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英语:人教新目标七年级下英语语法综合复习


人教新目标七年级下英语语法综合复习
二、单元知识体系表 单元 U4 I want to be an actor. U5 I’m watching TV. U6 It’s raining! 话题 谈论职业 日常活动 天气情况 日常活动 话题 谈论外表 语法项目 形容词的使用 现在进行时态 现在进行时态

单元 U7 What does he look like? U8 I’d like some noodles. U9 How was your weekend?

语法项目 形容词的使用

谈论食物(交际-就餐)可数名词 不可数名词 (复习) 周末活动 一般过去时态

单元

话题

语法项目 一般过去时态 一般现在时态(复习)

U10 Where did you go on vacation? 谈论节假日活动 U11 What do you think of game 谈论喜好 shows? U12 Don’t eat in class. 谈论规则

祈使句的使用

三、横向语法项目总结 * (一)介词的使用(U2) * (二)形容词的使用(U3、4、7) * (三)(复习)可数名词和不可数名词(U8) * (四)简单祈使句的使用(U12) * (五)时态 (复习)一般现在时态 (U1、11) 现在进行时态(U5、6) 一般过去时态(U9、10) 四、本册重点知识要求标准 1. 介词 * 掌握表示时间、 位置和方式的常用介词及其词组的基本用法。 例如: on, at, of, by, for, in, under, with, about, after 等。 * 掌握常用动词、形容词与介词的固定搭配及其基本用法。 2. 形容词 * 掌握形容词比较级和最高级构成的一般规则。 * 掌握常见形容词比较级和最高级的不规则变化形式。 * 掌握形容词比较级和最高级的基本句型及其基本用法。

*

as+原级形式+as… not so (as)+原级形式+as… 比较级形式+than… the +最高级形式+of… (in…) Which (Who) …+比较级形式,…or…? Which (Who) …+最高级形式,…, …or…? 掌握形容词作表语和定语的用法。

3. 时态 * 掌握动词的过去式、现在分词的形式。 * 掌握动词现在进行时态和一般过去时态的基本结构和基本用法。 4. 祈使句 * 掌握祈使句的构成形式及基本用法。 5. 交际话题 * 问路(U2) 打电话(U6) 就餐(U8)

Period 1
介词的用法 介词练习 (幻灯片) 1. What time did you get there this morning? A. In B. On C. At 2. Who’s the man _______ black? He’s Mr. White. (‘03 宁波)

(Review Unit 1, 2)

_______ eight. (‘03 北京) D. From

A. in B. with C. on D. of 3. How are you going to the train station to meet your aunt? (‘03 河北) A. by B. in C. to D. on 4. You should make a good plan ___ you do anything important.

I’m going there _______ my car.

(‘04 南通)

A. before B. after C. though D. until 5. We are now short _____ fresh water. Something must be done to stop people _____ polluting it. (‘04 南通) A. for, to B. for, from C. of, to D. of, from 6. It was a very long day for Jack. He didn’t get home from school __ six o’clock. (‘04 杭州) A. since B. to C. by D. until 7. Gina was born ____ 1999. She is old enough to go to school. (‘06 海淀) A. to B. on C. at 8. When do you usually get up every day? ___ about 6:00 a.m. (‘06 吉林) D. in

A. At B. On C. In D. For 9. Who will be ___ duty tomorrow? Susan will. A. at B. on C. for D. in 10. After class, I like playing computer games and chatting ____ my friends ___ the Internet. A. to; by B. with; on C. for; in D. about; through Task:Can you tell me the way to …? :

Period 2

Review Unit 3, 4, 7

形容词的用法 * 规则形容词的比较级和最高级构成: * 单音节词尾+er / est few-fewer-fewest * 以 e 结尾词尾+r / st nice-nicer-nicest * 以辅音字母+y 结尾,变 y 为 i+er / est busy-busier-busiest * 以重读闭音节结尾的,双写最后字母+er / est fat-fatter-fattest * 多音节和部分双音节词,前面+more / most popular-more popular-most popular * 少数词有两种变化:friendly, clever, simple * 不规则变化 * good-better-best well-better-best * ill-worse-worst bad / badly-worse-worst many-more-most little-less-least far-farther-farthest far-further-further 形容词变副词 * 许多形容词词尾+ly 变为副词;如果形容词以辅音+y 结尾,要变 y 为 i 后+ly * quick-quickly usual-usually heavy-heavily 有些词虽然以 ly 结尾,但它们是形容词 easy-easily …

friendly, ugly, lovely 形容词原级、比较级、最高级句型 as+原级形式+as… not so (as)+原级形式+as… 比较级形式+than… the +最高级形式+of… (in…) Which (Who) …+比较级形式,…or…? Which (Who) …+最高级形式,…, …or…? 三个特殊句型 * 比较级+and+比较级:越来越… * * Our life is becoming better and better. the+比较级,the+比较级:越…,越… The more you eat, the heavier you will be. one of+最高级+名词复数:最…之一

Jack is one of the best students in the school. 形容词在句中的位置 * 一般放在所修饰的名词前 * * * a pretty girl 放在所修饰的复合不定代词后 nothing wrong 放在表示数量词组后 twelve meters long 放在 be 动词或系动词后 The flowers smell nice.

形容词练习 * 1. An elephant is ____ than a tiger. * A. heavy B. very heavy 2. I am __. I want a piece of bread. C. the heaviest D. heavier

A. full B. hungry C. tired D. thirsty * 3. Remember this, children. ___ careful you are, __ mistakes you will make. A. The more; the more B. The fewer; the more C. The less; the less D. The more; the fewer 4. Will you please drive _______? The train is leaving soon. (‘05 长春) A. quick B. faster C. slowly 5. Kate is really _______. She’s never angry with others. (‘05 安徽) D. more slowly

A. tall B. friendly C. lucky D. clever 6. I’m fourteen. My friend is sixteen. So I’m _______ him. (‘05 济南) A. as old as B. not younger than C. not so young as D. two years younger than 7. I think Alice is the right person for the job, because she’s always thinking ____ of others than of herself. (‘06 安徽) A. much B. more C. little D. less 8. Is your toothache getting better? No, it’s _____. (‘06 江西)

A. bad B. serious C. worse D. the worst 9. This year our school is ___ than it was last year. (‘06 陕西) A. much more beautiful C. the most beautiful B. much beautiful D. beautiful

Period 3

Review Unit 5,6,9,10

动词时态 现在进行时态: 含义:表示说话时正在发生的动作 结构:be(am;is;are)+doing 常与 now;at present 及 Look!;Listen!连用 例:He is doing his homework. 他正在做作业。 Is she watching TV at present? 她正在看电视吗? What are they doing? 他们在做什么? 一般过去时 含义:表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态 结构:动词的过去式形式做谓语 常与 yesterday;last year;just now;when I was young…连用 例:I went to Beijing last year. 我去年去的北京。 They didn’t finish their homework yesterday. 他们昨天没有完成作业。 Did you teach English in a middle school ten years ago? 你十年前在一所中学教英语吗? Where did you go just now? 你刚才去哪里了? 动词的现在分词构成 * 1. 一般情况+ing work-working * 2. 以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e+ing come-coming

*

3. 以重读闭音节结尾,双写最后一个字母+ing

plan-planning

get-getting

规则动词过去式构成 * 1. 一般情况+ed work-worked * 2. 以不发音的 e 结尾+d live-lived * 3. 以辅音+y 结尾,去 y 变 i+ed study-studied * 4. 以重读闭音节结尾,双写最后一个字母+ed stop-stopped 时态练习 1. I called you yesterday evening, but there was no answer. Oh, I am sorry I _______ dinner at my friend’s home. (‘04 南昌) 2. A. have B. had C. was having What are Mr and Mrs Black doing? They ____ tea in the garden. (‘03 北京) D. have had

A. are drinking B. drank C. have drunk 3. Excuse me, please look at the sign “No smoking”. Sorry, I _______. (‘05 安徽) A. don’t notice it B. am not noticed C. didn’t notice it 4. How was your weekend? Great! We _______ a picnic by the lake. (‘06 海淀) A. have B. are having C. had 5. Every year many foreigners _______ to China to learn Chinese.

D. drink

D. wasn’t noticed

D. will have (‘06 陕西) (‘06 宁

A. have come B. comes C. came D. come 6. We’ll go to the farm and help the farmers with the apple-picking if it ____ tomorrow. 波) A. won’t rain B. will be rainy C. doesn’t rain D. isn’t raining

Task:We are having a good time. : * You are having a good time in the evening. Please introduce what you your family members are doing in the picture.

Period 4
Brainstorming * * *

Review Unit U8, 11,12

(Unit 8 I’d like some noodles. Unit 11 What do you think of game shows? Unit 12 Don’t eat in class.)

Topic: Vocabulary: TV shows, give opinions Key sentences:

祈使句 * 祈使句:表示请求、命令、叮嘱、邀请、劝告等的句子。 * 祈使句的肯定句一般由动词原形开头,否定句以 Don’t 开头。 Be sure to get here before nine. Please go back to your seat. Don’t worry. I’ll be all right soon. 祈使句练习

* * * *

用所给词组成祈使句。 1. draw, wall, don’t, on, the 2. be, here, next, on, time, time 3. the, play, piano, Lily

交际练习(打电话、问路、就餐) Task:Can you help me? : * Please make a conversation with your friend according to one of the pictures.

Period 5

写作

中考说明中的写作能力要求 * 1. 能正确使用大小写字母和标点。 * 2. 能简单描述人物、活动或事件。 * 3. 写作话题与学生个人、家庭和学校生活密切相关。 * 4. 学生即能表述事实,又能表达观点、情感和态度等。 * 5. 能正确使用常见的连接词表示顺序和逻辑关系。 解读中考说明写作要求 * 1. 主题(写人、记事) * 2. 文章结构(开头、主体、结尾) * 3. 时态 * 4. 句式多样 * 5. 适当使用连词 * 6. 美词使用 写作话题 * 个人 (U1 结交笔友、U7 谈论朋友外表、U3、11 谈论喜好、U4 谈论未来职业) * 家庭(U9 周末活动、U10 节假日活动) * 学校(U12 学校规则) 写作方式 * 描述人物、活动或事件(U4 职业、U9、10 周末、节假日活动) * 表达观点、情感和态度(U3、11 谈论喜好等观点) 参考作文题目 一、个人 * 你班举行演讲比赛,主题是--我的朋友。你有两个笔友,你打算选择其中一位介绍给 大家。你的演讲稿要包括:笔友来自哪里;家庭情况;外表;爱好;他(她)想从事的职业; 你对拥有笔友的感受。(可以选用表格中的提示) Mary country Canada Ken Japan

Family appearance hobby Want to be feelings

One brother Tall, thin, long straight hair Read, teach kids to sing teacher Exciting, interesting

Two sisters Medium build, wear glasses Play sports, play computer games Computer programmer Fun,

二、家庭 * 本次班会的主题是--我难忘的周末(假期)。请你写出一次难忘的周末或假期。文章 内容要包括:周末(假期)活动;难忘的原因;感受。(可以选用下面的提示) weekend Activities vacation

Do homework; watch TV; play Visit aunt in New York; go to sports the beach Busy; tired but kind of fun Interesting, exciting relaxing and

Reasons feelings

Want to have more interesting Great vacation weekends

三、学校 * 家有家规,校有校规。你身边有什么样的家规或校规,你对它们是赞成还是反对。请写 一篇文章,介绍你的家规或校规,并陈述你对它们的观点。(可以选用下面的提示) At home Rules At school

Can’t watch TV on school nights; Wear uniforms; Have to clean rooms; Can’t eat in the classroom; Get up early; Can’t be late for school good rules for study Some are good but some are not good enough

opinions


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