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Emily Dickinson
(1830-1886)

?

a forerunner of the modern poetry.

?

The greatest poetess in American literary history

Emily Dickenson
? ? ? ? ?

I. Life II. Literary Influences III. Themes IV. The Characteristics of Her Verse V. Style

I. Life
? ?

10 December, 1830 one of most prominent

families in Amherst, MA(艾
默斯特市).

Emily Dickinson Museum, Amherst

The Dickinson Homestead(家园) in Amherst

The Dickinson Homestead in Amherst (garden)

The Dickinson Homestead in Amherst, Massachusetts (bedroom)

The Dickinson Homestead in Amherst (Dress)

Personality
?

a recluse(隐士) She didn’t leave her family’s homestead after the late 1860’s

The soul selects her own society Then shuts the door To her divine Majority Present no more …

?

always wore white

?

Wrote secretly

Only 7 of her poems were published in her lifetime.

After her death, friends and relatives found bundles of her

poems of nearly 1800 poems

More informaiton
?

p13

II. Literary Influences
? ?

1. The Bible 2. British writers:
?Admired the works of

Shakespeare, John Keats and

Elizabeth Barrett Browning

III. Themes
?

A few universal themes occupied the poet: love, nature, death and immortality.

Ⅳ Style

Nobody knows this little Rose -It might a pilgrim be Did I not take it from the ways And lift it up to thee. Only a Bee will miss it -Only a Butterfly, Hastening from far journey -On its breast to lie -Only a Bird will wonder -Only a Breeze will sigh -Ah Little Rose -- how easy For such as thee to die!

Nobody knows this little Rose -It might a pilgrim be Did I not take it from the ways And lift it up to thee. Only a Bee will miss it -Only a Butterfly, Hastening from far journey -On its breast to lie -Only a Bird will wonder -Only a Breeze will sigh -Ah Little Rose -- how easy For such as thee to die!

Ⅳ Style
(1) poems without titles

(2) direct, brief, highly compressed
(3) Elliptical(省略), ambiguous of meaning

and syntax

(4) Use of capital letters and

dashes – emphasis
(5) Lyric and highly subjective
One-fifth of them begin with "I"

(6) Influence of Christian literary tradition:
?

biblical language and allusions(暗
示)

?

meter of hymns
?4 beats+3 beats+4 beats+3 beats

?

stanza of 4 lines, quatrain

(7) Innovation in rhyme (abcb)


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