当前位置:首页 >> 英语学习 >>

Alex Haley


Unit 1 The Shadowland of Dreams
HALEY, ALEX Alex Haley, an African American writer, is best known for as the author of the novel Roots: The Saga of an American Family, from which two television miniseries, Roots and Roots II, were adapted. The novels, loosely based on Haley's own family, presented an interpretation of the journey of African Americans from their homeland to the United States and their subsequent search for freedom and dignity. The novel was published in 1976, when the United States was celebrating its bicentennial. During the last week of January 1977 the first Roots miniseries was aired by the American Broadcasting Company (ABC). Its phenomenal success surprised everyone, including Haley and the network executives who had "dumped" the program into one week, fearing the subject matter would not attract an audience. Instead Roots garnered one of the largest audiences for dramatic television in the U.S. history of the medium, averaging a 44.9 rating and a 66 share. The success of Roots went far beyond attracting a large audience, however. The miniseries and Alex Haley, became a cause célèbre. In a cover story, Time magazine reported that restaurant and shop owners saw profits decline when the series was on the air. The report noted that bartenders were able to keep customers only by turning the channel selector away from basketball and hockey and tuning instead to those stations carrying Roots. Parents named their newborn after characters in the series, especially the lead character, Kunta Kinte. The airing of Roots raised issues about the effects of television. There were debates about whether the television series would ease race relations or exacerbate them. A Time magazine article explained that "Many observers feel that the TV series left whites with a more sympathetic view of blacks by giving them a greater appreciation of black history." The same article reported that white junior high school students were harassing African Americans and that black youths assaulted four white youths in Detroit while chanting, "Roots, roots, roots." Haley began his writing career through assignments from Reader's Digest and Playboy magazine, where he conducted interviews. During this time he met Malcolm X, then one of the followers of Elija Mohamad, leader of the Nation of Islam. Later Haley was asked by Malcom X to write his life's story. The result of that collaboration, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, was published in 1965 and sold six million copies. Roots, Haley's next bestseller, is an historical novel that purports to trace the African American ancestry of its author, Alex Haley, back to a tiny village in Gambia, West Africa. Within two years of its publication, more than eight million copies of the book had been printed in twenty-six languages, and Roots had won 271 awards, including the Pulitzer Prize. Published in 1976, the volume also inspired a generation of ancestor-seeking Americans and led to one of the most ambitious and most-watched television productions ever undertaken. Roots, U.S. serial drama, remains one of television's landmark programs. Based on Alex Haley's best-selling novel about his African ancestors, Roots followed several generations in the lives of a slave family. The saga began with Kunta Kinte, a West African youth captured by slave raiders and shipped to America in the 1700s. Kunta received brutal treatment from his white masters and rebelled continually. An older Kunta married and his descendants carried the story after his death. Daughter Kizzy was raped by her master and bore a son, later named Chicken George. In the final episode, Kunta Kinte's great-grandson Tom joined the Union Army and gained emancipation. Over the course of the saga, viewers saw brutal whippings and many agonizing moments, rapes, the forced separations of families, slave auctions. Through it all, however, Roots depicted its slave characters as well-rounded human beings, not merely as victims or symbols of oppression.


赞助商链接
相关文章:
Alex Haley
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to:navigation, search Alex Haley Haley as a young man in the U.S. Coast Guard Born Died August 11, 1921 ...
Alex Haley served in the Coast Guard during World W...
Alex Haley served in the Coast Guard during World War ll_其它考试_资格考试/认证_教育专区。We should not celebrate western festivals As we know, there ...
Thank you
Thank you_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Thank you Alex Haley It was 1943, during World War 2, and I was a young U.S. coastguardsman. My ship ...
Alex Haley became famous with the publication of th...
Alex Haley became famous with the publication of the novel ___. A. RootsB. Sophie's ChoiceC. Native SonD. The Age of Innocence 正确答案及相关解析...
翻译大赛 翻译技巧
(Alex Haley, Roots) 昆他觉得,即使他家乡的野兽也比这群人自尊自重。(插入语换序)。 2.From the moment they set foot on the territory of their ...
全新版大学英语综合教程3课文原文及翻译
全新版大学英语综合教程3课文原文及翻译 - unit 5 Writing Three Thank-You Letters Alex Haley served in the Coast Guar...
主谓一致_图文
(两个名词共用一个冠词) There is a journalist and writer living in America whose name is Alex Haley. 在美国有一个名叫亚利克斯·哈利的记者兼作家。 ...
英语师范专业本科必读推荐书目
Alex Haley James Baldwin Joseph Heller F.Scott Fitzgerald Ernest Hemingway William S.Burroughs William Faulkner Stephen Crane Theodore Dreiser Jack London 作者...
英语俚语题
(两个名词共 用一个冠词) There is a journalist and writer living in America whose name is Alex Haley. 在美国有一个名叫 亚利克斯?哈利的记者兼作家。 ...
英语专业学生阅读参考书目
· 菲茨杰拉德 Alex Haley 亚历克斯· 哈利 Nathaniel Hawthorne 纳撒尼尔· 霍桑 Josph Heller 约瑟夫· 海勒 Ernest Hedmingway 欧内斯特· 海明威 James Jones 詹姆斯...
更多相关标签: