term activities like running a portable computer and recharging batteries, the adapter's convenience usually outweighs any potential safety concerns that might be caused by not using the ground/earth connection. For appliances that require grounding/earthing, and for long-term hookups, you should obtain an adapter that allows you to use the ground/earth wire. These adapters could be more expensive and may be more difficult to find prior to reaching your destination, but should be available locally (at your destination) at hardware or electronics stores.

Remember: an adapter by itself will not change the electrical voltage. You must be sure that your appliance can handle different voltages (either automatically or through a voltage switch). If it can't, you will need a voltage converter.
Converters and sets of adapter plugs are available at travel & luggage stores and at Radio Shack/Tandy and other electronic stores. They can often be found in airport shops and duty free stores. A set of adapter plugs costs around $10 to $15US and in some stores you can buy an individual adapter for only a few dollars. Other places that sell these items are listed on the sources page. Follow the link below to see a table showing the types of electrical systems you will find in the various countries of the world.

Electric Power Around the World
This stuff is provided for the personal use of my fellow travelers on the Internet. Original sources have been cited. I'm not responsible for the accuracy of this information. - S.K.

Main Travel Page

International Dialing Codes

World Wide Phone Guide

World Television Guide

http://kropla.com/electric.htm -- Updated 10 November 1999

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World Electric Power Guide Copyright 1996-1999 Steve Kropla All rights reserved.

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