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大学英语 (B) 模拟试题一

大学英语 (B) 模拟试题一
第一部分:交际用语(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 此部分共有 10 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处 的最佳项,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母图黑。 1. - Thanks for helping me carry the case. - __________. A. My pleasure B. Never mind C. Quite right D. Don't thank me 答案: [ A ] 回答表示感谢的话是 “My pleasure.”。其他回答不符合西方习惯。 2. - Hi, Tom, how's everything with you? - ___________, and how are you? A. Don't mention it B. Hm, not too bad C. Thanks D. Pretty fast 答案:[ B ] 问话问对方近况如何,只有“not too bad”的答话符合逻辑。 3. - What a beautiful dress you have on! - _______________. A. No, it’s no good B. Sorry, it's too cheap C. Thank you D. Don’t say that 答案: [ C ] 别人赞扬时应表示感谢,而不是中国式的表示谦虚。 4. - Tomorrow is my birthday. - ______________. A. Oh, I have no idea. C. Many happy returns of the day! 答案: [ C ] 这是一句习惯的祝贺生日的用语。 5. - Hi, is Mary there, please? - _____________________. A. Hold on. I'll get her want? 答案: [ A ] 这是电话用语。Hold on 的意思是“不要挂”。 6. - Hurry up please, or I'll be late. - _______________________. A. Sorry sir, but the traffic is thick now C. How can you say that, sir? B. Well, it's alright, sir D. Oh, we are going the right way B. No, she isn't here C. Yes, she lives here D. Yes, what do you B. I'm glad you like it. D. You must be very happy.

答案: [ A ] 问者在催促快开车,回答说交通状况不好,看来是出租车司机在回答。 7. - It's rather cold in here. Do you mind if I close the window? - __________. A. Yes, please B. No, go ahead C. Sure, please D. I don't like it 答案: [ B ] 回答“Do you mind??”这种问句时,如果同意的话应回答“No”。 8. - Excuse me, but can you tell me the way to the airport? - ___________________________. A. Don't ask that fast 答案: [ B ] 对方问路,答话的意思是“我对此地也是陌生,无法指路”。 B. Sorry, I'm a stranger here C. No, I can't say that D. No, you're driving too

9. - Are you ready to order desert, please? - ___________________________. A. Yes, please B. Please don't order it C. No, don't mention it D. Yes, I'd like to have some chocolate cake 答案: [ D ] 问话是餐馆的套语“您点什么菜?” 10. -This box is too heavy for me to carry upstairs. - _______________. A. You may ask for help. B. Let me give you a hand. C. Please do me a favor. D. I'd come to help. 第二部分: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 此部分共有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 个问题。请从每个问题后的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。 Passage 1 When Mrs. Joseph Groeger died recently in Vienna, Austria, people asked the obvious, "Why did she live to be 107?" Answers were provided by a survey conducted among 148 Viennese men and women who had reached the age of 100. Somewhat surprising was the fact that the majority had lived most of their lives in cities. In spite of the city's image as an unhealthy place, city living often provides benefits that country living can lack. One factor seems to be important to the longevity (长寿) of those interviewed. This factor is exercise. In the cities it is often faster to walk short distances than to wait for a bus. Even taking public transportation often requires some walking. Smaller apartment houses have no elevators, and so people must climb stairs. City people can usually walk to local supermarkets. Since parking spaces are hard to find, there is often no alternative to walking. On the other hand, those who live in the country and suburbs do not have to walk every day. In fact, the opposite is often true. To go to school, work, or almost anywhere else, they must ride in cars. 译文: 在澳大利亚维也纳约瑟?乔治夫人去世时,人们问道:“她为什么可以活到 107 岁?”一项对维也纳 148 名已达 100 岁的男士 和女士的调查给出了明确的答案。有点奇怪的是他们中大部分生活在城市。尽管城市给人的印象是亚健康的地方,但是城市生 活可以提供乡村生活所缺乏的好的地方。有一个因素看起来对这些被采访对象的长寿很重要。 这个因素是锻炼。在城市,一段很短的距离走总是比等公车要快。用公共交通也总需要走一段。小的公寓楼没有电梯,所以人 们必须爬楼梯。城市的人通常走着去当地的超市,因为很难找到停车的地方,也没有任何可以替代走路的方法。 另一方面,住在乡村和郊外的人们不用每天都走路。实际上,恰恰相反,人们上学、上班,几乎去其他所有的地方都是开车。 11. The Vienna survey may help to explain _____. A. the complaints of people in apartment houses C. the longevity of people like Mrs. Groeger 答案:[C] 12. The purpose of the second paragraph is to list some _____. A. benefits of walking C. comments made by city people 答案:[ B ] 13. To reach the third floor of a building, it would probably be most healthful ___. A. to take the elevator B. to walk up the stairs B. occasions for walking in city life D. problems of city living B. the cause of Mrs. Groeger's death D. the image of cities in general

C. to ride in a car walking 答案:[ B ]

D. to find an alternative to

14. People living in the country probably do more driving than walking because ____. A. they don't live near business areas C. they never have parking problems 答案:[ A ] 15. A conclusion that can be drawn from this passage is that _____. A. air pollution is not serious C. country people should move to the city 答案:[ D ] Passage 2 For any Englishman, there can never be any discussion as to who is the world’s greatest dramatist (剧作家). Only one name can possibly suggest itself to him: that of William Shakespeare. Every Englishman has some knowledge, however slight, of the work of our greatest writer. All of us use words, phrases and quotations from Shakespeare's writings that have become part of the common property of the English-speaking people. Most of the time we are probably unaware of the source of the words we used, rather like the old lady who was taken to see a performance of Hamlet and complained that it was full of well-known proverbs and quotations. Shakespeare, more perhaps than any other writer, makes full use of the great resources of the English language. Most of us use about five thousand words in our normal use of English; Shakespeare in his works used about twenty-five thousand. There is probably no better way for a foreigner to appreciate the richness and variety of the English language than by studying the various ways in which Shakespeare used it. Such a study is well worth the effort (it is not, of course, recommended to beginners) even though some aspects of English usage, and the meaning of many words, have changed since Shakespeare’s day. 译文: 对于英国人来说,他们对谁是世界上最伟大的剧作家这个问题从来都不会有任何争论。只有一个名字能对上号,那就是威廉? 莎士比亚。 每个英国人或多或少对于我们这位最伟大的作家的作品都有些了解。 我们都用莎士比亚作品里的单词、 短语和引语。 这些都已经成为讲英语人语言的组成部分。大部分时候我们不知道我们所用词语的来源,就像一位看《哈姆莱特》的夫人抱怨 剧中尽是我们熟悉的谚语和引语。 莎士比亚大概比其他作家更充分地利用了英语语言的伟大资源。我们大部分人在我们正常使用英语时会用大约 5000 个词,而 莎士比亚用了大约 25000 个。 对于一个外国人来说, 大概没有比研究莎士比亚各种使用语言的方法有更好的办法来赏析英语语言的丰富和多样化。 即使英语 用法的某些方面和许多词义已经自莎士比亚时代以来发生了一些变化,这样的研究还是很值得努力的(当然不适合初学者)。 16. English people ______. A. have never discussed who is the world's greatest dramatist B. never discuss any issue concerning the world's greatest dramatist C. are sure who is the world's greatest dramatist D. do not care who is the world's greatest poet and dramatist 答案:[ C ] B. anyone can live to be 107 D. walking is a healthful exercise B. they don't need the exercise D. they can't afford to take the bus

17. Every Englishman knows ______. A. more or less about Shakespeare C. all Shakespeare's writings 答案:[ A ] 18. Which of the following is true? A. We use all the words, phrases and quotations from Shakespeare's writings. B. Shakespeare's writings have become the property of those who are learning to speak English. C. It is likely to be true that people often do not know the origins of the words they use. D. All the words people use are taken from the writings of Shakespeare. 答案:[ C ] 19. What does the word "proverb" mean? A. Familiar sayings. 答案:[ A ] 20. Why is it worthwhile to study the various ways in which Shakespeare used English? A. English words have changed a lot since Shakespeare's time. B. By doing so one can be fully aware of the richness of the English language. C. English words are now being used in the same way as in Shakespeare's time. D. Beginners may have difficulty learning some aspects of English usage. 答案:[ B ] Passage 3 Trees are useful to man in three very important ways: they provide him wood and other products; they give him shade; and they help to prevent drought (干旱) and floods. Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important. In his eagerness to draw quick profit from the trees, he has cut them down in large numbers. Two thousand years ago, a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire. It gained the empire but, without its trees, its soil became bare and poor. When the empire fell to pieces, the country found itself faced by floods and starvation. Even where a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult sometimes to make the people realize this. They cut down the trees but are too careless to plant and look after new trees. So, unless the government has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests slowly disappear. This does not only mean that there will be fewer trees. The results are even more serious: for where there are trees, their roots break the soil up, allowing the rain to sink in, and also bind the soil. This prevents the soil from being washed away. But where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away on the surface, and this causes floods and the rain carries away the rich topsoil in which crops grow. When all the topsoil is gone, nothing remains but worthless desert. 译文: 树在三方面对人有用:它们为人们提供了木材和其他产物;它们给人们提供树阴并帮助抵御干旱和洪水。 不幸的事,在世界上许多地方,人还没有意识到这第三个好处是最重要的。人们急于向树索取利益,于是就大量地砍伐。 两千年前,有一个富强的国家为了建造军舰而砍树欲使自己成为强大的帝国。它得到的是一个帝国,但没有树它的土壤变得贫 瘠。当这个帝国土崩瓦解的时候,这个国家发现它面临的是洪水和饥荒。 B. Shakespeare's plays. C. Complaints. D. Actors and actresses. B. Shakespeare, but only slightly D. only the name of the greatest English writer

既使一个国家的政府意识到树能大量提供的重要性,但有时却很难让它的人民意识到这点。人们残伐树木,却疏于种植与培育 幼苗。所以,如果政府没有一个很好的控制系统,并且教育人们,森林会慢慢消失。 这不仅仅意味着树会越来越少,结果是更加严重:对于有树的地方,树根使得土壤松软,雨水就可以下渗,也凝结了土壤。这 阻止了土壤的流失。但是对于没有树的地方,雨水降落在硬的土地上,从表层流走,这会造成洪水,雨水冲走了肥沃的表土, 而庄稼就是在这表土里生长。当所有的表土都被冲走,除了无价值的沙漠外什么都没有留下。 第三部分:词汇与结构 (共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 此部分共有 10 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处 的最佳项,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母图黑。 26. I don't know the park, but it's _______ to be quite beautiful. A. said B. told C. spoken D. talked 答案:[ A ] it is said 意思是“据说”。 27. When Lily came home at 5 p.m. yesterday, her mother ____ dinner in the kitchen. A. cooked B. was cooking C. cooks D. has cooked 答案:[ B ] 这是过去进行时的典型句式。 28. Two thousand dollars _______ enough for the purchase of the car, A. being B. were C. are D. is 答案:[ D ] 买车的费用是一个整体概念,所以 two thousand dollars 用单数表示。 29. The new order means _______ overtime. A. works B. worked C. to work D. working 答案:[ D ] mean 后面要用动词的 ing 形式。 30. The manager will not _______ us to use his car. A. have B. let C. agree D. allow 答案:[ D ] allow somebody to do something,其他动词的宾补则用不定式不带 to。 31. Did you notice the guy ______ hat looked like an umbrella? A. who B. which C. whose D. whom 答案:[ C ] hat 与 guy 是所属关系,所以选 whose。 32. My wallet is nowhere to be found. I _____ in the store this afternoon. A. must drop it it 答案:[ B ] 此句是一种推测, must have done 是推测句的句式。 33. It's time we _____ the meeting because everybody has arrived. A. will start B. shall start C. start D. started 答案:[ D ] it’s time ____后面用过去时,这是固定用法。 34. It is the best movie ______ I have ever seen. A. that B. who C. whom D. which 答案:[ A ] 这是强调句式,要用 that 引出定语从句。 35. It is said that _______ boys in your school like playing football in their spare time. A. quite a lot B. quite a few C. quite a bit D. quite a little 答案:[ B ] 只有 quite a few 能形容可数名词。 36. As the bus came round the corner, it ran ______ a big tree by the roadside. B. must have dropped it C. should have dropped it D. ought to have dropped

A. into

B. on

C. over

D. up

答案:[ A ] run into 是撞上什么的意思。 37. - When shall we meet again? - ________ it any day you like. It’s all the same to me. A. Do B. Get C. Meet D. Make 第四部分:完型填空 (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 以下短文中共包括 10 个未完成的句子,针对每个对话中空缺部分有有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空 白处的最佳项,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母图黑。 People are the only animals that cry. We cry for thousands of __46__ reasons. But crying is a __47__ . What are tears? How do they come? Why do they come? Modern science does not have all the __48__ to these questions. We know a few facts about tears. We know, for example, that all tears have some salt in them. We __49__ know that there are two different kinds of tears -- emotional tears and reflex tears. Emotional tears come __50__ feelings, happiness or sadness, for example. Reflex tears are the kind that come __51__ we get a piece of dirt in the eye, or when we peel an onion. William Frey, a scientist in Minnesota, is studying the chemistry of tears. His study shows that there is more protein in emotional tears than in reflex tears. __52__ nobody knows why there is this __53__ protein. And nobody knows where it comes from. Frey's study also shows that women cry more often than men. In __54__ , they cry four times as __55__ as men -- an average of 5.3 times per month. However, Frey's study does not tell us why women cry more. Is it because of biology? Or is it because it is okay for women (but not men) to cry? 46. A. many 47. A. mystery 48. A. solution 49. A. may 50. A. from 51. A. if 52. A. Therefore 53. A. extra 54. A. real 55. A. more 大学英语 (B) 模拟试题二 第一部分:交际用语(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 此部分共有 10 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处 的最佳项,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母图黑。 1. — What can I do for you? — ___________. A. One kilo of pork, please B. No, you don’t have to C. Thanks D. Excuse me. I'm busy 答案: [ A ] 问话是典型的商业服务用语,说明这是在商店,所以买东西是逻辑的回答。 2. — Excuse me, but can you tell me the way to the super market? __ ___________. A. Don't ask that B. Go straight and turn left on the first red light B. different B. secrete B. reply B. often B. through B. when B. Moreover B. more B. truth B. frequent C. While C. additional C. fact C. much C. a lot of C. problem C. answers C. also C. in C. while D. But D. much D. life D. often D. good D. question D. ideas D. probably D. with D. whenever

C. No, I can't say that 答案:[ B ] 问话是问路,所以回答是指路。 3. — Oh, sorry to bother you. __ ___________. A. That's Okay B. No, you can't

D. No, you're driving too fast

C. That's good

D. Oh, I don't know

答案: [ A ] 对方表示道歉,回答“无所谓”,表示接受。 4. — Please help yourself to the seafood. — ___________. A. No, I can't B. Sorry, I can't help C. Oh, I like the crabs D. Thank you for your help 答案:[ C ] help yourself to 是饭桌上让菜的用语。回答“喜欢螃蟹”符合逻辑。 5. — We’re having a party tonight. Would you like to join us? — ___________. A. I’m sorry B. Of course not C. No, I can't D. I’d love to, but I have an appointment 答案: [ D ] 拒绝邀请时先表示可以接受,然后讲明拒绝的理由。 6. — How was your trip to Australia? __ ___________. A. It was wonderful indeed B. I went there alone C. Very well D. Believe it or not 答案: [ A ] 回答整个旅行如何时用 it 表示这次旅行。 7. — David injured his leg playing football yesterday. — Really? ______? A. Who did that B. What's wrong with him C. How did that happen D. Why was that 答案: [ C ] 这一回答比较符合答话的逻辑。 8. — Good morning, Dr Johnson's office. Can I help you? — _______________________. A. Speaking, please B. I'd like to make an appointment, please C. Yes, go on D. No, you can't 答案:[ B ] 问话是接电话的用语,回答时要讲明为什么打电话来。 9. — Oh, I'm sorry. But I promise I'll be more careful next time. — _______________________. A. It's nothing B. Oh, never mind. It doesn't matter C. Thank you D. There are no questions 答案:[ B ] 回答对方的道歉,用“ never mind” 表示接受。 10. — Could I use your dictionary for a moment? — _______________________. A. It's well Passage 2 Paper is one of the most important products ever invented by man. Wide spread use of written language would not have been possible without some cheap and practical material to write on. The invention of paper meant that more people could be educated because more books could be printed and distributed. Together with the printing press, paper provided an extremely important way to communicate knowledge. How much paper do you use every year? Probably you cannot answer that question quickly. In 1900 the world's use B. It doesn't matter C. I have no idea D. By all means 答案:[D] by all means 的意思是 certainly“可以”。

of paper was about one kilogram for each person a year. Now some countries use as much as 50 kilograms of paper for each person a year. Countries like the United States, England and Sweden use more paper than other countries. Paper, like many other things that we use today, was first made in China. In Egypt and the West, paper was not very commonly used before the year 1400. The Egyptians wrote on a kind of material made of a water plant. Europeans used parchment for many hundreds of years. Parchment was very strong; it was made from the skin of certain young animals. We have learnt of the most important facts of European history from records that were kept on parchment. 译文: 纸张是人类最重要的发明。如果没有廉价实用的材料,书面语言就不可能广泛地使用。纸张的发明意味着更多的人可以接受教 育,因为可以印刷更多的书并得以传播。由于有出版部门,纸张提供了传播知识极为重要的手段。 每一年,你能用多少纸呢?可能你不能马上回答。1900 年世界使用纸张的用量为每人一公斤。现在,有些国家每年纸张的用 量为每人 50 公斤。美国、英国和瑞典的用纸量高于其他国家。像其他我们日常使用的东西一样纸首先在中国出现的。在埃及 和西方国家,1400 年以前纸张的使用还不普遍。埃及人在一种用水生植物制成的材料上。欧洲人几百年来都使用羊皮紙。羊 皮紙很耐用,是用小动物的皮制成的。我们所了解的很多史实都是记录在羊皮紙上的。

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