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必修五Unit1-2 测试题


柳州市六中2015—2016学年度高二(上) 必修5 Unit 1-2单元测试
第一部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A What makes one person more intelligent than another? What makes one person a genius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people born intelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear. We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways, the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. It needs exercise. Mental (done with the mind) exercise is particularly important for young children. Many child psychologists (心理学家) think that parents should play with their children more often and give them problems to think about. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. If, on the other hand, children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are more likely to become dull and unintelligent. Parents should also be careful with what they say to young children. According to some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive things to their children, such as “That was a very clever thing you did.” or “You are such a smart child.” 1. The words “intelligent” and “brilliant” in the first paragraph probably mean _______ while “dull” in the second paragraph means ________. A. bright and splendid; slow in thinking and understanding B. pretty and handsome; ordinary-looking C. great and important; common D. hopeful and helpful; careless

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2. According to the context we can guess that a genius is ________ while an idiot is ________. A. a normal person; a funny person person C. a highly intelligent person; a foolish or weak-minded person person; an ordinary person 3. It is better for parents ________. A. to praise and encourage their children more often B. to be hard on their children C. to leave their children alone with nothing to do D. to give their children as much help as possible 4. Which of the following is NOT true according to the article? A. Parents play an important part in their children’s growth. B. The less you use your mind the duller you may become. C. Intelligence is obviously the result of where and how you live. D. What makes a person bright or stupid is still under discussion. B Thomas Edison was one of ten said to be the greatest genius of his age. There are only a few men in all of the history, who have changed the lives of other men as much as the inventor of the first useful electric light. But Edison could never be happy only because someone said he was a genius.“ There is no such thing as genius,” Edison said. He said that what people called genius was mostly hard work. But Edison was a dreamer as well as a worker. From his earliest days as a child he wondered about the secrets of nature. Nature, he often said, is full of secrets. He tried to understand them; then, he tried to learn what could usefully be done with them. Edison enjoyed thinking. He knew that most people will do almost anything instead of the difficult work of thinking, especially if they do not think very often. But he knew, too, that thinking can give men enjoyment and pleasure.
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B. a strong person; a weak D. a famous

Edison could not understand how anyone could be uninterested in life. As he loved to think, he also loved to work. On the day he became 75 years old, someone asked him what ideas he had about life. “Work,” he answered. “Discovering the secrets of nature and using them to make men happier.” He said he had enough inventions in his mind to give him another 100 years of work. 5. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Edison invented the electric light. B. Many other people have changed Edison’s life. C. Edison has changed the life of many other people. D. Few men in history can change other people’s life. 6. Edison was ____________. A. very much interested in nature B. interested in discovering the secrets of nature C. interested in changing people’s ideas D. uninterested in making people happier by discovering the secrets of nature 7. In Edison’s opinion, ____________. A. thinking can supply people with enjoyment and pleasure as well as help B. people’s success lies mostly in genius C. hard work is the second important thing in making people successful D. there are few secrets for him to discover later 8. The last sentence in the passage most probably implies ____________. A. life is too short for Edison to invent more for human beings B. Edison made 100 inventions in his life C. Edison was able to live and work for 100 years D. People of his time were ready to give Edison another 100 years’ work C These are some signs that you can see on the roads of Great Britain. Number one is a sign with the number thirty on it. When drivers see this sign they must not go at more than thirty miles an hour. We see this sign when we get to parts
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of the country where there are many houses and other buildings, for example, when we are getting near a town. Thirty miles an hour is the speed limit. Number two is a sign for the end of the speed limit. We are out of the town now and may go at more than thirty miles an hour. Number three is a sign that we are near a crossroads, that is, a place where two roads cross. We must drive carefully. Number four is a sign that there is a bend(转弯) in the road. Again, we must drive slowly and carefully. Number five is a sign that there is a hill and number six is a sign that the roads get narrow(狭窄的). Drivers must go slowly and carefully. Number seven has the word “school” on it. This is a sign that there is a school at the side of the a street or road. Perhaps there are children going to school or leaving school. So drivers must look carefully and go slowly until they are past the school building. Number eight is a sign with the letter P on it. The letter P is for “parking.” A parking place is a place where drivers may leave their cars. If the driver of a car wants to leave his car and go to the shops, he looks for this sign. Then he knows that he may leave his or her car there. 9. Who will most probably read the passage? A. People who drive badly. B. People who are learning to drive. C. People who drive well. D. People who drive carelessly. 10. When a driver sees the sign number one, he must ____________. A. always go at 30 miles an hour B. go at more that 30 miles an hour C. not go at more than 30 miles an hour D. stop 11. A driver must drive carefully when he gets to ____________. A. a bend B. a crossroads C. a narrow road
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D. all of them

12. If a driver wants to leaves his car and go to the shops, ____________. A. he can leave his car anywhere B. he can leave his car at the gate of any shop C. he must look for the sign with the letter P on it D. he can leave his car at the side of the street. D China is the biggest market in the world, and many countries such as Germany, the USA, the UK and Russia do a lot of business in China. Let’s have a look at some important tips to help you be successful when dealing with these nationalities. First, you must be punctual ( 准时的 ) with Germans. Even 5 minutes late makes a bad impression. Being punctual is also very i mportant in the USA. In the UK, it’s important to be punctual for business meetings, but nobody expects you to be on time for a social event. Half past seven really means a quarter to eight, or even eight o’clock! With Russians, you should always be on time, though it is not unusual for them to be one or even two hours late! It is best to dress formally and wear dark colours when you meet people from all the four countries. In Russia, designer clothes are very common. Don’t be surprised if you go to an offi ce in the UK on a Friday and find everyone wearing jeans. Many companies have “dress down Friday”, when people wear casual ( 随便的 ) clothes. In Germany, first names are only used by family members and close friends, so be prepared to use titles and last names . In the USA you will usually be invited to use first names almost immediately. The British are quite informal and using first names in business is more and more common, especially among younger people. In Russia, however, nobody uses first names, so use titles and last names.
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In conversation, the British and the Americans value humour, and both like to talk about sport. The weather is also a good topic of conversation with the British and the Americans, but avoid talking about politics. In Russia, say positive things about their country, but avoid making complaints. The Germans, however, prefer to get straight down to business! So, use these tips, and you will be on your way to a successful international business career! 13. Which color should you NOT wear when meeting a person from the USA? A. Dark blue. B. Gray. C. Black. D. White. 14. All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ______. A.you can say something funny when you talk to an American B.you can use his first name when you talk to an Englishman C.you must be on time when you meet people from each of the four countries D.people wear whatever they like on Friday in some companies in the UK 15. When you talk to a Russian, you can ______. A. complain about something B. say something negative about his country C. say something good about his country D. point out some disadvantages in politics 第二节(共 5 题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能够填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中 有两项为多余选项 About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City when a woman and a young boy sat down at the next table, I couldn’t help overhearing parts of their conversation. At one point the woman asked, “So, how have you been?” And the boy __16__ replied. “Frankly, I’ve been feeling a little depressed lately.”

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This incident stuck in my mind _ 17 _. As far as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were “depressed”, that is, in low spirits, until we were in high school. _18__. Children don’t seem childlike anymore. Children speak more like adults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults than they used to. Whether this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it certainly is different. Childhood as it once was no longer exists. Why? Human development is depended not only on born biological states, but also on patterns of gaining social knowledge. Movement from one social role to another usually involves learning the secrets of the new social positions. Children have always been taught adult secrets, but slowly and in stages; traditionally, __19__. In the last 30 years, however, a secret-revelation (揭示) machine has been equipped in 98 percent of American homes._ 20 _. Television passes information to all viewers alike, whether they are children or adults. Unable to resist the temptation (诱惑) , many children turn their attention from printed texts to the less challenging, more attractive moving pictures. Communication through print, as a matter of fact, allows for a great deal of control over the social information which children will gain. Children must read simple books before they can read complex materials. A. we tell sixth graders things we keep hidden from fifth graders B. who could not have been more than seven or eight years old C. It is called television D. Undoubtedly a change in children has increased steadily in recent years E. because it confirmed (确认) my growing belief that children are changing. F. everyone has his own secret in his heart G. some people are interested in knowing other people’s age 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
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第一节. 完形填空 (共 20 题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) Several years ago, while 21 a communication course, I experienced a most unusual process. The instructor asked us to list 22 in our past that we felt 23 of, regretted, or incomplete about and read our lists aloud. This seemed like a very 24 process, but there’ s always some 25 soul in the crowd who will volunteer. The instructor then 26 that we find ways to 27 people, or take some action to correct any errors. I was seriously wondering how this could ever 28 my communication. Then the man next to me raised his hand and volunteered this story: “Making my list, I remembered an incident from high school. I grew up in a small town. There was a Sheriff who was strict 29 us. 30 of us kids liked him. One night, my two buddies and I decided to play a 31 on him. After drinking a few beers, we climbed the tall water tank in the middle of the town, and wrote on the tank in bright red paint : Sheriff Brown is an idiot. (傻瓜). The next day, almost the whole town saw our glorious(壮丽的) 32 . Within two hours, Sheriff Brown had us in his office. My friends told the truth but I lied. No one 33 found out.” “Nearly 20 years later, Sheriff Brown’s name 34 on my list. I didn’t even know if he was still 35 . Last weekend, I dialed the information in my hometown and found there was a Roger Brown still listed. I tried his number. After a few 36 , I heard, “Hello?” I said, “Sheriff Brown?” Paused. “Yes.” “Well, this is Jimmy Calkins.” “And I want you to know that I did it?”Paused. “I knew it!” he yelled back. We had a good laugh and a 37 discussion. His closing words were: “Jimmy, I always felt bad for you 38 your buddies extricated(解脱) themselves, but you were carrying it around all these years. I want to thank you for calling me...for your sake.”

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Jimmy inspired me to 39 wrongdoings. 21 A.attending 22 A. something 23 A. ashamed 24 A. private 25 A. foolish 26 A. expected 27 A. connect with 28 A. improve 29 A. with 30 A. any 31 A. part 32 A. view 33 A. also 34 A. appears 35 A. angry 36 A. words 37 A. cold 38 A. in case 39 A. build up 40 A. regret 第二部分

all 101 items on my list within two years, and I

always remember what I learned from the course: It’s never too late to 40 the past B.announce B. anything B. positive B. secret B. polite B. suggested B. depend on B. investigate B. at B. most B. game B. sign B. even B. attracts B. happy B. rings B. plain B. so long as B. make up B. forgive C.attracting C. somebody C. enthusiastic C.creative C. simple C. suspected C. accomplish C. to C. none C. trick C. attention C. still C. presents C. doubtful C. repeats C. nervous C. unless C. clear up C. right D.absorbing D. anybody D. delighted D. enjoyable D. brave D. demanded D. clarify D. on A D. all D. record D. remark D. ever D. exposes D. alive D. calls D. lively D. because D. give up D. punish

C. make apologize to D. link to

第二节 (共 10 题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。 Listening to my MP3,I noticed our plane had already landed at the world’s third biggest airport London Heathrow Airport, 41 (consist) of five airport buildings.
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From Monday to Friday, we couldn’t break away 42 the study, and had to spend our mornings 43 (have) lessons at Eltham College with our teachers Freddie and Ali during the course. With their humor, good 44 (arrange) and excellent teaching, their lessons contained both knowledge and too 45 fun. The activities in the afternoons and weekends were as wonderful as the morning lessons. I was most excited and 46 (delight) to see Big Ben and Buckingham Palace with my own eyes because they’d always been the symbols of London in my mind, 47 (attract) me to visit them. Besides them, there was a cruise(巡游) on the Thames River, a visit to the Tower of London as well as a walk through Piccadilly Circus(皮卡迪利广场). One weekend, we took a trip to Brighton. That was a 48 (splendid) fun day,

too. We sat on the beach, watching waves coming over and over again, enjoying pure fish and chips 49 well! And I have to admit that I would have really regretted it if I hadn’t visit Madame Tussaud’s(杜萨夫人蜡像馆). There were a great many waxworks of actors, singers, and politicians, etc. They were all so lifelike that I just couldn’t believe they were made out of wax! To tell the truth, they were so vivid and beautiful 50 I was unwilling to leave there.

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Many students find it hardly to speak or read in front of others. Try taking a deep breathe to relax after you begin, and then read slowly and clearly. It might help to practice read aloud to family members at the home. Reading aloud is a opportunity to get used to speaking to an audience. The more often you do, the comfortable and confident you will probably feel. In this way, not only you gain confidence, but alsoyou can receive advices from your parents. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)

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假定你是李华,你的朋友李明写信告诉你他因不善交友而苦恼,感觉在日 常学习生活中缺乏和同学之间的交流,请根据下面的提示给他回信,提出建 议。 提示: 1. 友善、乐于助人; 2. 多与他人交流,寻找自己的知心朋友; 3. 多参加学校组织的各种活动。 注意: 1. 词数:100 左右; 2. 可以适当发挥,以使短文连贯; 3. 开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:communicate(v.)交流;activity(n.)活动 Dear Li Ming, I’m sorry to hear_____________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua 参考答案: 1--5 ACACB 6--10 BAABC 11--15 DCDCC 16--20 BEDAC

21-25 ABAAD 41 consisting 46.delighted

26-30 42. from

BCAAC

31-35

CBDAD

36-40 BDDCC

43.having

44. arrangement 45,much 50.that

47. attracting

48. splendidly 49.as

50. hardly → hard 51. breathe → breath 52. after → before 53. read → reading 54. 去掉 the 55. a → an
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56. do 后加 it

57. comfortable 前加 more

59. you 前加 can

60. advices → advice

Many students find it hardly to speak or read

51.________________

in front of others. Try taking a deep breathe 52._______________ to relax after you begin, and then read slowly and clearly. It might help to practice read aloud to family members at the home. Reading aloud is 53.________________ 54.________________ 55.________________

a opportunity to get used to speaking to an audience. 56.______________ The more often you do, the more comfortable and confident you will probably feel. In this way, not only you gain confidence, but also you can receive advices from your parents. 57._________________ 58.__________________ 59.___________ 60.___________

写作范文: Dear Li Ming, I’m sorry to hear you’re feeling worried for failing to make friends. Some tips below may be helpful to you. First, be kind, friendly and polite to others and always ready to help others, through which you’ll get well paid. Second, try to communicate with others more, for it helps strengthen your ties with friends and lots of misunderstandings can be avoided. Third, take an active part in activities, such as sports, games, travels, parties, etc. This way, you’ll get more chances to communicate with others. Besides, it is also very important that friends should be faithful to each other.
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Anyhow, there’re many ways to develop a good friendship. Hope you’ll get along well with your friends. Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua

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