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听写1


Part 1 Spot Dictation
(每小题:1 分) Directions: In this section you will hear a passage or passages three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the information you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Questions 1 to 10 are based on the same passage or dialog. Everybody wastes time. Instead of doing his homework, the schoolboy watches television. (1) writing her

essay, a student goes out with her friends. All of them had good (2) , but they kept (3)

the moment when they must start work. As a result, they begin to feel (4) (5) , and then waste even more time they had not allowed themselves time for ? Why not

other things. But who is to (6) (7) someone decide for us?

When someone else is (8)

our time for us, as

for instance during lessons or working hours, we do not as a result work more (9) (10) , but at least we are the discipline of life. It is when we are

responsible for organizing our own time that the need for self-discipline arises.

Questions 11 to 20 are based on the same passage or dialog. "Move ahead or fall behind" is the American attitude that leads to researching, experimenting and exploring. Time is a real, precious resource to them so every minute must

(11)

.

City people are always hurrying to get (12) they are going, seeking attention and (13) meals. Smiles, brief conversations, (14) with

strangers, relaxed business chats over coffee or a welcoming cup of tea don't occur because people hate (15) (16) too much time. Americans others professionally rather than

socially, so they start talking business immediately since they are always (17) hard at (18) (19) of time. Because they work , they have meetings through like television screens and telephones

rather than personal contacts. In America, telephones save time and energy because telephone service is excellent (20) mail is less efficient. Usually, the more

important a job is, the more effort will be poured into it to "get it moving."

Questions 21 to 30 are based on the same passage or dialog. Americans value time and save it carefully. Time is a real, precious resource to them so every minute must (21) . Visitors may think Americans are . Smiles,

always in a rush and under (22)

short conversations, and small exchanges with strangers don't (23) (24) as in other countries. Americans others professionally rather than

socially. They start talking business immediately since they

are always (25)

of time and dislike "wasting"

too much time. Americans work hard at saving time. They would have meetings using equipment like television screens and telephones (26) in person. Quickly

solving a problem or doing a job successfully is a (27) of skill. The more important the job, the it.

more time and effort Americans will (28)

This often makes it difficult for people from other cultures to understand Americans. Therefore, (29) to

another culture has become so important to us. This requires a great deal of personal and cultural (30) . In

short, it is highly necessary for us to develop appreciation for things that are foreign to us.

Questions 31 to 40 are based on the same passage or dialog. Football is simpler than any other game, calling for nothing more than a ball, 27 inches around and weighing 7/8 of a pound, and two goals. The field can be of (31) , and men of all sizes can play. Unlike

basketball, which has become a game for (32) look like (33) , the finest football stars may very well . On England's best team, . The

several players are 5 feet 8 (34)

greatest Brazilian star Pele stood only 5 feet 9 and weighed only 160 pounds. For all this, football players, 11 to a side, give an exhibition of (35) and strength hard to match. With all

parts of their body except their hands they (36) the ball with a kind of dancing-master's

ability. They run back and forth at (37)

speed

for two halves of 45 minutes. There are no time-outs (暂停) except for serious (38) .

For their performances, star players receive (39) are (40) of millions of dollars a season. But they . When a club pays millions for a

great player, it may get back about ten times that in ticket sales and advertising.

Questions 41 to 50 are based on the same passage or dialog. Today, the fight against doping (用兴奋剂) is a continuous battle that is possible to win with international efforts.

Doping is defined as the (41)

, whether

substance or method, potentially dangerous to athletes' (42) and capable of enhancing their

performance, or the presence in the athlete's body of a substance, or the use of a (43) on the list

attached to the Olympic Movement Anti-Doping Code (法规). Doping is completely against the spirit of the Olympic Games: the (44) game. Many of the banned

substances and methods are dangerous to athletes' health and can cause short- and (45) damage.

Athletes must be very careful about any medicines they are taking, because many common (46) , such as

pain-killers, can contain banned substances. If a competitor wants to use a banned substance for treatment, he or she must get the (47) approval of the Medical

Advisory (咨询) Committee of the IOC Medical Commission

(委员会).

If an athlete tests (48) Games, he/she will be (49)

in the Olympic from the

Olympics for a period of two years for the first time they are caught. All (50) or medals achieved by the

athlete will be removed. The fight against doping continues.

Questions 51 to 60 are based on the same passage or dialog. Perhaps second only to the question "Are we there yet?" parents on vacation with their children hate hearing "I think I'm gonna be sick!" as they (51) highway. Car sickness can make family vacations unfortunate for both (52) and the rest of the family. Motion along the

sickness, which includes car sickness, sea sickness and air sickness, affects most people to (53) degrees. Symptoms range from a (54) feeling of discomfort to nausea (恶心) and vomiting (呕吐). Doctors at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas say the discomfort results from (55) messages being

sent to the brain. The brain relies on messages from the inner ear, the muscles and the eyes to tell it where the body is in space. When any of these body parts send different messages, the brain gets (56) , and you get

queasy (想呕吐的). For example, if you're reading in the car, your inner ear knows you're moving, but your muscles think you're sitting still and your eyes don't see anything moving because they're looking at the page. On an airplane, your inner ear senses the motion, but your eyes only see the inside

of the airplane, which looks (57) Treatments for motion sickness range from (58)

.

remedies (疗法) like ginger (生姜)

capsules (胶囊) to medicine. If you suffer from motion sickness, try sitting in the front seat of the car, (59) reading while in the car, and look out

the front window rather than the side windows. On a plane, pick a seat over a (60) . On a boat, try to stay

near the center. There is less motion in these areas.

Questions 61 to 70 are based on the same passage or dialog. Newspapers keep us informed about what is going on in the world. They (61) , educate, and examine the

events of the day. For hundreds of millions of people (62) , newspapers are part of their daily lives.

Newspapers are published at (63) usually come out daily or weekly. Of the nearly (64)

, but they

newspapers being published around the

world, about 2,600 are published in the United States. More than half―about 1,800―of them are (65) .

Some newspapers have a lot of subscribers: people who pay to have each issue (66) to them. For

example, The Wall Street Journal (日报) and USA Today each have about two (67) small-town (68) buyers. These include and special-interest papers,

such as those written for people who enjoy the same hobby.

Newspapers provide a service to the (69)

by

providing information at little cost. But they are businesses, so they need to (70) . In most newspapers,

between one-third and two-thirds of the paper is taken up by advertising.

Questions 71 to 80 are based on the same passage or dialog. When we see well, we do not think about our eyes very often. It is only when we cannot see (71) realize how important our eyes are. People who are nearsighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. Everything else seems unclear. Many people who do a lot of close work, such as writing, reading, and (72) , become nearsighted. Then they that we

have to wear glasses in order to see (73) clearly.

People who are (74)

suffer from just the

opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty in reading a book unless they hold it (75) . If they want to do much reading, they

must get the glasses, too. Other people do not see clearly because their eyes are not exactly the right shape. This, too, can be corrected by glasses. Some people's eyes become (76) because

of some other problems. Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is even possible to operate on the eye if necessary.

Having two good eyes is important for (77) Each eye sees things from a (78)

. different

direction. To prove this to yourself, look at an object out of one eye; then look at the same object out of your other eye. You

will find the object's relation to the (79)

and

other things around it has changed. The difference between these two (80) helps us to judge how far

away an object is. People who have only one eye cannot judge distance as well as people with two eyes.

Questions 81 to 90 are based on the same passage or dialog. A young couple lived together for two years during which time they came to understand, and respect each other. They honestly (81) the weaknesses and strengths

of each other's characters. Their racial and cultural differences (82) their relationship and taught them much

about tolerance, compromise, and honesty. The woman sometimes wondered why her black boyfriend was so (83) with racial issues. She seemed to forget in American what the

the more secret forms of (84) society. The couple held no (85)

future held for them as a married, mixed couple in America. The continual source of their strength was their (86) . They wanted to avoid the mistake made

by many couples who married for the wrong reasons —only to find out 10, 20, or 30 years later they overlooked (87) (88) (89) . They expected that marriage was an to make everything work out right. But, how carefully or even correctly they

were in their choices, things would just turn out to be the opposite to their expectations. Getting married is one thing but to (90) through the difficult times all one's life

with a partner is quite another. People can never be too careful about choosing a spouse.

Questions 91 to 100 are based on the same passage or dialog. Do you like English food? English food is well known (91) . This is most probably because

foreigners in England often have to eat in the more (92) type of restaurant. Here it is necessary . As a suffers. is

to prepare food rapidly in large (93) result, the taste of the food (94) People argue that the food, as far as (95)

concerned, is quite satisfactory from the point of view of nourishment. Still, it is rather dull and is not always (96) to make the food look good. Moreover,

the Englishman eating in a cheap or (97) priced restaurant is usually in a hurry. A meal taken in a leisurely way in pleasant surroundings is always far more enjoyable than a meal taken in haste in a business-like (98) meal at a (99) may be less (100) . In general, it is possible to get a good price. In fact, such a meal than similar food abroad.

For those with money to spare, there are restaurants that are no worse than the best in any country.

Questions 101 to 110 are based on the same passage or dialog. It has become a fashion for young students to study abroad. Every year an (101) of 78,000 foreign high

school students go to study in the United States. Their reasons for studying (102) include:

improving their English, finishing high school, and learning as

much as possible about a different culture. Among the greatest difficulties they face is finding a (103) (104) family to live with. And there are other as well, such as covering the cost of

personal items like clothing, long distance calls, and medical bills. These teenagers suddenly have to learn to (105) by themselves. Of course, parents

always help as their children are not whatsoever (106) to traveling by themselves. Leaving

behind their families when getting on the plane departing for America is their most (107) Awaiting their flights to their (108) destinations within America is another challenge for them. After they have settled, students complain about (109) foods, painful longing for home, or experience.

regulations such as how early to be home on weekend nights or risk being punished. Students with little (110) of English must take private language

lessons. And this, in turn, increases their total study expenses.

Questions 111 to 120 are based on the same passage or dialog. The world's population continues to grow. There are now over 5 billion of us on earth. The number could reach 7 billion in twenty or thirty years and 11 billion in another 75 years. (111) have long been concerned about such

a growth. Where will we find food, water, jobs, (112) people? , schools, and health care for all these

A (113)

shows that the situation may be

changing. A large and rapid drop in (114) has taken place during the past 10 years. Families generally are smaller now than they were a few years ago. This decrease is happening in both developing and industrial nations. (115) said they found a number of

reasons for this. More men and women are waiting longer to get married and are using (116) and

methods to prevent or delay having babies. More women are going to school or working at jobs away from home instead of having children. And more governments, especially in developing nations, now support (117) reduce population growth. China is one of the nations that has made great progress in (118) its population growth. China has by about one half to

already cut its rate of (119) since 1970s. Several nations in Europe already have (120)

. Experts said that these nations could

face a serious shortage of workers in the future. And the people who are working could face much higher taxes to help support the growing number of senior citizens.

Questions 121 to 130 are based on the same passage or dialog. The mother weeps for her smoking daughter. She found that her daughter smokes the same (121) of

cigarettes that killed her daughter's grandfather. Tobacco advertisements and movies had hopelessly (122) the man never (123) the grandfather on smoking. However, like the actors in them.

His breathing was a (124) (125) stairs. He usually (126)

. He often rested or

something for support while climbing for an hour before

getting up. He was so skinny that his (127) near the end of his life was unnoticeable. Now his daughter is deeply hurt by smoking. She was so careful raising her own daughter but for what purpose? To see all her care (128) as her daughter slowly kills herself? . And it and

The mother feels smoking is (129) also batters others who helplessly (130)

watch a loved one die. The mother would like to stop her daughter from smoking and would wish never to watch her loved ones die from smoking.

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(每小题: 1 分; 满分:130 分) 学生答案 Correct

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16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51.

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52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87.

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88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123.

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124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130.

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