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社会现象 A Electronic waste, or e-waste, refers to electronic products that are no longer usable. This can include TVs, cell phones and computers and other office electronics, electronic toys and videos machines. Today, the average turnover(更换)rate for a computer in the United States is every two years, according to the environmental group, Greenpeace. The group's Dai Yun says e-waste is a global problem. "The electronic industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. The high speed of growth in this industry means more and more electronic products are being wasted and thrown away. If no one decides to retrieve the old products and process them properly, the electronic waste will sweep over the earth like the huge wave behind me and pollute the Earth seriously." Greenpeace works out that 20 to 50 million tons of e-waste are produced globally each year. The components (部件) in many electronic products contain harmful chemicals that pollute ground water and the environment. At present , the U.S. has no federal law for the disposal (处理) of e-waste although a few states have e-waste recycling programs in place, but there is no law. The U.S. exports much of its e-waste to third world countries, such as India and China, where workers took apart computers for valuable parts, hoping to sell them for money. But harmful wastes expert, Dr. Bakul Rao, says that's a dangerous practice. "From now on, the recyclers are not very educated. All they know is they can retrieve copper or gold out of it. So, the easiest way to do that is leach (过滤) it out in an acid or burn it off to retrieve it. So, that's where they don't know how to deal with it, neither do they have any health systems in place. So, their exposure is more." 1. Which of the following is most likely not to be a form of e-waste? A. A mobile phone B. A radio C. An e-bike D. A table 2. What does the underlined word "retrieve" (paragraph 2) probably mean? A. look into B. take apart C. get back D. throw away 3. What of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. The U.S. has strict national laws for dealing with e-waste. B. Third world countries importe waste to get valuable parts, which is a safe and easy way to make money. C. The way uneducated workers deal with old computers does great harm to the environment as well as to their own health. D. More and more electronic waste is being wasted and thrown away mainly because of people's bad habits. 4. What is the purpose of writing the passage? A. To attract more people's attention to e-waste. B. To call on people not to throw away e-waste anywhere. C. To tell people what e-waste is and how to deal with it well. D. To warn people to break away from the electronic industry.
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5. The next paragraph probably concerns_______. A. how to deal with e-waste properly B. how to protect ourselves from harm by e-waste C. How to slow down the development in the electronic industry D. how to make full use of e-waste B They are among the 250, 000 people under the age of 25 who are out of work in the Netherlands, a group that explains the cause of 40 percent of the nation?s unemployed. A storm of anger boils up at the government -sponsored (政府资助的) youth center, event among those who are continuing their studies. “We study for jobs that don?t exist, ” Nicollets Steggerda, 23, said. After thirty years of prosperity, unemployment among 10 member nations of the European Community has reached as much as 11 percent, affecting a total of 12.3 million people, and the number is climbing. The bitter disappointment long expressed by British youths is spreading across the Continent. The title of a rock song“ No Future” can now be seen written on the brick walls of closed factories in Belgium and France. Recent surveys have found that the increasing argument in the last few years over the deployment ( 部 署 ) in Europe of North Atlantic Treaty Organization missiles and the possibility of nuclear war have clouded European youths' confidence(信心)in the future. One form of protest(an action that shows disagreement ) tends to put the responsibility for a country?s economic troubles on the large numbers of “guest workers” from Third World nations, people welcomed in Western Europe in the years of prosperity. Young Europeans, brought up in an extended period of economic success and general stability, seem to be similar to Americans more than they do their own parents. Material enjoyment has given them a sense of expectation , even the right, to a standard of living that they see around them. “And so we pass the days at the discos, or meet people at the cafe, and sit and stare, ” said Isabella Cault. “There is usually not much conversation. You look for happiness. Sometimes you even find it.” 6.Unemployment in the Netherlands has affected________. A. about 0.6 million people B. 250, 000 people C. less than half of the population D. one million people 7.What Nicollete Steggerda said (Para. 2)means that________. A. what the students learn is more than necessary B. the students cannot get work after graduation C. the students? aim in study is not clear D. school education is not sufficient(enough) 8.What does the underlined word “prosperity” most probably mean? A. advance in politics B. economic troubles C. political crisis(危机) D. achievements in economy

9.British youths________. A. have pity on the unemployed on the Continent B. have been the first to show their disappointment over joblessness C. care about unemployment in France and Belgium D. are trying to find work on the Continent 10.It seems that young Europeans________. A. are more like Americans than their elders in their way of thinking B. look more like Americans than their elders do C. expect more from Americans than from their elders D. look upon life as their elders do C How to protect children Web fans from unsuitable material on-line while encouraging them to use the Internet has long been discussed in the U.S. For some parents, the Internet can seem like a jungle, filled with danger for their children. But jungles contain wonders as well as dangers and with good guides, some education, and a few precautions(预防措施), the wilds of the Internet can be safely navigated(航行). “Kids have to be on-line. If we tell our kids they can?t have access(机会) to the Internet, we?re cutting them off from their future,” said an expert. Most kids have started to use search engines. Many of them are great for finding tons of interesting Internet sites, and they can also locate places where you might not want your kids to go. There are search engines designed just for kids. A certain software contains only sites that have been selected as safe. The most popular way to limit access would be to use what is known as a “content screener(过滤器)”. But this can?t be wholly reliable(可靠), and the best thing parents can do is to talk to their kids and let them know what is OK or not OK to see or do on the Internet. Another way is that mum or dad is nearby when the child is surfing(浏览) the Internet. A few other tips ●Don?t put the PC in a child?s room but keep it in an area where mum or dad can keep an eye on things. That also makes the Internet more of a family activity. ●Ask your child what he or she has been doing and about any friends they make on-line. ●Tell your child not to give on-line strangers personal information, especially like address and phone number. ●And tell your children never to talk to anyone they meet on-line over the phone, send them anything, accept anything from them or agree to meet with them unless you go along. 11. The passage is mainly about the subject of _______. A. American children going on-line B. Internet in America C. appreciating Internet D. opposing children?s on-line 12. The best way to protect children from improper material is _______. A. to install(安装) a content screener on the computer
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B. to buy some search engines for the children C. to be nearby when they are surfing the Internet D. to talk to the children and persuade them to tell right from wrong 13. Which of the following is right according to the passage? A. Surfing the Internet is the best method of educating children. B. Children?s not having access to Internet may have effect on their progress. C. Using a content screener is most reliable for keeping children having access to Internet. D. Searching engines can help children to select materials fit for them. 14. According to the passage, we can infer that _______. A. soft wares fit for children want programming B. a child who is on-line is in danger C. Internet is a jungle full of danger D. Internet contains a lot of harmful sites D When important events are happening around the world, most people turn to traditional media sources, such as CNN and BBC for the news.However, during the war in Iraq in 2003, many people followed the war from the point of view of an unknown Iraqi citizen who called himself “Salam Pax ” . (Salam Pax means peace) Salam Pax wrote a diary about everyday life in Baghdad during the war, and posted it on his website.Pax?s online diary was a kind of website known as a “blog” . Blogs are online diaries, usually kept by individuals, but sometimes by companies and other groups of people.They are the fastest growing types of website on the Internet. A blog differs from a traditional website in several ways. Most importantly, it is updated much more regularly.Many blogs are updated every day, and some are updated several times a day.Also, most blogs use special software or websites, which can help ordinary people easily set up and start writing their own blogs. There are many different kinds of blogs.The most popular type is an online diary of links where the blog writer surfs the Internet and then posts links to sites or news articles that they find interesting , with a few comments about each one . Other types are personal diaries, where the writer talks about their life and feelings.Sometimes these blogs can be very personal. There is another kind of blogging, called “moblogging ”, short for “ mobile blogging ”. Mobloggers use mobile phones with cameras to take photos, which are posted instantly to the Internet. The use of mobile phones in this way made the headlines in Singapore when a high school student posted a movie he had taken of a teacher shouting at another student on the Internet.Many people were shocked by what the student did, and wanted phones with cameras to be banned from schools.

Many people think that as blogs become common, news reporting will rely less on big media companies, and more on ordinary people posting news to the Internet.They think that then the news will be less like a lecture, and more like a conversation, where any one can join in. 15.Which statement about Salam Pax was true? A.He worked for CNN. B.Salam Pax was not his real name C.He was famous as a host in BBC D.He used a mobile phone for his blog 16. What is the biggest difference between blogs and traditional websites? A.Blogs are updated much more often B.Blogs contain links to other websites C.Blogs use special software D. Blogs contain personal information 17.According to the passage, which statement about the future is most likely ? In the future__________. A.everyone will have a blog. B.large media companies will be unnecessary. C.people will be able to learn the news from other points of view. D.blogging technology will be banned. 18.What is the passage mainly about ? A.the history of the Internet B.new types of media C.the war in Iraq D.the increase of using computers E Deputy Agriculture Secretary Kathleen Merrigan sees an epidemic (流行病) sweeping across Americas farmland. It has little to do with the usual challenges, such as flood, rising fuel prices and crop-eating insects. The country's farmers are getting older, and there are fewer people standing in line to take their place. National agricultural census (普查) figures show that the fastest-growing group of farmers is the part over 65. Merrigan is afraid the average age will be even higher when the 2012 statistics are completed. Merrigan, a former college professor, is making stops at universities across the country in hopes of encouraging more students to think about careers in agriculture. Aside from trying to stop the graying of. America's farmers, her work is made tougher by a recent blog posting that put agriculture at No.1 on a list of "useless" college degrees. Top federal agriculture officials are talking about the posting, and it has the attention of agricultural organizations across the country. “There couldn't be anything that's more incorrect," Merrigan said. "We know that there aren't enough qualified graduates to fill the jobs that are out there in American agriculture. In addition, a growing world population that some experts predict will require 70% more food production by 2050, she said.
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“I truly believe we're at a golden age of agriculture. Global demand is at an all-time record high, and global supplies are at all-time record lows," said Matt Rush, director of the Texas Farm Bureau. "Production costs are going to be valuable enough that younger people are going to have the opportunity to be involved in agriculture. " The Department of Agriculture has programs aimed at developing more farmers and at increasing interest in locally grown food. The National Young Farmers' Coalition has also been pushing for state and federal policy changes to make it easier for new farmers. Ryan Best, president of Future Farmers of America, has been living out of a suitcase, traveling the country and visiting with high school students about careers in agriculture. The 21 -year-old Best hopes his message-that this is a new time in agriculture-will motivate the next generation to turn around the statistics. Never before have we had the innovations ( 创新) in technology which have led to agriculture in this country being the most efficient it has ever been,” he said. “there?s really a place for everybody to fit in.” 19. What is the new challenge to American agriculture? A. Fewer and older farmers. B. Higher fuel prices. C. More natural disasters. D. Lower agricultural output. 20.Why is Merrigan visiting universities across the country? A. To draw federal agriculture officials' attention. B. To select qualified agriculture graduates. C. To clarify a recent blog posting. D. To talk more students into farming careers 21. According to Matt Rush, American agriculture will provide opportunities for younger people because__________. A. the government will cover production costs B. global food supplies will be even lower C. investment in agriculture will be profitable D. America will increase its food export 22. What do the underlined words "to turn around the statistics" in the last paragraph mean? A. To re-analyze the result of the national census. B. To increase agricultural production. C. To bring down the average age of farmers. D. To invest more in agriculture.

科技类 A Dr Wiseman started “the laugh lab” project in September 2001. It is the largest study of humour. Participants (参加者) are invited to log on to the laugh lab website, give a few personal details, tell their favourite jokes and judge the jokes told by other people. The project will last for a year, and the organizers hope to finally discover the world?s funniest joke. But there is also a serious purpose. The researches want to know what people from different nations and cultures find funny. And they want to find out the differences between the male and female sense of humour. The idea is that if we want to understand each other, we have to find out what makes us laugh. This is a subject that has long interested psychologists(心理学家)and philosophers (哲学家) . Most of the time, people are not completely honest. We do things that society expects us to and say things that help us get what we want. But laughing cannot be controlled. When we laugh, we tell the truth about ourselves. By December 2001 over 10, 000 jokes had been submitted. This gave the scientists enough evidence (证据)to make early conclusions. It seems that men and women do have different senses of humour, for instance. “Our findings show the major differences in the ways in which males and females use humour, ” said Dr. Wiseman. “Males use humour to appear superior (优越) to others, while women are more skilled in languages and prefer word play. ” Researchers also found that there really is such a thing as a national sense of humour. the British enjoy what is usually called “toilet humour”. But the French like their jokes short and sharp: “You?re a high priced lawyer. Will you answer two questions for 500?” “Yes. What?s the second question?” The Germans are famous for not having a sense of humour. But the survey found that German participants were more likely to find submitted jokes funny than any other nationality. Perhaps that proves the point. Is this joke funny? I don?t know, but let?s say yes, just to be safe. Dr Wiseman and his workmates also submitted jokes created by computer. But none of those who took part in the survey found any of them amusing. Perhaps this is relief. Computers already seem like they can do everything. At least they should leave the funny stuff to us. 1.Scientist started“ the laugh lab” project________ A. to find the funniest joke in European countries B. to know what funny people are from different nations and cultures C. to find out the differences between the male and female sense of humour D. to get more personal details about participants 2.We can infer from the passage that________.
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A. most of the people all over he world are completely honest B. psychologists and philosophers take interest in the “laugh lab” project C. ordinary people are not interested in “the laugh lab” project at all D. people tell the ruth about themselves only when they laugh 3.What is the main idea of the 4th and 5th paragraph? A. Man and woman have different senses of humour. B. male and female have similar senses of humour. C. About 10, 000 jokes have been submitted from September 2001 to December 2001. D. Scientists have collected enough evidence to make conclusions. 4.The writer gave the examples of the British, the French and the Germans________. A. to show thane French people have a better sense of humour B. to prove the British people have a sense of “toilet humour” C. to show people from different nations have different senses of humour D. to prove that the Germans have no sense of humour 5.Which statement is true according to the passage? A. The jokes by computer are less funny than those by humans. B. The Germans cannot find the submitted jokes amusing. C. Males are better at word play compared with women. D. Females like to use humour to show that they are superior. B Batteries can power anything from small sensors to large systems. While scientists are finding ways to make them smaller but even more powerful, problems can arise when these batteries are much larger and heavier than the devices themselves. University of Missouri(MU) researchers are developing a nuclear energy source that is smaller, lighter and more efficient. “To provide enough power, we need certain methods with high energy density(密度)”,said Jae Kwon, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at MU. “The radioisotope(放射性同位素) battery can provide power density that is much higher than chemical batteries.” Kwon and his research team have been working on building a small nuclear battery, presently the size and thickness of a penny, intended to power various micro/nanoelectromechanreal systems (M/NEMS). Although nuclear batteries can cause concerns, Kwon said they are safe. “People hear the word ?nuclear? and think of something very dangerous,” he said, “However, nuclear power sources have already been safely powering a variety of devices, such as pace-makers, space satellites and underwater systems.” His new idea is not only in the battery?s size, but also in its semiconductor(半导体). Kwon?s battery uses a liquid semiconductor rather than a solid semiconductor. “The key part of using a radioactive battery is that when you harvest the energy, part of the radiation energy can damage the lattice structure(晶体结构)

of the solid semiconductor,” Kwon said, “By using a liquid semiconductor, we believe we can minimize that problem.” Together with J. David Robertson, chemistry professor and associate director of the MU Research Reactor, Kwon is working to build and test the battery. In the future, they hope to increase the battery?s power, shrink its size and try with various other materials. Kwon said that battery could be thinner than the thickness of human hair. 6. Which of the following is true of Jae Kwon? A. He teaches chemistry at MU. B. He developed a chemical battery. C. He is working on a nuclear energy source. D. He made a breakthrough in computer engineering. 7. Jae Kwon gave examples in Paragraph 4_________. A. to show chemical batteries are widely applied. B. to introduce nuclear batteries can be safely used. C. to describe a nuclear-powered system. D. to introduce various energy sources. 8. Liquid semiconductor is used to _________. A. get rid of the radioactive waste B. test the power of nuclear batteries. C. decrease the size of nuclear batteries D. reduce the damage to lattice structure. 9. According to Jae Kwon, his nuclear battery _______. A. uses a solid semiconductor B. will soon replace the present ones. C. could be extremely thin D. has passed the final test. 10. The text is most probably a ________. A. science news report B. book review C. newspaper ad D. science fiction story C As you dash outdoors in the middle of winter, you might make it halfway down the block before realizing that your ears are freezing because you forgot your hat. Now, scientists have shown that even though you?ve had an apparent memory lapse(丧失), your brain never forgot what you should have done. Memory works mainly by association. For example, as you try to remember where you left your keys, you might recall you last had them in the living room, which reminds you that there was an ad for soap on television, which reminds you that you need soap, and so on. And then, as you?re heading out of the door to buy soap, you remember that your keys are on the kitchen counter. Your brain knew where the keys were all along. It just took a round-about way to get there. Now, scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies are studying associative memory in monkeys to figure out just how this complicated process works. First, the researchers trained a group of monkeys to remember arbitrary(任意的) pairs of symbols. The researchers showed the monkeys one symbol(cold weather) and then gave them the choice of two other symbols,
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one of which (a hat) would be associated with the first. A correct choice would earn them a sip of their favorite juice. Most of the monkeys performed the test perfectly, but one kept making mistakes. “We wondered what happened in the brain when the monkey made the wrong choice, although it apparently learned the right pairing of symbols,” said study leader Thomas Albright. Albright and his team observed signals from the nerve cells in the monkey?s inferior temporal cortex (ITC), an area of its brain used for visual pattern recognition and for storing this type of memory. As the monkey was deciding which symbol to choose, about a quarter of the activity in the ITC was due to the choice behavior. Meanwhile, more than half the activity was in a different group of nerve cells, which scientists believe represent the monkey?s memory of the correct symbol pairing, and surprisingly, these cells continued to fire even when the monkey chose the wrong symbol. “In this sense, the cells ?knew? more than the monkeys let on in their behavior,” Albright said. “Thus, behavior may vary, but knowledge endures.” 11.The example of the keys and soap is given to explain the relationship between _________. A. memory lapse and human brain B. memory and association C. memory and television ads D. memory and our daily life 12.Which of the following best expresses the general idea of the text? A. Your brain may forget something, but not always. B. Activity is a round-about way to memory. C. Your brain remembers what you forget. D. Monkeys have better memory than us. 13.The researchers believe the monkey that made the wrong choice ________. A. also knew the correct answer B. had the worst memory C. failed to see the objects well D. had some trouble with its nerve system 14.The underlined word “endures” may be best replaced by __________. A. disappears B. increases C. improves D. remains D Scientists have found that human eyes are more likely to be damaged by UV rays (紫外线) while skiing in the snow-covered areas than sitting on the beach, according to a report by the UK newspaper The Telegraph. The researchers at Kanazawa Medical University, Japan and American company Johnson conducted the study together. They looked at the effects of light reflection on newly fallen snow on a ski trail (a rough path) in Ishikawa District, northern Japan. They compared the results with the levels of UV rays on a sand beach in southern Japan's Okinawa District.

They found that on the beach, eyes are exposed to a daily 260 kilojoules (千焦耳) of UV a square meter compared to 658 kilojoules in snow-covered areas. The findings are supported by the Japan Meteorological Agency. According to the agency, the reflection rate of UV light on beaches is often between 10 and 25 percent, compared to 80 percent in the new snow areas. The amount of light increased 4 percent with a 300-meter rise in height. Most of us know that UV rays can harm the skin. That's why we wear sunscreen on our skin before we get out in the sun. But many of us may not realize that UV rays are also harmful to the eyes. If your eyes are exposed to large amounts of UV radiation over a short period of time, you may experience a kind of sunburn of the eye, which is harmful. Your eyes will become red and feel a strange feeling. They may be sensitive to light. Fortunately, this is usually temporary (暂时的) and seldom causes permanent damage to the eyes. Long-term exposure to UV radiation, however, can be more serious. Scientific studies and researches have shown that exposure to small amounts of UV radiation over a period of many years increases the chance of eye damage, which could lead to total blindness. 15. You would most likely find the article in__________. A. a doctor's diary B. a travel journal C. a medical magazine D. a physics textbook 16. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Too much eye exposure to UV rays may cause total blindness. B. Short-time exposure of the eyes to UV rays doesn't harm them at all. C. Most people know that UV rays harm the eyes as well as the skin. D. The study was conducted by researchers from Japan, the USA and the UK. 17. The underlined word "sunscreen" in Paragraph 5 most probably means ______. A. sunglasses B. sunhat C. suncream D. sunburn 18. What will the passage most probably talk about next? A. Never ski on newly fallen snow in Japan. B. Go to hospital to have your eyes examined. C. Wearing a hat can provide protection while skiing in new snow areas. D. Take some measures to protect your eyes while skiing in new snow areas. E Harvard researchers have created a tough, low-cost, biodegradable (可生物 降解的) material inspired by insects? hard outer shells. The material?s inventors say it has a number of possible uses and someday could provide a more environmentally friendly alternative to plastic. The material, made from shrimp (虾) shells and proteins produced from silk, is called “shrilk.” It is thin, clear, flexible and strong. A major benefit of the material is its biodegradability. Plastic?s toughness
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and flexibility represented a revolution in materials science during the 1950s and ?60s. Decades later however, plastic?s very durability (耐用性) is raising questions about how appropriate it is for one-time products such as plastic bags, or short-lived consumer goods, used in the home for a few years and then cast into a landfill where they will degrade for centuries. What is the point of making something that lasts 1,000 years? Shrilk not only will degrade in a landfill, but its basic components are used as fertilizer (肥料), and so will enrich the soil. Shrilk has great potential, the inventors said. Materials from which is made are plentiful in nature, found in everything ranging from shrimp shells, insect bodies to living plants. That makes shrilk low cost, and its mass production possible should it be used for products demanding a lot of material. Work on shrilk is continuing in the lab. The inventors said the material becomes flexible when wet, so they?re exploring ways to use it in wet environments. They?re also developing simpler production processes, which could be used for non-medical products, like for computer cases and other products inside the home. They?re even exploring combining it with other materials, like carbon fibers, to give it new properties. 19. Paragraph 1 of the passage is mainly about shrilk?s ____. A. remarkable design B. interesting name C. major features D. basic elements 20. What has become a concern about plastic? A. Using it properly. B. Producing it cheaply. C. Developing its properties quickly. D. Evaluating its contributions fairly. 21. According to the inventors, shrilk has great potential partly because ____. A. it can help plastic degrade B. it can be found in living things C. its mass production has been realized D. its raw materials are abundant in nature 22. What are they inventors doing in the lab? A. Replacing carbon fibers with shrilk. B. Testing shrilk?s use in wet conditions. C. Making shrilk out of used household goods. D. Improving shrilk?s flexibility for medical purpose. 23. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. Recent Progress in Environmental Protection B. Benefits of Insects in Scientific Research C. The Harm of One-time Products D. A Possible Alternative to Plastic

人物类 A When Mary Moore began her high school in 1951, her mother told her, “Be sure and take a typing course so when this show business thing doesn?t work out, you?ll have something to rely on.” Mary responded in typical teenage fashion. From that moment on, “the very last thing I ever thought about doing was taking a typing course,” she recalls. The show business thing worked out, of course. In her career, Mary won many awards. Only recently, when she began to write Growing Up Again, did she regret ignoring her mom?s words. “I don?t know how to use a computer,” she admits. Unlike her 1995 autobiography, After All, her second book is less about life as an award-winning actress and more about living with diabetes (糖尿病). All the money from the book is intended for the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF), an organization she serves as international chairman. “I felt there was a need for a book like this,” she says. “I didn?t want to lecture, but I wanted other diabetics to know that things get better when we?re self-controlled and do our part in managing the disease.” But she hasn?t always practiced what she teaches. In her book, she describes that awful day, almost 40 years ago, when she received two pieces of life-changing news. First, she had lost the baby she was carrying, and second, tests showed that she had diabetes. In a childlike act, she left the hospital and treated herself to a box of doughnuts (甜甜圈). Years would pass before she realized she had to grow up - again - and take control of her diabetes, not let it control her. Only then did she kick her three-pack-a-day cigarette habit, overcome her addiction to alcohol, and begin to follow a balanced diet. Although her disease has affected her eyesight and forced her to the sidelines of the dance floor, she refuses to fall into self-pity. “Everybody on earth can ask, ?why me?? about something or other,” she insists. “It doesn?t do any good. No one is immune (免疫的) to heartache, pain, and disappointments. Sometimes we can make things better by helping others. I?ve come to realize the importance of that as I?ve grown up this second time. I want to speak out and be as helpful as I can be.” 1. Why did Mary feel regretful? A. She didn?t achieve her ambition. B. She didn?t take care of her mother. C. She didn?t complete her high school. D. She didn?t follow her mother?s advice. 2. We can know that before 1995 Mary _________________. A. had two books published B. received many career awards C. knew how to use a computer D. supported the JDRF by writing 3. Mary?s second book Growing Up Again is mainly about her__________ .
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A. living with diabetes B. successful show business C. service for an organization D. remembrance of her mother 4. When Mary received the life-changing news, she_____________. A. lost control of herself B. began a balanced diet C. tried to get a treatment D. behaved in an adult way 5. What can we know from the last paragraph? A. Mary feels pity for herself. B. Mary has recovered from her disease. C. Mary wants to help others as much as possible. D. Mary determines to go back to the dance floor. B Roger Colmer is a modem-day Horatio Alger hero.Roger started out as an unpaid worker in a small flower shop.He has become the owner of a florist company whose sales are well over $l00 000 a year. One day when Roger was only twelve , he stopped at a local flower shop.He asked the owner if he could work for him,without pay, in order to learn the business. Roger started working every day after school and on weekends. After two years on the job,he finally asked for a small salary. The owners told him he “wasn?t good enough to be paid.” So he quit, and found a paying job at another local flower shop. He worked hard there, but after six months they laid him off because business was slow . [ 来 源 : http://wx.jtyjy.com/] Not discouraged, Roger decided to do it alone and started his own flower store in a basement.He started his business with only sixty-five dollars.He bought old refrigerators at garage sales and knocked the shelves out then turned them into coolers fur his fresh-cut flowers.His business grew rapidly as he built up a reputation for top quality and fine service. In l977,Roger bought out the flower store where he had worked without pay for two years.The people who said he “wasn?t good enough” were astonished to find that they were being taken over by a teenager. He had plans to renovate the whole store. One of the reasons the owners sold out to Roger was that the store wasn?t doing well.But after Roger took over ownership and redid the store. Business started booming . In fact, business was so good that after one year, he celebrated by buying out the other store where he had worked .Roger then combined both Stores and moved to a location in the center of his town. The new store has 2,000 square feet and seven employees.And he did it all before he reached the age of twenty. 6. The author is most eager to show that people who want to get ahead in business should _________. A. Work without pay B. own a flower shop C. work hard and be persistent D. work as teenagers 7. Which of the following does NOT describe Roger Comer?s history in business? A. He worked for two years without pay

B. He needed luck to be successful C. He opened his first flower business in a basement D. He opened a store in the middle of his town 8. The style of the passage is mostly like a A. newspaper article B. humorous story C. television play D. magazine interview 9. Which of the following statements about Roger Conner is NOT true? A. He gave customers better service than the other shops he had worked for B. He was a very brave and heroic young man C. He worked hard without pay in a flower shop in order to get to know the business D. He was free to make decisions on the location of his shop 10. From what you know about Roger Conner, we can conclude that a “Horatio Alger hero? is the kind of person who A. works hard in the flower business B. is born into a rich family C. starts out poor and becomes rich D. becomes famous C Experts say probably no one in the history of the American theater influenced it more than George Abbott. He lived to be one hundred and seven years old. He remained active until he died,January 31,1995. George Francis Abbott was born in 1887 in New York State. His family moved to the western state of Wyoming when he was eleven years old. George worked as a cowboy during summers before the family moved back to New York State,near the city of Buffalo. He attended the University of Rochester,where he played football and took part in the acting club. He then studied play writing at Harvard University. In 1912, he won one hundred dollars for a play he wrote called “The Man in the Manhole”. George Abbott moved to New York City in 1913.But he had a slow start in the theater. He did not get many acting jobs. Two years later,he became an assistant to a theater producer. Soon he was deeply involved with rewriting plays and producing them. He had his first hit show in 1926.It was called “Broadway”. You can tell the history of the Broadway theater area in New York City by telling the story of George Abbott's life. He wrote plays. He directed them. He produced plays. And he acted in them. He was involved in more than one hundred and twenty productions. Some of his most popular shows were musicals. They include “Jumbo”,“Pal Joey”,“Call Me Madam”,“Pajama Game”,“Fiorello!”and “Damn Yankees”.In some years,he had three hit shows at the same time. 11. From the passage,we can learn that the writer________. A.thinks highly of George Abbott in the development of America B.thinks well of George Abbott who created the history of play C.admires George Abbott greatly for his varieties of inventions D . sings high praise for George Abbott's role in the history of the American play
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12. When did his family move to the western state of Wyoming? A.1898. B.1887. C.1897. D.1798. 13. Which of the statements about George Abbott is not right? A.He lived a bit older than ordinary persons. B.He played football and took part in the acting club in the University of Rochester. C. He won one hundred dollars for a play he acted in called“The Man in the Manhole” D.He moved to New York City when he was 26. 14. The main idea of the last paragraph is________. A.how important George Abbott's was in his family B.how many works George Abbott wrote C.George Abbott played an important role in the history of the Broadway theater area D.George Abbott is a gifted play writer in the world. D Andre Citroen was born in Paris on the 5th of February, 1878, the fifth child of a middle-class Jewish family. At the age of 22, he graduated from Ecole Poly technique, France?s most famous engineering school. Then after four years in the French army, Andre started a small gear-making company. By the time he was 27, Ander was well-known as a successful industrialist in the French automobile industry. In 1908, he was invited by the Mors to turn the company around, which was in trouble at that time. Andre agreed. He reorganized the workshops and became involved in the design of the new models. By 1913, the production was up to a level of 100 cars per month and the company?s future seemed assured. Andre Citroen never gave up seeking technical innovation. At the early age of 22, on a trip to Poland, he found a kind of wooden double helical gears(螺旋 齿轮) that could run quietly and was capable of transmitting considerable loads without damaging the wood. Later he patented it and made helical steel gears. This double v-shape eventually became the logo of Citroen cars. During his visit in 1912 to Henry Ford?s plant in Detroit, USA, he noted the Ford plant was all on the level with plenty of space and light, a suitable way for mass production. Three years later he got to apply those principles, making shells for France during World War Ⅰ . Andre Citroen was also the first to realize that a car is more than just a means of transportation. From his point of view, a company should sell good service. He was also a master of marketing. His most impressive advertising campaign was in 1925, when he had his name put up in 125 000 lights on the Eiffel Tower, shining over Paris. 15. In 1908, the Mors invited Andre Citroen to the company because_________. A. the company was in trouble then B. he knew the workshops well

C. he was involved in the design of the new models D. the company?s future was rather brilliant 16. What does the underlined word “innovation” in Paragraph 3 mean? A. The advertising of his new products. B. The making of new machinery. C. The introduction of new things, ideas or ways doing something. D. The designing of a new logo. 17. The following statements are right EXCEPT_________. A. Andre Citroen started a small gear-making company immediately he graduated from a famous engineering school B. Andre Citroen didn?t think that a car was just a means of transportation C. Andre Citroen knew clearly advertising was most important D. when Andre Citroen was born, his family was not poor 18. Why Andre Citroen had his name put up in 125 000 lights on the Eiffel Tower? A. To make his name shinning. B. To make his products and himself known. C. Eiffel Tower is the best place.[ D. His name will be read clearly. E Millions of people are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual not to use one. In many countries, cell phones are very popular with young people. They find that the phones are more than a means of communication—having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected. The explosions around the world in mobile phone use make some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health. On the other hand, why do some medical studies show changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones? Signs of change in the issues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning(扫描)equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at a young age because of serious memory loss. He couldn?t remember even simple tasks. He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer?s doctor didn?t agree. What is it that makes mobile phones potentially harmful? The answer is
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radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about. As the discussion about their safety continues, it appears that it?s best to use mobile phones less often. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time. Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it?s wise not to use your mobile phone too often. 19. People buy cell phones for the following reasons except that . A. they?re popular B. they?re convenient C. they?re useful D. they?re cheap 20. The underlined word“detected”in Paragraph 3 could be best replaced by . A. discovered B. removed C. cured D. caused 21. The salesman retired young because . A. he disliked using mobile phones B. he couldn?t remember simple tasks C. he was tired of talking on his mobile phone D. his employer?s doctor persuaded him to 22. On the safety issue of mobile phones, the manufacturing companies . A. deny the existence of mobile phone radiation B. develop new technology to reduce mobile phone radiation C. hold that the amount of radiation is too small to worry about D. try to prove that mobile phones are not harmful to health 23. The writer?s purpose of writing this article is to advise people . A. to buy mobile phones B. to use mobile phones less often C. to update regular phones D. to stop using mobile phones


(二)答案: 56---60 CAACD CBACD E CACAB

61---65 CBBAA

66--70 CABCB


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