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黑龙江省大庆实验中学2015-2016学年高一英语下学期开学考试试题


大庆实验中学 2015—2016 学年度下学期 高一年级开学考试英语试题
说明:本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分,满分 150 分,时间 120 分钟 第一卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节: (共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A, B, C, 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷相应的位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How will the man recognize the woman’s house? A. By the gate. A. At an airport. A. The terrible weather. A. Surprising. A. At two o’clock. B. By the big tree. B. At a travel agency. B. Electricity failure. B. Sad. B. At half past two. C. By the flowers. C. At a barber’s. C. Big trees. C. Expectable. C. At three o’clock. 2.Where are the speakers mainly talking about? 3.What are the speakers mainly talking about? 4.What does the woman think of the ending? 5.When does the English class start? 第二节: (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 [来源:学科网]5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 8 题 6. Who does the woman send the gift to? A. Her sister. A. It is convenient. stress. 8. What does the man promise to do if the woman buys the car seat? A. Send her a gift. something else. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 11 题 9. Why didn’t the man take his car? A. His friend borrowed it. B. It’s difficult to find a car park.[来源:Z-xk.Com] C. He wanted to avoid the traffic jam. 10. What kind of food did the man have? A. Spanish food. B. Mexican food. C. Chinese food.
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B. Her daughter. B. It is required by law.

C. Her mother. C. It can relieve

7. Why do all parents need the car seat?

B. Give her a discount(折扣)

C. Exchange it for

11. Where did the man go after dinner? A. To his friend’s. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题 12. Why doesn’t the woman want to go to the theatres downtown? A. They are expensive. A. On the post. B. They are crowded. B. In the paper. C. They are far away. C. On the Internet. 13. Where do the speakers find the theatre information? B. To the river bank. C. To a cinema.

14. What will the speakers do tonight? A. Stay at home. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题 15. What is the weather like in the man’s country? A. It is rainy most of the year. B. It is cold most of the year. C. It is warm all the year. 16. When does the woman’s country have sandstorms? A. In the late spring. A. A hurricane. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题 18. What is the speed of Hurricane Harry? A. Less than 50 miles per hour. B. About 100 miles per hour. C. More than 150 miles per hour. 19. What is dangerous for people? A. Staying indoors. B. Staying in the car. C. Leaving town before 3:00 pm. 20. What should people do with the wires after the hurricane? A. Repair them by themselves. B. Call the electric company for help. C. Wait for the electric company’s help. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A As the father of a student, I have experienced first hand what a great teacher is. th My son was in the 4 grade last year, and he had a teacher called Miss Green. I believe that when he is an adult he will surely look back on her as the best teacher he has ever had. My son has attention deficit disorder( 注意力缺损症 ) that makes it a little more
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B. Go to the gym.

C. Go to the theatre.

B. In the early summer. B. A snowstorm.

C. In the late autumn. C. A sandstorm.

17. What disaster did the man’s country have last year?

difficult for him to learn. She was able to change her teaching methods for him so that he could keep up with the rest of the class. As a result, he got straight As on many subjects. She regarded her class as a family and they even had their own class song. She would often have them sing it to encourage them and develop a team spirit for them. When she saw that they were no longer listening carefully to what she was teaching, she would have them close their textbooks, stand up all around the room and throw around a small football. This helped them clear their minds and then pay attention to the lesson again. Besides, she was quick to reply to any phone calls or emails from us and got rid of our worries about children quickly. th When my son went to the 5 grade this year, we happened to pass her classroom. When she saw my son, she smiled, and she came out and hugged him. She generally loves all of the children in her classroom and that love really shows. I can only pray that my son will continue to get teachers just like her for the rest of his school years. 21. With the teacher’s help, the writer’s son ______. A. became the best student in his class B. was interested in singing songs th C. quickly finished his 4 grade lessons D. improved his grades greatly 22. Which of the following is NOT true about Miss Green? A. She regarded the students as members of a family. B. She had special ways to help students study. C. She was good at teaching football and music. D. She usually made a quick reply to parents’ emails.[来源:学*科网] 23. We can learn from the passage that ______. th A. Miss Green didn’t teach the writer’s son in the 5 grade B. Miss Green was the best teacher at the school C. all the students in the school liked Miss Green D. the writer’s son had many teachers like Miss Green 24. In the passage, the writer mainly tells us ______. A. what his son studied at school B. his son once had a good teacher C. how to be a good and popular teacher D. a teacher who liked playing with students B The average American child spends three to five hours a day watching TV. In 1961, the average child began to watch television at age three; however, today it is nine months. Yet, most parents think that television has bad influence on their children. For example, in the early 1970s, my parents believed that my bad eyesight was the result of sitting too close to the screen, and they therefore made my stay at least six feet from it. Today, most people have no such worry, but many new ridiculous (荒谬的) sayings have appeared: *TV makes kids stupid. Many children watch more educational programs when they are pre-schoolers. When they grow up, they can read more books and have much better ideas to solve difficult problems than other children. *TV makes kids violent. The real story is not so simple. Hundreds of studies show that watching [来源:学.科网ZXK]violence on TV makes children more aggressive (好斗的). But a study of over 5,000 children also finds that some positive programs make children kinder. The problem is that kids are increasingly [来源:学*科网]watching shows with violence instead of those suitable for their age.
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*Sitting around watching TV makes kids overweight. An experiment finds that when children watch less television, they do lose extra weight; however, reducing their television time does not make them more active. The real problem lies in snacking (吃 零食). A widespread habit for kids, and junk-food advertisements(广告). *TV helps kids get to sleep. The opposite is true. The more television children watch, the more likely they are to have irregular(不规律的)sleep and nap(小睡) patterns. Allowing kids to watch television is part of the problem, not the solution. 25. Which one is the advantage of educational TV programs? A. They will make children solve difficult problems better than others. B. They will improve children’s ability to get along with others. C. They are likely to make children more aggressive. D. They will make sure of children’s success in the future. 26. Why are children spending much time watching TV likely to be fat? A. Watching TV makes children lazy and inactive. B. Children are attracted by the food advertisement on TV. C. Watching TV doesn’t burn up as much fat as doing sports. D. Children like to snack while watching TV. 27. What influence does watching TV have on a child’s sleep? A. Children are likely to sleep deeper after watching TV. B. Children’s sleep time will be greatly reduced. C. It will make children form a bad habit of sleeping. [来源:Z-xk.Com] D. It will make children sleep easier. 28. What is the purpose of this text? A. To increase people’s knowledge of watching TV. B. To warn parents of the disadvantages of watching TV. C. To explain the bad influences that watching TV has on children. D. To correct parents’ wrong ideas of television’s effect on children. C Most children are exposed to literature from an early age ,that is , being read books and told stories and, later, kids will go on to read on their own. These stories help children to understand the world, and the characters help teach them how we behave as people. There are several different types of children's literature. Picture books are for young children or beginning readers. They can either have just pictures, without words, such as “The Snowman” or have pictures with a small amount of text, like in “Where the Wild Things Are”. Picture books often feature repetitive phrases to help children who are learning to read. Fantasy books are any novel that is based on unrealistic(不现实的) events. Fantasy is widespread in children's literature. Perhaps the most famous children's fantasy books of the late 20th and early 21st centuries are the “Harry Potter” novels. Realistic children's literature can either be set in contemporary(当代的)times or in the past. As the name suggests, the characters are realistic and the plot line follows something that could actually happen. Realistic historical fiction(小说)uses real events from the past as a basis for the story. Traditional literature is the name given to any stories which orally stemmed from and were later written [ 来源: 学* 科 网]down. These include some fairy tales, folk tales, myths, legends. Traditional literature stories can [来源:学科网Z-XK]be found in books, and some are the ones that a parent
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may tell a child from memory. Some of the best known traditional literature stories include “The Tortoise and the Hare,” “Cinderella,” and “Little Red Riding Hood.” 29. What do we know from Paragraph 1? A. It is forbidden to read to kids when they are small. B. It is not a choice to read to kids when they are small. C. It is not a good action to develop a reading habit. D. It is of great benefit for parents to read to kids. 30. Which of the following types do “Harry Potter” novels belong to? A. Picture books B. Fantasy books C. Realistic children’s literature D. Traditional literature 31. According to paragraph 4,realistic historical fiction _______. A. tells stories that happened in the past. B. tells stories that happened at the moment. C. tells stories that happened in the future. D. is based on unrealistic events. 32. The underlined word “stemmed from” in the last paragraph is closed in meaning to “________”. A. started from B. came over C. put on D. resulted in D When Joan gave birth to the first boy in her family in three generations, she and her husband were overjoyed. So were her parents. Joan expected her elder sister, Sally, to be just as delighted as them. Joan had always admired Sally, the beauty and the star of the family, and felt happy about her achievements.[来源:Z-xk.Com] But since the baby's arrival, the sisters have become distant. Joan feels hurt for Sally seems completely uninterested in her baby. Sally, who has no children, claims that her younger sister "acts as if no one ever had a baby before." Neither Sally nor Joan understands that the real cause of the current coldness is that their family roles have suddenly changed to the opposite. Finally Joan seems to be better than her elder sister--and Sally doesn't like it! Their distance may be temporary, but it shows that childhood competition don't fade(消退) easily as ages grow. It can remain powerful in relationships throughout life. In a study of the University of Cincinnati, 65 men and women between ages 25 and 93 were asked how they felt about their brothers and sisters. Nearly 75 percent admitted having hidden competitive feelings. In a few cases, these emotions were so strong as to have affected their entire lives. Many adult brothers and sisters are close, supportive,but still tend to compete. Two brothers I know turn into killers when on opposite sides of a tennis net. Off the court (球场), they are the best of friends. My own younger sister can't wait to tell me when I've put on weight. However, she's a terrible cook and that pleases me; I tease her when she comes to dinner. Happily, despite these small failings, we have been an important resource for each other. Some brothers and sisters stay at arm's length, but never give up competition completely. Why do these puzzling, unproductive, often painful relationships continue to exist? 33. When Joan's son was born, Sally______ . A. felt very happy B. didn’t feel delighted C. moved away D. admired her a lot
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34. What happens to children's desire to compete with their brothers and sisters?[来源:学科网] A. It sometimes will disappear when they grow up.[来源:学科网Z-XK] B. It will never disappear throughout life. C. It will improve their relationships when they grow up. D. It will never harm their relationships when they grow up. 35. Why does the author's sister often tell her when she's put on weight? A. Because she wants the author to go on a diet. B. Because she wants the author to stop calling her a bad cook. C. Because she wants to make fun of the author's weight. D. Because she wants to be honest with the author. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据对话情景和内容,从对话后的选项中选出能入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 We all know a wagging (摇摆的) tail means the dog is friendly. __36__ However, a dog wagging its tail also may be scared or ready for a fight. Here are some tips on how to understand a dog’s body language. When you see a dog whose tail is wagging wide and fast, the message is almost always “Glad to see you!” On the other hand, a dog holding its tail horizontally(水平地) wants to know more about you. It might not be ready to welcome you. __37__ It is still deciding whether you are a friend or not. The same is true of a dog whose tail is wagging slowly. When a dog hears or sees something new or exciting, its ears will go up or forward. __38__ Its ears can also be pointed in different directions, allowing the dog to quickly figure out where a sound is coming from. Watch your dog’s facial expression to learn more about how it is feeling. You might even catch it smiling. __39__ Dogs probably smile for the same reason we do. They want others to know they don’t mean any harm. Body language is one thing. __40__ They are full of meaningful messages for dog owners. A. But it’s not going to challenge you either. B. A dog uses its entire body to show messages. C. A dog that is wagging its tail might be happy. D. A dog’s barks and other noises are quite another. E. It isn’t really hard to understand what your dog is trying to say. F. When it smiles, it pulls the corners of its mouth back to show the teeth. G. Its hearing is very good and it often knows about the approach of a person. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项。 A lady wanted a birthday gift from her husband. For many months she had liked a beautiful__41__ , and knowing her husband could__42__it, she told him that was all she wanted. On the morning of the __43__, her husband told her how__44__he was to have such a good wife, and how much he loved her. He __45__her a beautiful gift package (纸盒). She opened it and__46__a Bible.__47__, she raised her voice and said to her husband, “With all your money, you give me a Bible?” She was so__48__that she left him. Many years passed and the lady was very__49__in business. She owned two large companies. She __50__her husband was very old, and thought perhaps she should go to__51__him. But
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before she could, she__52__a letter telling her that he had died, and gave all of his possessions (财产) to her. She needed to come back and__53__things. When she arrived at his house, sadness__54__ her heart. She saw the still new__55__, just as she had left it years before. With__56__, she opened it and began to turn the pages. A ring__57__from the Bible to the floor and a __58__ could be seen. She picked it up and found it was the ring she wanted in those days. And on the card was the date of her birth, and the words “LOVE YOU ALWAYS”. __59__ your gift is not packaged the way you want it, it’s because it is better packaged the way it is! Always appreciate little things; they usually lead you to bigger things! The best and most beautiful things in the world cannot be seen or even touched for they must be felt with the__60__. 41. A. watch B. ring C. coat D. box 42. A. afford B. like C. design D. guess 43. A. holiday B. performance C. birthday D. meeting 44. A. proud B. kind C. sorry D. brave 45. A. lent B. asked C. gave D. moved 46. A. carried B. found C. missed D. held 47. A. Politely B. Lightly C. Patiently D. Angrily 48. A. calm B. upset C. grateful D. careless 49. A. failing B. lonely C. successful D. poor 50. A. wondered B. hoped C. realized D. explained 51. A. visit B. understand C. catch D. help 52. A. passed B. wrote C. sent D. received 53. A. take care of B. pay for C. look for D. give away [来源:学科网Z-XK] 54. A. covered B. broke C. left D. filled 55. A. car B. Bible C. letter D. table 56. A. smiles B. laughter C. tears D. interests 57. A. hid B. dropped C. disappeared D. made 58. A. book B. pen C. flower D. card 59. A. If B. But C. Although D. So 60. A. hand B. eye C. face D. heart 第二节:单项选择(共 10 小题;每题 1 分,满分 10 分) 61.—Do you know Tom, who used to be late for classes, is studying very hard at school now? —________ It sounds very unbelievable. A. Don’t mention it! B. Excellent! C. No problem. D. Really? 62. You can ______this dictionary when you write your composition and meet some new words. A. refer to B. look at C. ask for D. mention 63. It _______long before we ________ the result of the election. A. will not be; will know B. is; will know C. will not be; know D. is; know 64. We will use the room to make experiments. Please take away all the things ______to you, will you? A. to belong B. belonging
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C. belonged D. to be belonged [来源:学.科网ZXK] 65. The new book is very popular______ young people, who like the content and style. A. with B. to C. on D. for[来源:学+科网ZXK] 66._______he failed at last in the competition _______he realized how important it was to train hard. A. It is only then; that B. It was that; when C. It is only when; that D. It was only when; that 67. — Shall we go out to play in the park this weekend? —Oh, with so much work_____, I don’t know if I can go with you. A. to do B. doing C. done D. do 68. He is a person who has no confidence and can’t stand_____. A. making fun of B. being made fun of C. to make fun of D. being making fun 69. It is difficult to use the machine_____ you have read the instructions carefully. A. after B. until C. when D. since 70. ____is agreed that he is a student who is really kind and always considers______ others. A. It; to help B. As; helping C. It; helping D. As; to help 第二卷 第三节:语法填空 (共 10 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Mr Black: Mrs White, thank you very much for __71__ (allow) me to visit your wonderful garden. __72__ really helps me a lot to write an article on Dorset Gardens for my paper. Could you tell me when you __73__ (become) interested in gardening? Mrs White: Well, I was always interested in wild flowers. In 1980 I read Margery Fisher's book “College Garden Flowers”, __74__was full of practical advice. But I was reading about plants that I didn't know. So I started to read as much __75__I could and get different writers' advice. Mr Black: Hmm, now what was your first garden __76__? Mrs White: It was __77__very tiny piece of land, which came with my house in Harrow, West London. Mr Black: Do you grow many plants by __78__? Mrs White: __79__ (honest), I don't grow many plants from seeds, but I have several friends; we often give each other plants. My garden is a place which __80__ (usual) reminds me of so many people through the plants they have given me. Mr Black: I have learned a lot. Thanks. 第四部分:写作 (共两节:满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 短文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句话最多两处错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在此处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出增加的词; 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉; 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
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2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。 Dear Mandy, I'm not doing well in my lessons at school,especial in maths. My dad says I must try hard because he wants me go to university. He thinks I'm lazy,but it's not true. I work really hard,often studied late into the night!I've tried to talk to my mother,but she always said I have to work as hard like my brother does. My brother doesn't study very hard,and he always gets excellent grades. It's not fair! The only thing I like it is art. My teacher says I'm the best student she's had for year. When I tell his dad this,all he says is“You mustn't waste your time on art. You must focus your mind on your lessons!”I'm feeling quite puzzling what to do now. Would you please help me out? Thanks a lot! Yours sincerely, Lisa 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你叫李华,请根据下面的提示,给某英文报写一篇倡议书,倡议 “健康生活” 。要点如 下: 1.均衡饮食,多吃蔬菜水果,少吃肉类; 2.多锻炼,如跑步、打球等; 3.保持快乐的心态,多交朋友等; 4.其他建议。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数; 3.可适当拓展内容,以使行文流畅。 Dear everyone, Recently we have faced some health problems because of sitting too long and less exercise and [ 来 源 : 学 + 科 + 网 Z+XK]great stress .__________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________ [来源:学.科网ZXK]
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高一英语开学考试答案 听力:1-5 BCACA 11-15 BABAA 阅读理解:21-24 DCAB 29-32 完形填空:41-45BACAC 51-55ADADB 单项选择:61-65DACBA 语 法 填 空 : 71.allowing 78.yourself 改错答案: 1. especial 改为 especially 改为 says 书面表达: Dear everyone, Recently we have faced some health problems because of sitting too long and less exercise and great stress. In fact, it is very important to keep healthy, But how to keep healthy? First, we should have a healthy balanced diet. We can eat more vegetables and fruit, while we’d better eat less meat. Then, having sports every day can help us keep healthy, too. We can have walks after dinner, we can do morning exercises and we can spend hours playing basketball or soccer. Happiness is another way to keep healthy. To keep us happy, we can make friends ,keep humorous and even listen to music. If you smile often, you also feel happy . So be happy to be healthy. I am looking forward to your reply and tell me how you keep healthy. Best wishes for you . Your truly, Li Hua 5.like 改为 as my 10.puzzling 改为 puzzled 2.me 后加 to 3. studied 改为 studying 4. said 6. and 改为 but 7. 去掉 it 8. year 改为 years 9. his 改为 79.Honestly 6-10 ABCBC 16-20CBCBC 25-28ADCD DBAA 33-35BBC 36-40CAGFD 46-50 BDBCC 56-60 CBDAD 66-70 DABBC 72.It 73.became 74.which 75.as 76.like 77. a 80. usually

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