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新视野大学英语 3(第二版)读写教程课后习题答案 Unit 1 Section A Comprehension of the Text I. 1.He did not get enough oxygen when he was born. 2.She described her father as a saint. 3.They were inseparable, almost doing everything together. 4.He was changed almost completely. 5.He blossomed on his own and became essential to the neighborhood. 6.She thought that caring for Jimmy has enriched her life more than anything . 7.She hoped that their coming would help make the party a merry and festive. 8.They were reminded that the constant love and support of friends and family whatever life might present. Vocabulary III. 1.beneath 2.disguised 3.whistles 4.restrain 5.grasp 6.longing 7.praying 8.faithful 9.pledge 10.drain IV. 1.tell(our teacher) on you 2.track down 3.work it out 4.picking 5.reckoned with 6.call on 7.on his own 8.get through 9.in disguise 10.revolves around V. 1.G 2.O 3.D 4.I 5.K 6.L 7.B 8.F 9.A 10.N collocation VI. 1.advice 2.level 3.problems 4.necessity 5.skills 6.experience 7.solution 8.value 9.tool 10.manner Word Building VII. 1.air-conditioned 2.handmade 3.thunderstruck 4.heartfelt 5.data-based
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6.self-employed 7.custom-built 8.weather-beaten VIII. 1.well-informed Sentence Structure IX. 1. no matter how different it looks from any other substance 2. No matter what a woman tries to do to improve her situation 3. No matter what excuse he gives 4. No matter how others may think 5. No matter how they rewrite history X. 1. Just as we gained fame in victory , we lost nothing in defeat. 2. Just as the dead teacher plays a significant role in the school , Jane plays a significant role of leader in the classroom. 3. Whoever was out there obviously couldn’t see him just as he couldn’t see them. 4. She has been searching all life for the perfect chocolate just as I have been searching for the . 5. You can make those kinds of comparisons just as you were doing the analyses a minute ago. Translation
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5.newly-married 6.widely-held 7.will-meant 8.well-educated

XI. 1. No matter how experienced a speaker you are , and how well you have prepared your speech, you will have difficulty making a speech at such a noisy reception. 2. Just as all his sister’s friends cared about him, Jimmy cared about them. 3. Car manufacturers stamp a vehicle identification number at several places on new cars to help track down stolen vehicles, 4. If you dare tell on me when the teacher gets back I won’t say s word to you any more. 5. Some elderly people prefer to live on their own while the great majority choose to live with their children. 6. Here is something that needs to be reckoned with: how to get the necessary finances to establish the XII. 1.每当有人帮了你,无论事情大小,无论他地位高低,你都应该对他说―谢 谢! 2.蒸气机的发明使船舶发生了变化,正如其自已改变了陆地运输一样。 3.尽管经理努力帮忙,他还是不能找到问题的根源所在。 4.这个女孩的生活天天围着哥哥转,完全明白该做什么来使哥哥高兴。 5.如果你不知道自己想要什么,你最终得到的可能都是自己不想要的。 6.吉米有他妹妹帮助他度过那些没有父亲的艰难日子。
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Cloze XIII. 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. D 6. A 7. D 8. D 9. C 10. B 11. B 12. B 13. A 14. C 15. D 16. C 17. A 18. C 19. D 20. A Section B Reading Skills I. 1. ―It was an autumn night in my native Nova Scotia. 2. They ―were vacationing in (it) for the weekend. 3. ―It took me years, though, to learn that the love in our family didn’t just happen. 4. ―First, love needs time.(Para. 3) ―Love needs another, harder to find quality as well, the ability to let go.(Para. 7) ―Finally, love needs words to make it real,(Para. 11) 5. ―It can only be achieved through patience and understanding.’ Comprehension of the Text II. 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. D 5. A 6. D 7. A 8. C Vocabulary III. 1. hollow 2. considerate 3. rival 4. elastic 5. paralleling
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6. inspire 7. manipulate 8. acknowledged 9. soaring 10. respective IV. 1. on 2. apart 3. with 4. along 5. on 6.into 7. of 8. between 9. up 10. of Unit Two Section A Comprehension of the Text Ⅱ 1. The new study suggests that even moderate exercise may lead to reduced iron in the blood of women. 2. Consume additional meat or take iron supplements. 3. Because they have a monthly bleeding. 4. Through a variety of mechanisms. For example, some iron is lost in sweat, and intense endurance exercise is sometimes associated with the bleeding of the digestive system. 5. Three. 6. You are in trouble. Your iron reserves go to zero and you may feel weak, tired and out of breath. 7. They should have a yearly blood test to check iron reserves. 8. Meat, chicken, fish, dates, beans, and some leafy green vegetables. Vocabulary Ⅲ 1. Moderate 2. Consume 3. Advisable 4. Modified 5. Evidence
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6. Restricted 7. Calculate 8. Remedy 9. Impact 10. sufficient Ⅳ 1. bounce back 2. summed up 3. Up to 4. at risk 5. went to zero

6. goes up 7. interfere with V G 2. K 3. O 4. N

8. derived from 9. In general 10. take in

5. J

6. A

7. C

8. D

9. F

10. I

Collocation Ⅵ. 1. Cost 2. Pollution 3. Potential 7. Interest 8. Efficient Word Building VII. 1. Appearance 2. Utterances 6. Resistance 7. Performance VIII. 1. world-famous 2. ice-cold 3. snow-white 4. Waterproof 5. waist-deep 6. carefree Sentence Structure IX. 1. Mr. Howe, my favorite professor, has received a Distinguished Teacher Award.
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4. Quality 5. Chance 6. crime

9. Strength 10. creativity

3. Attendance 4. Hindrance 5. maintenance 8. Existence 9. Occurrence 10. acceptance

2. Yesterday I went fishing —something I hadn’t done in years. 3. Some women are normally inactive, but then all of a sudden start a program of intense exercise —an action that violates the laws of sports science. 4. Even a brief visit to Greece, a modern country with ancient civilizat ion, gives you a deep sense of the roots of our culture. 5. The ancient Chinese, a people of inventors , discoverers, philosopher s, soldiers, poets and craftsmen, gave the world many of its most useful things. X. 1. His homework done, his composition written, Larry decided to go an d see the film. 2. The manager sat quietly in the office, (his) eyes closed, waiting for the telephone to ring. 3. The room was in a mess, empty bottles and beer cans (being) every where. 4. When I walked in, Grandpa was sitting at the kitchen table, the new spaper spread before him. 5. Diana stood motionless at the end of the diving board, tears streami ng down her cheeks. Translation XI. 1. The defendant, a woman of only 30, kept insisting on her own inno cence. 2. All things considered, dates, beans and some leafy green vegetables are the best sources of iron. 3. No beverages are served with meals because they interfere with dige stion.
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4. Taking the popularity of the region into consideration, it is advisable to book hotels in advance. 5. If you have a feeling of wanting to throw up after taking this drug, stop taking it immediately and consult your as soon as possible. 6. Summing up the discussion, he said both parties should consider the most effective way to solve the problem. XII. 1.作为补救缺铁的一种办法,专家推荐食用肉、鸡和鱼,它们是最好的铁 质来源,也是唯一最容易被身体吸收的铁质来源。 2.铁质储量为零时,你会觉得虚弱,疲乏无力,喘不过气,这是缺铁第三 阶段的典型症状。 3.耐力运动员,尤其是女性,经常会缺铁,如果增食肉类食物或服用铁质 补剂,能够恢复到健康状态。 4.这位运动员医学专家认为, 感到劳累、 工作效率差的人, 最好食用牛肉、 羊肉,它们含有最易被吸收的铁质。 5.铁质储量低的人应该去咨询医生, 看看是否应通过调查整饮食或服用铁 质补剂来校正不足。 6.一般说来,如果你忽视自己摄入的铁质含量,不在铁质储备失去之前注 意警告信号,你会有危险。 Cloze Test XIII. 1. D 2. C 3. C 4. A 5. D 6. A 7. B 8. D 9. C 10. B 11. A 12. B 13. D 14. A 15. D 16. A 17. D 18. C 19. C 20. A Section B Reading Skills I. 1. O 2. F 3. F 4. O 5. F 6. O Comprehension of the Text II. 1. D 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. A
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Vocabulary III. 1. implying 2. complicated 3. obstacle 4. exhibited 5. possess 6. multiplied 7. equip 8. speculate 9. concentrating 10. strengthen IV. 1. applied to 2. In response to 3. is associated with 4. in contrast to 5. in the same way that 6. attributed to 7. go through 8. engage in 9. benefited greatly from 10. stems from U nit Three Section A Comprehension of the Text II 1. It operates on the principle that if you teach students the merit of s uch values as truth, courage, leadership, curiosity and concern, then academ ic achievement naturally follows. 2. It is famous for its work with troubled youngsters. 3. Because teachers protested the program’s demands and the strain associated with more 4. The community feared the school would attract in ner-city minority and troubled students. 5. In the Hyde School, all students are required to take performing arts and sports, and provide service. For each course, students get a grade for academic achievement and for ―best 6. Parents must agree to accept and demonstrate the school’s philosophies and outlook. 7. The biggest obstacle for many parents is to realize their own weakn esses. 8. Faculty evaluations are conducted by the students. Vocabulary III. 1. Cultivate 2. Comprehensive 3. Controversial 4. Suspend 5. insulted 6. Preliminary 7. Conventional 8. Reform 9. Worthwhile 10. publicity IV.
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1. His girlfriend’s father saw him as a man who could not make a livi ng. 2. The course was cancelled over the students’protests. 3. The problem is so difficult that we cannot work it out without the help of our teacher. 4. Children tend to do their utmost when they are encouraged by their parents who are making similar efforts. 5. The new teaching program didn’t work well in the school at the out set. 6. I was kind of excited when I received the letter that allowed me an interview. 7. The school is scheduled to open on September 1. 8. They appeared to offer a free lunch, complete with cigars and wine. 9. Many people make things more difficult for themselves because they still operate on the principle that should not ask for help, or you might s eem weak. V. 1. F 2. M 3. K 4. D 5. C 6. G 7. L 8. O 9. I 10. B Collocation VI. 1. cold 2. competition 3. debate 4. desire 5. fear 6. heat 7. interest 8. love 9. pleasure 10. enthusiasm Word Building VII. 1. Historic 2. Atomic 3. Optimistic 4. Energetic 5. Economic6. heroic VIII. 1. Responsibility 6. complexity Sentence Structure IX.
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2. Rapidity 3. Mobility

4. Curiosity 5. publicity

1. In Britain, as in America, there is a great demand for educational re form. 2. In Greece, as in Italy, people use a lot of olive oil in cooking. 3. As in the Hyde School, values such as courage, integrity, leadership, curiosity and concern are the most important lesson in some public innercity schools in Maryland. 4. In China, as in Japan, a large number of middle school students tak e supplementary classes in order get into a famous university. 5. As in the middle of the 1950s, many young people went down to t he countryside in the late 1960s early 1970s. X. 1.Once you’ve practiced a bit, you’ll find that it’s quite easy. 2.Once the meal was finished, the discussion began. 3.Once you show any fear, he will attack you. 4.Once parents make a commitment to the program, they will be daily role models for their children. 5. Once customers come to rely on these systems, they almost never ta ke their business elsewhere. Translation XI. 1. In his thinking, as in his behavior, he is very traditional. 2. Once the teachers agree to accept the new teaching program, they h ave to face the strain it puts on them. 3. In the long run, it is worthwhile to pursue one’s study after graduati ng from university instead of going work directly. 4. As the school operates on the Character First principle, moral values and academic achievements stressed equally. 5. It is said that the meeting ,which is scheduled to be held this month, will be put off till next month. 6. The school sees its job as preparing its students for life by cultivati ng a comprehensive set of principles
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that can benefit all of them. XII. 1.跟在法国一样,美国在 20 世纪 60 年代也发生过文化革命。 2.他一旦下定决心去干一件事,就根本拦不住他。 3.学校强调的观点是:家长和孩子一起参加学校的活动是值得的。 4.快下课时老师让学生用最后的五分钟来展开激烈的讨论,依照 1—10 的评分标准相互评价他们当天的课现。 5.为了避免引发针对他们的品格培养方案的争论,该校校长解释说,品格 第一并不是要强迫学生接受某一德原则或教观念。 6.并非所有的家长都相信海德中学的办学原则, 即如果你向学业生传授诸 如求真、勇敢、正直、领导能力奇心和关心他人等美德的话,学生的学习成 绩就自然会提高。 Cloze XIII. 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. A 8. D 9. C 10. B 11. B 12. A 13. C 14. C 15. A 16. B 17. C 18. A 19. D 20. B Section B Reading Skills I. 1. To discuss in detail the ―unique cultural factors‖that affect decision making. 2. For some information about the Western-style decision-making. 3. How they react after the agreement is made. 4. By giving an example to illustrate the point. Comprehension of the Text II. 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. A 7. B 8. A Vocabulary III.
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1. exert 2. analyzed 3. differ 4. consult 5. discarded 6. volume 7. delicate 8. convert 9. dismissed 10. flexible IV. 1. in, from 2. on 3. to 4. behind 5. From, to 6. between, up 7. for 8. to 9. from 10. through Section A Comprehension of the Jext II 1. They are the Statue of Liberty, Barbie dolls, American Gothic, the Buffalo nickel, and Uncle Sam. 2. To celebrate the US independence and France –American alliance. 3. Since her introduction in 1959, Barbie has become the universally recognized Queen of the Dolls. The average American girl owns ten Barbie dolls, and two are sold somewhere in the world every second. 4. He was inspired by the Gothic window of an old farmhouse. 5. It honored a pair of connected tragedies from the settlement of the American frontier –the destruction of the buffalo herds and the American Indians. 6. Because buffalo no longer wandered about the great grasslands. 7. He said ―US‖was short for ―Uncle Sam‖Wilson
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8. It was a self-portrait of Flagg. (It looked like him.) Vocabulary III. 1. Inspected 2. Assembled 3. Exaggerated 4. Versions 5. universal 10. solemn

6. Approved 7. Recruit 8. Evolved 9. Dedicated IV. 1. worked on

2. approve of 3. went ahead 4. for sale 5. come up with

6. refashioned into 7. rise to fame 8. captures my attention 9. evolved from 10. named after V. 1. C 2. E 3. F 4. N 5. O 6. K 7. A 8. H 9. L 10. I Collocation VI. 1. respect 2. influence 3. credit 4. confidence 5. support 6. acceptance 7. fame 8. insight 9. recognition 10. Experience Word Building VII. 1. Intelligence 2. Consequence 3. Significance 4. Ignorance 5. indifference 6. Excellence 7. Brilliance 8. magnificence VIII.
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1. Coexists 2. co-director 3. Cooperate 4. Copilot 5. co-author Sentence Structure IX. 1. Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground, his face covered with tears. 2. The hotel taxi sped away, the taillights disappearing into the distance. 3. Their stomachs crying for food, their backs burning from too much sun, both boys gathered their things and headed for home. 4. Barbara just lay there, her mouth trembling, her eyes unfocused, unable to say a word. 5. Then the two players let him fall to the track, his chest landing first, his head following, bouncing, and finally lying still. X. 1. Most snakes, although with a threatening appearance, aren’t really dangerous if you leave them alone. 2. Women, even though with the same abilities, have failed to approach the income of men. 3. Though with a severe shortage of coal supply, the governor was not forced to close all the schools.

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4. She is capable of making complete French meals even though with no cheese between salad and dessert. 5. When in doubt about the result of your test, call the test office. Translation XI. 1. Everything considered, this city is the world’s most exciting city. 2. Though with no approval from his parents , he went ahead with his plan to study abroad. 3. The bridge was named after the hero who gave his life for the cause of people. 4. It is said that the painter used his mother as the model in the painting whose face represented suffering yet strength. 5. The writer instantly rose to fame in 1950 with the publication of a novel inspired by his experience with a girl on a farm. 6. One story says that ―US‖was short for ―Uncle Sam‖whose real name was Sam Wilson, who had once worked with a man who had signed a contract with the government to provide meat to the US Army. X

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1.这幅画上一个神色严肃的男子,身旁站着一位女子,身后是所农舍。他们 的原型分别是画家的牙医和姐姐。 2.公司的申请书,不管是代表自己还是代表他人,都应该有官员的签名。 3.做了脱口秀之后,约翰和妻子在广播和电视节目上出了名,这些节目给普 通民众以启迪,而不只是向他们提 供信息。 4.尽管有些人不赞同,可市领导还是决定实施这个计划,在湖边建造两个五 星级宾馆,经吸引更多的游客。 5.那位著名画家去世了,曾经给他当模特的妻子立即担任了他装潢公司的总 经理职务。 6.宴会上,他们的衣着都很华丽,但吸引我注意力的却是他们的交谈方式, 使得我很想和他们交谈。 Cloze XIII. 1. A 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. B 6. D 7. A 8. C 9. A 10. B 11. A 12. C 13. A 14. C 15. C 16. A 17. D 18. D 19. A 20. D Section B Reading Skills I. 1. To crush is press something so hard that it is damaged or destroyed. Here Mary compares herself to a

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thing that is too weak to resist the pressure ,i.e., the harsh words from publishers. Mary admits that she is extremely upset. 2. At the very beginning Engelbreit did not expect to draw greeting cards; she aimed high. Now that she was told her style was better suited for drawing greeting cards, she felt it was a comedown from high expectation. To her , drawing greeting cards was a fall from her life’s goal. 3. The card is personified. As we know , a card is communicating a proud message. 4. Acid means having a sour or bitter taste. When one has an acid tongue , he or she is very bitter to others, that is , he or she is very critical of others. 5. A trademark is a special name , sign, word, etc. marked on a product; it is a special sign or a distinctive characteristic. Now being cute is Mary’s distinctive feature. 6. A core is the central part of certain fruit . A core of one’s life is the most important part of one’s life. The whole sentence means Engelbreit treasures old-fashioned art and values most. 7. When one puts his or her feet firmly on the ground, he or she is down-to-earth, In other words, he or she is very realistic and practical. 8. When you say an artistic work takes off, you mean it begins to be successful.
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Comprehension of the Text II. 1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. C 6. B 7. A 8. D Vocabulary III. 1. crush 2. astonishing 3. comprised 4. features 5. decorated 6. elaborate 7. influential 8. annual 9. humorous 10. Sample IV. 1. to 2. down 3. on 4. into 5. to 6. with 7. off 8. at 9. up 10. Up Unit 6 Section A How to Prepare for Earthquakes Comprehension of the Text I. 1. They have wired the Earth and sea to detect movements. 2. They have traditionally watched animals and plants for warning signs of earthquakes. 3. They are killed by falling buildings. 4. They design buildings so that the building’s columns and horizontal beams are of equal strength, and vertical support columns are inserted deep into solid soil.

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5. They should regularly check and reinforce their homes, place heavy objects in low positions, attach cupboards and cabinets to walls, and fasten doors so that they will not open accidentally during an earthquake. 6. To make water from other sources safe to drink. 7. To have all of the family members call to check in with a friend or relative who lives more than a hundred miles away. 8. Education concerning how to survive an earthquake. Vocabulary III. 1. sensible 2.detect 3. precaution 4.occurrence 5. withstand 6.resistant 7. vertical 8. Accidental 9. enclosed IV. 1. come out of 2. watch for 6. make a difference to 10. In addition to V. 1. E 2. J 3. K 4. O 5. B 6. L 7.C 8. H 9.G 10.N Collocation VI. 1. sense 2. message 3. argument 4. image 5.idea 6. belief 7. knowledge 8. reputation 9. standard 10. habit
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10. fastened

3. resistant to

4. put out 5. After all 9. if necessary

7. agree on 8. attach labels to

Word Building VII. 1+f →cupboard 碗厨 2+i→motorcycle 摩托车 3+l →silkworm 蚕 4+k →teargas 催泪毒气 5+g →bloodstain 血迹 6+a →sawdust 锯木屑 7+e→tortoise-shell 龟壳 8+ j→steam-engine 蒸汽机 9+b →arrowhead 箭头 10+h →shirt-sleeves 衬衫袖 12+c→manservant 男佣人 VIII. 1. Encourage 2. Enlarge 3. Encircles 4. Enable 5. endanger 6. Enlightened Sentence Structure IX. 1. so that the baby would not catch cold 2. so that more people would vote for him 3. so that his father might forgive him for his failure in the math exam 4. so that it would go on smoothly 5. so that you can judge for yourself X. 1.She cycled from Shanghai to Beijing, which is pretty good for a wo man of 50. 2. He wore his swimming things in the office, which shocked his boss a great deal. 3. They ran out of drink, which actually didn’t bother me because I wa sn’t drinking. 4.They will win the match, which will please my brother. 5. She borrowed a book on literature, which suggests that her literature teacher was having some influence on her. Translation XI.
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11+d→window-pane 窗玻璃

7. Ensure 8. Enforce 9. Enacted 10. endear

1. We should try our best to forecast earthquakes so that destruction of property caused by them could be prevented as much as possible. 2. A farmer noticed large schools of fish swimming near the surface of the water, which, he said, indicated the possible occurrence of an earthquake. 3. Keep an English-English dictionary handy, and when you cannot understand a word with accuracy, you may refer to it any time. 4. If necessary, people who live in the area where an earthquake is ab out to occur may sleep in tents. 5. A master’s degree does make a great difference to a student who w ants to get a job. 6. In addition to the knowledge about earthquakes, the book tells us ho w to prepare for them. XII. 1. 由于在地震中遇难的人大部分都是被倒塌的建筑物砸死的,所以一定 要改进建筑结构,以便它们能够抵御 地震的力量。 2. 人们应该在家里和工作地点储备些水和食物,这在可能发生地震时是 特别必要的。 3. 在日本和中国,人们长期以来一直相信通过观察动物行为可以预测地 震。 4. 除了努力改进建筑结构之外,地震多发地区的人们还应该在其他几个 方面为可能发生的大地震做好准备。 5. 明智的做法是每个家庭都制定地震应急计划,而且所有的家庭成员都 应该知道在地震过后的混乱中如何离 开那个地区。 6. 由于剩下的几条可用电话线路将会很忙,所有的家人都应该往住在远 离地震区域的某个朋友或亲戚家中打 电话报平安。
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Cloze XIII. 1. B 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. C 6. D 7. A 8. C 9. D 10. A

11. B 12. B 13. D 14. C 15. D 16. B 17. A 18. C 19. D 20.D Section B Reading Skills I. 1. Because things in nature, large or small, new or old, are judged in comparison with other things involved. 2. About 5 billion years ago. (Para. 3) You can have the answer by ju st skimming for the words ―the Earth‖ and ―formed‖. 3. About 3 million years ago. (Para. 4) You can get the answer by jus t skimming for the words ―the first human beings‖. 4. From Para. 6 to Para. 9. 5. From Para. 10 to Para. 13. Comprehension II. 1. in agreement with Vocabulary III. 1. outcome 2. permanent 3. exceeding 4. likewise 5. accelerate 6. retain 7. ignorant 8. shortage 9. duration 10. protective IV. 1. Now that I am retired, I find I am spending more and more time o n charity work, which I am very happy to take part in. 2. His suggestions are in harmony with the aims of the project.
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2. Cooled

3. out of proportion to 7. in peace with

4. hard

5. can’t be renewed 6. speed up

8. aware of

3. In other words, 95 percent of the students have passed the entrance examination and been admitted to universities. 4. We go abroad for a week or ten days every year, but I think we h ave a very simple life compared with many. 5. Since coal is formed from plants, which are chemically very complic ated, its own chemical make-up is very complex. 6. During his stay in the countryside, he took to smoking. 7. The father was ignorant of the boy’s secrets. 8. The earthquake that took place last week brought about ten thousand deaths and destruction of half of the buildings in the area. 9. The lawyer said to the old man: ―If you die before you have made a will, the law will decide the distribution of your property, which may not be in accordance with you r wishes.‖ 10. The changes that have taken place over the past several years—bot h in terms of the marketplace and in the changing expectations of our patients—increasingly require that our physicians be kind to their patients. Unit 7 Vocabulary III 1. modernize 2. interpret 3. distributing 4. punctually 5. conservation 6. maximum 7. exported 8. conquer 9. classification 10. recreation IV 1. by name 2. in high gear 3. turned out 4. At times 5. as to
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6. stem from 7. put in 8. on the subject of 9. in the interest of 10. w ork on V 1.D 2.G 3.N 4.B 5.I 6.M 7.E 8.J 9.L 10.A Collocation VI 1. life 2. economy 3. conversation 4. politics 5. country 6. garden 7. industry 8. literature 9. interview 10. meetings Word Building VII 1. seaward: going toward the sea 2.backward: directed toward the back, the beginning, or the past; returni ng; behind in development 3. earthward: toward the earth 4. outward: toward the outside; away; on the outside, appearing to be t rue but perhaps not really true 5. southward: going toward the south 6. northward: going toward the north 7. homeward: going toward home 8. inward: moving toward the inside; on the inside; of the mind or spir it VIII 1. interchangeable 2. intermingle 3. interconnected 4. interdependent 5. interplay 6. intermarriage 7. interpersonal 8. interactive Sentence Structure IX 1. As to what actually happened to the headquarters 2. As to where I should go to further my study 3. as to how different they are and why we want to keep them both 4. as to whether or nor I should remain at the college working as a te aching assistant

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5. as to whether the old hard ware is to be replaced by new hardware X 1. There is no use trying to help those who do not help themselves 2. it is no good trying to solve the issue between the nations by mean s of war 3. There is no sense refusing to accept it 4. There is no point in having a load of money 5. there is no harm in spending some time thinking about what sort of career you might wish to pursue Translation XI 1.An interesting question therefore remains as to how far Microsoft can go with Gates as its CEO. 2.There’s/It’s no use complaining since nothing ever changes as the res ult of a complaint. What’s important is to take measures to prevent similar events from happiness. 3.Learn to accept the fact that some people you thought were friends t urn out to be enemies. 4.As you would expect from the book’s title, there are many references to what kind of man Gates is. 5.The prosperity of the company stems from hardworking and thrifty of the entire staff. 6.He said nothing at all on the subject of the play which was put on f or the first time Saturday night. XII 1. 至于那天晚上他是怎么死的,事实上我无法解释,而且也许不会有任 何可能的解释了。 2.做了一件事然后说自己本来不想那样做是没有用的;如果你不想做, 你就不会做了。

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3.微软公司正在研究降低其产品成本的方法,以便发展中国家的人也能 买得起。 4.苹果公司也愿意将其部分软件与微软公司的产品捆绑在一起,以促进其 销售。 5.与评价父亲不同,人们评价母亲依据的是其为母之道的成功或失败。 对于母亲来说,一切都取决于孩子最 终成为什么样的人。 6.人们会发现这个网站很有价值,因为我们投入了大量时间准备网站的 信息。 Cloze XIII 1 A 2 B 3 C 4 B 5 A 6 D 7 B 8 D 9 C 10 A 11 D 12 B 13 D 14 C 15 A 16 C 17 D 18 C 19 A 20 D Unit 8 Section A Vocabulary III. 1. mount 2. resembles 3. implication 4. prohibits 5. deliberate 6. debate 7. classified 8. guidelines 9. split 10. generated IV. 1. within reach 2. fall into 3. in terms of 4. get around 5. regardless o f 6. referred to 7. What if 8. in the first place 9. concerned about 10. id entical to V. 1. K 2. E 3. M 4. O 5. F 6. H 7. N 8. A 9. I 10. B Collocation VI. 1. duties 2. emotions 3. interests 4. experience 5. Responsibility

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6. love 7. characteristics 8. memories 9. information 10. belief Word B uilding VII. 1. transposition 2. transatlantic 3. transmigrants 4. transformed 5. transnational 6. transoceanic 7. transshipped 8. transported VIII. 1. nonexistent 2. non-stop 3. non-art 4. non-college 5. non-productive 6. non-profit 7. non-fiction 8. non-violent Sentence Structure IX. 1. What if I say no 2. What if they don’t know 3. What if we can’t finish it on time 4. What if this happens to us someday 5. What if he has lied to us X. 1. The Bosnian peace talks are continuing in Geneva today with the ne w proposals at the top of the agenda. 2. All of Southern Africa is suffering from a severe drought with Moz ambique and Zimbabwe among the worse-hit countries. 3. The Europe Summit in Paris is drawing to an end with the US in d anger of being completely isolated. 4. With the King in prison, the chief commander came to power and r uled the country. 5. With stability itself under threat, the reforms deserve all the support the you can get. Translation XI. 1. It sounds like a good idea, but what if it’s a trick?
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2. Cities and towns in this area suffered a lot from the earthquake wit h Jiujiang and Ruichang among the worst-hit. 3. He complained that they should not have got involved in it in the fi rst place. 4. For Mary’s sake, I can lend you my car to get around your transpor t problem. 5. In theory it’s feasible to clone a child to harvest organs, but in prac tice it would be psychologically harmful to the child. 6. He published an article under the name of Braver which stresses the idea that the process of cloning animals would work for humans as well. XII. 1. 你说你不会把时间浪费在约会上,但如果遇到吸引你的男子,你会怎 么办呢? 2. 为了帮助艾滋病患者,需要有新的措施,地方社团、非政府机构、政 府和国际组织之间要建立密切的合作 关系。 3. 上周,该国际传出消息说,他们正密切关注该地区的情况。 4. 在导致数百人死亡的污染事件发生之后,政府开始起草环境保护指导方 针。 5. 正如这篇文章的作者所警告的,克隆人类可能是一件使人更加悲伤而 非更加高兴的事。 6. 在一些西方国家,有些父母准备克隆孩子,目的是进行非致使非致命 器官的移植。 Cloze XIII. 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. C 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. A 10. C 11. C 12. B 13. B 14. C 15. A 15. B 17. D 18. A 19. D 20. B Section B
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Reading Skills I. 1. The title is actually a question. By using a question as a title, the writer tries to attract the readers’ attention. Obviously, it’s about the possibility or legality of human clon ing. The writer will give us a thorough analysis as to who might take advantage of human cloning. 2. The language is formal and serious. Besides, it is emotional. The evi dence for this is the repeated employment of rhetorical questions. 3. Altogether, there are seven questions, including the one in the title. Of the seven, four are rhetorical questions. They appear respectively at the end of Paragraph 2, Paragrap h 3, Paragraph 4, and at the beginning of Paragraph 6. 4. Rhetorical questions are mainly intended to stir up the readers’emoti ons, to put them off guard, making them ready to accept the writer’s opinion. Rhetorically, this is called emotional appeal. By using rhetorical questions four times, the writer of this text is appealing to th e readers to accept the idea ―Don’t just say no to human cloning‖. With all the above in view, we can see that the text is persuasive. Comprehension of the Text II. 1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. T Vocabulary III. 1. resigned 2. consent 3. governing 4. refusal 5. disposed 6. artificial 7. desirable 8. reproduce 9. violated 10. radical IV. 1. She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.
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2. It makes sense to buy the most up-to-date version. 3. If the day turns out to be wet, we may have to change our plans. 4. Upon reflection, she decided to accept his offer. 5. For the sake of a successful exhibition we should try our best to co llect more famous paintings. 6. We reserved two tickets in the name of Brown. 7. We had to resign ourselves to taking a loss on the sale. 8. Economic and social inequalities can never be viewed as positive and c onstructive forces. 9. If he did move to Beijing, he’d stand a chance of getting a job. 10. These policemen are frightened at the prospect that they face a pop ulation which has the most advanced automatic arms at its disposal. Unit9 Vocabulary III. 1. invitation 2. enforced 3. cited 4. awkward 5. inherited 6. dispute 7. exposure 8. valid 9. verified 10. justification IV. 1. She has certainly gained in confidence over the last couple of years. 2. The actor made the headlines for having an affair. 3. Greg’s parents are worried about his exposure to the kind of people they don’t approve of while he’s at college. 4. The opposition parties are calling for the minister’s resignation over the scandal. 5. The administration is in the process of drawing up a peace plan. 6. She’ll end up penniless if she keeps spending as much as that. 7. She lays bare her three unhappy marriages in her autobiography. 8. Hoping that he might be able to shed light on the problem, I asked Paul to look at the engine.
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9. The outside influences have no bearing on what you can do for your basketball team. 10. Thank you; I’ll store that piece of ness away for a time when I m ight need it. V. 1. N 2. G 3. I 4. J 5. E 6. M 7. D 8. K 9. C 10.B Collocation VI. 1. institutions 2. security 3. independence 4. rewards 5. markets 6. crisis 7. situation 8. aid 9. position 10. damages Word Building VII. 1. a tradition perfected by the Elizabethans 2. an exhibition of fine Victorian furniture 3. dance music with African roots 4. lots of shops run by Asians 5. make the British feel more European 6. contemporary Italian literature 7. some films of Hollywoodian style 8. some novels of Jamesian style VIII. 1. Premarital 2. premature 3. pre-game 4. preplanned 5. pre-school 6. preexist 7. presuppose 8. Prehistoric Sentence Structure IX. 1. He listens to the radio while driving to work. 2. He works in an American company while giving lectures on economics at a college in the evening.
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3. In some societies professional women are treated as equals on the job while being treated as servants at home. 4. We should be pupils while serving as teachers. 5. The two professors will exchange their views while attending a meeting in Paris. X. 1. Not even once did this thought come to her mind. 2. No sooner were they released by order of the court than they were rearrested by the police. 3. By no means is it easy to pass the test when you are not spending enough time preparing. 4. Seldom did the couple go to the theater together during their stay in the USA. 5. Not until we understand the person who has the disease can we und erstand the disease. Translation XI. 1. Word came yesterday that they were killed while trying to reach the summit. 2. Under no circumstances shall I mention to anyone that I have turned down the invitation to her wedding. 3. It made the headlines that the president’s wife threatened her husban d with public exposure. 4. That wealthy lady’s repeated demand for a premarital agreement grea tly harmed her prospective husband’s self-esteem and ended up in his refusal to get married. 5. Make no mistake about it, some women would insist on the right to get a divorce if their husbands did not earn as much as they expected. 6. The casual discovery of the fingerprint shed some light on the murd er he had been looking into. XII.
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1. 现如今太多的人似乎都是边看电视边吃东西,几乎没注意自己吃的 是什么、吃了多少。 2. 我怎么也没有料到没有我你会生活得这么惬意。 3. 他在支票上伪造他哥哥的签名,以不正当手段得到了这笔钱,这件事 后来被媒体曝了光。 4. 他举了个典型的例子来说明警官是出于自卫朝那人开的枪,因为那人 先朝他开枪。 5. 专家普遍认为包含对人的健康有很重要的影响。 6. 在中国婚前协议的例子不多,这说明婚前协议尚不为众人接受,尽管 离婚会涉及财产分配问题。 XIII. 1. B 2.C 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. A 7. B 8. D 9. C 10. D 11. C 12. C 13. A 14. D 15. B 16. B 17. D 18. B 19. A 20. C Section B Reading Skills I. 1. Yes. In the sense that ―the structure of family life is undergoing e xtreme changes‖. 2. They are about marriages, parents, unmarried mothers and children i n single-parent households. 3. It says women tend to work longer hours than men both at home a nd on the job. 4. It will be one to illustrate why getting a job is no longer optional f or women. 5. Fathers’income usually exceeds mothers’income, but it is women wh o usually contribute a larger proportion of their income to their family. Comprehension of the Text II. 1. C 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. B 6. C 7. B 8. A Vocabulary III.
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1. undergo 2. released 3. concludes 4. overtaking 5. maintain 6. contribute 7. vary 8. adequate 9. optional 10. migrate IV. 1. on/upon 2. about 3. to 4. to 5. for 6. to 7. in 8. to 9. as 10. by U nit 10 Section A Vocabulary III. 1.harness 2.percentage 3.impose 4.authorities 5.dreading 6.drawbacks 7.universe 8.extension 9.broaden 10.practically IV. 1. on 2. with 3. to 4. with 5. by 6. to 7. At 8. as 9. for 10. on/upon V. 1.L 2.J 3.O 4.C 5.H 6. M 7. A 8.G 9.F 10. D Collocation VI. 1. defeat 2. truth 3. responsibility 4. guilt 5 need 6. mistake 7. love 8. effect 9. fact 10. identity VII. 1. subordinate 2. subheadings 3. submerging 4. subdivided 5. subcontinent 6. submarine 7. subhuman 8. subway VIII. l.e 2.h 3.b 4.c 5.g 6.d 7.f 8. a Sentence Structure IX 1. Wherever you go, you can always find Coca-Cola. 2. However rich people are, they always want more. 3. Whoever you marry, make sure he can cook. 4. Whichever day you come, we'll be pleased to see you. 5. They found the people friendly wherever they went X.
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1. Turn on TV and you will often see advertisements snowing happy, balanced families. 2. Five minutes earlier and you could have caught the last train. 3. Start acting like a hero and I'll hit you. 4. Work hard and you'll pass your examinations. 5. Arrive late once more and you'll be fired. Translation XI. 1.1 went to the library and read whatever I could find about the cause s of the mysterious disappearances of the ships and planes in the Bermuda Triangle. 2. Continue treating friends like this, and you will lose them all. 3. They must know their product thoroughly and know how to promote sales by word of mouth, telephone or letter. 4. It suddenly dawned on me that money couldn't make up for all that he had suffered in the past five years. 5. Some people refer to translation as science while others take it as ar t. 6. Instead of imposing personal views upon others, we should promote democracy. XII. 1.当然新演员绝对不能停步不前,而应该尽可能地创造机会。 2.他得寸进尺。 3.我想我们的关系很好, 我们是朋友。 但是外面现在正在竞争, 将来也会。 无论我们做什么,无论我们在什么 地方,我们将还会相互竞争。 4.退休后,他远离政治,开始打网球。他发现打网球是一种很好的放松方 式。 5.过了一会,显然带着不情愿,他在电话里承认了自己的身份,并请求我 原谅他。 6.在我看来,当老师的唯一缺陷,是它不太会引起公众的注意。 Cloze
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XIII. l.B 2.C 3. A 4.B 5.D 6. A 7. B 8. D 9. C 10. B 11. B 12. A 13. B 14. D 15. B 16. A 17. C 18. D 19. A 20. B Section B Reading Skills I 1. Denotation: the curved or circular shape Connotation(s): the act of going around somewhere. The implied meani ng is that the policeman was going around the area, trying doors and consequently seeing now and then th e lights of an emergency dental office or something of the sort. 2. Denotation: make a deep hollow sound Connotation(s): loudly spread to the streets. The implied meaning is tha t the streets were quiet, and that even bars were careful not to get their loud music into the streets. 3. Denotation: say what medicine a sick person should or must have C onnotation(s): The West is tough enough to make a man strong. Here the West is compared to a doctor. 4. Denotation: (of an army or the police) surround a place and try to gain control of it or force someone to come out of it Connotation(s): blow hard on the city streets. The implied meaning of t he sentence is that the wind was very strong and blew hard on the city streets like an army making a fierce attack on its enemy. 5. Denotation: production Connotation(s): his achievements. The implied meaning of the sentence is that the man from the West was boasting about how he made his "achievements": rising to the top by means legal or illegal, etc.

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6. Denotation: (cause to) change shape, the true or intended meaning, o r direction Connotation(s): change a good man into a bad one. The use of the wo rd "twist" suggests that the man was not only changed in appearance but also in nature. Comprehension of the Text II: l.D 2. A 3.C 4. A 5.C 6.D 7. B 8. A Vocabulary III. 1. sucked 2. visible 3. booming 4. fared 5. output 6. installed 7. routines 8. prescribe 9. tore 10. emitting IV. 1. run into trouble 2. let alone 5. torn down 9. making her way 3. free of 4. deducted from 6. rise to the top 7. toying with 8. laid siege to 10. on my way

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