当前位置:首页 >> 高中教育 >>

考点2 完形填空


圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

温馨提示: 此题库为 Word 版,请按住 Ctrl,滑动鼠标滚轴,调节合适的观 看比例,关闭 Word 文档返回原板块。

考点 2
(一 ) 记叙文
Passage 1 (2011· 四川卷)

完形填空

I truly feel that my m

other led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum 21 in October 2007,I was a cook. In

December that year,while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me 23 22 .I was distraught ( 忧 心 如 焚 的 ) . Some days later, I was

that a guy who was working with us that day, “could probably have made a 24 the necklace he found.” 25 , he returned it. Hearing how I’d 27

fortune 26

Mum for six months before her death, he said, “Christmas is going to be

—why not go out to the Alps for a couple of weeks?” I came to Morzaine, a small, friendly village in the Alps and love with it. What was 28 fell in

29 to be a stopgap (权宜之计) trip turned into a new life. 30 than I had in months .In

I kept travelling between London and here and felt December 2008, I was

31 as a hotel manager and moved here full time.

A month later, I met Paul, who was travelling here. We fell in love. In the beginning, I didn’t want to discuss 32 , because the sadness of losing Mum 34 33

felt great. Paul understood that and never

me but, by summer, we got

married. A year later, we used his savings, and the money from the sale of Mum’s house, to build our own 35 .
-1-

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

We want to give our guests a

36

feel, so each room is themed(以……为主

题) around memories from our lives. There are also styles to remind me of Mum—— a tiny chair which 37 be in her bedroom is set in one room. 38 naturally part of it, 40 39

We are having a wonderful life and Mum

there’s no way we would be here if it wasn’t for the she’s here in spirit, keeping an eye on us. 21. A.died 22. A. burned 23. A.shown 24. A.hiding 25. A.Luckily 26. A.nursed 27. A.long 28. A. suddenly 29. A.said 30. A.smarter 31. A.nonoured 32. A. travel 33. A.recently 34. A.left 35. A.hotel 36. A.homely 37. A. ought to B. came B. disappeared B comforted B stealing B. Naturally B. cured B. hard B. finally B. proved B. higher B. hired B. business B. once B. pushed B. restaurant B. lively B. used to
-2-

she gave me. I know

C. returned C. broke C. persuaded C. selling C. Surely C. missed C. merry C. nearly C. supposed C. firmer C. regarded C. children C. still C. surprised C. home C. motherly C. might

D. visited D. dropped D. told D. wearing D. Hopefully D. guarded D. free D. immediately D. judged D. lighter D. trained D. marriage D. firstly D. interrupted D. shop D. friendly D. could

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

38. A. takes 39. A. unless 40. A. money

B. keeps B. while B. chair

C. looks C. because C. house

D. feels D. though D. necklace

【文章大意】作者在母亲去世后一直很痛苦,又不小心弄丢了母亲留给她的项 链,幸运的是有人见到并且还给了她,并且在得知作者伤心劳顿疲惫不堪之后 建议作者到阿尔卑斯去旅游。在那里,作者爱上了那里的景色,后来遇到相爱 之人,结婚,开旅馆。作者把这一切都归功于母亲,因为所有这一切都缘于母 亲的项链。文章深深地表达了作者对母亲的怀念。 21. 【解析】选 A。根据下文 26 空后母亲去世可知,此处说母亲去世时我是一 名厨师。 22. 【解析】选 B。根据下文 25 空后,he returned it 可知,项链丢了,不见了。 23. 【解析】选 D。我被告知,别人告诉我。 24. 【解析】选 C。如果他卖掉捡到的项链的话就发财了。 25. 【解析】选 A。对我来说,他能把项链还回来,当然是很幸运的。 26. 【解析】选 A。在母亲去世前,我照顾了她六个月。nurse 看护,照顾。 27. 【解析】选 B。因为母亲刚刚故去,圣诞节对于我来说是个艰难的时期。 28. 【解析】选 D。我到了阿尔卑斯的一个小村庄,就立即喜欢上了它。 29. 【解析】选 C 。本应该作为权宜之计的旅游却成了我新生活的开始。 be supposed to 应该。 30. 【解析】选 D。往返的旅游让我的心情放松了。 31. 【解析】选 B。我被雇成了一家旅馆的经理。 32. 【解析】选 D。因为失去母亲的痛苦依然存在,我不想结婚。 33. 【解析】选 C。见 32 解析。
-3-

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

34. 【解析】选 B。保罗非常理解我从来也没有迫使我。push 迫使,强迫。 35. 【解析】选 A。用保罗的积蓄和卖母亲房子的钱,我们开了自己的旅馆。由 下文让顾客有宾至如归的感觉,应该是开了旅馆。 36. 【解析】选 A。给顾客一种家的感觉。 37. 【解析】选 B。过去放在母亲房间里的一把椅子。 38. 【解析】选 D。很自然的,母亲是我们新生活的一部分。因为这所有一切都 缘于母亲的项链。 39. 【解析】选 C。见 38 解析。 40. 【解析】选 D。见 38 解析。 Passage 2 (2011?北京卷) I used to hate being called upon in class mainly because I didn’t like attention drawn to myself. And always 37 36 otherwise assigned(指定)a seat by the teacher, I

to sit at the back of the classroom. 38 after I joined a sports team. It began when a teacher 39 to keep

All this

suggested I try out for the basketball team. At first I thought it was a crazy because I didn’t have a good sense of balance, nor did I have t he 40

pace with the others on the team and they would tease me. But for the teacher who kept insisting on my “ 41 for it”, I wouldn’t have decided to give it a try. 42 of it! When I

Getting up the courage to go to the tryouts was only the first started 43 much

the practice sessions, I didn’t even know the rules of the game, 45 46 and take a shot at , I wasn’t the

44 what I was doing. Sometimes I’d get

the wrong direction—which made me feel really stupid. only one “new” at the game, so I decided to
-4-

47

on learning the game, do

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

my best at each practice session, and not be too hard on myself for the things I didn’t 48 “just yet”. I practiced and practiced. Soon I knew the 49 and the “moves”. Being 50 in me

part of a team was fun and motivating. Very soon the competitive

was winning over my lack of confidence. With time, I learned how to play and made friends in the 51 — friends who respected my efforts to work hard and be a

team player. I never had so much fun! With my 52 self-confidence comes more praise from teachers and “53” 54 in the back of the classroom and not raising my hand — even when I

classmates. I have gone from

wanting to call attention to myself, sometimes wasn’t 100 percent self-confidence in myself. 36. A. as 37. A. hoped 38. A. continued 39. A. idea 40. A. right 41. A. going 42. A. point 43. A.enjoying 44. A. less 45. A.committed 46. A. Interestingly B. until B. agreed B. changed B. plan B. chance B. looking B. half B. preparing B. later B. motivated B. Fortunately 55

I had the right answer. Now I have more

C. unless C. meant C. settled C. belief C. ability C. cheering C. rest C. attending C. worse C. embarrassed C. Obviously
-5-

D. though D. chose D. started D. saying D. patience D. applying D. basis D. watching D. further D. confused D. Hopefully

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

47. A. focus 48. A. want 49. A. steps 50. A. roles 51. A. process 52. A. expressed 53. A. dreaming 54. A. by 55. A. lucky

B. act B. do B. orders B. part B. operation B. improved B. playing B. for B. happy

C. rely C. support C. rules C. mind C. movement C. preserved C. relaxing C. with C. sure

D. try D. know D. games D. value D. situation D. recognized D. hiding D. to D. satisfied

【文章大意】一个非常内向的孩子,在学校的时候,没有突出的表现,很缺乏 自信,因为老师鼓励他参加篮球队,他重新拾起了自信。 36.【解析】选 C。考查逻辑关系。and 提示前后句间是并列关系,前一句说我不 喜欢被别人关注,那么除非(unless)我被老师指定在某个座位,否则我一定总 是坐在教室的后面。 37.【解析】选 D。坐在教室的后面是自我选择的, choose to do sth. 选择干某事; hope to do sth. 希望干某事;agree to do sth. 同意干某事;mean to do sth. 打算干 某事。 38.【解析】选 B。该句是中心句,this 指代“我不喜欢被注意”这一不好的事情, 下文围绕着“我在参加了运动队后我之前的状况改变了。”后面的句子娓娓道来。 39.【解析】选 A。老师建议我参加篮球队这显然是“一个主意;一个想法”,而 我认为这很疯狂。idea 主意,想法;plan 计划;belief 信念,信仰;saying 谚语。 40.【解析】选 C。打篮球团队中与其他人保持同步这是我的一种“能力”的体现, 然而此时我没这能力。ability 能力;right 权利;chance 机会;patience 耐心。
-6-

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

41.【解析】选 A。it 指代我参加篮球队这件事情,那么对这件事情老师坚持的 就是让我去尝试。go for sth. 努力争取某事物,努力去实现某事物;look for 寻 找;cheer for 为……欢呼;apply for 申请。 42.【解析】选 B。鼓起勇气去参加选拔赛仅仅是成功的“一半”,注意句末“!” 及下文中的“重重困难”,体现了感叹。point“一点”;rest“剩下”;basis“基础”。 我们不是也常说“良好的开端是成功的一半”吗? 43.【解析】选 C。根据动作的先后顺序,我先是鼓起勇气参加了选拔赛,而后 文又说我不懂规则,那么我此时正在训练课中。attend the practice sessions 参加 训练课;enjoy 享受;prepare 准备;watch 观看。 44.【解析】选 A。对于“我正在做的事情”,我知之甚少,不知所措。这与前文 交代了我的平衡能力差、跟不上大家的步伐,甚至不知道规则在意思上是相辅 相成的。 45. 【解析】 选 D。 能把球投进自己的篮筐, 显然我这时是混乱了, 选择 D。 confused “混乱的”,指遇到某事大脑一片空白,不知道该如何处理的状态。 46.【解析】选 B。后一句“我不是唯一的新人”,那么这与上面我的糟糕表现形 成对比或转折。由此可知逻辑意思应是 “幸运地”即 fortunately。interestingly “有 意思地” ;obviously 明显地;hopefully“有希望地”。 47.【解析】选 A。注意与后边两个“do my best,not to be hard”是 decided to 的并 列宾语。focus on sth. 专注干某事,用心干某事。 48.【解析】选 D。不对自己恰在此时还不了解的东西过多苛责。just yet 表示“恰 好现在”。照应了上文“...I didn’t even know the rules of the game,…”。 49.【解析】选 C。注意上下文线索。上文叙述我连规则都不知道,于是发奋练 球的直接结果就是知道了规则和打球动作。
-7-

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

50.【解析】选 B。不久我体内的竞争部分正战胜我的不自信(部分) 。role 角色; part 部分;mind 思想;value 价值。 51.【解析】选 A。注意破折号的作用是解释说明,那么尊重我的努力的朋友一 定是看到我的成长的朋友,即是我在这个过程中认识的朋友。 process 过程; operation 操作;movement 运动;situation 情形,情况。 52.【解析】选 B。根据前文叙述,我是一个由没自信到拥有自信的人,那么我 的自信是不断增加的,选择 B。improved 提高了的,增加了的。express 表达; preserve 保存;recognize 认出,承认。 53. 【解析】 选 D。 我在教室的后面坐着是在“隐藏”自己, 照应了开头“I didn’t like attention drawn to myself.”以及对比后半句“raising my hand”。 54.【解析】选 D。注意把握该长难句,其主干是 I have gone from “hiding”...to raising...,举例说明了我从不自信到拥有自信的过程。考查了介词的搭配。 55. 【解析】 选 C。 我甚至有时在不是百分百确定答案的时候也举手。 be sure (that) clause 对某事有把握。

Passage 3 (2011?山东卷) I first went to hear a live rock concert when I was eight years old. My brother and his friends were all they 37 all bought 36 of a heavy metal group called Black Wednesday. When

that Black Wednesday were going to perform at our local theatre, they 38 for the performance. However, at the last minute, one of the 39 me the ticket. I was really 40 !

friends couldn’t go, so my brother

I remember the buzz (嘈杂声) of excitement inside the theatre as we all found our 41 . After a few minutes, the lights went down and everybody became
-8-

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

42 . I could barely make out the stage in the

43 . We waited. Then there was a 44 the 45 46

roar from the crowd, like an explosion, as the first members of the band

stage. My brother leaned over and shouted something in my ear, but I couldn’t what he was saying. The first song was already starting and the music was as as a jet engine. I could 47 the drum beats and the bass notes in my stomach. 48

I can’t recall any of the songs that the band played. I just enjoyed the show and didn’t want it to (加演), the show finished. We left the 49 50

that I really

. But in the end, after three encores and walked unsteadily out onto the 51 from a long sleep. My ears

pavement. I felt a little dizzy, as if I had just were still 52 _with the beat of the last song.

After the

53 , I became a Black Wednesday fan too for a few years before 54 , I listen to one of their

getting into other kinds of music. Once in a while, songs and 55 I’m back at that first show. B.friends B. discovered B. drinks B. offered B. embarrassed B. entrance B. quiet B. noise B. got through B. hear
-9-

36. A.members 37. A. guessed 38. A. flowers 39. A. booked 40. A. relaxed 41. A. seats 42. A. comfortable 43. A. silence 44. A. fell upon 45. A. forget

C. fans C. thought C. clothes C. returned C. excited C. spots C. serious C. darkness C. broke into C. repeat

D. volunteers D. predicted D. tickets D. found D. encouraged D. space D. nervous D. smoke D. stepped onto D. bear

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

46. A. loud 47. A.feel 48. A. realize 49. A. continue 50. A. party 51. A. escaped 52. A. aching 53. A. competition 54. A. though 55. A. decide

B.hard B. touch B. understand B. delay B. theatre B. traveled B. burning B. performance B. otherwise B. regret

C. sweet C. enjoy C. believe C. finish C. opera C. benefited C. ringing C. interview C. instead C. conclude

D. fast D. digest D. remember D. change D. stage D. woken D. rolling D. celebration D. besides D. imagine

【文章大意】本篇为记叙文,作者通过对自己童年生活的回忆,向读者描述了 孩子生活中的一段趣事: 哥哥和他的朋友都是 Black Wednesday 的粉丝, 有一天, 他们相约去听 Black Wednesday 的现场音乐会,而其中的一个成员不能参加,作 者的哥哥把这张票给了他,于是他也就随哥哥去剧院听了这场音乐会,而正是 由于这场音乐会,作者也成了 Black Wednesday 的粉丝,在多年以后,他还经常 回忆起他所经历的这一段故事。 36.【解析】选 C。与下文的 After the 53 , I became a Black Wednesday fan too for a few years…相照应可知,哥哥和他的朋友都是名叫 Black Wednesday 的重金属 乐队的粉丝。 37.【解析】选 B。他们发现 Black Wednesday 要在当地的一家剧院演出。discover 与语境相符;guess 猜测;thought 认为;predict 预测。故选 B。 38.【解析】选 D。与下文的 so my brother 39 me the ticket 相照应,可知

这里选 tickets。哥哥和他的朋友买票去看演出。
- 10 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

39.【解析】选 B。在最后一刻,其中的一个朋友不能去,哥哥就把这张票给了 我。offer sb. sth. 把某物给某人,与短文的语境相符。book 表示“订票、座位、 房间等”; return 归还;find 发现。 40.【解析】选 C。能够在最后的时刻得到一张参加音乐会的票,作者自然是非 常兴奋。 41.【解析】选 A。作者依然记得他们找到自己的座位时剧院里孩子们兴奋的嘈 杂声。 42.【解析】选 B。几分钟后,灯光暗下来,所有的人都安静下来。 43. 【解析】 选 C。 从前面的 the lights went down 及 I could barely make out the stage 可知,剧场里是黑暗的环境,in the darkness 在黑暗中,与前面的语境相照应。 44.【解析】选 D。乐队的最初几个成员踏上舞台。step onto 踏上,走上,与语 境相符;fall upon 开始行动,落在;get through 穿过,完成;break into 闯入, 破门而入。 45.【解析】选 B。由上的 Then there was a roar from the crowd, like an explosion, 可知,剧院里非常喧闹,因此尽管哥哥大声对自己喊,作者也听不到哥哥所说 的话。 46.【解析】选 A。作者用像喷气式飞机的发动机来描述剧场里的吵闹程度可知 其喧嚣的程度,用 loud 符合语境。 47.【解析】选 A。摇滚音乐非常吵,因此作者描述说他的肚子里可以感受到鼓 的敲击声和低声乐器的音符。 48.【解析】选 D。虽然作者回忆不起乐队所表演的任何一首歌,但却记得非常 喜欢这场音乐会。 49. 【解析】 选 C。 从本空前面的 I really enjoyed the show 和本空后句中的 after three
- 11 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

encores (加演), the show finished 可知,作者喜欢这场音乐会,不想让它结束,故 选 finish 符合语境。 50.【解析】选 B。从前文的 Black Wednesday were going to perform at our local theatre 可知,此处应该是“We left the theatre”。 51. 【解析】 选 D。 作者感觉有点眩晕, 好像是刚从长眠中醒来。 wake 醒来; escape 逃脱;travel 旅行;benefit from 从……中受益。 52.【解析】选 C。从上文可知,作者非常喜欢 Black Wednesday 的演出,因此这 里作者都不想让演出结束,可见对摇滚的喜爱程度,因此作者这样描述,最后 一首歌的节拍还在我耳边萦绕, ring 在句中指“回响,响彻”,指此意时常与 with 或 to 连用。 53.【解析】选 B。与上文的 Black Wednesday were going to perform at our local theatre 相照应,这里指的是在那次表演之后。 54.【解析】选 A。作者虽然后来喜欢上其他的音乐,然而,他还是偶尔去听一 听 Black Wednesday 的歌。 55.【解析】选 D。作者偶尔去听一听 Black Wednesday 的歌,想像着自己又回到 了第一次所听的音乐会。imagine 想像。 Passage 4 (2011?江西卷) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、 C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 What a busy day! The three boys were fed, bathed and changed into their nightclothes. Mary had 36 them a story and finally they were asleep. 37 ,”she

“Babysitting (照看) the three boys aged eight, six and four is extremely thought.
- 12 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

“Sleep,”she considered, “if only I could!”But she had difficult homework to complete. Leaning back, she 38 her feet onto the sofa to get comfortable. 39 way to make money obviously hadn't

Whoever said babysitting was a(n)

met the three boys, she thought. The television was on, the room was warm, and the lights were dim. Mary's thought— which was 41 40 felt heavier and heavier. I mustn't sleep, she

what she did, of course. 42 that she was a world-famous chef(主厨).

Strangely enough, she soon She made a 43

and wore diamonds and designer clothes. Most days she relaxed 44 —her favorite hobby. She 45

by the pool, meeting the rich and famous or took the leading role in her own TV show. That is, until she became too

46 . “I am definitely the best in the world,” 47 seemed to go right.

she thought, as she prepared a tasty chicken dish. But

She spilt the flour, she dropped an egg and she cut her finger. Despite all the troubles, she 48 to get the chicken into the stove. Soon, smoke blanketed the room. The 49 set in, but Mary could not run—she was 50 to the

chicken was on fire.

spot. She tried hard to move, but could not, ___51___ a sharp sound awoke her. She got shocked and confused — Rushing to investigate, she was met by three bread. “Sorry, we were hungry and you were 52 53 was pouring from the kitchen. little faces and some very burnt 54 , so we tried to make some

bread,” explained a boy. Relieved, Mary made them a snack and sent them back to bed. She 55 them never to fall asleep on the job again! B.written B.helpful C.told C.tiring
- 13 -

36.A.given 37.A.successful

D.taught D.surprising

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

38.A.shook 39.A.difficult 40.A.eyes 41.A.nicely 42.A.realized 43.A.decision 44.A.cooking 45.A.just 46.A.selfish 47.A.everything 48.A.tried 49.A.Panic 50.A.frozen 51.A.because 52.A.smoke 53.A.cheerful 54.A.busy 55.A.promised

B.put B.boring B.mind B.exactly B.reminded B.fortune B.reading B.ever B.proud B.something B.arranged B.Pain B.dragged B.until B.light B.strange B.hungry B.allowed

C.bent C.important C.heart C.curiously C.learnt C.business C.running C.even C.stubborn C.anything C.managed C.Noise C.pushed C.as C.water C.guilty C.worried C.expected

D.kept D.easy D. legs D. carelessly D.dreamt D.plan D.babysitting D.only D.sensitive D.nothing D.prepared D.Stress D.brought D.unless D.fire D.confident D.asleep D.persuaded

【文章大意】文章讲述了主人公玛丽作为保姆带三个不同年龄段的孩子,感觉 非常累非常辛苦。在把孩子弄好让他们休息后,她坐在沙发上想放松一下,结 果她自己也睡着了。她做了个梦,梦到自己是个一流的厨师。正当她准备美味 佳肴的时候,好像一切都不对劲。菜烧坏了,浓烟从厨房里面跑出来了,当她 跑到厨房去探个究竟的时候,看到的是三个孩子和烧焦的面包。孩子说:“我们
- 14 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

很饿,你在睡觉。所以我们就自己做面包了。”于是玛丽向他们许诺她再也不会 在做这份工作的时候睡觉了! 36. 【解析】选 C。考查固定搭配,tell sb. a story 给某人讲故事。 37. 【解析】 选 C。 根据下文文意得知主人公作为保姆带三个不同年龄段的孩子, 感觉非常累非常辛苦。successful 表示“成功的”,正面态度。helpful 有帮助的, 正面态度。tiring 令人觉得疲惫的,负面态度。surprising 令人惊讶的,中性词。 而这段开头就说的是 What a busy day!忙碌的一天,所以排除 A 和 B 两个正面 态度的词汇。这四个形容词修饰的对象是 babysitting,照看小孩这件事情,应该 不是“令人惊讶的”,所以排除 D,答案是 C“令人觉得疲惫的”。 38. 【解析】选 B。此题考查动词,与之相关的名词是 she 和 feet,所以这里的 结构应为:“她______脚在沙发上”。所以排除 A“晃动”和 C“弯曲”。因为脚是没 法被弯曲的。比较容易误选 D keep,保持,注意空格之后的介词是 onto,表示 一个动态的过程,而 keep 保持的一定是某种状态,所以选择 B“放”比较合适。 根据意思,Mary 在忙完工作后将脚架在沙发上休息。 39. 【解析】选 D。此题考查形容词,与之相关的名词是 way,whoever,这句 话中的 whoever 表示 no matter who,引导一个名词性从句,所以断句应该这样 断,Whoever said that babysitting is a(n) ______way to make money,这句话在描 述 whoever(一个词),表示“那些说照看小孩是一种很______的挣钱方法的人。” 这句话的结构应为:“不论是谁,只要是说照看小孩是一种______的挣钱方法的 话,肯定没有遇见过这三个小孩。”所以应该选择 D。 40. 【解析】选 A。此题考查名词,与之相关的形容词是 heavier,所以这里的结 构应为:“______越来越沉重”。一个很疲惫的照看完孩子的人,应该很想睡觉, 眼睛变得沉重是最合理的。所以答案是 A。
- 15 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

41. 【解析】选 B。此题考查副词,考点比较特殊。需要我们注意破折号,文中 出现单个破折号的含义是解释说明,破折号之前说的是“她想她绝对不能睡觉”, 所以破折号后面说的应该是同样的意思,所以选择 B“正是”。此句话的含义是: “她正是这么做的(表示她确实没有睡觉)”。A 项意为 “漂亮地”;C 项意为“好奇 地”;D 项意为“粗心地”都和“睡觉”这件事没有任何关系。 42.【解析】选 A。此题考查动词,与之相关的词是 that,指代 she was a world ——famous chef。与之相关的副词是 strangely,所以这里的关系应为:“很奇怪 的是,她______她是世界闻名的大厨”,所以排除 B 项 “想起来”,C 项“得知” 和 D 项“梦见”。想起来或者得知或者梦见自己是大厨都没什么可奇怪的。所以 答案是 A“意识到”,这个词强调之前不知道,“突然意识到”这样一个过程。 43.【解析】选 B。此题考查名词,根据句意应为:“她______并且她戴着钻石”, 所以可见她发财了,make a fortune 表示“发财,一夜暴富”这层含义。其他几个 名词和发财没有什么关系。 make a fortune = make much money 赚了大钱, 很富。 44.【解析】选 B。根据本句句意,“大多数的日子里她都在游泳池边休闲,和有 钱人聚会或者是做着她最喜爱的事——读书。这些都是比较悠闲的活动。很多 同学误选 A cooking,但文章中并没有体现主人公很喜爱做饭, 而是强调她变成有 钱人后所过的生活多么丰富多彩。 45.【解析】选 C。此题考查副词,很常见的考法。even 表示甚至,表示和前面 一句话的递进关系。这里的关系应为:“她又有钱又有名,甚至在她自己的电视 剧里担任主角。”ever 表示曾经,暗指现在已经是另一种状态了,排除。only 表 示仅仅,跟在这个词后面的内容都是不重要的,和 just 是同义词,所以都排除。 46.【解析】选 B。此题考查形容词,与之相关的名词是 she,所以这里的结构应 为: “她变得______”。 空格之后的内容中提到: “她以为她是世界上最优秀的人”,
- 16 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

所以应该是一个很自傲的状态,答案是 B。 47.【解析】选 D。此题考查不定代词。和名词的解题方法是一样的,关注这个 空格发出的动作,go right,表示“往好的方向发展”。再关注到句首的 but,表示 转折关系,很显然,这个自傲的女主角一定面临挑战,面临不好的事情,所以 选择 D“没有事情”。这句话的含义是“但是似乎没有任何一件事在往好的方向发 展”。 48.【解析】选 C。此题考查动词,与之相关的动词是 get。还需要关注句首的 despite ,表示“尽管”,又表示一层转折关系,所以这里应该发生一些好事情。 所以这里的结构应为:“尽管发生了所有的不好的事情,但是她还是______把鸡 放进了炉子里”,答案是 C“成功”。manage 本身表示“管理”,但是加上了 to do 表示“成功做成”,A 项意为努力去做,尽力去做,B 项意为计划去做, C 项意 为设法做成某事,D 项意为准备去做。 49.【解析】选 A。此题考查名词,与之相关的名词是 fire,smoke,鸡烧焦了, 窜出了火苗,并且满屋子都是烟,人们的情绪自然会很慌张,所以答案是 A。 比较容易排除 B 和 D,烧焦的不是人,人们不会“疼”,着火和上考场也不是一 个性质的, 也没必要“紧张”。 比较容易误选 C“吵闹”。 大家惊慌失措确实会吵闹, 但是吵闹不一定是惊慌的表现,所以 A 比 C 更加合适。 50.【解析】选 A。A 冻住;B 拖,拉,拽;C 推;D 带来。be frozen to the spot 站在一个地方动不了。 51.【解析】选 B。此题考查逻辑关系词,空格之前的含义是:“她很努力地尝试, 但是无法动弹”,空格之后的含义是“一个尖锐的声音将她惊醒”,所以答案是 B “直到”。比较容易排除 A 项意为“因为”和 D 项意为“除非”,因为前后两句话之 间没有因果关系或者是条件关系。比较容易误选 C 项 as。这个词的意思比较多,
- 17 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

在这里可以表示“随着”,可以表示“当……时候”,不管是哪层意思,都表示同时 发生的两件事情,所以 C 选项是不能选的,因为空格之前是做梦,空格之后是 现实,不可能同时发生。所以答案 B 项“直到”最合适,表示状态的变化。 52.【解析】选 A。根据后文 very burnt bread 可知厨房因为烤焦面包在冒烟。此 题考查名词,与之相关的动词是 pouring 表示“倾倒”,并且能够从厨房中“倾倒” 出来的东西不可能是“火”“光”,因为它们不会发生位移,所以答案是 A 项“烟”, 因为三个小孩在里面烤面包。 53.【解析】选 C。此题考查形容词,与之相关的名词是 faces,说的是三个孩子 的脸,所以排除 B 项陌生的,因为这几个孩子主人公都很熟悉。在空格之后的 内容中,我们看到了“sorry”,说明孩子们很内疚,所以答案是 C。A 项振奋的, B 项奇怪的, C 项内疚的,D 自信的。根据后文,孩子说抱歉,说明他们因为 在厨房烤焦面包感到内疚,不好意思。 54.【解析】选 D。此题考查形容词,与之相关的名词是 you,所以这里的关系 应为:“我们很饿,你又______。”主人公变身世界级名厨的时候是她在做梦,所 以答案是 D。 55.【解析】选 A。此题考查动词,空格之后的意思是:“她再也不会在做这份工 作的时候睡觉了!”并且加了感叹号,所以主人公的动作应该是 A 项“许诺”,而 不是 B 项“允许”;C 项“预料”;D 项“说服”。promised sb. never to do sth. 向某人 承诺不再做某事了。 Passage 5 (2011?浙江卷) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21~40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D) 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将选项标号涂黑。 Although I love my life, it hasn’t been a lot of fun as I’ve been ill for 28 years.
- 18 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

Music has always been a great love of mine and, in my 20s, when my was more manageable, I 22

21

ten years as a professional singer in restaurants, 23 that was years ago and times have changed.

playing and singing folk songs. 24

I live with mother on a country farm. Two years ago, I decided that I would need to have some kind of extra work to

25

my disability pension ( 残疾抚恤金 ). 27

26

I needed to sleep in the 28

afternoons, I was limited in my to singing in restaurants.

. I decided that I would consider

My family are all musicians, so I was

29

when I went into our local music

store. I explained that I wanted to sing again but using recorded karaoke music. I knew that discs were very expensive and I really didn’t have a lot of started. And can 32 30 to get

31 you find only three to four songs out of ten on a disc that you use. 33 he gave me a long

When I told the owner of the shop about my thoughtful me.” He led me 35 34

. “This means a lot to you, doesn’t it?” he said. “Come with

the crowded shop and to a bench with a large professional 36 37 on his treasure and said, “I have and I’ll record them for you.

karaoke box on it. He placed his large hand 800 karaoke songs in here. You can take your That should get you started.” I choose His

38 . Thanking him, I made a time with him to listen to all the songs and 39 that I could sing. I have come full circle with his help. 40 still warms my heart and makes me do just that bit extra, when I
- 19 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

have the chance. 21. A. loneliness 22. A. set 23. A. Gladly 24. A. Now 25. A. add up to C. get rid of 26. A. If 27. A. movement 28. A. reaching out 29. A. recognized 30. A. money 31. A. thus 32. A. actually 33. A. job 34. A. face 35. A. over 36. A. unhappily 37. A. pick 38. A. had to cry C. should have cried 39. A. more 40. A. courage B. the ones B. devotion
- 20 -

B. sadness B. enjoyed B. Eventually B. Then

C. tiredness C. kept C. Unfortunately C. Sometime

D. sickness D. shared D. Surprisingly D. Meanwhile

B. make up for D. take advantage of B. As B. condition B. living up B. interviewed B. time B. once B. hardly B. family B. view B. along B. lovingly B. turn C. Though C. choices C. getting on C. found C. energy C. seldom C. nearly C. idea C. look C. towards C. pitifully C. role B. ought to cry D. could have cried C. few C. kindness D. the rest D. trust D. Before D. positions D. going back D. invited D. knowledge D. often D. formerly D. offer D. sight D. through D. gratefully D. step

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

【文章大意】本文是一则关于一位残疾人在热心人的帮助下重新开始自己心爱 的歌唱事业的情感故事。 21. 【解析】选 D。和前文信息“...as I’ve been ill for 28 years”照应,此处应该为 病情得到控制。A 项:孤独;B 项:忧伤;C 项:疲惫;D 项:病情。 22. 【解析】选 B。根据下文的叙述,作者对音乐情有独钟,所以他在饭店作为 职业歌手演唱歌曲应该是一种享受,所以选 B 项。 23. 【解析】选 C。根据后文的信息“...that was years ago and times have changed.” 可以知道,那是多年前的事情了,现在时过境迁,状况大不相同了。所以应该 选择表示“不幸地”选项更符合此处的语境。 24. 【解析】选 A。和多年前相对比,现在和母亲在农场居住。我们也可以从该 分句的动词时态看出时间的对比。 25. 【解析】 选 B。 从下文的“I knew that discs were very expensive and I really didn’t have a lot of 30 to get started.”可以知道,作者的残疾抚恤金并不算太多,所

以为了弥补抚恤金的不足,作者决定找个工作挣点钱。A 项:增加;B 项: 弥补; C 项:除掉;D 项:利用。所以根据语境,选择 B 项。 26.【解析】选 B。由于我在下午要睡觉,所以我的选择受到很大的限制。A 项: 如果;B 项:由于;C 项:尽管;D 项:在……之前。此处存在因果关系,所以 选 B。 27. 【解析】选 C。和前题相同,可供选择的工作有限。A 项:运动;B 项:条 件;C 项:选择;D 项:位置、情形。 28. 【解析】选 D。由于选择有限,所以我决定还是考虑重回饭店唱歌。所以只 有 D 项符合语境。 29.【解析】选 A。由于我的家人都是音乐家,所以当我走进当地一家音乐店时
- 21 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

我被认出来了。A 项:认出;B 项:采访;C 项:发现;D 项:邀请。根据语境, 只有 A 项符合要求。 30.【解析】选 A。前文说唱片价格比较贵,可以推知作者钱不多。所以选 A 项。 31. 【解析】选 D。不仅唱片价格贵,而且每张唱片中常常是十首歌曲只有三四 首能够使用。选择 often 更符合当时作者的窘境。 32. 【解析】 选 A。 和上题信息一致, 事实上能够使用的只有三四首歌曲。 actually 符合此处的语境。 33.【解析】 选 C。 从前文的“Two years ago, I decided that I would need to have some kind of extra work to 28 idea. 34.【解析】选 C。当店主听了我的想法后,他若有所思地打量我很长时间。此 处应该是打量我,看着我。对作者的这种顽强不屈的生活态度表示惊讶和敬佩。 35.【解析】选 D。店主领着我走过店铺来到板凳处。“lead sb. through...”表示“领 某人穿过……”,所以此处选 D 项。 36.【解析】选 B。由于被作者这种不屈的生活态度所感染,所以充满关爱地对 作者说, 他那里有 800 多首歌曲, 作者可以尽管挑选。 只有 lovingly 更符合语境。 37.【解析】选 A。和前题信息一致,作者可以挑选自己喜欢的歌曲。pick 表示 “挑选”,符合语境要求。 38.【解析】选 D。店主的这番善意着实让我感动得要哭了,只有 could have cried 表示“本来能大哭一场的”。 39.【解析】选 B。我把所有的歌曲都听了一遍然后选择了一些我会唱的歌曲。 the ones 代指会唱的歌曲,作定语从句的先行词。
- 22 -

25

my disability pension...I decided that I would consider

to singing in restaurants.”可以知道,自己找工作是一种想法,所以选择

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

40.【解析】选 C。店主的善意和善行温暖了我的心。根据全文故事的叙述,我 们可以知道,店主对作者特别的友好,所以此处选择 kindness。 Passage 6 (2011?辽宁卷 ) This year I decided to do something to regain my good name as a kindly uncle. My 36 , Tony, had never forgiven me for the dictionary I had bought him as a 37 38 39 had no reason to be thankful to me either, their dear son with a pot of paste(浆糊) and them into a book, Tony had naturally 40 , I decided to let him

birthday present last year. His because the year before, I had some funny pictures. Instead of

covered every wall in the house with them. This year, 41 for himself.

We went into a big shop, but Tony was very particular about I tried to show him toy after toy, he was not to be became

42 . Although

43 . Then I saw he suddenly

44 ; he had discovered something he really liked: a large tin drum. I was 45 I thought what Tony’s mother would say when she saw it. 46 for weeks! I led Tony away 47 , saying that the

quite happy too —

Nobody would get any drum was too expensive.

Tony asked for permission to go off to sit down and 49

48

and I made the most of my chance

my aching feet. Fifteen minutes passed but there was still 50 and got up to look for him. I asked a young 51 her helplessly and

no sign of Tony. I began to get

lady if she had seen a little boy in a grey suit. She looked pointed out that there were so many police for help, when I saw a strange 52 53

in grey suits. I was just going to call the dressed in strange orange clothes. He

was wearing a false beard and had a caveman’s axe(斧子) in one hand, and a space
- 23 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

gun in the other. It was, of course, Tony, who informed me first 55 to fly into space. B. daughter B. parents B. annoyed B. dividing B. though B. choose B. toys B. disturbed B. hopeful B. until B. trouble B. eagerly B. in his way B. rest B. angry B. to C. grandson C. classmates C. confused C. sticking C. again C. pay C. clothes C. accepted C. patient C. unless C. peace C. cautiously C. now and then C. lay C. worried C. at B. new customers D. small boys B. actor B. at once B. spaceman C. man C. just now C. caveman
- 24 -

54

that he was the

36. A. cousin 37. A. friends 38. A. presented 39. A. entering 40. A. anyhow 41. A. guess 42. A. sweets 43. A. pleased 44. A. surprised 45. A. after 46. A. shock 47. A. happily 48. A. on his own 49. A. drag 50. A. ashamed 51. A. about 52. A. young ladies C. loving parents 53. A. figure 54. A. on time 55. A. policeman

D. nephew D. brothers D. occupied D. drawing D. therefore D. see D. books D. disappointed D. excited D. since D. time D. quickly D. more or less D. step D. doubtful D. across

D. doll D. once again D. postman

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。作者连续两年送给侄子 Tony 的生日礼物都不 令人满意,不仅没有取悦 Tony,甚至得罪了 Tony 的父母。于是作者决定今年让 Tony 自己挑选生日礼物。 一开始 Tony 选中了一个锡鼓, 但是想到鼓声可能会打 扰家人,作者没有同意。当 Tony 自己在商场里转的时候,作者找不到他了,但 最终发现他打扮成了一个要到太空去的原始穴居人。 36.【解析】选 D。根据前一句作者要重新做 a kindly uncle 可知 Tony 是作者的 侄子 nephew。 37.【解析】选 B。根据后面一句作者给了 their dear son 一罐浆糊和一些滑稽可 笑的图画可知他们是指 Tony 的父母。 38.【解析】选 A。present sb. with sth.把某物赠送给某人,作者在侄子 Tony 的生 日时是赠送礼物。annoy 惹怒;confuse 混淆,使迷惑;occupy 占领,忙于。 39.【解析】选 C。作者送给侄子浆糊和图画本是让他粘到书上(stick them into a book)。enter 进入;divide 分开;draw 拉,吸引。 40.【解析】选 D。因为以前送的礼物不令人满意,于是作者决定让 Tony 自己挑 选。anyhow 无论如何;though 尽管;again 又一次;therefore 因此,于是,符合 句意。 41.【解析】选 B。作者决定让 Tony 自己挑选礼物,choose 符合句意。 42.【解析】选 B。根据后面一句 show him toy after toy 可知 Tony 是对玩具非常 挑剔。 43. 【解析】 选 A。 虽然作者让 Tony 看了很多玩具, 但他还是不满意, 用 be pleased 来表示。be disturbed 被打扰;be accepted 被接受;be disappointed 感到失望。 44.【解析】选 D。根据后面一句 Tony 找到了自己真正喜欢的东西,那他肯定是 觉得非常的兴奋(excited)。
- 25 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

45. 【解析】 选 B。 作者看到侄子找到了自己真正喜欢的东西也非常高兴, until“直 到”作者想到 Tony 的母亲见到这份礼物会说些什么。 46.【解析】选 C。因为 Tony 选中的玩具是鼓,那他肯定会经常在家里敲,那就 使得家人不得安宁(peace),符合句意。shock 震惊;trouble 麻烦,困难。 47.【解析】选 D。因为 Tony 确实喜欢这个玩具,所以作者怕他哭闹,那肯定是 带着他迅速(quickly)离开。eagerly 殷切地;cautiously 谨慎地。 48.【解析】选 A。Tony 要求自己去转转,on one's own 自己。in his way 挡他的 道;now and then 时不时地;more or less 或多或少。 49.【解析】选 B。根据后面 my aching feet 可知是作者要“歇歇脚”。 50. 【解析】 选 C。 因为 15 分钟了还没有看到自己的侄子, 因此作者开始 get worried 担心起来。get ashamed 羞愧;get angry 生气;get doubtful 开始怀疑。 51.【解析】选 A。作者是让别人帮着找人,别人肯定是 look about/around 环顾 四周。 52.【解析】选 D。因为作者是在找他的侄子,不好找是因为有很多差不多大小 的小男孩(small boys)。 53.【解析】选 A。通过后文 Tony 奇怪的装束可知是作者看到了一个奇怪的身影 (a strange figure)。 54.【解析】选 B。Tony 看到了自己的叔叔后马上(at once)告知他成了要飞往太 空的第一个原始穴居人。on time 按时;just now 刚刚;once again 又一次。 55.【解析】选 C。根据 Tony 的装束,及 had a caveman’s axe 可知,Tony 成为了 要飞往太空的第一个原始穴居人。spaceman 宇航员,其装束不应该如前面描述 的那样。故选 C。 Passage 7 (2011?陕西卷)
- 26 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

In a land far away, once upon a time there was great poverty(贫困), and only the rich could manage without great servants were 26 . Three of those rich men and their 28 village.

27 together on a road when they came to a very 29

The first could not stand seeing the poverty, jewels from his waggons (四轮载重马车) and shared He wished them all the best of luck, and he left. The second rich man, seeing the gave little 32 34 31

he took all the gold and 30 out among the villagers.

situation, stopped for a short time and 33 see that money would be of 35 their fair share and

all his food and drink, since he

to them. He made sure that they each 36

would have enough food to

for some time. Then, he left. 37 and went straight through

The third rich man, on seeing such poverty, the 38

without stopping. The two other rich men saw this from a distance and 39 the third rich man lacked sympathy. It was 40

commented with each other

that they themselves had been there to offer help. However, three days later, they the opposite direction. He was 42 41 the third rich man, who was coming in 43

travelling quickly, but his waggons,

the gold and valuables they had been bags of 26. A. loss 27. A. standing 28. A. faraway 29. A. unless 30. A. them

44 , were now full of farming tools and

45 . He was rushing back to help them out of poverty. B. expectations B. travelling B. poor B. because B. anything
- 27 -

C. success C. gathering C. different C. so C. nothing

D. problems D. running D. ancient D. if D. those

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

31. A. curious 32. A. the villagers 33. A. could 34. A. interest 35. A. returned 36. A. remain 37. A. turned back 38. A. village 39. A. whether 40. A. good 41. A. welcomed 42. A. still 43. A. except for 44. A. loading 45. A. food

B. worrying B. his servants B. might B. concern B. gained B. last B. set out B. land B. how B. certain B. met B. already B. instead of B. treasuring B. jewels

C. dangerous C. the others C. should C. use C. offered C. supply C. showed off C. field C. where C. true C. accepted C. always C. apart from C. carrying C. money

D. puzzling D. the rest D. must D. attraction D. received D. share D. speeded up D. road D. when D. strange D. persuaded D. indeed D. along with D. earning D. seeds

【文章大意】 “授人以鱼不如授人以渔”是本文作者想要表达的思想。 如何才能够 真正使穷人摆脱贫困?给他们金银珠宝吗?他们会很快花光的;给他们一定数 量的食物来维持生计吗?他们总有一天会吃完的;应该给他们耕种的工具和种 子,这样他们才能真正摆脱贫苦! 26. 【解析】 选 D。 考查名词词义。 loss“损失”; expectation“期盼; 盼望”: success“成 功”;problem“问题”。句意:只有富人才没什么问题。 27.【解析】选 B。考查上下文呼应。根据 42 空后面的 travelling quickly 可知答 案为 B。
- 28 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

28.【解析】选 B。句意:三个富人和他们的仆人们一起在路上旅行时经过一个 非常贫穷的小村庄。 29.【解析】选 C。句意:第一个富人无法忍受看到这样的贫困状态,所以他拿 出了所有的金子和珠宝和村民们分享。两个分句之间表示因果关系,故选 so。 30.【解析】选 A。share them out among the villagers,其中 them 指的是 gold and jewels。 31.【解析】选 B。考查形容词词义。其中 curious 意为“好奇的”;worrying“令人 担忧的”;dangerous“危险的”;puzzling“令人迷惑的”。句意:第二个富人看到令 人担忧的状况之后,停了下来把所有的食物和饮用水给了村民。 32.【解析】选 A。根据上下句可知,这里应该是把食物送给“村民们”。 33.【解析】选 A。句意:因为他知道,钱对于这些村民而言几乎没有什么用处。 此处 could 表示“能”。 34.【解析】选 C。be of little use to sb.意为“对某人来说几乎没什么用处”。 35.【解析】选 D。句意:他确保每个人获得合理的份额。receive“得到”;offer“提 供”;gain“取得”;return“归还”。 36.【解析】选 B。考查动词词义。句意:他确保每人获得合理的份额,这样就 能够维持一段时间了。last“维持;持续”;remain“依旧;仍然”;supply“提供”; share“分享;承担”。 37.【解析】选 D。本题考查短语含义。句意:第三个富人,看到这种状况,加 快了行进的速度, 而且是直接穿过村庄一点也没有停下来。speed up“加速”;turn back“转过来”;set out“着手、出发”;show off “炫耀”。 38.【解析】选 A。根据上下文此处指的是“穿过村庄”。 39.【解析】选 B。句意:另外两个富人从远处看到这一切,互相评论说第三个
- 29 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

富人是多么缺少同情心。how 表示“多么;如何”。 40.【解析】选 A。此句为 it 作形式主语的句子。句意:他们去那里提供帮助是 一件很好的事情。根据句意选 A 项。 41.【解析】选 B。句意:不过,三天之后,他们又遇到了第三个富人。meet“遇 到”;welcome“欢迎”;persuade“说服”;accept“接受”。 42.【解析】选 A。承接上文,意思是“这个富人依旧是行程很快”,这与上文中 第 37 空相呼应。 43.【解析】选 B。此句与上面第一位富人和第二位富人的做法相对比。句意: 相反,他的马车里装的不是金子和贵重的东西,except for“除了”;instead of“相 反、取而代之”;apart from“除了……;除了……还”;along with“和,也”。 44.【解析】选 C。考查动词词义。句意:马车里装载着……。load“装载”,主语 通常为人;treasure“珍惜”;carry“扛着;背着……”;earn“挣;赢得”。 45.【解析】选 D。句意:马车上满是农耕的工具和一袋袋的种子。 Passage 8 (2011?新课标全国卷 ) In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory years ago. The professor 37 the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled 38 how many beans the jar 36 course about 20

with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to contained. After 39

shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, 40 answer, and went on saying, “You have just 42 your own senses.” 41

dry smile, announced the

an important lesson about science. That is: Never Twenty years later, the 43

could guess what the professor had in mind. He
- 30 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

44

himself, perhaps, as inviting his students to start an exciting

45

into an

unknown world invisible (无形的) to the through scientific 48

46 , which can be discovered only

47 . But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or even 49 to understand the world. And she 50

the invitation. She was just

that her firsthand experience could be the it was 52

51 . The professor, however, said that 53 for knowing and was 54 .”

. He was taking away her only

providing her with no substitute(替代). “I remember feeling small and The woman says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I afternoon, and I haven’t gone near science since.” 36.A.art 37.A.searched for 38.A.count 39.A.warning 40.A.ready 41. A.1earned 42. A.1ose 43. A.1ecturer 44. A.described 45. A. voyage 46. A. professor 47. A. model 48. A. hear 49. A.suggesting B.history B. looked at B. guess B. giving B. possible B. prepared B. trust B. scientist B. respected B. movement B.eye B.senses B. make B.beginning C. science C. got through C. report C. turning away C. correct C. taught C. sharpen C. speaker C. saw C. change C.knowledge C.spirit C.present C.pretending
- 31 -

55

the course the

D. math D. marched into D. watch D. listening to D. difficult D. taken D. show D. woman D. served D. rush D.light D.methods D.refuse D.waiting

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

50. A.believed 51. A.growth 52. A.firm 53. A.task 54. A.cruel 55. A.dropped

B.doubted B.strength B. interesting B.tool B.proud B.started

C. proved C.faith C.wrong C.success C.frightened C.passed

D.explained D.truth D.acceptable D.connection D.brave D.missed

【文章大意】本文主要讲述了一位女士对大约 20 年前第一次接触基础科学课程 的经历。在那堂课上,教授告诉学生不要相信自己的感觉。这深深地刺痛了当 年只有 17 岁的女生,因为她认为自己正开始了解世界,感觉是她唯一依赖的工 具,而教授却把它拿走了。这使她很害怕,当天下午就放弃了这门课程,至今 也没再走近科学。 36. 【解析】选 C。根据下文可知这位女士记起的是一堂基础科学课程。 37. 【解析】选 D。此处指教授走进演讲大厅。search for 寻找;look at 看;get through 完成,打通电话;march into(大步)走进。 38. 【解析】选 B。根据下一句中的 After 39 shouts of wildly wrong guesses 可知此处指教授让学生们猜有多少豆子。故选 B。 39. 【解析】选 D。根据句子结构可以看出第 39 个空中的动作应是教授发出的。 句意:听了学生的瞎猜之后,教授露出一个干瘪的笑。由此可知选 D。 40. 【解析】选 C。根据前面的 wildly wrong guesses 可知此处指教授给出正确的 答案。correct 正确的。 41. 【解析】选 A。learn an important lesson 表示“学到很重要的一课”。 42. 【解析】选 B。根据这个故事可知教授让学生不要相信自己的感觉。trust 相信。
- 32 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

43. 【解析】选 D。此处的 the woman 就是指第一段中的 a woman。根据下文也 可推断出,因为她提到 20 年前自己是一个 17 岁的女生。 44. 【解析】选 C。句意:他可能把自己看做是在邀请学生去探索未知世界。 describe…as…把……描述为;respect…as…把……尊为;see…as…把……看做; serve as 充当。 45. 【解析】 选 A。 此处应指“邀请学生开始令人激动的对未知世界的探索之旅”。 voyage 航行。 46. 【解析】 选 B。 an unknown world invisible to the eye 指眼睛看不到的未知世界。 47. 【解析】 选 D。 此处指眼睛看不到的未知世界只能通过科学的方法去发现 (而 不是通过感觉) 。 48.【解析】选 A。句意:但是这个 17 岁的女生不愿意接受邀请甚至听到这样的 邀请。 49.【解析】选 B。此处指她自己正开始了解世界。 50.【解析】选 A。 (因为她自己正开始了解世界)所以她相信她直接得到的经历 就是真实的。 51.【解析】选 D。根据第 50 个空的解析可知,此处表示“事实”。 52.【解析】选 C。根据上一段可知,教授认为不要相信感觉,因为感觉带来的 答案是错误的。所以此处选 C。 53.【解析】选 B。她认为教授把她依赖的唯一的工具即感觉拿走了。故选 B。 54.【解析】选 C。根据女士的描述可知,她当时认为自己很渺小,很害怕。 55.【解析】选 A。drop 在此表示“丢弃,中断,停止”。 Passage 9 (2011?重庆卷) 请阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项 (A、 B、
- 33 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。 My father brought home a sailboat when I was ten, and almost each Sunday in summers we would go sailing. Dad was quite skilled in sailing, but not good at As for me, I 37 both before twelve because of living close to Lake Ontario. 38 . It was a perfect 39 Dad to go sailing. 41 36 .

The last time Dad and I set sail together is really weekend after I graduated from university. I came home and

Out we set soon on the 40 lake. Dad hadn’t sailed for years, but everything well with the tiller(舵柄)in his hands. When we were in the middle of the lake, a The boat was hit moment he 45 . “John! hands. In my memory he could fix any 47 . He was the one I always

42 wind came all of a sudden. 44 , but at this

43 . Dad was always at his best in any

46 !” he shouted in a trembling voice, with the tiller still in his

48 for

strength and security. Before I could respond, a rushed to the tiller

49 of water got into the boat. I 51 the

50 it was too late. Another huge wall of water

boat in a minute. We were thrown into the water, and Dad was struggling aimlessly. At that moment, I felt fiercely 52 of him. I swam to Dad 53 and assisted him in climbing onto the hull(船壳)of the 54 .

boat. Upon sitting on the hull, Dad was a little awkward about his flash of “It’s all right, Dad. We are safe now,” I comforted him.

That was the first time Dad had counted on me in a moment of emergency. More
- 34 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

importantly, I found it was my turn to start 36. A. boating 37. A. enjoyed 38. A. unforgivable 39. A. sent 40. A. calm 41. A. finished 42. A. strong 43. A.repeatedly 44. A. danger 45. A. suffered 46. A. Look 47. A. problem 48. A. turned to 49. A. fountain 50. A. if 51. A. got through 52. A. ashamed 53. A. hopelessly 54. A. pain 55. A. making up B. running B. desired B. unforgettable B. ordered B. icy B. went B. gentle B. lightly B. place B. fell B. Help B. relationship B. lived with B. stream B. for B. poured into B. protective B. quickly B. anger B. getting ready

55 for my father. C. swimming C. hated C. cheerful C. invited C. stormy C. seemed C. cold C. hardly C. sport C. froze C. Run C. machine C. argued with C. shower C. after C. turned over C. tired C. slowly C. fear C. paying off D. teaching D. learned D. regretful D. allowed D. thundery D. sounded D. hot D. violently D. job D. withdrew D. Jump D. boat D. objected to D. wave D. but D. lifted up D. afraid D. helplessly D. shame D. looking out

【文章大意】父亲在孩子心目中一直都是伟岸的形象,但是一次外出活动中,
- 35 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

孩子发现父亲也有害怕的时候,并帮助了父亲,由此感到自己长大了,可以回 报父亲了,本文体现了浓浓的父子之情,内容感人。 36. 【解析】 选 C。 由倒数第三段倒数第二句 We were thrown into the water, and Dad was struggling aimlessly.以及倒数第二段第一句 I swam to Dad 可以看出,父亲虽 然擅长划船,但是不会游泳,故选 C。 37.【解析】选 D。虽然父亲不擅长游泳,但是我住在安大略湖湖边,因此十二 岁之前我就学会了划船和游泳,故选 D。 38. 【解析】选 B。由下文描述的那次惊险的划船经历可以看出,经历是难以忘 怀的,故选 B。 39.【解析】选 C。我毕业回家后邀请父亲去划船,其余选项不符合对父亲的态 度,故选 C。 40.【解析】选 A。由下一段描述突遭风暴可以看出,刚开始在湖上划船时是风 平浪静的,故选 A。 41.【解析】选 B。虽然父亲好几年没有划船了,但是他对舵柄还是掌控自如。 Everything went well 一切进展顺利,故选 B。 42.【解析】选 A。后面讲述了我们的船被掀翻了,可以看出风力很大,故选 A。 43.【解析】选 D。句意:当我们处在湖中央时风暴突袭,剧烈地碰撞着小船。 故选 D。 44.【解析】选 A。句意:父亲以前在任何危境中总能处在最佳状态,应对自如。 故选 A。 45.【解析】选 C。句意:但是这一次他却手足无措了。froze 是 freeze 的过去式, 意为“呆住了,手足无措”,故选 C。 46.【解析】选 B。父亲手里拿着舵柄却不知如何是好,因此向我呼救,由后面
- 36 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

颤抖着声音对我大喊可以看出选 B。 47.【解析】选 A。句意:在我记忆中,父亲能解决任何问题。故选 A。 48.【解析】选 A。句意:他是一个我一直可以去寻求力量与安全感的人。turn to sb. for...向某人寻求……,故选 A。 49. 【解析】 选 D。 句意: 我还没来得及回答, 一股水浪冲进了小船。A 项意为“喷 泉”;B 项意为“小溪”;C 项意为“淋浴”;D 项意为“海浪”,故选 D。 50.【解析】选 D。句意:我冲过去拿舵柄,但是已经太晚了。表示转折意义, 故选 D。 51.【解析】选 C。由后一句“我们被打落进水中”,可以看出前一句为“又一堵巨 大的水墙把小船打翻了”。故选 C。 52.【解析】选 B。看到父亲在水中无助地挣扎,我感觉要给予保护了。A 项意 为“羞耻的”; B 项意为“给予保护的”; C 项意为“劳累的”;D 项意为“害怕的”, 故选 B。 53.【解析】选 B。句意:我迅速游到父亲身边并帮他爬到船壳上去。故选 B。 54.【解析】选 C。父亲是无所不能的,不料这次却需要儿子的救助,因此对于 自己表现出的瞬间的恐惧感感到尴尬,A 项意为“疼痛”;B 项意为“生气”;D 项 意为“羞愧”。故选 C。 55.【解析】选 D。句意:更重要的是,我发觉该轮到我来照料父亲了。look out for“照料、留心”,故选 D。 Passage 10 (2011?湖北卷) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The young woman entered the pool where an injured dolphin( 海 豚 ) was
- 37 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

swimming. Despite her fear, she felt strong wearing her new leg. In her second grade, Maja 31 her cousin,Jasmina. After Jasmina’s death, 32 with a dolphin, an animal that

Maja swore she would honor the little girl by both girls I 34 33

.”Jasmina never got the chance to do it, ” says Maja, now 32,“ so

that someday I’d do it for her.” 35 about sports. she even planned to become an 37

In high school, Maja was athlete. her left leg. After two years’ 38 的)leg, but 39

36 , in 1993,during the civil war in her home country, a bomb

in the U.S., Maja received her first artificial (人造 40 , 41

it didn’t fit well, walking for Maja was very painful.

she managed to graduate from a local high school. Then after receiving a from Saint Francis University, she got a job at an insurance firm and her own company. To relax,Maja 43 42

started

often watch the dolphins play at an aquarium (水族

馆)near her home. A young dolphin ,Winter, who had lost its tail, caught her 44 . One day, Maja happened to see trainers 45 Winter with a high-tech tail. 46 . She

When they were done,Winter swam freely in the water. Maja was

managed to find the inventors of Winter’s tail. Within ten days, she had a new leg which freed her of the 47 that had troubled her for almost 16 years. 48 . She went to the aquarium, lowered 49 , then

Now Maja was ready to keep her

herself into the pool and held out a hand to Winter, who approached swam away. After a few minutes, the dolphin let Maja two began to swim around the pool together.
- 38 -

50

its back. Finally, the

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

31. A .lost 32. A. talking 33. A. adored 34. A. pretended 35. A. positive 36. A. Undoubtedly 37.A. took away 38.A. study 39.A. until 40.A. Otherwise 41.A. scholarships 42.A. gradually 43. A. might 44.A. eye 45.A. decorating 46. A. inspired 47.A. worry 48.A. appointment 49.A. blindly 50.A. strike

B. visited B. living B. adopted B. decided B. enthusiastic

C.rescued C. swimming C. possessed C. preferred C. particular C. Strangely C. cut down C. treatment C. although C. Besides C. prize C. eventually C. could C. nose C. marking C. shocked C. pain C. record C. gratefully C. touch

D. left D. surfing D. purchased D. agreed D. curious D. Unfortunately D. cut out D. experiment D. if D. However D. notice D. naturally D. would D. hand D. fitting D. amused D. fear D. habit D. cautiously D. wipe

B. Surprisingly B. took over B. operation B. because B. Therefore B. degree B. actually B. should B. leg B. guiding B. puzzled B. sadness B. promise B. angrily B. cover

【文章大意】玛雅二年级时表妹去世,她发誓要和海豚一起游泳来纪念表妹。 虽然高中时她被炸弹炸断了左腿,但她仍然努力完成了学业,并有了自己的事 业。一次她在水族馆看见训练员给一个海豚安装高科技尾巴给她带来了灵感,
- 39 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

最终使她找到适合自己的假肢,并实现了自己的誓言——和海豚一起游泳。 31.【解析】选 A。玛雅失去了她的表妹。由下句 After Jasmina’s death...可知。 32.【解析】选 C。玛雅发誓她会通过和海豚一起游泳来纪念她的表妹。 33.【解析】选 A。两个女孩都喜欢的动物。adore “喜欢”;adopt “采用”;possess “拥有”;purchase “购买”。 34.【解析】选 B。因此我决定有一天我会为她做这件事。decide “决定”。 35.【解析】选 B。玛雅热衷于运动。由下句“她甚至打算成为一名运动员”可知。 be enthusiastic about 热衷于。 36.【解析】选 D。由下文中炸弹夺走了她的左腿,可知此处应填 unfortunately。 37.【解析】选 A。考查短语辨析。take away “拿走”;take over“接管,接办”; cut down“削减,压缩”;cut out“删去,停止”。 38.【解析】选 C。经过两年在美国的治疗,玛雅收到了她的第一个假腿。 39.【解析】选 B。此处的“假腿不是很合适”与下句“走路对玛雅来说很痛苦”为 因果关系。故选 because。 40.【解析】选 D。然而,她经过努力从当地的一所高中毕业。however“然而”。 41. 【解析】 选 B。 得到 Saint Francis 大学的学位。 degree “学位”; scholarship “奖 学金”。 42.【解析】选 C。她在保险公司找到了一份工作,乃至最后开始经营自己的公 司。此处注意动词的演变,由 Then…receiving a_______…到 …got a job… ,“最 后是”started her own company。 43.【解析】选 D。为了放松,玛雅经常去她家附近的水族馆看海豚表演。would 表示过去经常性、习惯性的动作。 44.【解析】选 A。catch one’s eye “引起某人的注意”。
- 40 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

45. 【解析】 选 D。 玛雅碰巧看到训练员给海豚安装高科技的尾巴。 fit sb. with sth. 向某人提供所需的东西(如装备、设备、衣服等) 。 46.【解析】选 A。玛雅受到启发。inspire“启发;鼓舞”。由下文去找海豚尾巴的 发明者可知。 47.【解析】选 C。她有了一个新的假腿,这个假腿摆脱了困扰她 16 年的疼痛。 pain“疼痛”;worry“担忧”;sadness“悲伤”;fear“害怕”。 48.【解析】选 B。keep one’s promise “信守诺言”。由第二段中发誓要和海豚一 起游泳来纪念表妹,可知此处是信守诺言。 49.【解析】选 D。海豚小心地向她靠近,然后游开。cautiously “谨慎地”;blindly “盲目地”;angrily“生气地”;gratefully“感激地”。 50.【解析】选 C。过了几分钟,海豚允许玛雅抚摸它的背。

(二) 说明文
(2011?全国卷Ⅱ) There are times when people are so tired that they fall asleep almost anywhere. We can see there is a lot of sleeping on the bus or train on the in the evenings. A man will be as if he is trying to 25 next to him. 24 26 22 21 home from work 23

the newspaper, and seconds later it

it. Or he will fall asleep on the shoulder of the stranger place where unplanned short sleep 28 27 is in the

lecture hall where a student will start snoring(打鼾)so has to ask another student to 29

that the professor

the sleeper awake. A more embarrassing(尴 30 32 of the of the

尬)situation occurs when a student starts falling into sleep and the head pushes the arm off the 31 , and the movement carries the 33

body along. The student wakes up on the floor with no
- 41 -

of getting there. The

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

worst time to fall asleep is when

34 . Police reports are full of 36

35

that 37 ,

occur when people fall into sleep and go

the road. If the drivers are

they are not seriously hurt. One woman’s car, up in four feet of 39

38 , went into the river. She woke

and thought it was raining. When people are really

40 ,nothing will stop them from falling asleep — no matter where they are. 21. A. way 22. A. buying 23. A. acts 24. A. open 25. A. lying 26. A. Next 27. A. goes on 28. A. bravely 29. A. leave 30. A. size 31. A. cushion 32. A. action 33. A. memory 34. A. thinking 35. A. changes 36. A. up 37. A. lucky 38. A. in time B. track B. folding B. shows B. eat B. waiting B. Every B. ends up B. happily B. shake B. shape B. desk B. position B. reason B. working B. events B. off B. awake B. at first
- 42 -

C. path C. delivering C. appears C. find C. talking C. Another C. lasts C. loudly C. keep C. weight C. shoulder C. rest C. question C. walking C. ideas C. along C. calm C. as usual

D. road D. reading D. sounds D. finish D. sitting D. One D. returns D. carelessly D. watch D. strength D. book D. side D. purpose D. driving D. accidents D. down D. strong D. for example

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

39. A. dust 40. A. tired

B. water B. drunk

C. grass C. lonely

D. bush D. lazy

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章从学生非常熟悉的在回家的车上睡觉, 到课堂上睡觉的场景,再到驾车时睡觉这些例子来表达当人累的时候在任何地 方都会睡着这一观点。 21.【解析】选 A。on the way home 为固定短语,表示“在回家的路上”,此句表 达了我们会看到晚上下班在回家的汽车或火车上睡觉的情景。根据句意选择 A。 22.【解析】选 D。看报纸我们通常表达成 read the newspaper。buy “买”;fold “折 叠”;deliver newspaper “送报”。根据句意选择 D。 23.【解析】选 C。句型“it appears as if…”表示“看起来好像……”,符合句意。act “行动”;show “显示”;sound “听起来”。 24.【解析】选 B。此句描述了在车上看报犯困的场景。手里拿着报纸而犯困时 头不断往下低, 就像是要吃报纸一样。open “打开”;eat “吃”;find “找到”;finish “完成”。 25.【解析】选 D。此句场景发生在车上,故这里的陌生人指“坐”在旁边的陌生 人,故选择 sitting。lie “躺”;wait “等待”;talk “谈论”。 26.【解析】选 C。同样因为累而睡着的地方很多,在这里又提到了另外一个, 所以指三者或三者以上中的另外一个用 another。 next “下一个”; every “每一个”; one “一个”。 27. 【解析】 选 A。 此题考查动词和动词短语。 此句中的 where unplanned short sleep goes on 指“无计划的小睡发生的地方”。go on “发生”;end up “以……结束,最 终成为”;last “持续”;return “返还,回来”。 28.【解析】选 C。从后半句教授不得不叫另外一位学生把他叫醒说明打鼾声“很
- 43 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

大”,故用 loudly。bravely “勇敢地”;happily “高兴地”;carelessly “粗心地,马 虎地”。 29.【解析】选 B。本句是说教授叫另外一位学生把睡觉的学生叫醒。根据常识 一般是推他一下,所以选择 shake“摇晃”最合适。leave “离开,使……处于…… 状态”;keep “保持……状态”;watch “观看”。 30.【解析】选 C。这是我们学生非常熟悉的场景。在课堂上用胳膊撑着头瞌睡, 当然是撑着头的“重量”, 也就是 weight。 size “尺寸, 大小”; shape “形状”; strength “力量”。 31.【解析】选 B。指胳膊被推离了桌子,所以选择 desk。 32.【解析】选 C。这句话是说头的重量把胳膊推离了桌子而带动了身体的其余 部分。the rest of “其余的……”。 33.【解析】选 A。学生打瞌睡是无意识的,所以当醒来时对于自己是如何到地 板上的是没有任何印象的,故选择 memory “记忆”。 34.【解析】选 D。这里又讲述了另外一个例子,就是开车的时候因为瞌睡而发 生的事故。此题根据下文可知是指开车时,故选择 driving。 35.【解析】选 D。开车时因瞌睡发生的事故,所以选择 accidents。 36. 【解析】 选 B。 此句指的是因瞌睡把车驶离公路的情景。go off 在这里表示“驶 离”。go up “上升”;go along “沿着”;go down “下降”。 37.【解析】选 A。后半句说“they are not seriously hurt”,在行车事故中受伤不严 重当然是很幸运的(lucky) 。 38.【解析】选 D。后面讲述的这位妇女是幸运司机中的一位,因而是举例子, 用 for example。in time “及时”;at first “首先”;as usual “像往常一样”。 39.【解析】选 B。由前句中表达的情景 “...went into the river”可判断此空选择
- 44 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

water。 40.【解析】选 A。此句话与文章首句相照应,表达了当人累的时候无论在什么 地方什么事情都不能阻止他们入睡的观点。

(三) 夹叙夹议文
Passage 1 (2011?湖南卷) People in communities have slowly been pushed apart through the years, mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “hello”. After considering this phenomenon, I decided I was going to things. My 37 came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed 38 her books out of her locker. Thinking like most that someone 39 36 the way I was doing

by a girl who

else would help her pick them up, I continued my way. However, when I had to

because I stupidly forgot my book, I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself. No one had stopped to 40 her.

“OK,” I thought to myself, “this is where I should have changed.” My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man himself waiting for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and began a 41 by 42 .

It was difficult to get started, and even when I had to say goodbye, almost every 43 him? People aren’t used to making an matter how it possible. I 45 46 44 chat with a stranger. But a change, no from my new friend had a tone(语气) of doubt in it. And who could blame

it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to
- 45 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

make someone’s day a little brighter. Together, we can really make society come 47 as a whole. B. explain B. doubt B. dropped B. stand by B. greet B. walking B. lesson B. response C. learn C. wish C. got C. go back C. help C. riding C. report C. cry C. unforgettable C. simply C. order C. closer D. show D. opportunity D. pulled D. turn up D. praise D. running D. conversation D. story D. unfinished D. widely D. advise D. slower

36. A. change 37. A. trouble 38. A. took 39. A. come out 40. A. please 41. A. sitting 42. A. discussion 43. A. joke

44. A. unchangeable B. unprepared 45. A. desperately 46. A. allow 47. A. later B. frequently B. warn B. straighter

【文章大意】 本文属于夹叙夹议的文章。 “我”发现社区的人们由于不愿花时间来 互相打声招呼而关系淡漠,缺乏信任,“我”决定改变这一现象。“我”的两次尝试 都未成功。但“我”建议大家从自己的安逸区走出来,让大家的关系更贴近一些。 36. 【解析】选 A。考查动词。面对这一现象,我决定改变(change)我做事的 方式。后文第三段 this is where I should have changed 有暗示。 37. 【解析】 选 D。 考查名词。 根据后文第四段 My best opportunity came a few days later 和前文提到我决定改变(change)我做事的方式,说明我(改变)的机会 (opportunity)来了。 38. 【解析】 选 B。 考查动词。 根据后文 Thinking like most that someone else would
- 46 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

help her pick them up,说明我碰到一个女孩,她的书从书柜里掉了(dropped) 出来。 39. 【解析】选 C。考查短语动词。根据后文 I stupidly forgot my book 可知,我 不得不回去(go back) 。 40. 【解析】 选 C。 考查动词。 由前文的 I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself 可以看出,没有人帮助(help)她。 41. 【解析】选 A。考查动词。根据后文 I sat down next to him 可知,我看见一 个男子独自坐在(sitting)那里等图书馆开门。 42. 【解析】选 D。考查名词。我坐在他旁边开始交谈(conversation) 。后文的 making an 44 chat 是很好的暗示。

43. 【解析】选 B。考查名词。我这位新朋友对我的每一个反应(response)都存 有疑虑。 44. 【解析】 选 B。 考查形容词。 人们不习惯于和陌生人进行无准备的 (unprepared) 聊天。 45. 【解析】选 A。考查副词。不管人们交往的方式多么迫切地(desperately) 需要改变,但就是很难改变。 46. 【解析】选 D。考查动词。我建议(advise)大家从自己的安逸区走出来, 让他人的日子更阳光一点。 47. 【解析】选 C。考查形容词。我们共同努力就能让整个社会的关系变得更加 亲密(closer) 。 Passage 2 (2011?天津卷) A Love Note to My Mom When I was a little girl, I would often accompany you as you modeled for
- 47 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

fashion photographers. It was years later that I finally understood what role modeling 16 18 in your life. Little did I know you were school. I cannot thank you enough for 19 you told me one autumn afternoon when I 17 every penny you earned to go to

was nine. After finishing my homework, I wandered into the dining room where you were buried 20 piles of law books. I was 21 .Why were you doing what I

do—memorizing textbooks and studying for

22 ?When you said you were in law 23 be lawyers too. You smiled

school, I was more puzzled. I didn’t know Moms

and said,“In life, you can do anything you want to do.” As young as I was, that statement kept faced the still being a 27 25 26 24 in my ears. I watched as you

of completing your studies, starting companies with Dad, while and a Mom of five kids. I was exhausted just watching you 28 mind, I suddenly felt unlimited

.With your words of wisdom in my

freedom to dream. My whole world

29 . I set out to live my life filled with

30 ,seeing endless possibilities for personal and professional achievements. Your words became my motto. I 31 found myself in the unique position of 32 one of the few

being either the first (woman doctor in Maryland Rotary)

women (chief medical reporters) in my field. I gained strength every time I said , “Yes. I’ll try that.” Encouraged by your 33 , I have forged ahead (毅然前行) with my life’s 34 meeting each challenge. You did

journey, less afraid to make mistakes, and it, and now I’m 16. A. found 35

it. Sorry, got to run. So much to do, so many dreams to live. B. played C. kept
- 48 -

D. provided

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

17. A. saving 18. A. business 19. A. what 20. A. at 21. A. amused 22. A. role 23. A. must 24. A. ringing 25. A. choices 26. A. professor 27. A. in danger 28. A. weak 29. A. came back 30. A. hope 31. A. constantly 32. A. and 33. A. description 34. A. secretly 35. A. doing

B. making B. fashion B. that B. to B. worried B. tests B. ought to B. blowing B. chances B. doctor B. in action B. powerful B. closed down B. hardship B. shortly B. but B. statement B. curiously B. considering

C. donating C. law C. which C. upon C. puzzled C. positions C. need C. falling C. challenges C. reporter C. in trouble C. youthful C. went by C. harmony C. hardly C. or C. praise C. carelessly C. correcting

D. receiving D. medical D. where D. under D. disappointed D. shows D. could D. beating D. changes D. model D. in charge D. empty D. opened up D. sadness D. nearly D. for D. introduction D. eagerly D. reading

【文章大意】本文是篇夹叙夹议文。作者讲述母亲努力工作,刻苦学习,精心 持家,从母亲身上学到了许多做人做事的道理,从而影响了作者的一生。体现 了只要努力没有办不到的事的道理。 16.【解析】选 B。句意为:多年后我终于明白在你的一生中你在扮演什么样的
- 49 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

角色。根据上文 role 得出。 17.【解析】选 A。根据下文 to go to 18 school 为了去上……学校得出应该

是存钱,此句是倒装句,句意为:我一点也不知道你把所挣的每一分钱都存起 来是为了上……学校。 making“ 赚 ” ,与下文 earned 重复; donating“ 捐献 ” ; receiving“接受”。 18.【解析】选 C。根据下文 piles of law books 得出。 19.【解析】选 A。此处考查的是名词性从句。for 后面接了一个 what 引导的宾 语从句,引导词 what 在句中作 told 的宾语,其他选项不起这样的作用。 20.【解析】选 D。be buried under piles of law books 埋头于法律书中,under 在此 处意思是“在……中”,相当于 in。 21.【解析】选 C。be puzzled 感到迷惑。由下文中 Why were you doing what I do 得出。 22.【解析】选 B。根据下文母亲上了法律学校,可知母亲学习是在为考试做准 备。 23. 【解析】 选 D。 此句意思是“我不知道母亲也能当律师”。 must“必须”; ought to“应 该”;need “需要”;could “可能,能够”,表示可能性或能力,故选 D。 24.【解析】选 A。keep ringing in my ears 一直回响在我的耳畔。此句有承上启下 的作用。blow “吹”;full “下落”;beat “击打”,都不符合句意。 25.【解析】选 C。上文说到母亲是自学考上了法律学校,根据常识在学习上会 遇到很多困难。 choice “选择”; chance “机会”; challenge “难事, 挑战”; change “变 化”。 26.【解析】选 D。由上文以及 still“仍然”得出,作者的母亲仍然是位模特。 27.【解析】选 B。此句意思是我看到你在那里忙活就感到累。上文提到母亲既
- 50 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

学习又当模特还是五个孩子的母亲以及 I was exhausted 得出选 B。in danger “处 于危险中”;in action “在行动”;in trouble“处于麻烦中”;in charge“掌管”。 28.【解析】选 C。in my youthful mind 意思是在我幼小的心灵里,由上文 when I was nine 和 As young as I was 得出。 29.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语辨析。come back “回来”;close down “关闭”; go by “过去,经过”;open up “打开”。由上句 I suddenly felt unlimited freedom to dream.我突然感到对梦想的无限的自由,所以我的整个世界都打开了。故选 D。 30. 【解析】 选 A。 filled with hope 充满希望。 由上文 I suddenly felt unlimited freedom to dream 得出。hardship “艰难”;harmony “和谐”;sadness “悲伤”。 31.【解析】选 A。由下文 I gained strength every time I said,“Yes. I’ll try that”得 出。constantly“经常地,不断地”符合句意。句意为:我经常发现自己处于独特 的位置。shortly “不久”;hardly “几乎不”;nearly “几乎”,都不符合句意。 32.【解析】选 C。此题考查的是固定搭配 either...or...“要么……要么……,既…… 又……”。 33.【解析】选 B。由上文 that statement kept 述,称赞或介绍”。 34. 【解析】 选 D。 eagerly“热切地”。 由上文 unlimited, filled with hope, gained strength 等文字提供的信息得出选 D。而不是“秘密地,好奇地或粗心地”。 35.【解析】选 A。由上句 You did it 得出“现在我在这样做着”。其他选项“在考 虑,在纠正,在读”均不符合句意。 Passage 3 (2011?上海卷) Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases
- 51 -

24

in my ears 得出。而不是“描

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that fits the context. Everyone in business has been told that success is all about attracting and retaining (留住) customers. It sounds simple and achievable. But, 50 , words of

wisdom are soon forgotten. Once companies have attracted customers they often 51 the second half of the story. In the excitement of beating off the competition,

negotiating prices, securing orders, and delivering the product, managers tend to become carried away. They forget what they regard as the boring side of business — 52 that the customer remains a customer. 53 to concentrate on retaining as well as attracting customers costs business

huge amounts of money annually. It has been estimated that the average company loses between 10 and 30 per cent of its customers every years. In constantly changing 54 , this is not surprising. What is surprising is the fact that few companies have any idea how many customers they have lost. Only now are organizations beginning to wake up to those lost opportunities and calculate the 55 implications. Cutting down the number of customers a company 56 in its performance. Research in the US found that a 57

loses can make a big

five per cent decrease in the number of defecting (流失的) customers led to increases of between 25 and 85 per cent.

In the US, Domino’s Pizza estimates that a regular customer is worth more than $5,000 over ten years. A customer who receives a poor quality product or service on their first visit and in 59 58 never returns, is losing the company thousands of dollars

profits (more if you consider how many people they are likely to tell

about their bad experience).
- 52 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

The logic behind cultivating customer

60

is impossible to deny. “In practice

most companies’ marketing effort is focused on getting customers, with little attention paid to 61 them”, says Adrian Payne of Cornfield University’ School

of Management. “Research suggests that there is a close relationship between retaining customers and making profits. 62 customers tend to buy more, are

predictable and usually cost less to service than new customers. Furthermore, they tend to be less price 63 , and may provide free word-of-mouth advertising. 64 for competitors to enter a market or

Retaining customers also makes it increase their share of a market. 50.A. in particular 51.A. emphasize 52.A. denying 53.A. Moving 54.A. markets 55.A. culture 56.A. promise 57.A. cost 58.A. as a result 59.A. huge 60.A. beliefs 61.A. altering 62.A. Assumed 63.A. agreeable B. in reality B. doubt B. ensuring B. Hoping B. tastes B. social B. plan

C. at least C. overlook C. arguing C. Starting C. prices C. financial C. mistake C. profit C. in conclusion C. extra C. habits C. keeping C. Established C. friendly
- 53 -

D. first of all D. believe D. proving D. Failing D. expenses D. economical D. difference D. budget D. on the contrary D. reasonable D. interest D. attracting D. Unexpected D. sensitive

B. opportunity B. on the whole B. potential B. loyalty B. understanding B. Respected B. flexible

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

64.A. unfair

B. difficult

C. essential

D. convenient

【文章大意】在激烈的市场竞争中,谁能留住客户谁就能发展壮大,看看本文 是如何看待留住客户的。 50.【解析】选 B。in reality 相当于 in fact 事实上,根据前后句意:这听起来非 常简单也易行,但是事实上,智慧的语言很快就会被遗忘。in reality 在这里用于 进一步说明事实的真相。in particular 特别,尤其;at least 至少;first of all 首先。 利用排除法,所以选 B。 51.【解析】选 C。 根据前两句可知,一旦公司吸引了客户,他们经常忘记这个 故事的第二部分,即留住客户。所以选 C。overlook 忽略;emphasize 强调,重 视;doubt 怀疑;believe 相信,认为。 52.【解析】选 B。破折号后面的 “ 52 that the customer remains a customer”

是用来解释说明前面的 “what they regard as the boring side of business”所说的内 容的,故根据句意“确保客户仍然是客户”可知选 B 项。ensure 确保;deny 否定, 拒绝;argue 辩论;prove 证明。 53.【解析】选 D。根据上文再联系本句可知给公司造成重大损失的原因是没能 够集中精力留住客户和吸引客户,fail to do sth.没能够做某事,符合句意,故选 D。 54.【解析】选 A。句意为:在不断变化的市场中,这不足为奇。故选 A。taste 口味;price 价格;expense 消费,开支。 55.【解析】选 C。句意为:到了现在组织才开始对这些丢失的机会醒悟过来并 开始计算其中的资金联系。culture 文化;social 社会的;financial 财政的,资金 的;economical 经济的。 56.【解析】选 D。make a big difference 有很大影响,有很大关系。
- 54 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

57.【解析】选 C。由第三段最后一句可知应该是“导致(产生)百分之二十五到 八十五的利润增长”。cost 费用,损失;opportunity 机会;profit 利润;budget 预 算。 58.【解析】选 A。句意为:假如客户第一次就接收到糟糕的产品或服务,结果 他不会再来, 这样公司失去成千上万的潜在的利润。 as a result 结果; on the whole 基本上,大体上;in conclusion 总之;on the contrary 正相反。 59.【解析】选 B。huge 巨大的;potential 潜在的;extra 额外的;reasonable 合理 的。 60.【解析】选 B。培育客户忠诚度背后的逻辑是不可能否认的。belief 信任,信 仰;loyalty 忠诚;habit 习惯;interest 兴趣。 61.【解析】选 C。句意为:事实上,大多数公司的市场努力集中在赢得客户, 而很少关心留住他们。alter 改变;understand 理解;keep 留住;attract 吸引。 62.【解析】选 C。句意为:固定的客户往往买更多的产品,有预测性,在服务 方面通常比新客户花费得少。assumed 假装的,假定的;respected 受尊敬的; established 已建立的,固定下来的;unexpected 意外的,预料不到的。 63.【解析】选 D。句意为:此外,固定的客户往往对价格不太敏感,他们可以 提供免费的口头广告。agreeable 令人愉快的,惬意的;flexible 灵活的;friendly 友好的;sensitive 敏感的。 64.【解析】选 B。句意为:挽留住客户也使竞争者很难进入市场或增长市场份 额。unfair 不公平的;difficult 困难的;essential 必要的,本质的;convenient 方 便的,便利的。 Passage 4 (2011?江苏卷) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最
- 55 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A boy was walking home from school when he saw a large, tempting (诱人的) apple on one of the branches of an apple tree hanging out over a tall fence. The boy wasn’t much of a fruit-eater, 36 a bar of chocolate if given the choice, 37 ,

as they say, the forbidden fruit can be tempting. Seeing the apple, the boy wanted it. The more he looked at it, the 38 he felt and the more he wanted that apple. as high as he could, but even at his tallest 41 up and down, as high as he could,

He stood on tiptoe (脚尖), 39 40 at the of

he was unable to touch it. He began to

42 of each jump stretching his arms to get the apple. Still it remained out 43 .

Not giving up, he thought, if only he had something to wouldn’t give enough height and he didn’t want to lunch box, pencil case, and Gameboy. Looking box, a rock, or, 47

44 on. His school bag

45 the things inside, like his

46 , he hoped he might find an old

luck, even a ladder, but it was a tidy neighbourhood and

there was nothing he could use. He had tried everything he could think to do. he gave up and started to walk 48 seeing any other choices,

49 . At first he felt angry and disappointed 50 , and how he really

thinking about how hungry he had become from his wanted that apple. The more he 52 51

like this, the more unhappy he became.

, the boy of our story was a pretty smart guy, even if he couldn’t always 53 . I don’t have

get what he wanted. He started to say to himself, “This isn’t the apple and I’m feeling miserable as well. There’s

54 more I can do to get the 55 our feelings.

apple—that is unchangeable—but we are supposed to be able to
- 56 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

If that’s the case, what can I do to feel better?” 36. A. preferring 37. A. so 38. A. sadder 39. A. expanding 40. A. strength 41. A. jump 42. A. tip 43. A. hope 44. A. put 45. A. break 46. A. up 47. A. for 48. A. After 49. A. back 50. A. wishes 51. A. thought 52. A. Therefore 53 .A. skilful 54. A. something 55. A. change B. offering B. then B. angrier B. stretching B. length B. look B. stage B. hand B. stand B. shake B. forward B. with B. Through B. away B. beliefs B. imagined B. However B. cheerful B. anything B. express C. receiving C. but C. hungrier C. swinging C. range C. walk C. top C. sight C. get C. take C. down C. on C .Without C. up C. efforts C. tried C. Moreover C. harmful C. everything C. forget D. allowing D. or D. tastier D. pulling D. height D. glance D. level D. reach D. hold D. strike D. around D. of D. Upon D. down D. goals D. claimed D. Otherwise D. helpful D. nothing D. describe

【文章大意】文章讲述了一个男孩企图得到一个苹果,但最终以失败结束。此 后他的心情发生转变:很多东西是无法得到的,这是既定不变的事实,我们无
- 57 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

法改变,但我们可以改变心情,难道这不是很好吗? 36.【解析】选 A。根据前文“他不爱吃水果”以及后文“如果给他选择的机会的话” 可推出男孩宁愿选择一块巧克力,prefer 宁愿,较喜欢,符合句意。 37.【解析】选 C。上一句“他不爱吃水果”和第二个分句“禁果是诱人的”可知两 个分句之间为转折关系,故选择表示转折关系的 but。so 表示因果关系;then 那 么,表示顺承关系;or 表示选择关系。 38.【解析】选 C。根据倒数第二段中的“…hungry…”的提示可知,他越看苹果, 越觉得饿,也就越想要它。 39.【解析】选 B。踮着脚尖去摘苹果,肯定使劲地向上伸展身体。stretch 伸展, 伸开;expand 膨胀,扩大;swing 摇摆,摇动;pull 拉。 40.【解析】选 D。伸着身体向上够东西,应该是从高度的角度去看的。 height 高度。strength “力量”;length “长度”;range “范围,幅度”,都与句意不符。 41.【解析】选 A。根据他正在做的事情以及副词 up and down 可知男孩在使劲地 向上跳跃。 42.【解析】选 C。根据本句的语境可知男孩在跳到最高处时,使劲地伸胳膊, 企图够到苹果。at the top of…在……的顶端。 43.【解析】选 D。尽管男孩使劲地跳,他仍然够不到苹果。out of reach 够不到。 44.【解析】选 B。男孩跳着够不到,自然会想办法找东西。根据下文“他要找一 个箱子”可知他要站到上面。stand 站立;put 放置;get 得到;hold 抓住。 45.【解析】选 A。根据下文提到书包里的东西可知他不想站在书包上,是因为 不想弄坏里面的东西。break 弄碎,符合句意。shake 晃动;take 拿;strike 打, 击。 46.【解析】选 D。他希望能找到他可以站的东西,所以要四处张望,看看周围
- 58 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

有没有。look around 向四周看。look up 向上看;look forward 向前看;look down 向下看。 47.【解析】选 B。句意为:……要是幸运的话,还可以找到梯子。with luck 是 固定短语,意为“要是幸运的话,但愿”。 48.【解析】选 C。根据上文说到他尝试了他想到的所有办法以及后文的他决定 要放弃,可知他已经无计可施,所以选择一个具有否定意义的词语 without。 49. 【解析】 选 B。 放弃之后, 就要离开树下, walk away 走开。 walk back, walk up, walk down 均与语境不符。 50.【解析】选 C。根据前文可知男孩由于一直在努力想要得到那一个苹果,跳 呀,蹦呀,所以他非常的饿。而其他几个选项(wish 愿望,belief 信念,goal 目 标)都不可能导致饥饿的感觉。 51.【解析】选 A。由于没有得到苹果,起初他很生气,失望。于是他越想越不 开心。think 想;imagine 想象;try 努力,企图;claim 声称。故选 A 项。 52.【解析】选 B。前一段小男孩非常伤心,失望。而下文提到男孩是非常聪明 的,能够从悲伤的情绪中走出来,可知两段之间是语义的转折关系,故选 However。A 项意为“因此”;C 项意为“此外”;D 项意为“否则,要不然”,都不 符合上下文的语境。 53.【解析】选 D。根据后文男孩的思想可知,在没办法改变的事实面前,自己 再悲观失望,也不起什么作用。helpful 有帮助的,起作用的,符合句意。skilful 熟练的;cheerful 高兴的;harmful 有害的。 54.【解析】选 D。根据下文的“that is unchangeable”可知男孩意识到自己已经没 有更多的可以做的了,因此需要一个否定词,故选 nothing。在肯定句中其他几 个选项没有否定概念,故可排除。
- 59 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

55.【解析】选 A。根据前面提到的“客观事实不能改变”,那么能改变的只有自 己的心情了。故选 change。 Passage 5 (2011?福建卷) Diana Velez does everything with maximum effort—and at maximum speed. That store. When arriving in Canada in 2008, she had one back home in Colombia. “I didn’t want to to a new country,” she said. “I to 40 myself properly.” 37 : to have what she had 36 learning a new language, completing two certificates and opening a

38 what I do, like so many who come

39 to open a store here in Canada but knew I had

Diana quickly realized that making her dream of shop ownership in Canada a 41 meant going to school to get the 42 education and certification. “My 43

experience of owning a shop and working as a designer in Colombia gave me in my abilities, but I couldn’t speak the language and I had to things in Canada. It was like having to 45

44 how to do

all over again, ” said Diana.

46 , she found just the help she needed for her relaunch (重新开张) 47 continuing education at George Brown College. She began taking 48 for both

the Essential Skills in Fashion Certificate and the Image Consulting Certificate in May 2009. 50 49 Diana met with the language barrier, she was always going

while at college. By the end of October 2009, she had completed all certificate requirements.

Within two years after her

51

in Canada, Diana at last achieved her

52

goal when her new store opened its doors in Toronto’s Sheppard Centre. She was on
- 60 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

the fast-track to

53 . 54 her achievements to the 55 , the efforts she

Looking back, Diana, a fashion(时装)designer,

goal she set, the education she received from the college, and made. Now Diana is very happy doing what she is doing. 36. A. requires 37. A. goal 38. A. continue 39. A. demanded 40. A. teach 41. A. reality 42. A. physical 43. A. pressure 44. A. put away 45. A. advance 46. A. Naturally 47. A. through 48. A. notes 49. A. Though 50. A. around 51. A. adventure 52. A. original 53. A. success 54. A. adds B. encourages B. memory B. choose B. decided B. prepare B. fact B. private B. judgement B. depend on B. start B. Gradually B. for B. responsibilities B. As B. back B. arrival B. common B. wealth B. connects
- 61 -

C. includes C. choice C. change C. agreed C. enjoy C. challenge C. primary C. influence C. learn about C. suffer C. Luckily C. before C. chances C. Since C. ahead C. performance C. another C. glory C. devotes

D. advises D. problem D. lose D. hesitated D. persuade D. wonder D. necessary D. confidence D. look into D. work D. Clearly D. with D. courses D. Once D. out D. journey D. distant D. happiness D. owes

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

55. A. after all

B. above all

C. at least

D. at first

【文章大意】戴安娜到了加拿大之后,想继续开一家商店,为了开店,她作了 充分的准备,最终梦想成真,戴安娜把自己的成就归功于目标,教育和努力。 36.【解析】选 C。根据动词后面的宾语列举的是戴安娜以最大的努力最快的速 度做的事情,即学习了一门语言,拿到了两个证书,开了一家商店,故答案应 该选 includes 包括。require 要求;encourage 鼓励;advise 建议。 37.【解析】选 A。根据后面的解释——拥有她在哥伦比亚老家拥有的东西,可 知应该是目标, 故答案选 A, 这个空根据 52 空后面的 goal 也可以选出。 memory 记忆;choice 选择;problem 问题。 38.【解析】选 C。根据第三段的第二句话可知,戴安娜在哥伦比亚的时候经营 商店,她现在到了加拿大不想改变原来所做的事情,决定在加拿大开一家商店, 故答案选 C。continue 继续;choose 选择;lose 失去。 39.【解析】选 B。戴安娜不想改变原来所做的事情,决定在加拿大开一家商店, 故答案选 B。demand 要求;agree 同意;hesitate 犹豫。 40.【解析】选 B。根据下文戴安娜为了开店做了很多的准备,所以此处应该是 戴安娜知道自己不得不准备充分,故答案选 B。teach 教;enjoy 欣赏;persuade 劝说。 41.【解析】选 A。句意为:使她在加拿大开店的梦想成真。realit 现实,故答案 选 A。fact 事实;challenge 挑战;wonder 奇迹。 42.【解析】选 D。句意为:要使她在加拿大开店的梦想成真,意味着要去学校 接受必要的教育, 并拿到证书。necessary 必要的,故答案选 D。physical 物理的; private 私人的;primary 初级的。 43.【解析】选 D。句意为:我在哥伦比亚拥有商店和设计师工作的经验给了我
- 62 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

自信, 相信自己的能力。 confidence 自信, 故答案选 D。 pressure 压力; judgement 判断力;influence 影响。 44.【解析】选 C。根据戴安娜不会讲加拿大的语言,可知她不得不了解在加拿 大如何做事情,learn about 了解,故答案选 C。put away 放在一边;depend on 依靠;look into 调查。 45.【解析】选 B。根据上句戴安娜不会讲加拿大的语言,任何事情都不得不学 习,可知,那就像任何事情不得不重新开始一样,故答案为B。advance 前进; suffer 遭受;work 工作。 46.【解析】选 C。上段提到她想开店碰到不少困难,下段讲的是她在大学里学 到了需要的知识并取得了证书,所以是幸运的,故答案选C。naturally 自然地; gradually 逐渐地;clearly 清晰地。 47.【解析】选 A。上半句是她发现了重新开张需要的帮助,下半句提到的是在 乔治布朗学院继续学习,很明显是方式,故选 A 项 through,意为“通过”。 48.【解析】选 D。根据下文提到的是为了两个证书可知,她开始学习课程,故 答案为 D。note 笔记;responsibility 责任;chance 机会。 49.【解析】选 A。考查分句间的关系。上半句是戴安娜遇到了语言上的障碍, 下半句是她总是在大学里领先,前后两句是转折关系,故答案选 A。 50.【解析】选 C。句意为:尽管戴安娜遇到了语言上的障碍,但是她总是在大 学里遥遥领先。go ahead 领先,取得进展,故答案选 C。go around 四处转转; go back 回去;go out 出去。 51.【解析】选 B。句意为:在她来到加拿大之后的两年里。arrival 到达,arrive 的名词形式,故答案为 B,此空根据第二段的第一句话也可选出。adventure 冒 险;performance 表演;journey 旅程。
- 63 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

52.【解析】选 A。句意为:戴安娜最后实现了她最初的梦想。因为时间已经 过去了两年,所以是 original 最初的,故答案选 A。common 普通的;another 另 一个;distant 遥远的。 53.【解析】选 A。句意为:她走了通向成功的捷径。这里主要谈到了她开店成 功的经历,没有谈及财富,荣誉和幸福,故答案选 A。 54.【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。句意为:戴安娜把她的成就归功于目标,教 育和努力。owe...to...把……归功于……,故答案为 D。add...to...把……加到 ……上;connect...to...把……连接到……;devote...to...把……投身于……。 55.【解析】选 B。句意为:最重要的是她做出的努力。above all 首先,最重要 的是,故答案为 B。after all 毕竟;at least 至少;at first 首先。 Passage 6 (2011?安徽卷) When I began planning to move to Auckland to study, my mother was worried about a lack of jobs and cultural differences. Ignoring these 36 , I got there in July 38 my living

2010. 37 I arrived, I realized the importance of getting a job expenses. Determined to do this for a job, but found 40

39 , I spent several weeks going door-to-door

response(回应). 41 there were any job

One afternoon, I walked into a building to ask

opportunities(机会). The people there advised me not to continue my job search in that 42 . As I was about to 43 , a man who had been listening approached me 44 . Nearly ten minutes later, he 45 . He asked

and asked me to wait outside

me about my plans and encouraged me to stay Royal Oak to 47 a job. 48
- 64 -

46 . Then he offered to take me to

I was a little surprised, but had a

feeling about him. Along the way, I

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

realized that I had

49

ré sumé s(简历). Seeing this, the man 51

50

at his

business partner’s office to make me fifteen 52 very

copies. He also gave me some

on dressing and speaking. I handed out my ré sumé s and went home feeling 53 . The following day, I received a 54 from a store in Royal Oak

offering me a job. It seems that the world always 55 to you when you need it. And this time, it

was a complete stranger who turned out to be a real blessing. 36. A. doubts 37. A. Even if 38. A. of 39. A. on my own 40. A. any 41. A. why 42. A. direction 43. A. answer 44. A. for ever 45. A. returned 46. A. silent 47. A. pick out 48. A. dull 49. A. made use of 50. A. stopped 51. A. right B. concerns B. Every time B. at B. on my way B. much B. wherever B. attitude B. work B. at any time B. hesitated B. busy B. search for B. good B. taken care of B. knocked B. more
- 65 -

C. instructions C. Now that C. for C. by any chance C. some C. whether C. language C. leave C. as usual C. passed C. positive C. take on C. guilty C. run out of C. glanced C. former

D. reasons D. Soon after D. with D. by the day D. little D. whenever D. manner D. refuse D. for a while D. regretted D. comfortable D. give up D. general D. become tired of D. appeared D. different

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

52. A. pressures 53. A. lonely 54. A. call 55. A. turns off

B. agreements B. funny B. tip B. goes over

C. impressions C. disappointed C. present C. gives back

D. suggestions D. satisfied D. report D. looks up

【文章大意】作者由于去国外学习,人地生疏,求职困难,生活无着落,但在 好心人的帮助下,顺利地找到了一份工作,于是感到了人间的真爱,生活的美 好。 36. 【解析】选 B。上文提到尽管作者的妈妈担心 a lack of jobs and cultural differences,作者也没有顾忌这些 concerns (忧虑,担心),而是于 2010 年 7 月到 了 Auckland。A 项为“怀疑”;C 项为“指示,说明”;D 项为“原因”。 37.【解析】选 D。作者到了 Auckland 后不久(soon after),就意识到了找工作的 重要性。A 项为“即使”;B 项为“每当,每次”;C 项为“既然,由于”。 38.【解析】选 C。作者意识到的是找工作以求生计。此处用介词 for 表示目的。 39.【解析】选 A。作者决心“独自”(on my own)去找工作,于是花了几周的时间 挨家挨户地去找。B 项为“在路途上,行动中,前进中”;C 项为“也许,可能”; D 项为“按日,按日计算”。 40.【解析】选 D。尽管作者挨家挨户地去找工作,但是回复的“不多”,故选择 little。此项的关键是转折连词 but。 41.【解析】选 C。一天,作者走进一座大楼去问“是否”(whether)有自己能做的 工作。A 项为“为什么”;B 项为“无论在哪儿”;D 项为“无论何时”。 42.【解析】选 D。那里的人建议我不要再以那种“方式” (manner)找工作。A 项 为“方向”;B 项为“态度”;C 项为“语言”。 43.【解析】选 C。此处寻找工作未果,作者正要“离开”(leave)。A 项为“回答”;
- 66 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

B 项为“工作”;D 项为“拒绝”。 44.【解析】选 D。那里有一个人一直在听我说话,这时他走到我跟前,要我在 外面等“一会儿”(for a while)。A 项为“永远”;B 项为“在任何时候”;C 项为“像往 常一样,照例”。 45.【解析】选 A。大约十分钟后,他“回来”(return)了。B 项为“犹豫”;C 项为“过 去,通过”;D 项为“后悔”。 46.【解析】选 C。他问了问我的打算, 鼓励我要振作起来,不要灰心。A 项为“沉 默不语的”;B 项为“忙碌的”;C 项为“积极乐观的,有信心的”;D 项为“舒适的, 舒服的”。 47.【解析】选 B。然后他主动提出带我去 Royal Oak“寻找”(search for)一份工作。 A 项为“挑选出”;C 项为“承担;接纳;雇用”;D 项为“放弃”。 48.【解析】选 B。作者对他的主动帮助感到有点惊奇,但是对他充满了“好感” (good feeling)。 A 项为“枯燥无味的, 无趣的”; C 项为“内疚的”; D 项为“一般的, 普通的”。 49.【解析】选 C。在路上,我意识到简历“用完”(run out of)了。A 项为“使用, 利用”;B 项为“照顾,照管”;D 项为“对……感到厌烦”。此处注意 A 项和 C 项: A 项强调使用的过程,而 C 项强调使用的结果,即“用完,用光”。 50.【解析】选 A。看到这个情况,他在他生意伙伴的办公室“停”(stop)了下来。 B 项为“敲打,敲击”;C 项为“扫视,匆匆一瞥”;D 项为“出现,露面”。 51. 【解析】 选 B。 他“又”给我印了 15 份简历。 此处数字后用 more 表示“再, 又” 。 52. 【解析】 选 D。 他又针对我的穿衣和说话提了些“建议”(suggestions)。 A 项为“压 力”;B 项为“协议,契约”;C 项为“印象”。 53.【解析】选 D。我分发完简历回到家感到非常“满意”(satisfied)。A 项为“寂寞
- 67 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

的,孤独的”;B 项为“滑稽的,可笑的”;C 项为“失望的,沮丧的”。 54.【解析】选 A。第二天,我收到 Royal Oak 的一家商店打来的“电话”(call), 提供给我一份工作。B 项为“小费”;C 项为“礼物”;D 项为“报告”。 55. 【解析】 选 C。 当你需要这个世界时, 世界似乎总会对你有所“回报”(gives back, 归还)。A 项为“关闭”;B 项为“检查”;D 项为“仰望;尊敬;好转”。 Passage 7 (2011?全国卷 I ) In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory years ago. The professor 37 the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled 38 how many beans the jar 36 course about 20

with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to contained. After 39

shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, 40 answer, and went on saying, “You have just 42 your own senses.”

dry smile, announced the 41

an important lesson about science. That is: Never Twenty years later, the

43 could guess what the professor had in mind. He 45 into an

44

himself, perhaps, as inviting his students to start an exciting 46

unknown world invisible(无形的) to the through scientific 48

, which can be discovered only

47 . But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or even 49 to understand the world. And she 50

the invitation. She was just

that her firsthand experience could be the it was 52

51 . The professor, however, said that 53 for knowing and was 54 ,” the

. He was taking away her only

providing her with no substitute(替代). “I remember feeling small and woman says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I
- 68 -

55

the course that afternoon,

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

and I haven’t gone near science since.” 36.A. art 37.A. searched for 38.A. count 39.A. warning 40.A. ready 41.A. 1earned 42.A. 1ose 43.A. 1ecturer 44.A. described 45. A. voyage 46. A. professor 47.A. model 48. A. hear 49. A. suggesting 50.A. believed 51.A. growth 52.A. firm 53.A. task 54.A. cruel 55.A. dropped B.history B. looked at B. guess B. giving B. possible B. prepared B. trust B. scientist B. respected B. movement B. eye B. senses B. make B. beginning B. doubted B. strength B. interesting B. tool B. proud B. started C. science C. got through C. report C. turning away C. correct C. taught C. sharpen C. speaker C. saw C. change C. knowledge C. spirit C. present C. pretending C. proved C. faith C. wrong C. success C. frightened C. passed D. math D. marched into D. watch D. listening to D. difficult D. taken D. show D. woman D. served D. rush D. light D. methods D. refuse D. waiting D. explained D. truth D. acceptable D. connection D. brave D. missed

【文章大意】本文主要讲述了一位女士对大约 20 年前第一次接触基础科学课程 的经历的回顾。在那堂课上,教授告诉学生不要相信自己的感觉。这深深地刺
- 69 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

痛了这位当年只有 17 岁的女生,因为她认为自己正开始了解世界,感觉是她唯 一依赖的工具,而教授却把它拿走了。这使她很害怕,当天下午就放弃了这门 课程,至今也没再走近科学。 36.【解析】选 C。根据下文可知这位女士记起的是一堂基础科学课程。 37.【解析】选 D。此处指教授走进演讲大厅。search for“寻找”;look at“看”;get through“完成,打通电话”;march into“(大步)走进”。 38.【解析】选 B。根据下一句中的 After 39 shouts of wildly wrong guesses 可 知此处指教授让学生们猜有多少豆子。故选 B。 39.【解析】选 D。根据句子结构可以看出空中的动作应是教授发出的。句意: 听了学生的瞎猜之后,教授露出一个干瘪的笑。由此可知选 D。 40.【解析】选 C。根据前面的 wildly wrong guesses 可知此处指教授给出正确的 答案。correct 正确的。 41.【解析】选 A。learn an important lesson 表示“学到很重要的一堂课”。 42.【解析】选 B。根据这个故事可知教授让学生不要相信自己的感觉。trust 相 信。 43.【解析】选 D。此处的 the woman 就是指第一段中的 a woman。根据下文也 可推断出,因为她提到 20 年前自己是一个 17 岁的女生。 44.【解析】选 C。句意:他可能把自己看作是在邀请学生去探索未知世界。 describe…as…“ 把 …… 描 述 为 ……” ; respect…as…“ 把 …… 尊 为 ……” ; see…as…“把……看作……”;serve as“充当”。 45.【解析】选 A。此处应指“邀请学生开始令人激动的对未知世界的探索之旅”。 voyage 航行。 46.【解析】选 B。an unknown world invisible to the eye 指眼睛看不到的未知的世
- 70 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

界。 47.【解析】选 D。此处指只能通过科学的方法去发现眼睛看不到的未知的世界 (而不是通过感觉) 。 48. 【解析】选 A。句意:但是这个 17 岁的女生不愿意接受甚至听到这样的邀请。 49.【解析】选 B。此处指她自己正开始了解世界。 50.【解析】选 A。 (因为她自己正开始了解世界)所以她相信直接得到的经历就 是事实。 51.【解析】选 D。根据上题解析可知,此处表示“事实”。 52.【解析】选 C。根据上一段可知,教授认为不要相信感觉,因为感觉带来的 答案是错误的。所以此处选 C。 53.【解析】选 B。她认为教授把她依赖的唯一的工具即感觉拿走了。故选 B。 54.【解析】选 C。根据女士的描述可知,她当时认为自己很渺小,很害怕。 55.【解析】选 A。drop 在此表示“丢弃,中断,停止”。

(四) 议论文
Passage 1 (2011?广东卷) It has been argued by some that gifted children should be grouped in special classes. The 1 has been on the belief that in regular classes these children are 2 situation that has designed

held back in their intellectual (智力的) growth by for the 3 children. 4

There can be little doubt that

classes can help the gifted children to 5 out

graduate earlier and take their place in life sooner. However, to take these of the regular classes may create serious problems. I observed a number of 6

children who were taken out of a special class
- 71 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

and placed in a

7

class. In the special class, they showed little ability to use 8 on their teachers’ directions. In the regular class, 9 on many problems,

their own judgment, relying

having no worry about keeping up, they began to reflect some of which were not on the school program. Many are concerned that gifted children become learning. However, this 11

10

and lose interest in

is more often from parents and teachers than from 12 simply conclude that special classes should be

students, and some of these set up for those who are they 14

13 . Some top students do feel bored in class, but why

so goes far beyond the work they have in school. Studies have shown 15 child.

that to be bored is to be anxious. The gifted child who is bored is an 1. A. principle 2. A. designing 3. A. smart 4. A. regular 5. A. children 6. A. intelligent 7. A. separate 8. A. specially 9. A. directly 10. A. doubted 11. A. concern 12. A. students 13. A. talented B. theory B. grouping B. curious B. special B. programs B. competent B. regular B. slightly B. cleverly B. bored B. conclusion B. adults B. worried C. argument C. learning C. mature C. small C. graduates C. ordinary C. new C. wrongly C. voluntarily C. worried C. reflection C. scholars C. learned
- 72 -

D. classification D. living D. average D. creative D. designs D. independent D. boring D. heavily D. quickly D. tired D. interest D. teachers D. interested

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

14. A. believe 15. A. outstanding

B. think B. intelligent

C. say C. anxious

D. feel D. ordinary

【文章大意】长久以来不少人都肯定地认为如果让尖子生留在普通班里学习, 那无疑是对人才的埋没。因此许多拔尖的学生也都被送入了这些特长班发展, 培养神童。家长、老师们都希望通过特长班这一途径可以让这些学生成绩突出、 发展更超前。然而作者经过详细的观察研究却发现在特长班中竟然有相当一部 分学生表现得不尽人意。不但没有把尖子生的天赋发挥出来,反而抑制个性发 展。然而他们却又忽视了一个现实:许多尖子生在焦虑中学习生活,因而他们 的学习和生活充满焦虑。 1.【解析】选 C。承上启下。A 项 principle“原理;主义”和 B 项 theory“理论;原 理”角度太高,与话题不符;D 项 classification“分类;类别”不符合语境和逻辑, 只有 argument 与前面 argued 相呼应。 2.【解析】选 C。根据本文主题可以看出,这里强调的 situation“环境”应该指学 习环境。 3.【解析】选 D。语境考查。通过对比看出有天赋的孩子在普通班在智力方面会 受到遏制 “hold back” 。average“平均的;平常的;普通的;一般的 ”, average children “普通的孩子”与前句的 gifted children 相对应。 4.【解析】选 B。通过下文 can help the gifted children to graduate earlier 可以看出 此处所指的班级应该是特长班。 5.【解析】选 A。把这些有天赋的孩子们“gifted children”从普通班里选走可能会 造成严重的问题。 6.【解析】选 A。通过上下文,尤其是 who were taken out of a special class 看出, 这里指的孩子应该是 intelligent“聪明的;理解力强的”孩子。
- 73 -

圆学子梦想 铸金字品牌

7. 【解析】 选 B。 从该句前面信息看出, 这里所指的班级是 regular class“普通班”。 8.【解析】选 D。从逻辑推理看,此处指学生在特长班,处处依赖老师,遏制个 性发展。heavily 表示程度“严重地”,rely heavily on sb.“过度地依赖某人”。 9.【解析】选 C。如果在普通班,他们…reflect voluntarily on many problems“自 发地思考许多问题”,与前面的“relying heavily on”相对应。voluntarily 意思是“自 动地;自发地”。 10. 【解析】 选 B。 通过从后面的“lose interest”和“do feel bored”以及“who is bored” 可知。 11.【解析】选 A。承上文看出,通过前句的“Many are concerned that…”提示, 表语部分是在说明那些人的 concern“担心”,concern 既是动词又是名词。 12.【解析】选 B。从 these 看出指的是上文的 parents 和 teachers,adults 具有概 括性。 13.【解析】选 A。 talented 与 gifted 同义。 14. 【解析】 选 D。 承上文看, 从本句的“so”及前句的“Some top students do feel bored in class”可知。此处在说明学生的这种感受。 15.【解析】选 C。从前句“Studies have shown that to be bored is to be anxious.” 可 知。

关闭 Word 文档返回原板块

- 74 -


相关文章:
考点2 完形填空
- 66 - 考点 2 一、记叙文 (2014·重庆卷·完形填空 A) 话题:家庭 词数:261w 完形填空 难度:★★★ Five months after my husband Steve died, I woke...
考点2 完形填空
考点 2 (一 ) 记叙文 Passage 1 (2011· 四川卷) 完形填空 I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy ...
考点2 完形填空
考点 2 一、 记叙文 完形填空 (2012?安徽卷) When I settled in Chicago, my new city seemed so big and unfriendly. Then I had a 36 problem and had...
2016届高三英语二轮复习2015年高考分类题库考点2 完形填空
2016届高三英语二轮复习2015年高考分类题库考点2 完形填空_高考_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档2016届高三英语二轮复习2015年高考分类题库...
考点2 完形填空
考点 2 (一)记叙文 Passage 1 (2010· 山东卷) 完形填空 It was a cool October evening. Excitement and family members I was only a 7-year-old girl,...
考点2 完形填空
考点 2 (一 ) 记叙文 Passage 1 (2011· 四川卷) 完形填空 I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy ...
考点2 完形填空
考点 2 (一 ) 记叙文 Passage 1 (2011· 四川卷) 完形填空 I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy ...
考点2 完形填空
考点2 完形填空_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 考点2 完形填空_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。圆学子梦想 铸金字...
考点2 完形填空
考点 2 (一)记叙文 Passage 1 (2010· 山东卷) 完形填空 It was a cool October evening. Excitement and family members __36___ the hall. I was only...
考点2 完形填空
考点2 完形填空_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 考点2 完形填空_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。圆学子梦想 铸金字...
更多相关标签:
高考完形填空考点 | 完形填空考点 | 高中英语完形填空考点 | 大学英语2完形填空 | 完形填空 | 八年级英语完形填空 | 完形填空解题技巧 | 英语完形填空解题技巧 |