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考前指导材料


考前指导材料
第一部分 听力 在高考中,听力是第一部分,同学们难免有些紧张,这是正常的。但做听力试题时,如果能 注意以下一些解题技巧,我们就能顺利解决好每一道题。 1、 培养良好心态 听力测试题不同于其它题型,不可能像其它书面题型那样遇到不明白的地方可以回过头来看 前面的材料或停下来自由地思考一下。听力测试的做题速度是由命题人统一掌握的,录音材料瞬 息即逝,无“回听”的机会或自由思考的余地。考生临场心态对听力成绩有着极大的影响,因此, 必须培养良好的心态。 2、浏览试题先预测 充分利用好考前 5 分钟及每题听前 5-20 秒钟等一切可以利用的时间,积极进行听前预测。具 体方法是:快速阅读题干和选项,理解其意义,然后把握备选项的特征,确定每个小题的考查点 或听的重点进行有效推测。 3、抓住关键信息 听录音时,要带着预测得出的“蛛丝马迹”,抓住所需关键信息,以提高答题的效率和准确率。 注意常用的信号词有:表示转折的词常用 a2I’m sorry but… , I’m afraid not , I don’t think so , but, however, yet, although , though 等;表示顺序的用 first,second,third,then,last,after,before 等;表示原因和结果的用 because, as for, as a result, thanks to , owing to , because of , due to , since , now that 等。 4、判断说话人的观点和态度 常言“听话听音,锣鼓听声” ,说话者总会有说话的意图,有时这观点、意图是明说出来的, 有时则蕴含在字里行间,需要考生自己去揣摩、推断。所以考生要不仅理解所听内容的主旨 大意,而且能通过其中的重要细节、具体事实,揣摩推断出说话者的意图、观点和态度。 5、捕捉人物、时间、地点、数字等具体信息 考生要听清、听懂事实信息,精确理解具体细节、特殊信息,并对所听到的信息做简单的处 理。如以下三类题目: 人物及人物之间关系判断类: (老师与学生,老师与老师,医生与病人,售货员与顾客,交警 与司机,老板与职员,记者与被采访者,家长与儿女,朋友之间等) 1) Who are the two speakers ? A. Mother and son. B. Boss and secretary. C. Teacher and student. 听力原文: M: Hi. Miss Jane. I?m sorry I failed again in your subject, but I really tried. W: No one succeeds every time. Come on and be happy. You?ll have more chances. M: Thanks a lot. No failure next time. C 2) What is the woman most probably ? A. A clerk. B. A librarian. C. A waitress. 听力原文: W: Can I take your coat ? M: Thank. W: Would you like something to drink before you order your meal, sir ? M: Yes, please. Can I see the wine list ? C 地点和方位判断类: Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a museum. B. In a zoo. C. At the entrance to a park. 听力原文: W: Dear, look at those monkeys running around the rock hill. See that monkey? She?s carrying hBer baby in her arms. M: Yes. isn?t it interesting. B Where does the woman live now? A. In Sydney. B. In Canberra. C. In Melbourne. 听力原文: M: Do you enjoy your life in Canberra? W: Not very, I?m planning to move to Melbourne or Sydney. But I?ve never regretted my earlier

decision. 数字及计算类: B How much did the man spend on his lunch? A. $ 7.5. B. $ 6.5. C. $ 3.5. 听力原文: W: How much did you spend on your lunch? M: Not too much. One dollar and fifty for an egg and a cup of coffee. Two dollars for each of the three dishes. A 6、适时做好记录 学会边听边记。特别是听长对话和独白时,更要养成边听边记的习惯。记录时要有重点、有技 巧。如用阿拉伯数字、符号、首字母、缩写形式甚至中文在选项旁做记号。记录的重点应是数字、 日期、钟点、年龄、尺码、地名、人名等,具体可以根据预测情况确定。 7、学会忽略生词,充分利用重复信息。 听的时候,注意力要紧跟会话者的思路。个别地方没听清是常有的事,可能是碰到了没有学 过的单词,遇到这种情况,一定要毫不犹豫地跳过去,我们可以通过上下文猜测到该单词的大意。 第二部分 单项填空

高考英语单项填空应试技巧
总体要求:
① 认真分析句子结构; ② 注意语境分析,克服思维定势。切记:语言是活的,而语法是死的; 方法:多用排除法;遇上疑问句、强调句、定语从句、插入语等要对题干进行简化和还原。

解题具体指导:
一:把握语境信息 题干中不明确标示解题关键信息,而是比较巧妙地隐含在句子中,稍不注意就会错选。 1. ① (原题)--- Has Sam finished his homework today? ---I have no idea. He _____ it this morning. (NMET 2004 全国 II) ②(改编)--- Has Sam finished his homework today? --- Yes. He ______ it this morning. A. did 2. B. has done C. was doing D. had done (A) (C)

①(原题)---Which of the three ways shall I take to the village ? --- ______way as you please. (2004 福建) (C)

②(改编)---Which of the two ways shall I take to the village ? --- ______ way as you please. A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either (D)

二:还原或化简句子 题干以省略句、疑问句 、被动句 、倒装句、强调句等形式,避开考生所熟悉的陈述句结构,从 而加大难度。有时题干较长, 加入了从句、插入语等修饰部分。 1. 将倒装句、疑问句改成陈述正常语序。 ① Look! There_________ Mum and Dad!

A. comes

B. come

C. are coming

D. is coming

(B)

② Whom would you rather have ___with you? A. to go B. go C. gone D. going (B)

还原为:you would rather have whom _____ with you ③ What great trouble we had_____ her! A. persuade B. to persuade C. persuading D. persuaded (C)

还原为:We had great trouble _______ her ④ You cannot imagine what great trouble I took ______ your house. A. to find B. finding C. found D. having found (A)

从句还原为:I took great trouble ______ your house. 2. 改被动句为主动句 ① Time should be made good use of ___our lessons well. A. learning B. learned C. to learn D. learns (C)

还原为:We should make good use of time ____our lesson well. ② --- Have you finished your task now? --- Not yet. So much time has been wasted _______ its details aimlessly this morning. A. being assessed B. to assess C. assessed D. assessing (D)

还原为:I have wasted so much time ______ its details aimlessly this morning. ③ A cook will be immediately fired if he is found ______ in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked (B)

3. 强调句型还原成简单句式 ① It was _____ the old clock that the old man spent the whole morning at home. A. repair B. repairing C. to repair D. in repair (B)

还原为:The old man spent the whole morning ____ the old clock at home ② Was it in the beautiful park ____ was located by the sea ___ we first met our new Chinese teacher? A. where, which B. which, which C. that, that D. which, where 4. 补充省略成分 ① ---What made you so happy ? ---_______. A. Because of my passing the exam. B. I passed the exam. C. Because I passed the exam. D. My passing the exam. (D) (C)

补充后:________ made me so happy. ② If the weather is fine, we'll go. If _____, _____.

A. not, not

B. no, no

C. not, no

D. no, not

(A)

补充后:If the weather is NOT fine, we will NOT go. 再如:If you study hard, you'll succeed. If not, not. ③ 5. 化繁为简法. 命题者往往有意设置一些无效附加信息,使题干复杂化。在解决这类题时,不妨将这些无效附加 信息大胆合理地舍去,即将起干扰作用的定语从句、非谓语动词、介词短语或插入语,如 I think / suppose / believe, do you think / suppose / believe, you know, of course 等删除,从而更容易地选出 正确答案。 ①The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at _____I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that (C)

② He believes in himself,______, in my opinion, is of the most importance. A. that B. which C. what D. As (B)

③ It is global warming, rather than other factors,_______ the extreme weather. A. that have led to 三:克服思维定势 利用思维定势的影响设计的题目是最容易让我们上当的题目。因为我们背记了许多语法规则、词 汇、词的固定搭配和句子结构等,做题时只注意了这些熟悉的语法规则、结构和局部固定搭配, 往往在没有完全弄清整个题干意思时就作出了选择,结果出错。 ①I will spend a whole evening _____ in your room waiting for the thief to arrive. A. locking B. in locking C. being locked D. locked (D) B. which has caused C. which are causing D. that has led to (D)

[解析]容易误认为是考查 spend some time (in) doing sth 结构而选 A,忽视了 waiting for…这一 部分。locked in your room 在句子里作方式状语,“(我)被锁在你的房间里等侯”。 ②The country life he was used to ______greatly since 1992. (2005 山东卷) A. change B. has changed C. changing D. have changed (B) ③Thai is the only way we can imagine the overuse of water in students' bathrooms. (B) A. reducing B. to reduce C. reduced D. reduce 四:熟悉英语文化,克服母语干扰 ①---It?s getting late. I?m afraid I must be going now. ---OK. _________ A. Take it easy. B. Go slowly. C. Stay longer. D. See you. (D)

②---I am afraid I can't return the book to you before Friday.(2008 重庆卷) ---_____.

A. Don't be afraid

B. Be careful

C. Not at all

D. Take your time (D)

③“如果你方便的话”说成英语是 if you are convenient 吗? ? I'll come to see you if _____. A. you're convenient C. you feel convenient B. it is convenient for you D. it is convenient with you (B)

④“交通拥挤”的英语是 crowded traffic 吗? ? He wants to move house, because he hates the _____ here. A. crowded traffic B. crowded traffics C. busy traffic D. busy traffics (C)

五:注重标点符号和连接词 借助标点符号或连词,正确分析句子结构。它们往往决定句子后半部分是否是完整的句子,从而 判断所填答案是连词还是代词,是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。 ① Tom has many friends, ______ can help him. A. few of which B. few of whom C. few of that D. few of them (B)

? Tom has many friends; ______ can help him. A. few of which B. few of whom C. few of that D. few of them (D)

② I met several people there, two of _____ were foreigners. A. whom B. them C. who D. which (A)

? I met several people there, two of _____ being foreigners. A. whom B. them C. who D. which (B)

③ ______ but he still didn?t know what to do. A. Though he had been told B. He had been told C. Having been told D. Told (B)

④ If an excellent Chinese novel is translated into English, _____ means many more people in the world can enjoy it. A. as B. which C. what D. that (D)

Part Three: 完形填空部分
● 答题应试技巧:
注意三点: 1.所选项放在原句中能否使该句意思通顺; 2.语义、逻辑是否符合上下文; 3.是否与全文整体意思、作者观点协调一致; ◆在通读过程中特别要注意段首、段尾句对主题的提示,联想自己已有的与主题思想相关的常识, 判断文章的背景,体会作者的意图,把这些作为进一步推测细节的依据。 ◆做题时要利用选项,但不依赖于选项。由上下文的逻辑关系推理判断空白处的内容,自己争取 主动,然后从四个选项中选出该内容所涉及的词,比如这个空该填动词,应该想到和它意思相

近的动词,然后参考选项,这样才能不受选项的干扰。 切记:有些选择项根据上下句就能比较容易地作出正确判断,而有些选择项则必须根据整篇文章 的大意才能推出,所以学会上下文的联系能够多挣好几分。

●完形经典习题:
阅读下列短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1-20 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最 佳选项。 A One morning all the employees reached the office as usual. And on the wall they saw a big 1 on which it was written:Yesterday, the person who had been 2 your growth in this company passed 3 . We invite you to join the funeral prepared in the 4 . In the beginning, they all got 5 for the death of one of their colleagues. 6 after a while they started getting 7 to know who was the man that limited the growth of his colleagues and the company itself. The 8 in the gym was such that security agents(保安)were 9 to control the crowd within the room. The more people reached the coffin, the more the excitement 10 up. Everyone whispered to each other:“ 11 on earth is this guy?” One by one the excite d employees got closer to the coffin, and when they 12 inside it, they 13 became speechless. They stood nearby the coffin, shocked and in 14 , as if someone had 15 the deepest part of their soul. There was a 16 inside the coffin;everyone who looked inside it could see himself. There was also a sign next to the mirror that 17 : there is only one person who is 18 to set limits to your growth:IT IS 19 !!!!!! Your life doesn?t change when everyone around you changes. Your life changes when YOU change, when you go beyond your limiting beliefs inside. Don?t be afraid of 20 ; build yourself and your reality. It?s the way you face life itself that makes the difference! 1. A. card B. post C. sign D. 1etter 2. A. encouraging B. helping C. building D. limiting 3. A. on B. by C. away D. down 4. A. office B. gym C. way D. meeting room 5. A. sad B. excited C. afraid D. calm 6. A. And B. But C. Or D. So 7. A. ready B. pleased C. curious D. serious 8. A. surprise B. anger C. excitement D. sadness 9. A. admitted B. forced C. forbidden D. ordered 10. A. heated B. woke C. turned D. kept 11. A. Where B. What C. How D. Who 12. A. walked B. looked C. got D. turned 13. A. suddenly B. gradually C. merely D. extremely 14. A. sorrow B. order C. silence D. person 15. A. stolen B. touched C. attacked D. seen 16. A. 1etter B. book C. mirror D. appeared 17. A. wrote B. read C. showed D. reflected 18. A. sure B. eager C. afraid D. able

19. A. YOU 20. A. punishment

C. HE D. ITSELF C. changes D. blame B From the earliest times men seem to have noticed the habits of insects, and to have learnt lessons from them. Ants and bees work very hard during the summer, ___1___enough food to last during the winter. They give us a good example to ___2___ . If we waste time when the conditions are good for work, we shall probably____3___ later; when we really want to work, we are ___4___to do so. Moths, and some other insects, cannot help flying towards a light of any kind. The attraction seems to be too strong for them. __5____, they often ____6__ themselves by flying into something that is burning, such as a lighted candle. In some countries, when such insects as flying ants become a nuisance(讨厌的 东西), people ____7__ themselves by lighting fires at the doors of their cottages. Sometimes the insects fly into the fire in such large ____8__ that they put it out. In literature we often find poets warning us of the danger of being attracted by ___9___ or beautiful things that will destroy us. Butterflies are admired for their ___10____ , though they receive very little praise for anything else. They fly ___11_____ in the sunshine, going from flower to flower, happy all day long, leading a life of __12____ . They are beautiful, but it seems that they are not of much ___13____ use to anybody. Some human beings lead very much the same sort of life ___14____ they are butterflies of society. Locusts are ___15___ , though. They are active enough, too active. They spend their time eating the food of others. ___16____ there are men like this, destroying things wherever they go, taking for themselves ____17____ belongs to others, using up everything and ____18___ nothing. They are human ___19____. Perhaps it may be said that even the worst insects have one use: they __20_____ us not to be like them. 1. A. raising B. picking C. collecting D. growing 2. A. learn B. copy C. set D. accept 3. A. work B. realize C. suffer D. miss 4. A. anxious B. unnecessary C. nervous D. unable 5. A. As a result B. After all C. In the meanwhile D. What?s more 6. A. destroy B. heat C. devote D. kill 7. A. prevent B. keep C. protect D. escape 8. A. teams B. numbers C. groups D. lines 9. A. bright B. burning C. firing D. lighting 10. A. colour B. attraction C. beauty D. work 11. A. about B. up C. down D. high 12. A. misery B. pleasure C. business D. value 13. A. real B. true C. proper D. right 14. A. but B. and C. or D. though 15. A. different B. similar C. interesting D. exciting 16. A. Luckily B. Generally C. Unfortunately D. Usually 17. A. that B. which C. all D. what 18. A. preparing B. making C. storing D. producing 19. A. locusts B. moths C. enemies D. butterflies

B. ME B. praises

20. A. tell

B. suggest

C. warn

D. ask

Part Four: 阅读部分
● 答题应试技巧:
题型:主旨大意题 事实细节题 猜测词义题 推理判断 观点态度类 文章脉络结构题 作者写 作手法 1.关注文章脉络结构; 2.关注每一小节的主题句,也就是说读完每小节就要弄清它的 Main idea; 3. 采取 Skimming,关注主题句,其余 Supporting information 扫视即可; 4.如题目是细节题则通过 Scanning 有针对性地对读过的某小节仔细辨别具体信息; 5.通过上下文保证猜词题不失分; 6.文章 the best title 或 main idea,即文章主旨题,不能以偏概全也不能范围太大; 7. 关注题目题干(即要求)与选项的匹配。如题目为推理题,而如果选了事实题,那就不对了。 8.对一些推测作者接下来要写的段落内容或第一节前面所写的内容可通过文章承上启下的特点关 注文章最后一节或第一节的内容。 ★关于涂卡:最好在做完一卷后先涂卡,以防做完 II 卷后时间紧张。

●阅读经典习题: A
When I was eight, I saw a movie about an island that had an erupting volcano and jungles filled with wild animals. The island was ruled by a beautiful woman called Tondalaya, the Fire Goddess of the Volcano. It was a low budget movie, but to me, it represented the perfect life. But through the years, Tondalaya was forgotten. The week I turned 50, my marriage came to a sudden end. My house, furniture and everything I?d owned was sold to pay debts that I didn?t even know existed. In a week I had lost my husband, my home and my parents who had refused to accept a divorce in the family. I?d lost everything except my four teenage children. I used every penny I had to buy five plane tickets from Missouri to Hawaii. Everyone said I was crazy to think I could just run off to an island and survive. I was afraid they were right. I worked 18 hours a day and lost 30 pounds because I lived on one meal a day. One night as I walked alone on the beach, I saw the red orange lava(火山岩) pouring out of Kilauea Volcano in the distance. It was time to live my imagination! The next day, I quit my job, bought some art supplies and began doing what I loved. I hadn?t painted a picture in 15 years. I wondered if I could still paint. My hands trembled the first time I picked up a brush. But before an hour had passed, I was lost in the colors spreading across the canvas(画布) in front of me. And as soon as I started believing in myself, other people started believing in me, too. The first painting sold for $ 1500. The past six years have been filled with adventures. My children and I have gone swimming with dolphins, watched whales and hiked around the crater rim (火山口边缘) of the volcano. We wake up every morning with the ocean in front of us and the volcano behind us. The dream I had more than 40 years ago is now a reality. I?m living freely and happily ever after. 1. Why did the writer go to Hawaii? A. To free herself from trouble. B. To spend her holiday. C. To make a living. D. To realize her childhood dream.

2. Which of the following is the writer?s dream? A. Live a free and happy life. B. Live in nature with animals. C. Get close to wildlife. D. Become a successful painter. 3. We can infer from the passage that _____. A. the writer wasn?t sure whether she could survive in Hawaii at first B. the writer?s parents encouraged her to divorce C. the writer?s husband took away most of her money D. the writer had never done painting before B New technology comes to the aid of the disabled in many forms that will knock your socks off! A mobility robot is a robot that is designed to help disabled people move around.It might have wheels, but most often it will have legs so it can climb stairs and uneven ground.It might also take the form of a mobility suit, which is a kind of robot that surrounds your body, arms and legs.Here are some examples. Toyota Partner Robot This mobility robot can not only transport you around, you can also make it follow you around and use it transport all the things you have bought when you are shopping.Even though it has wheels, it can still climb stairs since each wheel can move independently up and down. Twenty One The other amazing mobility robots in the top 10 can only help you move around.Twenty One is different.It can help you move around and help you do almost all your household chores.Thanks to Twenty One's ability to understand human instructions, it can help you toast bread, prepare your dinner and find all kinds of stuff for you. EL-E Fetch Bot The EL-E might not be a true mobility robot.It can not help you move around, but it can fetch things for you so you don't need to move anyway.All you need to do is to point a laser pointer at something and EL-E will race to get it for you.You can also point at another location to make EL-E move the item instead of giving it to you. Bonus BEAR Disabled people aren't the only ones who need to be transported around. Wounded soldiers might also need a lift back to the base, so say hello to BEAR Battlefield Extraction-Assist Robot.The BEAR'S two legs are designed so they can go anywhere a human can and two arms can lift more than 250 pounds enough to carry a wounded soldier. 4.Toyota Partner Robot with wheels can climb, that's because____ A.it can understand human instructions.

B.its wheels can move up and down independently. C.it is one of the top ten mobility robots. D.it is designed to have two long arms and legs. 5.What Twenty One is different from the other robots is ___. A.to move around B.to fetch something C.to climb stairs D.to do housework 6.What does the underlined part “knock your socks off” means in Paragraph 1? A.Influence you a lot. B.Accompany you everywhere. C.Protect you in many ways. D.Surprise you greatly. C Homeownership has let us down. for generations, Americans believed that owning a home was undoubtedly good. Our political leaders hammered home the point. Franklin Roosevelt held that a country of homeowners was “unconquerable.” Homeownership could even save babies, save children, save families and save America. A house with a lawn and a fence wasn?t just a nice place to live in or a risk-free investment; it was a way to transform a nation. No wonder leaders of all political types wanted to spend more than $100 billion a year on subsidies and tax breaks to encourage people to buy. But the dark side of homeownership is now all too apparent: Indeed, easy lending stimulated by the cult of homeownership may have triggered the financial crisis. Housing remains a drag on the economy. Existing-home sales in April dropped 27% from the prior month, worsening fears of a double-dip. And all that is just the obvious tale of a housing bubble and what happened when it popped. The real story is deeper and darker still. For the better part of a century, politics, industry and culture lined up to create a fetish of the idea of buying a house. Homeownership has done plenty of good over the decades; it has provided stability to tens of millions of families. Yet by idealizing the act of buying a home, we have ignored the downsides. In the bubble years, lending standards slipped dramatically, allowing many Americans to put far too much of their income into paying for their housing. And we ignored longer-term phenomena too. Homeownership contributed to the hollowing out of cities and kept renters out of the best neighborhoods. It fed America?s overuse of energy and oil. It made it more difficult for those who had lost a job to find another. Perhaps worst of all, it helped us become casually self-deceiving: By telling ourselves that homeownership was a pathway to wealth and stable communities and better test scores, we avoided dealing with these frightening issues head-on. Now, as the U.S. recovers from the biggest housing bust (破产) since the Great Depression, it is time to rethink how realistic our expectations of homeownership are—and how much money we want to spend chasing them. Many argue that homeownership should not be a goal pursued at all costs. 7. Political leaders wanted to spend money encouraging people to buy houses because________. A. owning a home was undoubtedly good B. homeownership was unconquerable C. houses could save families and America D. homeownership could shape a country 8. The underlined sentence in Para. 2 means ______. A. homeownership has quite a lot of bad effects

B. there might be another housing breakdown in the U.S. C. the existing-home sales will keep decreasing in the U.S. D. the result of homeownership is much worse than it appears 9. It can be inferred from Para. 3 that ______. A. it is hard for Americans to get a home loan B. it is the way to wealth to have one?s own house C. many Americans choose to live out of urban areas D. homeownership has made many people out of work 10. What is the author?s attitude towards homeownership? A. Favorable. B. Ambiguous. C. Cautious.

D. Optimistic.

D
If cars had wings , they could fly and that just might happen, beginning in 2012.The company Terrafugia, based in Woburn, Massachusetts, says it plans to deliver its carplane, the Transition, to customers by the end of 2012. “It?s the next ?wow? vehicle,”said Terrafugia vice president Richard Gersh. “Anybody can buy a Ferrari, but as we say, Ferraris don?t fly.” The car plane has wings that unfold for flying—a process the company says takes one minute—and fold back up for driving. A runway is still required to take off and land. The Transition is being marketed more as a plane that drives than a car that flies, although it is both. The company has been working with FAA to meet aircraft regulations, and with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to meet vehicle safety regulations. The company is aiming to sell the Transition to private pilots as a more convenient and cheaper way to fly. They say it saves you the trouble of trying to find another mode of transportation to get to and from airports: You drive the car to the airport and then you?re good to go. When you land, you fold up the wings and hit the road. There are no expensive parking fees because you don?t have to store it at an airport—you park it in the garage at home. The carplane is designed to fly primarily under 10,000 feet. It has a maximum takeoff weight of 1,430 pounds, including fuel and passengers. Terrafugia says the Transition reduces the potential for an accident by allowing pilots to drive under bad weather instead of flying into marginal(临界)conditions. The Transition?s price tag: $194,000. But there may be additional charges for options like a radio, transponder or GPS. Another option is a fullplane parachute. “If you get into a very awful situation, it is the necessary safety option,” Gersh said. So far, the company has more than 70 orders with deposits. “We?re working very closely with them, but there are still some remaining steps,” Brown said. 11.We can learn from the first paragraph that________. A.carplanes will be popular in 2012 B.people might drive a carplane in 2012 C.both Transition and Ferrari can take off and land D.Richard Gersh is the vice president of Massachusetts

12.It takes the carplane one minute to________. A.fold and unfold its wings B.unfold wings for flying C.land in the airport D.meet flying safety regulations 13.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A.The carplane needs a runway to take off and land. B.To meet aircraft regulations, the company has been working with FAA. C.The carplane may fly as high as normal planes. D.People can park the carplane in the garage at their home. 14.The underlined word “it” in the last but one paragraph refers to________. A.the radio B.the transponder C.the GPS D.the fullplane parachute 15.What?s the best title for the passage? A.Cars With Wings May Be Just Around The Corner B.Which To Choose: A Ferrari Or A CarPlane? C.A More Convenient And Cheaper Way To Fly D.Cars With Wings Can Fly As Fast As Plane E Why texting harms your IQ? The regular use of text messages and e-mails can lower the IQ more than twice as much as smoking marijuana (大麻). That is the statement of researchers who have found that tapping away on a mobile phone or computer keypad or checking for electronic messages temporarily knocks up to 10 points off the user?s IQ. This rate of decline in intelligence compares unfavorably with the four-point drop in IQ associated with smoking marijuana, according to British researchers, who have described the phenomenon of improved stupidity as “infomania”. The research conducted by Hewlett Packard, the technology company, has concluded that it is mainly a problem for adult workers, especially men. It is concluded that too much use of modern technology can damage a person?s mind. It can cause a constant distraction of “always on” technology when employees should be concentrating on what they are paid to do. Infomania means that they lose concentration as their minds remain fixed in an almost permanent state of readiness to react to technology instead of focusing on the task in hand. The report also added that, in a long term, the brain will be considerably shaped by what we do to it and by the experience of daily life. At a microcellular level, the complex networks of nerve cells that make up parts of the brain actually change in response to certain experiences. Too much use of modern technology can be damaging not only to a person?s mind, but to their social relationship. 1100 adults were interviewed during the research. More than 62 per cent of them admitted that they were addicted to checking their e-mails and text messages so often that they scrutinized work-related ones even when at home or on holiday. Half said that they always responded immediately to an email and will even interrupt a meeting to do so. It is concluded that infomania is increasing stress and anxiety and affecting one?s characteristics. Nine out of ten thought that colleagues who answered e-mails or messages during a face-to-face meeting were extremely rude. The effects on IQ were studied by Dr Glenn Wilson, a psychologist at University of London. “This is a very real and widespread phenomenon,” he said. “We have found that infomania will damage a worker?s performance by reducing their mental sharpness and changing their social life. Companies should encourage a more balanced and appropriate way of working.”

16. We can learn from the passage that “infomania” ______. A. has a positive influence on one?s IQ B. results in the change of part of the brain C. lies in the problem of lack of concentration D. is caused by too much use of modern technology 17. The research mentioned in the passage is most probably about ______. A. the important function of advanced technology B. the damage to one?s brain done by unhealthy habits C. the relevance between IQ and use of modern technology D. the relationship between intelligence and working effectiveness 18. The underlined word “scrutinized” probably means “______”. A. examined carefully B. copied patiently C. corrected quickly 19. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage? A. B. CP CP P1 Sp 1 P2 Sp 2 P1 Sp 1 Sp 2 P2

D. admitted freely

C

C

C.

CP

D. P1

CP P2

P1

P2

P3 Sp 1 Sp 2 Sp 1 Sp 2

C CP: Central Point P: Point Sp: Sub-point (次要点)

C C: Conclusion

F It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife. However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighborhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families that he is considered the rightful property of some one or other of their daughters.

"My dear Mr. Bennet," said his lady to him one day, "have you heard that Netherfield Park is let at last?" Mr. Bennet replied that he had not. "But it is," returned she, "for Mrs. Long has just been here, and she told me all about it." Mr. Bennet made no answer. "Do you not want to know who has taken it?" cried his wife impatiently. "You want to tell me, and I have no objection to hearing it." This was invitation enough. "Why, my dear, you must know, Mrs. Long says that Netherfield is taken by a young man of large fortune from the north of England; that he came down on Monday in a chaise to see the place, and was so much delighted with it, that he agreed with Mr. Morris immediately; that he is to take possession before Michaelmas, and some of his servants are to be in the house by the end of next week." "What is his name?" "Bingley." "Is he married or single?" "Oh! Single, my dear, to be sure! A single man of large fortune; four or five thousand a year. What a fine thing for our girls! " "How so? How can it affect them?" "My dear Mr. Bennet," replied his wife, "how can you be so tiresome! You must know that I am thinking of his marrying one of them." "Is that his design in settling here?" "Design! Nonsense, how can you talk so! But it is very likely that he may fall in love with one of them, and therefore you must visit him as soon as he comes." "I see no occasion for that. You and the girls may go, or you may send them by themselves, which perhaps will be still better, for as you are as handsome as any of them, Mr. Bingley may like you the best of the party." 20. The sentence "... a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife" means that A. a single man who is financially stable needs a wife. B. a single man without money needn't a wife. C. women want to get married to financial stable men. D. once man becomes rich, he must want to get a wife. 21. From the conversation between Mr. and Mrs. Bennet, we can conclude that Mrs. Bennet A. wanted to tell her husband something about their new neighbor. B. wanted to get acquainted with their new neighbor. C. wanted to persuade her husband to see the young man. D. asked for her husband's permission to visit the new neighbor. 22. At the end of the passage, Mr. Bennet sounded ______ toward his wife's proposal. A. hostile(敌意的,不友好的)B. indifferent C. delighted D. annoyed 23. What is the tone of the passage? A. Satirical(讽刺的) B. Humorous. C. Critical. D. Unclear.

Part Five: 任务型阅读
● 任务型阅读答题技巧:

一、看图表(Read) :利用图表结构和内容帮助理解短文,把握短文的主题思想和理清短文的主体 结构。 二、读文章(Scan)& 找细节(Find) :通读、细读和复读文章,分析、理顺表格线索,寻找确定 答案的关键词语。 三、填单词(Fill) :书写工整、语言规范,注意同一级栏目下词形的一致性以及字母的大小写等。 掌握常用的概括性的词汇(部分) :definition, introduction , theme , conclusion , evaluation , comparison , reason, cause , result, effect, consequence , advice, suggestion, tip, measure, solution, way (to do//of doing),approach (to sth. 或 doing) , feature, characteristic , benefit, advantage, disadvantage , differences, similarities , types, kinds, purpose ,aim , etc. 注意表达的切换及词汇的变形,如: belong to the club—a member / one of the members of the club; object to----was opposed to---oppose—in opposition to; can?t be accepted---is unacceptable; miss our homeland and family---homesick; be addicted to---be hooked on; didn?t respond to….=made no response to =said nothing in response to….; accompany sb.=keep sb. company; accuse …of…=charge …with….. can?t (help/ choose) but do=have no alternative / choice but to do… apply to..=make an application to…; an approach to doing..= a way to do / of doing approve of= subscribe to=in favor of= support be beneficial to=be of benefit to = benefit….; be determined to do= be bent on doing…. go aboard..= go on board..= board….; be bored with=be tired of=be fed up with do sth. with caution = do sth. cautiously; do sth. with enthusiasm=do sth. enthusiastically It?s likely that=The chance is that / Chances are that=There is a chance (are chances ) that…=There?s possibility /probability that… compared to / with=in comparison with…; compensate for=make up for congratulate sb. on sth.= show / express congratulations to sb. on sth. as a result=in consequence; consist of=be made up of=be composed of agree with=correspond with/ to=be consistent with; deserve to be praised =deserve praising tell the difference between..and…=tell/distinguish.. from … = tell….apart .=make the distinction between..and… divorce sb.=got divorced from sb.; face sth=be faced with sth.. do good to=be good for.. ; be merciful to=have mercy on=show mercy to… have prejudice against=be prejudiced against ; like sth. better=prefer sth.=have a preference for… a little=slightly; thank sb. = be grateful to sb.; draw near=around the corner don?t know..=have no idea / knowledge of….; get on one?s knees=kneel down be discovered=come to light; occur to sb=strike sb.; get over difficulties=overcome difficulties participate in=join in = take part in; improve=polish up ; delay=put off =postpone; take pride in=be proud of ; deliberately=on purpose=by design; turn one?s dream into reality=realize one?s dream ; reflect on=think about; look like sb.=resemble sb.; be protected by=under the umbrella of… make a summary of..=summarize …; be superior to=be better than ; He died three years ahead of his wife.=He survived his wife by 3 years. one?s cup of tea=to one?s taste; tend to do=have a tendency to do….

be tired=be worn out; be worth doing =be worthy of being done / to be done= doing sth. is worthwhile 动词转化成名词,表示人的名词常加 er,有时加 or,如: survivor, creator, calculator investor, investigator, instructor, visitor, negotiator, inspector, educator, operator , communicator 等; 前缀: unequal / inequality; improper; inappropriate; insufficient; dishonest(y); uncomfortable; discomfort; un(dis)satisfied; dissatisfaction 等。

● 任务型阅读经典习题:
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据短文的内容要点完成文章后的表格。注意:补全填空应符合语 法和搭配要求,每空只填一个单词。 A When it comes to the world of computers, green computing is becoming one of the most popular trends. But, what is exactly green computing? The term “green computing” is one that is being used in many different markets and areas all over the world in today?s global technology. Yet, many computer users out there aren?t sure what it means. Green computing is actually pretty easy to explain and to do---it is basically learning to use computer resources more efficiently to help the environment as well as making energy savings. The main goal of a green computing program is to reduce the use of energy and materials that harm the environment. Green computing helps to promote the use of biodegradable products and recycle computer parts whenever possible. Green computing started as early as 1992, when the EPA created Energy Star, which is a voluntary labeling program that promotes energy-efficient computing equipment and technologies. It was because of this program that many computer manufacturers launched sleep mode and millions of computer users around the world began to adopt this policy to help save energy when they were not using their computers. The term “green computing” began to be used around the same time as well, and began to become a goal that more companies strive to meet over the years. There are several government agencies that have continued to help strive for better standards for computers and companies to help promote green promoting. Energy Star was actually revised in the October of 2006 to make the requirements stricter for computer, and also implemented a ranking system for products. Because of these new requirements, there are over 20 states that have now established a special recycling program for old computers and electronics to help with green computing. Many of today?s IT systems are beginning to rely on both people and hardware to help push their computer systems toward a more green computing system to help both the company and others. This is a hard balance to achieve, as it has to satisfy users, management, and regulatory compliance(顺从). Even the disposal of computer waste is all managed so that everyone in the circle is happy with the outcome. Many companies are learning the best ways that they can go greener when it comes to their computing and also help their business in the process. While many home computer users may not be quite as familiar with green computing as large firms, this term is starting to become more mainstream all around the world and the requirements for new, better computers to help both the companies and the end users of the equipment, as well as our environment, are becoming more and more urgent.

Green computing ___1______ Main goal Learning to make __2__use of computer resources so as to save energy and protect the environment. To reduce the use of energy and materials that are environment. _3__ to the

__4__

●In 1992 the EPA created Energy Star program, _5__ energy efficient computing equipment and technologies. ●Then many computer manufacturers launched sleep mode and many computer users __6__the policy to save energy. ●The requirements for computers were _7__ stricter after Energy Star was raised in Oct.2006 and also a ranking system for products was implemented . ●At _8__ , over 20 states have established a special recycling program for old computers and electronics. ●Green computing requires the __9_ of users, management, and regulatory compliance. ●Green computing is becoming more mainstream ___10__. ●New, better computers will help both companies and users, and protect the environment.

Present situation

B Some people believe that greed and selfishness has become the basis of modern society, and we should return to the old traditions of family and community, then we will have a better life. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above opinion? In this fast-paced world, many values are undergoing major changes. While people traditionally prioritize caring, sharing and generosity in life and work, modern people seem to be more self-absorbed and self-concerned. Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life. They say that it is a jungle out there. To survive, you have to fight with whatever means that come handy. Obviously greed and selfishness go perfectly well with such ideas. In a company, employees do everything they can to get better pay and higher position, even at the cost of colleagues. We are in any way advocating any selfish conduct. It is just that people are pressured to act in a certain way due to outside influences. In spite of common practice, it is hard to conclude that modern society is built on greed and selfishness, both of which are not newly invented vocabulary. In ancient times people also did greedy and selfish things though such behaviors were more condemned then. But we can not ignore the fact that people in the past lived a relatively more isolated life and faced less pressure compared with their modern counterparts. Are we happier to share with others and be generous to them? There is no fixed answer, either. Some people take great pleasure helping and giving to others while others feel happy doing the opposite. But I personally think that people should not be too selfish. Caring for others can actually encourage the development of a mutually beneficial relationship.

In conclusion, modern people appear to be more self-centered than those in the past due to strong outside pressure. However, we should encourage people to know the importance of being caring and generous and to build a mutually beneficial relationship with others.

Are Modern People Becoming More Selfish? Main comparisons Contexts In the past people put caring, sharing and generosity in the first ____2____. Nowadays, people seem ____3____about themselves. to be more

__1__ are changing

___4___are changing too.

People in the past appeared to be modest and self-effacing(谦让的). People may strive to achieve their own __5___ at the price of their coworkers. The author’s understanding Fierce __7___ and great __8___on modern people may be responsible for the changes. A relationship which can ___10___ two sides should be established.

___6____ for the changes in author’s eyes

The author’s ___9____towards topic

C Your boss tells you that you did a bad job. Your coworker criticizes you in front of your whole team. Ouch! It's not easy to take criticism, no matter who it comes from. But, it is easy to soften the blow when you offer criticism to someone in English. Merely by altering your wording and your attitude, you can help someone grow as opposed to making them feel defeated. Phrases like "You're wrong!" and "Your presentation was terrible!" have no place in effective criticism. In fact, it's best to leave the word "you" out, if at all possible. Personal attacks make people feel defensive, and then they won't really listen to anything you have to say. Before starting with the criticism, warm the person up with compliments( 恭维 ). If you are discussing their work, find several things you truly like about what they have done. For example, "I enjoyed your presentation today. You presented a lot of good and helpful information in it, and I can tell you put a lot of effort into it. I appreciate your hard work." This will lower their defenses and make them feel appreciated. However, a short, vague compliment followed by “but” such as "It was a helpful talk, but you really need to improve your presentation skills" won?t do much to help the process. After you've shared your compliments, allow them time to be absorbed. Immediately following your compliment with a "but" will destroy all you've tried to accomplish by making your praise seem false and insincere. Remember that the goal of constructive criticism isn't to make the person feel terrible; it's to help them grow. Instead of directly accusing the person, try to get the message through to them in the form of

light-hearted advice. Phrases like, "Next time you might want to ? or "I find it helpful to ? can take away the blame while still leaving an impact: "Next time you might want to give a little more attention to the audience. I find it helpful to look people in the eyes while I am speaking." People can't change overnight, especially if they don't get detailed direction. Simply saying "you need to work on your presentation skills" won't help a soul! Be detailed in your advice, and don't overload anyone with criticism. Remember, you want them to keep trying and improving. Don't leave them feeling defeated! Title :How to give __1___without offending anyone in English Goal Tips ____3___directly accusing the person. Soften compliments with Help the person ___2__ Dos Leave the word "you" out, if at all possible. Warm the person up with compliments before starting with the criticism. Give the person some time to __5_____ your compliments after you've shared them. Try to ___7__the message to the person in the form of light-hearted advice rather than ____8__accusations. Be detailed in your advice, and don't heavily __9____anyone. Results The person will listen to whatever you have to say. The person?s defenses will be lowered and he will feel appreciated. It will make your praise __6____and sincere It will take away the blame while still leaving an impact.

Don't___4__with "but" immediately. Advise with advice.

Stay specific.

It will make him keep trying and improving with ____10___.

Part Six: 书面表达部分
● 答题应试技巧: 牢记“一式、两头、三写、四关”的应试要诀。一式,是关注文章体裁,写对格式;两头,即写好 文章的开头和结尾;三写,是大小写、拼写和书写无误;四关,也就是过好内容要点关、行文逻 辑关、语法规则关和习惯表达关。具体如下: 1. 注重审题,对写的内容做到心中有数。首先,应通过审题明确文章的体裁。其次,应注重时态 及语态,认真琢磨其内容的英语表达方式,避免汉式英语。最后着手写时要注意分段。 2. 内容要点是否齐全;句子语法(包括:时态、语态、用词、句法和结构格式等)是否正确;词 汇是否准确多样;句式结构是否丰富多彩;逻辑关系词使用是否到位;是否合理使用连接词和 过渡性词语;标点符号、英语字母大小写是否规范。 3. 在表达清晰明了的前提下适当使用有把握的复杂结构和高级词汇。 4. 注重英语习惯,使所写句子准确地道,注意表达时的切换,避免汉式英语。 5. 注重开头和结尾的技巧。 6. 新标准对写作的要求增加了情感因素,所以发挥自己的观点时注重思想性,力图提高文章思想

内涵。 7. 注重书写,追求卷面美观。书面表达属于主观性试题,阅卷老师的主观印象直接关系到考生的 得分高低。 8. 通读全文,检查疏漏。 忌: 书写潦草、 单词模糊不清、 左右明显不齐、 随意涂改、 缺乏分段、 字数太多或太少 (应在 130-170 间) ●写作典型习题:

A
请根据对某校这段时间学生中拥有 QQ 号人数的调查写一篇文章,要求描述变化、分析原因 并谈谈看法。 2008 20% 2009 40% 2010 50% 2011 60%

B 近些年, 由于各种原因, 对父母的孝顺之心, 感恩之心, 在许多青年学生心中已经大大折扣, 甚至越来越淡漠. 根据这种现象, 谈谈你的看法. 注意: 孝心 filial piety 打折扣 discount C 近日某网站对人们外出旅游的频率和目的进行了一次问卷调查,结果见下图。请根据图表提 供的信息用英语写一篇短文,介绍此次调查结果,并谈谈你自己外出旅游的目的。词数 150 左右。 文章的开头已经给出。

旅游频率
48%
很少旅游 21%

旅游目的
50%
经常旅游 33%

40% 30% 20% 20%

26%

有时旅游 46%

10% 0% 观赏风景 游览名胜 了解民俗

6%

外出购物

表1

表2

One possible version Recently an online survey on traveling has been conducted. ______________________________________________________________________________ D 请根据下面提供的漫画所反应的现象和问题, 写一篇题为 “Exam is coming”的短文, 你的短 文应该包含: 1. 漫画描述和反映的问题及原因是什么? 2. 请联系实际,就我们应该怎样正确面对这样的

问题发表自己的看法。 要求:1. 参照图及所给提示,作必要的发挥想象。 2. 词数 150 左右。作文中不得提及考生所 在学校和本人姓名。 3. 参考词汇:失眠 insomnia E 假如你校最近就家长应该如何对待孩子的问题进行了调查,结果如下。请根据图表 1 中提供 的信息描述调查结果,并针对图表 2 的其中一个数据所反映的情况写出你的看法。 词数 150 左右。开头已经写好,不计入总词数。

Recently our school has conducted a survey among the students about how parents treat their children. F 近期某网站就校车安全问题进行了一次社会调查,结果见下图。请根据图示用英语写一篇短 文,介绍调查结果并谈谈你的看法,供有关部门参考。 注意:150 词左右;文章的开头已给出;提示词:报废车 abandoned vehicles

Recently a survey on school buses has been conducted on a website. The result is as follows.

解析: 单项选择解析: 1. B. 第一个空格是特指,指说话双方心中都明白的那个学校。后一空是泛指,意为“一个与北京师 范大学附中一样好的一所中学。” anybody can see 在本句中是个插入语。 2. D. “我记得---”用一般现在时。“当我进来的时候电话铃正在响(我去接电话)”,所以用过去进

行时。 3. D. get over 在此题中的含义为:从(疾病、惊恐、损害等中)恢复过来。 4. D.本题考查从语境中判断时态。 “by the time you return” 中体现的是将来时。在以 by “到---时 候为止”作时间状语时, 主句的时态往往是完成时。 5. D. 本题考查连词的选用。前一空缺了一个名词性成分,故用 what,相当于 the things that---;后一 空根据题意不缺名词性成分,故用 how.本题意为:生活是由两部分组成的,百分之十是所发生的 事情,百分之九十是你对所发生之事的态度。 6. C. he has had repaired 是 the TV set 的定语从句。have the TV set repaired 是本题的关键,“请人 修的”。本题意为:我已让人修理的那台电视机现在运作很好。 7. D。“deal”在本题中意为“买卖,交易” 8.C. 本题可还原为:Rumous on micro blog, or Weibo, are difficult to prevent.(不是 to be prevented) . 本题的另一个知识点是:as 的倒装结构,表示“尽管---” 9. D.本题中 is working 是目前这个阶段正在某地工作。 since he is on leave 意为:因为他在休假。 10. B. 从本题的题干上可以判断本题应用分词的独立主格结构。 11. D 本题中的 context 是先行词,意为“背景,环境”而不是“上下文”。 12. B. (sth.) come about(某事)发生,形成,it 为形式主语,that 引导主语从句。 13. D. 根据本句句法结构,前面的空格应为一个主句(这里 Get to the top..为祈使句) ,而不能是从 句或分词短语,因为 where you see the whole city 是个从句。 14. D.通过 otherwise 可知这里为对现在情况假设的虚拟语气。 15. C. 本题中的 come on 为语气词,“得了吧,别装了” 16. B. 第一个空格是特指,因后面有 these years 加以限制。后面是泛指,“一个---样的英国” 17. C。 opposed to the new policy 是定语,相当于 who is opposed to the new policy. 18.D. 本题考查的是代名词的用法。 that of the developed countries 意为: the average family income of the developed countries. 19. C. in terms of 意为:从---方面(来讲) 20. D. 本题中先行词为 the people;in whose village she taught 10 years ago 是定语从句。 21.D. 本题考查 would rather 后接从句时虚拟语气的语法规则 :与过去事情有关的用 had done; 与 现在或将来事情有关的,用 did. 22.B. leave out 意为“遗漏” 23.B. 本题中 message 为先行词,后面是定语从句。where 相当于 in which. 24. C. 注意本句的语序。可调整为“The arrival of 2012 brings the London Olympics with it. it 指 the arrival of 2012. 25. B. 根据题干中 “I say she--- with no excuse” 可判断出这是说话者的一种命令、威胁的口气。 26.C. 本题考查 if only 后虚拟语气的用法。与现在事实相反,动词用 did;与过去事实相反,动词用 had done; 与将来可能性相反, 动词用 would/could/might do. 注意 if only 引导的句子和 if 条件 句中与将来可能性相反的不同表达: if 条件句中如与将来可能性相反可用: did/were to do/ should do. 27. C. after 后应接宾语从句。seem 前缺主语,故用 what 。 28.B. be committed to (doing) sth 是固定短语,意为“投身于、致力于”; 这类由 be 动词+过去分词 构成的短语,在句中充当状语时往往取用其中的过去分词形式表示状态。 又如: Dressed in white, she looked like an angel. Lost in the book, she didn?t notice me come in. 29. C. 英语中有一类动词后面接副词用来表示主语的特性时,往往用主动表示被动。 又如: The pen writes smoothly./ His books sold well.

30. D. where 引导地点状语从句。 完型解析: A: 1-20 CDCBA BCCDA DBACB CBDAC 1.C. 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知,在墙上有一个告示。card 卡片;post 杆子;帖子;sign 牌 子,迹象;1etter 信。 2. D。考查上下文的联系。根据后面的提示可知用 limit。语境:限制你的发展。 3.C 考查 pass 构成的词组的用法。解题关键:掌握短语 pass away 意为:去世。 4.B 考查语境。根据后文的“in the gym”可知用 gym。 5.A 考查形容词的用法。根据语境“一位同事死了,大家都感到难过。”故选 A。 6.B 考查连词。根据语境,然而由于好奇大家都想知道死的这个人是谁。故选 B。 7.C 考查形容词的用法。大家都好奇地想知道:是谁限制了--8.C 考查名词词义辨析。根据后文可知用 excitement。 9.D 考查动词词语辨析。根据语境,保安被命令将人们控制在房间里。 10.A 考查动词词义辨析。人们激动的心情不断加剧。 11.D 考查连接词的用法。人们想知道这个人究竟是谁 ? 12.B 考查动词词义辨析。当人们向棺材里看的时候,人们变得无话可说。 13.A 考查副词的用法。人们突然变得哑口无言了。 14.C 考查名词的用法。此处:人们站在棺材旁边感到震惊且沉默不语,似乎触动了人们的 心灵深处。 15.B 考查动词词义辨析。触动了内心深处的东西. 16.C 考查名词词义辨析。根据后文可知,在棺材里有一面镜子。 17.B 考查动词词义辨析。镜子旁边的标示写着:只有一个人能限制你的发展,就是你自己。 18.D 考查形容词的用法及固定搭配。此处 be able to 意为:能。 19.A 考查语境。是“你”限制了自身的发展。 20.C 考查名词词义辨析。不要害怕改变。 B 1-20 CBCDA ACBAC ABABA CDDAC 1. collect food 储备食物 2. copy / follow a good example 向榜样学习 3. 条件好时不工作,以后当然会受苦(suffer). 4. 以后想工作也不行了(unable). 5. As a result, 这儿表结果。 6. 飞蛾扑火,被 destroy. 7. 点起火堆,驱逐蚊虫,以求 protect oneself. 8. in large numbers, 这儿表大量地飞来。 9. 被光亮漂亮的东西吸引(bright / beautiful). 10. 蝴蝶因美(beauty)受人喜爱。 11. fly about 四处飞来飞去。 12. 由前半句可知,蝴蝶过的是享乐(pleasure)的生活。 13. but 表转折,蝴蝶没有真正的价值(use)。 14. 由前后句可知是并列的关系。

15. though 表转折,locust 和其他昆虫不同。 16. 由后半句可知修饰性副词应为贬意(unfortunately)。 17. 宾语从句少主语。 18. 句子意思表示用光却不生产(produce)。 19. 这段讲的是 locust. 20. 警告(warn)我们别向它们学习。 阅读解析: 1. C 第二段倒数第三行 I used every penny I had to buy five plane tickets from Missouri to Hawaii. Everyone said I was crazy to think I could just run off to an island and survive.可知她是 去 Hawaii 谋 生。 2.A 由最后一段最后两句 The dream I had more than 40 years ago is now a reality. I?m living freely and happily ever after.可知她的梦想。 3. A 由文章第二段中 I used every penny I had to buy five plane tickets from Missouri to Hawaii. Everyone said I was crazy to think I could just run off to an island and survive. I was afraid they were right.尤其是这里的最后一句可知作者一开始自己也不太确信是否能生存下来。 4.B 由对 Toyota Partner Robot 的介绍 Even though it has wheels, it can still climb stairs since each wheel can move independently up and down.可知。 5. D 由这一段中 It can help you move around and help you do almost all your household chores 这句话 可知。 6.D 本题为猜测句子意思。文章开头就告知新技术推出几种帮助残疾人的移动机器人会让你大吃 一惊。其它选项均不合意思。 7. D 从 文 章 第 一 段 第 三 行 开 始 Franklin Roosevelt held that a country of homeowners was “unconquerable.” Homeownership could even save babies, save children, save families and save America. A house with a lawn and a fence wasn?t just a nice place to live in or a risk-free investment; it was a way to transform a nation.可知,这里的 transform 相当于 shape. 而 A 中的观点应是 Americans 的观点, B 中主语应为 a country of homeowners 而非 Political leaders, C 中的主语应为 homeownership 而非 political leaders. 8. D 本题为猜测句子意思。由第二段的主题句 But the dark side of homeownership is now all too apparent 可知这段都是在讲 homeownership 不好的一面,所以最后一句 The real story is deeper and darker still.表明实际情况比前面讲到的要糟糕得多。 9. C 本题为推理题。 由第三段第六行 Homeownership contributed to the hollowing out of cities and kept renters out of the best neighborhoods. It fed America?s overuse of energy and oil.可知 “大家都买 房子导致都搬离了城市 (去郊区买房) , 过度地消耗了能源和燃油”, 可知人们都 选择 live out of the urban areas. 10. C 本题为作者观点态度题。最后一段是作者的看法,由第二行最后 it is time to rethink how realistic our expectations of homeownership are—and how much money we want to spend chasing them. Many argue that homeownership should not be a goal pursued at all costs.可知他很谨慎小心。 11.B 细节理解题。根据第一段 The company Terrafugia, based in Woburn, Massachusetts, says it plans to deliver its carplane, the Transition, to customers by the end of 2012.可知选 B。 12. B 细节理解题。 根据第三段 The car plane has wings that unfold for flying—a process the company says takes one minute—and fold back up for driving.可判断选 B。

13.C 细节理解题。C 项不符合 The carplane is designed to fly primarily under 10,000 feet. It has a maximum takeoff weight of 1,430 pounds, including fuel and passengers.可判断选 C。 14.D 词义猜测题。根据 Another option is a fullplane parachute.和“If you get into a very awful situation, it is the necessary safety option,” Gersh said.的过渡关系,再结合句中的“a very awful situation”可推断 it 应指降落伞,故选 D。 15.A 主旨大意题。综合全文可知,全文主要介绍 2012 年末即将上市的汽车飞机的性能、特点 与价格等,由此判断选 A。 16. D 细节判断题 根据第一段第三句可以判断选项 A 错误。根据第二段第一句,可以判断 B 错误,D 正确。 根据第二段第三句,可以看出选项 C 与原文表述不符。 17. C 细节判断题根据第一段可以判断。 18. A 词义猜测题 根据第三段第三句可知,超过 62%的人对检查电子邮件和短信是如此地着迷,以至于不上班在家 或度假时也会认真地检查和工作有关的电子邮件和短信。 19. B 文章脉络题。第一段是主题段,提出“频繁使用电子邮件和短信影响智商”的中心论点。 第二段、第三段是 supporting paragraph。 第二段的主题句是 It is concluded that too much use of modern technology can damage a person?s mind. 第二段中有两个次要点: (1) It can cause a constant distraction of “always on” technology when employees should be concentrating on what they are paid to do. (2) The report also added that, in a long term, the brain will be considerably shaped by what we do to it and by the experience of daily life. 通过这两个次要点来说明本段的主题。第三段的主题句 是 Too much use of modern technology can be damaging not only to a person?s mind, but to their social relationship.第二段和第三段是两个并列的论据,用于说明中心论点。第四段是结论。 20. A 句意理解题。文章首句提到,一个有钱的单身汉,总需要一位妻子。 21.C 细节判断题。文中 Mrs. Bennet 与 Mr. Bennet 谈话目的就是希望丈夫能去拜访新的邻居从而 为她的某个女儿创造机会。 22. B 观点态度题。根据文章最后一段可知,Mr. Bennet 对太太的提议无动于衷并打趣说让她自己 带着女儿去,或许 Mr. Bingley 在她们几个中最喜欢她。 23. A 全文基调问题。本文的作者用讽刺的语言,向我们描绘了一幅母亲试图为自己女儿创造一段 姻缘的场景。 任务型阅读解析: A: 1. Definition 第二段段意归纳 2. better 第二段第四行 use …. more efficiently 3. harmful 第二段第六行 harm =be harmful to 4. Development/History 第三、四段段意归纳 5. promoting 第三段第二行.. that promotes…..定语从句转化成分词短语 6. adopted 第四段第二行……began to adopt 7. made 第四段倒数第四行 to make the requirements stricter 8. present 第四段倒数第二行 now 9. satisfaction 第五段第三行 as it has to satisfy users…… 10. globally/worldwide 第五段倒数第三行 become more mainstream all around the world

B 1.Values 第二段第一行 many values are undergoing major changes 2. place 第二段第一行 While people traditionally prioritize (重点考虑, 给…优先权) caring, sharing and generosity in life and work 3. concerned 第二段第三行 more self-absorbed and self-concerned. 4. Behaviors 第三段第一行 Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life 5. goals 第三段第第三行 In a company, employees do everything they can to get better pay and higher position, even at the cost of colleagues. 6. Reasons 第四段第三行 But we can not ignore the fact that people in the past lived a relatively more isolated life and faced less pressure compared with their modern counterparts.这句话讲了 现代人变得贪心自私的原因 7. competition 第三段第一行 Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life 8. pressure 第四段第四行 faced less pressure 和第六段第二行 strong outside pressure 9. attitudes 第五段 I personally think 和第六段 In conclusion 10. benefit 第五段第四行 encourage the development of a mutually beneficial relationship 第六段最 后一行 to build a mutually beneficial relationship with others. C: 1. criticism 第一节第三行 offer criticism = give criticism。此题容易,能在文章中找到。 2. grow 第一节最后一行。此题容易,能在文章中找到。 3. Avoid 由第二节第一行…have no place in….可知用 avoid,应避免这样做。 此题根据意思去转 换表达,较难。 4. continue / follow 第四节第一行可知。此题要进行主被动转换。 5. absorb 第四节第三行(要改变语态) 。此题要进行语态转换。 6. true 第四节最后一行 false and insincere 的相反为 true and sincere。 此题为反义词转换表达。 7. convey 第五节第二行 get the message through to them=convey the message to them。此题为同 义词(语)转换表达。 8. direct 第五节第二行 instead of directly accusing the person 可知。此题为词性转换。 9. criticize 最 后 一 节 倒 数 第 二 行 don?t overload anyone with criticism =don?t heavily criticize anyone 此题较难,要根据意思去转换表达。 10. confidence 文章最后 Remember, you want them to keep trying and improving. Don?t leave them feeling defeated 可知“应让他们充满信心地不断地努力并提高。此题较难,根据隐含的意思去 把握。

书面表达 Possible versions: A. With the development of the Internet, nowadays many students own QQs. As is shown in the chart, the rate of students who owned QQs increased greatly from 2008 to 2011. Back in 2008, only 20% of the students had QQs; one year later, the rate became twice as large. In 2010 half of them had QQs and the rate in 2011 rose to 60%. Clearly, it is tending to increase. In my opinion, the increase can be accounted for two factors. For one thing, the widespread use of

the Internet makes it convenient for students to communicate with each other. For another, QQ provides all kinds of entertainments, such as playing games and enjoying music. What's more, QQ has gradually become the main means for the public to know the latest news. Personally, students should make proper use of and not be addicted to QQ, and only when we do so can it serve its purpose. (155 words) B In recent years, many young students have forgotten some Chinese traditional virtues. Worse still, in many students? minds, the idea of filial piety to their parents has been discounted and even lost. As far as I?m concerned, there are different reasons leading to young students lacking the sense of thanksgiving to their parents. Firstly, they are often self-centered, considering themselves to be number ones in the family, forgetting thanks. Secondly, they always take their parents? cultivation, teachers? teaching and social offering for granted. Thirdly, it is related to the education of our society, family and school, where education focuses only on knowledge teaching, forgetting all about traditional good virtues. Therefore, we should do something to change this phenomenon. We believe building harmonious school campus needs thanksgiving education. So schools should add virtue education to their routine while young students should learn to be respectful and grateful. It is essential in building a harmonious society and developing Chinese traditional goodness. (159 words) C Recently an online survey on traveling has been conducted. In the survey, people are asked about how often and why they travel, and the results are as follows. Chart 1 shows that 33% of the people often go traveling, the reason for which lies in the fact that they have enough time and money. Nearly half of the people do it now and then, while those who seldom go out to travel account for 21%. As is shown in Chart 2, people travel for different reasons. The largest percentage of people, about 48%, put enjoying beautiful natural scenery in the first place for their travel. Over a quarter of them enjoy learning about culture and customs and 20% prefer to visit places of interest. Also there are a small number of people who travel mainly for shopping As for me, traveling is not only a good way to relax and enjoy myself but also a chance to broaden my horizons. (151 words)

D Exam is coming As we can see in the picture, the boy is so worried about the coming exam that he feels dizzy, and even suffers from insomnia and mental illness. It?s a fairly common phenomenon among us students. With the college entrance examination approaching, many students are suffering from exam anxiety. Some of the students feel nervous because they are not well prepared for the exam. Some feel dizzy because they stay up too late. Others just pay too much attention to the results.

If you have these symptoms, it?s time for you to take effective measures to deal with them. Firstly, make good use of time to fully prepare your lessons. Secondly, there is no need to feel nervous when you have some bad feelings. Taking a deep breath may be helpful. Thirdly, have enough sleep before exams and you will perform well in exams. Lastly, have the right attitude to exams and keep a calm state of mind. I believe if you take these, success will be yours. (167 words) E Recently our school has conducted a survey among the students about how parents treat their children. According to Chart 1, three behaviors from parents are considered most welcome among the students 33.5% of the students feel happy that their parents trust them, laying a basic foundation for family communication. 31.7% are content to be in the equal position with their parents when they are talking with each other. Wheat?s more, 22.7% feel happy to receive constant praise or encouragement from their parents. As is shown in Chart 2.32% of the students think their parents expect too much of them, especially in their studies, putting great pressure on them. While all parents love their children and want the best for them, with too much pressure, however, some children will feel they have failed if they are not accepted at a top school or university. I think parents should have practical expectations for their children. This way, the children will feel more confident about themselves and really make a difference in the future. F Recently a survey on school buses has been conducted on a website. The result is as follows As can be seen from the charts, only 36.13% of the interviewees trust school buses, while 40.34% show their distrust. The rest of them are not clear about it. Of those who show their disbelief in school buses, 35.29% are afraid of abandoned vehicles being used and nearly a quarter worry that school buses are often overloaded, which can cause serious traffic accidents. Over one fifth of them worry that school buses are not equipped with safety equipment like safety belts. Others blame drivers for breaking the speed limit. As far as I?m concerned, effective measures should be taken to ensure the safety of school buses. More money should be invested to improve the quality of school buses. Besides, all the school buses should be examined regularly. Meanwhile, school bus drivers should take more responsibility for the safety of the students. (159 words)

高考三字经
考期近,更自信;状态好,是法宝。 文具笔,跟着腿;准考证,就是命。 进考场,不乱想;静静心,一会拼。 查试卷,填考号;心不慌,气不躁。

速浏览,心安然;沉住气,心要细。 先做易,后做难;先解简,后解繁。 题审清,不发蒙;书写工,阅卷松。 试题易,莫大意;我觉易,人皆易。 试题难,莫心烦;我觉难,他更难。 答题毕,查仔细;回头看,再完善。 铃声响,出考场;不议题,莫算账。 胜不骄,败不馁;忘成败,是大将。 饭吃好,觉睡香;待明日,打胜仗。


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