黄冈市 2015 年高三年级 3 月份质量检测 英语试题
本试卷共 10 页，全卷满分 150 分，考试用时 120 分钟。 ★祝考试烦利★ 选择题 第一部分：听力《共两节．满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案划在试卷上，录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 ·转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 ．5 分，满分 7．5 分） ．听下面 5 段对
话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置，听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题，每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What do we know about the man? A. He is still having a headache. B. He will be very busy soon. C. He feels very sad now. 2. What did the woman promise to do? A. Have a meal with her daughter. B. Have a talk with her daughter. C. Have lunch with Scott and his daughter. 3. How long is the lunchtime in the Chinese restaurant? A. 2 hours. B. 2. 5 hours. C. 3 hours. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. The course.、B. The man，s work. C. The woman，s schedule. 5. Where will the man go to spend his vacation? A. To Shanghai. B. To Beijing. C. To Sanya. 第二节（共 15 小题，每小题 1．5 分，满分 22．5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A, B, C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Why does the man want to return the product? A He dislikes its color. B. He already has one. C. There is something wrong with it. 7. When did the man buy the product A Last Thursday. B. Last Friday. C This Friday. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What does the man think of the tour company? A Disorganized. B. Dishonest. C. Disordered. 9. What does the woman promise to do? A Offer the man a better accommodation. B. Give back some money to the man.
C. Offer the man a free city tour. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How much does the man charge for the book Today，s World? A＄13. B.＄30. C.＄60. 11．Why is the woman surprised by the price of the science book? A It is an old copy. B. It is in pretty bad condition. C It is full of the man，s poor notes. 12. What book does the woman buy in the end? A The science book. B. The math book. C. The English, book. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What happened to the man? A He broke one of his feet. B. He hurt one of his ankles. C He hurt his left leg. 14. What does the man ask the woman to do? A Take him to the X-ray room B: Give him some medicine. C Help him stand up slowly. 15. How soon will the X-ray result come out? A In a quarter or so. B. In about half an hour.＿C. In fifty minutes or so. 16．Why does the man keep saying "terrible"？ A. He dislikes remaining still. B. He is in awful pain. C He down?t want an operation. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What occupation is mentioned in the talk? A. A manager. BB. A teacher. C. A salesman. 18. How can we show our interest in the company? A. Asking proper questions about the company. B. Letting the interviewer know more about you. C. Giving as much advice as possible to the interviewer. 19．How can we succeed in an interview according to the speaker? A. Giving the interviewer a good impression. B. Being friendly as much as possible. C. Being confident and preparing well. 20. How many tips does the speaker give us? A 2. B. 3. C. 4. 第二部分：词汇知识运用《共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：多项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中，选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 21．In a public survey on holiday schedules last December，the public expressed with the cancellation of New Year's Eve as a statutory(法定的）holiday. A disapproval B. dissatisfaction C, discouragement D. disappearance
22. After years of teaching，I realize that what we need in education is a better understanding of students from a motivational and psychological ． A phenomenon B. privilege C perspective D priority 23. China will development of a military equipment system to build a modern army and support national security. A accelerate B. accumulate C. sponsor D. advocate 24. The Peking University International Hospital started to patients on Monday， marking the beginning of one of Asia?s largest hospitals. A operate B. admit C. charge D. cure 25. Never what has happened. What we are supposed to do is whether to change it or to accept it calmly. A worry about B. care about C. think about D, complain about 26．Qiu Songyi，a young man with only one leg， everything in July and accom panied his mother on a nationwide journey by car to fulfill filial piety（孝心）to his mother. A put away B. put through C. put off D. put aside 27. After repeated failures and disappointments，he still keeps on trying because he believes that failure is a condition. A. punctual B. temporary C permanent D. relevant 28. Our concern must be to saf eguard the emotional health and well being of children，which is of great importance in preparing them for life. A. universal B. vital C prime D. basic 29. Young children may face serious health risks from popular energy drinks，such as Monster and Red Bull，＿causing heart problems and other life-threatening conditions. A. potentially B. absolutely C. completely D. definitely 30. China will guarantee the practice of "one country，two systems" and promote national reunification（统一） with laws. A. in terms B. in harmony C. in line p. in favor 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A,B,C 和 D）中，选出可以填人空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A vizier(大臣）had served his master for some thirty years and was known and admired for his loyalty，truthfulness and devotion. However，his enemies． 31 stories of his dishonesty until the master came to 32 the innocent vizier and finally ordered the vizier to be put to death. In his kingdom，those 33 to death were tied up and thrown into the pen 34 the master 35 his fiercest hunting dogs. The dogs would 36 tear the victim to pieces. Before being thrown to the dogs，however，the vizier asked for one last request.“I would like ten days’respite（级期执行），”he said，“so that I can pay my debts，collect any money 37 to me and 38 ．a guardian(监护人）for my children.” After receivi 39 that the vizier would not try to escape，the master 40 his request.
The vizier hurried home，collected one hundred gold pieces·and then visited the huntsMan who looked after the master?s dogs. He 41 this man all the gold and said，“Let me look after the dogs for ten days.”The huntsman agreed. For the next ten days the vizier cared for the beasts with great attentio 42 the end of the ten days, they were eating out of his hand. On the eleventh day the vizier was 43 before the master，the same charges were 44 ，and the vizier was tied up and thrown to the dogs. Yet when the beasts saw him， they ran up to him with wagging tails and began playing with him. The master and other witnesses were 45 ，and he asked the vizier why the dogs had 46 his life: The vizier replied，"I have looked after these dogs for ten days. You all have seen the result. I have looked after you for thirty years，and what is the result?" The master，s face turned red with 47 ．He not only 48 the vizier but 49 to him the men who slandered(AM) his 50 ．The noble vizier set them free and continued to treat them with kindness. 31. A. read B. spread C wrote D told 32. A. ignore B. dislike C. distrust D. abandon 33.A.condemned B. judged C accused D. expected 34. A. why B, that C. when D. where 35. A. walked B. fed C. kept D. trained 36．A. immediately B, desperately C. regularly D. narrowly 37. A. useful B. necessary C. important D. due 38. A. arrange B. appoint C. remove D. exchange 39. A. demand B. conclusion C. permission D. guarantee 40. A. refused B. confirmed C. approved D. agreed 41．A. presented & offered C. delivered D. rewarded 42. A. At B. In C. By D. To 43. A. invited．B. questioned C. called D. sentenced 44. A. declared B. informed C. announced D. repeated 45. A. amazed & amused C. annoyed D. concerned 46. A. protected BL freed C saved D. spared 47. A. regret B. pity C. shame D. shock 48. A. believed B. pardoned C. understood D. forgot 49. A. handed over B. handed in C handed to D handed out 50. A. dignity B. reputation C authority D. status 第三部分：阅谈理解（共 20 小厄；每小且 2 分．满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项（A,B,C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A It was a hot June day and Sammy couldn，t wait to get in the water.．The teiryearold was on a camping trip at McKinney Falls State Park with his mom，Kelley，his dad，Stacey，and his brothers，Ben，eight，and Willy，two. Around 11 a. m.，Sammy，s mother and little brother Ben dropped the family boat into Onion Creek and left. Sammy and Wdly accompanied their dad to Upper Falls. At the top of the waterfall，a stone pathway runs across the creek bed Below is a swimming hole，20
feet deep in some places. With his father watching from the rocks above，Sammy jumped in. He was a good swimmer—he?d been on the swim team in his hometown of Cypress，Texas. Sammy played in the water for a while，eventually pulling himself out of the swimming hole and onto a warm stone and watching a group of children tramp through the creek bed above. They were summer campers from Austin who，along with their teachers，were headed back to the visitors，parking lot after a morning hike. As the kids passed Stacey and Wil1y，a tiny five-year-old girl reached down to grab a water bottle and lost her balance. In an instant，she was swept over the falls. “A girl went over the waterfall！”Stacey shouted Sammy caught a glimpse of the Girl?s arm and the top of her dark head as the rolling currents pushed her into the hollow beneath the rock ledge，hiding. her from the crowd above. She struggled in the deep water. “I’m scared at this point，”Sammy says now. His father，with Willy under one arm，walked toward the edge of the waterfall to try to locate the girl，but Sammy was the one in striking distance.“You have to get her out of there！”Stacey yelled down to him. Sammy was nervous，but“my dad just looked at me， and I understood what I had to do.’， Years in the Boy Scouts had taught Sammy never to enter a dangerous situation without an exit strategy. The ten-year-old took a few seconds to consider the situation，and then he dived in. In a few seconds，he was next to the struggling girl. He asked her if she could swim. When she said no，Sammy carefully pulled her onto his back and followed the rock wall’s slick contours around the edge of the waterfall toward the shore. Soon，someone threw a swim float from the bank and pulled both kids from the water. Now a seventh grader，Sammy admits，“When I got in the water，I didn?t really think about the consequences.” 51．When the girl fell into the water， · A. Kelley～accompanying their dad $ Ben was accompanying their mother’ C. Willy was grabbing a water bottle D. Stacey was watching the children tramp 52. Why did Sammy，s father ask him to save the girl? A. His father should take care of Willy. B. His father was unable to locate the girl. C He was the perfect boy to save the girl. D. He was in the right place to save the girl. 53. Sammy hesitated for a few seconds before saving the girl mainly because A. he was taught to do so in the school B. he was scared and nervous to dive in C. he was considering the rescue strategy D. he was thinking about the consequences 54. From the passage，we can know that Sammy is ． A. brave，calm and outspoken B. kind，outspoken and professional C. calm，professional and clever D. cautious，brave and enthusiastic B Chinese civilization dates back at least to 3，000 BC. It is the source of many of the world’s great inventions，including paper， the compass，gunpowder，and printing，not to
mention china itself. But maybe the greatest contribution that the country and its language have made to the Western world is tea，which is first mentioned in English in 1655. The Chinese connection with English was first found in US English in the early 20th century. People drinking something stronger than tea might say chin-chin，or‘cheers！’This is a mangled pronunciation of qing qing，a Chinese greeting. Another‘doubled’word is chop-chop，or‘quickly?,．Chop here is a pidgin．Chinese rendition of Chinese kuai‘quick， nimble’，and is also found in chopstick. Our range of tasty dishes was extended when traders introduced us to ketchup at the end of the 17th century. The name may come from Chinese‘tomato juice’． Contact with imperial China in the early 19th century introduced Westerners to the Chinese custom of kowtowing-kneeling down and touching the forehead on the ground in worship or submission. The word means literally‘to knock the head’． Ginseng is a plant whose root is credited with various health-giving and medicinal properties. Its Chinese name，renshen，literally means‘man root’，a reference to the root’s forked shape，which supposedly resembles a person. Gung-ho，meaning‘unthinkingly enthusiastic and eager，especially about fighting’， dates from the Second World War. It is from Chinese gonghe‘to-work together'，and was adopted as a slogan by the US Marines fighting in the Pacific under General Evans Carlson （1896 1947)．He organized‘Gung-ho，meetings to discuss problems and explain orders to promote cooperation. Increasing interest in our living spaces in the 1990s, led to the popularity of feng shui， the ancient Chinese system of designing buildings and arranging objects in rooms to achieve a positive flow of energy and so bring happiness or good luck. It goes back a long way in English，and even had an entry in the Encyclopaedia Britannica(大英百科全书）of 1797. Not all our Chinese words are ancient，though. China’s first manned space flight in 2003 gave us taikonaut，a Chinese astronaut taikong means‘outer space，． 55. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ． A. china is not included in the world，s great inventions B. the Chinese connection with English began earlier than tea C Chinese civilization has greatly influenced the world's inventions D. tea has made the greatest contribution to the language of the Western world 56. Gung-ho in Paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to ． A. republic B. aggressive C united D. cooperative 57. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Ketchup comes from Chinese tomato juice. B. Kowtowing literally means knocking on the head C. Taikonaut appeared in 2003 in China?s space flight. D. Feng shui is for bringing people happiness or good luck. 58. The passage mainly talks about English words of Chinese A. origin B. history C. meaning D difference C The appointment of India-born Satya Nadella as Microsof t Corp.?s CEO has caused a bit of a stir in China，where people are questioning why Indians but not Chinese are getting top jobs in the U. S.
Language and familiarity with Western culture are the obvious reasons why chief executives（总经理）such as Indra Nooyi of PepsiCo Inc. and MasterCard Inc.’s Ajay Banga have succeeded in the West. But headhunters also say Indians are more willing to move than Chinese，who see more opportunities and good pay at home. Salaries for management positions at the director level in China are almost the same as in Japan，and four times as much as in India. Chinese pay is just one-fifth lower than the average level in the U. S.，according to a survey of technology companies by Aon Hewitt， a human-resources consulting company. While India remains a tough place to live，China has become more comfortable in recent years. "China is such a high growth market. Everyone sees that?s where the opportunity is.”said Emmanuel Hemmerle，a senior adviser. China suffers from a shortage of top talent，despite its enormous pool of university graduates. Consulting firm McKinsey＆Co. suggests in a report that fewer than 10％of Chinese job candidates on average would be suitable for work in a foreign company because of their poor command ．of English and an education system that focuses on theory rather than practical skills. Western companies aren?t always the choices of university graduates in China anymore. State-owned companies and private companies are bidding for home-grown talent. With so much attention paid to the most promising executives in China，many feel their opportunities are greater at home than abroad.They be right. The brightest workers in China get promoted quickly. On average，it takes 15 years for someone to move from in tern(实习生）to CEO in China，compared with 25 years outside China, according to Aon Hewitt. But there are downsides to being too attached to China. The risk is that they are replaced in their careers by the next generation of Chinese managers，many of whom have better language skills and a broader world view. Increasingly，large Chinese private corn panies require multiple assignments outside China for executives to move up the ranks. State-owned companies are also globalizing and sending staff abroad 59. The obvious reason why Chinese are not getting top jobs in the U. S. do NOT include A. language barrier B, subjective wishes C. cultural difference D education system 60. Compared with the salary of＄170，000 a year in the U. S，the one for management position at the director level in India is about a year. A.＄8,500 B.＄28,000 ． C＄34,000 D.＄51,000 61．The underlined word "they" in the Paragraph 6 refers to
A.university graduates B.State-owned companies C. private companies D. the brightest workers 62. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Indians have more opportunities and good pay at home. a Foreign companies pay more attention to practical skills. C. Workers at home can get promoted more quickly than those abroad. D. Chinese companies are willing to send staff abroad for further study.
D The marshmallow（棉花糖），a white, cottony and sweet confection, is synonymous （同义的）with“temptation" in the US. This all began 50 years ago when psychologist Walter Michael sat 5-year-old children down at a table and gave them a simple choice：they could eat one marshmallow now or，if they wait，receive two marshmallows later. Michael and his colleagues at Stanford wanted to understand the nature of self-controt If children could refrain from eating the marshmallow over a set period of time，they were told they’d receive two as reward. If they couldn’t resist temptation，they wouldn’t get the second treat. The Marshmallow Test became famous due to a remarkable discovery made some years later. Those children vvho were able to resist temptation for the reward of two marshmallows grew into adults who were more successful in school，work and relationships. They were also thinner，calmer，more sociable，better at managing their money， and less likely to be addicted to any substances. Many people have interpreted the results of the Marshmallow Test to mean fate .is predetermined(预先决定）by one's biology. But Michael has just published a new book 一 The Marshmallow Test：Mastering Self-Control 一 which claims the true meaning of the experiments is just the opposite. "The most important thing we learned is that self-control 一 the ability to control one，s own emotions 一 involves a set of skills that can be taught，and learned，”Michael told journalism website Vox oom. "They，re acquirable. Nothing is predetermined” Michael and other psychologists argue that the battle between instant satisfaction (one marshmallow now) and long-term satisfaction（two marshmallows later) is really a battle between two different systems in the brain.“There，s the more primitive brain， which responds immediately and emotionally，”Michael says.“Then other parts of the brain，concentrated in the prefrontal cortex(前倾叶皮层），allow us to do things like control our attention，and think about the future，and delay satisfaction.” In the book，Michael compares the impulse-driven system to“hot" thinking，and the slower，more rationally-driven executive function to“cool" thinking. The secret of selfcontrol，he says，is to train the prefrontal cortex to kick in first. Various experiments have also shown that exposure to the sight，smell，or taste of a temptation activates the "hot" thinking that makes us most likely to give in to it. So，if you’re trying to lose weight，surrounding yourself with food and snacks will make you more likely to eat a lot. 63. From the Test，people who choose two marshmallows later are more likely to A. have few friends B. be addicted to the Internet C. spend money randomly D. concentrate on the work 64. In Michael，s opinion，the true meaning of the experiments is that A. all skills can be acquirable B. fate can be predetermined C. self-control can be acquirable D. emotions can be predetermined 65. We can learn from the last three paragraphs that A. instant satisfaction is a more natural choice for people BL hot thinking makes us most likely to resist temptation C. choosing one marshmallow now belongs to cool thinking
D. the prefrontal cortex of our brain makes us more emotional 66. Which would be the best title for the passage? A. The Meaning of Self-control B. Minds over Matter C. A Famous Test D. One Marshmallow or Two Marshmallows E Around the world，honeybee groups are dying in huge numbers：About one-third of nests collapse each year. For bees and the plants they pollinate 一 as well as for beekeepers，farmers，honey lovers and everyone else who appreciates this marvelous social insect 一 this is a catastrophe. Honeybee collapse has been particularly worrying because there is no one cause， but rather a thousand little cuts. The main elements include the mixed impact of pesticides（杀 虫剂）applied to fields，as well as pesticides applied directly into their nests to control bugs，pests and diseases；nutritional shortages caused by vast acreages of single-crop fields that lack diverse flowering plants，and commercial beekeeping itself，which destroys groups by moving most bees around the country many times each year to pollinate crops. The real issue，though，is not the volume of problems，but the interactions among them. Here we find a major lesson from the bees that we ignore at our risk：the concept of synergy(协同作用），where one plus one equals three，or four，or more. A typical honeybee group contains retrains from more than 120 pesticides. Alone，each represents a benign dose（良性剂量）．But together they form a poisonous soup of chemicals whose interplay(相互作用）can greatly reduce the effectiveness of bees’immune systems, making them easier to suffer from diseases. These findings provide the most detailed data set available for any species about synergies among pesticides，and between pesticides and disease. So we should do research into medical interactions，with many drugs showing harmful or deadly side effects when used together，particularly in patients who already are disease-compromised. Pesticides have medical impacts as powerful as medicines do，yet we know actually nothing about their synergistic impacts on our health，or their interplay with human diseases. Observing the death of honeybees should warn us that our own health might be similarly threatened，and the widespread collapse of so many groups presents a clear message： We must demand that our regulatory authorities require studies on how exposure to low dosages of combined chemicals may affect human health before approving compounds. Bees also provide some clues to how we may build a more cooperative relationship with the services that ecosystems can provide. Bees could offer some of the pollination service needed for agriculture. People discover that crop harvests，and thus profits，are maximized if some cropland are left uncultivated for bees. Meanwhile，a variety of wild plants means a healthier，more diverse bee population，which will then move to- the planted fields next door in larger and more active numbers. 67．Which of the following is NOT the cause that leads to bees dying? A. The pesticides applied to crops. B. The pests and diseases of the bees. C. The beekeepers?destroying without intention. D. Lack of nutrition from enough diverse flowering plants. 68. By saying“one plus one equals three，or four，or more" in Paragraph 3，the author
means that A. bees united mean they are much more powerful B. bees united mean they are much more poisonous C. pesticides nixed mean they are much more effective D. pesticides mixed mean they are much more poisonous 69．The lesson people can learn from bees dying is that
A. medicine is as powerful as pesticide B. our health might be threatened by pesticides C medicine may be harmful to us when used together D. we should protect bees by reducing the usage of pesticides 70. What is the last paragraph mainly about? A. Bees are very important to agriculture. B. More plants mean more and healthier bees. C. Keeping a balance with nature is important. D. Bees can bring in good higher profits to farmers. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列各小题，根据汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答案写在答 题卡上的相应题号后。 71． how different the lotus pool I passed every day must look under a full moon.（strike) 我突然想起，我日日走过的荷塘，在这满月的光里，总该另有一番样子吧。 72．The writer told us that the forum on art and literature chaired by President Xi Jinping was very honorable to him.（present) 这位作家告诉我们说，出席由习总书记主持的文艺座谈会对他来说无上光荣。 73．If time could go back，I on online games in the first year in high school any more.（waste) 如果时光可以倒流，在高一的时候我再不浪费时间在网络游戏上了。 74. Six hundred and eighty suspects fleeing overseas，according to the report， by the end of December under Chinese Fox Hunt 2014 operation.（arrest) 据报道，到 12 月底，在“中国猎狐 2014”行动中，已抓捕了 680 名外逃犯罪嫌疑人。 75．We should not let time slip through our fingers without having spent some time with those to us. (matter) 我们应该花一点时间来陪陪那些对我们来说真正重要的人，而不要让时间从手指间溜 走。 76．Holding the national public memorial ceremony on Dec 13 every year is aimed at telling our young generations that at no time our national humiliation.（forget) 每年 12 月 13 日举行的国家公祭旨在告诉我们年轻一代，我们绝不能忘记国耻。 77. a Sino 一 Brazil joint resource satellite，China has reached a new milestone in aerospace industry：the 200th Long March rocket mission.（send) 发射了中国一巴西联合资源卫星后，中国在航天工业方面已经达到了一个新的里程碑： 第二百次长征火箭任务。
78. As the Oxford English Dictionary named "vape" as its 2014 word of the year，you are to come across the word“vape" as you were two years ago. （likely) 随着牛津词典宣布电子水烟“vape"为 2014 年度新词，你碰到“vape"这个单词的可能性会是两 年前的 30 倍。 79. The lessons from history have told us that it is only if everyone cherishes and safeguards peace hope for peace.（there) 历史教训告诉我们，只有每个人都珍惜并维护和平，才会有和平的希望。 80. The study of electricity had just begun his dangerous kite experiment in a thunderstorm，founding the science of atmospheric electricity.（conduct) 电学研究刚开始，这位科学家就在雷暴云中进行了危险的风筝试验，从而奠定了大气电 学的基础。 第二节：短文写作（共 1 题；满分 30 分） 请你根据以下提示，结合生活中的事例，用英语写一篇短文。 Daily behaviors determine habits. Therefore，we should have a good daily behavior to develop a good habit that is beneficial to us. 注意：①无须写标题； ②除诗歌外，文体不限； ③内容必须结合你生活中的一个事例； ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ⑤词数不少于 120，如引用提示语则不计入总词数。
1----20 ACBAC ABACB ACCBA ABACB 21—30 BCABD DBCAC 31---50 BCADC ADBDC BCCDA DCBAB 51---70 BDCA CBDA BCAB DCAB DDCC 71. What struck me 72. being present at 73. wouldn?t have wasted time 74. had been arrested 75. who really/truly matter 76. can we forget 77. Having sent up/After sending up 78. thirty times as likely 79. that there will be 80. when the/this scientist conducted Possible Version: People who want to succeed should have good habits, while good habits are determined by good daily behaviors. Owing a good behavior is the essential step to get access to success. When I was in Grade One in the senior high, I found maths boring and difficult to learn. So in maths class, my mind was always wandering. Gradually, my bad behaviors turned into bad habits. I was always falling asleep during the class and even hated maths. As a result, I was left far behind in maths and got a very low mark in the final exam. Having been taught a lesson, I made up my mind to change my behavior and became active in class. Step by step, I caught up with others. What I have learnt from my own experience is that our daily behavior is very important and that bad behaviors can form bad habits. Even a small bad habit can ruin our dream.(158w)
21.B。A 项表示“不赞成”时，后面要加上 of。 22. C。C“角度”。注意 A 项是今年新增的考纲词汇 23. A。 24. B。admit“接受（入院）”。A 项后面要接 on。 25.D。根据后面的“calmly”可知。 26.D。put away 强调“把东西放好”；put aside 强调“把东西暂放一边”。根据句意 D 项最佳。 27.B。temporary“暂时的”，根据句意可知。 28. C。prime“主要的，首要的”。根据后面的 must 的语气可知。 29. A。potentially“可能地、潜在地”。根据句子中的 may 可知。 30. C。in line with“符合，按照，与…一致”。A 项和 D 项搭配不对。 31. B。spread stories “散布谣言”。 32. C。根据前面的 dishonesty 和后面的 innocent，以及结合后面故事的发展可知。 33. A。 condemn“判刑”。其他的不合句意。 34. D。根据此从句的意思可推断出。这是熟词生义，但不影响做题。pen“围栏”。 35.C。根据第五段第一句话 who looked after the master?s dog 可知。 36.A。immediately 强调 without delay or hesitation；desperately 强调 in a bad situation 下所表现的“不 顾一切”。根据后面的 tear the victim to pieces 可以推断。 37.D。due to sb 欠下…，给予…，归于…。 38.B。appoint“指定，任命”。arrange 后面要接 for。其他词义不符。 39.D。根据句意可知“得到了大臣的保证”。 40.C。approve“批准”。agree 后面要接介词。 41. B。offer 强调“主动提出”。
42.C。根据句意以及后面 they were eating out of his hand 一句可知。“狗在他手上吃东西”不是“最 后那一天才吃”，应该是有几天了。at the end of 强调时间点；by the end of 强调时间段。 43.C。call“召来”。其他不合题意。 44. D。根据 the same charge 以及对比第二段和这一段可知，“对那位大臣的控告”在开始已经宣读 多了。这一次是“重述，重复”。 45. A。 46. D。spared his life“饶了他的命”。根据第二段 36 空处这一句可知。 47. C。shame“羞愧”。根据前面的 the master?s face turned red 可知。 48. B。pardon“赦免，宽恕”。 49. A。hand over“移交”。 50. B。reputation“美誉，名声”。根据文章的第一段 spread stories of his dishonesty 可知。 51.B、52.D、53.C 略 54.A。根据文章里 I?m scared at this point,” Sammy says now 已经最后一句可知 Sammy 是 outspoken, 根据 The ten-year-old took a few seconds to consider the situation, and then he dived in. In a few seconds 可知他 calm，而他的举动则说明了他 brave。 55.C。根据第一段可知 A、B、D 错误。A 句多了 not；B 句 earlier 应该是 later；D 选表述与原文相 反。 56.B。根据文章第六段的 ?unthinkingly enthusiastic and eager, especially about fighting?可知。注意 Gung-ho 和下句中的 gōnghé 意思是不一样的。 57. D。A、B、C 与原文的表述有出入。 58. A。B、C 和 D 都只是文章的一个侧面。 本文讲述了“中国为何输出不了世界记的 CEO”，通过与印度对比，分析了其原因。 59. B。根据文章的第二段和第五段可知。 60. C。根据文章的第三段可知。 61. A。根据文章的第六段第一句可知。 62. B。根据文章的第五段可知。A、C 和 D 与文章不符。 本文是著名的有关自制力的一种经典实验心理实验：棉花糖实验。其实质是“抵制诱惑，学会自 控”。 63. D。根据文章的第三段可知，尤其是最后一句可以推断出选 D。 64.C。根据文章的第四段,尤其是 but…，并纵观全文，可以得知 self-control 并不是天生注定的。 65. A 。根据文章的第六段的 There?s the more primitive brain, which responds immediately and emotionally 可知。B、C 和 D 与最后三段的表述不符。此题也正好与第 66 题呼应。 66. B。Minds over matter 心胜于物。D 选项表述不完整，分别少了 now 和 later。C 太过笼统。 本文讲述的是“蜜蜂的生死关乎人类，人类从蜜蜂的大量死亡中吸取的教训是：人类在服用药物 的时候，或许每种药是良性的，但多种药物混合后，可能会对人类的健康有害。 67. D。根据文章的第二段可知。 68. D。根据文章的第三段第一句话可知。 69. C。根据文章的第三段和第五段可知。B 项后面的 by pesticides 是错误的。 70. C。根据最后一段的第一句话可知。
Text 1 W: How long have you been having a terrible headache? M: Only since this morning.
W: Oh, probably you?ve been working too hard. M: Maybe you are right. Text 2 M: Excuse me, but you have some guests at the gate> W: What? Who? M: Mr Scott Carpenter and his daughter. W: I remember! Oh… Scott! I made a lunch date with him and his daughter weeks ago. Text 3 M: I?d like to try some Chinese food today. W: The Chinese restaurant is on the second floor. M: What are the hours at the restaurant? W: Breakfast 7:00 to 9:00; lunch 11:30 to 2:00; dinner 6:30 to 9:30. Text 4 W: Do you want a day course or an evening course? M: Well, it would have to be an evening course since I work during the day. W: OK. The evening course meets from 7 to 9 and will last for two months. M: That?s fine. Text 5 W: Today, I?ve never been to Shanghai or Beijing before so I?m thinking of going to Shanghai for a visit in the coming winter vacation. Do you think it?s worth seeing? M: Yes, definitely! Well, I wish I had been there, Jane> W: Shall we go there together? M: I?d like to, but my family is going to Sanya. Text 6 M: Excuse me, can you help me please? W: Yes. What can I do for you? M: I?d like to return this product. W: What seems to be wrong with it? M: Nothing?s wrong with it. I just don?t like the color. W: Can I see your receipt, please? M: I can? t find it. I bought it last Friday. You can check your records, can?t you? W: Sorry, we don?t keep records of our sales. M: Really? Well, then I?ll look for the receipt and come back. Thank you all the same. W: You?re welcome. Text 7 M: I have some problems with this tour. W: What are they? We are here to help you. M: The tour company seems disorganized. No one seems to have a clear picture as to where we are going and when we are going to get there. W: I will see what I can do about that. How about the accommodations on the tour? M: So far, we have been staying in really out-of-the-way accommodations. W: I?m sorry to hear that. How about the hotel restaurant? M: The food in the restaurant is terrible, and a few people from our group got sick. W: I am so sorry that you had such a bad experience. We would like to offer you a free city tour to make it up to you. Text 8 M: Hey, Ashley. Are you interested in buying some used books for school? You can really save some money that way. W: Well, what do you have? M: Well, let?s see. I have a science book called Today?s World, and I?m selling it for thirty dollars.
W: Thirty? That?s a little expensive for an old edition like that. M: Maybe so, but I bought it for sixty. Plus, I wrote a lot of notes in the book that should help you with the class … if you can read my writing. W: What else are you selling? M: Okay, I have an English writing textbook for fourteen dollars, and a math book for twenty-three dollars. W: Uh, Hmmm. M: It?s up to you. You know, these things go fast. You should take my advice. W: I?ll take the English book. I need it for sure. Text 9 W: Can I help you? M: Oh, I feel terrible! I?ve got a pain in my left leg and I can?t even stand up. W: What happened? M: I slipped and fell when I was kicking a ball. W: Had you tried to treat it before you came to me? M: No. I didn?t know what to do. W: OK. Let me look at it; mm … you need an X-ray first. M: Ah, I feel so bad. How can I even get to the X-ray room? Would you mind if I sit in this wheel chair? W: Of course not. I?ll certainly help you get there. M: Do you think my leg is broken? W: I can?t be sure until the X-ray is developed. Don?t move it a bit. M; But it hurts. Oh, ouch … can I take some pain killers first? W: Sorry, you can?t. Just wait and see. The result may come out within fifteen minutes or so. M: But I am supposed to play in a football match next week.? W: No, you can?t do that! You will need a lot of rest. M: On, no! Terrible! Terrible! I hate this! W: Calm down, please! Getting upset won?t do any good. M: Heavens! Text 10 If you are looking for a new job, here are some job interview tips you should keep in mind when meeting with a potential employer. First, be sure to dress appropriately for the situation. If you are interviewing for a teaching job, then you might want to consider wearing nice pants and a dress shirt. However, you don?t want to overdress for the interview either. Next, be sure to do some research on the company for which you are interviewing. This will help you know if you have the needed skills or experience to work for that company. Finding out something about the company will also help you ask intelligent questions about their business to show them you are interested in their company. Finally, be prepared to tell them why you would be the best choice for the position. You don?t have to boast about your achievements, but you can tell them in a confident and direct way why you can help their company better than other applicants. Following the above tips, you will find a satisfying job sooner or later.