东莞实验中学 2015-2016 学年度上学期高三第三次月考
本试卷满分 120 分。考试用时 120 分钟。
第I卷 第一部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Mobile Showers for the Homeless Our Story Doniece Sandoval has arranged marketing and development for both private and nonprofit organizations. Her passion is to find special solutions to problems that matter to her. Homelessness has been on her radar for quite some time but she was at a loss as to how to truly help—until she passed a young woman on the street crying over and over and saying that she would never be clean. Lava Mae is Doniece?s answer. Our Partners Lava Mae recognizes the power and truth behind the proverb “it takes a village” and we have combined this concept with our model. To most effectively deliver our service, we are partnering with other organizations: nonprofits working with the homeless, local government, and the private sectors. We are thrilled and honored to be working with each partner. Thank you all for your faithful support. Our Mission To deliver dignity and unlock opportunity for those experiencing homelessness—one mobile shower at a time. Fundamental to this mission are three beliefs: First, everyone has the right to be clean. Second, those experiencing homelessness can?t access jobs and housing or maintain health and wellbeing (福利) if they can?t get clean. Third, with hygiene (卫生) comes dignity; with dignity comes opportunity. Our Schedule Wednesdays: 9:30 am-1:00 pm; YWAM in the Tenderloin; 344 Ellis St. between Taylor and Jones. Thursdays: 9:30 am-3:30 pm; API Wellness in the Tenderloin. Fridays: 9:30 am-2:30 pm; YWAM in the Tenderloin; 344 Ellis St. between Taylor and Jones. Saturdays: 7:00 am-1:00 pm; Mission Neighborhood Resource Center. Our Invitation Help us deliver hygiene and dignity literally! Sign up to volunteer and make a difference—one mobile shower at a time. Please click here! 1. We can learn from Paragraph 1 that Doniece Sandoval __________. A. has donate a lot of researches on helping the homeless
B. got her special idea to help the homeless accidentally C. helped the homeless along the street out of their trouble D. has been merely enthusiastic about organizing activities 2. When can the homeless take a shower according to the passage? A. At 11:00 am on Tuesday. B. At 2:00 pm on Wednesday. C. At 10:00 am on Friday. D. At 2:00 pm on Saturday. 3. What are you invited to do according to the passage? A. Volunteer in the organization. B. Try to take a shower there. C. Click the page and donate. D. Introduce the program to others. B Twelve years ago, I arrived in Central Florida from Puerto Rico. I had heard of a job opportunity and decided to pursue it. But it never became a reality. I quickly learned that being alone without resources in an unfamiliar city was not a comfortable situation to be in. Once my limited funds ran out I became homeless and spent a year and a half living on the streets of Orlando. Apart from feeling not being noticed and missing my family, I had to face another challenge—hunger. For the first time in my life, I, as a foreign man, who had lived my life in the relative comfort of the middle class, understood the desperation someone feels when they don?t get enough to eat. I clearly remembered having run a distance of more than 7 miles on many occasions just to make it to a local feeding program before they closed at 7 pm. Once the need for food was met, the next challenge would arise—where to find a place to sleep for the night. Fortunately, local programs like the Coalition for the Homeless, Second Harvest Food Bank and the Wayne Densch Center were an important part of my ability to survive my painful experience. With the assistance of these programs, I was accepted by a college scholarship program through the Coalition and obtained two degrees from Valencia. My experience has helped me understand that devoting my life to helping others offers lasting rewards. Today, I am employed as Childhood Hunger Programs Manager at Second Harvest Food Bank and oversee the summer feeding, Hi-Five Kids Pack, and Kids Café programs. I am so proud to be able to distribute food resources to those wonderful programs and help hundreds more like me. 4. What can be inferred from Paragraph 1? A. It was impossible for the author to get a job then. B. Many local people were out of work in Florida. C. Florida was not a good place for people living there. D. The author rejected many chances to get a job in Florida. 5. Why did the author run a distance of over 7 miles on many occasions? A. Because he didn?t want to be late for work there. B. Because he desired to get some food to eat. C. Because he went there to help the poor.
D. Because he helped distribute food resources to the poor. 6. Before being accepted by a college scholarship author________________. A. had lived with his relatives happily B. had won his degree in a university C. had been struggling financially D. had lost hope of facing the future
7. From his experience, the author learns that ________________. A. misfortune may be an actual blessing B. a friend in need is a friend indeed C. where there is a will there is a way D. one good turn deserves another C On the banks of Tanzania?s Lake Eyasi lives the world?s last hunter-gatherer tribe (部落) — the Hadza. They don?t grow food, raise animals or build houses. Instead they live a life unchanged for more than ten thousand years. Their world is one of complete freedom — something modern society can barely imagine and is unlikely to ever experience, let alone have the skills to stay alive. Text messages and phone calls don?t exist. Nor do cars and electricity. No jobs, timetables, and social structures. No laws, taxes and unbelievably, no money — the closest thing to currency is the trade for a pair of shorts with a neighboring tribe. We spent our time with the Hadza hunting baboons (狒狒), a daily activity for the men. Their land is packed with sharp bushes, poisonous snakes and man-eating lions. But a successful hunting trip is the difference between eating or going hungry. The Hadza diet consists mainly of honey, fruit and meat. Men often hunt in pairs to shoot animals with bows and arrows. The Hadza show us how to track animals, from baboons to snakes to lions. They are hugely skilled with their handmade bows and arrows — we have a go and barely get the arrow to go three feet in front of us. The language of the Hadza is believed to be the oldest still-spoken language known to man. The Hadza don?t have conflict, and have no memory of starvation. Their population never reaches numbers that cannot be supported through hunting or gathering. They never get from their land more than they need. Unlike modern-day office workers, the Hadza enjoy an extraordinary amount of free time. Their “work” — hunting for food — takes up around five hours of their day. They?ve been in such a state of peaceful existence for thousands of years. 8. We can learn from the text that the Hadza_______. A. lead a very primitive life B. live on traditional agriculture C. have their own system of currency D. show a lot of interest in new technology 9. Which of the following can describe the Hadza’s environment?
A. Stressful. B. Comfortable. C. Exciting. D. Dangerous. 10. The relationship between the Hadza and nature_______. A. is going wrong B. is full of conflict C. is in perfect harmony D. is changing all the time 11. Why does the author come to visit the Hadza? A. To study their native language. B. To get to know their way of life. C. To learn survival skills from them. D. To persuade them to protect animals. D Children are hooked on (着迷) computers. Some spend up to six hours a day on their gadgets. They can be playing games live with others elsewhere in the world, updating their status on social media, texting friends or looking for the latest app to download to their tablets or smart phones. This worried Martin Strott, headmaster of the Old Hall School in Wellington, in the west of England. He was so concerned that he challenged his students to take part in a week of ?digital detox? (戒毒). Strott told the local newspaper, the Shropshire Star, that he encourages the pupils to have a good knowledge of the computer from a young age, but is concerned that too much screen time will affect the development of their social skills. He said that this over-reliance on digital devices “erodes family time and they?re missing out on messages from body language and facial expressions from those around them”. According to the headmaster, the parents are happy with the movement. But what about the children? Nine-year-old Fred usually spends around two hours on his gadgets at home after school and around 12 hours on weekends. For him, the digital detox experience was “really hard”. Fred spent it playing outside, especially basketball. He said that he would probably engage in different activities from now on but he did miss his phone and online games. The idea of keeping children away from their tech for a while to prevent ?addiction? is not particularly new. There have been similar movements in the US. But are they effective in the long run? Well, even if kids go back to their gadgets, the hope is that at least they?ll think about how they use their time. What about you: do you spend too many hours hooked on your digital devices? 12. According to the passage, which of the following is not the reason why children are hooked on computers __________. A. developing their social skills by having some online conversations. B. searching for the newest app and install them to their smart phones. C. playing games live with people who are living elsewhere in the world. D. releasing some new information about their status on social media 13. Which of the following words can replace the word “erodes” in Para 2? A. enriches B. saves C. adjusts D. ruins 14. According to the article, where else can you find digital detox movements? A. In Korea
B. In the US C. In Japan D. In China 15. Why did the headmaster challenge his students to take part in digital detox? A. Because he wanted them to have a good knowledge of computer science. B. Because he wanted them to have a better understanding of body language. C. Because he hoped to transfer children?s attention to something meaningful. D. Because he was pushed by many worried parents and concerned authorities. 第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两 项为多余选项。注意：填涂答题卡时，如选 E 请同时涂黑 AB；选 F 涂黑 CD；选 G 涂黑 AC！ Travel Tips That Are No Longer True We all love a great trip, but some of the classic tips for travelers no longer hold true. 16 1. Book a plane ticket far in advance to save money. This myth may have been true back in the 1960s, when flights were less common than they are today. Back then, the demand for a flight would naturally increase as the date approached, there being few other options. 17 According to recent studies, the best time to buy a domestic ticket was between six and seven weeks before. 2. 18 Don?t ignore the benefits of going straight to the hotel to negotiate a good deal on a room. Many hotel chains offer rate guarantees and encourage customers to book directly. Hotels also frequently have discounts or some offers that third-party websites don?t know. Apart from this, hotels give the upgrades, not the booking agents. 3. Avoid street food. 19 If this means standing up at a cheap street stall (摊位), then follow the crowd. Don?t sit down at a restaurant and spend four times more, on the simple assumption that it?s the only safe option. Can you see what?s going on in the kitchen? 4. Carry your money in a special pocket or pouch. This is the fastest way to stand out from locals — who will have their money in a wallet or purse. Only take what you need when you leave your hotel room. 20 A. When in Rome, do what the Romans do. B. The best hotel prices are on travel websites. C. And make sure to put your wallet in a front pocket. D. This is only true if you are buying products that are heavily taxed. E. Let yourself relax in a warm room for one or two people in single beds. F. These days, many alternatives for the most popular routes mean that demand stays steady. G. Check the updates on these tall tales (无稽之谈) to save cash and add experience to your trip. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中， 选出最佳选项。 A couple of months ago, I made a promise to myself. I had put some money in an envelope in my __21__ and set an intention to give this envelope __22__ to the first person I came across who __23__ it. Months passed by, and__24__ my daily life got busy, I was __25__ to keep my own promise. Whenever I opened my wallet and saw the __26__, I was reminded of my __27__ for it, and I would feel a little ___28___ for having not acted upon it. The voice within told me to do____29___ . Today, while walking to work on a busy street, I passed a ___30___ elderly lady with her hands out on the sidewalk. Seeing her wrinkled face and sightless eyes, I stopped ___31___ . Waves of sympathy washed over me, and I ___32___ the envelope of money that had been lying in my wallet all these months. I ___33___ the money from the envelope and bent down to her level. ___34___ , I took her hand, pressed the dollar bills into her hand, and closed her fingers over them so that she could __35__ the money and understand my gesture. When I got up, I slowly moved away. I felt like I had ___36___ something. I had kept my word to myself. The lady slightly nodded her head. I felt ___37___ and moved on. ___38___, I thought about why such a ___39____ act had taken so long. This small act was a huge step toward facing and walking through my own fears around____40___ . What a blessing it is to complete these generous little gestures! 21. A. coat 22. A. back 23. A. found 24. A. as 25. A. unfamiliar 26. A. sign 27. A. intention 28. A. satisfied 29. A. anything 30. A. deaf 31. A. immediately 32. A. discovered 33. A. threw away 34. A. Nervously 35. A. feel 36. A. missed 37. A. worried 38. A. Therefore 39. A. brave 40. A. giving communicating B. wallet B. out B. used B. until B. unable B. note B. respect B. disappointed B. nothing B. blind B. gradually B. ignored B. took out B. Proudly B. see B. explored B. awkward B. Afterwards B. heartwarming B. doing C. pocket C. away C. earned C. though C. unknown C. photo C. design C. surprised C. something C. tired C. calmly C. forgot C. counted out C. Gently C. accept C. noticed C. blessed C. Moreover C. regular C. promising D. handbag D. up D. deserved D. if D. unbelievable D. envelope D. longing D. angry D. everything D. weak D. unhappily D. remembered D. added up D. Quickly D. keep D. achieved D. hopeful D. Finally D. practical D.
第 II 卷 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节： （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形 式。 Orville and Wilbur Wright were the two American brothers that invented the first airplane. They started out as bicycle repairmen. Soon, they became interested in different types of machines and began to learn 41 the machines worked. They observed birds flying 42 (get) ideas, as well as read about other inventors? attempts to make aircraft. In 1900, the brothers completed their first design of a kite glider(滑翔机) and tested 43 in North Carolina. They tested kite gliders both with and without 44 pilot. Finally, in 1903, the first engine-powered Wright Flyer 45 (invent). The “Wright Flyer I” had a gas engine and wooden propellers(螺旋桨). After they continuously improved it upon 46 (early) designs, the brothers successfully received a patent in 1906 for their Flying Machine. Modern airplanes today are very different 47 the first Flying Machine. They fly faster and offer greater 48 (safe). And in order to ensure passengers? enjoyment and comfort, modern airplanes are much better equipped, with television sets 49 (build) in. Some planes have seats 50 can be adjusted to become beds and on the very newest planes, passengers can even use the Internet!
第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题; 每小题一分，满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语法错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧）,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。 This afternoon I went to see my grandmother by a bus. It was very crowded but I had to stand. Besides me there was a woman held a little boy in her arms. In front of her, a young man takes two seats, pretending to be sleeping. I heard the little boy curious asking his mother, “What?s wrong with this uncle?” I had thought if perhaps the mother would blame the man. Beyond her expectations, the woman answered with a smile, “Be quiet. This uncle must very tired because of hard work.” The young man must have he ard the words. His face turned red and then offered one seat for the woman at once. 第二节书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华。你的网友 Susan 五年前曾经在你的家乡担任外教，最近发来邮
件询问你的家乡这些年的变化。 请你给 Susan 回复一封邮件，要点如下： 1. 介绍家乡的巨变（住、行等方面） ； 2. 存在的问题（污染等） 。 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可适当增加细节，使行文连贯； 3. 邮件的开头和结尾已给出，但不计入总词数。 Dear Susan, Glad to hear from you and I?m more than willing to tell you what you are concerned about. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ I hope that you?ll be back to have a look at the new town soon. Yours, Li Hua
一、听力 1-5 CBCAB 6-10 BBCCB 11-15 CBABC 二、阅读理解 A 篇：DCB B 篇：BBCD C 篇：CBDB D 篇：CACD 三、七选五 31—35 BGAEF 四、完型填空 36—40 BDADB 41—45 ACDBB 46—50 ADCBA 51—55 DCBAD 五、语法填空
57. are destroyed
59. truly 64. in
60. standing 65. yours
61. who / that
62. more likely
七、书面表达： Good morning, dear friends. Welcome to our school. Now please allow me to introduce you to some of our school rules here. As high school students, firstly, we are expected to be neatly dressed when at school. Secondly, it must be made clear that we should never be late for class or leave school before it is over. The school is a place for us to live and study in, so we must keep it clean. Lastly, when you are walking on the road, please remember to keep to the right, and, if you want to go to school by bike, you must have a bicycle-permit. Thanks.